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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1)feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385574

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study aims to investigate the effect of Tangzhouling on the morphological changes of Nissl bodies in the dorsal root ganglion of DM Rats. In this study, 69 rats were randomly divided into a control group (n = 10) and a model group (n = 59). The rats in the model group were randomly divided into a diabetic group (n = 11), a vitamin C group (n = 12), a low dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12), a medium dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12) and a high dose Tangzhouling group (n = 12). The dose of Tangzhouling in the low dose group was 5 times that of the adult dose, being 0.44g/kg/d. The dose of Tangzhouling in the medium dose group was 10 times that of the adult dose, being 0.88g/kg/d. The dose of Tangzhouling in the high dose group was 20 times that of the adult dose, being 1.75g/kg/d. All doses above are crude drug dosages. Rats in the vitamin C group were given 10 times the dose of an adult, being, 0.05 g/ kg/d. The diabetic group and the control group were given the same amount of distilled water. Drug delivery time is 16 weeks. The dorsal root ganglion was placed in a freezing tube at the end of the experiment. The morphological changes of Nissl bodies in the dorsal root ganglion were detected by HE and Nissl staining. The study results showed that vitamin C had no significant effect on the quantity, size and nucleolus. Tangzhouling can improvee the morphology, quantity and nucleolus of Nissl bodies to a certain extent, and the high dose is better than the lower dose. Tangzhouling capsules can improve the nerve function of DM rats through Nissl bodies.


RESUMEN: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el efecto de Tangzhouling en los cambios morfológicos de los cuerpos de Nissl en el ganglio de la raíz dorsal de las ratas DM. En este estudio, 69 ratas se dividieron aleatoriamente en un grupo control (n = 10) y un grupo modelo (n = 59). Las ratas del grupo modelo se dividieron aleatoriamente en un grupo diabéticos (n = 11), un grupo vitamina C (n = 12), un grupo de dosis baja de Tangzhouling (n = 12), un grupo de dosis media de Tangzhouling (n = 12) y un grupo de dosis alta de Tangzhouling (n = 12). La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis baja fue 5 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 0,44 g/kg/d. La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis media fue 10 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 0,88 g/kg/d. La dosis de Tangzhouling en el grupo de dosis alta fue 20 veces mayor que la dosis del adulto, siendo 1,75 g/kg/d. Todas las dosis anteriores son dosis de fármaco crudo. Se les administró 10 veces la dosis de un adulto a las ratas del grupo vitamina C, siendo 0,05 g/kg/d. El grupo de diabéticos y el grupo de control recibieron la misma cantidad de agua destilada. El tiempo de entrega del fármaco fue de 16 semanas. El ganglio de la raíz dorsal se colocó en un tubo de congelación al final del experimento. Los cambios morfológicos de los cuerpos de Nissl en el ganglio de la raíz dorsal se detectaron mediante tinción de HE y Nissl. Los resultados del estudio mostraron que la vitamina C no tuvo un efecto significativo sobre la cantidad, el tamaño y el nucléolo. Tangzhouling puede mejorar la morfología, la cantidad y el nucléolo de los cuerpos de Nissl hasta cierto punto, y es mejor la dosis alta que la dosis baja. Las cápsulas de Tangzhouling pueden mejorar la función nerviosa de las ratas DM a través de los cuerpos de Nissl.

2.
J Genet ; 2020 Jun; 99: 1-6
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215507

ABSTRACT

Droughtmaster is a tropical breed of beef cattle that can survive in hot climates and easily adapt to torrid environments. These traits are important in livestock breeding. In this study, we genotyped five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the AHSA2 gene from 190 cattle belonging to three different breeds (Droughtmaster, Angus and Simmental) by using snapshot technology. This work aimed to identify the valuable molecular marker of heat resistance in cattle. Results showed that Droughtmaster exhibited higher expected heterozygosity and polymorphic information content compared with the two other breeds. The AHSA2-1 locus deviated from the Hardy– Weinberg equilibrium in the Droughtmaster breed (P \ 0.05). Two SNPs in Droughtmaster diverged significantly from Angus and Simmental. The SNPs were identified as AHSA2-3 and AHSA2-4, which were closely linked to the three breeds based on pair-wise FST. AHSA2-4 involved a missense mutation. In summary, the GG genotypes in AHSA2-3 and AHSA2-4 may be candidate genotypes associated with heat resistance traits and may serve as valuable genetic markers for breeding of heat-tolerant beef cattle in the future.

3.
Biol. Res ; 53: 10, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100916

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect role and mechanism of miR-30b-3p on ovarian cancer cells biological function. METHODS: The expression of miR-30b-3p was detected in ovarian cancer cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cell line by qRT-PCR. Mir-30b-3p mimic was transfected into OVCAR3 cells. Cell-counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was conducted to explore the effect of mir-30b-3p on the OVCAR3 cells' proliferation. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by Flow cytometry. Cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell test. The regulation of putative target of miR-30b-3p was verified by double luciferase reporter assays and Western blot. RESULT: We found that miR-30b-3p was downregulated in OVCAR3 cells. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p suppressed proliferation, promoted apoptosis, slowed cell cycle and inhibited migration and invasion of OVCAR3 cells. Bioinformatics analysis identified 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of Collagen triple helix repeat-containing 1 (CTHRC1) as the presumed binding site for miR-30b-3p. Detection of double luciferase reporter and Western-Blot result confirmed that CTHRC1 was the target gene of miR-30b-3p. Furthermore, E-cadherin, ß-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression level were changed after transfection of miR-30b-3p. CONCLUSION: miR-30b-3p function as an anti-cancer gene. Overexpression of miR-30b-3p can inhibit the biological function of ovarian cancer cells. MiR-30b-3p targets CTHRC1 gene plays an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), and supports miR-30b-3p as a potential biological indicator for ovarian cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Movement , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Invasiveness
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1495-1498, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829308

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate eye care behaviors among primary students in Wenzhou during Novel Coronavirus epidemic(COVID-19),and to provide a basis for eye care education and myopia prevention strategy.@*Methods@#A total of 1 127 students from grade one to grade six of six primary schools in Wenzhou were selected to participate in an on-line invistigation regarding class attendance and eye care behaviors during the epidemic, March 6-9, 2020.@*Results@#During the epidemic period, the primary school students in Wenzhou mainly took classes on the Internet (936, 83.1%), and the main learning tools were computers (391, 34.7%) and mobile phones (344, 30.5%), with an average of 3.00 h of online class. On average, students needed 2.00 h to complete homework and 1.00 h of extracurricular reading every day. In addition to learning, the daily use of mobile phone or ipad, computer and TV was 1.00,0.50,1.00 h respectively. Limited by the epidemic situation, the average daily exercise time of students was 0.81 h, including 0.00 h of outdoor activities; the average daily sleep was 9.00 h . During the epidemic period, 553 pupils (49.1%) reported eye discomfort, of which the most common was dry eyes (379, 47.4%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the main learning tools of non-electronic products, reading distance > 30 cm or not reading, exercise time >0.5 h and outdoor activity time > 0.5 h were the protective factors of ocular discomfort (P<0.05). More than 2 h homework and recreational screen time higher than 0.5 h were risk factors for ocular discomfort(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#During the epidemic period, online learning increasedeye strain.Time of electronic devices usage,correct posture for reading,moderate level of ourdan physical activity,as well as prevention and treatment of eye strain should be strictly monitored.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1638-1642, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837578

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the health education demands of primary and middle school students in Guiyang.@*Methods@#A multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to conduct a questionnaire survey for 5 540 students in grades 3-9 in Guiyang.@*Results@#The report rate of dental caries decreases with the increase of school age(P<0.05), and the reporting rate of myopia and the appearance of sexual development characteristics increases with the increase of school age(P<0.05). Proportion of middle and primary school students who could get enough sleep every day(17.6% and 22.0%) and one hour of outdoor activities every day(13.9% and 20.9%) was relatively low.The proportion of graduating students with running away from home and suicide/self-injury ideas/plans and behaviors was higher than other grades in the same school period(P<0.05).The proportion of middle school female students who have thoughts/plans of running away from home, suicidal/self-injury plans and behaviors was higher than that of male students.Students with greater academic pressure,fewer friends,and lack of communication with their parents were more likely to have thoughts/plans or behaviors of running away from home and suicide/self-harm(P<0.05). There were 4 600 students(83.3%) who expressed the demands for health education.School was the primary source of health knowledge for students,with the class meetings accounted for the most practices.Health education on healthy behaviors and lifestyles were highly expected.@*Conclusion@#The health education demands of primary and middle school students in Guiyang show age and sex specific characteristics.Health education should follow the physical and psychological development characteristics of students and adapt to the needs of students.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 805-810, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Abnormally activated mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway has been reported in several model animals with inherited metabolic myopathies (IMMs). However, the profiles of mTOR pathway in skeletal muscles from patients are still unknown. This study aimed to analyze the activity of mTOR pathway in IMMs muscles.@*METHODS@#We collected muscle samples from 25 patients with mitochondrial myopathy (MM), lipid storage disease (LSD) or Pompe disease (PD). To evaluate the activity of mTOR pathway in muscle specimens, phosphorylation of S6 ribosomal protein (p-S6) and p70S6 kinase (p-p70S6K) were analyzed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Western blotting results showed that p-p70S6K/p70S6K in muscles from LSD and MM was up-regulated when compared with normal controls (NC) (NC vs. LSD, U = 2.000, P = 0.024; NC vs. MM: U = 6.000, P = 0.043). Likewise, p-S6/S6 was also up-regulated in muscles from all three subgroups of IMMs (NC vs. LSD, U = 0.000, P = 0.006; NC vs. PD, U = 0.000, P = 0.006; NC vs. MM, U = 1.000, P = 0.007). Immunohistochemical study revealed that p-S6 was mainly expressed in fibers with metabolic defect. In MM muscles, most p-S6 positive fibers showed cytochrome C oxidase (COX) deficiency (U = 5.000, P = 0.001). In LSD and PD muscles, p-S6 was mainly overexpressed in fibers with intramuscular vacuoles containing lipid droplets (U = 0.000, P = 0.002) or basophilic materials (U = 0.000, P = 0.002).@*CONCLUSION@#The mTOR pathway might be activated in myofibers with various metabolic defects, which might provide evidence for mTOR inhibition therapy in human IMMs.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Blotting, Western , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Glycogen Storage Disease Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Mitochondrial Myopathies , Genetics , Metabolism , Muscular Diseases , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731511

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the effect of left atrial enlargement on atrial myocardial fibrosis degree and levels of the angiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ)/Rac GTPase activating protein 1 (Rac1)/signal transducersand activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathways expressing in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Methods From March to December 2011, 30 patients with RHD who underwent prosthetic valve replacement in our hospital were enrolled, including 16 males and 14 females, aged 42-70 (56.9±6.8) years. Twenty RHD patients with persistent atrial fibrillation as a research group and ten RHD patients with sinus rhythm as a control group (group A) underwent transthoracic echocardiography and right atrial appendage (RAA) tissue samples were obtained from these patients during mitral/aortic valve replacement operation. The research group according to left atrial diameter (LAD) was divided into two groups, ten patients in each group: a group B with LAD of 50–65 mm and a group C with LAD of LAD>65 mm. For each sample, histological examination was performed by hematoxylin-eosin and Masson’s trichrome staining. Light-microscopic pictures of atrial tissues samples were stained and tissue fibrosis degree in each group was analyzed. AngⅡ concentration was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Rac1 and STAT3 were measured by western blotting. Results LAD was significantly greater in AF patients with RHD than in the control group. Hematoxylin-eosin staining demonstrated highly organized arrangement of atrial muscles in the control group and significant derangement in both group B and group C with reduced cell density and increased cell size. Moreover, Masson’s trichrome staining showed that atrial myocytes were surrounded by large trunks of collagen fibers in both group B and group C, but not in the group A. There was a positive correlation between atrial tissue fibrosis and LAD. AngⅡ content was positively correlated with LAD. Similarly, Rac1 and STAT3 protein levels were found considerably higher in the group C and group B than in the group A with excellent correlation to LAD. Conclusion In patients with RHD complicated with persistent atrial fibrillation, the degree of atrial fibrosis and the expression level of AngⅡ/Rac1/STAT3 signaling pathways significantly increase with the left atrialenlargement.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2705-2712, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775032

ABSTRACT

Background@#Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare disease caused by mitochondrial defects and has high phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity. We analyzed the clinical symptoms, neuroimaging, muscular histopathology, and genotypes of 13 Chinese LS patients with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations.@*Methods@#Mutations in mtDNA were identified by targeted sequencing. The brain imaging features on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were analyzed. The levels of lactate in fasting blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were routinely tested. The levels of urinary organic acids, plasma amino acids, and acylcarnitines were examined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry. The histopathological traits of skeletal muscles were analyzed under microscope.@*Results@#Among 13 patients, mutations of MT-NDs (n = 8) and MT-ATP6 (n = 4) genes were most common. Strabismus (8/13), muscle weakness (8/13), and ataxia (5/13) were also common, especially for the patients with late-onset age after 2 years old. However, respiratory distress was common in patients with early-onset age before 2 years old. The most frequently affected brain area in these patients was the brain stem (12/13), particularly the dorsal part of midbrain, followed by basal ganglia (6/13), thalamus (6/13), cerebellum (5/13), and supratentorial white matter (2/13). Besides, the elevated lactate levels in CSF (6/6) were more common than those in serum (7/13). However, the analysis of abnormal plasma amino acid and urinary organic acid showed limited results (0/3 and 1/4, respectively). Muscular histopathology showed mitochondrial myopathy in the three late-onset patients but not in the early-onset ones.@*Conclusions@#Noninvasive genetic screening is recommended for mtDNA mutations in MT-NDs and MT-ATP6 genes in patients with ophthalmoplegia, muscle weakness, ataxia, and respiratory disorder. Furthermore, the lactate detection in CSF and the brain MRI scanning are suggested as the diagnosis methods for LS patients with mtDNA mutations.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Cytochrome-c Oxidase Deficiency , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Fasting , Blood , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Female , Humans , Infant , Lactic Acid , Blood , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Leigh Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mutation , Genetics , Neuroimaging , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664839

ABSTRACT

A sensitive, rapid, simple and economical ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectro-metric method (UPLC–MS/MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of imatinib, dasatinib and nilotinib in human plasma using gliquidone as internal standard (IS). Liquid-liquid extraction method with ethyl acetate was used for sample pre-treatment. The separation was performed on an Xtimate Phenyl column using isocratic mobile phase consisting of A (aqueous phase: 0.15% formic acid and 0.05% ammonium acetate)and B(organic phase:acetonitrile)(A:B=40:60,v/v).The flow rate was 0.25 mL/min and the total run time was 6 min. The multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions, m/z 494.5→394.5 for imatinib, 488.7→401.5 for dasatinib, 530.7→289.5 for nilotinib and 528.5→403.4 for IS, were chosen to achieve high selectivity in the simultaneous analyses. The method exhibited great improvement in sensitivity and good linearity over the concentration range of 2.6–5250.0 ng/mL for imatinib, 2.0–490.0 ng/mL for dasatinib,and 2.4–4700.0 ng/mL for nilotinib.The method showed acceptable results on sensitivity,specificity, recovery, precision, accuracy and stability tests. This UPLC–MS/MS assay was successfully used for human plasma samples analysis and no significant differences were found in imatinib steady-state trough concentra-tions among the SLC22A5?1889T>C or SLCO1B3 699G>A genotypes(P>0.05).This validated method can provide support for clinical therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic investigations of these three tyrosine kinase inhibitors(TKIs).

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2101-2106, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338792

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The immunopathologic mechanism underlying dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) remains poorly understood. Many cytokines play a pathogenic role in DM and PM. Interleukin 21 (IL-21) has a pleiotropic effect on inflammation regulation. This study aimed to detect the serum IL-21 level and investigate the expression of IL-21 and IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) in muscle tissues of patients with DM and PM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Biopsied muscle samples were obtained from 11 patients with DM, 12 with PM, and six controls; mRNA levels of IL-21 and IL-21R were analyzed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction; and immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate the protein expression of IL-21 and IL-21R. Serum samples were obtained from 36 patients with DM, 19 with PM, and 20 healthy controls. The serum IL-21 level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of IL-21 was upregulated in patients with DM and PM. The IL-21 mRNA level was significantly increased in muscle tissues of patients with DM and PM (DM vs. control, P= 0.001; PM vs. control, P= 0.001), whereas IL-21R mRNA level in patients with DM/PM was not statistically different from that of healthy controls. Immunohistochemical staining showed both IL-21 and IL-21R were significantly expressed in the inflammatory cells in muscle tissues of patients with DM and PM. The serum IL-21 level was also significantly higher in patients with DM/PM than in controls (DM vs. control, 49.12 [45.28, 60.07] pg/ml vs. 42.54 [38.69, 48.85] pg/ml, P= 0.001; PM vs. control, 50.77 [44.19, 60.62] pg/ml vs. 42.54 [38.69, 48.85] pg/ml, P= 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IL-21 expression is upregulated in patients with DM and PM in both muscle tissue and serum. In addition, IL-21R protein is highly expressed in affected muscle tissues of patients with DM and PM. IL-21 may play a pathogenic role through IL-21R in patients with DM and PM.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269753

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy of moxibustion on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the patients and the impacts on the inflammatory indices.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty RA patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 20 cases in each one. In the control group, diclofenac sodium sustained release tablets were used, 0.3 g each time, twice a day; methotrexate tablets were used, 10 mg each time, once a week; folic acid was used, 5 mg each time, once a week. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, moxibustion was added specially on the swelling and painful joints, once a day, 15-20 min each time till: the local skin turned slightly red. The treatment was given once a day, at the interval of 1 day after every 6 treatments. In the two groups, the efficacy was observed after 30-day treatment. Before and after treatment, the rheumatoid factor (RF), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), disease activity score-28 (DAS-28) and the score of joint symptom and physical signs were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before treatment, the levels of RF, hs-CRP, ESR, DAS-28 and the symptom scale score were all reduced in the RA patients of the two groups after treatment (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of RF, hs-CRP, ESR, DAS-28 and the symptom scale score in the observation group were improved much apparently (all P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 85.0% (17/20) in the observation group and was 80.0% (16/20) in the control group. The total effective rate in the observation group was apparently better than that in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Moxibustion as supplement relieves the joint symptoms, reduces the inflammatory reactive indices and improves the clinical efficacy in the RA patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Therapeutics , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Rheumatoid Factor , Blood , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1826-1830, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the anti-cancer components of Calotropis gigantean L. METHODS: The powdered whole plants of C. gigantea were extracted with 95% alcohol. After removal of the solvent, the residue was extracted with petroleum ether and chloroform, and the compounds in the chloroform extract were isolated and purified by different column chromatograghies carried out on silica gel, RP-18, MCI, and Sephadex LH - 20 and their structures were elucidated by spectral data. RESULTS: Thirteen compounds were isolated and their structures were characterized as gofruside(1), uzarigenin(2), arjunolic acid(3), 3ξ-(1ξ-hydroxyethyl) -7-hydroxy-1-isobenzofuranone(4), daucosterol(5), syringaresinol(6), 12-O-benzoyl-deacylmetaplexigenin(7), 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid(8), oleanolic acid(9), β-sitosterol(10), methyl 1-naphthaleneacetate(11), butylparaben(12), α-D-oleandropyranoside(13), and compounds 2 - 4, 6- 9, and 11 - 13 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 1 and 2 showed cytotoxicity against HLE, K562, RPMI8226, MCF7, MDA, and WM9 cell lines, with K562 and RPMI8226 being the most sensitive cells. CONCLUSION: Compounds 1 and 2 are premilinarily judged as the anti-cancer components in C. gigantean.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the changes of nucleus pulposus after in vitro culture of rabbit whole intervertebral disc and spinal motion segment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one New Zealand white rabbits which were randomly divided into organ group with 8 rabbits and segment group with 13 rabbits. Fifty intervertebral discs and 50 spinal motion segments were harvested respectively under aseptic conditions from two groups. These specimens were maintained in organ culture with hyperosmotic media (410 mOsm/kg), then 10 discs of the two groups were observed respectively by HE staining, immunohistochemistry of collagen type III, proteoglycan content and cells viability of nucleus pulposus before culture and at 3, 7, 14, 21 days after culture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HE staining showed the intervertebral disc tissue structure remained intact after culture of 21 days organ group and 14 days segment group,but there was severely degenerated of 21 days segment group. The intensity value of type II collagen immunohistochemical staining in the nucleus pulposus were not changed significantly between 21 days organ group and 14 days segment group (P > 0.05), but the staining of segment group at 21 days became shallower, there was significant difference compared with before each time points and organ group at 21 days (P < 0.05). PAS/AB staining of proteoglycan of nucleus pulposus showed that there were not decrease of tinting strength of two groups within 7 days, but the strength weakened slightly of two groups at 14 days, and the tinting strength became weaker at 21 days segment group, the change is more obvious than the organ group. The intensity value of fluorescence staining of nucleus pulposus cells was not changed significantly within 7 days of two groups (P > 0.05), the intensity value decreased slightly at 21 days organ group and 14 days segment group, but there were no significant difference compared with before time points (P > 0.05) however at 21 days segment group the intensity decreased as cells viability of nucleus pulposus decreased,and there was a significant difference compared with before each time points and organ group at 21 days (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is not obviously degenerated of the discs of organ group cultured within 21 days and segment group cultured within 14 days, but there was significant degeneration of the intervertebral disc of segment group after cultured 21 days, so the rabbit spinal motion segment can be used on research about the biomechanics of intervertebral disc as a vitro experimental model within 14 days.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type II , Female , Immunohistochemistry , Intervertebral Disc , Chemistry , Pathology , Male , Organ Culture Techniques , Rabbits
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the protective effect of active fractions of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HJD) on primary cortical neuron injury after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)/reperfusion (R) injury. Methods Using macroporous resin method, HJDFE30, HJDFE50, HJDFE75, and HJDFE95 with 30%, 50%, 75%, and 95% alcohol were respectively prepared. Then the content of active components in different HJD fractions was determined with reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The OGD/R injury model was induced by sodium dithionite on primary cortical neurons in neonate rats. MTT assay was used to observe the effect of four fractions (HJDFE30, HJDFE50, HJDFE75, and HJDFE95) and seven index components of HJD on the neuron viability.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RP-HPLC showed active component(s) contained in HJDFE30 was geniposide; baicalin, palmatine, berberine, and wogonside contained in HJDFE50; baicalin, berberine, baicalein, and wogonin contained in HJDFE75. The neuron viability was decreased after OGD for 20 min and reperfusion for 1 h, (P <0. 01), and significantly increased after administered with HJD, HJDFE30, HJDFE50, and HJDFE75 (P <0. 05, P <0. 01). Geniposide, baicalin, baicalein, palmatine, wogonside, and wogonin could increase the cortical neuron viability (P <0. 05, P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HJDFE30, HJDFE50, and HJDFE75, as active fractions of HJD, had protective effect on primary cortical neuron injury after OGD/R. Furthermore, geniposide, baicalin, and baicalein were main active components of HJD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Flavanones , Flavonoids , Glucose , Metabolism , Iridoids , Models, Animal , Neurons , Oxygen , Metabolism , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of novel object recognition (NOR) test in assessment of learning and memory ability in ICR mice in different experimental conditions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty male ICR mice were randomly divided into 10 groups: 4 groups for different inter-trial intervals (ITI: 10 min, 90 min, 4 h, 24 h), 4 groups for different object materials (wood-wood, plastic-plastic, plastic-wood, wood-plastic) and 2 groups for repeated test (measured once a day or every 3 days, totally three times in each group). The locomotor tracks in the open field were recorded. The amount of time spent exploring the novel and familiar objects, the discrimination ratio (DR) and the discrimination index (DI) were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with familiar object, DR and DI of novel object were both increased at ITI of 10 min and 90 min (P<0.01). Exploring time, DR and DI were greatly influenced by different object materials. DR and DI remained stable by using identical object material. NOR test could be done repeatedly in the same batch of mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NOR test can be used to assess the learning and memory ability in mice at shorter ITI and with identical material. It can be done repeatedly.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Learning , Male , Memory , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Time Factors
16.
J Environ Biol ; 2013 Jan; 34(1): 79-85
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-148494

ABSTRACT

Nursery nitrogen application has been used to improve seedling quality. The technique has received little attention with bare-root seedlings and their subsequent field performance on weed competition sites. Our research objective was to examine responses of one- and two- year-old bare-root Olga Bay larch (Larix olgensis Henry) seedlings to nursery nitrogen supplements and subsequent one-year field performance on a competitive site. The fertilizer levels (kg N ha-1) were 0 (control), 60 (conventional fertilization, 60 C), 120 (additional nitrogen applied two times, 120 L), 180 (additional nitrogen applied three times, 180 L) and N were applied in increments of 30 kg ha-1 at 15-day interval to maintain a base nutrient level. Although pre-planting morphological attributes and nitrogen status of one-year-old (1a) seedlings were more sensitive to 60 C than for two-year-old (2a) seedlings, the conventional application failed to enhance their field survival(15.6% vs 17.8%), relative height growth (89.0% vs 79.6%), and relative diameter growth (17.0% vs 22.9%). The 1a seedlings‘ field survival (15.6% for 0, 17.8% for 60 C) and 2a seedlings‘ relative height growth rate (11.0% for 0, 8.9% for 60 C) were not increased significantly until they were provided the 120 L (survival of 23.3% for 1a, relative height growth rate of 15.0% for 2a). According to pre-planting attributes and field performance, optimum nursery nitrogen application was 120 L for the 2a seedlings and 180 L for 1a seedlings. Except for component nitrogen concentration, pre-planting morphological attributes and component N content for the 2a seedlings were as much 3.3 to 37.7 times that of 1a seedlings. In conclusion, the contrasting survival of poor (15.6%-28.9%) for 1a seedlings and high (84.4%-91.1%) for 2a seedlings indicated that additional nitrogen fertilizer would not equal the benefits of an another year‘s growth in the nursery. Successful reforestation could not be fulfilled by 1a seedlings regardless of their pre-nutrients. An alternative technique for sites with competing vegetation was to apply 120kg N ha-1 in the nursery during July and August on 2a seedlings.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-839511

ABSTRACT

ATP2A2 is a member of ATP2As family, it encodes SERCA2b, a sarco (endo) plasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPases (SERCAs). As the main function of SERCA2b is to transport calcium from the cytosol to the sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum, it plays a vital role in numerous calcium-related signaling pathways involving control of tumor growth, differentiation, angiogenesis, metastasis and apoptosis. Recent studies have identified the accurate change of ATP2A2 expression in some tumors, which makes the first step in investigating how ATP2A2 participates in tumorigenesis and whether it can be taken as a new tumor marker and target for treatment. Here we made a comprehensive review on the role of ATP2A2 in tumorigenesis, and it is believed that the abnormal expression of ATP2A2 can damage the calcium homeostasis between cytosol and sarco (endo) plasmic reticulum, accelerating malignant proliferation, migration and angiogenesis of the tumor. Moreover, we also discussed the prospect of research and application of ATP2A2.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 538-541, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643079

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of oxymatrine as inhibitor of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome virus (HFRSV) infection in vitro and in vivo.Methods In vitro studies,a dose of oxymatrine without cytotoxicity and 76-118 strain of HFRSV was taken to treat Vero cells in three ways:①After treated with oxymatrine for 48 h,Vero cells were attacked by HFRSV at dilution of 10-1 ~ 10-6,respectively for 24 h before changing to maintenance medium; ②Vero cells were first attacked by HFRSV of 10-1 ~ 10-6 dilution respectively,then oxymatrine was used for 48 h before changing to maintenance medium; ③Vero cells were attacked by HFRSV at dilution of 10-1 ~ 10-6 respectively,and meanwhile treated with oxymatrine for 48 h before changing to maintenance mcdium.Each dilution handled four porocytes,and four positive controls were set up at the same time.Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was performed to determine the inhibitory effect of oxymatrine in experimental group and positive control.In vivo studies,thirty 2-week-old hamsters,weighing about 30-40 g,were divided into experimental and control groups according to body weight,n =15.These aninals were inoculated intraperitoneally with HFRSV in 100TCID50(0.1 ml each); on days 4-13,0.1 ml of oxymatrine 1:100 were given to each hamster in experimental group daily by intraperitoneal injection,while the same amount of saline was given to the control ones.Lung tissue of hamsters was then dissected out to slice to be identified by immunofluorcscence stain.Results It was demonstrated that oxymatrine with the diluted fractions of 1:8 was safe in vitro.When the virus dilution of HFRSV was l0-4,compared with control groups,the differences were statistically significant in method 2 and 3 (z =-2.53,-2.53,all P < 0.05),while no statistical significance in method 1 (z=5.36,P> 0.05).When the virus dilution of HFRSV was 10-1 ~ 10-3,10-5,10-6,the differences were not statistically significant (z--0.00,-0.32,-0.19,4.21,4.21,all P > 0.05).In vivo studies,compared with control group,the differences were statistically significant in experimental group (z =-3.85,P < 0.05).Conclusion Oxymatrine significantly inhibites HFRSV.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and Ki-67, a marker of tumor activity, in the diagnosis of gliomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), enhanced scanning, and diffusion-weighted imaging were performed in 76 patients with pathologically confirmed gliomas. The ADC values were measured at tumor parenchyma and the corresponding contralateral normal brain. The relatively ADC (rADC) values of the tumor parenchyma were calculated. The correlation of the ADC values with tumor grades was analyzed. The expression of Ki-67 was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The correlation between ADC value and Ki-67 in the diagnosis of gliomas was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ADC values and rADC values of high-grade gliomas were significantly lower than those of low-grade gliomas. The ADC values of tumor parenchyma were inversely associated with the degree of malignancy of the gliomas (r=-0.898, r=-0.868; P<0.01). The expression of Ki-67 was significantly higher in high-grade gliomas than that in low-grade gliomas. The Ki-67 labeling index in grade 3 and 4 gliomas were (29.48 ± 19.78)% and (31.21 ± 17.50)%, respectively. Both of them were significantly higher than Ki-67 labeling index in low-grade (grade 1 and 2) gliomas [(2.33 ± 2.20)%] (P<0.01). Nevertheless, the Ki-67 labeling index showed no significant difference between grade 3 and 4 gliomas (P>0.05). The expression of Ki-67 was negatively correlated with the ADC values and rADC values in tumor parenchyma (r=-0.627, r=-0.607; P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ADC and rADC values of tumor parenchyma can indirectly reflect the proliferation and malignancy of gliomas and therefore can be useful for the grading of glioma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Brain Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Female , Glioma , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309253

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Xinfeng Capsule (XC) on the cardiac function and the myocardial ultrastructure in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, the model group, the methotrexate (MTX) treated group, the Tripterygium Glycosides Tablet (TGT) treated group, and the XC treated group, 12 in each group. Except those in the normal control group, rats in the rest groups were induced to establish the AA model by intradermally injecting Freund's complete adjuvant into their right paws. The medication was started from the 19th day. Normal saline was administered to rats in the normal control group and the model group. MTX, TGT, and XC was respectively administered to rats in the MTX, TGT, and XC groups. The medication lasted for 30 days. The swelling degree of voix pedis, arthritis index (AI), the heart function, serum levels of cytokines, and the myocardial ultrastructure were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with the normal control group, the swelling degree of voix pedis and AI significantly increased (P < 0.01), the body weight significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the model group and the other 3 treated groups. (2) Compared with the model group, the heart index (HI), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), and left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) significantly decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure of development or decline (+/- dp/dt(max)) significantly increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the MTX treated group, the LVSP and LVEDP significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and +/- dp/dtmax significantly increased (P < 0.05). (3) Compared with the model group, TNF-alpha, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and IL-17 significantly decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); IL-10, CD4+, CD4+ CDA25+ significantly increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the MTX treated group, IL-17 significantly decreased (P < 0.05), CD4+ CD25+ expression significantly increased in the XC group (P < 0.05). (4) Transmission electron microscopy showed that myocardial ultrastructure was basically contact in the XC treated group, approaching to that of the normal control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Decreased cardiac function and damaged myocardial ultrastructure existed in AA rats. XFC could ameliorate the swelling degree of voix pedis and AI, as well as improve the heart function. Its mechanisms might be correlated with down-regulating serum levels of inflammatory factors, up-regulating the expressions of anti-inflammation factors, thus improving the myocardial ultrastructure and protecting injured myocardial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tripterygium
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