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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 111-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013292

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the short-term knee function recovery of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after discharge and analyze its related factors. MethodsFrom December, 2022 to April, 2023, 140 adult patients who underwent TKA in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital and being about to be discharged were selected as the survey subjects using convenient sampling. Potential influencing factors were selected based on a literature review. They were investigated with general information questionnaire, Rehabilitation Exercise Compliance Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale for Rehabilitation Exercise (SER), Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS), and joint range of motion measurements before discharge, and were investigated with the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score (HSS) one month after discharge. ResultsA total of 130 patients finished follow-up. One month after discharge, the HSS score ranged from 40 to 82, with an average of (70.89±6.26). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that Body Mass Index (B = -0.423, 95%CI -0.622 to -0.224, P < 0.001), pre-discharge VAS (B = -1.016, 95%CI -1.198 to -0.113, P = 0.028), rehabilitation exercise compliance (B = 0.267, 95%CI 0.121 to 0.413, P < 0.001), SER (B = 0.478, 95%CI 0.315 to 0.642, P < 0.001), and knee joint flexion contracture angle (B = -0.251, 95%CI -0.414 to -0.088, P = 0.003) could influence HSS score one month after discharge (R2 = 0.615, F =17.106, P < 0.001). ConclusionPatients after TKA have recovered well in short time after discharge, however, there is still significant room for improvement. Clinical healthcare providers should design and implement appropriate interventions based on related factors to improve the function.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2745-2749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the extraction process of polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale, and preliminarily study its effect on acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. METHODS Using D. officinale as raw material, the polysaccharides were extracted from D. officinale by ultrasonic-assisted hot water immersion. Using the extraction rate of D. officinale polysaccharides as response value, the single-factor experiments and Box-Behnken response surface method were used to optimize the ratio of material to liquid, extraction time and extraction temperature. ALI mice were induced by lipopolysaccharide. Using prednisone acetate (5 mg/kg) as the positive control, the effects on the mass ratio of wet and dry lung and pathological changes of lung tissue (HE staining and Masson staining) of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose D. officinale polysaccharides (50,100,200 mg/kg) were investigated. RESULTS The optimal extraction technology of D. officinale polysaccharides was as follows: the ratio of material to liquid was 1∶25 (g/mL), the extracting time was 1 h, and the extracting temperature was 58 ℃ . Under these conditions, the average extraction rate of D. officinale polysaccharides was 37.75% (RSD=1.12%,n=3), the relative error of which with predicted value (38.63%) was 2.28%. Compared with the model group, the ratios of wet and dry lung in the positive control group and D. officinale polysaccharides groups were all decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the pathological changes in lung tissue (severe destruction of alveolar structure, significant widening of alveolar septa, extensive infiltration of inflammatory cells and proliferation of fibroblasts) were alleviated to varying degrees. CONCLUSIONS The optimal extraction process of D. officinale polysaccharides is feasible; the obtained polysaccharide extract has a certain improvement effect on ALI in mice.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 192-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of urine semi-quantitative colorimetry by sodium dithionite reduction method in the diagnosis and treatment of diquat poisoning.Methods:The data of 49 patients with acute diquat poisoning treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 3, 2020 to November 23, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, the correlation between urine colorimetric results and plasma diquat concentration was observed, and the predictive value of urine colorimetric results for target organ damage and prognosis were evaluated.Results:There was a significant correlation between urine colorimetric results and plasma diquat concentration, the correlation coefficient was r=0.89, P <0.01. The cut-off value of urine colorimetry for the predicting the damage of gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, and central nervous system injury were 2.5, 3.5, 3.5, 5.5, respectively; in which the urine colorimetric results showed the highest sensitivity in predicting digestive tract injury [ AUC 0.93 (95% CI:0.89-1.00)]. The cut-off value of urine colorimetry for the prognosis of death was 4.5, the positive predictive value was 64.2%, and the negative predictive value was 95.2%. Conclusions:The urine semi-quantitative method can be used for rapid prediction of the plasma diquat concentration range on admission. The urine colorimetry results can also effectively predict the occurrence of organ injury and clinical outcome related to diquat poisoning, which provides evidence for the clinical diagnosis and therapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2926-2938, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981241

ABSTRACT

Dracaena marginata is a widely cultivated horticultural plant in the world, which has high ornamental and medicinal value. In this study, the whole genome of leaves from D. marginata was sequenced by Illumina HiSeq 4000 platform. The chloroplast genome were assembled for functional annotation, sequence characteristics and phylogenetic analysis. The results showed that the chloroplast genome of D. marginata composed of four regions with a size of 154 926 bp, which was the smallest chloroplast genome reported for Dracaena species to date. A total of 132 genes were identified, including 86 coding genes, 38 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes. Codon bias analysis found that the codon usage bias was weak and there was a bias for using A/U base endings. 46 simple sequence repeat and 54 repeats loci were detected in the chloroplast genome, with the maximum detection rate in the large single copy region and inverted repeat region, respectively. The inverted repeats boundaries of D. marginata and Dracaena were highly conserved, whereas gene location differences occurred. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that D. serrulata and D. cinnabari form a monophyletic clade, which was the closest relationship and conformed to the morphological classification characteristics. The analysis of the chloroplast genome of D. marginata provides important data basis for species identification, genetic diversity and chloroplast genome engineering of Dracaena.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Dracaena , Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Base Sequence , Genes, Plant
5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 970-976, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986615

ABSTRACT

Digestive tract reconstruction is one of the key operations of gastric cancer surgery. Its quality directly affects the occurrence of postoperative complications and long-term nutritional status and quality of life. Reasonable selection of digestive tract reconstruction in totally laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer can significantly reduce postoperative complications and improve postoperative nutritional status and quality of life. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of digestive tract anastomosis used in total laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy, explores the best possible anastomosis at present, describes the progress of anastomosis in complete laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy, and introduces the progress of physiology and biomechanical reconstruction theory.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 893-899, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824989

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    By establishing a set of evaluation system for thoracoscopic clinical function and applicability, to evaluate and compare the advantages and disadvantages of different brands of thoracoscopes, and to provide some suggestions for the innovation and upgrade of thoracoscopes, especially for the domestic thoracoscopes. Methods    The project coordination team initially formulated the evaluation index system for the clinical function and applicability of thoracoscope by querying literature and brainstorming. The Delphi expert consultation method was used to distribute questionnaires to the selected experts. Experts provided scores which were based on the importance of each indicator, and clarified the basis of their judgment and the familiarity with the evaluation indicators. After two rounds of screening by Delphi method, a thoracoscopic clinical function and applicability satisfactory questionnaire was formed. The appropriate sample for pre-investigation was selected, and the reliability and validity were tested. The index composition was adjusted based on the results of the test to form a final evaluation scale. Results    The project coordination team initially formulated 24 thoracoscope-related evaluation indicators. After two rounds of experts consultation, the item "brightness adjustment" was deleted without any additional entries. The positive coefficients of the experts in the first round and the second round were 100.0% and 80.0%, respectively. The two rounds of authoritative coefficients were 0.86 and 0.90, and the coordination coefficients were 0.272 (P<0.001) and 0.523 (P<0.001), respectively. A total of 140 questionnaires were issued in this pre-investigation. The recovery rate was 100.0% and the effective rate was 90.0%. The Cronbach's α value of the scale was 0.936, and the Spearman-Brown split-half reliability coefficient was 0.972. The factor analysis finally extracted 3 common factors. The total variance of the cumulative interpretation was 70.9%. The three common factors were named "operation related", "image related" and "device related". Conclusion    The evaluation index system developed in this study has good reliability and validity, and can be used as a tool to evaluate the clinical function and applicability of thoracoscopes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 23-30, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610202

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of platelet in the development of salt-sensitive hypertension.Methods 25 Dahl salt-sensitive rats (Dahl SS) were divided into three groups: low-salt diet (0.12% NaCl, LS), high-salt diet (8%NaCl, HS) and high-salt diet + platelet inhibitor (8%NaCl+busulfan, HS+bus).Blood pressures were measured by tail-cuff method.After six weeks, animals were sacrificed.Platelet p-selectin expression, platelet cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, platelet-leukocyte aggregation (PLA) in peripheral blood, and immune cells infiltrated on aortic walls were assessed by flow cytometry, and serum IL-6 level was tested by ELISA in vivo.Platelets purified from SD rats were treated with normal salt (0.9%NaCl) and high salt (1.3%NaCl), then the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and p-selectin expression of platelet were detected.Results We found that Dahl SS rats with high-salt diet, relative to low-salt diet, presented with high blood pressure and increased the ratio of platelet p-selectin expression, Ca2+ concentration.IL-6 level and PLA in peripheral blood, and the number of infiltrated immune cells on aortic walls were also significantly elevated in high-salt diet group.The whole events were ameliorated by the platelet inhibitor busulfan.Cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and p-selectin expression were also increased in purified platelets treated with high salt than those treated with low salt (P < 0.05).Conclusions Our findings suggest that high salt induced platelet activation with increased Ca2+ concentration may play an important role in the development of salt-sensitive hypertension via vascular inflammation.However, the detailed mechanisms of platelet activation and development of high blood pressure via inflammation induced by high salt intake remain to be determined.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 208-214, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256762

ABSTRACT

The 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate reductase (HDR) is the last step key enzyme of the methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway, synthesizing isopentenyl diphosphate and its allyl isomer dimethylallyl diphosphate, which is important for regulation of isoprenoid biosynthesis. Here the full-length cDNA of, designated(GenBank Accession No. KJ933412.1), was isolated fromfor the first time. TwHDR has an open reading frame (ORF) of 1386 bp encoding 461 amino acids. TwHDR exhibits high homology with HDRs of other plants, with an N-terminal conserved domain and three conserved cysteine residues.cDNA was cloned into an expression vector and transformed into anmutant. Since loss-of-functionmutant is lethal, the result showed that transformation ofcDNA rescued themutant. This complementation assay suggests that thecDNA encodes a functional HDR enzyme. The expression ofwas induced by methyl-jasmonate (MJ) insuspension cells. The expression ofreached the highest level after 1 h of MJ treatment. These results indicate that we have identified a functional TwHDR enzyme, which may play a pivotal role in the biosynthesis of diterpenoid triptolide in.

9.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 432-439, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615034

ABSTRACT

Sauropunol A-D potentially with anti-inflammatory,anti-bacterial activities were recently isolated from traditional Chinese medicinal plant Sauropus rostratus.Herein,we report the total synthesis of sauropunol (A-D) starting from a commercially available 2-deoxy-D-arabino-hexopyranose.The trifluoromethane sulfonation of intermediates could simultaneously trigger intramolecular cyclization to afford 3,6-anhydro hexofuranoside scaffold.The following deprotection reaction could produce sauropunol A,B and C/D with total yields of 21%,5%,and 17% (isomer sauropunol C/D),respectively.Structures of the target compounds were confirmed by comparison with NMR spectroscopic properties of those previously reported.

10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 46-62, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757162

ABSTRACT

Single particle analysis, which can be regarded as an average of signals from thousands or even millions of particle projections, is an efficient method to study the three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules. An intrinsic assumption in single particle analysis is that all the analyzed particles must have identical composition and conformation. Thus specimen heterogeneity in either composition or conformation has raised great challenges for high-resolution analysis. For particles with multiple conformations, inaccurate alignments and orientation parameters will yield an averaged map with diminished resolution and smeared density. Besides extensive classification approaches, here based on the assumption that the macromolecular complex is made up of multiple rigid modules whose relative orientations and positions are in slight fluctuation around equilibriums, we propose a new method called as local optimization refinement to address this conformational heterogeneity for an improved resolution. The key idea is to optimize the orientation and shift parameters of each rigid module and then reconstruct their three-dimensional structures individually. Using simulated data of 80S/70S ribosomes with relative fluctuations between the large (60S/50S) and the small (40S/30S) subunits, we tested this algorithm and found that the resolutions of both subunits are significantly improved. Our method provides a proof-of-principle solution for high-resolution single particle analysis of macromolecular complexes with dynamic conformations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Computer Simulation , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Methods , Crystallography, X-Ray , Macromolecular Substances , Chemistry , Models, Molecular , Protein Conformation , Ribosomes , Chemistry
11.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 24-28,19, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600816

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether dopamine D5 receptor (D5R) regulates the development of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by inhibiting oxidative stress.Methods We developed heart-specific hD5 mutant (α-MHC-hD5F173L) and wild type (α-MHC-hD5WT) transgenic mice.The NOX2 expression and ROS production were tested in the transgenic mice at three month of age.The α-MHC-hD5F173L mice were treated with either NADPH oxidase inhibitor Apocynin (1mmol/kg/day) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) as control by intraperitoneal injection for 4 weeks.After then, the indexes of heart function were measured.The hD5WT and hD5F173L were transfected respectively in rat H9C2 cells, in which ROS production and NOX2 expression were detected at basal level.Results The ROS production and NOX2 expression were higher in the heart of α-MHC-hD5F173L than α-MHC-hD5WT mice.Apocynin treatment improved the heart function of α-MHC-hD5F173L mice.NOX2 expression and ROS production were higher in hD5F173L than hD5WT transfected H9C2 cells.Conclusions Dopomine D5 receptor may prevent DCM development by inhibiting oxidative stress.

12.
Acta Nutrimenta Sinica ; (6)1956.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-550845

ABSTRACT

10g corn meal was mixed with 200ml Na2HPO4/KH2PO4 buffer (1/15M, pH6.81, containtng ammonium oxalate 0.6%, MgSO4 0.01%, FeSO4 0.002%) in a 500ml flask, then was inoculated with Candids tropicalis, and 1.5g ?-amylase was added at the same time. The substrate was cultivated in a shaker at 30℃, 200r/min for 3 days. The protein content increased from 8.4% to 23.4% (P

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