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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The effect of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on bone resorption is controversial. Our previous study has shown that bone resorption is significantly inhibited when AGEs present with pre-osteoclast cells RAW 264.7, while the effect of AGEs on osteoclastic acidification remains unknown. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of AGEs on osteoclastic acidification and the underlying mechanism. METHODS:RAW 264.7 cells were induced by RANKL (15μg/L;normal group) to generate osteoclasts, and AGEs (50-400 mg/L;experimental group) or bovine serum albumin (100 mg/L;control group) were added at the beginning of the induction. The effect of AGEs on bone resorption was evaIuated by anaIyzing the area of bone resorption on the Osteo Assay Surface plates, and the effect of AGEs on osteoclastic acidification was evaluated by acridine orange staining. Furthermore, the expression levels of V-ATPase a3 and CIC-7 were detected to investigate the underlying mechanism. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The bone resorption area in the AGEs group was significantly decreased compared with the normal group (P<0.05). Acridine orange staining reveaIed that the red fluorescence (620 nm) intensity in the AGEs group was significantly decreased compared with the normal group (P<0.05), and this inhibitory effect became obvious with the increase of AGEs concentration. Immunocytochemistry, western blot assay and PCR findings showed that the expression levels of V-ATPase a3 and CIC-7 in the AGEs group were decreased significantly compared with the normal group (P<0.05). To conclude, AGEs exert inhibitory effect on osteoclastic acidification, probably by inhibiting the expression of V-ATPase a3 and CIC-7.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Periprosthetic infection after artificial joint replacement is a disastrous complication for a patient. Currently, during treating for the periprosthetic infection, most of patients need two-stage revision, which bring about enormous physical and psychological pain for patients, and a heavy burden for the families and society. To make matters worse, the effect is not very perfect, and some of these cases require multi-stage revision, even amputation. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the therapeutic effect of vacuum sealing drainage combined with iodophor douche for the infection after artificial joint replacement. METHODS:Nine cases (six knees and three hips) of infection after artificial joint replacement were col ected, with an average age of 63.4 years. Infection occurred at 7 days-14 months, and a median time of 1 month after replacement. Al patients suffered from purulent or purulent blood secretion. Fistula formed in two cases and incision and drainage sites were not healed in one case. According to the bacterial culture results, above symptoms were accorded with clinical diagnosis of prosthesis infection. The prosthesis was remained for debridement. Vacuum sealing drainage was performed. Iodophor douche (30-50 mL) was conducted every day. The drainage tube at proximal end was occluded for 30 minutes, and then vacuum sealing drainage was performed. Al patients were regularly fol owed up to assess the therapeutic effects of vacuum sealing drainage combined with prosthesis infection after replacement. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Except that one case was stil in treatment, one case was dead, and one case of tumor prosthesis was failure and final y amputated, the remaining six patients were healed. (2) The time of vacuum sealing drainage and iodophor douche was 10 to 84 days, with the median time of 57 days. No adverse reactions or complications occurred. Al healed patients were fol owed up for 12-60 months, without recurrence. (3) These results indicated that vacuum sealing drainage combined with iodophor douche retained the prosthesis to the greatest degree, is simple, safe, and effective for the infection after artificial joint replacement, needs a low cost, and is a kind of therapy for prosthesis infection after artificial joint replacement.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463944

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have indicated that resistin stimulates a large set of chemokines in chondrocytes that are known to be important in inflammatory joint lesions. OBJECTIVE:To further investigate the mechanism of co-regulation roles of transcription and post-transcription in the up-regulation of two chemokine genes CCL3 and CCL4 in chondrocytes in response to resistin. METHODS:Human chondrocytes, T/C-28a2 and ATDC5 cels were cultured. The function of resistin on the chemokine genes, and the expression of C/EBPβ, nuclear factor-κB isoforms and chondrogenic specific miRNAs were tested by qPCR. The co-regulation of C/EBPβ and nuclear factor-κB was investigated by nuclear factor-κB inhibitor (IKK-NBD) and C/EBPβ inhibitor (SB303580) treatments, and subcelular localization was detected with or without resistin stimulation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Resistin could increase the expression of chemokine genes independently. Chondrocytes reacted in a non-restrictedly cel-specific manner to resistin; C/EBPβ inhibitor, nuclear factor-κB and some chondrogenic specific miRNAs in a combinatorial manner regulated chemokine gene expression. The activity of C/EBPβ was augmented by a transient increase in activity of nuclear factor-κB, and both transcription factors acted independently on the chemokine genes, CCL3 and CCL4.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acetabular cup orientation using a standard radiograph of the pelvis is quite common method to assess artificial hip replacement nowadays. Non-standardization of pelvic orientation affected accuracy of measurement results, and it is difficult to compare. OBJECTIVE: To make sure how pelvis tilting affect the anteveration of the cup and to elevate clinical accuracy and compare study comparability. METHODS: Designed a simulated acetabular cup with serial concentric circles which pass through the same polars and represent anteveration of 0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40°, Loaded the simulated acetabular cup at an inclination of 35°, 40°, 45°, 50°, 55° to6 cadaver pelves, Made the pelves tilt around the frontal axis and sagittal axis with 5° each time in a scope of+30°. Takestandard radiograph of the pelvis accordingly. Radiograph was photographed end frontal angle of dip was measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Pelvic tilt of about 1° causes measuring errors of anteveration 0. 61 °-0. 73°. The anteveration decreased at both acetabular cups when pelvic posterior tilt and at the acetabular cup that near the X-ray source as pelvic lateral tilt. The anteveration rose at both acetabular cups when pelvic anterior tilt and at the acetabular cup that away from the X-ray source as pelvic lateral tilt. During clinical evaluation, pelvic orientation effects on measurement results should be considered.

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