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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922757

ABSTRACT

During the pathogensis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), activated RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) combines similar proliferative features as tumor and inflammatory features as osteoarthritis, which eventually leads to joint erosion. Therefore, it is imperative to research and develop new compounds, which can effectively inhibit abnormal activation of RA-FLSs and retard RA progression. Neohesperidin (Neo) is a major active component of flavonoid compounds with anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant properties. In this study, the anti-inflammation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, anti-oxidant and apoptosis-induced effects of Neo on RA-FLSs were explored to investigate the underlying mechanism. The results suggested that Neo decreased the levels of interleukin IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP-3, MMP-9 and MMP-13 in FLSs. Moreover, Neo blocked the activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, treatment with Neo induced the apoptosis of FLSs, and inhibited the migration of FLSs. It was also found that Neo reduced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by TNF-α. Taken together, our results highlighted that Neo may act as a potential and promising therapeutic drug for the management of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Hesperidin/analogs & derivatives , Humans , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
2.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 843-849, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27915

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. PURPOSE: This study primarily aimed to evaluate the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-4 in patients with lumbar radiculopathy 1 and 12 months after microdiscectomy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar radiculopathy is possibly caused by inflammatory changes in the nerve root. The intraneural application of pro-inflammatory cytokines induces behavioral signs associated with pain. Anti-inflammatory cytokine treatment effectively reduces hyperalgesia. METHODS: The role of TNF-α and IL-4 in long-lasting lumbar radiculopathy was addressed. A total of 262 patients were recruited from Anqing Hospital, Anhui Medical University. During inclusion at 1 and 12 months, serum concentrations of TNF-α and IL-4 were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and pain intensity was reported on a 0–10 cm visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: Sixty six patients had VAS <3 and 196 patients had VAS ≥3. Serum concentrations of pro-inflammatory TNF-α and anti-inflammatory IL-4 in patients with lumbar radiculopathy related to disc herniation were measured at 1- and 12-month follow-up. TNF-α decreased in both VAS groups with time. In contrast, IL-4 increased in both groups at 1 month and then decreased gradually until month 12. The changes in serum levels of TNF-α and IL-4 over time between the VAS ≥3 and VAS <3 groups were significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic lumbar radiculopathy may be associated with high level of pro-inflammatory substances, such as TNF-α, in serum after disc herniation, and elevated anti-inflammatory cytokine in patients with lumbar radiculopathy may indicate a favorable outcome.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperalgesia , Interleukin-4 , Interleukins , Radiculopathy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Visual Analog Scale
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323135

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the surgical methods and effects in the treatment of sacrum tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifteen patients of sacrum tumor included 12 males 3 females aged from 17 to 68 years old,mean 54.6 years. Ten cases were primary tumor and 5 were metastatic tumor. Five cases underwent anterior approach tumor extirpation, 3 posterior approach tumor extirpation and 7 posterior tumor extirpation with bone graft and internal fixation of a pedicle screw and rod system. Additionally, all cases were treated with radiotherapy or/and chemotherapy post-operatively according to the character of the tumor.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirteen patients were followed-up for 4 months to 5 years. One patient had exacerbation accompanying dysfunction of urinary and feca after surgery, which relieved after four months of non-operative treatments. One chordoblastoma and 2 metastatic tumor died of recurrence and metastasis 1 to 2 years after operation, respectively. And in another case of giant cell tumor occurred the local recurrence 6 months after operation, who refused secondary surgical treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Individualized surgical treatment with conbination of radio therapy or/and chemotherapy will make good results for patients with sacrum tumor.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Sacrum , Pathology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639460

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the femoral neck anteversion(FNA) of developmental dislocation of the hip(DDH) and guide operation with visual and digitalized picture in the dimensional(3D) CT.Methods Ninety children with unilateral DDH were selected,and they were analyzed using 3D CT.Children whose FNA exceed 45 degree received the subtrochanter osteotomy with images from different direction,FNA of hip was measured respectively before and after operation and was measured in normal and abnormal hips respectively,FNA of hip received respectively statistical treatment.Ninety patients (90 hips) were followed up ranging from 3 months to 2 years with the mean of 13 months.Results In the group younger than 18 months,the FNA whose in normal hips was(19.40?3.512)degree,the FNA while(68.45?12.272)degree in dysplasia hips respectively,the FNA measured after operation was (20.45?2.940) degree;in the group elder than 6 years,there were significantly statistical differences,the FNA in normal hips was(19.44?3.561)degree,in dysplasia hips respectively was(73.49?12.678)degree,while the FNA measured after operation was(18.28?1.931)degree.Clinical assessment was performed according to Mckay′s classification.The results showed that the overall excellent or good rate was 95.6%.Conclusions 3D CT method is a new accurate and convenient and reduplicative method for measuring FNA.It will be more helpful for related operations when 3D images are considered.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676037

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate and identify the adult neural stem cells from the parenchyma of spinal cord in adult mouse.Methods The parenchymal spinal cord from adult mouse was dissected and dissociated by mechanical trituration.The tissue suspension was cultured in serum-free DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with EGF and B27.The cell colonies generated from a single cell were screened by limited dilution and incubated with BrdU.The cell colonies were transferred into medium with serum to induce differentiation.The cells were identified with antibodies to Nestin,BrdU,MAP2 and GFAP by immunofluorescence staining.Results The cells were cultured for seven days to generate proliferative neurospheres.The majority of cells in these neurospheres expressed Nestin and were differentiated into MAP2-positive cells and GFAP-positive cells in medium containing with fetal bovine serum.Conclusion A significant number of neural stem cells are present in the parenchymal adult mouse spinal cord and can proliferate and also give rise to neurons and glia in vitro.

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