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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 709-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and quality of life, the association between CMD and perceived stress, and the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CMD and the improvement of quality of life in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected by the employees' physical examination of a company in Xi'an in 2021. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between the status of CMD (divided into three categories: no CMD, presence of one kind of CMD, and with≥2 kinds of CMD (≥2 kinds of CMD were defined as cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM)), quality of life, and perceived stress. Mediation analysis with a multi-categorical independent variable was conducted to determine the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life. Results: Among all 4 272 participants, 1 457 (34.1%) participants had one kind of CMD and 677 (15.8%) participants had CMM. The average scores for quality of life and perceived stress were (57.5±15.7) and (16.9±7.9), respectively. Compared with participants without CMD, after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, no statistically significant associations were observed between one kind of CMD and perceived stress or quality of life (both P>0.05). Perceived stress did not mediate the association between one kind of CMD and quality of life. However, participants with CMM had lower quality of life and higher perceived stress than participants without CMD. The relative total effect coefficient c (95%CI) and the relative direct effect coefficient c' (95%CI) between CMM and quality of life were -3.71 (-5.04--2.37) and -2.52 (-3.81--1.24) (both P<0.05), respectively. The relative indirect effect coefficient a2b (95%CI) of perceived stress on the association between CMM and quality of life was -1.18 (-1.62--0.77) (P<0.05). The mediation effect size was 31.8%. Conclusions: CMM is negatively associated with quality of life and positively associated with perceived stress. Perceived stress partially mediates the association between CMM and quality of life. Our results suggest that, in addition to preventing and treating CMM actively, efforts should be taken to relieve the perceived stress of people with CMM to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Stress, Psychological
2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 867-875, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008911

ABSTRACT

Medical studies have found that tumor mutation burden (TMB) is positively correlated with the efficacy of immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and TMB value can be used to predict the efficacy of targeted therapy and chemotherapy. However, the calculation of TMB value mainly depends on the whole exon sequencing (WES) technology, which usually costs too much time and expenses. To deal with above problem, this paper studies the correlation between TMB and slice images by taking advantage of digital pathological slices commonly used in clinic and then predicts the patient TMB level accordingly. This paper proposes a deep learning model (RCA-MSAG) based on residual coordinate attention (RCA) structure and combined with multi-scale attention guidance (MSAG) module. The model takes ResNet-50 as the basic model and integrates coordinate attention (CA) into bottleneck module to capture the direction-aware and position-sensitive information, which makes the model able to locate and identify the interesting positions more accurately. And then, MSAG module is embedded into the network, which makes the model able to extract the deep features of lung cancer pathological sections and the interactive information between channels. The cancer genome map (TCGA) open dataset is adopted in the experiment, which consists of 200 pathological sections of lung adenocarcinoma, including 80 data samples with high TMB value, 77 data samples with medium TMB value and 43 data samples with low TMB value. Experimental results demonstrate that the accuracy, precision, recall and F1 score of the proposed model are 96.2%, 96.4%, 96.2% and 96.3%, respectively, which are superior to the existing mainstream deep learning models. The model proposed in this paper can promote clinical auxiliary diagnosis and has certain theoretical guiding significance for TMB prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Mutation , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
3.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 473-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005858

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To estimate the prevalence, associated factors and patterns of multimorbidity of non-communicable diseases among adults in Shaanxi Province so as to provide evidence for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. 【Methods】 We used the data of adults aged 18 years and older collected in the baseline survey of Shaanxi Project in the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China. Multinomial logistic regression was used to explore the associated factors for multimorbidity. Exploratory factor analysis was used to extract patterns of multimorbidity. 【Results】 The prevalence of multimorbidity was 10.7% among the 44 442 participants. Age increase, being males, urban residence, and being overweight or obesity were positively associated with multimorbidity. Compared with women, men had a higher risk of multimorbidity. The OR and 95% CI was 1.25 (1.12-1.39). The risk of multimorbidity increased with age among adults. Compared with participants aged 18.0-34.9 years, the ORs and 95% CIs of those aged 35.0-44.9, 45.0-54.9, 55.0-64.9, and ≥65.0 years were 4.73 (3.47-6.46), 15.61 (11.60-21.00), 41.39 (30.76-55.70) and 90.04 (66.58-121.77), respectively. The primary multimorbidity patterns among adults in Shaanxi were cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity (5.4%), viscero-articular multimorbidity (1.0%), and respiratory multimorbidity (0.3%). 【Conclusion】 More than one in ten adults in Shaanxi Province had multimorbidity, and the predominant pattern of multimorbidity was cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity. The prevention and control of non-communicable diseases should be reinforced in middle-aged and older people, males, people living in the urban, and overweight or obese people. More attention should be paid to the prevention and control of cardiovascular-metabolic diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 852-857, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955201

ABSTRACT

In February 2022, the world′s first gallbladder reporting and data system (GB-RADS) for the assessment of gallbladder wall thickening on ultrasonography was published in the form of an international expert consensus. The GB-RADS system classifies gallbladder wall thickening into six levels (GB-RADS 0?5), with gradually increasing risk of malignancy. It is mainly based on the following features: symmetry and extent (focal versus circumferential) of involvement, layered appearance, intramural features (including intramural cysts and echogenic foci), and interface with the liver. The proposed system is important for the standardized diagnosis and treatment of gallbladder diseases. The authors interpret the consensus, introduce the evaluation points and classification standards, and suggest the future applications and research directions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 569-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004258

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the causes and treatments for the incompatible crossmatching between a patient, who underwent the minor ABO mismatches lung transplantation, and the blood donor with ABO-compatible blood. 【Methods】 A patient, who underwent the minor ABO mismatches (donor group O; recipient group A) lung transplantation developed a continuous decrease in Hb for 13 days after surgery, The blood sample of the patient presented major crossmatching incompatibility with the blood donors and the causes of it were analyzed by the recipient′s blood type reviewing, direct antiglobulin test, antibody screening and erythrocyte elution. 【Results】 The patient’s serum reacted with A1 erythrocyte reagent with agglutination strength at ±, and enhanced to 1+ at 4℃ after 10 min incubation.Antibodies were not detected by 10-cell panel and the effects of unexpected antibodies were excluded.The results of direct antiglobulin test and elution test were positive, and eluted anti-A antibody was detected.Combined with the patient′s continuous decline in Hb and elevated total bilirubin, passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) was clinically diagnosed.After the transfusion of 6 U of O-type washed RBCs, the symptoms of anemia were improved and no adverse reactions occurred. 【Conclusion】 PLS may occur after an ABO mismatched solid organ transplantation.Most of the hemolytic symptoms are not obvious and easy to ignore, therefore clinical indicators of direct antiglobulin test results, Hb and total bilirubin should be continuously monitored after transplantation for early detection and timely treatment of PLS to avoid major adverse consequences.

6.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 161-167, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821078

ABSTRACT

@#A reversed phase HPLC method for determination of hydroxylsafflower yellow A in safflower W/O cream was established. The column was Zorbax Eclipse C18 column(4. 6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), and the mobile phase was composed of methanol, acetonitrile and 0. 02% phosphoric acid solution(26 ∶2〓 ∶72). The flow rate of mobile phase was set at 1. 0 mL/min, and the column temperature was kept at 55 °C. The detection wavelength was 403 nm. Safflower W/O cream was successively demulsified with methanol at high temperature and followed by the addition of purified water for the extraction. The results showed that the excipients did not interfere with the chromatographic peak of hydroxylsafflower yellow A. Hydroxylsafflower yellow A presented a good linear relationship in the range of 1. 236- 12. 36 μg/mL(y=156. 17x+1. 198 3, r=0. 999 5), and the detection limit was 23. 6 ng/mL with the quantitative limit of 118 ng/mL. The percentage of extracting recovery was in the range of 99. 7% to 103. 3%. The precision RSD was 0. 12%(n=6), and the sample stability was acceptable when being stored at room temperature for 24 h. The developed method in this study was simple, rapid, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for the determination of hydroxylsafflower yellow A in safflower W/O cream.

7.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 308-316, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804563

ABSTRACT

@#To improve the oral bioavailability of insulin, an insulin-loaded enteric polymer-lipid hybrid nanoparticles(INS-NPs L100)was prepared using methoxy PEG-poly(D, L-lactide)(PEG-PLA), phospholipid s75 and Eudragit L100; in vitro and in vivo behaviors of INS-NPs L100 were evaluated. Insulin-loaded polymer-lipid hybrid nanoparticles(INS-NPs)were prepared by W/O/W double emulsion solvent evaporation method. INS-NPs formulation was optimized by single factor experiment using encapsulation efficiency, particle size, and in vitro release behavior of the corresponding INS-NPs L100 as evaluation indexes. The morphology, in vitro drug release profile and hypoglycemic effect of the INS-NPs L100 using the optimal INS-NPs and Eudragit® L100(used as enteric polymer)were assessed. The results showed that the encapsulation efficiency of the optimal INS-NPs was(62. 18±4. 51)%. The average particle size, PDI and Zeta potential was(225. 2±94. 3)nm, 0. 191±0. 068, and -(14. 84±1. 26)mV, respectively. The cumulative drug release from the INS-NPs L100 was only 8. 01% at 2 h in pH 1. 0 HCl solution, exhibiting a slow drug release behavior; while the drug release from INS-NPs L100 was 67. 31% at 6 h in phosphate buffer of pH 6. 8. Mereorer, after oral administration of INS-NPs L100 with a dose of 38 IU/kg, the blood glucose concentration of healthy rats was reduced to 76% of the initial values at 3. 5 h, exhibiting a sustained hypoglycemic effect. In summary, the INS-NPs L100 prepared in this study could effectively decrease the release rate of insulin in gastric juice, improve the stability of protein in the gastrointestinal tract, and provide a new approach for the oral administration of peptides and protein drugs.

8.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 587-595, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811761

ABSTRACT

@#:In order to improve the compliance of patients with Alzheimer′s disease and maintain the continuity of treatment by reducing administration frequency of memantine hydrochloride, a series of memantine long-acting nanosuspension-based injectable formulations were prepared using a hydrophobic salt formation method. Four hydrophobic salt forms of memantine were prepared, including memantine oleate(Mem-Ole), memantine stearate(Mem-Ste), memantine palmitate(Mem-Pal)and memantine pamoate(Mem-Pam). The salt forms of memantine were characterized using fourier transform infrared(FTIR)spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance(1H NMR)spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD)analysis. The equilibrium solubilities of different salt forms of memantine and the in vitro drug release of long-acting injectable formulations were investigated. In comparison with memantine alone, the equilibrium solubilities of Mem-Ole, Mem-Ste, Mem-Pal and Mem-Pam in simulated body fluid were decreased by 95. 1%、96. 2%、96. 7% and 99. 6%, respectively. Meanwhile, the equilibrium solubilities of Mem-Pam in simulated body fluid with pH ranging from 5 to 8 were all lower than 0. 07 mg/mL. The order of the in vitro drug release rate of the four long-acting injectable formulations with nanosuspensions of memantine was Mem-Ste> Mem-Pal≈Mem-Ole> Mem-Pam> Memantine. The Mem-Pam nanosuspensions could sustain drug release for seven days and exhibited a zero-order drug release profile(y=0. 549 9x+7. 594 2, r=0. 988 3). In conclusion, injectable Mem-Pam nanosuspensions showed desired drug release behavior and might potentially be applied in vivo for a week with a steady plasma drug concentration-time profile.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 109-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247831

ABSTRACT

We retrieve and analyze the articles on body surface temperature of acupoints in the recent 50 years. Surface temperatures have been compared between acupoints and nonacupoints, and among acupoints in different states. The impacts of interventions for acupoint temperature are explored, including acupuncture,moxibustion and cupping, etc. We summarize the features and the rules of acupoint skin temperature. It is considered that there exists distribution rule for healthy people's acupoint skin temperature. That means acupoints have higher surface temperature than nonacupoints. In the same meridian the nearer acupoints close to the head and trunk, the higher the temperature is. The difference in symmetrical acupoints temperatures between the left and right side is about 0.5℃. In the different meridians the skin temperatures of adjacent acpoints are similar. The changes of acupoint's skin temperature in illness can be used as the auxiliary diagnosis. Acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping can produce acupoints stimulating, metabolism improving,balance, acupoint temperature regulating. Thus,diseases are relieved. The specificity and regularity that acupoint's skin temperature presents may be one of the manifestations of the acupoint specificity, also it is an important starting point of the research on acupoint sensitization. The further studies should consider different diseases and modern biological engineering techniques, so that more rules of acupoints temperature can be found by more sensitive and objective temperature measurements as well as experimental and the mathematical models.

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To map dominant antigenic determinants on SAK by gene-targeted fragmemt library . Methods:①The PcAbs specificly against SAK were produced by immunning BALB/C mice. Pu rified the antisera through a SAK-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography column. The purified PcAbs were biotinylated for next step. ② After constructing SAK r andom epitope library we sequenced 12 isolated clones randomly to ensure its int egrity ,capability and randomness.③The library was screening by situ-clone hy bridization.④Constructed mSAK ,the A1 region deleted mutant of SAK ,and used Western-blot assay to identified its immunoreactivity. Results:①Got a dominant epitope at amino acid 71-89,called A1 region; ②Western-bl ot assay suggested that mSAK, a mutant SAK without A1 region., didn't combine to the anti-SAK PcAbs.Conclusion:A dominant epitope of SAK was mapped successfully with a simple,effective method . [

11.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573438

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of different process methods on the content of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract from Rhizoma Drynariae. METHODS: The contents of total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae processed in different ways were assayed by polyamide chromatography and ultraviolet spectroplotometry; the contents of the aqueous extract were assayed by extraction in water. RESULTS: The contents of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract in Rhizoma Drynariae increased after it was processed and purified. The contents of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract in Rhizoma Dyrnariae hotted in sands, at constant temperature oven and microwave process were not influenced, but easier to be extracted in water by these methods. CONCLUSION:Microwave processis better than the other methods.

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