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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756464

ABSTRACT

Objective Chorioamnionitis in pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes(PPROM) may lead to perinatal morbidity. There is no definite diagnostic method for detecting chorioamnionitis before delivery. In this retrospective study, the diagnostic value of five inflammatory markers, including white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NEU), c-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and procalcitonin (PCT) of subclinical chorioamnionitis in PPROM were investigated. Methods A total of 74 PPROM (Group A: 21 PPROM without infection; Group B: 43 PPROM with subclinical chorioamnionitis;Group C:10 PPROM with chorioamnionitis) and 46 controls (Group D:normal full-term pregnancies) were recruited from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University between 2013 and 2017. The five markers were measured within 24 hours before the delivery. The diagnostic value of inflammatory markers for subclinical chorioamnionitis were assessed by t test and ROC curve. Results The levels of WBC, NEU and IL-6 in group A were significantly higher than those in group D (T=5.412, Z=-3.312, T=2.798, all P<0.05). The levels of five inflammatory markers in group B and C were all significantly increased compare with group D(Zb=-5.797, Zb=-5.296, Zb=-5.116, Zb=-3.279, Zb=-4.36, Tc=7.732, Zc=-4.622, Zc=-4.591, Zc=-3.509, Zc=-4.387,all P<0.05). Group B CRP, IL-6 and PCT levels were significantly higher than those of group A(Z=-3.10, Z=-2.95, Z=-2.202, all P<0.05). All five markers of group C were significantly higher than those of group A(T=-5.285, Z=-2.536, Z=-3.819, Z=-3.228, Z=-3.719, all P<0.05). The levels of WBC, NEU and IL-6 in group C were significantly higher than those in PPROM group B(Z=-3.296, T=-2.738, Z=-3.501, all P<0.05). In terms of predictive capability of subclinical chorioamnionitis, the individual area under ROC curve (AUC) of CRP, IL-6, and PCT were 0.740, 0.671, and 0.728 corresponding to the optimal cutoff 10.3 mg/L, 5.995 pg/ml, and 0.055 ng/ml respectively. The sensitivity value were 39.5%, 60.5% and 74.4%, the specificity value were 100%, 85.7%and 61.9%.The area under the ROC curves of CRP+IL-6,CRP+PCT,IL-6+PCT and CRP+IL+6+PCT were 0.746, 0.805, 0.776 and 0.816. The sensitivity value were 51.2%, 74.4%, 81.4% and 62.8%, the specificity value were 95.2%, 81%, 66.7%and 90.5%. Conclusions The model (combined with PCT, CRP and IL-6) may be helpful for the diagnosis of the subclinical chorioamnionitis in PPROM. Combined diagnosis of two markers in PCT,CRP and IL-6 could be superior to single inflammatory marker. Combined diagnosis of three could be better,which may provide a reference for clinical diagnosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497913

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gestation-specific reference intervals (GRIs) and dynamic changes of thyroid function at different gestational ages in Chongqing .Methods Combining self-sequential longtitudinal with cross-sectional study, the serum samples from 640 pregnant women with different gestational age were collected from June 2014 to September 2015 in the Third Military Medical University. The free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyroglobulin (TG), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and antithyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) were detected by the direct chemiluminescence method.According to China Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease in pregnancy and postpartum in 2012, the reference interval of the thyroid function was calculated.The data were analyzed by Chi square test .Results Established GRIs of thyroid function during pregnancy in Chongqing:The GRIs was 3.68-5.59 pmol/L for FT3, 9.34-17.02 pmol /L for FT4, 0.18-5.26 mIU/L for TSH in 6-9+6 weeks of pregnancy; the GRIs was 3.69-6.03 pmol /L for FT3, 8.42-15.75 pmol/L for FT4、0.09-4.85 mIU/L for TSH in 10-13+6 weeks of pregnancy; the GRIs was 3.24-5.46 pmol /L for FT3, 6.50-14.24 pmol/L for FT4, 0.11-5.13 mIU/L for TSH in 14-27+6 weeks of pregnancy;the GRIs was 3.06-5.05 pmol /L for FT3, 6.12-11.69 pmol/L for FT4, 0.75-3.67 mIU/L for TSH in 30-34 weeks of pregnancy; the GRIs was 2.96-5.00 pmol/L for FT3, 6.26-11.36 pmol /L for FT4, 0.84-5.54 mIU/L for TSH in 36-40 weeks of pregnancy.Screening by GRIs, the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was 8.75% (46), however, the prevalence was 37.07% (195) in according with the guidelines,χ2 =120.5,P =0.000.The overdiagnosis rate was 28.32%(149 /526).Using the guidelines of thyroid disease and our GRIs, the thyroid disease was found 116 (22.05%) and 30 (5.70%) in the first screening. Moreover, the thyroid disease was found 79(19.27%) and 10(3.23%) during the repeat screening in the normal population.Conclusions Using the GRIs for thyroid function tests in normal singleton pregnant women could reduce the risk of over diagnosis .The detection rate of repeat screening of TPOAb negative patients was close to the first screening detection rate , and repeated screening could reduce the risk of missed diagnosis for thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy women .(Chin J Lab Med, 2016, 39:511-515 )

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494748

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the reference intervals of hemoglobin A 1c( HbA1c ) and fasting plasma glucose ( FPG ) in the first and second trimester of pregnancy in Chongqing , and to evaluate the viability of the combination of HbA 1c and FPG in screening gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods The study retrospectively selected the pregnant women seen at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Daping Hospital between September 2014 and August 2015.The results of FPG during 10-13 pregnant weeks and 75 g oral glucose tolerance test ( OGTT ) and HbA1c during 24-28 pregnant weeks were available.Totally 185 cases were assigned into GDM group , and 269 cases were assigned into normal group based on the American Diabetes Association ( ADA) guidelines.Reference intervals of HbA 1c and FPG in normal pregnant woman were developed .The difference of HbA 1c , FPG and OGTT results between two groups was analyzed.T-student test, NcMemar test,signed rank sum test, ROC curve were used for statistical analysis.Results The reference intervals of HbA 1c and FPG in first and second trimester were 4.58%-5.52%,4.21-5.49 mmol/L and 4.03-5.08 mmol/L.The FPG level in first and second trimester and HbA 1c level in GDM group vs normal group were(5.06 ±0.37) vs(4.85 ±0.32)mmol/L(t=6.569,P=0.000), 5.23(5.11,5.4) vs 4.74(4.54,4.91) mmol/L(z=-14.31,P=0.000)and 5.3(5.1,5.4)% vs 5.2(5.0, 5.3)%( z=-5.79,P=0.000) respectively.The area under receiver operating characteristic curve ( ROC) of HbA1c , and FPG in first and second trimester was 0.655, 0.659 and 0.890 respectively.When the cut-off value of HbA1c was 5.35%, the AUC of the combination of HbA 1c and FPG in second trimester was 0.898, the sensitivity was 0.838,and the specificity was 0.859.The kappa coefficient for identifying GDM between OGTT and the combined method was 0.692(P=0.000).Conclusion HbA1c combined with FPG is of some value in screening GDM.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499844

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment for the control of postpartum haemorrhage in cesarean section caused by placenta previa. Methods From Jan 2011 to Jan 2013, 21 patients with postpartum haemorrhage in cesarean section due to placenta previa were given transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment after routine medical treatment. And the hemostatic efficacy and safety were observed. Results 20 cases of the vaginal bleeding were controlled efficient-ly, with an efficiency of 95. 2%. There was no complication occurred, and menstruation were back to normal during the follow-up, and there was nothing abnormal in the uterine double accessories through B ultrasound reexamination. Conclusion Transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment is an easy, safe and highly effective surgical technique, it is especially suitable for the control of haemorrhage in the lower uterine segment caused by placenta previa.

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