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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 738-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909088

ABSTRACT

Objective:The surveillance results of brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province are analyzed to provide basis for formulating prevention and control strategies.Methods:Retrospective analysis method was used to collect the surveillance data from Lushan County Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Animal Husbandry Department from 2011 to 2019. Descriptive statistical analysis was made on the serological, pathogenic of brucellosis.Results:From 2011 to 2019, 15 943 high-risk people were investigated, and 10 834 were serologically tested, with a positive detection rate of 23.11% (2 504/10 834). Among them, the positive detection rate of brucellosis serum increased rapidly in 2013 and decreased after 2016. The positive detection rate was 25.87% (1 593/6 157) in men and 19.48% (911/4 677) in women. The age of positive detection was mainly 40-< 70 years old, accounting for 70.45% (1 764/2 504). The positive detection rate of farmers in all occupations was the highest, which was 25.97% (2 242/8 634). There were significant differences in the positive detection rates among different gender, age and occupation (χ 2=61.163, 27.855, 257.412, P < 0.01). A total of 578 blood samples from patients with acute brucellosis were isolated and cultured, 215 strains of Brucella were detected, and the positive detection rate was 37.20%. Conclusions:The high-risk group of human brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City is middle-aged and elderly male farmers engaged in aquaculture. It is suggested that the joint prevention and control measures should be strengthened, the health education of high-risk groups should be strengthened, and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to control the occurrence and prevalence of brucellosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 420-427, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484895

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and mechanism of bone morrow MSCs transplantation in swine with AMI by cell biology and molecular imaging methods including PET/CT, SPECT, and MRI. Methods Twenty?four Chinese mini?swine ( ( 25 ± 5 ) kg ) were randomly divided into 2 groups: MSCs group ( n=12) and control group ( n=12) . Myocardial infarction was induced in swine hearts by occlusion of the LAD. Thirty minutes later, the MSCs group received autologous MSCs transplantation through in?tramyocardial injection into the peri?infarcted areas (2×107,2 ml) and the control group was subjected to cell culture medium in the same way. At the 1st and 4th weeks after MSCs transplantation, myocardial glu?cose metabolism, myocardial perfusion and cardiac function were evaluated in the two groups through PET/CT, SPECT and MRI. The minimum FDG mean signal intensity ( MSI ) , summed MSI, SRS, SRS%, LVEF, ESV, stroke volume ( SV) and cardiac output ( CO) were calculated. On the 4th week, HE and Masson′s Trichrome stains were performed. Mann?Whitney u test and non?parametric Wilcoxon test were used. Results (1) As evaluated by PET in the 1st week, the MSI and summed MSI in MSCs group were less than those in control group ( 22. 10 ± 3. 18 vs 35. 70 ± 3. 02, z=-2. 65; 1 013. 50 ± 29. 37 vs 1 084. 00 ± 21?15, z=-1.97;both P0.05). (2) In the 1st week, the perfusion variables had no signifi?cant differences between the two groups ( P>0.05) . There was no significant difference in any perfusion vari?ables between the 1st and 4th weeks in the two groups, respectively (P>0.05). (3) As evaluated by MRI, the cardiac functional parameters had no significant differences between the two groups at the 1st week. In the MSCs groups, LVEF increased significantly ((54.41±2.62)% vs (47.54±2.43)%;z=-2.60, P0.05) . Conclusions Four weeks after MSCs transplantation for AMI, cardiac func?tion and myocardial glucose metabolism improved significantly but without significant myocardial perfusion improvement. Therefore, the cardiac function improvement might be associated with increased myocardial glucose metabolism.

3.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7150-7155, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438954

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Stem celltherapy research has been able to continue to observe the different types of stem cells, but there is stil no single imaging mode for a comprehensive evaluation of the effect of stem celltherapy. OBJECTIVE:To review the tracing of cellmarkers and imaging technology in stem celltherapy and to prospect the clinical application of molecular imaging in stem celltherapy. METHODS:The first author retrieved the PubMed for articles (January 2005 to December 2012) regarding application of molecular imaging in stem celltherapy, cellmarking methods and imaging technology, ideal imaging mode for stem celltherapy, and tracing of different stem cells using molecular imaging method. The key words were“molecular imaging, stem celltherapy, celltransplantation, regenerative medicine”in English. Twenty of 269 papers were included in result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:At present, the ability to continuously monitor the biological processes of the transplanted stem cells relies on the histological analysis at different times. However, molecular imaging can observe in vivo complex system functions at the molecular, cellular, organ, and whole body level. As the technology improves, the change in the molecular level can be assessed in the context of the living organism. At the same time, a number of methods are available and meeting the demands to track stem cells by molecular imaging. Imaging technology increases the feasibility of stem celltherapy, and contributes to clarify the new biological mechanism during the stem celltherapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6481-6488, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Embryonic stem cel s have the capacity of multi-differentiation potential, and have been utilized for the therapy of acute liver injury. However, the migration and proliferation of embryonic stem cel s after transplantation remains not wel characterized. OBJECTIVE:To track the transplanted embryonic stem cel s in repairing acute liver injury by bioluminescence imaging technology. METHODS:Murine embryonic stem cel s (D3) were transducted with a construct composed of firefly luciferase, monomeric red fluorescence protein and herpes simplex virus truncated thymidine kinase triple fusion reporter genes by lentivirus system. Stable D3 embryonic stem cel s integrating three report genes were screened. The undifferentiated embryonic stem cel s or differentiated embryonic stem cel s from the 6-day-old embryoid body were transplanted into acute liver injury model of SV129 mouse through spleen, and the transplanted cel s were monitored by bioluminescence imaging technology. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Reverse transcription PCR results showed that the expression level of Oct-4 and Nanog was not affected in embryonic stem cel s transducted with triple fusion reporter gene compared with wild-type embryonic stem cel s. The migration process of transplanted cel s was visualized by bioluminescence imaging technology. Teratomas were found in both triple fusion-embryonic stem cel s treatment group and triple fusion-embryoid body cel s treatment group at liver, and the teratoma formation could be suppressed by ganciclovir administration because ganciclovir can react with herpes simplex virus truncated thymidine kinase and trigger cel necrosis process. Histological analysis showed that teratomas comprised tissues from al three germ layers. These results demonstrate that triple gene fusion does not affect differentiation potential of embryonic stem cel s and it is risky to utilize embryonic stem cel s for cel therapy, because it affects repair of liver injury. The therapy strategy requires further improvement and real-time visualizing of embryonic stem cel s in vivo is absolutely necessary.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 859-863, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442058

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of RNAi targeting Livin gene on biology characteristics such as apoptosis and proliferation in human prostate cancer cells.Methods siRNA expression vector targeting Livin gene was constructed and transfected into human prostate cancer cell line PC3.The expressions of Livin mRNA and protein were detected by real-time PCR and Western-blot,cell apoptosis and cell cycle were assayed by flow cytometry,proliferation and colony formation were detected by MTT and colony formation assay,and the tumor growth in vivo was observed in nude mice.Results After transfection,downregulation of Livin mRNA and protein expression in PC3 cells was observed (P<0.01).Compared with the control group,the proliferation of cancer cells was inhibited significantly (P<0.01) and the apoptotic ratio was (26.5±3.3) % (P<0.01).The Caspase3 activity increased obviously (P<0.05),and the experimental group showed a decreased colony formation rate (P<0.01).The tumor volume of xenografts in nude mouse in experimental and control group was (1.79± 0.07) and (4.40 ± 0.06) cm3 respectively (P < 0.01).Conclusions The siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting Livin gene was constructed and can knockdown the expression of Livin mRNA and protein.It can inhibit PC3 cell proliferation,induce apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth in vivo.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 491-496, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418859

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate mobilization of the bone-marrow-derived stem cell (BMSC) into peripheral blood by granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) to accelerate the renal regeneration.Methods Six-week-old transgenic C57BL/6J mice labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP) as bone marrow donors and C57BL/6 mice without fluorescence label as recipients ( n =20 ) of bone marrow transplantation were used.All recipients received lethal dose of 8.5 Gy total body γ-ray irradiation with 137 Cs before bone marrow transplantation,and the transplantation of bone marrow mononuclear cells 2 × 105 by retrobulbar injection was done two hours later after irradiation. Bone marrow reconstruction after transplantation was proved by flow cytometry five weeks after transplantation.Six weeks after the bone marrow reconstruction completed,left renal pedicles of all mice were cross-clasped for 30 minutes followed by reperfusion to establish the animal model of ischemia-reperfusion injury.Mice were divided into two groups:( 1 ) Saline control group ( n =10),saline 0.2 ml/day was injected subcutaneously into chimeric mice from 3 days before to 4 days after operation ; (2) G-CSF mobilization group (n =10),chimeric mice were injected subcutanously with recombinant human G-CSF,200μg/kg/day,once a day from three days before surgery for a week.On the 1st day after mobilization,the percentage of stem cell in non-erythroid cells of peripheral blood was detected by using flow cytometry.One week after ischemia,the homing of BMSC to kidney was identified by flow cytometory.Renal tissue sections were stained with Hemotoxylin and Eosin staining method for pathological study,and the degree of renal tubular injury was analyzed by semiquantitative method of Vyacheslav.Four weeks after ischemia,the differences in degree of renal regeneration between the two groups by analysis the numbers of vascular endothelial cells in the kidney.Results After G-CSF mobilization,the percentage of stem cells with Sca-1 +,c-Kit +,CD29 and CD34 + antigen in peripheral blood in G-CSF mobilization group were higher than those in control group.One week after ischemia,mice of mobilization group showed higher percentage of Sca-1 +,c-Kit + and CD34 + bone marrow derived stem cells in tbe kidney compared to control group (P <0.05).One week after ischemia,the tubular epithelial damage score of mobilization group was lower significantly than that of the control group (P < 0.05 ) studied by Hemotoxylin and Eosin staining. Four weeks after ischemia,mice of G-CSF mobilization group showed more CD31 positive cells in the kidney compared to control group (P < 0.05 ).Conclusions G-CSF can effectively mediate the mobilization of bone marrow derived stem cells to peripheral blood and homing to kidney.G-CSF mobilization can accelerate renal regeneration and alleviate the degree of renal histopathological changes after ischemia.

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