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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 123-127, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494197


Objective To investigate the selection of operative method and peri operative managements for osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients aged over 75 years.Methods A total of 132 consecutive patients aged 75-91 years with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures from July 2009 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.47 patients were treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS group),44 patients with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA group) and 41 patients with Gamma Ⅲ nail (Gamma Ⅲ group).The peri-operative managements,operation circumstance,the time for fracture union,postoperative complications and the degree of functional recovery were analyzed and compared between the 3 groups.Results The mean surgical time was shorter in Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group [(68.7±9.1) min,(80.5±11.3) min vs (112.2±18.4) min,both P<0.01].The mean blood loss was less in the Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group[(156.9±18.5) ml,(183.4±21.3) ml vs (296.2±29.6) ml,both P<0.01].The mean time for fracture healing was shorter in Gamma [Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than inDHSgroup [(12.6±2.4) weeks,(13.1±2.4) weeks vs (15.3±3.2) weeks,both P< 0.05],and it has no obvious difference between Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (P>0.05).There were significant differences in postoperative complications between Gamma Ⅲ nail,PFNA groups and DHS group (2 cases,3 cases vv 11 cases,P<0.05,respectively).The mean Harris hip score had no significantly difference among DHS,Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (87.4±11.6,90.2±13.0 vs 88.9±12.3,both P>0.05).Conclusions The 3 operative methods for stable intertrochanteric fracture are feasible and effective in elderly patients,but for unstable intertrochanteric fractures,the treatment with Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA has advantages.