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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 604-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990679

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic diseases is a kind of complex, high-risk gastrointestinal diseases. Pancreatic cancer is highly malignant and seriously endangers people′s health. Developing multi-center, large-scale real world research can better understand the incidence patterns and treatment outcomes of pancreatic diseases. Based on the multi-center and heterogeneous data, the authors for-mulate data standards for real world studies of pancreatic diseases, and build a database of pancreatic cancer, integrating and sharing data from multi-center sources, in order to fully explore the scientific research value of pancreatic cancer clinical information, and provide experience and reference for the construction of other real world research specific disease databases in the future.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2770-2774, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003264

ABSTRACT

Dyspepsia is the one of the most common clinical manifestations of digestive system diseases and has various and complex causes, among which pancreatic tumor is a relatively uncommon cause and is easily neglected in clinical practice. The dual factors of tumor and dyspepsia may cause a significant reduction in the quality of life of patients. At present, there is still a lack of standardized diagnosis and treatment strategies for dyspepsia associated with pancreatic tumors, and this article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 483-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary diseases.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinico-pathological data of 2 019 patients with periampullary diseases who underwent PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2016 to December 2020 were collected. There were 1 193 males and 826 females, aged 63(15) years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative conditions; (3) postoperative pathological examinations; (4) prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Regular follow-up was conducted by telephone interview and outpatient examination once every 3 months within the postoperative first year and once every 6 months thereafter to detect the survival of patients with periampullary carcinoma. The follow-up was up to December 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(IQR) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers and (or) percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates, and Log-Rank test was used to conduct survival analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations: of 2 019 patients, 1 116 cases were admitted from 2016-2018 and 903 cases were admitted from 2019-2020. There were 1 866 cases undergoing open PD and 153 cases undergoing laparoscopic or robot-assisted PD. There were 1 049 cases under-going standard PD and 970 cases undergoing pylorus-preserved PD. There were 215 cases combined with portal mesenteric vein resection, 3 cases combined with arterial resection. The operation time of 2 019 patients was 255(104)minutes and the volume of intraoperative blood loss was 250(200)mL. The intraoperative blood transfusion rate was 31.401%(623/1 984), with the blood transfusion data of 35 cases missing. The proportions of pylorus-preservation, combination with portal mesenteric vein resection, intraoperative blood transfusion were 585 cases(52.419%), 97cases(8.692%), 384 cases(34.941%) for patients admitted in 2016-2018, versus 385 cases(42.636%), 118 cases(13.068%), 239 cases(27.006%) for patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=19.14,10.05,14.33, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative conditions: the duration of postoperative hospital stay of 2 019 patients was 13 (10) days. One of 2 019 patients lacked the data of postopera-tive complications. The overall postoperative complication rate was 45.292%(914/2 018), of which the incidence rate of grade B or C pancreatic fistula was 23.439%(473/2 018), the rate of grade B or C hemorrhage was 8.127%(164/2 018), the rate of grade B or C delayed gastric emptying was 15.312%(309/2 018), the rate of biliary fistula was 2.428%(49/2 018) and the rate of abdominal infection was 12.884%(260/2 018). The reoperation rate of 2 019 patients was 1.932%(39/2 019), the in-hospital mortality was 0.644%(13/2 019), the postoperative 30-day mortality was 1.238%(25/2 019), and the postoperative 90-day mortality was 2.675%(54/2 019). There were 541 cases(48.477%) with overall postoperative complications, 109 cases(9.767%) with grade B or C hemorr-hage, 208 cases(18.638%) with grade B or C delayed gastric emptying , 172 cases(15.412%) with abdominal infection, 39 cases(3.495%) with postoperative 90-day mortality of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018. The above indicators were 373 cases(41.353%), 55 cases(6.098%), 101 cases(11.197%), 88 cases(9.756%), 15 cases(1.661%) of 902 patients admitted in 2019-2020, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between them( χ2=10.22, 9.00, 21.30, 14.22, 6.45 , P<0.05). The in-hospital mortality occurred to 11 patients(0.986%) of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018 and to 2 cases(0.221%) of 903 patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Postoperative pathological examinations. Disease area of 2 019 patients reported in postoperative pathological examinations: there were 1 346 cases(66.667%) with lesions in pancreas, including 1 023 cases of carcinoma (76.003%) and 323 cases(23.997%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 250 cases(12.382%) with lesions in duodenal papilla, including 225 cases of carcinoma (90.000%) and 25 cases(10.000%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 174 cases(8.618%) with lesions in bile duct, including 156 cases of carcinoma (89.655%) and 18 cases(10.345%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 140 cases(6.934%) with lesions in ampulla, including 134 cases of carcinoma (95.714%) and 6 cases(4.286%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 91 cases(4.507%) with lesions in duodenum, including 52 cases of carcinoma (57.143%) and 39 cases(42.857%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 18 cases(0.892%) with carcinoma in other sites. Postoperative pathological examination showed carcinoma in 1 608 cases(79.643%), benign diseases or low potential malignancy in 411 cases(20.357%). The histological types of 1 608 patients with carcinoma included adenocarcinoma in 1 447 cases (89.988%), intra-ductal papillary mucinous carcinoma in 37 cases(2.301%), adenosquamous carcinoma in 35 cases(2.177%), adenocarcinoma with other cancerous components in 29 cases(1.803%), neuroendocrine carcinoma in 18 cases(1.119%), squamous carcinoma in 1 case (0.062%), and other histological malignancies in 41 cases(2.550%). The histological types of 411 patients with benign or low poten-tial malignancy included intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in 107 cases (26.034%), chronic or autoimmune inflammatory disease in 62 cases(15.085%), neuroendocrine tumor in 58 cases(14.112%), pancreatic serous cystadenoma in 52 cases(12.652%), pancreatic solid pseudopapillary tumor in 36 cases(8.759%), gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 29 cases(7.056%), villous ductal adenoma in 20 cases(4.866%), pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma in 2 cases(0.487%), pancreatic or duodenal trauma in 2 cases(0.487%) and other histological types in 43 cases(10.462%). (4) Prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Results of survival analysis of 1 590 patients with main locations of periampullary carcinoma showed that of 1 023 patients with pancreatic cancer, 969 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.6 months, with a median follow-up time of 30.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates of pancreatic cancer patients were 19.5 months [95% confidence interval ( CI) as 18.0-21.2 months], 74.28%, 29.22% and 17.92%. Of 225 patients with duodenal papillary cancer, 185 cases were followed up for 3.0-68.9 months, with a median follow-up time of 36.7 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were unreached, 94.92%, 78.87% and 66.94%. Of 156 patients with distal bile duct cancer, 110 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 25.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 50.6 months (95% CI as 31.4 to not reached), 90.37%, 56.11% and 48.84%. Of 134 patients with ampullary cancer, 100 cases were followed up for 3.0-67.8 months, with a median follow-up time of 28.1 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 62.4 months (95% CI as 37.8 months to not reached), 90.57%, 64.98% and 62.22%. Of 52 patients with duodenal cancer, 38 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 26.2 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 52.0 months (95% CI as 30.6 months to not reached), 93.75%, 62.24% and 40.01%.There was a significant difference in overall survival after PD between patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies ( χ2=163.76, P<0.05). Conclusions:PD is safe and feasible in a high-volume pancreas center, but the incidence of overall postoperative complications remains high. With the increase of PD volume, the incidence of overall postoperative complications has significantly decreased. There is a significant difference in overall survival time after PD among patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies. The 5-year survival rate after PD for duodenal papillary cancer, ampullary cancer, duodenal cancer and distal bile duct cancer is relatively high, whereas for pancreatic cancer is low.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 456-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930955

ABSTRACT

Radical resection remains as the key treatment to improve the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and arterial invasion hinders radical resection for locally advanced lesions. More accurate assessment of resectability and selection of appropriate surgical techniques depend on better understanding of the anatomy, histology, and tumor biology of pancreatic cancer invasion to the artery. Traditional radiology assessment for artery involvement, based on the circumference of involved arteries, is not equivalent to pathological artery invasion. The depth of arterial invasion is more important than the circumference in evaluating resectability. Results of morphological observa-tion on arterial structure shows that both the feasibility of sub-adventitial divestment technique (SDT) and the necessity of arterial resection depend on whether the external elastic lamina of artery is invaded. The SDT can provide an opportunity for radical resection for pancreatic cancer with arterial invasion, while avoiding the high mortality and incidence of complications caused by arterial resection. A more precise assessment of tumor invasion depth and biological behavior will provide a more reliable basis for surgical decision for the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer with arterial invasion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 451-458, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of TRIANGLE operation in radical resection of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 30 patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent TRIANGLE operation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2020 to July 2020 were collected. There were 18 females and 12 males, aged from 41 to 79 years, with a median age of 65 years. After assessment of the resectability and dissection of the hepatoduodenal ligament, the superior mesenteric artery, celiac axis, common hepatic artery, portal vein and superior mesenteric vein of patients were exposed. According to the location of tumor, patients were performed pancreaticoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy or total pancreatectomy combined with dissection of putatively tumor-infiltrated lymphatic and neural tissue from the triangular space. During the TRIANGLE operation, it required to at least finish the skeletonization of right semi-circumference of the superior mesenteric artery and celiac axis in cases of pancreatico-duodenectomy, whereas the left semi-circumference in cases of distal pancreatectomy. In principle, both of the superior mesenteric artery and celiac axis were circumferentially skeletonized for cases of total pancreatectomy. Lymphatic, neural and fibrous tissues between the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac artery were completely dissected in all patients. Observation indicators: (1) surgical conditions and postoperative histopathological examination; (2) postoperative recovery situations; (3) follow-up. Regular follow-up was conducted by telephone interview or outpatient examinations to understand tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to January 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, Fisher exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:(1) Surgical conditions and postoperative histopathological examination: all patients underwent open operation, including 21 cases of pancreaticoduodenec-tomy, 6 cases of distal pancreatectomy, 2 cases of total pancreatectomy, 1 case of mid-segment preserving pancreatectomy. There were 16 cases combined with portal vein-superior mesenteric vein resection and 3 cases combined with left adrenal resection. For the dissection area of superior mesenteric artery-celiac axis, one cycle was conducted in 5 of 30 patients, one and a quarter cycle in 8 patients, one and a half cycle in 8 patients, one and three quarters?two cycles in 9 patients. There were 16 cases with left gastric vein dissection and 14 cases with left gastric vein preservation. The operative time of 30 patients was 287 minutes (range, 165?495 minutes) and the volume of intraoperative blood loss was 275 mL(range, 50?800 mL). Nine patients received intraoperative transfusion of red blood cells or frozen plasma. Postoperative histopathological examination showed that the tumor diameter was 3.4 cm (range, 1.2?7.3 cm), the number of harvested lymph nodes was 20 (range, 9?35), the number of positive lymph nodes was 2 (0?19). Of the 30 patients,20 cases had moderately differentiated tumor and 10 cases had poorly differentiated tumor. R 0 resection was achieved in 9 patients, 1 mm R 1 resection in 17 patients, and R 1 resection in 4 patients. Postoperative pathological T stages: 3 of 30 patents were in stage T1, 18 cases were in stage T2, 5 cases were in stage T3, and 4 cases were in stage T4. Postoperative pathological N stages: 9 of 30 patents were in stage N0, 13 cases were in stage N1, and 8 cases were in stage N2. Postoperative pathological TNM stages: 2 of 30 patents were in stage Ⅰa, 2 cases were in stage Ⅰb, 3 case were in stage Ⅱa, 11 cases were in stage Ⅱb, 12 cases were in stage Ⅲ. (2) Postoperative recovery situations: 20 of 30 patients had postoperative complications, including 6 cases of Clavien-Dindo grade I complications, 9 cases of grade Ⅱ complications, 3 cases of grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases of grade V complications. The incidence of postoperative diarrhea was 0 in cases with one cycle dissection of tissues around superior mesenteric artery-celiac axis, 1/8 in cases with one and a quarter cycle dissection, 4/8 in cases with one and a half cycle dissection, 9/9 in cases in with one and three quarters-two cycles dissection, showing a significant difference between the four groups ( P<0.05). The incidence of delayed gastric emptying was 5/16 in patients with left gastric vein dissection, versus 1/14 in patients with left gastric vein preservation, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Nineteen of 30 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy.Twenty-eight of 30 patients were successfully discharged from hospital, with the duration of postoperative hospital stay of 15 days(range, 8?68 days) and the rest of 2 patients died. Three patients had unplanned readmission within postoperative 90 days. (3) Follow-up: all the 28 patients discharged from hospital were followed up for 1.0?9.0 months, with the median follow-up time of 6.5 months. During the follow-up, one patient with locally advanced pancreatic cancer had local recurrence, 9 patients had liver metastasis (including 4 cases with resectable pancreatic cancer, 4 cases with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, 1 case with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer), and 1 patient with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer had peritoneal metastasis. The rest of 17 patients survived without tumor recurrence. Conclusions:TRIANGLE operation in the radical resection of pancreatic cancer has high radicality and low postoperative local recurrence, but a slightly high morbidity and mortality rate. Its long-term efficacy needs to be further evaluated. It is recommend that this procedure should be performed for selected patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in high-volume pancreatic surgery centers.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 350-352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865703

ABSTRACT

Pain control is one of the primary objectives in the treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP). More and more evidence clearly shows that early surgery is superior to endoscope-surgery step-up strategy in pain control, and how to accelerate the translation of high-level evidence into clinical practice will be the next initiative. Meanwhile, how to establish the diagnosis for early CP and prediction model(s) for the effectiveness of endoscopic treatment in CP are two related key directions for future research. Multidiscipline cooperation is an important component in CP treatment, and will be an important way to promote an individualized, reasonable and precise management for CP.

7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 376-383, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687620

ABSTRACT

Dual-energy computed tomography (CT) reconstruction imaging technology is an important development direction in the field of CT imaging. The mainstream model of dual-energy CT reconstruction algorithm is the basis material decomposition model, and the projection decomposition is the crucial technique. The projection decomposition algorithm based on projection matching was a general method. With establishing the energy spectrum lookup table, we can obtain the stable solution by the least squares matching method. But the computation cost will increase dramatically when size of lookup table enlarges and it will slow down the computer. In this paper, an acceleration algorithm based on projection matching is proposed. The proposed algorithm makes use of linear equations and plane equations to fit the lookup table data, so that the projection value of the decomposition coefficients can be calculated quickly. As the result of simulation experiment, the acceleration algorithm can greatly shorten the running time of the program to get the stable and correct solution.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 35-40, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809774

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate risk factors for delayed gastric emptying(DGE)following pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD).@*Methods@#There were 492 consecutive patients who underwent PD in Pancreas Center, the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University between January 2012 and December 2014 were identified from a prospective database.There were 315 male and 177 female patients with a median age of 60.5 years.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate the independent risk factors for clinically relevant DGE(CR-DGE).@*Results@#The overall incidence of DGE was 29.5%, with Grade B and C occurring at 4.3% and 5.9%, respectively.In multivariate analysis, pancreatic duct diameter less than 3 mm(OR=1.888, P=0.042), pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy(OR=2.627, P=0.005) and clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula(OR=2.740, P=0.007) were independently associated with CR-DGE.Other main complications such as postoperative pancreatic fistula, pyoperitoneum, intraabdominal infection were also associated with the severity of DGE(χ2=21.360, 14.422, 14.378; P=0.011, 0.002, 0.002). DGE patients had a significantly prolonged postoperative length of stay(31(24-41)d vs. 13(11-17)d) and increased medical cost((122 367.5±66 068.3)yuan vs. (78 200.7±27 043.9)yuan)(both P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Small pancreatic duct, underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy and suffered postoperative pancreatic fistula might indicate a high risk of CR-DGE.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 653-658, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699177

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) is a highly lethal disease for human being.Surgery in the past 100 years,novel drug combination and neoadjuvant therapy haven't changed the prognosis of PAC fundamentally.Traditionally,authors only focused on the treatment in term of morphological changes,while it's tumor biology that will ultimately determine the long-term survival of PAC patients.Surgeons should continuously pursue the radical resection of pancreatic cancer,however,with the guidance of tumor biology.Omics' researches,artificial intelligence and next generation platform of translational study will improve our understanding and treatment for PAC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 359-363, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808636

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effect of a novel artery first and uncinate process first approach for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD), emphasizing the left lateral and posterior dissection of uncinate process (UP) via Treitz ligament approach.@*Methods@#From April to November 2016, 18 patients received LPD with a novel approach in Pancreas Center of the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University. All patients were diagnosed as pancreatic head or peri-ampulla tumor, without major vessel invasion nor distant metastasis. For resection, routine caudal view was used in the first step, to dissect the anterior medial border between uncinate process and superior mesenteric vein(SMV). Lymphatic tissues were completely dissected form anterior surface of hepatoduodenal ligament. In the second step, left lateral view with camera from left para-umbilical trocar was used, Treitz ligament was incised, SMA root was exposed. After anticlockwise rotation and retraction of mesentery, the anatomic relationship between SMA trunk, inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery(IPDA), jejunal branch of SMV, and distal part of UP, could be perfectly exposed from left lateral view. SMA was dissected from its root until the position above the uncinate process and duodenum, IPDA was transected, distal part of UP was freed from SMA. In the third step, right lateral view and caudal view were alternatively used; proximal UP mesentery was completely dissected out from SMA root, CA root and posterior surface of hepatoduodenal ligament. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was completed in the forth step after transection of pancreatic neck and common hepatic duct.@*Results@#The SMA root and distal UP were successfully dissected out via Treitz ligament approach in all 18 patients, among them, distal UP was completely excised in 8 patients from left view. Postoperative pathology showed R0 resection rate in 69%. Postoperative complication included intra-abdominal hemorrhage in 1 patient, pancreatic fistula in 7 patients(6 cases with grade A and 1 case with grade B), delayed gastric emptying in 4 patients (2 cases with grade A, 2 cases with grade B). Average postoperative hospital stay was (15.5±6.8)days.@*Conclusion@#The novel artery first and uncinate process first approach through Treitz ligament could help surgeons to completely dissect the full length of meso-pancreas along celiac axis-SMA axis in LPD.

11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 31-35, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239626

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasmas (PNENs) are classified into functioning & non-functioning tumors. The radical surgery is the only effective way for the cure & long-term survival. For the locoregional resectable tumors, the surgical resection is the first choice of treatment; the surgical procedures include local resection (enucleation) and standard resection. For the insulinomas and non-functioning tumors less than 2 cm, local resection (enucleation),distal pancreatectomy with spleen-preservation or segmental pancreatectomy are the commonly selected procedures. The radical resections with regional lymph nodes dissection, including pancreaticoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy and middle segmental pancreatectomy, should be applied for tumors more than 2 cm or malignant ones. For the locoregional advanced or unresectable functioning tumors, debulking surgery should be performed and more than 90% of the lesions including primary and metastatic tumors should be removed; for the non-functioning tumors, if complicated with biliary & digestive tract obstruction or hemorrhage, the primary tumors should be resected. The liver is the most frequent site of metastases for PNENs and three types of metastases are defined. For typeⅠmetastasis, patients are recommended for surgery if there are no contraindications; For type II metastasis, debulking surgery should be applied and at least 90% of metastatic lesions should be resected, and for patients with primary tumors removed and no extrahepatic metastases, or for patients with well-differentiated (G1/G2) tumors, liver transplantation may be indicated. For the unresectable type Ⅲ metastasis, multiple adjuvant therapies should be chosen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroendocrine Tumors , General Surgery , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , General Surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 277-280, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486808

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the changes of the NJ001 specific antigen expression before and after surgery, and evaluate whether the NJ001 specific antigen could be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Methods With the method of sandwich ELISA, the serum samples from 85 pancreatic cancer patients, 22 pancreatic benign tumor and 40 healthy controls were detected respectively. The results of the NJ001 specific antigen in the serum samples from 85 pancreatic cancer patients were compared with CA19-9 detected by ECLIA.Results The positive rate of NJ001 for the pancreatic cancer group was obviously higher than that for the benign pancreatic tumor and health control groups[50.6%(43/85) vs 18.2%(4/22), χ2 =7.451, P0.05].The positive rate in the group of pancreatic cancer before surgery was higher than that after surgery[50.6%(43/85) vs 23.5%(20/85),χ2=13.341, P<0.05].In addition, the results from 85 pancreatic cancer patients showed the specificity of NJ001 specific antigen was up to 87.1%.Although the positive rate of NJ001 specific antigen for pancreatic cancer was lower than that of CA19-9[50.6%(43/85) vs 75.3%(64/85), χ2 =11.121, P<0.05], it was higher when they combined [ 85.9%( 73/85 ) ] .Conclusions It shows high positive rate of NJ001 specific antigen in the patients of pancreatic cancer in this study, which suggests that NJ001 specific antigen might be a potential valuable biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 684-687, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419350

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe a novel technical modification of the uncinate process first approach with a retrograde dissection of the pancreatic head.Methods The authors described the surgical technique,and reported their preliminary experience.The surgical data,postoperative outcomes and pathological results of patients who were submitted to PD/PP PD (20 patients) and TP (3 patients) for pancreatic neoplasm using “the uncinate process first” technique between December 2010and May 2011 were reviewed.Retrograde resection of the pancreatic head was performed starting with the uncinate process after division of the first jejunal loop.The transection of the pancreas was the last operative step of the resection.The technical aspects and possible advantages of this procedure were discussed.Results The authors used this technique successfully in 23 patients.In 3 patients with a replaced or accessory RHA,the arteries were all successfully preserved.In another patient with a replaced HCA,the artery was also successfully preserved.In 1 patient with adenocarcinoma which involved the SMV,en-bloc vascular resection was carried out.Additionally,the authors used this technique on 3 patients with IPMN-2 and SPPN-1 to carry out total pancreatectomy.The uncinate process first was performed on 23 patients without any intraoperative and postoperative complication and massive bleeding.No patient required blood transfusion.The surgical margins,including retroperitoneal marginswere negative.Conclusions The “uncinate process first” approach can be used as an alternative approach in modern pancreatic surgery.Further studies are required to evaluate this procedure regarding operative parameters and postoperative outcomes when compared with the standard resectional procedure.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 6-8, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425448

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of uncinate process first for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).MethodsThe clinical data of 19 patients admitted from December 2010 to March 2011,who underwent uncinate process first for PD were studied.ResultsAmong the 19 patients,there were 5 cases of periampullary adenocarcinoma,11 cases of pancreatic cancer,1 case of duodenum aggressive fibromatosis,1 case of main pancreatic duct type IPMN,1 case of SPN.During operation,3 patients (21%) were found to have abnormal or aberrant right hepatic artery.Among the 11 patients with pancreatic cancer,there are Peripancreatic lymph node(3 ~7) metastasis,in 7 cases,and nerve invasion occurred in 8 cases.All the N16 lymph nodes,pancreatic stump,bile duct margin,duodenum and retroperitoneal margin were negative,and all the cases were subjected to R0 resection.The median time for the portal vein blocking was 16 minutes.The average operation time was 4h and there was no major bleeding occurred,and the mean blood loss was 600 ml.No intractable diarrhea occurred post-operatively. Conclusions Uncinate process first for PD offers a comfortable,safe,accurate and controllable method to resect pancreatic head.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 381-384, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389548

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the model of hyperlipidemie acute pancreatitis(AP)to explore the mechanism of hyperlipidemia in aggravating AP.Methods Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups at radmon:1)control group(C);2)hyperlipidemic group(TG);3)acute pancreatitis group(AP);4)hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis group(HAP).After 8 weeks,blood,pancreas and peripancreas tissue were collected from each rats for determination of various parameters.Results The levels of hyperilidemic index were elevated in HAP group compared with those of other groups.The ADP/ATP ratio was obviously increased in HAP group.Caspase-3 and caspase-8 of HAP group presented in zymogen forms,while in AP group they were in activity forms.After the pancreas issue were stained bv HE and further analyzed through TUNEL assay,we found that there were more pancreatic acinar cells undergoing necrosis in HAP group.Conclusion Hyperilidemia may promote the course of apoptosis to necrosis of pancreatic acinar cells,which may be the mechanism of deterioration in hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis.

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