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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404782


Objective To prepare a thrombus-targeted ultrasonic contrast agent and to investigate its targeted ability to fresh blood clots. Methods We first synthesized FITC-KGDS-Palm compound, and then prepared thrombus-targeted microbubbles using "ultrasound & high speed shearing method".Fluorescence labeling thrombus-specific peptides and KGDS,directed at the activated glycoprotein(GP)Ⅱb/Ⅲa receptor of platelets were attached to the surface of lipid microbubbles. The concentration and size of TUCA were measured by Malvern Zeta Sizer Nano-ZS590 and Coulter counter.Immunofluorescence was applied to confirm the conjugation.The conjunct ratio was assessed by flow cytometer (FCM).Results The KGDS-TUCA was straw yellow turbid liquor,and the concentration was 1.5×10~9/mL,and the average size was 1.5 μm. The targeted microbubbles conjugated with the thrombus-specific peptides showed bright green rings by fluorescence microscope.FCM demonstrated that the wavelength of shell of KGDS-TUCA changed greatly,and the conjunct ratio was 90.04%.In vitro study showed KGDS-TUCA remained stable for 48 h at 4 ℃ and target-attached to blood clots and showed good stability.Conclusion The ultrasound & high speed shearing method to prepare TUCA is easy and in favor of purification.KGDS-TUCA has high specific biological activity.The conjunct ratio and stability of KGDS-TUCA are excellent.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401098


Objective To assess value of contrast enhanced ultrasonography(CEUS)in diagnosis of extracranial carotid stenosis.Methods Baseline ultrasonography and CEUS were performed in 108 patients with extracranial carotid stenosis.The location and degree of stenosis were judged and compared with the results of digital subtraction angiography(DSA).Results Of 108 patients,DSA diagnosed 81 vessels in 62 cases of mildintermediate stenosis which consisted of 33 common carotid arteries(CCAs),43 internal carotid arteries(ICAs)and 5 external carotid arteries(ECAS),51 vessels in 39 cases Of severe stenosis(46 ICAs and 5 CCAs)and 7vessels in 7 cases of complete occlusion(7 ICAs).The surface of intima and the interface of media-adventitia were depicted clearly by CEUS.The consistent rates in diagnosis on mild-intermediate stenosis,severe stenosis and complete obstruction by baseline ultrasonography and CEUS were 76.5%and 9 1.4%(P<0.05).60.8%and94.1%(P<0.001),28.6%and 100%(P<0.05)respectively when judged by DSA as the golden standard.CEUS and DSA were correlated significantly on calculating the stenosis rate(r=0.975,P<0.001).Conclusions CEUS can assess the degree of extracranial carotid stenosis accurately and non-invasively which is superior to baseline ultrasonography and correlated significantly with DSA.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399310


Objective To investigate the imaging characteristics and differentiating value of hepatic perfusion disorders(HPD)in small focal liver lesions(≤3 cm),the transient hepatic hyperechoic enhancement(THHE),with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography(CEUS)during arterial phase and explore the potential mechanism.Methods Two hundred and sixty-eight small foeal liver lesions found in 215 patients who had undergone CEUS were retrospectively evaluated in this study.Hepatic parenchymal THHEs around those lesions were diagnosed and the CEUS characteristics as well as the detecting rate related to different lesions were analyzed.Results Forty-five among 268 lesions(16.8%)showed surrounding THHEs during CEUS and they exhibited fast wash-in to form hyperechoic area of different shape and range and then those area became fast washout to be isoechoic in contrast with peripheral liver parenchyma.According to the imaging morphology,THHEs could be divided into four types:type Ⅰ,wedge-or fan-shaped(51.1%);type Ⅱ,encircling-shaped(20.0%);type Ⅲ,nodule-like-shaped(11.1%);type Ⅳ,irregular-shaped(17.8%).According to the pathology,the liver focal lesions could be divided into three groups:benign group,which consisted of 88 lesions and 8(9.1%)lesions showed surrounding THHEs of which 87.5% presented type Ⅲ and Ⅳ;malignant group,which consisted of 141 lesions and 31(22.0%)lesions showed surrounding THHEs of which 67.7% presented type Ⅰ;tumor-like lesions group,which consisted of 39 lesions and 6(15.4%)lesions showed surrounding THHEs of which 66.7% presented type Ⅱ.There was significant difference in the composition of THHEs type among three groups(P<0.001).The detecting rate of THHEs in benign group was lower than that in other groups(P<0.05).Conclusions THHEs showed with CEUS in small liver focal lesions are representation of HPD and have different detecting rate and imaging morphology type in different lesions.It is very important to recognize and distinguish THHEs surrounding focal lesions,which could help to make differential diagnosis,avoid incorrect diagnosis and judge the size of lesions correctly.