Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 31
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 256-272, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011250

ABSTRACT

Liver regeneration following injury aids the restoration of liver mass and the recovery of liver function. In the present study we investigated the contribution of megakaryocytic leukemia 1 (MKL1), a transcriptional modulator, to liver regeneration. We report that both MKL1 expression and its nuclear translocation correlated with hepatocyte proliferation in cell and animal models of liver regeneration and in liver failure patients. Mice with MKL1 deletion exhibited defective regenerative response in the liver. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that MKL1 interacted with E2F1 to program pro-regenerative transcription. MAPKAPK2 mediated phosphorylation primed MKL1 for its interaction with E2F1. Of interest, phospholipase d2 promoted MKL1 nuclear accumulation and liver regeneration by catalyzing production of phosphatidic acid (PA). PA administration stimulated hepatocyte proliferation and enhanced survival in a MKL1-dependent manner in a pre-clinical model of liver failure. Finally, PA levels was detected to be positively correlated with expression of pro-regenerative genes and inversely correlated with liver injury in liver failure patients. In conclusion, our data reveal a novel mechanism whereby MKL1 contributes to liver regeneration. Screening for small-molecule compounds boosting MKL1 activity may be considered as a reasonable approach to treat acute liver failure.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 443-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and their warning value for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 92 patients with severe multiple trauma admitted to Yuyao People′s Hospital from July 2019 to October 2021. There were 71 males and 21 females, with the age range of 36-55 years [(45.5±13.6)years]. The injury severity score (ISS) was 20-29 points [(25.3±6.4)points]. The patients were divided into sepsis group ( n=32) and non-sepsis group ( n=60) according to whether sepsis occurred during hospitalization. Data were recorded for the two groups, including gender, age, basic diseases, cause of injury, number of injury sites, ISS, post-injury complications, and levels of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) at 1, 3 and 5 days after injury. The above data were analyzed to identify their correlation with the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma by univariate analysis. The independent risk factors for sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma were determined by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. The warning value of the single or combined risk factors for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC). Results:By univariate analysis, it was demonstrated that the occurrence of sepsis was correlated with ISS, level of AHR at day 1 after injury, level of CRP at day 3 after injury and level of PCT at day 3 after injury ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but not with age, sex, basic diseases, level of AHR at 3, 5 days after injury, level of PCT at 1, 5 days after injury and level of CRP at 1, 5 days after injury (all P>0.05). By multivariate Logistic regression analysis, higher ISS ( OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.01, 1.24, P<0.05), level of AHR at day 1 after injury ( OR=1.30, 95% CI 1.10, 1.52, P<0.01) and level of PCT at day 3 after injury ( OR=1.81, 95% CI 1.08, 3.03, P<0.05) were found to be strongly correlated with the occurrence of sepsis. ROC curve analysis showed that higher ISS (AUC=0.69, 95% CI 0.57, 0.76) and level of AHR at day 1 after injury (AUC=0.79, 95% CI 0.68, 0.90) had warning value for the occurrence of sepsis, and the warning efficiency of combined panel was much better (AUC=0.86, 95% CI 0.77, 0.95). Conclusions:Higher ISS, level of AHR at day 1 after injury and level of PCT at day 3 after injury are independent risk factors for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma. ISS, AHR and combination of both exhibit good warning value for the occurrence of sepsis in patients with severe multiple trauma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3508-3519, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007973

ABSTRACT

Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius is a kind of Gram-positive facultative anaerobic bacteria. The fast growth rate under high temperature and less susceptibility to microbial contamination enable G. thermoglucosidasius to be a desirable producer of biofuels and high-value-added chemicals for the next-generation industrial biotechnology. However, compared with the classical model strain Escherichia coli, the applications of G. thermoglucosidasius are hampered by its low transformation efficiency. This study aimed at obtaining competent cells with high transformation efficiency through inactivating restriction enzymes, adding cell membrane inhibitors and cell wall weakening agents. The results showed that the electro-transformation efficiency achieved 1.2×104 CFU/(μg DNA) by knocking out four genes encoding restriction enzymes. Adding a certain amount of tween 80, dl-threonine and glycine further increased the competent efficiency about 22.5, 44, and 334 times, respectively. The electro-transformation efficiency was enhanced to 4.6×106 CFU/(μg DNA) under the optimized conditions, laying a foundation for genetic manipulation and metabolic engineering of G. thermoglucosidasius.


Subject(s)
Electroporation , Electroporation Therapies , Bacillaceae , Cell Membrane , Escherichia coli/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 316-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a small-for-date infant with gastrointestinal bleeding, developmental delay and thrombocytopenia (Zhu-Tokita-Takenouchi-Kim syndrome).@*METHODS@#Clinical and laboratory examinations were carried out for the patient. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect potential variant associated with the disease. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of the child and her parents.@*RESULTS@#NGS revealed that the child has carried a heterozygous c.5751_5754del variant of the SON gene, which resulted in a frameshift p.V1918Efs*87. The same variant was detected in neither parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous variant of SON gene probably underlay the ZTTK syndrome in this child. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of the SON gene and provides a basis for genetic counseling and clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Family , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 43-48, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863743

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on myocardial Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase Ⅱ (CaMK Ⅱ) and cell autophagy after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in swine.Methods Twenty healthy male domestic swine weighing 33-40 kg were randomly (random number) divided into 3 groups:sham group (n=4),CPR group (n=8) and TH group (n=8).Sham animals only underwent general preparation without experiencing cardiac arrest and resuscitation.The animal model was established by 8 min of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation and then 5 min CPR in the CPR and TH groups.Successful resuscitation was regarded as an organized rhythm with a mean arterial pressure of greater than 50 mmHg for 5 min or more.After successful resuscitation,body temperature was decreased to 33 ℃ by a cooling blanket and then maintained until 24 h post-resuscitation,and followed by a rewarming at a rate of 1 ℃/h for 5 h in the TH group.A normal temperature was maintained by the blanket throughout the experiment in the sham and CPR groups.At 6,12,24 and 30 h after resuscitation,the values of stroke volume (SV) and global ejection fraction (GEF) were measured by PiCCO,and meanwhile the serum concentrations of cardiac troponin Ⅰ (cTnI) were measured by ELISA assay and the serum activities of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) were evaluated by an automatic biochemical analyzer.At 30 h after resuscitation,the animals were sacrificed and left ventricular myocardium was obtained for the determination ofCaMK Ⅱ,microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 Ⅱ (LC3 Ⅱ) and p62 expressions by Western blot.The variables were compared with One way analysis of variance and then the Bonferroni test among the three groups.Results Compared with the sham group,myocardial dysfunction and injury after resuscitation were observed in the CPR and TH groups,which were indicated by decreased SV and GEF and also increased cTnI concentration and CK-MB activity in serum (all P<0.05).Compared with the CPR group,the values of SV and GEF were significantly increased at 6 h after resuscitation,and serum cTnI concentration and CK-MB activity were significantly decreased starting 12 h after resuscitation in the TH group [SV (mL):25.0±6.9 vs 31.9±3.3 at 6 h,26.7±5.1 vs 34.6±3.7 at 12 h,28.8±3.3 vs 35.7±3.2 at 24 h,29.2±5.2 vs 36.7±3.3 at 30 h;GEF (%):17.1±2.7 vs 19.9±1.8 at 6 h,18.7±1.9 vs 21.6±1.8 at 12 h,19.3±2.3 vs 23.0±2.4 at 24 h,21.0±1.7 vs 23.7±1.7 at 30 h;cTnI (pg/mL):564±51 vs 466±56 at 12 h,534±38 vs 427±60 at 24 h,476±55 vs 375±46 at 30 h;CK-MB (U/L):803±164 vs 652±76 at 12 h,693±96 vs 557±54 at 24 h,633±91 vs 480±77 at 30 h,all P<0.05].Tissue detection indicated that the expression of CaMK Ⅱ and LC3 Ⅱ were increased while the expression of p62 was decreased in post-resuscitation myocardium in the CPR and TH groups compared with the sham group (all P<0.05).However,the expression of CaMK Ⅱ and LC3 Ⅱ were decreased and the expression of p62 was increased in postresuscitation myocardium in the TH group compared to the CPR group (CaMK Ⅱ:0.73±0.06 vs 0.58±0.05;LC3 Ⅱ:0.69±0.09 vs 0.50±0.07;p62:0.40±0.07 vs 0.68±0.14,all P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism of TH alleviating post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction and injury may be related to the inhibition of CaMK Ⅱ expression and cell autophagy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 942-947, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791254

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the resuscitation effect of aortic balloon occlusion (ABO) on the traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) in swine.Methods Twenty-seven male domestic swine weighing (32.7 ± 3.8) kg were utilized.After 40% of estimated blood volume was removed within 20 minutes,the animals were subjected to 5 minutes of untreated ventricular fibrillation and then 5 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Additionally,fluid resuscitation was initiated coincident with the beginning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.The animals were randomly divided into model group (n =12) and ABO group (n =15).Once cardiopulmonary resuscitation was implemented,aortic balloon was concurrently inflated to stop the blood flow of descending thoracic aorta at the level of the diaphragm in the ABO group.In the model group,aortic balloon was placed in the same position without inflation.During cardiopulmonary resuscitation,the changes of coronary perfusion pressure (CPP),forehead's regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and pressure of end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2) were continuously monitored,and the rate of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC),duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation,number of shocks and dose of epinephrine were recorded.At 5 minutes after successful resuscitation,the levels of arterial blood gas,lactate and jugular venous blood oxygen saturation (SjvO2) were measured.Results Compared with the model group,the values of CPP,rSO2 and PETCO2 during cardiopulmonary resuscitation were significantly increased in the ABO group [CPP:(33.5 ± 5.6)mmHg vs.(23.1 ± 5.2)mmHg at 1 minute,(35.3 ± 6.0) mmHg vs.(26.8 ± 7.4) mmHg at 2 minutes,(36.3 ± 6.3) mmHg vs.(28.2 ± 6.3) mmHg at 3 minutes,(40.1 ± 7.1) mmHg vs.(30.5 ± 6.2) mmHg at 4 minutes,(38.1 ±7.5)mmHg vs.(29.8 ±5.3)mmHg at 5 minutes;rSO2:(45.4±5.2)% vs.(39.2 ±5.1)% at 1 minute,(47.2 ±3.6)% vs.(42.0±6.4)% at 2 minutes,(47.7 ±3.0)% vs.(41.5 ±5.4)% at 3 minutes,(47.0±2.5)% vs.(42.1 ±5.9)% at4 minutes,(47.1 ±2.0)% vs.(41.5 ±7.4)% at 5 minutes;PETCO2:(17.0 ± 3.5) mmHg vs.(12.7 ± 4.2) mmHg at 1 minute,(18.5 ± 3.7) mmHg vs.(14.5 ±2.7)mmHg at 2 minutes,(20.7 ±5.3)mmHg vs.(15.5 ±3.2)mmHg at 3 minutes,(18.7 ±4.5) mmHg vs.(14.9 ± 3.5) mmHg at 4 minutes,(18.2 ± 3.2) mmHg vs.(14.5 ± 4.2) mmHg at 5 minutes] (all P <0.05).The rate of ROSC was significantly higher in the ABO group than in the model group[100% (15/15) vs.75% (9/12)] (P <0.05).Additionally,shorter duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation,less number of shocks and lower doses of epinephrine were observed in the ABO group when compared with the model group [duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation:5 (5,5) minutes vs.5 (5,12.5) minutes,number of shocks:1 (1,1) times vs.1 (1,4) times,dose of epinephrine:0.62(0.62,0.74) mg vs.0.64 (0.59,2.59) mg] (all P < 0.05).At 5 minutes after resuscitation,the level of arterial lactate was significantly decreased and the value of SjvO2 was significantly increased in the ABO group compared with the model group [Lactate:(9.6 ± 0.8) mmol/L vs.(10.8 ± 1.4) mmol/L;SjvO2:(50.0±8.6)% vs.(37.9±16.3)%] (bothP<0.05).Conclusions In a swine model of TCA,ABO can increase cardiac and cerebral perfusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and improve the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.It might provide a novel and effective method for the resuscitation of TCA in the clinical setting.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 942-947, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the resuscitation effect of aortic balloon occlusion (ABO) on the traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) in swine.@*Methods@#Twenty-seven male domestic swine weighing (32.7±3.8)kg were utilized. After 40% of estimated blood volume was removed within 20 minutes, the animals were subjected to 5 minutes of untreated ventricular fibrillation and then 5 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Additionally, fluid resuscitation was initiated coincident with the beginning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The animals were randomly divided into model group (n=12) and ABO group (n=15). Once cardiopulmonary resuscitation was implemented, aortic balloon was concurrently inflated to stop the blood flow of descending thoracic aorta at the level of the diaphragm in the ABO group. In the model group, aortic balloon was placed in the same position without inflation. During cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the changes of coronary perfusion pressure (CPP), forehead's regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and pressure of end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2) were continuously monitored, and the rate of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, number of shocks and dose of epinephrine were recorded. At 5 minutes after successful resuscitation, the levels of arterial blood gas, lactate and jugular venous blood oxygen saturation (SjvO2) were measured.@*Results@#Compared with the model group, the values of CPP, rSO2 and PETCO2 during cardiopulmonary resuscitation were significantly increased in the ABO group [CPP: (33.5±5.6)mmHg vs. (23.1±5.2)mmHg at 1 minute, (35.3±6.0)mmHg vs. (26.8±7.4)mmHg at 2 minutes, (36.3±6.3)mmHg vs. (28.2±6.3)mmHg at 3 minutes, (40.1±7.1)mmHg vs. (30.5±6.2)mmHg at 4 minutes, (38.1±7.5)mmHg vs. (29.8±5.3)mmHg at 5 minutes; rSO2: (45.4±5.2)% vs. (39.2±5.1)% at 1 minute, (47.2±3.6)% vs. (42.0±6.4)% at 2 minutes, (47.7±3.0)% vs. (41.5±5.4)% at 3 minutes, (47.0±2.5)% vs. (42.1±5.9)% at 4 minutes, (47.1±2.0)% vs. (41.5±7.4)% at 5 minutes; PETCO2: (17.0±3.5)mmHg vs. (12.7±4.2)mmHg at 1 minute, (18.5±3.7)mmHg vs. (14.5±2.7)mmHg at 2 minutes, (20.7±5.3)mmHg vs. (15.5±3.2)mmHg at 3 minutes, (18.7±4.5)mmHg vs. (14.9±3.5)mmHg at 4 minutes, (18.2±3.2)mmHg vs. (14.5±4.2)mmHg at 5 minutes] (all P<0.05). The rate of ROSC was significantly higher in the ABO group than in the model group[100%(15/15) vs. 75%(9/12)] (P<0.05). Additionally, shorter duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, less number of shocks and lower doses of epinephrine were observed in the ABO group when compared with the model group[duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: 5(5, 5)minutes vs. 5(5, 12.5)minutes, number of shocks: 1(1, 1)times vs. 1(1, 4)times, dose of epinephrine: 0.62(0.62, 0.74)mg vs. 0.64(0.59, 2.59)mg] (all P<0.05). At 5 minutes after resuscitation, the level of arterial lactate was significantly decreased and the value of SjvO2 was significantly increased in the ABO group compared with the model group[Lactate: (9.6±0.8)mmol/L vs. (10.8±1.4)mmol/L; SjvO2: (50.0±8.6)% vs. (37.9±16.3)%] (both P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#In a swine model of TCA, ABO can increase cardiac and cerebral perfusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and improve the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It might provide a novel and effective method for the resuscitation of TCA in the clinical setting.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 462-466, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the appropriate age of primary and secondary school students for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training.Methods A total of 437 students aged 9-15 years at 3 to 6 grade in the primary schools or 1 to 2 grade in the secondary schools were selected from 2 Yuyao primary and secondary schools by stratified random sampling between March 2017 and January 2018.The numbers of students with the age of 9,10,11,12,13,14 and 15 y were 61,62,66,64,63,63 and 58,respectively.All students received chest compression training provided by Yuyao emergency department People's Hospital according to the 2015 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Guidelines.The training included 30 min theoretic teaching and 6 min practice in the simulator.The quality of chest compression performed by students was assessed;the depth,rate,position and retention of chest compression were recorded.Results The mean depth of chest compression in the students aged 9-15 years was 3.8,4.1,4.6,5.1,5.2,5.6 and 5.6 cm,respectively;the accuracy rate was 24.6%(14/61),25.8% (16/62),50.2% (33/66),70.5% (45/64),79.4%(50/63),88.9%(56/63) and 91.4(53/58),respectively.Compared with the students aged 9-11 years,the mean depth of chest compression was significantly increased and accuracy rate was significantly improved in the students aged 12-15 years (Compared with 9-y students,t=-8.936,-9.502,-10.640 and-11.370;x2=35.019,47.599,63.013 and 65.671;compared with 10-y students,t=-6.927,-8.179,-10.70 and-11.047;x2=24.977,35.967,50.916 and 52.727;compared with 1 1-y students,t=-3.095,-4.177,-6.785 and-6.995;x2=5.586,12.114,22.786 and 24.870;all P<0.05).The mean rate of chest compression was 110-116/min and its accuracy rate was 86.4%-95.2%;the accuracy rate of chest compression position was 90.9%-96.8% in all students,there were no significant differences among the 7 groups.The mean retention rate of chest compression in the 7 groups was 81.3%(122/150),67.3%(101/150),64.7% (94/150),48.0%(72/150),48.7%(73/150),33.3%(50/150) and 27.3%(41/150),respectively.Compared with the students aged 9-11 years,the mean retention rate of chest compression was significantly decreased in the students aged 12-15 years (compared with the 9-y students,x2=36.472,35.179,70.64 and 119.92;compared with 10-y students,x2=11.483,10.728,34.682 and 72.150;compared with 11-y students,x2=6.528,5.927,25.855 and 59.11;all P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that the depth (r=0.96,0.89,0.91 and 0.86;P<0.01) and retention rate (r=-0.99,-0.90,-0.93 and-0.86;all P<0.01) of chest compression were significantly associated with the age,body weight,height and body mass index of students.Conclusion The students with an age of 12 years or more are able to effectively perform chest compression;thus,12 years and above might be the appropriate age for CPR training.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 490-493, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755589

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of hypothermia on Ca2+∕calmodulin-dependent pro-tein kinase Ⅱ ( CaMKⅡ) and cell autophagy in brain tissues after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary re-suscitation ( CA-CPR) in swine. Methods Twenty-one healthy male white swine, weighing 33-40 kg, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group ( group S, n=5) , CA-CPR group ( n=8) and hypothermia group ( group H, n=8) . The experimental model of CA-CPR was established in CA-CPR and H groups. The Swan-Ganz catheters were placed in the right femoral artery and vein to monitor the pressure of thoracic aorta and right atrium and body temperature and to collect blood sam-ples. A pacing catheter was advanced from the right external jugular vein into the right ventricle. Ventricu-lar fibrillation was induced by using a 1 mA alternating current through the pacing catheter. Once ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced, mechanical ventilation was discontinued for 8 min, and then CPR was initiated. Epinephrine 20 μg∕kg was intravenously injected at 2. 5 min of CPR, followed by repetition once every 3 min. Defibrillation was delivered at 5 min of CPR, and then spontaneous circulation was evaluated. If the spontaneous circulation was not restored, CPR was immediately resumed for 2 min, and then defibril-lation was delivered again. Mechanical ventilation was continued for 30 h after successful CPR. At 5 min af-ter successful resuscitation, body temperature was decreased to 33 ℃ by using a cooling blanket, then maintained at 33 ℃ until 24 h after resuscitation, and finally increased at a rate of 1℃∕h for 5 h in group H. The temperature was maintained at a normal level of 37. 5-38. 5 ℃ with the aid of a cooling blanket in S and CA-CPR groups. At 1, 6, 12, 24 and 30 h after resuscitation (T1-5), blood samples were collected from the femoral vein for measurement of the concentration of neuron specific enolase ( NSE) and S100βprotein in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Five animals in each group were then sacrificed, and brains were removed to determine the expression of CaMKⅡ, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 Ⅱ( LC3Ⅱ) and p62 in cerebral cortex by Western blot. Neurological deficit score was evaluated in the remaining three swine at 48, 72 and 96 h after resuscitation (T6-8) in CA-CPR and H groups. Results Compared with group S, the concentrations of NSE and S100β protein in serum were significantly in-creased at T1-5 , the expression of CaMKⅡand LC3Ⅱin cerebral cortex was up-regulated, and the expres-sion of p62 in cerebral cortex was down-regulated in CA-CPR and H groups (P<0. 05). Compared with group CA-CPR, the concentrations of NSE and S100βprotein in serum were significantly decreased at T3-5, the neurological deficit score was decreased at T6-8 , the expression of CaMKⅡand LC3Ⅱin cerebral cortex was down-regulated, and the expression of p62 in cerebral cortex was up-regulated in group H ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion The mechanism by which hypothermia alleviates brain injury after CA-CPR may be related to inhibiting CaMKⅡ activation and reducing cell autophagy in brain tissues of swine.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 682-685, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754699

ABSTRACT

Building highly efficient trauma center is an important measure to reduce the mortality and disability rate of trauma patients. Taking the trauma center of Yuyao People's Hospital as an example, combined with the preliminary achievements, the author summarized the operation mode, space and hardware requirements, in-hospital trauma rescue team, trauma rescue process, trauma database and core competence training, and the continuous improvement of trauma rescue quality so as to provide references for the construction of trauma center at grass-roots level.

12.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 863-868, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751865

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine postconditioning on brain injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation in a swine model.Methods Twenty-eight healthy male domestic pigs,weighing 36±2 kg,were randomized (random number) into 4 groups (n=7 each group):sham operation group (S group),cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (CPR group),low-dose dexmedetomidine postconditioning group (LDP group),and high-dose dexmedetomidine postconditioning group (HDP group).Animals in the S group only underwent the surgical preparation.In the other three groups,the experimental model was established by 8 mins of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation and then 5 mins of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.At 5 min after resuscitation,a loading dose of dexmedetomidine of 0.25 μg/kg was intravenously infused followed by continuous infusion at a rate of 0.25 μg/(kg·h) for 6 h in the LDP group,and a loading dose of dexmedetomidine of 0.5 μ.g/kg was infused followed by continuous infusion at a rate of 0.5 μg/(kg·h) for 6 h in the HDP group.The same amount of normal saline was administered in the S and CPR groups.At 1 h,3 h,6 h and 24 h after resuscitation,the levels of serum neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100B protein were measured.At 24 h after resuscitation,neurologic deficit score (NSD) was evaluated.After that,the animals were euthanized and cerebral cortex was obtained for the determination of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6)and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents,superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity,cell apoptosis and caspase-3 expression.Results Compared with the S group,post-resuscitation neurologic dysfunction and brain injury were observed in the other three groups,which were indicated by significantly higher NDS and markedly greater levels of serum NSE and S 100B (all P<0.05).Compared with the CPR group,the score of NDS at 24 h post-resuscitation were significantly lower and the levels of serum NSE and S100B at 6 h and 24 h post-resuscitation were significantly less in the LDP and HDP groups [NDS:194±26,103±16 vs 278±23 at 24 h;NSE (ng/mL):32.4±1.8,28.6±3.7 vs 36.2±2.8 at 6 h,39.9±4.2,35.1±1.5 vs 45.1±3.0 at 24 h;S100B (pg/mL):2 534±207,2 382±170 vs 2 825±113 at 6 h,3 719±164,3 246±176 vs 4 085±161 at 24 h,all P<0.05].Compared with the LDP group,neurologic dysfunction and brain injury at 24 h postresuscitation were further significantly alleviated in the HDP group (all P<0.05).Pathological analysis indicated that brain inflammation,oxidative stress and cell apoptosis were observed after resuscitation in the CPR,LDP and HDP groups.However,the contents of TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA were significantly lower while the activity of SOD was significantly higher,and cell apoptosis and caspase-3 expression were significantly reduced in the brain after resuscitation in the LDP and HDP groups compared with the CPR group (all P<0.05).In addition,those pathological injuries mentioned above were further significantly alleviated in the brain after resuscitation in the HDP group compared to the LDP group (all P<0.05).Conclusions Dexmedetomidine postconditioning significantly alleviated the severity of postresuscitation brain injury in a dose-dependent manner,in which the protection was produced possibly through reducing tissue inflammation,oxidative stress and cell apoptosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1517-1520, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745646

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) signaling pathway during myocardial injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation in swine.Methods Twenty-one healthy male white swine,weighing 33-41 kg,were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method:sham operation group (group S,n =5),cardiac arrest-cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (group CA-CPR,n=8),and mild hypothermia group (group MH,n=8).The model of cardiac arrest and resuscitation was established based on the previously reported method.The catheters placed in the left femoral artery and right internal jugular vein were connected to the PiCCO Monitor system,and another pacing catheter was advanced from the right external jugular vein into the right ventricle.Ventricular fibrillation was induced by using a 1 mA alternating current through the pacing catheter.Once ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced,mechanical ventilation was discontinued for 8 min,and then cardiopulmonary resuscitation was initiated.Epinephrine 20 μg/kg was administered at 2.5 min of resuscitation followed by repetition every 3 min.Defibrillation was delivered at 5 min of resuscitation,and then spontaneous circulation was evaluated.If return of spontaneous circulation was not achieved,cardiopulmonary resuscitation was immediately resumed for 2 min and then defibrillation was delivered again.Mechanical ventilation was continued for 30 h after successful resuscitation.Animals in group S only underwent surgical preparation without experiencing cardiac arrest and resuscitation.At 5 min after successful resuscitation,body temperature was cooled down to 33 ℃ by using a cooling blanket,and then maintained at this level until 24 h after resuscitation,followed by 5 h of re-warming at a rate of 1 ℃/h in group MH.The temperature was maintained at 37.5-38.5 ℃ with the aid of surface cooling blanket in the other two groups.At 1,6,12,24 and 30 h after resuscitation (T1-5),the values of stroke volume (SV) and global ejection fraction (GEF) were recorded,and meanwhile 2 ml of blood samples was obtained via the femoral vein to measure the concentration of serum cardiac troponin Ⅰ (cTnI) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and activity of serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) (by immunosuppression).The swine were sacrificed at 30 h after resuscitation,and then myocardial specimens from the left ventricle were obtained for determination of the expression of caspase-3 (by immunohistochemistry),cell apoptosis (by TUNEL),and expression of IRE1 and casepase-12 (by Western blot).Apoptosis index was calculated.Results Compared with group S,SV and GEF were significantly decreased and the serum CK-MB activity was increased at T1-5,the concentration of serum cTnI was increased at T2-5,the expression of IRE1,caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardium was up-regulated,and apoptosis index was increased in CA-CPR and MH groups (P<0.05).Compared with group CA-CPR,the SV and GEF were significantly increased and the concentration of serum cTnI was decreased at T2-5,the activity of serum CK-MB was decreased at T3-5,the expression of IRE1,caspase-12 and caspase-3 in myocardium was down-regulated,and apoptosis index was decreased in group MH (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which mild hypothermia mitigates myocardial injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation may be related to inhibiting IRE1 signaling pathway in swine.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1393-1396, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745618

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) signaling pathway during brain injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation in pigs.Methods Twenty-one healthy domestic male white pigs,weighing 33-41 kg,were divided into 3 groups (n =7 each) using a random number table method:sham operation group (group S),cardiac arrest-resuscitation group (group CA-R) and dexmedetomidine group (group D).Ventricular fibrillation was electrically induced and untreated for 8 min followed by 5 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to establish the model of brain injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation in anesthetized domestic white pigs.Dexmedetomidine was infused via the femoral vein in a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg at 5 min after successful resuscitation,followed by an infusion of 0.5 μg · kg-1 · h-1 for 6 h in group D.The equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S and CA-R groups.The concentrations of neuron-specific endase (NSE) and S-100β protein in serum were measured at 1,3,6 and 24 h after resuscitation (T1-4).Neurologic deficit score (NDS) was evaluated at T4.The animals were sacrificed at T4,brains were removed and cerebral cortex tissues were obtained for determination of the expression of RIP1,RIP3 and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) by Western blot.Results Compared with group S,the serum concentrations of NSE and S-100β protein were significantly increased at T1-4,the NDS was increased at T4,and the expression of RIP1,R1P3 and MLKL in cerebral cortex tissues was up-regulated in CA-R and D groups (P<0.05).Compared with group CA-R,the serum concentrations of NSE and S-100β protein were significantly decreased at T3,4,the NDS was decreased at T4,and the expression of RIP1,RIP3 and MLKL in cerebral cortex tissues was down-regulated in group D (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces brain injury after cardiac arrest and resuscitation may be related to inhibiting the activation of RIP 1 signaling pathway in pigs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 415-418, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694394

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of the third-generation mechanical chest compressor on outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.Methods The patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest from October 2015 to September 2017 in the Yuyao peoples' hospital were included and divided randomly into 2 groups:manual chest compression group and mechanical chest compression group.The duration of resuscitation,the rate of restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC),4-h survival rate and the rate of survival getting to hospital discharge with favorable neurological status of two groups were analyzed.Results A total of 95 patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were included.The rate of ROSC and 4-h survival was significantly increased in the mechanical chest compression group compared with the manual chest compression group (P<0.05).There was no remarkable difference in the duration of resuscitation and the rate of survival getting to hospital discharge with favorable neurological status between 2 groups.Conclusions The thirdgeneration mechanical chest compressor significantly improves the rate of ROSC and the shout-term survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

16.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 399-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of rapid hypothermia induced via esophagus on intestinal mucous injury in early stage after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a swine model of cardiac arrest.Methods Twenty-seven male domestic pigs weighing (36±2)kg were utilized.The animals were randomly crandom number divided into 3 groups (n=9 in each):normothermia group (NT group),surface cooling group (SC group),and esophageal cooling group (EC group).The pig model was established by 8 mins of untreated ventricular fibrillation and then 5 mins of CPR.At 5 mins after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC),therapeutic hypothermia was applied by either an esophageal cooling device in the EC group or a surface cooling blanket in the SC group to reach a targeted temperature of 33 ℃ maintained for 24 h after ROSC,and then followed by warming up in a rate of 1 ℃ / hr for 5 hrs.A normal temperature of (38.0±0.5)℃ was maintained throughout the experiment in the NT group.The core temperature was continuously monitored during a period of 30 h after ROSC.At 3 h,6 h,12 h,24 h and 30 h after ROSC,intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) content and diamine oxidase (DAO) activity in serum were measured by ELISA.At 30 h after ROSC,the pigs were sacrificed,and then intestinal tissue was rapidly obtained for the determination of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) contents by ELISA,cell apoptosis by TUNEL,and caspase-3 expression by immunohistochemistry.Results The rate of temperature decrease was 2.8 ℃/h and the time required for target temperature was 102 min in the EC group,while the rate of temperature decrease was 1.5 /h and the time consumed for target temperature was 185 mins in the SC group,which suggested the efficacy of cooling was significantly better in the EC group than that in the SC group (both P<0.05).Compared with the NT group,serum IFABP content and DAO activity were significantly decreased at 3 hrs after ROSC in the EC group and at 6 hrs after ROSC in the SC group.Compared with the SC group,serum IFABP content at 6 hrs after ROSC and DAO activity at 12 h after ROSC were significantly decreased in the EC group IFABP (pg/mL):(710±32) vs.(777±52) at 6 h,(870±49) vs.(960±64) at 12 h,(1 022±65)vs.(1 143±63) at 24 h,(882±71) vs.(1 006±45) at 30 h DAO (U/mL):(39.9±1.9) vs.(43.4±3.2) at 12 h,(30.6±2.4) vs.(34.0±3.1) at 24 h,(26.1±2.7) vs.(29.4±2.2) at 30 h,all P<0.05.In the intestinal tissue,TNF-α and IL-6 contents were significantly reduced,and cell apoptosis index and caspase-3 expression were significantly decreased in the SC and EC groups compared with the NT group.Additionally,inflammatory response and cell apoptosis in intestinal tissue were further significantly lesser in the EC group compared with the SC group TNF-α (pg/mL):(721±94) vs.(922±125);IL-6(pg/mL):(454±69) vs.(697±132);Apoptotic index(%):(6.2±2.6)vs.(12.8±3.0);caspase-3 expression (IOD):(8.9±1.6) vs.(15.9±1.9),all P<0.05.Conclusions In a swine model of cardiac arrest,rapid hypothermia could be successfully induced via esophagus and consequently produced a greater protective effect on post-resuscitation intestinal injury compared with the conventional surface cooling.The protective mechanisms are associated with the inhibition of inflammatory response and cell apoptosis.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1156-1160, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610796

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of resolvin D1 in reducing brain injury after porcine cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its potential mechanisms.Methods Twenty-eight male domestic pigs weighing (36 ±3)kg were utilized.The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups (n =7 each):sham operation group (group S),cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (group CPR),low-dose resolvin D1 gToup (group LRD),and high-dose resolvin D1 group (group HRD).The animals in group S only got the general preparation without the procedure of cardiac arrest and resuscitation.The pig model was established by 8 mins of untreated ventricular fibrillation and then 5 mins of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.At 5 min post-resuscitation,the doses of resolvin D10.3 μg/kg,and 0.6 μg/kg were correspondingly injected via the femoral vein in LRD and HRD groups,and meanwhile the same amount of vehicle was given into the animals inthe other two groups.At 3 h,6 h and 24 h post-resuscitation,the concentrations of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100B protein (S100B) in serum was measured.At 24 h post-resuscitation,neurological deficit score (NDS) was evaluated;thereafter the pigs were sacrificed,and cerebral cortex was obtained for the determination of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents,and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity.Results Compared to group S,post-resuscitation brain injury was observed in the other three groups,which was indicated by significantly increased NDS score,and markedly elevated concentrations of serum NSE and S100B.Compared to group CPR,the NDS was significantly decreased at 24 h post-resuscitation,and the concentrations of serum NSE and S100B were significantly reduced at 6 h and 24 h post-resuscitation in LRD and HRD groups.Compared to group LRD,the NDS score and its serum markers were further significantly decreased in group HRD.The inflammatory response and oxidative stress in brain tissue were observed in all the animals experiencing cardiac arrest and resuscitation,which were indicated by increased contents of TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA and decreased SOD activity.Compared to group CPR,the contents of TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA were significantly decreasedwhile SOD activity was significantly increased in LRD and HRD groups.The indicators of inflammatory response and oxidative stress in brain tissue were further significantly improved in group HRD when compared to group LRD.Conclusions Resolvin D1 can reduce post-resuscitation brain injury in a dose-dependent manner in swine,and the mechanism is related to the inhibition of inflammatory response and oxidative stress.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1149-1154, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668756

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a porcine model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to explore the effectiveness of resolvin D1 in improving post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction and its potential mechanisms.Methods Twenty-eight male domestic pigs weighing 36 ± 3 kg were utilized.The pig model was established by 8 mins of untreated ventricular fibrillation and then 5 mins of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups (n =7 each):sham operation group (group S),cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (group CPR),low-dose resolvin D1 group (group LRD),and high-dose resolvin D1 group (group HRD).The animals in group S only got the general preparation without the procedure of cardiac arrest and resuscitation.At 5 min after resuscitation,the doses of resolvin D1 0.3 μg/kg and 0.6 μg/kg were respectively injected via the femoral vein of pigs in LRD and HRD groups,and meanwhile the equal volume of vehicle was given into the animals in the other two groups.At 3 h,6 h and 24 h after resuscitation,the changes of stroke volume (SV) and global ejection fraction (GEF) were evaluated by a PiCCO monitor,and meanwhile the concentration of cardiac troponin I (cTNI) in serum was measured.At 24 h after resuscitation,the pigs were sacrificed,and myocardial tissue was obtained for the determination of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),malondialdehyde (MDA),and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity.Results Compared with group S,significantly decreased SV and GEF and markedly increased concentration of serum cTNI were observed in the other three groups with post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction (all P < 0.05).Compared with group CPR,the values of SV and GEF were significantly increased while the concentration of serum cTNI was significantly decreased in LRD and HRD groups [SV (ml):28 ±5,31 ±5 vs.23 ±4 at 3 hrs,32 ±3,36 ±6 vs.27 ± 6 at6 hrs,35 ±5,41 ±5 vs.29±5 at24 hrs;GEF (%):17±2,19±2 vs.14±1 at3 hrs,20±2,23 ± ±3 vs.16 ±3 at 6 hrs,23 ±2,26 ±3 vs.20 ±2 at 24 hrs;cTNI (pg/ml):247 ±34,230 ±26 vs.324 ± 56 at 3 hrs,553 ± 37,501 ± 34 vs.611 ± 44 at 6 hrs,436 ± 23,371 ± 29 vs.553 ± 47 at 24 hrs,all P < 0.05].Compared with group LRD,myocardial function and serum markers were further significantly improved in group HRD (all P < 0.05).The inflammation and oxidative stress in myocardial tissue were observed in all the animals experiencing cardiac arrest and resuscitation,which were indicated by increased levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA and decreased SOD activity.Compared with group CPR,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA were significantly decreased while SOD activity was significantly increased in LRD and HRD groups [TNF-α (pg/ml):442 ±87,218 ±55 vs.653 ± 112;IL-6 (pg/ml):563 ± 68,403±61vs.824±117;MDA (nmol/mg):3.95±0.96,2.54±1.21vs.6.37±1.26;SOD (U/mg):2.27±0.93,3.36±0.74vs.0.89±0.31,all P<0.05].The morbidity of myocardial inflammation and oxidative stress were further significantly ameliorated in group HRD evidenced by the figure of biomarkers compared with group LRD (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Resolvin D1 can improve post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction in a dose-dependent manner in swine,and the mechanism is related to the inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress.

19.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 83-86, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500087

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) caused by Iopromide.Methods Two-four female SD rats were randomly divided into two groups which were control group and CIN group .The rats in CIN group were injected Io-promide via caudal vein ,the rats in control group were injected the equal amount of solvent .After 24 hours,all the rats were euthanized and tested.The excretion of 24 h urinary protein was detected using biochemistry assay .The expression of related cell cycle regulatory protein such as P21,P27 and TGF-β1 in glomerular visceral epithelium cells were measured using immunohistochemical technique .A semiquantitative score was used to evaluate the injure degree of glomerular and tubulointerstitium .Renal glomerular cell apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL . Results Compared with control group ,CIN group rat glomerular epithelial cells of P 21,P27 and TGF beta 1 positive expression rate signifi-cantly increased,[(12.86 ±0.98) %vs (0.46 ±0.21)%,P=0.004 5],[(21.76 ±2.75)% vs (9.57 ±1.86)%,P =0.0071], [(12.85 ±5.54) vs (7.63 ±0.84),P=0.003 7)] respectively,24 h urine protein significantly increase [(23.44 ±5.22) mg/d vs (2.13 ±0.52) mg/d,P=0.007 0,P=0.005 0],CIN pathological damage of rat glomerular epithelial cells and apoptotic rate significantly more serious [(52.5 ±6.4)%vs (4.2 ±0.3) %,P =0.007 5].In addition,the renal pathologic scores were positively correlated with the excretion of 24hr urinary protein and the expression of P 21,P27,and TGF-β1(r=0.765,0.701,0.842,0.651,P<0.01).Conclusion Io-dine amine via increased glomerular epithelial cells P 27 and TGF-beta 1expression and urinary protein excretion , aggravating pathological damage and apoptosis .

20.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 104-107, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488030

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of regional electrocardiographic consultation network for primary medical institutions.Methods A distance electrocardiographic ( ECG ) consultation center was established in Yuyao People′s Hospital in September 2012, which was connected to 56 regional primary medical through internet.The online consultation was provided by ECG specialists in the center for general practitioners in regional primary health care institutions.Additionally, the ECG training course was also conducted monthly for general practitioners.The 2-year data of ECG consultation were retrospectively reviewed and the effectiveness of the consultation network was evaluated.Results During the past two years, 86 593 electrocardiograms were uploaded by primary medical institutions, in which 3 976 were required for consultation. The monthly number of electrocardiograms sent by general practitioners was increased from 3 269 ±290 in the first year to 3 947 ±376 in the second year ( P<0.01 ) .However, the requirements of ECG consultation were not significantly different between two years.Compared to the first year, the rates of consultation requirements, misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis for ECGs of atrial and ventricular premature beats, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, left and right bundle branch blocks,ⅠandⅡdegree atrioventricular blocks and myocardial infarction were significantly decreased ( all P<0.05) in the second year;meanwhile there was a tendency towards the reduction for ECGs of atrial flutter and Ⅲ degree atrioventricular block in the second year.Conclusion The regional electrocardiographic consultation network is effective to improve the capability of primary medical institutions in electrocardiographic diagnosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL