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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 337-341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883721

ABSTRACT

Objective:The iodine excretion of adult individuals was calculated by two creatinine correction methods of urinary iodine, and the significance and value of the methods to measure individual iodine nutrition levels were assessed to provide a reference basis for further epidemiological investigation and study of iodine deficiency disorders.Methods:Healthy adults aged 18 - 59 years from Fujian Province were recruited and their 24 h urine, fasting urine, and morning spot urine (8:00 - 12:30) were collected and the corresponding urinary iodine and creatinine concentrations were measured. The estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion was calculated using two different creatinine correction and creatinine estimation formulas were compared with the measured 24 h urinary iodine excretion.Results:There were no significant differences in measured 24 h urinary iodine excretion value, estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion value 1 of fasting urine and morning spot urine, and estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 2 of fasting urine and morning spot urine between genders (μg/d: 195.5 vs 190.9, 190.0 vs 181.7, 160.2 vs 144.2, 174.8 vs 179.2, 148.3 vs 131.5); there were no significant differences in measured 24 h urinary iodine excretion and fasting urinary estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 1, estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 2 ( P > 0.05), and there were significant differences in measured 24 h urinary iodine excretion and morning spot urinary estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 1, estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 2 ( P < 0.01). And there were significant linear correlations between measured 24 h urinary iodine excretion and estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 1 of fasting urine and morning spot urine, estimated 24 h urinary iodine excretion 2 of fasting urine and morning spot urine ( r = 0.772, 0.266, 0.828, 0.391, P < 0.01). Conclusions:It is feasible to estimate 24 h urinary iodine excretion in adults with creatinine-corrected fasting urinary iodine concentration. Creatinine-corrected fasting urinary iodine concentration can be used as an individual iodine nutrition level evaluation index, but whether it is applicable to children and pregnant women remains to be further studied.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 927-932, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866235

ABSTRACT

As a member of the tumor suppressor gene inhibitor of growth (ING) family, ING4 participates in tumor growth, invasion and metastasis by affecting various cell processes such as cell cycle and apoptosis. As the most common malignant tumor of head and neck and endocrine, thyroid cancer has increased dramatically year by year, and the pathogenesis is still unclear. Its development involves the up-regulation of oncogene expression and down-regulation of tumor suppressor gene expression. In this paper, we describe the research status of ING4 and thyroid cancer by combining relevant reports and data at home and abroad.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776173

ABSTRACT

Lumbar interbody fusion is one of the most commonly used surgical treatment of lumbar disease at present, but the hidden blood loss after surgery is large, accounting for 1/3 or even more than 1/2 of total blood loss. If not monitored and treated for the hidden blood, it can result in anemia and prolong bed time, thereby increasing the chance of infection. This paper summarizes the mechanism, influencing factors, calculation and treatment of hidden blood loss after lumbar fusion, so that the surgeon can have a correct understanding and evaluation of the hidden blood loss for the patients undergoing lumbar intervertebral fusion, and so as to reduce the occurrence of complications. This is very important for helping patients to pass perioperative period smoothly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region , Occult Blood , Perioperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607617

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of uteroplasty aided with temporary balloon occlusion of abdominal aorta in treating pernicious placenta previa combined with placenta percreta.Methods Sixty-two third-trimester gravidas who were diagnosed as pernicious placenta previa combined with placenta percreta by prenatal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1,2013 to May 31,2016 were enrolled in this study.All of them received cesarean section and then underwent uteroplasty following temporary balloon occlusion of abdominal aorta.Efficacy of that treatment was evaluated from the perspectives of blood loss,operation time,complications and postoperative recovery.All data were analyzed by descriptive analysis.Results All of the 62 cases were diagnosed with placenta percreta during operation including 10 cases (16.1%) with perimetrium invasion,46 cases (74.2%) with invasion to the muscular layer of bladder and six cases (9.7%) with bladder invasion.The average blood loss of all cases during and within 24 hours after operation was (1 377.3±605.2) ml and (140.6±66.3) ml,respectively.The average operation time was (72.3 ±24.5) min and the average length of postoperative hospital stay was (5.8± 1.6) d.The six cases of placenta percreta with bladder invasion received bladder repair.Sixty-one cases had their uterus preserved and the other one case had a sub-total hysterectomy due to amniotic fluid embolism.One woman developed phlebothrombosis in her lower limbs after operation.No intestinal or ureteral injury,puerperal infection,uterine ischemia necrosis or death was reported.In addition to three cases lost to follow-up,the other 59 patients were followed up to May 31,2017.Results of physical examination indicated that the 59 cases had normal uterine involution after operation.Menses returned in 58 of the 59 cases without any difference from before,and did not return in one case due to breastfeeding.Conclusion Uteroplasty aided with temporary balloon occlusion of abdominal aorta is a safe and effective uterus-preserving surgery for patients with pernicious placenta previa combined with placenta percreta.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477919

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the operative technique and effect of temporary balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta for preventing intraoperative bleeding during cesarean for patients with pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta. Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on the intraoperative situation of forty-one cases and information of follow-up twenty-nine cases, which were pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta and delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014. Diagnosis was confirmed by line of color Doppler ultrasound and MRI for all patients before operations. An interventional physician performed right femoral artery puncture and preset the abdominal aortic balloon catheter in the digital subtraction angiography operation room before cesarean. At the same time of fetal delivery, 10 ml normal saline was injected into the balloon immediately, which results in filling of the balloon and blocking of the aorta. According to the area and depth of placenta implantation and implantation or penetration of the posterior bladder wall, placenta separation, partial resection of the uterine wall and partial bladder resection and repair were performed correspondingly. Meanwhile, saline in the balloon was pumped out gradually until empty. Condition of placenta implantation, blood loss and blood transfusion volume during the operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, the duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure, and Apgar score of neonates were analyzed. Results Among the 41 cases, penetrative placenta and implanted placenta were observed in five cases and 36 cases, respectively. The latter 36 cases including 28 cases of bladder posterior wall accreta and eight cases of bladder posterior wall penetration. For all cases, the average operation time was (68.5±15.3) min, the mean blood loss in the operation was (1 058±960) ml, among which eight received blood transfusion with an average of (600±400) ml, and the mean hospital stay was (8.2±2.3) d. Uteruses were reserved in all cases. The mean duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure was (8.1±3.6) s and (5.2±2.9) mGy, and the Apgar score of neonates was 8.7±0.5 at 1 min and 9.5±0.3 at 5 min, respectively. The patients were followed up until October 31, 2014. Among them, six were lost, six were still in puerperium, 18 were breast-feeding, and the menses of 11 had returned. Conclusion Preset abdominal aortic balloon catheter in pernicious placenta previa and placenta accrete patients might effectively reduce the blood loss during cesarean section as well as the risk of hysterectomy through temporary occlusion of the abdominal aorta.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423622

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of autoantibodies to the angiotensin Ⅱ type Ⅰreceptor (AT1-AA) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in pregnant women's blood and explore their correlation with the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.Methods Ninety pregnant women who delivered from June 2011 to December 2011 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were chosen as the study objects.They were divided into mild preeclampsia group (n =30),severe preeclampsia group (n =30) and normal group (control group,n =30).The levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in maternal peripheral blood and umbilical cord blood were detected by ELISA,and the mRNA expression levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in placenta tissues were determined by reverse transcription (RT) PCR.Moreover,the correlation clinical indexes were detected and analysed.Results (1) The levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in maternal peripheral blood of preeclampsia [mild group:(114 ± 19) ng/L and (31 ± 9) ng/L,severe group:(145 ± 15) ng/L and (38 ± 10) ng/L] were both significantly higher than that of control group [(59 ± 5) ng/L,(17 ±4) ng/L].In addition,compared with mild group,the levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in severe group were significantly higher (P <0.05).(2) The levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in umbilical cord blood of preeclampsia [mild group:(105 ± 14) ng/L and (35 ±6) ng/L,severe group:(118 ± 14) ng/L and (40 ±5) ng/L] were significantly higher than that of control group [(61 ± 12) ng/L,(24 ± 5) ng/L].In addition,compared with mild group,the levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in severe group were significantly higher (P <0.05).(3) The mRNA expression levels of AT1-AA and ET1 in placenta tissues of mild group (0.313 ± 0.039,0.296 ±0.028) and severe group (0.568 ±0.052,0.577 ±0.046) were significantly higher than that in control group (0.198 ± 0.017,0.137 ± 0.012),and the levels in severe group were significantly higher than that in mild group (P <0.05).(4) There was an evident positive correlation between AT1-AA and ET1 levels of preeclampsia women's peripheral blood,umbilical cord blood and placenta (P < 0.05).(5) The level of AT1-AA in umbilical cord blood of preeelampsia pregnant women was positively correlated with S/D value of umbilical artery (P < 0.05),and negatively correlated with the weight of the birth and the placental (P < 0.05).Conclusion The AT1-AA in the blood of pregnant women plays an important role in promoting the generation and development of preeclampsia by increasing the ET1 secretion.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This paper aims to develop a monoclonal antibodies (MAbs)- based ELISA for detecting Chlamydophila pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) antigens in humans with the variable domains (VD) 2 and 3 of the major outer membrane protein (MOMPVD2-VD3) and to assess its sensitivity and specificity by comparing with a widely used MAb that is able to recognize the elementary bodies of C. pneumoniae.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MOMPVD2-VD3 were overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography. Mice were immunized with the recombinant antigen, and hybridomas secreting MAbs were screened. Three stable hybridomas clones were selected and named 5D6, 7G3, and 8C9. The MAbs-based ELISA was scrutinized for species-specific recognition with a number of human throat swab samples from Group I (156 patients with typical respiratory illness clinically confirmed before) and Group II (57 healthy donors).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In Group I, 55 positive cases were detected by anti-EB MAb-based ELISA, 51 cases were positive by MAbs 5D6-based ELISA, and 33 and 38 cases were positive by MAb 8C9 and 7G3-based ELISA respectively. Of the 57 samples from Group II "healthy donors", 5 were positive and 52 were negative with both anti-EB and 5D6-based tests, while 2 and 3 positive cases were identified by the other two MAb-based ELISAs respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel MOMPVD2-VD3 MAb-based assay may have higher specificity than the anti-EB MAb, which may possibly be used as an alternative tool for the diagnosis of C. pneumoniae infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Chlamydophila Infections , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Humans , Mice , Protein Structure, Tertiary
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 337-340, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292375

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Carnitine, the only carrier for fatty acid to enter mitochondria for oxidation, has significant effects on serum lipids metabolism and male fertility. This study aimed to investigate the correlation of serum carnitine levels with sex and age among healthy Chinese adults in Nanjing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We obtained fasting blood samples from 347 healthy Chinese adults in Nanjing (182 males, 165 females, aged from 20 to 89), determined the levels of serum free, acylcarnitine and total carnitine by high performance liquid chromatography with pre-column ultraviolet derivatization, and analyzed the correlation of serum carnitine levels with the age and sex of the subjects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total and free carnitine levels were significantly higher in the males than in the females (P < 0.05) while no statistically significant differences were found in the acylcarnitine level (P > 0.05). Among those aged between 20 to 50 years, levels of serum free and total carnitine were significantly higher in men than in women (P < 0.05) and they increased with age in females, but with no significant differences between males and females older than 50 years. The acylcarnitine level showed no obvious differences in any age and sex groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum free and total carnitine levels are correlated with sex and age in healthy adults.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Carnitine , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sex Factors , Young Adult
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