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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of five patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) and explore its standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment along with a review of literature. Methods: Clinical data of patients, such as age of onset, disease manifestation, personal history, family history, and misdiagnosed disease, were collected. Treatment outcomes, therapeutic effects of plasma infusion, and organ function evaluation were observed. The relationship among the clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and ADAMTS13 gene mutation of patients with cTTP was analyzed. Additionally, detection of ADAMTS13 activity and analysis of ADAMTS13 gene mutation were explored. Results: The age of onset of cTTP was either in childhood or adulthood except in one case, which was at the age of 1. The primary manifestations were obvious thrombocytopenia, anemia, and different degrees of nervous system involvement. Most of the patients were initially suspected of having immune thrombocytopenia. Acute cTTP was induced by pregnancy and infection in two and one case, respectively. ADAMTS13 gene mutation was detected in all cases, and there was an inherent relationship between the mutation site, clinical manifestations, and degree of organ injury. Therapeutic or prophylactic plasma transfusion was effective for treating cTTP. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of cTTP vary among individuals, resulting in frequent misdiagnosis that delays treatment. ADAMTS13 activity detection in plasma and ADAMTS13 gene mutation analysis are important bases to diagnose cTTP. Prophylactic plasma transfusion is vital to prevent the onset of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Adult , Blood Component Transfusion , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , Mutation , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 413-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of a combination therapy regimen based on bortezomib and glucocorticoids in recurrent/refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) . Methods: Six patients with recurrent/refractory TTP were included and treated with a glucocorticoid and two courses of bortezomib-based regimen. The clinical remission status of patients, changes in ADAMTS13 activity/ADAMTS13 inhibitor, and the occurrence of treatment-related adverse reactions were observed. Results: Of the 6 patients, 2 were males and 4 were females, with a median age of 21.5 (18-68) years. Refractory TTP was found in 1 case and recurrent TTP in 5 cases. Glucocorticoids were administered with reference to prednisone at 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), and gradually reduced in dosage after achieving clinical remission. Bortezomib is subcutaneously administered at 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 with a 28-day treatment course consisting of 2 courses. Six patients achieved clinical remission after receiving bortezomib as the main treatment. ADMATS13 activity returned to normal in all patients with TTP after treatment, and the ADAMTS13 inhibitor turned negative. Thrombocytopenia is the most common adverse reaction after treatment, with other adverse reactions, including peripheral neuritis and abdominal pain, but ultimately all patients returned to normal. In a median follow-up of 26 (9-41) months, 5 patients maintained sustained remission, and 1 patient relapsed after 16 months of bortezomib treatment. Conclusion: Combination therapy of bortezomib and glucocorticoids has a satisfactory therapeutic effect and controllable adverse reactions for recurrent/refractory iTTP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/drug therapy , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 312-316, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011981

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the significance of DDAVP use in the diagnosis and treatment of VWD. Methods: An analysis of 15 VWD cases who referred to Hematology Division of First affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and treated with DDAVP from March 2016 to August 2018 was conducted. Efficacy and treatment response of DDAVP were monitored by observations of changes in factor Ⅷ procoagulant (FⅧ∶C) and von Willebrand Factor (VWF) related indicators before and 2 h after DDAVP injection. Results: Of 15 cases with VWD, 7 males and 8 females with a median age of 23 (6-46) years, 7 of 9 type I VWD patients achieved complete response (CR) , 1 type 2A VWD case CR, 5 type 3 VWD ones no response (NR) . The VWF multimer analysis in 5 patients combined with other plasma VWF values were in accordance with the known diagnosis. Conclusions: DDAVP was effective in most type 1 patients, and ineffective in some type 2 and almost all type 3 cases. It was helpful for diagnosis and subsequent treatment planning.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Deamino Arginine Vasopressin , Hemostatics , von Willebrand Diseases , von Willebrand Factor
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 812-816, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011866

ABSTRACT

Objective: PLASMIC score was evaluated its value in differential diagnosis between the patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) . Method: Twenty-four patients with TTP and 41 cases with DIC were retrospectively analyzed in this study. The platelet count, average red blood cell volume, indirect bilirubin, creatinine and prothrombin time international normalised ratio were collected, and then PLASMIC scores were calculated. Results: According to the risk classification of PLASMIC score, three (12.5%) TTP patients had moderate risk, and the rest 21 (87.5%) cases had high risk. In DIC patients, 92.7% cases were in low risk group, 4.9% at moderate risk, and only one case had high risk. Of these 65 patients, the sensitivity and the specificity to TTP of the high risk of the scoring system were 87.5% and 97.6%, respectively. Conclusion: The patients with high risk of PLASMIC score correlated well with clinical TTP diagnosis. The scoring system showed to be an excellent diagnostic model to distinguish TTP patients from those with DIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Tests , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 404-407, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011772

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a domestic human plasma derived coagulation Factor Ⅸ concentrate (pd-FⅨ) in patients with hemophilia B. Methods: The study was a multicenter, open-label and single-arm study. The efficacy of pd-F Ⅸ was evaluated by objective performance criteria. The doses of pd-FⅨ were calculated according to the bleeding symptom and disease severity. The infusion efficiency of pd-FⅨ and improvement of bleeding symptoms were measured at 30 minutes and (24±4) h after the first infusion, respectively. Adverse events were recorded. Viral infection and FⅨ inhibitor were detected 90 d after the first infusion. Results: All 36 subjects with hemophilia B were enrolled in the study. The median age of these patients was 31 years old and the median injection doses were 4 (1-17) times. The hemostatic effect of 27/36 (75.00%) and 9/36 (25.00%) acute bleeding events were rated as "excellent" and "better" , respectively. The recovery rate was 111.92% (65.55%-194.28%) at 30 minutes after infusion of FⅨ. There was no adverse event related to FⅨ. No reactivation of HBV, HCV or HIV and FⅨ inhibitor was detected at 90-104 d after the first FⅨ infusion. Conclusion: This domestically made human plasma derived FⅨ concentrate is safe and effective in the treatment of acute bleeding in patients with hemophilia B. Clinical trial registration: China food and Durg Administration, 2016L08027.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , China , Factor IX , Hemophilia A , Hemophilia B/therapy , Hemorrhage , Plasma
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 963-968, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284000

ABSTRACT

Hemophilia B (HB) is a recessive X-linked inherited disorder, the pathogenesis of HB is deficiency or functional abnormalities of coagulation factor IX, which is caused by F9 gene mutations. To explore the mechanism of its molecular pathology, 40 patients with HB were studied with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. The diagnosis of HB patients were based on clinical manifestation and deficient factor IX activity in plasma. DNA was routinely extracted from peripheral blood cells of the patients and their relatives, all the 8 exons and their flanking boundaries were amplified by PCR, and the PCR products were screened by direct sequencing. Mutations which were found in study need to exclude polymorphism. The results showed that 34 mutations were confirmed in 40 HB patients, including 6 nonsense mutations, 24 missense mutations, 2 splice site mutations and 2 frame mutations for 1 or 2 nucleotide insertion. After retrieved, 4 missense mutations and 1 frameshift mutation were found for the first time. Among the 34 mutations, 2 mutations in signal peptide, 7 mutations in propeptide and gla domain, 7 mutations in epidermal growth factor-like domain, 3 mutations in activation domain, 15 mutations in serine protease or catalytic domain. It is concluded that gene analysis can directly explain molecular mechanism of hemophilia B and also provides the foundation for further studies to the function of coagulation factor IX. There is obvious heterogeneity in F9 gene mutation and missense mutation is still the main way of mutation, which are closely related to clinical features. DNA sequencing and linkage analysis are efficient methods for HB carriers and prenatal gene diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , Factor IX , Genetics , Hemophilia B , Diagnosis , Genetics
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1211-1214, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283951

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to detect the alloantibodies against Factor VIII (FVIII) by ELISA for estimating the incidence of the alloantibodies against Factor VIII (FVIII) in patients with hemophilia A, and to investigate the relationship between factor VIIIC domain and alloantibodies. Total of 140 patients with hemophilia A and 80 normal controls were enrolled in this study, among them plasma FVIII level of 84 patients was less than 1%, plasma FVIII level of 34 patients was between 1% and 5%, and plasma FVIII level of 22 patients was more than 5%. All patients were treated with plasma-derived FVIII concentrate or plasma before. The ELISA plate was coated with McAb (SZ-132) against FVIII prepared in our laboratory, then human recombinant FVIII concentrates were applied. After incubation in room temperature for 2 hours, diluted plasma samples and HRP-conjugated goat anti-human IgG were added successively, finally A490 was recorded. The threshold of alloantibody of patient plasma was set as mean value>3 SD more than control. The plate was coated with antibody against His, then human recombinant FVIII-C1C2 prepared in our laboratory was added. After incubation in room temperature for 2 hours, diluted plasma samples and HRP-conjugated goat anti-human IgG were added successively, finally A490 were recorded. The threshold was set as the mean value>3 SD more than control. The results showed that the alloantibodies against FVIII were found in 56 patients (40%) by ELISA, and 82.1% (46/56) of this kind of alloantibody could interact with the C domain of FVIII. It is concluded that C domain of FVIII is one of the primary binding sites for the alloantibodies against FVIII in Chinese patients with hemophilia A.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Binding Sites, Antibody , Case-Control Studies , Factor VIII , Allergy and Immunology , Hemophilia A , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Isoantibodies , Blood , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 751-756, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic defect and its mechanism in a patient with congenital afibrinogenemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The plasma fibrinogen activity and antigen of the patient was determined using the Clauss method and immuno-nephelometric assay, respectively. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood of the proband and his related family members. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the three fibrinogen genes (FGA, FGB, FGG) were amplified by PCR followed by direct sequencing. Thrombin fibrin aggregation curve were detected in the plasma of the patient. Wild-type and mutation type fibrinogen vectors were constructed, and then transfected into COS-7 cells. The wild-type and mutant proteins from the culture media and cell lysates were tested by Western blot and ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>APTT, PT, TT were significantly longer in the proband. Plasma fibrinogen activity and antigen of the patient could not be detected using the Clauss method and immuno-nephelometry, respectively. Gene analysis revealed that a novel homozygous GTTT insertion between nucleotides 2833 and 2834 in FGB exon 2 in the proband. The proband's father, mother, brother and son were heterozygous. The polymerization curves of the patient did not show a lag phase or final turbidity, compared with the normal controls. Western blot analysis showed the lack of complete half-molecules of the fibrinogen molecule and fibrinogen in patient's plasma under non-reducing conditions. It also could not detect the truncated Bβ chain under reducing conditions. Abnormal fibrinogen molecule (molecule weight>340 000) were found in transfected COS-7 cells by Western blot, which indicated that the mutation caused the abnormal intracellular fibrinogen molecule assembly. The fibrinogen band was absent in culture media transfected by the mutation. Fibrinogen levels of mutant fibrinogen were no significant different from those of wild-type fibrinogen in cell lysates by ELISA analysis [(2.47 ± 0.30) μg/ml vs (2.65±0.60) μg/ml, P=0.0889]; However, the levels of the mutant fibrinogen were statistically significant lower than those of wild type fibrinogen in culture media [(0.01 ± 0.01) μg/ml vs (3.80±0.80) μg/ml, P=0.0001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Congenital afibrinogenemia was caused by this frameshift mutation in exon 2 of FGB. This novel mutation impaired fibrinogen assembly and secretion.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Afibrinogenemia , Genetics , Fibrinogen , Genetics , Frameshift Mutation , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Pedigree
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 152-156, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify and characterize a missence mutation Ser250 Phe underlying coagulation factor Ⅶ (FⅦ) deficiency in a Chinese patient and his family.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The FⅦ gene (F7) was analyzed by DNA sequencing, and the FⅦ levels (including antigen and activity) in patient's plasma were determined with enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) and one stage prothrombin time based method. In addition, a FⅦ-250 Phe mutant corresponding to the identified mutation was expressed in HEK293 cells, and a subcellular localization experiment in CHO cells was performed to clarify the molecular mechanism of FⅦ deficiency caused by the FⅦ-250 Phe mutation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient had a prolonged prothrombin time (PT: 36.5 s) and low levels of both FⅦ antigen and activity (130.2 ng/mL and 4.0%, respectively). Two heterozygous mutations were identified in the F7 gene (NG-009262.1), which included a g.15975 G>A mutation at the splice receptor site of intron 6 (IVS6-1G>A) and a novel g.16750 C>T mutation in exon 8, which resulted in replacement of Ser (TCC) 250 with Phe (TTC)250 in the vicinity of a charge-stablizing system. By gene expression experiments, the antigen and activity levels of FⅦ-250 Ser and FⅦ-250 Phe in the culture medium were (37.77 ± 2.30) ng/mL and (4.02 ± 0.52) ng/mL, respectively. ELISA and Western blotting analyses indicated that expression of the mutant FⅦ-250 Phe and wild type FⅦ-250 Ser was (130.51 ± 2.32) ng/mL and (172.45 ± 2.25) ng/mL, respectively. FⅦ-250 Phe was found in endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, suggesting that the mutant FⅦ-250 Phe could be normally synthesized in the cells but was inefficiently secreted.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound heterozygous mutations in F7 gene (g.15975G>A and g.16750C>T) may be responsible for the FⅦ deficiency in this patient. The novel FⅦ 250 Phe can be transported from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus, but may be degraded or inefficient.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cricetinae , Humans , Male , CHO Cells , Cricetulus , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Factor VII , Genetics , Physiology , Factor VII Deficiency , Genetics , HEK293 Cells , Mutation, Missense
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 552-555, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278378

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate clinical features and to identify gene mutations in six patients with nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 9 gene (MYH9)-related disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The platelet counts were measured using automated complete blood cell counter and manual manner. The size of platelets and inclusion bodies were observed under light microscopy. All the 40 exons and exon-intron boundaries of MYH9 gene were amplified by PCR and then DNA sequencing was performed. Restriction endonuclease analysis and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) were used for polymorphism analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six patients all shared the common features of thrombocytopenia with giant platelets and granulocyte inclusions. Four MYH9 gene mutations were found in the six patients: T97C (W33R) in exon 1, 4335Insert CAGAAGAAG (1445InsQKK) and G4269A (D1424N) in exon 30 and G5833T (E1945Stop) in exon 40. The former two were novel mutations which have not been reported in the literature. The results of restriction endonuclease analysis and PAGE could exclude the possibility of nucleotide polymorphisms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The MYH9 gene mutations were identified in six patients with MYH9 related disorders, and T97C (W33R) and 4335InsCAGAAGAAG (1445InsQKK) were novel mutations. MYH9 related disease should be considered in individuals with persistent thrombocytopenia which is non-responsive to corticosteroids and immuno-repressive agents.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Inclusion Bodies , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Phenotype , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 679-682, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide genetic consulting and prenatal diagnosis for two families with congenital factor V deficiency based on the known mutations of factor V gene (G16088C and G69969T).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chorionic DNA was obtained at 12 weeks of gestation and analyzed to exclude maternal cell contamination through microsatellite DNA analysis. It was then amplified with PCR and sequenced to determine the presence of mutations in exons 3 and 23. Factor V activity of the blood was assayed at 22 weeks of gestation and 6 months after birth.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fetus in case 1 was found to be a heterozygous carrier of the G16088C mutation, for whom factor V activity of the cord blood and peripheral blood were 15% and 53%, respectively. Fetus 2 did not carry the familiar G69969T mutation, for whom the factor V activity of cord blood and peripheral blood has measured 32% and 93%, respectively. Follow-up studies demonstrated that the two infants were both in good health without a tendency for bleeding.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In both cases, the genotypes were consistent with the phenotypes. This is the first report of prenatal diagnosis of congenital factor V deficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Base Sequence , Factor V , Genetics , Metabolism , Factor V Deficiency , Diagnosis , Genetics , Microsatellite Repeats , Mutation , Prenatal Diagnosis
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 147-152, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestation and gene mutation in four Chinese pedigrees with the congenital coagulation factor VII deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and plasma fibrinogen were measured using STAGO STA-R automatic coagulation analyzer, and the coagulation activity of factor VII (FVII:C) was determined by a PT-based one stage method, and factor VII antigen (FVII:Ag) level by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunoabsorbsent assay. All exons, exon-intron boundaries and 3',5'untranslated regions of the FVII gene from the genomic DNA of the probands and their families were amplified by PCR, and then sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PT was significantly prolonged, and FVII:C and FVII:Ag were decreased and the following mutations were identified in the four probands: a homozygous transversion of 18041 T→G resulting in His408→Gln substitution in exon 8 in proband 1, a homozygous double nucleotide deletion, del CT (5078 - 5079) in exon 1 in proband 2, a double heterozygous of IVS6-1G→A and Gln426→stop in proband 3, and a double heterozygous of IVS6-1G→A and Arg364Gln in prohand 4.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Two missense mutations, His408Gln, Arg364Gln and one nonsense, Gln426stop in the catalytic domain of FVII and one double nucleotide deletion, del CT (5078 - 5079) in exon 1 and one splicesome mutation, IVS6-1G→A in intron 6 were separately identified in four Chinese pedigrees with inherited coagulation factor VII deficiency. The Gln426stop and IVS6-1G→A were first identified in the world and the homozygous del CT (5078 - 5079) and His408Gln were first found in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Genetics , Base Sequence , Exons , Factor VII , Genetics , Factor VII Deficiency , Genetics , Genotype , Heterozygote , Homozygote , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 168-172, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252003

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the potential association between factor VIII inhibitor development and polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-308 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein-4 gene in Chinese Han patients with hemophilia A (HA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The single base change polymorphism in TNF-α and CTLA-4 gene was analyzed in 140 Chinese Han patients with hemophilia A who have been treated with plasma-derived FVIII concentrates and 108 normal controls by using PCR-restrictive fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). All of the HA patients' plasma samples were measured by modified-Nijmegen assay simultaneously.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In HA patients, G/G genotype, G/A genotype and A/A genotype were detected in 118 (84.3%), 18 (12.8%) and 4 cases (2.9%) respectively; C/C genotype, C/T genotype and T/T genotype were detected in 108 (77.2%), 30 (21.4%) and 2 cases (1.4%) respectively. The difference in the genotype frequencies between HA patients and controls was nonsignificant (P > 0.05). Patients who were carriers of homozygotes for A allele had a higher risk of inhibitor development compared with those who were not (OR = 7.519, 95% CI = 3.168 - 17.844). Severe HA patients who were carriers of homozygotes for A allele had a higher risk of inhibitor development compared with those who were not (OR = 8.163, 95% CI = 2.521 - 26.434). There was no statistical difference in the risk of inhibitor development between the patients who were carriers or not (OR = 1.586, 95% CI = 0.729 - 3.450).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TNF-α-308 gene polymorphism is significantly associated with inhibitor development in Chinese Han patients with severe hemophilia A. TNF-α gene may be a useful marker and potential modulator of the immune response to replacement therapy for hemophilia A patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Genetics , CTLA-4 Antigen , Genetics , Genotype , Hemophilia A , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 168-171, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353627

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical features of hemophilia A (HA), and the factors associated with the factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor development.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One huandred and thirteen patients with HA were recruited in this retrospective study, among whom, 85 were treated with FVIII replacement therapy. The FVIII inhibitor levels and factors associated with the inhibitor development were correspondingly investigated in these 85 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FVIII inhibitor developed in 28.24% of the 85 severe and moderate patients treated with FVIII. Factors of statistical significance (P < 0.05) associated with the low-titer FVIII inhibitor development were as follows: the first enduring adminstration of FVIII, the situation of the patients, and the high dose FVIII used in severe bleeding or major operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The development of FVIII inhibitor by Bethesda assay in Chinese hemophilia A patients is not rare, especially that with low-titer. Most of them are severe and moderate patients. The inhibitor development was associated with the following factors: the first adminstration of FVIII for more than 5 days, the severe or moderate conditions of patients, the high dose FVIII used in severe bleeding or major operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Factor VIII , Hemophilia A , Therapeutics , Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 154-156, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283868

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the phenotype and genotype of a family with inherited dysfibrinogenemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Assays of coagulation, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT) and thrombin time (TT), were carried out with Stago Compact in the proband and his family members. The activity and antigen of fibrinogen in plasma were determined by Clauss and immunoturbidimetry, respectively. Fibrinogen and its constituent were analyzed by Western blot with nonreducing 4%-20% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). All exons and exon-intron boundaries of fibringen genes FGA, FGB and FGG were analyzed by PCR and then direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband had normal APTT and PT, but prolonged TT. The activity of fibrinogen in plasma was decreased while its antigen level was normal. These abnormalities were also found in his mother and a sister. Genetic analysis revealed heterozygous G1233A in the exon 2 of FGA originating from his mother, which resulted in Arg16His missense mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Inherited dysfibrinogenemia was caused by Arg16His mutation in exon 2 of FGA, and this is the first case reported in a Chinese family.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibrinogen , Genetics , Genotype , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 157-160, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the pathology, diagnosis and treatment of a patient with hemotidrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Coagulation tests, coagulation factor activities, von Willebrand factor concentration, bleeding time and platelet aggregation were measured. The bloody exudates from the skin was examined under light microscopy. The involved skin area biopsy was examined histologically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The bloody exudates contained all kinds of normal blood cells mixed with sweat-like fluid, rather than true-sweat. Histopathologic examination showed normal sweat gland structure without blood cells. The patient was successfully treated with propranolol.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sympathetic nerve activation in the vasculature might play a role in hemotidrasis, and beta-blockers might be an effective drug for treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bleeding Time , Blood Coagulation Tests , Platelet Aggregation , von Willebrand Diseases , von Willebrand Factor
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 145-148, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify gene mutations involved in five cases of inherited factor V (FV) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activity of FV was determined by one-stage clotting assay using FV-deficiency plasma, and FV antigen by an ELISA assay. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of FV gene were amplified by PCR and then DNA sequencing. Restriction enzyme analysis was used to analyze the probands, their family members and healthy volunteers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both activity and antigen of FV in the 5 patients were extremely lower compared with that of normal mixed plasma. Six mutations were identified in these 5 patients, G69969T (G2079V), C45533T (R712Ter), C46796T (R1133Ter), G45366A (C656Y), C46253T (R952C) and G16088C (D68H), the latter three were novel mutations reported for the first time and the C46253T (R952C) was the first missense mutation reported in B domain. The result of sequencing or restriction enzyme analysis showed that the three novel missense mutations were not caused by single nucleotide polymorphisms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gene mutations in 5 type I inherited FV deficiency of patients including 2 nonsense mutations and 4 missense mutations identified which led to the instability of FV protein and the reducing of FV: Ag in the plasma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Factor V , Genetics , Metabolism , Factor V Deficiency , Blood , Genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 187-191, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the quantity and function of circulating dendritic cells (DC) in patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High dose dexamethasone (HD-DXM) at a dose of 40 mg orally per day for four consecutive days was the initial treatment for chronic ITP patients. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the number of myeloid DC (mDC), plasma cytoid DC (pDC) and CD4+FOXP3+ T cells in patients before and after the treatment, meanwhile the co-stimulatory molecules on circulating DCs were assayed as well. Monocyte-derived DCs and CD4+ T cells were co-cultured with autologous or allogeneic normal fresh platelets and after 6 days of incubation H-TdR was used to assay the proliferation of CD4+ T cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The absolute numbers of circulating mDC and pDC were not significantly different between pre-treatment patients and healthy controls (P > 0.05 and P >0.05). However, percentage of CD4+ FOXP3+ T cells was decreased (P < 0.01), and their percentage was inversely correlated with the number of pDC and mDC (r = -0.396, P =0.045 and r = -0.410, P =0.037). The initial response rate to HD-DXM was 92.3%. After 4-days treatment, CD4 FOXP3+ Treg cells increased (P <0.01) while pDCs decreased (P <0.01). Although mDCs increased after HD-DXM (P <0.05), their CD11c expression level was decreased (P < 0.01), the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) decreased from 340 +/- 30 before treatment to 199 +/- 21 after treatment. The inverse correlation between pDCs and CD4+ FOXP3+ Treg cells remained (r= -0.524, P =0.006) while that between mDCs and Treg cells disappeared (r = - 0.360, P =0.071). The MFI of CD86 on DCs was higher in ITP patients than in healthy controls (P <0.05), while the proportions of CD86, CD40, CD80 and the MFI of CD40, CD80 in ITP patients were normal (P > 0.05). DCs from chronic ITP patients co-cultured with autologous or allogeneic platelets were highly efficient in stimulating autologous CD4+ T cells proliferaton as compared to those derived from healthy donors (P < 0.05 and P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DCs may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic ITP in relation with CD4+CD25+ Treg cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 152-155, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathologic features and laboratory findings in two Proteus syndrome patients with giant hemangiomas in the spleen and chronic DIC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used for analysing the characteristics of the giant hemangiomas in the spleen. The spleen specimen was examined pathologically for the feature of the hemangioma. Homostatic tests were performed by routine laboratory methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two Proteus syndrome patients with giant hemangiomas in the spleen causing chronic DIC (Kasabach-Merritt syndrome) were first reported. They were recovered after splenectomy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Proteus syndrome when accompanied giant hemangioma could cause chronic DIC. Significantly decreased plasma fibrinogen level in this case might be helpful for the differential diagnosis from DIC caused by other diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Proteus Syndrome , Splenectomy , Splenic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Ultrasonography
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 184-188, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with ITP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry was used to examine the number of CD4+ CD25+, CD4+ CD25 high, CD4+ Foxp3+ and CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T cells. The level of Foxp3 mRNA expression was analyzed by realtime quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) . CD4+ CD25 high T cells was cocultured with CD4+ CD25 - T cells from patients or controls for assessing the regulatory properties of CD4+ CD25 Treg cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of CD4+ CD25+ T cells in the peripheral blood of patients with ITP [(15.64 +/- 5.82) %] was significantly higher than that in normal control group [(9.30 +/- 3.95)%] (P <0.01). There was no significant difference in the percentages of CD4+ CD25 high T cells between ITP patients and controls [(1.53 +/- 0.66)% versus (1.36 +/- 0.55)% (P = 0.317)]. But the number of CD4 Foxp 3+ T cells and CD4 + CD25+ Foxp3+ T cells in patients were significantly lower than that in control group (P <0.01). The expression of Foxp3 mRNA reduced (P < 0.01) and the suppressive activity of CD4+ CD25 high T cells is lower than that of healthy controls (P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In patients with ITP, both the number and immuno-regulative function of CD4+ CD25+ Treg cells are reduced.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology
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