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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of bipolar radiofrequency(BRF) ablation in restoring sinus rhythm in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation(AF) undergoing surgery for cardiac surgery.Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent cardiac operations concomitant BRF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events.Results:15 patients died in the early postoperative period, perioperative mortality rate was 5.5%. The rate of stable sinus rhythm(sSR)was 86.6%, 75.4%, 67.7%, 57.8% in 1, 2, 5, 8 years after operation. Multivariate analysis proved the size of the left atrium( HR=1.073, P<0.001) and duration of AF( HR=1.070, P=0.025) to be an independent predictor of the radiofrequency ablation outcome. Conclusion:Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure can effectively eliminate AF, maintain long-term of sinus rhythm. Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure is a safe, easy and effective surgical option for the treatment of AF, with satisfactory long-term results, is worthy of promotion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of combined ganglion plexus ablation(GPA) during radiofrequency ablation(RF) with long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation(LSP-AF).Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent valve operations concomitant RF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events. Propensity score matching conducted by RF and RF+ GPA resulted in 102 patients per group.Results:Independent predictors for rhythm success at 1 year were combined GPA( OR=0.205, P=0.005), smaller left atrium size( OR=1.091, P=0.000); at 5-year and 8-year were a shorter history of AF( OR=1.069, P=0.023; OR=1.066, P=0.030), and smaller left atrium size( OR=1.091, P=0.000; OR=1.086, P=0.000). After matching, RF+ GPA group had significantly higher sinus rhythm(SR) without antiarrhythmic drugs(AADs) at 6 months(91.3% vs. 79.8%, P=0.026), 1-year(90.2% vs. 78.5%, P=0.028), but there were no difference between the two groups at 5-year(64.8% vs. 64.4%, P=0.956), and 8-year(53.3% vs. 50.6%, P=0.711). During the 6 postoperative months, fewer patients in the RF+ GPA group underwent follow-up cardioversions(2.0% vs. 8.8%, P=0.030). Actuarial survival curves did not differ significantly between the 2 groups( HR=1.327, 95% CI 0.4633-3.802, P=0.598). Conclusion:The combination of GPA can be effective at the early postoperative stage for SR restoration in Maze Ⅳ procedures for the treatment of LSP-AF in heart valve surgeries, particularly for lower AADs use and lower cardioversions. However, this effect will gradually diminish after one year.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829204

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the recovery rule of atrial contractility (AC) function after Maze Ⅳ procedure of valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods    In our hospital from March 2016 to April 2018, 103 patients who underwent cryoablation Maze Ⅳ procedure due to mitral valve lesions associated with persistent or long-term persistent AF were enrolled. There were 42 males and 61 females, with an average age of 58.5±9.1 years. Electrocardiogram and echocardiography were followed up at discharge and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after procedure. A multivariate Cox analysis of predictive factors for AC recovery was applied. Results    All the 103 patients were followed up for 1 year. The recovery rate of AC increased gradually after operation. It was not until 3 months after procedure that most of the right atrial contractility (RAC) was accompanied by synchronous recovery of the corresponding left atrial contractility (LAC, Kappa coefficient≥0.40, P<0.05). However, the coexistence of sinus rhythm (SR) and bilateral AC was not consistent well until 1 year after operation (Kappa coefficient≥0.40, P<0.05). One year after procedure, the recovery rates of SR and bilateral AC were 86.4% (89/103) and 66.0% (68/103) respectively. By Cox multivariate regression analysis, longer preoperative AF duration (P=0.040), larger preoperative left atrial diameter (LAD, P=0.003), and AC deletion 3 months after surgery (P=0.037) were predictive factors for AF recurrence in the middle and advanced stages (>3 months) after Maze surgery. At the same time, longer preoperative AF duration and larger preoperative LAD were also negative predictors of middle and late recovery of LAC and bilateral AC (All P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the best critical value of preoperative AF time and preoperative LAD for prediction of AC recovery was 37 months (sensitivity 99.6%, specificity 76.3%) and 60.5 mm (sensitivity 98.5%, specificity 78.9%), respectively. Conclusion    The recovery of AC after Maze procedure is a dynamic improvement process. Early recovery of AC is beneficial to the stable maintenance of SR in the future. Prolonged duration of AF and enlarged LAD have adverse effects on the outcome of Maze Ⅳ procedure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824987

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze factors affecting the recovery of postoperative left ventricular function in patients with valvular disease combined with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction [HFrEF, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)<40%]. Methods    The clinical data of 98 patients with valvular disease combined with HFrEF who underwent surgeries in our hospital from January 2011 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 75 males and 23 females aged 9-78 (55.3±11.9) years. Results    A total of 15 patients were dead after the operation, including 4 deaths within 3 months and 11 mid-long-term deaths after the operation. Ninety-one patients were followed up for more than 6 months (10 months to 8.6 years). The postoperative cardiac function (NYHA) of 91 patients was classⅠ-Ⅱ, the LVEF of 18 (19.8%) patients increased more than 10%, that of 47 (51.6%) patients maintained at the preoperative level, and that of 26 (28.6%) patients decreased. Postoperative LVEF was more prone to recover in HFrEF patients with sinus rhythm before operation (P=0.038), valvular disease mainly in aortic valve (P=0.026), obvious reduction of left ventricular end diastolic diameter in early postoperative period (P=0.017), and higher systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) before operation (P=0.018). The risk factors for postoperative LVEF deterioration included large left atrium before operation (P=0.014), smaller left ventricle end systolic diameter before operation (P=0.003), and fast heart rate after operation (P=0.019). Conclusion    Mitral valve prolapse patients with obviously increased left ventricular diameter should receive operation as soon as possible. HFrEF patients with aortic valve disease should receive operation positively. The operation efficacy is satisfactory in the HFrEF patients with high SPAP.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746150

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the long term cardiopulmonary function after Fontan operation. Methods 10 patients who received Fontan operation were followed for(26 ±4) years in our hospital. 7 males and 3 females,(30. 7 ± 13. 2) years old(20 -60 years). All patients were diagnosed by echocardiography, CTA, 24 h ECG, cardiac catheterization, pulmonary angiography, radionuclide pulmonary blood perfusion and cardiopulmonary exercise test. Results Echocardiography shows: LVEF(0. 49 ± 0. 04), more than moderate atrioventricular valve regurgitation in 7 cases. CTA shows: there was no anastomotic stenosis, arteriovenous fistula in 4 cases. 24 h ECG shows: sinus rhythm in 7 cases, frequent paroxysmal atrial tachycardia in 1 case, atrial flutter in one and atrial fibrillation in one. Cardiac catheterization and pulmonary angiography show: the average pulmonary artery pressure(17. 8 ±2. 0)mmHg, average pulmonary resistance(4. 17 ±0. 56) woods. Radionuclide pulmonary blood perfusion shows: pulmonary blood of upper lung was reduced significantly with unbalanced distribution. Cardiopulmonary exercise test shows: both of lung ventilation function and heart reserve function decreased moderately or severely. Protein losing enteropathy was found in 1 case. Conclusion The decrease of cardiopulmonary function is found after Fontan operation during the long-term follow up for 20 years, especially for cardiac function. More attention should be paid to the early postoperative atrioventricular valve regurgitation. Unbalanced distribution of pulmonary blood is Found in long term. The incidence of arrhythmia after extra conduit Fontan operation is lower than other methods.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608286

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the radiofrequency ablation (RA) and vagal denervafion (VD) in surgical treatment of long-standing atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD).Methods Retrospective analysis the cardiac rhythm by 24-hour Holter monitoring during 5-year follow-up after total Maze procedure accompanied rheumatic mitral valve replacement.Between June 2006 and December 2007,a total of 173 consecutive patients with long-standing AF-associated RHD underwent mitral valve replacement and ablation maze procedure,92 cases had RA alone and 81 had RA + VD.Results Although Kaplan-Meier curve shows that the freedom from AF at 5 years follow-up time were similar(P =0.718),the percentage of antiarrhythmic drug therapy was significant higher in the RA group during early postoperative period(4th month,54.1% vs.34.7%,P=0.017;5th month,39.2% vs.21.3%,P=0.018;6th month,23.0% vs.10.7%,P =0.044),and the percentage of those free by AF was significant lower(6th month,82.2% vs.93.8%,P =0.023;1st year,76.1% vs.89.9%,P=0.019).Conclusion Total maze procedure with bipolar radiofrequency ablation is effective to treat longstanding AF associated with rheumatic valve disease.Vagal denervation helped to maintain stable sinus rhythm and lower antiarrhythmic drug therapy at the early stage,but there was no additional benefit after the 1 st year of follow-up,it may be caused from the reactivation of vagal plexus electrical activity.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662886

ABSTRACT

Objeetive We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure for atrial fi brillation associated with degenerative mitral regurgitation,by comparing with patients without atrial fibrillation.Methods From May 2013 to November 2015,217 patients underwent mitral valve repair were enrolled,including 145 without atrial fibrillation(control group) and 28 received concomitant cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure (treatment group).Propensity scores were calculated on the basis of 16 known preoperative factors and yielded the best matched patients.Safety and outcomes were compared between the two matched groups.Results 28 pairs of patients were matched successfully.No hospital deaths occurred and the major complications showed no statistical differences (P > 0.05).Cardiopulmonary bypass time and crossclamp time,proportion of amiodarone use and temporary pacemaker use,and postoperative hospital stay in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group(P <0.001).Patients were followed up from 6 months to 3 years,and no patients occurred deaths and strokes.After 6 months,there were no significant differences in the rates of sinus rhythm and drug free between the two groups (P > 0.05).In both groups,left atrial diameter and left ventricular diameter decreased,and ejection fraction increased compared with those before operation.Atrial function in the treatment group recovered 3 years after operation.At the latest follow-up,patients in both groups were all at NYHA functional class Ⅰ.Conclusion The additional cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral disease complicated by atrial fibrillation does not increase the operative risks of mitral valve repair,and had early and mid-term outcomes similar to that of patients without atrial fibrillation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660948

ABSTRACT

Objeetive We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure for atrial fi brillation associated with degenerative mitral regurgitation,by comparing with patients without atrial fibrillation.Methods From May 2013 to November 2015,217 patients underwent mitral valve repair were enrolled,including 145 without atrial fibrillation(control group) and 28 received concomitant cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure (treatment group).Propensity scores were calculated on the basis of 16 known preoperative factors and yielded the best matched patients.Safety and outcomes were compared between the two matched groups.Results 28 pairs of patients were matched successfully.No hospital deaths occurred and the major complications showed no statistical differences (P > 0.05).Cardiopulmonary bypass time and crossclamp time,proportion of amiodarone use and temporary pacemaker use,and postoperative hospital stay in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group(P <0.001).Patients were followed up from 6 months to 3 years,and no patients occurred deaths and strokes.After 6 months,there were no significant differences in the rates of sinus rhythm and drug free between the two groups (P > 0.05).In both groups,left atrial diameter and left ventricular diameter decreased,and ejection fraction increased compared with those before operation.Atrial function in the treatment group recovered 3 years after operation.At the latest follow-up,patients in both groups were all at NYHA functional class Ⅰ.Conclusion The additional cut-and-sew Cox-maze Ⅲ procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral disease complicated by atrial fibrillation does not increase the operative risks of mitral valve repair,and had early and mid-term outcomes similar to that of patients without atrial fibrillation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Incidence of degenerative mitral regurgitation show a gradual increase tendency,but there is no report on degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion in China.OBJECTIVE:To summarze the early and midterm outcomes of pure mitral valve annuloplasty in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion. METHODS :Forty-eight patients with degenerative mitrlal regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion underwent pure mitral valve annuloplasty, including 23 cases treated with Carpentier-Edwards Physio ring and 23 with SJMTM rigid saddle ring.Affter discharge,echocardiography was used to evaluate heart function and mitral regurgitation degree during the follow-up.The outcomes were compared between the two groups. RWSULTS AND CONCLUSION:There was no early death after operation and all cases were cured and discharged.All patients were followed up for 3 months to 4years,and the cardiac function and mitral valve regurgitation were significantly improved (no mitral regurgitation in 36 cases,trivial regurgitation in 10 cases and mild mitral regurgitation in 2cases).According to NYHA grading,there were 32 cases of level 1 and 16 ceses of level Ⅱ. The echocardiography showed that postoperative left atrium diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, pulmonary artery systolic pressure and the ratio of regurgitation beam area to left atrial area were significantly lower than those before operation (P < 0.01). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased greatly (P < 0.01). There was no ring rupture, ring avulsion and hemolysis. Postoperative transvalvular pressure was less than 3 mm Hg. However, there were no significant differences in the above-mentioned parameters between the Carpentier-Edwards Physio ring and SJMTM rigid saddle ring groups. The results suggest that the pure mitral valve annuloplasty is excelent in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion, through the right surgical techniques and the right choice of artificial valve ring.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491702

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:For patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation, atrial fibrilation is needed to be treated concomitant with artificial valve ring implantation. Although Cox maze III procedure is the gold standard for treatment of atrial fibrilation, its safety has been questioned. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the safety of artificial valve rings implantation and Cox Maze III procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation. METHODS: A total of 43 patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation and atrial fibrilation were enroled and were randomly divided into test group (n=21) and control group (n=22). Patients in the test group were treated with mitral valvuloplasty and Cox Maze III procedure. Patients in the control group were only treated with mitral valvuloplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Intraoperative safety indexes: the durations of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic clamping. and the incidence of hemoglobinuria in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the urine output between these two groups. (2) Postoperative safety indexes: the incidence of atrial dysrhythmia (i.e., any atrial dysrhythmia other than atrial fibrilation), proportion of patients requiring a temporary pacemaker and hospital stays in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the secondary-thoracotomy bleeding rate and incidence of stroke between these two groups. (3) Postoperative outcomes: the rates of cardioversion to achieve sinus rhythm at the day of surgery and at discharge in the test group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). At discharge, patients in both groups were al at NYHA functional class Ior II. Echocardiography showed trace to mild mitral regurgitation and complete closure of the tricuspid valve. There were no significant differences in the left atrial diameter, left ventricular diameter, left ventricular volume, and ejection fraction between these two groups. However, the proportions of mitral and tricuspid valve peak A-waves were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). These results show that artificial valve ring implantation and Cox Maze III procedure is a safe and effective method for treating degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation during operation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466367

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the long-term effect of total right heart bypass on pulmonary perfusion after extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (ETCPC).Methods Fifty-three patients (29males,24 females; average age (10.8±6.1) years) undergoing ETCPC from March 1990 to December 2005were retrospectively analyzed.Forty-three patients had full set of pulmonary perfusion data at 1 month and 5years postoperation.The perfusion ratios of each lung segment were calculated based on 99Tcm-MAA radionuclide imaging.The PVR and pulmonary artery index were calculated from angiocardiography measurements.All data were compared with paired t test.Results Compared with the early postoperative data,the perfusion ratio of superior/inferior segment(0.72±0.20 vs 0.75±0.01; t =2.54,P<0.05),the PVR ((142.98±2.61) vs (146.95±2.54) dyn · s · cm-5; t=2.08,P<0.05; 1 dyn · s · cm-5 =0.1 kPa · s · L-1) and vena cava pressure ((9.35±0.24) vs (9.95±0.23) mmHg; t=2.69,P<0.05; 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) decreased significantly in follow-up data; while the ratio of posterior basal segment perfusion increased significantly (0.12±0.00 vs 0.10±0.03; t=2.16,P<0.05).The arterial oxygen saturation ((92.70±0.30)% vs (92.86±0.29) % ; t =1.12,P>0.05),the total pulmonary nuclear counts ((701.91 ± 8.26) × 103 vs (698.93 ± 12.0) ×103 ; t=0.38,P>0.05) and the perfusion ratio of inferior vena cava to the right lung (0.61±0.06 vs 0.60±0.06 ; t =0.74,P > 0.05) were similar between the two terms of follow-up.The early angiographic and radionuclide perfusion studies did not match in 5 patients.Conclusions Hypostatic redistribution of pulmonary blood flow is the characteristics in long-term follow-up of ETCPC patients.The radionuclide imaging is superior to angiocardiography in revealing functional pulmonary blood perfusion.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448375

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the prevention and treatment experience of complications of cardiac myxoma excision.Methods Cardiac myxoma excision were performed in 215 cases under general anesthesia,cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiac arrest condition.Results Two cases died from severe low cardiac output syndrome which eventually caused multiple organ failure.The remaining 213 cases were cured and discharged.Among 213 cases,low cardiac output syndrome occurred in 35 cases,re-open chest for bleeding was performed in 8 cases,30 cases in arrhythmia (including paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 20 cases and ventricular premature in 10 cases),no vital organs embolism occurred.Follow-up was done to 200 patients for 1-8 years with a follow-up rate of 93.9% (200/213).In 200 cases,1 case died from lung cancer,1 case recurred and was cured after re-operation.The remaining patients had no obvious abnormalities.Conclusion As the particularity of surgical treatment of cardiac myxoma,it is essential to take prevention measures to reduce complications of cardiac myxoma excision in perioperative periods.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447187

ABSTRACT

Objective Atrial structure remodeling is the important pathologic basis of generate and development in chronic atrial fibrillation(AF) of valvular heart disease.To analyze the changed feature of AF in rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (MS) and mitral valve prolapse(MVP) after mitral valve surgery,along with fundamental change of hemodynamics in left atrial.Methods Firstly,divided into sinus rhythm (SR) group and AF group according to cardiac rhythm postoperative 6 months,and then divided into MS and MVP two subgroups with age matched,namely rheumatic sinus rhythm group (RS group),MVP sinus rhythm group(PS group),rheumatic AF group(RAF group) and MVP AF group(PAF group),30 patients in each group.Independent sample t test andx2 test were used in comparison among groups,and matched t test in preoperative and postoperative comparison of each group.Results There are 15 (50%) AF patients before surgery and 10 (33.3%) AF patients postoperative 1 month in RS group.But cardiac rhythm of MVP patients has no significant change.Left atrial diameter(LAD) in AF group was larger than in SR group significantly preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months(P < 0.05),and LAD have no significant difference between RAF and PAF group,P > 0.05 ; LAD in RS group preoperative and postoperative 1 month was larger than in PS group(P =0.008 and 0.018,respectively),but there is no significant difference between RS and PS groups postoperative 6 months(P =0.558).Systolic peak velocity(Smm) at valve ring with PWTDI were(6.0 ± 1.4) cm/s,(6.7 ± 1.8) cm/s and (6.2 ± 1.6) cm/s preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months,lower than normal range obviously; Smm before surgery in PAF group was(9.3 ± 3.7)cm/s,but reduced obviously after surgery 1 month and 6 months and near the level of rheumatic patients.Conclusion Generate and development mechanism of AF in MS and MVP patients exist some extent difference,the rhythm of partial MS patients with chronic AF will turn to and maintain sinus rhythm along with LAD decreased,there is no this characteristic in MVP patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty are the key steps in mitral valvuloplasty. However, there are no large-size studies addressing the safety, validity and efficacy of these treatments in China. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the efficacy and safety of artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. METHODS:Eighty-five patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation underwent mitral valve repair with artificial chordae (Gore-Tex sutures) transplantation and saddle ring (SJMTM rigid saddle-shaped) annuloplasty from January 2009 to May 2013 in General Hospital of Shenyang Area Military Command, China. Operative technique included simple artificial chordae transplantation in 41 cases, artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet in 22 cases, artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet and sliding technique in 23 cases. Al cases received saddle ring annuloplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Fol ow-up after treatment was done among 78 patients for 6 months to 4 years, with a fol ow-up rate of 91.7%(78/85). Among the 78 cases, one case died of cerebral infarction after 13 months, one died from accident, and the remaining 76 were alive. According to the evaluation of cardiac function (NYHA), 59 cases were in grade I and 17 cases were in grade II. Color ultrasound displayed that, no regurgitation was found in 67 cases, and mild regurgitation in 9 cases. The echocardiography showed that postoperative left atrium diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the ratio of regurgitation beam area and left atrial area (P<0.05 or P<0.01), mean pulmonary artery pressure (P<0.05 or P<0.01) were significantly decreased compared with that before operation. Ejection fraction was significantly increased after operation (P<0.05 or P<0.01). No systolic anterior motion occurred. The postoperative complications included sinus bradycardia in 12 cases and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 25 cases, late cardiac tamponade in 1 case at 1 week postoperatively, and pacemarker implantation in 1 case (who exhibited bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome before operation). There was no ring rupture, ring avulsion, hemolysis, left ventricular outflow tract infarction and artificial chordae rupture or splitting. No cases needed reoperation on valve replacement. Application of artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty is a safe and effective means for treating degenerative mitral regurgitation, with excellent midterm outcomes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444107

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of application of artificial chordae transplantation in mitral valve repair.Methods One hundred and five patients with mitral regurgitation due to mitral degeneration,underwent mitral valve repair with artificial chordae transplantation.Operative technique included simple Gore-Tex artificial chordae transplantation in 25 cases,artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet in 67 cases,artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet and Sliding technique in 13 cases.Results No early death occurred after operation.The postoperative complications were caused in 30 patients including sinus bradycardia in 8 cases,supraventricular tachycardia in 20 cases,late cardiac tamponade in onecase,pacemarker implantation in one case.Hospital time was 9-21 (14 ±4) d.Follow-up was done to 96 patients for 3 months to 5 years with a follow-up rate of 91.4%(96/105).Among 96 cases,one died of cerebral infarction after 13 months,one died from accident while the remaining were alive,74 cases were with cardiac function (NYHA) of grade Ⅰ and 20 cases with grade Ⅱ.No regurgitation was found in 92 cases,mild regurgitation in 2 cases.There were no artificial chordae ruptures.Conclusions The key to improve the early and midterm results of artificial chordae transplantation are to choose patients strictly,to grasp proper surgical skills,to do a good job in intraoperative shaping effect evaluation and the myocardial protection during extracorporeal circulation.

16.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 624-628, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in aged experimental rats after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) with its mechanism. Methods: A total of 32 Wistar rats at the age of (21-23) months were divided into 4 groups, n=8 in each group.①Control group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 180 min. ②I/R group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 30 min, followed by ischemia for 30 min, then reperfusion for 120min.③IPC group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 10 min, followed by ischemia and reperfusion 2 times (5 min in each time), then ischemia 30 min and reperfusion 120 min. ④ Enhanced IPC group, rats received cardiac perfusion for 10 min, followed by ischemia and reperfusion 4 times (5 min in each time), then ischemia 30 min and reperfusion 120 min. The recovery rate of cardiac output (CO), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the recovery rate of maximum rise and fall of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) at (30, 60, 90, 120) min after reperfusion were recorded respectively. The creatine kinase (CK-MB), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were examined before ischemia and 120 min after reperfusion. The apical peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγco-stimulatory factor 1α(PGC-1α) was examined by immuno-histochemistry. Results: The MDA content, CK-MB, SOD activities LVDP and (±dp/dtmax) recovery were similar between IPC group and I/R group, P>0.05. While compared with I/R group, the Enhanced IPC group showed decreased CK-MB activity and MDA content, increased SOD activity and CO, LVDP and (±dp/dtmax) recovery rate, all P0.05. While compared with I/R group, the Enhanced IPC group had increased PGC-1αexpression, P Conclusion: The cardiac IPC was weakened in aged rats which might be because of decreased PGC-1αexpression, the enhanced IPC may up-regulate PGC-1αexpression and therefore, protect the cardiac tissue in aged experimental rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It is so difficult to have aortic valve replacement with smal aortic annulus. Improper treatment may lead to patients with valvular mismatch phenomenon, and thus make left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, increase transvalvular pressures, cause cardiac hypertrophy secondary to increased left ventricular afterload and even congestive heart failure. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the treatment strategy for preventing valvular mismatch phenomenon caused by smal aortic annulus after aortic valve replacement. METHODS:Eighty-five patients with smal aortic annulus underwent aortic valve replacement surgery. 19 mm SJM Regent valve was applied to the patients with orifice diameter>17 ≤ 19 mm;to the adult patients with orifice diameter ≤ 17 mm, we performed bovine pericardial patch enlargement of the smal aortic annulus and valve replacement using 19 mm SJM Regent valve. For those with orifice diameter>19 ≤ 21 mm, we selected 21 mm Hancock II ultra biological valve for valve replacement. Effective orifice area index, left ventricular mass index, inter-ventricular septal thickness, left ventricular wal thickness, trans-valvular peak velocity, the pressure difference across the valve and trans-valvular mean pressure were measured through echocardiography. After discharge, patients were fol owed up in out-patient clinic and evaluated regularly by echocardiography. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There were no early deaths after operation and al cases were cured and discharged. Fol ow-up time was between 6 months and 3 years. The main complications included low cardiac output syndrome in two cases, reoperation due to bleeding in one case, and ventilator dependence in two cases. No cases occurred in cerebral complications such as cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral thrombosis, and no valvular dysfunction or card flap appeared. There was no bovine pericardium tearing, thrombosis, calcification, tumor-like bulge, infection or immune reactions. A total of 81 cases were fol owed up and the fol ow-up rate was 95%(81/85). There were NYHA class grade I in 65 cases, and grade II in 16 cases. Peak velocity across the aortic valve and the mean pressure were significantly decreased, effective orifice area index increased significantly, left ventricular mass index, left ventricular wal thickness and the thickness of the inter-ventricular septum were significantly reduced compared with pre-operation, and no valvular mismatch phenomenon occurred. Compared 21 mm Hancock II ultra biological valve with 21 mm SJM Regent group, the former got a better peak velocity and mean trans-valvular pressure, and better left ventricular remodeling index. Body weight and body surface area were significantly increased in 19 mm Regent valve group after operation. The results suggest that individualized treatment strategies should be taken to prevent the occurrence of postoperative valvular mismatch phenomenon for patients with smal aortic annulus.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428379

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the pulmonary arterial development over five years in patients underwent extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (ETCPC).Methods43 survived patients,who had undergone ETCPC were examined with pulmonary perfusion at one month and five year following the operation.Central venous pressure (CVP) and arterial oxygenation saturation (SatO2 % ) were measured by right cardiac catheter,pulmonary arterial index (PAI) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were calculated.Pulmonary blood distribution were measured and calculated by 99m Tc-MAA perfusion imaging.ResultsThe PAI and PVR of the follow-up group reduced significantly ( t =2.41,P < 0.05 ; t =2.08,P < 0.05 ),CVP also reduced significantly ( t =2.69,P < 0.05 ),but SatO2 % did not changed significantly.Total radionuclide counts and the ratio of rightorleft pulmonary perfusion did not change significantly.( t =0.38,P > 0.05 ;t =1.12,P > 0.05 ),but the ratio of the superior and inferior lobe decreased significantly( t =2.54,P < 0.05 ).ConclusionThe weak pulsation and low dynamic of Fontan circulation also can promote pulmonary vascular development.However,the improvement of hemodynamic in pulmonary circulation at mid-term follow will not lead to an increased amount of pulmonary perfusion or oxygen supply,which is probably due to the massive opening of the arteriovenous shunt and increased futile circulation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421039

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the results of the Fontan procedure in patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies.Methods From April 2002 through December 2010,25 patients (male 10,female 15) had undergone the Fontan procedure for heterotaxy syndrome or atrial isomerism and complex congenital heart disease 28 times.Median age at operation was (9.1 ± 5.5) years (2 to 18 years).Heterotaxy syndrome were associated with right atrial isomerism (n =18) or left atrial isomerism (n =7),asplenia (n =13) or polysplenia (n =7),double inlet of left ventricle (n =15),double inlet and outlet of left ventricle (n =5),double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary atresia (n =2) and with pulmonary stenosis (n =1),tricuspid or mitral atresia (n =2).A bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt was performed in 8 patients (bilateral in 3 patients).A cavopulmonary shunt placement,so-called Kawashima operation,was performed in 4 patients.An extracardiac conduit Fontan connection was pefformed in 15 patients and intracardiac lateral tunnel Fontan connection in one patient.Results 2 patients died in hospital caused by ventricular failure.Five patients developed early postoperative atrial arrhythmias and 2 patients had sinus node dysfunction.Mean arterial oxygen saturation at discharge was 0.86 ± 0.07 (range,0.78 to 1.00).Follow-up (range,0.5 to 7 years) was available on 15 patients.Mean arterial oxygen saturation was 0.82 ±0.08 (range,0.68 to 0.97).Ventricular function was normal in 13 patients (EF range,0.50 to 0.66) and depressed in 2 patients.Four patients had a junctional rhythm.Conclusion The Fontan procedure was still the main procedure for patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies,which can reach satisfactory early and medium-term results.The choice of Fontan procedure,extracardiac conduit Fontan connection,aggressive treatment of concomitant malformations were essential to improve the outcomes.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598078

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of nitric oxide (NO),guanosine monophosphate(cGMP) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression of diabetic rat heart after ischemic preconditioning (IPC),and to explore the possible mechanism of diabetes mellitus inhibiting myocardial protection of IPC.Methods Thirty diabetic SD rats and thirty non-diabetic SD rats were divided into 3 groups (n =10) randomly.Control group (Sham group,n =10),After surgery,no procedures were made; After 155 min,the experiment was ended.Ischemic preconditioning group ( IPC group,n =10),the rats were subjected three cycles of five minutes of ischemia followed by five minutes of reperfusion and then subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia followed by 90 minutes of reperfusion.Ischemia/reperfusion group( I/R group,n =10),after surgery,the rats were balanced for 35 minutes and then subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia followed by 90 minutes of reperfusion.At the end of the experiment,the hearts of each group were excided quickly,frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at 80 ℃ until membrane and cytoplasm preparation.The changes of activities of the serum creatine kinase (CK),creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were detected.The activity of malonyldialdehyde (MDA),superoxide dismutase (SOD) in myocardium were dectected were assessed.In addition,the changes of content of myocardial cGMP and NO were assessed.Ultrathin sections 70 nm thick was made and transmission electron microscopy was used to detect the structure of the mitochondria with the Flameng scoring system.Results Myocardial enzyme leakage and mitochondria injury were significantly reduced compared IPC group and I/R group in non-diabetic rats,and cGMP,NO and NOS were also significantly increased (P <0.05 ).There did not show significant myocardial protective effect in diabetic rats,cGMP.NO and NOS showed also no significant increase in diabetic rats ( P > 0.05 ).Conclusion Diabetes inhibited the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning on ischemic reperfused rat heart,which may be related with inhibiting of the expression of the NO-cGMP signaling pathway.

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