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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921663


The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome of blood stasis refers to blood stagnation in meridians and viscera, with the main symptoms of pain, mass, bleeding, purple tongue, and unsmooth pulse. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are among the major chronic diseases seriously harming the health of the Chinese. Among the coronary heart disease and stroke patients, most demonstrate the blood stasis syndrome. Platelet is considered to be one of the necessary factors in thrombosis, which closely relates to the TCM syndrome of blood stasis and the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The clinical and laboratory research on platelet activation and aggregation has been paid more and more attention. Its purpose is to treat and prevent blood stasis syndrome. In this study, the authors analyzed the research on the dysfunctions of platelets in blood stasis syndrome, biological basis of TCM blood stasis syndrome, and the effect of blood-activating stasis-resolving prescriptions on platelets, aiming at providing a reference for exploring the mechanism of platelet intervention in the treatment of TCM blood stasis syndrome and the pathways and targets of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of the syndrome.

Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Platelet Activation , Syndrome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343692


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of the haplotypes and genotype combinations of vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI (rs1544410), Tru9I (rs757343), ApaI (rs7975232), and TaqI (rs731236) with the susceptibility to elevated blood lead in Chinese Han population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Chronic Lead Poisoning (GBZ 37-2002) and Occupational Exposure Limits for Hazardous Agents in the Workplace Part 1: Chemical Hazardous Agents (GBZ 2.1-2007), the workers were divided into high-exposure group (lead dust ≥ 0.05 mg/m(3), lead fume ≥ 0.03 mg/m(3)) and low-exposure group based on the concentrations of lead fume and lead dust in the workplace. The high-exposure group was further divided into normal-blood lead subgroup and high-blood lead subgroup. Fasting peripheral venous blood (5 ml) was collected using a heparin tube; genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood cells with a Qiagen kit; single nucleotide polymorphisms were detected by allelic discrimination assay using TaqMan probes (carrying fluorescent dyes); haplotypes were analyzed and compared by Haploview.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VDR BsmI, Tru9I, ApaI, and TaqI were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium between the normal-blood lead subgroup and high-blood lead subgroup (P > 0.05). Compared with haplotype CCCA which had the highest distribution frequency, haplotypes CCAA and CTCA were the high-risk factors for elevated blood lead (OR = 1.814, 95%CI = 1.055 ∼ 3.119; OR = 1.919, 95%CI = 1.040 ∼ 3.540). Compared with genotype combination CC + CC + CC + AA which had the highest distribution frequency, genotype combination CC + CC + AC + AA was the high-risk factor for elevated blood lead (OR = 2.800, 95%CI = 1.282 ∼ 6.116).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As for VDR BsmI, Tru9I, ApaI, and TaqI, haplotypes CCAA and CTCA and genotype combination CC + CC + AC + AA are associated with the susceptibility to elevated blood lead.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Lead , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol , Genetics , Young Adult
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 946-951, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295766


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the sensitivity to bortezomib of RPMI8226 cells after co-cultured with down-regulated Caveolin (Cav)-1 expression of HUVECs by transfection with Cav-1 shRNA (HUVECs(Cav-1 low)).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exposure to bortezomib with or without 50 nmol/L dexamethasone at different concentration, the proliferation of RPMI8226 was analyzed by MTT assay when it was cultured alone or co-cultured with HUVECs(Cav-1 low). Cav-1 expression was detected by using of Western blot and cell cycle, apoptosis and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cav-1 expression was notably down-regulated in HUVECs(Cav-1 low) (0.2199±0.0288 vs 1.3195±0.2393) (P<0.01). The IC(50) of bortezomib for RPMI8226 cultured alone, co-cultured with HUVECs orHUVECCav- 1 low were 20 nmol/L, 50 nmol/L and 65 nmol/L, respectively. The percentages of G₀/G₁ phase in RPMI8226 cultured alone, co-cultured with HUVECs and HUVECs(Cav-1 low) were 28.49%, 30.41%, and 36.15% respectively. The protection of RPMI 8226 against apoptosis by HUVECs was demonstrated that the apoptosis/death rates were 66.8%, 10.7% and 8.6% in RPMI8226 cultured alone, co-cultured with HUVECs and HUVECs(Cav-1 low) after exposure to 20 nmol/L bortezomib for 24 h. RPMI8226 could induce the oxidative stress of HUVECs before and after co-culture. The ROS level was raised from 15.0% to 35.2% in RPMI8226, from 80.4% to 91.0% in HUVECs, and from 84.6% to 96.8% in HUVECs(Cav-1 low).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The down-regulated Cav-1 expression of HUVECs could promote proliferation and induce apoptosis of RMPI8226 cells, lead to G₀/G₁ phase arrest, and reduce the sensitivity to bortezomib.</p>

Apoptosis , Boronic Acids , Pharmacology , Bortezomib , Caveolin 1 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Down-Regulation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pyrazines , Pharmacology
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 788-793, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272113


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a co- culture system of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and multiple myeloma (MM) cells and investigate the alterations of connexin 43 (CX43) expression and stromal derived growth factor (SDF)- 1α secretion of MSC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CX43 expression and SDF- 1α secretion of MM cell lines (RPMI8226) and human primary MM cells were analyzed by western blot and immunofluorescence. Western blot, RT- PCR and immunofluorescence were employed to detect the alterations of CX43 expression and distribution in MSC directly and indirectly co-cultured with myeloma cells. Lucifer yellow dye spread was utilized to evaluate gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) between co- cultured MSC. Transwell was applied to study the transmigration of RPMI8266 induced by MSC under the condition of 18α- glycyrrhetinic acid (18α-GA). The level of SDF- 1α was detected by EILSA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RPMI8266, U266 and one-third primary MM cells expressed CX43 at low or moderate levels. CX43 wasn't expressed in XG- 4 and XG- 7 cells but highly expressed in MSC. The expressions of CX43 mRNA of MSC were up- regulated after directly and indirectly co- cultured with RPMI8226, 1.36 and 2.10 times that of MSC cultured alone respectively. Western blot analysis showed that CX43 protein expression of MSC was also up-regulated, mainly distributed in cytoplasm. Lucifer yellow dye spread showed that GJIC was up-regulated in MSC. SDF-1α concentration in supernatant of MSC directly and indirectly co-cultured with RPMI8226 were (373.02±10.11)pg/ml and (309.71±10.71)pg/ml respectively, which were higher than that of MSC cultured alone (237.84±9.23)pg/ml (P<0.01), and could be inhibited by 18α-GA [(237.84±9.23)pg/ml and (94.31±6.44)pg/ml] respectively (P<0.01). 18α-GA could inhibit the transmigration of RPMI8226 induced by MSC, decrease from (8.00±0.67)% to (4.82±0.19)%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CX43 expression of MSC was up-regulated after directly and indirectly co-cultured with MM cells, which could improve the level of SDF-1α secretion of MSC. GJ inhibitor could downregulate SDF-1α secretion of MSC and inhibit the transmigration of MM cells induced by MSC.</p>

Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Line, Tumor , Chemokine CXCL12 , Bodily Secretions , Coculture Techniques , Connexin 43 , Bodily Secretions , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 355-360, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348951


In the present study, the regulation of Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) on astragaloside IV biosynthesis was investigated. An intermediate expression vector consisting of the CaMV35S promoter fused to the vgb and nopaline synthase terminator was transferred into Astragalus membranaceus via Agrobacterium rhizogenes. The transgenic hairy roots were confirmed by PCR amplification and Southern blot hybridization. The expression of vgb in transgenic hairy roots was confirmed by RT-PCR. After 15 days cultivation, the dry weight and growth rate of transgenic hairy roots were higher than that of the non-transgenic hairy root. ELSD-HPLC analysis showed that astragaloside IV content of transgenic hairy roots was 5 to 6 times of non-transgenic hairy root control and 10 to 12 times of Radix Astragali from Shanxi Province. These results suggested that the expression of vgb promoted the growth of transgenic hairy roots, and increased the content of astragaloside IV.

Astragalus propinquus , Genetics , Metabolism , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified , Genetics , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Metabolism , Saponins , Triterpenes , Truncated Hemoglobins , Genetics , Metabolism , Vitreoscilla , Genetics
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 496-499, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642177


Objective To investigate the effects of essential trace elements selenium, zinc, copper, iron,cobalt, chromium and molybdenum upon arsenic poisoning caused by coal-burning. Methods Stratified random sampling method was used to conduct epidemiological investigation on 139 arsenic exposed residents(including nonpatient, light, moderate and severe patients) in an area polluted by coal-burning arsenic in Xingren county of Guizhou province as exposure group. Control group included 34 residents who lived about 13 km away from the endemic area of arsenic contamination. Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to analyze arsenic, selenium, zinc, copper, iron, cobalt, chromium and molybdenum in coal, soil, rice,corn, chilli, hair, blood and urine. Results Arsenic content in coal, soil, corn and chilli of polluted area were 4.894,146.551,0.522,1.440 mg/kg, respectively. These arsenic content were significantly higher than those in control area which were 1.980,50.167,0.296,0.948 mg/kg, respectively(P < 0.05 or < 0.01) . The content of selenium in soil of the diseased area(5.038 mg/kg) was significantly lower than that in soil of control area(8.948 mg/kg, P <0.05). The content of copper, iron, chromium in soil and iron in corn were 44.114,5731.500,98.323,89.996 mg/kg, respectively. These elements content were significantly higher than those in control area which were 13.473,1298.430,36.839,57.391 mg/kg, respectively (all P < 0.05) . Hair and urine arsenic levels were 1.985mg/kg and 149.593 μg/g Cr in exposed group, respectively. These arsenic levels were significantly higher than those in control group which were 0.670 mg/kg and 49.853 μg/g Cr, respectively(all P < 0.01) . Hair selenium level in exposed group(1.706 mg/kg) was significantly lower than that in control group(2.405 mg/kg, P < 0.01). Hair levels of iron and chromium, blood level of eopper and the ratio between copper and zinc in exposed group were 88.295,8.933 mg/kg, 1.053 mg/L and 0.074, respectively. These element levels and elements ratio were significantly higher than those in control group which were 47.970,4.099 mg/kg, 0.934 mg/L and 0.065, respectively(P < 0.01 or < 0.05). Hair selenium level was negatively correlated with the progression of arsenism(r = - 0.414, P < 0.01) .Hair levels of iron and chromium, the ratio between copper and zinc in blood were positively correlated with the progression of arsenism(r = 0.271,0.261,0.250, all P < 0.01) . Conclusions Low selenium, high copper, high iron and high chromium coexists in arsenic polluted area. In exposed group, hair selenium is low, hair iron and chromium, blood copper and ratio between copper and zinc are high. These element changes with environment trend.These element changes are associated with the occurrence and development of the disease caused by coal-burning.