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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1-9, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970100

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of CPD1, a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, on renal interstitial fibrosis after unilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (UIRI). Male BALB/c mice were subjected to UIRI, and treated with CPD1 once daily (i.g, 5 mg/kg). Contralateral nephrectomy was performed on day 10 after UIRI, and the UIRI kidneys were harvested on day 11. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE), Masson trichrome and Sirius Red staining methods were used to observe the renal tissue structural lesions and fibrosis. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot were used to detect the expression of proteins related to fibrosis. HE, Sirius Red and Masson trichrome staining showed that CPD1-treated UIRI mice had lower extent of tubular epithelial cell injury and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) in renal interstitium compared with those in the fibrotic mouse kidneys. The results from immunohistochemistry and Western blot assay indicated significantly decreased protein expressions of type I collagen, fibronectin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) after CPD1 treatment. In addition, CPD1 dose-dependently inhibited the expression of ECM-related proteins induced by transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in normal rat kidney interstitial fibroblasts (NRK-49F) and human renal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2). In summary, the novel PDE inhibitor, CPD1, displays strong protective effects against UIRI and fibrosis by suppressing TGF-β signaling pathway and regulating the balance between ECM synthesis and degradation through PAI-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Rats , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Fibrosis , Kidney , Kidney Diseases , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3080-3092, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982890

ABSTRACT

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have been associated with high mortality, highlighting the urgent need for developing novel antifungal strategies. Herein the first light-responsive antifungal agents were designed by optical control of fungal ergosterol biosynthesis pathway with photocaged triazole lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) inhibitors. The photocaged triazoles completely shielded the CYP51 inhibition. The content of ergosterol in fungi before photoactivation and after photoactivation was 4.4% and 83.7%, respectively. Importantly, the shielded antifungal activity (MIC80 ≥ 64 μg/mL) could be efficiently recovered (MIC80 = 0.5-8 μg/mL) by light irradiation. The new chemical tools enable optical control of fungal growth arrest, morphological conversion and biofilm formation. The ability for high-precision antifungal treatment was validated by in vivo models. The light-activated compound A1 was comparable to fluconazole in prolonging survival in Galleria mellonella larvae with a median survival of 14 days and reducing fungal burden in the mouse skin infection model. Overall, this study paves the way for precise regulation of antifungal therapy with improved efficacy and safety.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0367, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423516

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Ground exercise is a high-level event of Chinese women's gymnastics. Maintaining the dominant strength of women's floor exercise in China has become one of the issues that coaches, athletes and gymnastics researchers should actively discuss. A research analysis on athletes' competition in the National Games can better reflect and illustrate the fundamental level of athletes and their overall developmental status. Objective To verify the relationship between women's floor exercise skills and competition performance. Methods The analysis and study of 65 female athletes participating in floor exercises at the National Games was carried out. In this paper, the on-the-spot statistical method is used to perform statistics on the skills and the athletes' completion in the four games. Movement training and choreography experts were consulted. Results The performance of women's floor drills in the National Games was discussed from three aspects: the difficulty and arrangement of movements, the initial score and bonus points, and the completion of movements. Conclusion Most athletes can adapt to the changes in the new rules and master many complex movements. This also gets them a higher score. However, the choreography of the athletes' complete movements is relatively simple and lacks features. Strength training in the lower limbs should be the key to improving the athletes' ability in floor exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução O exercício no solo é um evento de alto nível da ginástica feminina chinesa. Manter a força dominante do exercício físico feminino na China tornou-se uma das questões que treinadores, atletas e pesquisadores de ginástica devem discutir ativamente. Uma análise de pesquisa sobre a competição dos atletas nos Jogos Nacionais pode refletir e ilustrar melhor o nível fundamental dos atletas e seu status geral de desenvolvimento. Objetivo Verificar a relação entre as habilidades de exercício do solo feminino e o desempenho na competição. Métodos Foi efetuada a análise e estudo de 65 atletas femininas que participam de exercícios de solo nos Jogos Nacionais. Neste trabalho, o método estatístico no local é utilizado para realizar estatísticas sobre as habilidades e a conclusão dos atletas nos quatro jogos. Foram consultados especialistas em treino de movimento e coreografia. Resultados Discutiu-se o desempenho dos exercícios de piso feminino nos Jogos Nacionais a partir de três aspectos: a dificuldade e a disposição dos movimentos, a pontuação inicial e os pontos de bônus, e a conclusão dos movimentos. Conclusão A maioria dos atletas pode se adaptar às mudanças nas novas regras e dominar muitos movimentos complexos. Isto também obtém uma pontuação mais alta. Entretanto, a coreografia dos movimentos completos dos atletas é relativamente simples e carece de características. O treinamento da força nos membros inferiores deve ser a chave para melhorar a habilidade das atletas no exercício do solo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El ejercicio en el suelo es una prueba de alto nivel de la gimnasia femenina china. Mantener la fuerza dominante del ejercicio de suelo femenino en China se ha convertido en una de las cuestiones que entrenadores, atletas e investigadores de la gimnasia deben debatir activamente. Un análisis de la investigación sobre la competición de los atletas en los Juegos Nacionales puede reflejar e ilustrar mejor el nivel fundamental de los atletas y su estado de desarrollo general. Objetivo Verificar la relación entre las habilidades del ejercicio de suelo de las mujeres y el rendimiento en la competición. Métodos Se llevó a cabo el análisis y estudio de 65 atletas femeninas que participaron en ejercicios de suelo en los Juegos Nacionales. En este trabajo se utiliza el método estadístico in situ para realizar estadísticas sobre las habilidades y la realización de los atletas en los cuatro partidos. Se consultó a expertos en formación del movimiento y coreografía. Resultados El rendimiento de los ejercicios de suelo de las mujeres en los Juegos Nacionales se analizó desde tres aspectos: la dificultad y la disposición de los movimientos, la puntuación inicial y los puntos de bonificación, y la finalización de los movimientos. Conclusión La mayoría de los atletas pueden adaptarse a los cambios de las nuevas reglas y dominar muchos movimientos complejos. Esto también obtiene una mayor puntuación. Sin embargo, la coreografía de los movimientos completos de los atletas es relativamente simple y carece de características. El entrenamiento de la fuerza en los miembros inferiores debe ser la clave para mejorar la capacidad de los atletas en el ejercicio de suelo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 609-615, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922862

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical effects and safety of Loratadine combined with Diclofenac sodium eye drops in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis by system review.METHODS:Using “Loratadine” “Diclofenac sodium” and “allergic conjunctivitis” as keywords, a randomized controlled trial of Loratadine combined with diclofenac sodium in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis was searched in Embase, Cochrane library, Pubmed, CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP and SionMed. The retrieval time is from the establishment of the database to July 2021. The risk bias tool provided by the Cochrane cooperation scale was used to assess the risk bias of included studies of RCTs. The publication bias of the included studies was assessed by the Egger's test. Meta-analysis of clinical efficiency, incidence of adverse effects, ocular itch score, and discharge score were using RevMan 5.3. Descriptive analysis were performed on the results with high heterogeneity.RESULTS:A total of 19 articles were included, all of which were Chinese literatures, including 1 931 patients(2 044 eyes). The control group was treated with Loratadine, and the experimental group was treated with Loratadine combined with Diclofenac sodium eye drops. The Meta-analysis showed that the clinical effect of experimental group was better than control group(<i>OR</i>=4.43, 95%<i>CI</i>:3.26-6.03,<i>P</i><0.00001).The incidence of adverse reaction was lower than control group(<i>OR</i>=0.32, 95%<i>CI</i>:0.2-0.52,<i>P</i><0.00001). The Score of ocular itching(<i>MD</i>=-0.36, 95%<i>CI</i>:-0.39 to -0.33,<i>P</i><0.00001)and discharge(<i>MD</i>=-0.24,95%<i>CI</i>: -0.31 to -0.18,<i>P</i><0.00001)in experimental group was lower than control group. All the studies on hyperemia and edema of conjunctiva, conjunctival papilla or follicle proliferation and foreign body sensation in patients with allergic conjunctivitis showed that the experimental group could significantly reduce the above symptoms(all <i>P</i><0.05). Egger's test was performed on the total effective rate, the incidence of adverse reaction. The results showed that there was publication bias in the total effective. Trim and fill method showed that the publication bias did not affect the results.CONCLUSION: On the basis of the oral Loratadine, combined with Diclofenac sodium eye drops has a certain clinical efficacy in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, which can improve the clinical symptoms such as ocular itching, foreign body sensation, hyperemia and edema of conjunctiva, and the incidence of adverse reactions is low, which can provide evidence-based basis for the drug treatment of allergic conjunctivitis in the future. However, due to the low intensity of the included research evidence, more multicenter, randomized double-blind clinical trials are needed in the future, so that to improve the evidence intensity.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 689-692, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877130

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze associated factors of HIV infection among college students who are young men and have sex with men (YMSM) in Tianjin, providing reference for HIV prevention and control among YMSM college students.@*Methods@#During Aug. 1st, 2018 to Dec. 31st, 2018, SHENLAN recruited college students who were YMSM aged 18-24 years from gay baths, gay bars, QQ, WeChat and gay dating app BLUED. HIV infection status and associated factors (general demographic characteristics, unsafe sexual behaviors, addictive substance using, basic knowledge of HIV) was collected and analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 470 college students, including 21 HIV infected (4.47%), were enrolled in this study. Univariate Logistic regression analyses indicated that age, age at first sex behavior, HIV related knowledge, tobacco use, recreational drug usage, syphilis infection was associated with HIV infection among YMSM students (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis found age of first sex (OR=21.20,95%CI=3.09-145.43), recreational drug use (OR=5.07,95%CI=1.77-14.48), lack of HIV related knowledge (OR=3.38,95%CI=1.33-8.63)were associated with HIV infection (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#College students who are YMSM in Tianjin have a high rate of HIV infection, who deserves further attention. Targeted campus HIV/AIDS prevention program should be developed combined with specific characteristics of this population.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 224-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906227

ABSTRACT

Zexietang is a Chinese herbal compound prescription with a long history, which consists of Rhizoma alismatis and Atractylodes macrocephala. Zexietang comes from "Synopsis of Golden Chamber", as "there is a drink under the heart, and its people are bitter and dizzy". Zexietang has the effect of removing water from drinking water and invigorating spleen for diuresis. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that its lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effects are very significant. It can be used to treat hyperlipidemia, anti-atherosclerosis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. With the continuous development of molecular biology, the research on the pharmacological effects of Zexietang, extracts and their monomers has deepened to the molecular level gradually, and the relevant mechanism of action has also been continuously elucidated. In terms of lipid-lowering effect of Zexietang, the levels of cytokines or receptors such as 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR), cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), and liver X receptors (LXR) are affected. It is widely involved in adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) pathways, while Zexietang's anti-inflammatory effect mainly affects inflammatory factors such as interleukins (IL) and tumor necrosis factors (TNF), and simultaneously nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), toll-like receptors (TLR) and other cytokines or receptor-related pathways. In order to promote the further research and clinical application of Zexietang and contribute to the development of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, the studies of the past 15 years on molecular mechanism of the lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effect of Zexietang, Alisma and Atractylodes extract as well as their monomer components were reviewed.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1504-1507, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904586

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the basic characteristics, sexual behavior and the use of recreational new drugs of young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Tianjin, and to explore the characteristics of young MSM who use recreational drugs, so as to provide reference for the policy making of HIV/AIDS prevention and control in universities.@*Methods@#From January 1, 2018, solstice to December 31, 2018, participants were recruited in the bathrooms, bars and social network sites in Tianjin by snowball sampling. The basic demographic information, sexual behavior and recreational drug use of the participants were collected through face to face interviews and questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to analyzed the characteristic differences drug users and non users among young MSM.@*Results@#A total of 826 young MSM were included in the study, 32 were infected with HIV, and the overall prevalence rate was 3.87 %. Totally 371 (44.92%) were drug users. Rush Poppers were the most common used drug ( 98.65 %). Of the young MSM using new drugs, 306 (82.48%) multiple drugs were used, 65 people ( 17.52 %) only one drug has been used. Among new drug users, multiple drug users had higher HIV prevalence rate (16.92%) than single drug users (4.57%). There were statistically significant differences between drug users and non users in age, age of first sexual behavior, household registration, sexual orientation, education level, sexual partners seeking routes, unprotected anal intercourse and HIV testing history( OR=3.70,5.51,0.51,0.60,4.64,0.40,0.52,1.98,2.29,P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The utilization rate of recreational drugs among young MSM in Tianjin was high. Relevant departments should strengthen the propaganda of recreational drugs and HIV prevention among college students, improve the sexual health awareness of young MSM, and establish a long term HIV and recreational drug prevention system.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1417-1425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882105

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical effects of subconjunctival injection of vitamin C in the treatment of corneal ulcer by using Meta-analysis.<p>METHODS: Using “vitamin C” and “corneal ulcer” as keywords, the randomized controlled trials(RCT)of subconjunctival injection of vitamin C in Embase, Cochrane library, Pubmed, CNKI and Wanfang database in the treatment of corneal ulcer was searched. Relevant reference published before February 2021. The risk bias tool provided by the Cochrane cooperation scale was used to assess the risk bias of included studies of RCTs. The publication bias of the included studies were assessed by the Egger's test with Stata software. Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.<p>RESULTS: A total of 32 eligible articles were included, all of which were Chinese literatures, with a total of 4 514 patients. The control group was treated with routine treatment, and the experimental group was treated with subconjunctival injection of vitamin C combined with routine treatment. The Meta-analysis showed that the experimental group was better than control group(<i>OR</i>=4.61, 95%<i>CI</i>:3.70, 5.74). The recurrence rate was lower than control group(<i>OR</i>=0.24, 95%<i>CI</i>: 0.18, 0.31). The cure time in experimental group was shorter than control group(<i>MD</i>= -6.29, 95%<i>CI</i>: -7.08, -5.51), 32 studies do not adequately report adverse drug reactions(ADR). Egger's test was performed on the total effective rate, recurrence rate and cure time. The results showed that there was publication bias in the total effective rate and cure time. Trim and fill method showed that the publication bias did not affect the results.<p>CONCLUSION: Subconjunctival injection of vitamin C is feasible in the treatment of corneal ulcer. The clinical effect, cure time and recurrence rate were better than routine treatment. However, due to the low intensity of the included research evidence, more multicenter, randomized double-blind clinical trials are needed to improve the evidence intensity of vitamin C in the treatment of corneal ulcer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 170-175, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873296

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the chemical structure and morphological features of a polysaccharide BHP-1 isolated and purified from the bulbs of Lilium davidii var. unicolor. Method::Thermogravimetry (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEC) was used to determine the thermal characteristics and the surface morphology changes of the polysaccharide BHP-1, respectively. The chemical structure of BHP-1 was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS), partial acid hydrolysis, sodium periodate oxidation-Smith degradation and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Result::The results showed that the backbone of the polysaccharide BHP-1 mainly contained α-(1→4)-linked D-glucopyranosyl and β-(1→4)-linked D-mannopyanosyl, and the branches were probably linked at the O-2 and/or O-3 of the mannosyl and glucosyl residues, with T-α-D-glucopyranosyl as a terminal structure. It was a natural mannoglucose containing a small amount of O-acetyl group. BHP-1 began to degrade at 220 °C, and the degradation ended at 520 ℃, indicating a good thermal stability, smooth surface and a large number of depressions. The depressions were formed by closely interlaced and sunken sheet layers with irregular holes. Conclusion::BHP-1 was a natural mannoglucose with a good thermal stability, smooth surface, a large number of depressions and irregular holes, and contained a small amount of O-acetyl group. Its chemical structure was reported for the first time.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 156-162, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for qualitative analysis of components in Perilla frutescens leaves and stalks by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS),so as to explore the substance basis of pharmacodynamics differences between P.frutescens leaves and stalks.Method:P. frutescens leaves and stalks were extracted by 80% methanol-water ultrasound. The samples were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive-Orbitrap-MS comprehensively. Halo-C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm,2.7 μm) was used for gradient elution with 0.05% formic acid aqueous-0.05% acetonitrile formate as mobile phase in positive and negative ion modes. The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1,the column temperature was 40 ℃,and the injection volume was 5 μL.Result:The chemical compound in P. frutescens was deduced and identified based on the retention time of chromatography,and the exact molecular weight,excimer ion peaks,fragment ions and reference materials in Xcalibur software. The chemical composition of P. frutescens was identified by Mass Frontier 7.0 software. Totally 4 amino acids,7 phenylpropanoids,10 flavonoids,12 triterpenoids,7 organic acids,4 fatty acids,10 unknown compounds and 54 compounds were identified. Among them,6 triterpene acids, including glochidone, were identified in P. frutescens for the first time. The structures of five characteristic compounds were analyzed. There were 45 constituents in P.frutescens leaves and 32 constituents in P. frutescens stalks. They had 23 common constituents.Conclusion:LC-MS can identify the components of P. frutescens rapidly and effectively. This study provides an important theoretical basis for the quality control of different parts of P. frutescens and the development and utilization of P. frutescens.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1795-1797, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862200

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Based on the MSM college students in Tianjin, this study aims to explore the demographic and behavioral characteristics of MSM with different sexual partners, and to provide evidence and information for intervention in combination with social networks.@*Methods@#According to the source and access of seeking sexual partners, 546 MSM of Tianjin college students aged 18-24 in 2018 Jan. and 2019 Dec. were divided into internet-based MSM (396) and traditional MSM (150). Chi-square test and rank-sum test were used to compare the demographic information, sexual behavior characteristics, HIV prevention and testing awareness, and psychoactive substance use of the two MSMs, and Logistic regression was used to explore factors affecting college students use of the Internet for sexual partners.@*Results@#Internet-based MSM has advantages in receiving HIV testing and safety consulting services, AIDS knowledge level, and peer education in the past year (P<0.05). The psychoactive substance use of the survey population reached more than 40%, and the awareness rates of pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis were 32.98% and 55.32%, respectively. After multivariate Logistic regression analysis, MSM students who had received condom distribution, AIDS counseling and peer education (OR=2.16, 1.98, P<0.01) were more inclined to use the Internet for sexual partners.@*Conclusion@#Relevant departments can use the Internet to intervene in the prevention and control of MSM in colleges and universities in terms of AIDS-related knowledge, HIV testing, and mental substances.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1531-1536, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774525

ABSTRACT

Exogenous calcium can enhance the resistance of certain plants to abiotic stress. However,the role of calcium insaltstressed honeysuckle is unclear. The study is aimed to investigate the effects of exogenous calcium on the biomass,chlorophyll content,gas exchange parameters and chlorophyll fluorescence of honeysuckle under salt stress. The results showed that the calcium-treated honeysuckle had better photochemical properties than the salt-stressed honeysuckle,such as PIABS,PItotal,which represents the overall activity of photosystemⅡ(PSⅡ),and related parameters for characterizing electron transport efficiency φP0,ψE0,φE0,σR,and φR are significantly improved. At the same time,the gas exchange parameters Gs,Ci,Trare also maintained at a high level. In summary,exogenous calcium protects the activity of PSⅡ,promotes the transmission of photosynthetic electrons,and maintains a high Ci,therefore enhances the resistance of honeysuckle under salt stress.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Pharmacology , Chlorophyll , Lonicera , Physiology , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Salt Stress
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 415-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the oral and maxillofacial region in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 12 children with LCH involving the oral and maxillofacial region who were hospitalized and treated from September 2012 to September 2017, including clinical manifestations, pathological features, treatment and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Of the 12 children, 8 (67%) had multiple system involvement and 7 (58%) had the involvement of organs at risk. Bone was the most common affected site (11 children, 92%), among whom 7 children had the involvement of the mandible. Oral soft tissue involvement manifested as gingival ulcer or hyperplasia in 4 children, loose teeth in 5 children, oral mucosal lesions in 2 children, and nodular lesions in 1 child. Pathological examination showed positive CDla in 11 children and positive CD207, CD68, S-100, and LCA in 12 children. Surgery combined with chemotherapy was the major treatment method, and surgical resection alone was performed for focal lesions. After treatment, 11 children were cured or improved and 1 gave up treatment and was lost to follow-up. No recurrence was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LCH children with oral and maxillofacial involvement often have the involvement of multiple systems and organs at risk, with the mandible as the most common affected site. These children may also have the involvement of gingiva, oral mucosa and teeth. Surgery combined with chemotherapy is the major treatment method, and the patients generally have a good prognosis without recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Mouth Mucosa , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2452-2458, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773240

ABSTRACT

Exogenous calcium can enhance the resistance of certain plants to abiotic stress. Research have demonstrated that exogenous calcium could enhances the resistance of honeysuckle under salt stress by promoting the transmission of photosynthetic electrons.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exogenous calcium on the contents of Na~+,K~+,Ca~(2+),Mg~(2+)and the expression of photosynthetic related genes Cab and rbc L. In this study,we used ICP-OES to analysis ion contents and used qRT-PCR to analysis the expression patterns of Cab and rbc L. The results showed that CaCl_2 significantly enhanced the K~+-Na~+,Ca~(2+)-Na~+,Mg~(2+)-Na+ratio of honeysuckle treated with 50 and 100 mmol·L~(-1) NaCl. Meanwhile,Cab and rbc L were significantly up-regulated under short-term salt stress,and CaCl_2 promoted this trend. From the two gene expression patterns,rbc L rapidly up-regulated on the first day of stress and then decreased,and was more sensitive to environmental changes. In summary,exogenous calcium could alleviate salt stress and increase plant development by increasing intracellular K~+-Na~+,Ca~(2+)-Na~+,Mg~(2+)-Na+ratio,and the transient overexpression of Cab and rbc L.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Physiology , Cations , Lonicera , Physiology , Photosynthesis , Salt Stress
15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 722-727, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796400

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mechanism of Al (mal) 3-induced ferroptosis in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells (PC12), to explore the effect of deferoxamine (DFO) .@*Methods@#Taken PC12 cells growing at logarithmic phase and divided into 6 groups: control group, 200 μmol/L Al (mal) 3 group, 0.5% DMSO group, 200 μmol/L DFO group, Al (mal) 3+DMSO group, Al (mal) 3+DFO group. DMSO and DFO were added to the DMSO group and the Al (mal) 3+DMSO group, the DFO group and the Al (mal) 3+DFO group for 2 h, respectively, Al (mal) 3 was then added to the Al (mal) 3 group, Al (mal) 3+DMSO group, and the Al (mal) 3+DFO group to a final concentration of 200 μmol/L. The cell viability was detected by CCK8, the morphology and ROS levels of PC12 cells was observed by inverted microscope, the cell proliferation toxicity and intracellular iron ion content were detected by colorimetry, the GSH content and GSH-PX activity were detected by biochemical method.@*Results@#Al (mal) 3 exposure significantly inhibited the growth of PC12 cells and destroyed the cell morphological structure, resulting in increased LDH activity and intracellular iron ion content in PC12 cells, decreased GSH content and GSH-PX activity, increased ROS levels; the combined treatment of Al (mal) 3+DFO can significantly improve the cell viability of PC12 cells, improved cell morphology, decreased cell LDH activity and intracellular iron ion content (P>0.05), increased GSH content and GSH-PX activity, decreased ROS levels.@*Conclusion@#Al (mal) 3 can induce ferroptosis in PC12 cells, DFO may inhibit ferroptosis by reducing intracellular iron levels and reducing oxidative damage.

16.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1060-1064, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710268

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare the thermosensitive intestinal gels of Houttuynia cordata Thunb volatile oils hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) inclusion compound.METHODS For the gels prepared by cold dissolving method,poloxamer 407 consumption and poloxamer 188 consumption were taken as influencing factors,together with phase transition temperature as an evaluation index,central composite design-response surface method was applied to optimizing the formulation.With 2-undecanone as an index component,the gels' dissolution rate and in vitro release rate were investigated by non-membrane dissolution method and dialysis bag method respectively,whose stability was then evaluated by high temperature (40,60 ℃),low temperature (4 ℃),strong light [(4 500 ±500) 1x] and acceleration (three months) tests.RESULTS The optimal conditions were determined to be 20.61% for P407 consumption and 3.03% for P188 consumption,the phase transition temperature was 36.5 ℃.Within the time range of 30-150 min,the HPCD inclusion compound gels exhibited higher accumulative dissolution rate than the volatile oils gels,which tended to be consistent in 150-210 min,but the former exhibited higher accmulative release rate (0-50 h) than the latter all the time.The obtained gels showed good stability at low temperature,whose appearance,characteristic (except for high temperature) and pH were stable at high temperature,strong light and acceleration with obviously decreased 2-undecanone content.CONCLUSION The thermosensitive intestinal gels of Houttuynia cordata Thunb volatile oils HPCD inclusion compound should be stored at low temperature (4 ℃).

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2185-2189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698680

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Nano-silver is a new antibacterial material developed based on nano-technology. It is characterized as stable physical and chemical properties, and good electrical, optical, and catalytic performance, but its antibacterial response to Staphylococcus aureus is controversial. OBJECTIVE:To explore the preparation methods of nano-silver coating on pure titanium surface and to explore its antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS:(1) Preparation of nano-silver coating on the surface of pure titanium: Hydroxyapatite and silver powder as research objects were fully mixed at a ratio of 20:1. The mixture was ball-milled to ensure the formation of nanosized particles. The mixture of hydroxyapatite and silver powder was put into a stirrer for continuous stirring to ensure the uniform distribution. The mixture was then placed in an ethanol solution followed by insertion of a titanium plate (anode) and a stainless steel plate (cathode). The precipitated powder was obtained on the titanium surface at a voltage of 20 V, and the pure titanium surface with nano-silver coating was prepared after heat treatment in a tube resistance furnace. (2) Observation of antibacterial properties: A minimal inhibitory concentration test was used to determine the antibacterial concentration of the nano-silver coating on the pure titanium surface when shaken with Staphylococcus aureus. A scanning electron microscope was used to observe the structure of Staphylococcus aureus on the pure titanium surface with nano-silver coatings of different mass concentrations. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Nano-silver/hydroxyapatite composite coating and hydroxyapatite coating were relatively uniform. The nano-silver/hydroxyapatite composite coating was white in color but slightly yellowish. The hydroxyapatite coating was white in color. The coating surface was rough and bonded firmly. No peeling of the coating was observed under gross observation. The antibacterial ability of the nano-silver group at 37℃ static culture and at 37℃ shaking culture was significantly higher than that of the hydroxy-apatite group (P<0.05). The absorbance value of Staphylococcus aureus at 600 nm in the nano-silver group was lower than that of hydroxyapatite group at 7, 10, 30 hours after intervention (P<0.05). The layer cells on the nano-silver coating become lighter in color compared with those on the hydroxyapatite coating and there were cells that ruptured and died. The number of Staphylococcus aureus on the nano-silver coating was reduced, and a large number of vacuoles were found. These findings indicate that the 20:1 mixture of hydroxyapatite and silver at micron level can be used to prepare nano-silver coating through ball milling, water bath, ultrasound and heat treatment. The prepared coating can exert excellent antibacterial effects on Staphylococcus aureus.

18.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 436-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737221

ABSTRACT

Activation of acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) plays an important role in neuroinflammation.Macrophage recruitment to the sites of inflammation is an essential step in host defense.ASIC 1 and ASIC3 have been reported to mediate the endocytosis and maturation of bone marrow derived macrophages.However,the expression and inflammation-related functions of ASICs in RAW 264.7 cells,another common macrophage,are still elusive.In the present study,we first demonstrated the presence of ASIC 1,ASIC2a and ASIC3 in RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line by using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),Western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments.The non-specific ASICs inhibitor amiloride and specific homomeric ASIC 1 a blocker PcTx 1 reduced the production of iNOS and COX-2 by LPS-induced activating RAW 264.7 cells.Furthermore,not only amiloride but also PcTx 1 inhibited the migration and LPS-induced apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells.Taken together,our findings suggest that ASICs promote the inflammatory response and apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells,and ASICs may serve as a potential novel target for immunological disease therapy.

19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 436-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735753

ABSTRACT

Activation of acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) plays an important role in neuroinflammation.Macrophage recruitment to the sites of inflammation is an essential step in host defense.ASIC 1 and ASIC3 have been reported to mediate the endocytosis and maturation of bone marrow derived macrophages.However,the expression and inflammation-related functions of ASICs in RAW 264.7 cells,another common macrophage,are still elusive.In the present study,we first demonstrated the presence of ASIC 1,ASIC2a and ASIC3 in RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line by using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),Western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments.The non-specific ASICs inhibitor amiloride and specific homomeric ASIC 1 a blocker PcTx 1 reduced the production of iNOS and COX-2 by LPS-induced activating RAW 264.7 cells.Furthermore,not only amiloride but also PcTx 1 inhibited the migration and LPS-induced apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells.Taken together,our findings suggest that ASICs promote the inflammatory response and apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells,and ASICs may serve as a potential novel target for immunological disease therapy.

20.
Food Sci. Technol (SBCTA, Impr.) ; 37(4): 620-626, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892208

ABSTRACT

Abstract Physical-chemical and rheological properties of pork batters as affected by replacing pork back-fat with pre-emulsified sesame oil were investigated. Replacement of pork back-fat with pre-emulsified sesame oil, improved L* value, moisture and protein content, hardness, cohesiveness, and chewiness, declined a* value, fat content and energy, but not affect cooking yield. When used pre-emulsified sesame oil to replace pork back-fat 50%, the sample had the highest L* value and texture. According to the results of dynamic rheological, replaced pork back-fat by pre-emulsified sesame oil increased the storage modulus (G') values at 80 °C, and formed firm gel. The result of Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) shown that the batters with pre-emulsified sesame oil had higher water holding capacity than the control. Overall, the batters with pre-emulsified sesame oil enabled lowering of fat and energy contents, making the pork batter had better texture.

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