Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 150-157, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889439

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#From the perspective of positive psychology, our study aimed to explore depressive symptomsand psychological well-being among Chinese nurses, as well as analyze the impacts of characterstrengths, self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of nurses. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional and descriptive design using five self-reported questionnaires was used toinvestigate a cohort of 4238 nurses during 2018. A structural equation modeling analysis was used toverify a hypothetical model linking character strengths, self-efficacy, social support, depressive symptoms,and psychological well-being. @*Results@#The prevalence of depression among this cohort of Chinese nurses was 58.1%. The mean scoresfor caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control were 19.93 (SD = 2.82), 15.94 (SD = 3.00), and 16.34(SD = 2.95), respectively. The hypothesized model was a good fit of the data (x2/df = 1.77, p = .183, rootmean square error of approximation = 0.04, goodness of fit index = 1.00, comparative fit index = 1.00,TuckereLewis index = 1.00). Except for the path from self-control to depression, the other hypotheticalpaths investigated were statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Character strengths were directly and positively associated with psychological well-being.Inquisitiveness was the strongest direct protective factor for depression. In addition, characterstrengths indirectly alleviated depression and increased psychological well-being through mediatingvariables of social support and self-efficacy. This study should alert nurse managers that more attentionshould be paid to the character strengths and mental health of nurses. This study provides evidence forinterventions based on character strengths as a management strategy to support the mental health ofnurses.

2.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 150-157, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897143

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#From the perspective of positive psychology, our study aimed to explore depressive symptomsand psychological well-being among Chinese nurses, as well as analyze the impacts of characterstrengths, self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of nurses. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional and descriptive design using five self-reported questionnaires was used toinvestigate a cohort of 4238 nurses during 2018. A structural equation modeling analysis was used toverify a hypothetical model linking character strengths, self-efficacy, social support, depressive symptoms,and psychological well-being. @*Results@#The prevalence of depression among this cohort of Chinese nurses was 58.1%. The mean scoresfor caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control were 19.93 (SD = 2.82), 15.94 (SD = 3.00), and 16.34(SD = 2.95), respectively. The hypothesized model was a good fit of the data (x2/df = 1.77, p = .183, rootmean square error of approximation = 0.04, goodness of fit index = 1.00, comparative fit index = 1.00,TuckereLewis index = 1.00). Except for the path from self-control to depression, the other hypotheticalpaths investigated were statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Character strengths were directly and positively associated with psychological well-being.Inquisitiveness was the strongest direct protective factor for depression. In addition, characterstrengths indirectly alleviated depression and increased psychological well-being through mediatingvariables of social support and self-efficacy. This study should alert nurse managers that more attentionshould be paid to the character strengths and mental health of nurses. This study provides evidence forinterventions based on character strengths as a management strategy to support the mental health ofnurses.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 373-376, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514198

ABSTRACT

Objective To translate and revise the Individualized Care Scale-Patient Version(ICS-P) into Chinese,then to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Individualized Care Scale-Patient Version (C-ICS-P).Methods Standard forward-back translation techniques were used in the translation of the ICS-P according to the Brislin translation model.Cross-cultural revision of the translated ICS-P was carried out through group discussion and pretesting.Totally 223 patients were recruited through convenience sampling method from a tertiary hospital in Changsha and investigated using general information questionnaire and the C-ICS-P,and its reliability and validity were assessed.Results The C-ICS-P contained two subscales,and both C-ICS-P-A and C-ICS-P-B contained 3 factors explaining 61.330% and 65.263% of the total variance.The dimensions of C-ICS-P-A were clinical characteristics (6 items),personal life characteristics (4 items) and participation willingness (5 items);the dimensions of C-ICS-P-B were clinical care (6 items),personal life care (4 items) and decisional control over care (5 items).The Cronbach's α coefficients of C-ICS-P-A and its dimensions were 0.897,and 0.730~0.774;the Cronbach's α coefficients of C-ICS-P-B and its dimensions were 0.909,and 0.688~0.754.Split-half reliability was 0.856 for C-ICS-P-A and 0.688~0.754 for its dimensions;split-half reliability was 0.889 for C-ICS-P-B and 0.750~0.758 for its dimensions.Analysis of content validity of the C-ICS-P indicated that I-CVI was at least 0.83,S-CVI was 0.943.Conclusion The reliability and validity of C-ICS-P are satisfactory and well meet the requirements of psychological measurement,indicating C-ICS-P is a reliable and valid instrument in the context of Chinese culture.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815105

ABSTRACT

To translate and revise the Medication Literacy Assessment in English (MedLitRxSE-English) and evaluate its validity and reliability.
 Methods: We introduced MedLitRxSE-English from abroad. According to the principles of Brislin and culture adjustment, we revised it as a Chinese edition. Using random sampling method, from Oct, 2014 to Jan, 2015, 461 non-hospitalized patients from the outpatient departments of the top three hospitals in Changsha city were investigated. The reliability and validity of the scale was tested.
 Results: The test-retest reliability of the Chinese version for medication literacy scale was 0.885; the split reliability was 0.840; K-R was 0.820; the correlations between the assessment of medication literacy and the corresponding items were 0.427-0.587; the confirmatory factor analysis revealed overall good fit. Root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), χ2/df, goodness of fit index (GFI) and comparative fit index (CFI) was 0.08, 3.06, 0.91 and 0.94, respectively. 
 Conclusion: The Chinese version for the assessment of medication literacy is in good reliability and validity, and it can be used to evaluate the medication literacy in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Health Literacy , Humans , Language , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reference Standards , Translating
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815483

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors for allergic rhinitis and provide the scientific basis for disease control and intervention through investigation of the elementary and middle school students with allergic rhinitis in Changsha.@*METHODS@#From January to April 2012, we randomly enrolled the elementary and middle school students aged at 10-17 years old in Changsha. We explored the risk factors for allergic rhinitis by using stratified and cluster sampling survey, questionnaire investigation, physical examination, skin pricking needling experiment and statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 814 students were investigated in cluster sampling survey. The result of the incidence of allergic individual was 26.3% and the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 17.2%. Analysis of Visual Analog Scale Questionnaire (VAS) showed that allergic rhinitis exerted significant effect on student's character, memory, sleep quality, etc.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of allergic rhinitis in the elementary and middle school students aged in Changsha is 17%-20%. The incidence and development is related to environment, genetic and living habits, which affects people's character, memory and sleep quality significantly.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Prevalence , Rhinitis, Allergic , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effects of endoscopic sinus surgery on symptoms and quality of life of patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS).@*METHODS@#A survey of symptoms and quality of life was conducted using Sino-nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20) questionnaire with 76 patients before and after endoscopic sinus surgery. The overall effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on CRS was subjectively self-evaluated by patient.@*RESULTS@#After 6 months following-up, the total SNOT-20 score of patients was significantly decreased from the baseline (P<0.001). The most important 5-items were found to be "thick nasal discharge", "need to blow nose", "dizziness", "frontal pain", and "lack of a good sleep". Other items, related to sleep and emotion, were also significantly improved: the proportion of responses of "much improved", "improved" and "no-improved" were 56.3%, 33.3%, 10.4%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Endoscopic sinus surgery demonstrated positive effects on symptoms and quality of life of CRS patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Sinusitis , General Surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore medical and nursing management of postoperative complications of basicranial tumor resection through nasal endoscopy.@*METHOD@#Retrospective analysis was carried out in 178 patients with skull base tumors who underwent nasal endoscopic resection of basicranial tumors under general anesthesia, and controlled hypotension was conducted during the surgery. Different surgical approaches were applied in terms of anatomical regions which the tumor involved.@*RESULT@#Postoperative complications occurred in 87 of 178 patients, including cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, intracranial infections, diabetes insipidus, etc. Eighty-five cases with complications recovered through proper medical and nursing care, except for 2 cases of death.@*CONCLUSION@#Because there is a higher risk for nasal endoscopic basicranial procedure, doctors and nurses are required to master multidisciplinary skills and experiences. Careful and rigorous nursing care of postoperative complications is quite important for successful management of basicranial operative patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base Neoplasms , General Surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate aeroallergen spectrum and allergy positive rates of patients with child allergic rhinitis and analyze its related factors.@*METHOD@#Skin prick test was carried out in 562 cases with child allergic rhinitis using 13 inhaled allergens, and detailed history was collected in all cases.@*RESULT@#Four hundred and fifty-seven (81.3%) of 562 cases showed positive reaction to at least one allergen out of 13 allergens. The most common allergens found in patients was Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, and positive reaction was 93.1% in child allergic rhinitis, followed by tropical mite, Periplaneta americana, Blattella germanica and dog hair. The pollen allergen, most common in American and European, was pretty rare in this study. The prevalence of child allergic rhinitis was significantly higher in urban than in rural (P<0.01). There was no adverse effect appeared in children with allergic rhinitis underwent skin prick test.@*CONCLUSION@#The major allergen of allergic rhinitis is mite for child allergic rhinitis, and relates to housing enviroment. Most of patients with child allergic rhinitis can be treated by the mite specific immunotherapy. The skin prick test is a safe technique for diagnosis of children with allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , Asthma , Epidemiology , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Mites , Allergy and Immunology , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Epidemiology , Allergy and Immunology , Skin Tests
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL