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China Pharmacy ; (12): 1926-1930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980582


OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of centralized volume-based procurement policy (hereinafter referred to as “centralized procurement”) on the use of anti-tumor drugs in medical institutions. METHODS The interrupted time series model was used to analyze the changes in the monthly purchase volume and purchase amount of docetaxel, gemcitabine and pemetrexed disodium in a third-grade class-A cancer hospital in Shanxi province from January 2018 to December 2021. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS After the implementation of the centralized procurement policy, both the selected drugs and the non-selected drugs had different degrees of price reduction, and the price reduction of the selected drugs was far greater than that of the non- selected drugs; average monthly purchase volume and amount of docetaxel decreased significantly in that month after the implementation of the policy, while those of gemcitabine and pemetrexed disodium increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After the implementation of the policy, the average monthly purchase volume and amount of gemcitabine showed a downward trend, while those of docetaxel and pemetrexed disodium showed an upward trend (P<0.05 or P<0.01). It is suggested that hospitals should strengthen pharmaceutical administration, and avoid adopting a “one size fits all” approach to non-selected drugs; relevant departments should further expand the collection range of anti-tumor drugs or carry out special collection of anti-tumor drugs, so as to save medical insurance funds and reduce medical expenses.

Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 400-406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993206


Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost in the treatment of brain metastases of lung cancer.Methods:Forty lung cancer patients with brain metastases who received whole-brain radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost and hippocampal avoidance in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2014 to 2020 were enrolled in this study. Brain MRI, survival follow-up and evaluation of side effects were performed before radiotherapy and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after radiotherapy, respectively. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and changes in cognitive function were analyzed. Continuous data were described as Mean ± SD. Categorical data were described by frequency and composition ratio or percentage. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan-Meier method. Influencing factors of survival were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox's regression analyses.Results:A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study. The median follow-up time was 14.2 months and the median OS, PFS and intracranial PFS of all patients were 14.8 months, 6.7 months and 14.8 months, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender and newly diagnosed stage Ⅳ disease were associated with worse OS and PFS, respectively. The Hopkins verbal learning test-revised (HVLT-R) scores at baseline and 1, 3 and 6 months after radiotherapy were 21.94±2.99, 20.88±3.12, 20.03±3.14, and 19.78±2.98, respectively. The HVLT-R score at 6 months after radiotherapy was decreased by approximately 9.8% compared with the baseline. No grade 3 or above toxic and side effect occurred in the entire cohort.Conclusion:Hippocampal avoidance whole-brain irradiation with simultaneous integrated boost is a safe and effective treatment for brain metastases of lung cancer, which is expected to reduce the impact of radiotherapy on cognitive function.

The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 222-229, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919215


Background/Aims@#To evaluate the effect and possible mechanism of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) on chondrocytes of osteoarthritis (OA). @*Methods@#Articular chondrocytes were cultured and the expression of GHRH receptor in chondrocytes was detected. Then recombinant adenovirus GHRH (Ad- GHRH) was transfected to one group of chondrocytes. The expression of collagen type II, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in each experimental group was determined by Western blot. @*Results@#The GHRH receptor was expressed in chondrocytes, and this provided a basis for further study of the role of GHRH in chondrocytes. Cell proliferation of the Ad-GHRH group was significantly higher than that of the OA group by CCK-8 assay. Compared with the OA-group, the protein expression of MMP‑13 was decreased in the Ad-GHRH group. Compared with the OA-group, the protein expression of collagen type II, phosphorylated STAT3 (P-STAT3) were increased in the Ad-GHRH group. @*Conclusions@#Our results show that the GHRH receptor is expressed in chondrocytes. GHRH can promote the proliferation of chondrocytes and the synthesis of type II collagen, and increase the extracellular matrix, which is achieved by phosphorylated STAT3 protein.

Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 217-221, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885711


Objective:To explore the preoperative diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN).Methods:Data of 62 patients with IPMN confirmed by pathology who underwent EUS before surgery from 2008 to 2018 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were analyzed. Characteristics that could distinguish low-grade dysplasia (LGD), high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and invasive carcinoma (IC) were explored. A scoring system based on EUS findings was established to determine the preoperative pathology of IPMN by using logistic model.Results:Of the 62 patients, 15 (24.2%) were diagnosed as having LGD, 20 (32.3%) HGD and 27 (43.5%) IC. Univariate analysis showed that the size of mural nodules and width of main pancreatic duct (MPD) were predictive factors for IPMN pathology. The possibility of higher pathological grading would increase 8% for every 1 mm increment in mural nodules. Multivariate analysis showed that only mural nodules≥5 mm ( OR=7.31, 95% CI : 2.49-21.40, P<0.001) was an independent risk factor to distinguish LGD, HGD and IC. Mural nodules≥5 mm, main pancreatic duct (MPD)≥10 mm and mural nodules <5 mm were assigned 2 points, 1 point and 1 point, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) of the EUS scoring system to distinguish benign and malignant IPMN were 0.830, 0.867, and 0.867, respectively. Conclusion:Preoperative EUS helps to distinguish LGD, HGD and IC. The size of mural nodules and the width of MPD are vital risk factors to distinguish benign and malignant IPMN.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 355-357, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436382


Objective To investigate the feasibility of C.trachomatis culture in HaCaT human keratinocytes.Methods According to the procedure for C.trachomatis culture in McCoy cells,clinical swab specimens and standard strains of C.trachomatis serotype E were inoculated into HaCaT cells.Iodine staining,a fluorescent monoclonal antibody test and PCR amplification of the endogenous plasmid of C.trachomatis were performed to detect the growth of C.trachomatis in HaCaT cells.Five passages of subculture were carried out for the standard strain of C.trachomatis serotype E in HaCaT cells,and inclusion bodies were counted after each passage.One-factor analysis of variance was conducted by using the software SPSS17 to determine if C.trachomatis was propagated in HaCaT cells.Results Iodine staining showed typical inclusion bodies of C.trachomatis in the cytoplasm of HaCaT cells.Yellow fluorescence-labeled granules were observed in the HaCaT cells under a microscope.Endogenous plasmids of C.rachomatis were successfully amplified by PCR from the infected HaCaT cells.The number of inclusions in HaCaT cells gradually increased at passage 1 through 5.Conclusions C.trachomatis is successfully cultivated in HaCaT cells in vitro,and the standard strain of C.trachomatis serotype E can propagate in HaCaT cells.

Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 583-586, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418246


Objective To investigate the binding protein of chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 capsid protein Vp1 on chlamydia trachomatis outer membrane.Methods The bacterium with recombinant plasmid Vp1/pet30a( + ) was induced.The expressed protein was purified by gel recycling.FarWestern blot was utilized to' investigate the binding protein of Vp1 on chlamydial outer membrane,including recombinant polymorphic outer membrane protein (rPmp) and major outer membrane protein (MOMP).Results The recombinant protein Vp1 was successfully expressed in E.coli.Monoclonal antibody against Vp1 was used as primary antibody in Western blot,and no specific band was present,which indicated that the monoclonal antibody did not specifically bind with any rPmp.Far-Western blot results showed that there was an obvious band for the rPmpI,but no specific band for other rPmp and MOMP,which suggested that Vp1 could specifically bind with rPmpI protein on the chlamydial outer membrane of serotype D.Conclusions There is a binding site of Vp1 on the chlamydia trachomatis outer membrane.Vp1 may play an important role in the interaction between the chlamydiaphage and the chlamydiae.