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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1016-1021, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the left heart structure and functional characteristics of term neonates with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).@*METHODS@#This study included 86 term neonates with IUGR admitted to the Neonatal Ward of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2019 to January 2022 as the IUGR group, as well as randomly selected 86 term neonates without IUGR born during the same period as the non-IUGR group. The clinical data and echocardiographic data were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of left heart structure and function showed that compared with the non-IUGR group, the IUGR group had significantly lower left ventricular mass, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left atrial diameter, end-diastolic interventricular septal thickness, left ventricular posterior wall thickness, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end-systolic volume, and stroke volume (P<0.05) and significantly higher ratio of end-diastolic interventricular septal thickness to left ventricular posterior wall thickness, proportion of neonates with a mitral peak E/A ratio of ≥1, and cardiac index (P<0.05). The Spearman correlation analysis suggested that stroke volume was positively correlated with birth weight and body surface area (rs=0.241 and 0.241 respectively; P<0.05) and that the ratio of end-diastolic interventricular septal thickness to left ventricular posterior wall thickness was negatively correlated with birth weight and body surface area (rs=-0.229 and -0.225 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The left ventricular systolic function of neonates with IUGR is not significantly different from that of neonates without IUGR. However, the ventricular septum is thicker in neonates with IUGR. This change is negatively correlated with birth weight and body surface area. The left ventricular diastolic function may be impaired in neonates with IUGR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Birth Weight , Echocardiography , Fetal Growth Retardation , Heart , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 441-446, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the forensic application value of an age estimation model based on DNA methylation in eastern Chinese Han population, and to provide a theoretical basis for exploring age estimation models suitable for different detection platforms.@*METHODS@#According to the 6 age-related methylation sites in the published blood DNA methylation age estimation models of Chinese Han population, the DNA methylation level of 48 samples was detected by pyrosequencing and next-generation sequencing (NGS). After submitting DNA methylation levels to the age estimation model, the DNA methylation ages were predicted and compared with their real ages.@*RESULTS@#The 6 DNA methylation sites in both detection techniques were age-related, with an R2 of 0.85 and a median absolute deviation (MAD) of 4.81 years when using pyrosequencing;with an R2 of 0.84 and MAD of 4.41 years when using NGS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The blood DNA methylation age estimation model can be used under pyrosequencing and multi-purpose regional methylation enrichment sequencing technology based on NGS and it can accurately estimate the age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging/genetics , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , East Asian People , Forensic Genetics/methods
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 72-82, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984183

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of DNA methylation detection techniques, studies on age-related methylation sites have found more age-specific ones across tissues, which improves the sensitivity and accuracy of age estimation. In addition, the establishment of various statistical models also provides a new direction for the age estimation of tissues from different sources. This review summarizes the related studies of age estimation based on DNA methylation from the aspects of detection technology, age-related cytosine phosphate guanine site and model selection in recent years.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation , Forensic Genetics/methods , CpG Islands , Forensic Medicine
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 16-23, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940283

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Linggui Zhugantang (LG) on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in vitro and to explore the mechanism of LG in repairing the BBB injury in AD. MethodA total of 50 male SPF rats were randomized into five groups: high-dose (4.8 g·kg-1), medium-dose (2.4 g·kg-1), and low-dose (1.2 g·kg-1) LG groups, western medicine (0.5 g·kg-1 donepezil hydrochloride) group, and normal group (normal saline of equivalent volume). They received (ig) corresponding drugs twice a day for 7 d. Drug-containing serum was respectively collected from the abdominal aorta 1 h after the last administration. The BBB injury of AD in vitro was induced with the cell co-culture method, and 6 groups were designed: normal group, model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose LG groups, and western medicine group. The model group was added with 100 μL amyloid β1-42 (Aβ1-42, final concentration: 5 μmol·L-1), and high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose LG groups and the western medicine group were added with corresponding 10% drug-containing serum in addition to the 100 μL Aβ1-42 (final concentration: 5 μmol·L-1). Cell survival rate was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, expression of BBB-related skeleton proteins (claudin-5, ZO-1, occludin), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) by Western blot, and content of inflammatory factors interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). BBB Aβ transporter low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) and advanced glycation end product receptor (RAGE) at different time points in high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose LG groups were determined by Real-time PCR and Western blot. ResultCell survival rate of the model group was lower than that of the normal group (P<0.05) and the survival rates of the western medicine group and high-dose LG group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). The skeleton proteins were down-regulated and MMP-2 and MMP-9 were up-regulated in the model group compared with those in the normal group (P<0.05). The expression of skeleton proteins was higher (P<0.05) and that of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was lower (P<0.05) in the western medicine group and high-dose LG group than in the model group. Compared with the model group, only the medium-dose LG group showed the up-regulation (P<0.05) of claudin-5 (P<0.05) and the decrease (P<0.05) of MMP-2. IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the model group were up-regulated (P<0.05) compared with those in the normal group, and those inflammatory factors in the western medicine group and high-dose and medium-dose LG groups were lower (P<0.05) than those in the model group. LRP-1 expression was up-regulated and RAGE expression was down-regulated at 3 h compared with those at 0 h (P<0.05), while the expression of the two became stable at 6, 12, 24, 36 h. At 3 h, LRP-1 expression was down-regulated and RAGE expression was up-regulated in model group compared with those in the normal group at 3 h (P<0.05). Moreover, the LRP-1 content was higher and RAGE content was lower in the western medicine group and high-dose LG group than in the model group. ConclusionLG can repair the BBB injury in vitro by inhibiting the expression of inflammatory factors and MMP-2, MMP-9, promoting the expression of skeletal proteins, and regulating the balance of transporters.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935244

ABSTRACT

In the process of xenobiotic toxicity prediction and risk assessment, in vitro cell culture models possess high practical application value. With the rapid development of biological technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) bio-printing, organoid culture and organ-on-a-chip systems, in vitro cell culture models have made great progress. Sharing the similarities in structure, function and the physiological environment with tissues or organs in vivo, hazard identification and dose-response analysis based on 3D cell culture models provide access to more accurate toxicity data as a theoretical basis for risk assessment and risk management of chemicals. This review summarizes the establishment of three typical 3D cell culture models, i.e., human cell line-based co-culture model, 3D-printed scaffold-based cell culture model and organoids, and their application in toxicity tests of xenobiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Culture Techniques, Three Dimensional , Cell Line , Toxicity Tests , Xenobiotics/toxicity
6.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 358-365, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985225

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the genetic polymorphism of whole mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genomes in She population in Zhejiang and to explore the maternal genetic structure of the She population. Methods Whole mtDNA genomes of 231 unrelated individuals from She population in Zhejiang Province were sequenced. The number of mutations and population genetics parameters such as, the haplotype diversity (HD), discrimination power (DP), and random match probabilities (RMP) were analyzed. The mtDNA haplogroups of Zhejiang She population were classified, and the maternal genetic relationships between She and nine other Chinese populations were estimated. Results In 231 Zhejiang She samples, 8 507 mutations (702 types) were observed and the samples were classified into 94 haplogroups. The HD, DP and RMP values were 0.998 6, 0.994 2 and 0.005 8, respectively. The lowest genetic differentiation degree (Fst=0.006 89) was detected between Zhejiang She population and southern Han population. Principal component analysis (PCA) and median-joining network analysis showed that the genetic distance of Zhejiang She population with Guangxi Yao, Yunnan Dai and Southern Han populations was relatively close, but the population still had some unique genetic characteristics. Conclusion The whole mtDNA genomes are highly polymorphic in Zhejiang She population. The Zhejiang She population contains complex and diverse genetic components and has a relatively close maternal genetic relationship with Guangxi Yao, Yunnan Dai and Southern Han populations. Meanwhile, Zhejiang She population has kept its unique maternal genetic components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People/genetics , China , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Ethnicity/genetics , Genetics, Population , Haplotypes , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Polymorphism, Genetic
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 187-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985207

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the feasibility of the rbcL sequence of chloroplast DNA as a genetic marker to identify Cannabis sativa L. Methods The rbcL sequences in 62 Cannabis sativa L. samples, 10 Humulus lupulus samples and 10 Humulus scandens DNA samples were detected, and 96 rbcL sequences of the Cannabaceae family were downloaded from Genbank. Sequence alignment was performed by MEGA X software, the intraspecific and interspecific Kimura-2-Parameter (K2P) genetic distances were calculated, and the system clustering tree was constructed. Results The rbcL sequence length acquired by sequencing of Cannabis sativa L. and Humulus scandens were 617 bp and 649 bp, respectively, and two haplotypes of Cannabis sativa L. were observed in the samples. The BLAST similarity search results showed that the highest similarity between the sequences acquired by sequencing and Cannabis sativa L. rbcL sequences available from Genbank was 100%. The genetic distance analysis showed that the maximum intraspecific genetic distance (0.004 9) of Cannabis sativa L. was less than the minimum interspecific genetic distance (0.012 9). The results of median-joining network and system clustering tree analysis showed that Cannabis sativa L. and other members of the Cannabaceae family were located in different branches. Conclusion The rbcL sequence could be used as a DNA barcode for identifying Cannabis sativa L., and combined with comparative analysis of the rbcL sequence and system cluster analysis could be a reliable and effective detection method for Cannabis sativa L. identification in forensic investigation.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/genetics , Genetic Markers , Sequence Analysis, DNA
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 817-824, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the ability of the ForenSeqTM DNA Signature Prep kit (ForenSeq kit) in analyzing the sequence information of STRs in Zhejiang She ethnic group and its forensic application efficacy.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 Zhejiang She ethnic group samples were sequenced with the ForenSeq kit on the MiSeq FGx platform. The data was analyzed using ForenSeqTM universal analysis software to obtain the motif structure and flank regions of the 58 STRs, then compared with PCR-CE typing results to test the consistency. At last, the allele frequency and population genetic parameters were calculated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 448 sequence polymorphic alleles were detected in 50 samples of Zhejiang She ethnic group. Compared with fragment length polymorphism detected by PCR-CE, 82 alleles were increased by MPS detection based on ForenSeq kit, and 7 SNPs variation were detected in the flanking regions of 6 loci. The 22 male individuals were genotyped, and total 19 haplotypes were detected in 24 Y chromosome STRs of these 22 males. The cumulative discrimination power of the 27 autosomal STRs was 1-8.87×10-30, the cumulative probability of exclusion of duo-testing was 0.999 999 962 640 657, the cumulative probability of exclusion of trios-testing was 0.999 999 999 999 633.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on MPS typing technology, using the ForenSeq kit greatly improves the detection efficiency. In addition, the 58 STRs have good genetic polymorphisms in Zhejiang She ethnic group, which are suitable for individual identification and paternity identification in forensic application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , DNA , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Ethnicity/genetics , Gene Frequency , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA/methods
9.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 522-525, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of three Chinese medical formulae (Zhifei Mixture I , Zhfei Mixture II, and Zhifei Mixture II) on main and secondary symptoms and signs of children with Totally 70 mycoplasma pneumonia in treating three types of children mycoplasma pneumonia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>children with mycoplasma pneumonia were assigned to the control group (38 cases) and the treatment group (32 case). All patients were intravenously injected with Azithromycin and took Ambroxol Hydrochloride and Clenbuterol Hydrochloride Oral Solution. Those in the treatment group additionally took Zhifei Mixture I , Zhfei Mixture II, and Zhifei Mixture Ill by syndrome typing. Their main and secondary symptoms and signs were observed before and after treatment (main symptoms and signs covered fever, cough, abundant sputum, short breath, and anoxia; secondary symptoms and signs covered aversion to cold, heart rate, facial complexion, spirit, appetite, and sweating).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven patients were lost in this study. Compared with before treatment in the same group, scores for main and secondary symptoms and signs decreased in the treatment group (P <0.01). The therapeutic effect on fever and cough was obviously better in the control group (P <0.01). The main and secondary symptoms and signs were more obviously improved in the treatment group than in the control group (P <0.01). Commpared with the control group, scores for main and secondary symptoms and signs decreased more in the treatment group (P <0.01). Patients' main and secondary symptoms and signs were more obviously improved (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Zhifei Mixture combined Western drugs could significantly improve main and secondary symptoms and signs of mycoplasma pneumonia children patients. Its efficacy was superior to that of using Western medicine alone.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Ambroxol , Therapeutic Uses , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Azithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Clenbuterol , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Expectorants , Therapeutic Uses , Fever , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Drug Therapy , Syndrome
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 122-124, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-983805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on a retrospective analysis of the drunk driving cases, to explore the drunk drivers' personnel composition, occurrence time and psychology.@*METHODS@#As a result of punishment of the drunk driving by criminal law for one year from May 1st, 2011 to April 30th, 2012, 91 drunk driving cases were statistically analyzed the easy-happening time of drunk driving, the drunk drivers' age, gender, occupational characteristics, domicile and psychological factors.@*RESULTS@#In 97 drunk driving cases, 26-40 years old, non-local domiciled and non-professional male drivers were prone to drunk driving at night from 22:00 to 5:00.@*CONCLUSION@#The behavior of drunk driving is relevant to time, age, genders and occupation. The psychological characteristics of most drivers are fluky, making-life-easy, competitive and peacockish.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Alcohol Drinking , Alcoholic Intoxication/psychology , Automobile Driving/psychology , China/epidemiology , Forensic Medicine , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Social Behavior , Time Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 504-507, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260953

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of blood activating and cooling, stasis removing herbs on the occurrence rate of Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 141 HSP children patients with bleeding of the blood stasis syndrome and of the blood heat syndrome (having normal results of urine routines) were assigned to the blood activating and stasis removing group and the blood cooling and arresting group. They were treated with blood activating and stasis removing herbs and blood cooling and arresting herbs respectively for eight weeks. The occurrence rate and time of the renal injury, changes of transforming growth factor (TGF), D-dimer (D-D), immunoglobulin (Ig), urine micro-protein, and urease before and after treatment were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The occurrence of the renal injury in the blood activating and stasis removing group was 36.2%, obviously lower than that in the blood cooling and arresting group (69.4%). The occurrence time of the renal injury was 32.2 +/- 10.6 days, obviously later than that in the blood cooling and arresting group (20.0 +/- 9.0 days), showing statistical difference (P<0.05). The levels of TGF, D-D, IgA, microglobulin (MG), immunoglobulin G (IgG), albuminuria (ALB) of children patients in the blood activating and stasis removing group were lower after treatment than before treatment, showing significant difference (P<0.05). Significant difference was also shown when compared with those of the blood cooling and arresting group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The application of activating blood and removing stasis method could lower the probability of the renal injury in Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). It played a role in preventing the occurrence of HSPN.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Incidence , Kidney Diseases , Epidemiology , Phytotherapy , IgA Vasculitis , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 195-199, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate serum IL-18 levels in mice with collagen-induced arthritis treated by recombinant adenoviral vector containing mIL-18BP and mIL-4 fusion gene (AdmIL-18BP/mIL-4).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Arthritis was induced by injection of collagen in male DBA-1/BOM mice. Mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were intra-articularly injected with 10(7)pfu/6μL of AdmIL-18BP/mIL-4; and in mice of control groups AdLacZ or PBS were used. The animals were sacrificed at week 1, 2 and 4 after treatment. Serum IL-18 levels were determined by ELISA at the different time points.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The mean serum levels of IL-18 at weeks 1, 2, and 4 after injection of AdmIL-18BP/mIL-4 were (36.5±5.4)ng/L, (32.5 ± 3.2) ng/L and (28.7 ±2.9)ng/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those at the same time point of AdLacZ group [(66.2 ±5.1)ng/L, (69.2 ±4.2)ng/L and (77.7 ±3.9)ng/L] and PBS group [(67.3 ±7.1)ng/L, (71.9 ±1.8)ng/L and (78.7±4.1)ng/L] (P<0.01 at all time points). In the therapy group, there were no significant differences in the mean serum concentrations of IL-18 at all time points.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The serum IL-18 levels in CIA mice are down-regulated by treatment of recombinant adenovirus containing mIL-18BP and mIL-4 fuse gene, which might be a promising therapeutic strategy for rheumatoid arthritis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Adenoviridae , Genetics , Arthritis, Experimental , Blood , Therapeutics , Gene Fusion , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Interleukin-18 , Blood , Genetics , Interleukin-4 , Genetics , Mice, Inbred DBA
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