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China Pharmacy ; (12): 2028-2031, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936984


Remote pharmaceutical care refers to the process that pharmacists provide pharmaceutical care to patients remotely through information technology. Remote pharmaceutical care in China starts late and develops slowly. Therefore ,this paper discusses the pharmaceutical care modes that pharmacists at home and abroad can provide under the remote mode by collecting literature. The results show that foreign remote pharmaceutical care starts early and is relatively mature. The service mainly included remote follow-up and intervention ,24-hour online prescription and order review ,24-hour online drug reorganization ,and guidance on rational drug use in remote areas or community hospitals. The service population covers patients with cardiovascular disease , diabetes,asthma,AIDS and so on. Some hospitals have established an integrated pharmaceutical care system of “Internet+Medical Consortium”in China ,with which pharmacists can provide patients with pharmaceutical care such as remote follow-up and intervention,drug consultation and so on. With the promotion of telemedicine ,domestic pharmacists can gradually expand the scope of services ,expand pharmaceutical services such as remote consultation and remote popular science push ,and realize the sharing of high-quality pharmaceutical care for the whole people.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934515


Off-label drug use is a global problem in clinical practice. The management status, attitude and medical insurance coverage of off-label drug use are different in various countries. By analyzing the management and reimbursement policy of off-label drug use in other countries, the authors suggested that China should speed up the institutional arrangements of off-label drug use and establish relevant management systems, and strengthen the supervision of off-label drug use, so as to guarantee the rights of patients to the best treatment.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 397-401, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817282


OBJECTIVE:To o ptimize the t ype of nervous system medicines in National Essential Medicine List of China. METHODS:Various editions of WHO Essential Medicine Model List (WHO EML )were consulted ,the collection of nervous system medicines was analyzed statistically ,and 2017 edition of WHO EML was compared with 2018 edition of National Essential Medicine List of China (NEML). RESULTS :During 1977-2017,the total number of nervous system medicines and disease coverage included in each edition of WHO EML had little change. Compared with 2017 edition of WHO EML ,2018 edition of NEML contained more medicines for nervous system disease (54 medicines vs. 30 medicines),and covered more disease types , such as dementia (huperzine A )and neuralgia (pregabalin),etc. However ,for the treatment of multiple sclerosis ,neuralgia, dementia and other diseases ,there were not many medicines to choose ,and some similar medicines (with the same or similar mechanism of action )were collected repeatedly and some medicines had serious adverse reaction. CONCLUSIONS :It is suggested that National Essential Medicine List should be continuously optimized and perfected ,the varieties of essential medicines for the treatment of nervous system diseases should be increased appropriately ,for improving the treatment effect of such diseases and reducing the cost burden of patients.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1667-1674, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483799


Aim To investigate the effect of Salvianol-ic acid A (Sal A)on mice with isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infraction and its possible mecha-nisms.Methods The mice were subcutaneously in-jected with ISO (8 mg·kg-1 )to induce myocardial in-farction.The myocardial protective effect of Salvianolic acid A was evaluated from mortality rate,electrocardio-gram (ECG),heart function,myocardial infarction in-dex,serum myocardial enzymes and its action mecha-nisms were explored from inflammation,anti-oxidation and cells apoptosis.Results Salvianolic acid A dose-dependently enhanced the heart function of myocardial infarction mice,reduced the heart index,inhibited the myocardial enzyme leakage,showed obvious myocardi-al protection effects.ELISA results showed that Salvi- anolic acid A could reduce the expression of myocardial inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6(interleukin-6,IL-6),TNF-α(tumornecrosis factor-α,TNF-α).West-ern-blotting confirmed that Salvianolic acid A could in-crease the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2, reduce the expression of apoptosis protein Bax,and raise the phosphorylation level of PI3K and Akt.Con-clusion Salvianolic acid A displays a significant pro-tective effect against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction and its mechanism may be related to the in-crease of PI3K/Akt signal pathway and the inhibition of cell apoptosis and inflammatory reaction.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 741-744, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475314


Vascular calcification is a process similar to bone de-velopment, which is excessively abnormal deposition of calcium and phosphate in blood vessel wall. It is a sign of early athero-sclerosis formation, and can reduce the atherosclerotic vascular compliance. The common regulation of vascular calcification is affected by many factors. This article discusses the formation of vascular calcification from the molecular mechanism, the chemi- <br> cal mechanism and metabolic factors. It also reviews the progress of the prevention of vascular calcification by traditional Chinese medicine.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 875-81, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448666


This study is to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Uygur medicine bugloss (BTF) on rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, and to explore the mechanisms by which it acts. Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in rats was occluded for 30 min followed by 4 h reperfusion. Meanwhile, BTF dissolved in saline was administered intraperitoneally at dosage of 10, 30 and 50 mg x kg(-1). Electrocardiograph, infarction index, serum myocardial enzymes and heart function were determined to evaluate the effect of BTF. Some other observations were carried out to explore whether inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis is involved in the mechanisms underlying BTF. Our results showed that in ischemia/reperfusion injured rats BTF could dose-dependently reduce myocardial infarction index and myocardial enzyme leakage, and enhance heart function, indicating that it possesses significant cardio protection. ELISA analysis showed that BTF could decrease the content of myocardial inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha. Western-blotting confirmed that BTF could increase the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduce the expression of proapoptosis protein Bax. Further more, the phosphorylation level of PI3K and Akt was upregulated by BTF treatment. BTF can protect rat against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Anti-inflammation and inhibition of apoptosis through upregulating PI3K/Akt signal pathway may contribute to the protective effect of BTF.