Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of attentional bias training on the attentional bias, psychological craving and relapse rate of alcohol dependent patients during rehabilitation.Methods:A randomized controlled trial was used to select 90 alcohol-dependent patients and randomly divide them into an intervention group and a control group. The alcohol cue pictures and neutral pictures were imported into E-Prime software at a ratio of 1∶1.The patients in the two groups were trained for eight times with attentional bias and without attentional bias by point delection paradigm. After each training, the software automatically records the response time and correct rate of the cue pictures and neutral pictures, and before intervention(T0), after 4 interventions(T4), and after 8 interventions(T8), the alcohol craving score was assessed by visual analogue scale and the relapse situation was followed up 1 month after the intervention. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Repeat measure ANOVA, χ2 test and t-test were used to compare the response time, accuracy and psychological craving of the two groups. Results:Repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that there were interaction between group and time in cue-map response time, line chart accuracy and psychological craving score of the two groups ( F=5.218, 6.939, 147.14, all P<0.01). Simple effect analysis showed that there was no significant difference in cue pictures response time, cue pictures accuracy and psychological craving score between the intervention group and the control group at T0(all P>0.05), but there was significant difference at T4 and T8 (all P<0.05), and there was significant difference in neutral pictures reaction only at T8 ( P<0.05). The comparison between two groups showed that the intervention group showed a downward trend in cue pictures response, T4 and T8 were lower than T0, with statistical difference (both P<0.001), while there was no difference in the control group. In the intervention group, the correct rate of cue pictures increased, T4 and T8 were higher than T0, and there were statistical differences (both P<0.001), while there was no difference in the control group( P>0.05). The psychological craving scores of both the intervention group and the control group showed a downward trend, T4 and T8 were lower than T0, there were statistical differences (both P<0.001), but the difference between T4 and T8 in the control group remained unchanged. One month after the end of the intervention, the difference in the rate of relapse between the intervention group and the control group was marginal (11.10%, 26.70%, P=0.059). The total number of days of abstinence in the intervention group was longer than that in the control group ((28.33±4.99)d, (26.47±6.66)d, P=0.010). Conclusion:Attentional bias training can improve the mental craving and attentional bias of alcohol-dependent patients during the rehabilitation period, and the relapse rate decreased one month after the intervention.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of positive psychology theory on recovering patients with alcohol dependence.Methods:According to the order of admission, 60 patients with alcohol dependence in convalescence were divided into intervention group and control group, 30 cases each. The control group received only routine treatment for alcohol dependence. In addition to conventional treatment, the intervention group also underwent positive psychological treatment for 5 weeks to evaluate the changes in social support, negative automatic thinking, psychological craving, attention bias and other aspects at pre-baseline, week 1, week 3, and week 5 of treatment.Results:The positive psychology therapy had a good effect on the social support of alcohol-dependent patients. Except for the difference in the degree of support utilization in the intervention group ( P>0.05), the difference in other indicators was statistically significant ( F values were 1.653 - 6.571, P <0.01), while the difference in the subjective support score in the control group was statistically significant ( F value was 5.445, P<0.01). The time factors of repeated measurement anova showed that the total score of social support, objective support, subjective support, utilization of support, total score of automatic thinking and visual desire score were significantly different with the increase of treatment times ( F values were 3.324 - 17.153, P<0.01 or 0.05). The interaction between the total score of social support, subjective support, visual desire and intervention measures was significant ( F values were 9.331 - 17.578, P<0.01). The intergroup factors showed that the intervention measures had positive effects on the total score of social support, objective support, total score of automatic thinking and visual desire between the two groups, with statistically significant differences ( F values were 3.865-12.061, P<0.01 or 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the intervention group and the control group in response time of cue words, negative word response time and neutral word response time before intervention ( P> 0.05), and the response time of cue words in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group after intervention ( t value was -3.148, P<0.01). Before intervention in the intervention group and control group in the cue word correctly, negative word correctly, neutral accuracy differences of no statistical significance ( P > 0.05), after intervention intervention group negative word accuracy was higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.298, P<0.05), and after the intervention intervention group neutral accuracy is higher than the control group, difference was statistically significant ( t value was 2.010, P<0.05). Conclusions:Positive psychological therapy can enhance the social support of alcohol-dependent patients, reduce the automatic thinking of patients, reduce the craving, and change the attention bias of alcohol-dependent patients, providing a basis for clinical research.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL