Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the intervention effects of aquatic therapeutic exercise on functioning and quality of life for children and youth with cerebral palsy within framework of World Health Organization Family International Classifications using systematic review. Methods:Literatures were retrieved and reviewed from the databases of Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, OVID, EBSCO, CMCI, CNKI, Wangfang and VIP until May, 2020. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about aquatic therapeutic exercise for children and youth with cerebral palsy for functioning were systematically reviewed. The data were analyzed with RevMan 5.3. Results:Nine RCTs were selected, including 162 children and youth. The score of Gross Motor Function Measure improved significantly after aquatic exercise (WMD = 6.31, 95 %CI 2.57 to 10.06, P < 0.001), as well as daily activities and quality of life. Conclusion:Aquatic therapeutic exercise can help improve the gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy, and has positive effects on function of activity and quality of life.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the competency model of physical therapists in China. Methods:A set of physical therapists' competency elements was established based on literature review and expert interviews. A questionnaire was designed based on the set, and 641 rehabilitation practitioners were investigated (521 valid questionnaires returned) with the questionnaire. Exploration factor analysis was used to construct the competency model of physical therapists, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to confirmed. Results:The set of physical therapists' competency elements included 74 elements in four dimensions. There were 44 competency elements in the competency model of physical therapists, including five dimensions that were Professionalism and Moral Conduct, Knowledge and Skills of Evaluation and Intervention, Abilities of Educational-Research and Advocate, Abilities of Cooperation and Management, and Basic Knowledge of Discipline, covering 74.41% of the total variance. The Cronbach's α coefficient of the whole questionnaire and each dimension was more than 0.8. Model fitness indexes of confirmatory factor analysis were as follow: χ2/df = 2.340, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.060, Goodness of Fit Index = 0.746, Normed Fit Index = 0.811, Incremental Fit Index = 0.850, Comparative Fit Index = 0.850. Conclusion:The competency model can provide a basis for physical therapists to become independent occupation, as well as for the education, selection, evaluation of physical therapists in China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a teamwork model, Partnership Rehabilitation Therapy (PRT), for therapists in critical wards for patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and observe its effect. Methods:PRT had been developed, in which one therapist (main) implementing therapy and another (assistant) monitoring and supporting in the treatment. Eleven COVID-19 patients from infectious critical ward were treated with PRT. The behavior safety of therapists was recorded during the treatment, and the patients were assessed with Borg Index, Cough Score, Miller Sputum Grading and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0 before and after treatment. Results:No physiotherapist was infected by COVID-19. Seven times of infection risks were recorded and avoided, and six times of treatment risks were corrected instantly. All the patients improved in Borg Index (P < 0.01), Cough Score (P < 0.05), Miller Sputum Grading (P = 0.02) and WHODAS 2.0 (P < 0.01) after a 1-week physical therapy. Conclusion:Based on the Family International Classifications, a teamwork model is established, which provides a safe and practicable way for rehabilitation for COVID-19 patients in critical wards.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze rehabilitation of functioning of mobility for critically ill patients based on the framework of the World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs). Methods:A scoping review of rehabilitation of functioning of mobility for critically ill patients had been conducted. Literatures on early mobilization or rehabilitation in the field of critical illness from databases of Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang up to February 28, 2021 were retrieved. The diseases, functioning, rehabilitation intervention, functioning evaluation and environment of patients in critical ward had been reviewed. Results:Based on WHO-FICs framework, this paper reviewed literatures in five dimensions: the type of diseases, functioning, rehabilitation intervention, functioning evaluation and environment factors. The diseases included respiratory system diseases (MD10-MD6Y), neurological system diseases (MB40-MB9Y), cardiovascular system diseases (MC80-MC9Y), post-surgical (MD80-ME4Y, ME60-ME6Y, ME80-MF1Y), and others (NA00-NF2Z, MA00-MA3Y, 1G40-1G41). The functioning included movement-related structures (s720-s760), neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions (b710-b740), mobility (d4), self-care (d5), and remunerative employment (d850). The rehabilitation interventions were divided into three categories based on the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI) β-3: therapeutic, preventive, and health promotion interventions. The evaluation of functioning mainly involved joint mobility, muscle strength, muscle tone, de Morton Mobility Index, Functional Status Score for Intensive Care Unit (FSS-ICU), 6-Minute Walking Test (6WMT), intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and so on. The intensive care environment was also discussed using ICF environment factors. Conclusion:This paper proposed a framework of rehabilitation of mobility for critically ill patients based on the WHO-FICs. It focused on respiratory system disease, neurological system diseases, cardiovascular system diseases, post-surgical with mobility dysfunction. To implement interventions in therapeutic, preventive, and health promotion to optimize patients' function, and to prevent complications and secondary dysfunction, and improve their well-being.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the theory and methods of integrating sports into modern health service systems. Methods:Based on the theory of World Health Organization modern health service systems and the policy guideline Rehabilitation in Health Service Systems, we analyzed how to promote the integration of sports into modern health service systems in six areas: leadership and governance capacity, financing, health human resources, service delivery, medical technology and health information systems, systematically analyzed the key elements and requirements for integrating physical education and sports into the health service system in the four segments of the health service continuum: prevention, intervention, rehabilitation and health promotion. Results:The goal of building a human-centered, cross-sectoral and multidisciplinary health service system was proposed, requiring the promotion of the integration of medicine and sports, the use of sports intervention as a method of health intervention, the development of service technologies and standards for the integration of sports and health; the training of professionals who master sports intervention and sports rehabilitation, and the development of information systems to promote the development of the integration of sports and health services. Conclusion:Sports is an important mean of health and an important part of modern health services. Starting from the components of the health service system, we can build a theoretical and methodological system for integrating sports into the modern health service system, so as to promote the realization of a health service system covering the whole population and the whole life cycle, achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; and realize the goals related to "Healthy China".

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905168

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To systematically analyze the framework and contents of World Health Organization (WHO) policy and action strategies on rehabilitation using the theory of WHO health service components, to explore the theoretical bases, methodology, framework and core elements of WHO's international rehabilitation policy. Methods:WHO has launched rehabilitation-related policy documents, mainly including Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Rehabilitation in Health Systems: Guide for Action, Rehabilitation Indicator Menu: a tool accompanying the Framework for Rehabilitation Monitoring and Evaluation (FRAME), Template for Rehabilitation Information Collection (TRIC): a tool accompanying the Systematic Assessment of Rehabilitation Situation (STARS), and established systems of international rehabilitation policy architecture system. Using content analysis, this study analyzed in detail the theoretical basis and methodology of international rehabilitation policy, the policy framework, and the core elements of the action strategy and priority areas of rehabilitation service development in perspective of WHO six building blocks of health system, namely leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information systems. Results:WHO rehabilitation policy is developed based on WHO's theories of person-centered health services, social determinants of health, and functioning, disability and health of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. WHO rehabilitation policy recognized that the development of rehabilitation was an important pathway achieving United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals 3, ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, i.e. Unlversal Health Coverage. This paper systematically analyzed WHO's international policy framework, action strategies, and development areas, content and priorities in six major areas: leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medicine and technology, and health information systems. WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to develop national rehabilitation plans, to establish and improve rehabilitation leaderships and the development of mechanism and capacity of rehabilitation governance, to develop multiple approaches of rehabilitation financing, to integrate rehabilitation into health service system, provides different levels of rehabilitation services in the health service continuum, and to build networks of service delivery, to train professionals, to foster rehabilitation information system within health system, to enhance service quality and service coverage, to focus on key areas and priority programs to meet the diverse needs of different populations, and achieve universal health coverage; to include assistive technology into the rehabilitation service system as a field of medicine and technology; and to collect information on functioning and rehabilitation needs, outcomes and impacts of rehabilitation services in the health information system, and conduct evidence-based researches on rehabilitation systems. Conclusion:The framework and contents of WHO's international rehabilitation policies have systematically reviewed at the macro, meso, and micro levels with the perspective of WHO six building blocks of the health system. The goal of rehabilitation development is to achieve universal rehabilitation coverage. The conceptual theories of rehabilitation are based on the theories of people-centered health services and social determinants of health. Rehabilitation is an important initiative to achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The international rehabilitation health policy system is built on six major areas of rehabilitation: leadership and governance, rehabilitation financing, rehabilitation human resources, rehabilitation service delivery, rehabilitation-related medicine and technology, and rehabilitation and health information system. The policy and action strategies for rehabilitation development, as well as specific implementation paths and methods, at macro, meso and micro levels: theory and policy, policy action, and implementation methods and tools have been reviewed and discussed. The implementation of the WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to take the following actions: strengthening the leadership, governance, planning and coordination capacity of rehabilitation services; constructing a reasonable rehabilitation financing mechanism and raising necessary funds for rehabilitation; improving the training and guarantee mechanism of rehabilitation human resources; enhancing the professional capacity of rehabilitation personnel, improving the capacity of rehabilitation service delivery and improving service quality; improving the quality and accessibility of assistive products and assistive technology services; establishing health information system covering functioning, disability and rehabilitation, and conducting scientific researches on rehabilitation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905755

ABSTRACT

framework and approaches of development and research of guidelines of rehabilitation at levels of policies,community and services.Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, WHO World Report on Disability, Community-basedRehabilitation Guideline, Rehabilitation in Health Service System, and International Classification of Diseases (ICD), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and International Classification of Health Intervention (ICHI) of WHO-FICs, had been discussed.description of diseases and functioning, interventions and evaluations for the development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines had been developed. Objective:To use World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) to explore the Methods:The important documents and tools of rehabilitation at international level, including United Nations Results:The framework, classifications, diagnosis and description of diseases and functioning, coding, intervention and functioning evaluation based on ICD-11, ICF and ICHI-β-2 had been established for development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines and Cochrane rehabilitation. Conclusion:The framework and systematic approaches of ontology, classification, terminology, coding, diagnosis and

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905737

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion:Voice disorders are classified to Voice Disturbance (MA82), within the category of Symptoms or Signs Involving Speech or Voice. Voice disorders may be symptoms or signs of Speech Disturbance (MA80), Malignant Neoplasms of Larynx (2C23), Intracerebral Haemorrhage (8B00), Oedema of Larynx (CA0H.3), and the others. Voice disorder is impairment at body function, and influence activity and participation (d3, d7, d8 and d9), which may involve in environmental and personal factors. The evaluation of voice function involes in production of voice (b3100) and quality of voice (b3101). A structured rehabilitation solution has been developed with the interventions at body structure, body function, activities and participation, environmental factors and personal factors, including assessment (assessment, test, observation), training and treatment (training, assisting), educational counseling (education, advicing, counseling), and support (psychological and social). Objective:To explore diagnosis and assessment of voice function and develop a framework of rehabilitation for it based on International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). Methods:The diagnostic criteria of voice disorders and its complications were discussed with ICD-11 and ICF. The tools of assessment were analysed with ICF. A comprehensive intervention system was developed for the rehabilitation of voice function based on the joint use of ICF and ICHI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905736

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion:Articulation disorder for children is classified to Developmental Speech Sound Disorder (6A01.0). It involves in the eye, ear and related structures (s2), structures involved in voice and speech (s3), especially structure of external ear (s240), structure of middle ear (s250) and structure of inner ear (s260); voice and speech functions (b3), especially articulation functions (b320); communication (d3), learning and applying knowledge (d1), interpersonal interactions and relationships (d7), and community, social and civic life (d9), especially speaking (d330), conversation (d350), using communication devices and techniques (d360) and acquiring language (d133). The assessment of articulation disorder should be covered articulation accuracy and motor function of articulation. A holistic rehabilitation solution for children with articulation disorder has been developed, involving in body structure, body function, activities and participation, and environmental factors, including assessment, training and treatment, educational counseling, and psychological and social support. Objective:To explore the diagnosis of diseases and functioning of articulation function and conduct content analysis of assessment tools in Chinese, and to construct framework of rehabilitation solution based on International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (Children and Youth version) (ICF-CY) and International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). Methods:The diagnosis of disease and functioning was discussed with ICD-11 and ICF. The assessment tools were analyzed with ICF. A holistic rehabilitation solution was constructed with ICF and ICHI.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905735

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion:The core diagnostical terms of communication disorder for children include Primary Pragmatic Language Impairment of Developmental Language Disorder, Communication, Communicating-Receiving, and Communicating-Production, etc. Communication disorder is a typical disorder of limited social interaction and a typical manifestation of developmental retardation for children, named Developmental Language Disorder Main Companion Pragmatic Language Impairment (6A01.22), subclass of Developmental Language Disorder (6A01). Communication disorders involve in speech-related body structures and functions, activity and participation, environmental factors and personal factors; such as communication (d3), including communicating-receiving (d310-d329), communicating-production (d330-d349), conversation and use of communication devices and techniques (d350-d369), and health-related behaviors. The structured framework of rehabilitation intervention involves in body function and structure, activity and participation, environmental factors and personal factors; includes assessment, training and treatment, educational counseling, and psychological and social support. Objective:To explore the definition and core terminology of communication disorders for children, establish the diagnostic criteria and functional assessment criteria of communication disorder, and develop a holistic rehabilitation solution for it based on International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (Children and Youth version) (ICF-CY) and International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI). Methods:Core definition and terminology of communication disorder were analysed with ICD-11, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V (DSM-V). The diagnostical criteria of communication disorders for children were analyzed using the ICD-11. The functioning diagnostical criteria of communication disorders for children were explored using ICF-CY. A holistic rehabilitation solution was developed based on ICF-CY and ICHI.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905734

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the background, framework and approach, contents and implementation of WHO Rehabilitation in Health System using approaches of ICF and WHO Handbook for Guideline Development. The actions and significances of implementations of seven recommendations and one good practice statements on assistive products had been discussed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and related factors of unmet needs of nursing care and service for adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities. Methods:A total of 127 547 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities were sampled. Descriptive statistics and multiple response analysis were conducted, and a structural equation model of unmet needs of nursing care and received the services was developed. Results:A total of 26 038 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs of rehabilitation, including nursing care (52.50%), medicine (36.90%), assistive device (20.90%), functional training (19.70%) and surgery (0.80%) respectively. A total of 11 640 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported received rehabilitation services, including nursing care (49.90%), medicine (36.80%), functional training (19.10%), assistive device (14.10%) and surgery (1.00%) respectively. The structural equation model showed that received nursing care service (main effect = 0.646) and received rehabilitation services (included nursing care) (main effect = 0.014), age (main effect = 0.031), household registration (main effect = 0.015) and educational level (main effect = -0.158) had effects on unmet needs of nursing care (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs mainly involved in field of nursing care, and their rehabilitation services mapped to their main needs. It proposed to develop rehabilitation services tailored to their rehabilitation experience, age, socioeconomic status, functional conditions and characteristic of unmet needs, to develop accessible services items and individualized nursing care programs, and to expand the nursing care service supply and coverage of nursing care.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and the influential factors of unmet needs and services development of rehabilitation for people with extremely severe hearing disability (PSHDs). Methods:A total of 90 052 PSHDs were included. Multiple response was used to analyze the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation. The structural equation model of the received service and unmet needs of PSHDs was developed. Results:The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (61.5%), nursing care (24.1%), medicine (23.4%), functional training (17.6%) and surgery (2.5%). The reporting rate of received service for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (58.3%), nursing care (24.4%), medicine (22.4%), functional training (22.0%) and surgery (2.2%). Structural Equation Model showed that the more services received, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001); the better family income situation, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery (P < 0.001); and age factor had significant effects on the unmet needs of cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PSHDs reported unmet needs and received services mainly included assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and functional rehabilitation training. Those PSHDs who had received services would report more demand of unmet needs, supposed that improving the accessibility and coverage of services should be emphasized in the development of rehabilitation services. According to ICF model, on the basis of the characteristics of the unmet needs of PSHDs, it proposed to take measures to implement precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with intellectual disability (PIDs). Methods:A total of 250 654 PIDs had been sampled and administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level had been analyzed the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services were analyzed with Logistic Regression. Results:The rate of unmet needs reported by PIDs from high to low were nursing (47.8%), medicine (37.2%), functional training (26.1%), assistive devices (19.8%) and surgery (1.3%). The PIDs reported received service of rehabilitation, including nursing care (43.5%), medicine (29.3%), functional training (27.2%), assistive devices (19.6%) and surgery (0.8%). Logistic Regression Model showed that age and severity of disabilities significantly affect the reported the unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PIDs reported unmet needs mainly involved in the fields of nursing care, medicine and rehabilitation training and therapy. The unmet needs and received services had similar structure. It proposed to develop rehabilitation services tailored to PIDs' intellectual function and adaptive behaviors to develop services items and to deliver individualized and precise services.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with hearing disability (PHD). Methods:A total of 219 473 PHDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled (2019) and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation with multiple response analysis, and the related factors of needs and services with Logistic regression. Results:There were 47 657 (21.7%) PHDs reported their unmet needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (65.5%), medicine (22.7%), nursing care (19.1%), functional training (16.2%) and surgery (2.2%). There were 34 684 (18.8%) PHDs reported their received services, from high to low were assistive devices (59.8%), medicine (22.5%), functional training (19.7%), nursing care (19.4%) and surgery (1.8%). The logistic regression model showed that age, types of household registration and severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PHDs mainly reported unmet needs in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and rehabilitation training. The reported unmet needs for PHDs had matched the received services structurally. It proposed to use modern science and technology to develop services delivery and to improve accessibility and quality of rehabilitation services.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of needs and development of rehabilitation services for people with visual disability (PVD). Methods:A total of 241 865 PVDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:There were 50 882 (21.0%) PVDs reported their needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (56.5%), medicine (29.0%), nursing care (24.6%), functional training (15.5%), and surgery (4.2%). There were 43 492 (18.0%) PVDs reported their received services of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (55.0%), medicine (21.6 %), nursing care (20.8%), functional training (20.7%) and surgery (2.3%). The logistic regression model showed that severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PVDs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and nursing care. There is match structure of unmet needs and received services. It is important to provide accessible information environment. Information and communication technology (ICT) are proposed to assistive technology services for PVDs to enhance their capacity of information acquisition and to promote their participations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with physical disabilities (PWPs). Methods:A total of 1 512 438 PWPs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:The reported unmet needs of PWPs from high to low were assistive devices assistive devices (55.9%), nursing care (27.0%), medicine (26.3%), functional training (23.9%) and surgery (2.3%). Received service of rehabilitation. The services of rehabilitation for PWPs arranged as assistive devices (48.2%), nursing caring (26.4%), functional training (24.3%), medicine (19.5%) and surgery (1.4%). The logistic regression model showed that age and severity of disabilities had significant effect on the reported unmet needs of rehabilitation and received services for PWPs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PWPs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and rehabilitation training. They received primary services included assistive devices, nursing care and rehabilitation training and therapies. The services development will emphasize the accessibility and coverage. According to ICF model, it proposed to take measures to implement individualized and precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, and characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for children with disabilities (CWDs). Methods:A total of 130 290 CWDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level had been sampled and analyzed. Results:CWDs accounted for 5.33% of the total population with disabilities, in which, 60.4% were boys and 39.6% were girls; 16.3% aged 0 to nine years and 83.7% were seven to 18 years old; 88.4% with agricultural household and 11.6% with non-agricultural household. The distribution of disability severity from severe to mild were 28.3%, 39.5%, 17.7% and 14.6%. The reported unmet needs included assistive devices (40.3%), functional training (37.4%), nursing care (32.2%), medicine (24.9%) and surgery (5.7%). The received services involved in assistive devices (37.9%), functional training (33.7%), nursing care (31.0%), medicine (19.7%) and surgery (2.9%). Logistic Regression model showed that severities of disabilities had significant effects on reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Implement rehabilitation programs would be tailored to the unmet needs of rehabilitation as CWDs had functioning oriented unmet needs. It proposed to develop individualized and structured rehabilitation services to improve the accessibility and quality of rehabilitation for CWDs.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation and their related factors for adults with disabilities (AWDs). Methods:A total of 2 315 498 AWDs were sampled from the provincial level administration data (2019). Multiple response analysis was used to analysis the disability status of AWDs, characteristics of unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation, and related factors were explored with Logistic regression. Results:The distribution of disabilities for AWDs from high to low were physical disabilities (62.2%), visual disabilities (9.9%), intellectual disabilities (8.4%), mental disorders (7.3%), hearing disabilities (6.9%), multiple disabilities (2.8%) and speech disabilities (2.5%). The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (49.0%), medicine (33.3%), nursing care (27.7%), functional training (20.2%) and surgery (1.9%). The reporting rate of received service for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (44.1%), nursing care (26.6%), medicine (25.9%), functional training (22.2%) and surgery (1.3%). The logistic regression model shown that types and severities of disabilities had significant effects on unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation for AWDs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:The reporting of unmet needs for AWDs had been influenced by their functioning and disability. There were gaps between unmet needs and received services. It proposed to develop precise and individualized reporting of unmet needs and service programs for AWDs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the policies and theoretical fundamental, the categories and amount of activities, benefits and influential factors of international and national physical activity guidelines for children, to provide theoretical and method guidance for the development and implementation of relevant guidelines. Methods:Six guidelines of physical activity for children issued by the World Health Organization (WHO), China, United States, Australia and Canada (2 sets) were included, analyzed and coded using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). The policy background, theories, evidence-based methods, recommended activities, activity volume, benefits and influential factors of the guidelines were discussed. Results:There were relevant backgrounds of health policies and theoretical fundamentals for the development of these guidelines. The recommended categories of physical activities involved the activities of fitness, skills and sports. The amount of activity all the guidelines recommended was at least 60 minutes of moderate to high intensity activity per day, and vigorous-intensity or musculoskeletal enhancement activities at least three times a week. Physical activities had benefit for children in the fields of development and maxima of functioning, promotion of activities and participation, formation of good habits of life, establishment of healthy lifestyles, and improvement of the relevant environmental factors. Conclusion:It is useful to analyze and compare the contents of guidelines of physical activities for children using framework, terminology and coding systems of ICF-CY. Both international and national guidelines of physical activity for children are developed in relevant health policies backgrounds and health-related theories. There are three types of physical activity for children aligning to ICF-CY: fitness, skills and sports. All guidelines recommended moderate to high level intensity of activity. Children can gain from physical activities for the development of exercise habits and active lifestyles. Accessible environments are recommended, including Products and Technology, Natural Environment and Human-Made Changes to Environment, Support and Relationships, Attitudes, and Services, Systems and Policies.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL