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1.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200952

ABSTRACT

Background:Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer, whichadversely affectsthesurvival and quality of life ofcancer patients.However, there is no national data on the prevalence of malnutrition inChinese cancer patients. Thisstudy aims to evaluate the prevalenceof malnutrition and quality of life(QOL)ofChinese patients with localregional, recurrentor metastatic cancer,to address the prognostic value of nutritional status and QOLon the survival of cancer patients in China and to validate the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire in Chinese cancer patients.Methods:Thisisanobservational,multi-centered,and hospital-based prospective cohort study.We aimed to recruit 50,000 cancer patients (age 18and above)overan 8-year period.Data collection will occur within 48hrafter patientsare admitted to hospital, 30-days after hospital admission, and the follow-up will be conducted1-8years after enrolment. The primary outcomeisoverall survival, and secondaryoutcomes arelength of hospital stay and hospital costs. Factors measured are demographic characteristics, tumor characteristics, anthropometry measurements,hematological measurement, body composition, PG-SGAscores,Karnofsky performance status scores,and QLQ C30 scores. This protocol wasapproved by local ethical committees of all the participant hospitals.Conclusions: This multi-centered, large-scale, long-time follow-up prospective study will help diagnose malnutrition in cancer patients in China, and identify the related risk factors associated with the negative outcomes. The anticipated results will highlight the need for a truly scientific appraisal of nutrition therapy, and help to improve outcomes among cancer patients in China.Trial Registration: The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020329. Registered on 19 December 2018

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812987

ABSTRACT

Protein tyrosine phosphatase H-type receptor (PTPRH) gene encodes a gastric cancer associated protein, which exerts its biological function through tyrosine phosphorylation in the post-translational COOH- terminal region. PTPRH is abnormally expressed in a variety of tumors, and its biological function is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphorylation , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Proteins , Stomach Neoplasms , Tyrosine
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827397

ABSTRACT

To propose the architectural layout for the big general hospital in the face of public health emergencies, we analyzed the conditions, methods, problems and countermeasures for the reconstruction of the isolation ward from the existing medical building layout of a general hospital. The affected areas met the requirements of isolation ward in the reconstruction, and realized the corresponding partition and separation of people. But the cost of occupying the medical room should be concerned. General hospital should be alerted to potential risks of public health emergencies. The characteristics of different construction types, defects, and the function of the hospital should be considered in the construction, rebuilding, and expansion of the hospital, which shouldnot only meet the needs of the development of the hospital daily usage but also consider dealing with emergent public health events. We can adopt the reasonable layout, including setting up a firewall-like device between the channel and the floor, an ordinary ward at ordinary times, and an independent space for emergency by pulling down the gate. This strategy can not only avoid the problem of low utilization rate of the space occupied by the corresponding area in the ward for diseases spread by air and droplets, maximizing the efficiency of the medical site, but also avoid the problem of emergency response to the temporary reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Facility Design and Construction , Hospitals, General , Humans , Public Health
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485731

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pedicle screw fixation is a common repair method for thoracolumbar fractures. Of them, pedicle screw placement into the injured vertebra is an important method. However, the long-term effects and the related biomechanical properties deserve further analysis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term effect and biomechanical characteristics of the internal fixation of thoracolumbar fractures by pedicle screw implantation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in 126 cases of thoracolumbar fractures. The patients were treated with pedicle screw implantation and the treatment was fol owed up regularly. Ten specimens of fresh calf chest and lumbar spines were obtained. Five specimens served as an experimental group to prepare models of anterior middle column fractures, and these specimens received pedicle screw fixation into the injured vertebra. The other five specimens served as the control group, and did not receive any treatment. In the two groups, along the sagittal axis, axial compression displacement, anterior flexion displacement, posterior extension displacement, torsion angle and pul -out strength were measured and recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Clinical trial results: 126 patients were fol owed up for 10-36 months. Compared with pre-treatment, compression ratio of the injured vertebra, the height of intervertebral space, vertebral slip distance, visual analogue score and Cobb angle were significantly improved at 1 month after treatment and during final fol ow-up (al P 0.05). At the end of fol ow-up, Frankel spinal cord injury grade was significantly improved (Z=-4.127, P 0.05). (3) Above findings showed that pedicle screw fixation into the injured vertebra for thoracolumbar fractures obtained good long-term effects, and had good biomechanical properties.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of surgical management and prognosis of left obstructive colorectal carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 109 patients with acute left obstructive colorectal carcinoma treated by emergent operation in Xiangya Hospital from October 2000 to February 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 109 patients received operation. Of them, 66 patients received one stage tumor resection and intestinal anastomosis. Postoperative complication rate was 26.6%(29/109) and mortality rate was 0.9%(1/109). The postoperative 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 94.4%, 73.3%, and 43.2%, respectively. The 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rates of patients receiving curative resection were 100.0%,93.6%, and 66.7%, respectively. With univariate analysis, radical resection, Dukes stage, tumor differentiation, and chemotherapy were found to be significant factors associating with the overall survival. With multivariate analysis, radical resection independently affected the overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#One stage radical resection and anastomosis are feasible for left obstructive colorectal carcinoma. Appropriate choice of the operative procedure, skillful operative techniques, and prudential peri-operative treatment can enhance the curative effect and patients quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528577

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the optimal procedure of digestive tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy.Methods The clinical data of 122 patients who underwent total gastrectomy in the recent 6 years were(analyzed) retrospectively.Three types of reconstruction procedures,including Orr-type Roux-en-Y(esophagojejunostomy),P-type jejunal pouch Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy and distal jejunal aboral pouch Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy,were performed.Results There were no significant differences among the three procedures in heartburn and the amount of food intake,frequencies of meal,weight loss,dumping(syndrome),and hemoglobin and albumin levels.The operation time in P-type group was longer than the other two group(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521242

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the expression of transforming growth factor-? 1(TGF-? 1) and the differentiation and metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma. Methods The expression of transforming growth factor-? 1 in 42 samples of colorectal adenocarcinoma was observed with immunohistochemical technique. Results ⑴The levels of TGF-? 1 expression were significantly higher in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma than that in high differentiated cancer (P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521103

ABSTRACT

Objective To exprole the effect of surgical management of obstructive colorectal carcinoma. Methods A restrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 76 cases of acute obstructive colorectal carcinoma treated by emergent operation in Xiangya Hospital from October 1997 to October 2002.Among the 76 cases,there were 23 cases of right colon obstruction and 53 cases of left colon or rectal obstruction. Results All the 76 patients received opreation , 55 patients received one stage tumor resection and large intestinal anastomosis, including 19 in right colon and 36 in left colon or rectal obstruetion.Postoperative complications rate was 15.7%(11/76) in this series,including anastomotic leakage in 2, disruption of wound in 1, infection of incisional wound in 6, and pneumonia in 2.Expect one patient died of MSOF,the others were curred by non-operation therapy.The postoperative 1,3,5year survival rate was 98.3%,55%,38.5% in this series.Conclusions One stage resection and anastomosis is a feasible operation for obstructive colorectal carcinoma.Appropriate choice of the operative procedure, skillful operative technique,and prudential perioperative treatment can enhance the cuerative effect and the patients quality of life.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520976

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical values of CEA,CA199 in predicting recurrence of colonic cancer.Methods Radioimmunoassay (RIA) was used to measure serum CEA and CA199 in 60 colonic cancer recurrence patients and 60 non-gastrointestinal patients.Results The serum CEA and CA199 levels in colonic cancer group were significantly higher than those in control group (P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521737

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the indication,operation pattern and therapeutic effect of ano-saving surgery for lower rectal carcinoma. Methods Retrospective analysis on the clinical feature of 320 patients with lower rectal carcinoma (postoperative time ≥5 years)treated by ano-saving surgery, the 5-year survival rate, local recurrence rate, and mortality were compared in the various operations. Results The success performed rate of ano-saving operation for lower rectal cancer was 58.5%(320/547).Among them, anastomotic leakage after surgery occurred in 4 cases (1.25%), and 26 cases had anastomostic narrowness (8.13%) within 1 year after surgery.The defecation function after surgery, in patients received colonic J pouch or transverse coloplasty pouch was much better than that in patients received coloanal or colorectal anastomosis. 5-year survival rates, and anastomostic recurrence rates were as follows:In ultra-low anastomosis were 63.24% and 10.27%. Park′s operation 66.67% and 5.13%, local resection 89.46% and 10.71%, respectively. 5-year recurrence rate in the pelvic soft tissue was 3.44%(11/320).Two cases died after operation. Conclusions Lower or ultra-low colon-rectum anastomosis becomes the main operative pattern in preserving anal sphincter in lower rectal cancer.Local resection of lower rectal tumor might be considered if the indecation is selected strictly. Colonic-J-pouch or transverse coloplasty pouch is good for improving the defecation function after ano-saving surgery for lower rectal cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524853

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the principles of treatment for severe acute pancreatitis(SAP). Methods A retrospective analysis of the data of 217 cases of SAP with regards to clinical features,mortality rate and conversion to surgical operation.In this group,66 cases received early operation and 24 cases were converted to operation after initial conservative treatment.Results The overall cure rate was 80.2%(174/217). Among them,90 cases underwent operative treatment,with a cure rate of 72.2%(65/90),and 127 cases underwent conservative treatment with a cure rate of 85.8%(109/127).Conclusions The initial treatment of SAP should be conservative. Operation should be performed if there is a specific indication for early surgical intervention,or for conversion to operation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524385

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of gastric volvulus. Methods The clinical data of 30 patients with gastric volvulus were analyzed retrospectively. Results 17 patients(56.7%) were diagnosed preoperatively,and 13 patients(43.3%) at exploratory laparotomy. 21 cases(70.0%) was diagnosed as organo-axial type, 8 cases(26.7%) as mesenterico-axial type, and 1 case((3.3%)) as combined type.3 patients underwent gastric volvulus restoration by endoscopy;27 patients (received) operation,and all the 30 patients were discharged in good health.All of the cases were followed up for 5 years;one case,treated by endoscopy,recurred,but none of the other cases recurred. Conclusions Laxity of gastric suspensory ligaments is the main pathogenetic factor of gastric volvulus,but its occurrence is usually caused by multiple factors.The diagnosis depends on the combined analysis of the clinical (manifestations) and radiographic studies or exploratory laparotomy. Operation is the first choice of treatment.

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