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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Renqing Changjue has a protective effect on acute respiratory dis?tress syndrome (ARDS) induced by endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rabbits. METHODS Thirty-six healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group, model group, dexamethasone group, Renqing Changjue high, middle and low dose group, with six rabbits in each group. LPS was used to replicate the ARDS model after five consecutive days of gavage. Arterial pressure, respiratory rate and anal temperature blood were recorded for arterial blood gas analysis at 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h, respectively. At the end of the four-hour experiment, rab?bits were killed by bloodletting, and the lung tissue was quickly removed to determine the cytokines, SOD, MDA and pathological examination of rabbit lung. RESULTS Renqing Changjue can significantly reduce the pathological changes of lung in ARDS model group. The expression of AQP1 and MPO in rabbit lung was significantly decreased by immuno?histochemistry (P<0.05) ,reduce the lung wet/dry weight ratio, increase the ratio of PaO2/FiO2, inhibit the release of inflammatory factors and scavenge free radicals and antioxidant effects. CONCLUSION Renqing Changjue can effec?tively protect rabbits with acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by LPS, and may protect the lung by inhibiting the release of cytokines and anti-oxidation.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316857

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To develop a novel injectable strontium-containing calcium phosphate cement with collagen.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A novel calcium phosphate bone cement (CPC) was prepared with the addition of strontium element, collagenl, and modified starch; the injectability, solidification time, microstructure, phase composition, compressive strength, anti-collapsibility and histological properties of material were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results showed that the material could be injected with an excellent performance; the modified starch significantly improved the anti-washout property of cement; with the liquid to solid ratio of 0.3, the largest compressive strength of cement was obtained (48.0 MPa ± 2.3 MPa); histological examination of repair tissue showed that the bone was repaired after 16 weeks; the degradation of cement was consistent with the new bone growth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A novel injectable collagen-strontium-containing CPC with excellent compressive strength and suitable setting time was prepared, with addition of modified starch. The CPC showed a good anti-washout property and the degradation time of the cement met with the new bone growing. This material is supposed to be used in orthopedic and maxillofacial surgery for bone defects.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Cements , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Phosphates , Chemistry , Collagen , Chemistry , Compressive Strength , Histocompatibility Testing , Injections , Rabbits , Strontium , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676051

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate surgical technique and clinical efficacy of Sky bone ex- pander kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures.Methods Eighteen cases with osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures were treated with Sky bone expander kyphoplasty from August 2004 to November 2005.Under the local anesthesia,3.5-5ml of bone cements were injected into each pathologic vertebral body through unipedicle approach after reduction procedure was done with Sky bone expander.Results The postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 to 11 months, with an average of 4.5 months.Back pain was effectively relieved after the operation in all cases.No complications occurred.Conclusion The Sky bone expander kyphoplasty has the advantages of safe- ty,easy operation,minimal invasion,effective restoration of the vertebral body height and fast relief of pain.

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