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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 292-300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy of conformal sphincter preservation operation (CSPO) versus intersphincteric resection (ISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 183 patients with low rectal cancer who were admitted to two medical centers (117 in the Changhai Hospital of Naval Medical University and 66 in the Huashan Hospital of Fudan University) from August 2011 to April 2020 were collected. There were 110 males and 73 females, aged (57±11)years. Of 183 patients, 117 cases undergoing CSPO were allocated into CSPO group, and 66 cases undergoing ISR were allocated into ISR group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups; (2) postoperative complications of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups; (3) follow-up; (4) influencing factors for prognosis of patients with low rectal cancer; (5) influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, questionnaire and telephone interview to determine local recurrence, distal metastasis, survival, stomal closure, satisfaction with the anal function of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and life table method was used to calculate survival rates. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was performed using the linear regression. Variables with P<0.10 in the univariate linear regression analysis were included for multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed using the COX stepwise regression model and linear regression analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups: cases with laparoscopic surgery, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, distance from tumor to distal margin, cases with postoperative chemotherapy, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 44, (165±54)minutes, (142±101)mL, (0.6±0.4)cm, 76, (6.6±2.5)days for the CSPO group, respectively, versus 55, (268±101)minutes, (91±85)mL, (1.9±0.6)cm, 9, (7.9±4.7)days for the ISR group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=35.531, t=8.995, -3.437, -3.088, χ2=44.681, t=2.267, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative complications of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups: 19 patients in the CSPO group had complications. There were 6 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 12 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 1 case with grade Ⅲb complication. Fourteen patients in the ISR group had complications. There were 4 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 7 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 1 case with grade Ⅲa complication, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications. There was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between the two groups ( χ2=0.706, P>0.05). Patients with complications in the two groups were improved after symptomatic and supportive treatment. There was no perioperative death in the postoperative 30 days of the two groups. (3) Follow-up: 183 patients received follow-up. Patients of the CSPO group and ISR group were followed up for (41±27)months and (37±19)months, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=-1.104, P>0.05). There were 2 cases with local recurrence and 9 cases with distal metastasis of the CSPO group, respectively, versus 3 cases and 4 cases of the ISR group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.277, 0.170, P>0.05). The 3-year disease-free survival rate and 3-year total survival rate were 84.0% and 99.0% for the CSPO group, versus 88.6% and 92.8% for the ISR group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.218, 0.002, P>0.05). The stomal closure rate was 92.16%(94/102) and 96.97%(64/66) for 102 patients of CSPO group and 66 patients of ISR group up to postoperative 12 months,respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.658, P>0.05). Of the 8 cases without stomal closure in the CSPO group, 2 cases refused due to advanced age, 4 cases subjectively refused, and 2 cases were irreducible due to scar caused by radiotherapy. Two cases in the ISR group had no stomal closure including 1 case of postoperative liver metastasis and 1 case of subjective refusal. There were 92 and 61 patients followed up to 12 months after stomal closure, of which 75 cases and 38 cases completed questionnaires of satisfaction with the anal function. The satisfaction score with the anal function was 6.8±2.8 and 5.4±3.0 for CSPO group and ISR group, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( t=-2.542, P<0.05). Fifty-four cases in the CSPO group and 21 cases in the ISR group had satisfaction score with the anal function >5, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=3.165, P>0.05). (4) Influencing factors for prognosis of patients with low rectal cancer: results of COX stepwise regression analysis showed that gender and pT staging were independent influencing factors for disease-free survival rate of patients with low rectal cancer ( hazard ratio=2.883, 1.963, 95% confidence interval as 1.090 to 7.622, 1.129 to 3.413, P<0.05). Gender and pT staging were independent influencing factors for total survival rate of patients with low rectal cancer ( hazard ratio=10.963,3.187, 95% confidence interval as 1.292 to 93.063, 1.240 to 8.188, P<0.05). (5) Influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer: results of univariate analysis showed that surgical method and tumor differentiation degree were related factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer (partial regression coefficient=1.464, -1.580, 95% confidence interval as 0.323 to 2.605, -2.950 to -0.209, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that surgical method, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative radiotherapy were independent influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer (partial regression coefficient=1.637, -1.456, -1.668, 95% confidence interval as 0.485 to 2.788, -2.796 to -0.116, -2.888 to -0.447, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with ISR, CSPO can safely preserve the anus in the treatment of low rectal cancer, without increasing the incidence of postoperative complications, which can also guarantee the oncological safety and improve the postoperative anal function.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 315-318, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493269

ABSTRACT

Objective o explore intraperitoneal human fluorine safe release chemotherapy after radical surgery on the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.Methods One hundred gastric cancer patients who were treated in Jinshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from June 2011 to September 2012 were selected and divided into observation groups (gastrectomy + Human fluorine An chemotherapy) and control group (simple gastrectomy) according to a random number table method.Biochemical index before treatment and 7 d after treatment,complication occurrence and survival rate of two groups were compared.Results There were no statistically significant differences in terms of WBC,PLT,IBIL,Cr and other biochemical markers before and after treatment between the two groups (P>0.05).There were statistically significant differences in terms of chemical peritonitis,intestinal obstruction,fistula,intestinal perforation and other complications between two groups (P>0.05).The 6 months,1 year,2-year survival rates of control group were 87.50%,80.00%,62.50%,of observation group were 96.67%,90.00%,78.33%,the differences were significant (x2 =6.108,8.796,4.579;P=0.014,0.003,0.032).The 6 months,1 year,2-year free survival rates of control group were 75.00%,55.00%,35.00%,of observation group were 93.33%,86.67%,70.00%,the differences were significant (x2 =3.902,6.635,5.203;P =0.045,0.010,0.021).Conclusion Intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy sustained radical surgery in patients with no adverse effects on the stomach,can effectively improve the postoperative survival rates,worthy of promotion.

3.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 492-494, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454289

ABSTRACT

Nucleobindin2protein(NUCB2)isanewlydiscoveredneuropeptideprecursorprotein, which has a comprehensive cytology function and is expressed in the hypothalamus nucleus and many peripheral tissues.There aren′t many studies about its signaling pathway,where neuroendocrine regulation,cell survival growth,tumor suppressor,cytokine secretion were found to involve in it.Besides,it has also been confirmed that breast cancer,lung cancer,ovarian cancer and prostate cancer are closely related to NUCB2.Therefore, several downstream pathways of NUCB2 may be related to the formation and progression of tumor.Further stud-ies are still needed to clarify the signal pathways of NUCB2 to provide a reliable basis for clinical cancer preven-tion.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 120-123, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429567

ABSTRACT

After receiving radical resection of primary rectal cancer,about 4% to 30% patients would occur local recurrence.Diagnosis of local recurrence relies on postoperative follow-up,physical examination,tumor markers and imageological examination.For the local recurrent patients,conservative therapeutic regimen had been popular in the past days with poor prognosis and quality of life.Nowadays multimodality treatment with radical resurgery combined with chemoradiotherapy and IORT has been taking the main part in the management of local recurrence.The choice of surgery depends on the site of recurrence and invasion situation inside the pelvic cavity.The aim of the radical reoperation is R0 resection because it leads to an optimistic prognosis.Previously irradiated patients are relatively safe after receiving median-dose reirradiation.For the cases whose recurrence are unavailable for radical resection,palliative operation and chemoradiotherapy may be the wise choice to relieve their symptoms and improve the quality of life.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 460-462,465, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598133

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesTo discuss the safety of surgical treatment and the feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for the elderly patients with gastric cancer. MethodsThe clinical and pathological materials of 104 elderly patients(65 years old or above) undergone surgical treatments retrospectively were analyzed,in order to analysis the postoperative complication incidence and the short-term outcomes in different age groups and different surgical pattern groups.ResultsThere were more preoperative comorbidities in ≥75 years old group than in <75 years old group(especially hypertension and diabetes),however,the incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different.There was no difference of preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications, surgical time or the amouts of blood loss during surgery between the laparoscopic and the traditional surgical groups,while the laparoscopic groups had short period of postoperative hospitalizing and earlier orally intake of fluid diet. There was also no difference of pathological results.ConclusionThe elderly patients with gastric cancer should have surgical treatments if the conditions are permitted, and the areas of dissection should be standard as far as possible. The old patient undergone laparoscopic surgery may have a shorter hospitalized period after operation, because their recovery of bowel function is more quickly.

6.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 693-696, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419270

ABSTRACT

The PIK3CA gene codes p100α,the catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and is involved in the initiating the PI3K/AKT pathway.PIK3CA plays its biological roles through.downstream PI3K pathway. PIK3CA gene mutants can be detected in many kinds of tumors. The mutant PIK3CA gene can abnormally activate PI3K pathway,leading to the abnormal cell cycle,decreased cell adhesion,down regulated apoptosis and neovascularization,and then promotes tumor genesis and development.Recent researches have found that mutant PIK3CA gene is closely correlated with the genesis,development,differentiation,metastasis and drug resistance of colorectal cancer.Research of PIK3CA in colorectal cancer may provide significant evidence for the early diagnosis,gene screen,therapeutic regimen making,recurrence and follow up.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 338-342, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415356

ABSTRACT

There is persuasive clinical and experimental evidence that macrophages promote cancer initiation and malignant progression. The aggregation of macrophages indicates poor prognosis of tumor associated diseases. During tumor initiation, macrophages create an inflammatory environment that is mutagenic to cells and promotes cell growth; as tumors progressing, macrophages create premetastatic niche for the arriving tumor cells at premetastatic sites ; then macrophages provide critical nutrients for these initial metastatic tumor cells.Along with these great achievements in research of macrophage, it is believed that several novel directions of tumor therapy surely occur in the future.

8.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 92-99, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404306

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term outcomes and oncological safety of laparoscopy resection for colorectal cancer. Methods Between January 2004 and March 2009, 35 patients with colorectal cancer underwent laparoscopic-assisted surgery in our hospital, among which 32 underwent radical resection, 1 underwent laparoscopic exploration, and 2 were converted to open surgery. These patients were allocated in the laparoscopic group. Same numbers of patients who underwent conventional open surgery during the same period of time were identified and allocated in the open group. Short-term data, including surgical time, intra-operative blood loss, intra-operative blood transfusion, length of incision, histopathological data, post-operative complications and post-operative functions, were collected and compared between the two groups. Results A total of 67 patients were enrolled (32 in both laparoscopy and open groups). The other 3 cases were analyzed separately (1 underwent laparoscopic exploration and 2 converted to open surgery). The two groups were well balanced as to age, gender, and TNM staging and location of tumour. Histopathologically, the laparoscopic approach was equal to conventional approach as regard to resection margin (distal margin, 5 cm vs 5 cm, P=0.664) and lymph node yield (7 vs 8, P=0.228). This study also showed a longer surgical time (250 min vs 180 min, P=0.006), but shorter length of incision (10 cm vs 20 cm, P<0.001), less demand of intra-operative blood transfusion (1 case vs 10 cases, P=0.003), reduced use of analgesics (12 cases vs 25 cases, P=0.004), shorter post-operative stay (9.5 days vs 11 days, P=0.008) and earlier recovery of bowel function of the laparoscopic group. There was no statistical difference of intra-operative blood loss (200 mL vs 200 mL, P=0.098), incidence of post-operative complications (8 cases vs 6 cases, P=0.545) and volume of post-operative negative drainage (507.5 mL vs 669.0 mL, P=0.475) between the two groups. Conclusions Though limited by a relatively small sample size, our study showed that laparoscopy approach for colorectal cancer is equal to open approach in terms of oncological safety and short-term outcome.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 442-445, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388874

ABSTRACT

Objective Brain metastasis(BM) is unusual in colorectal carcinoma(CRC) patients.This study was to evaluate the characteristics and prognosis of brain metastasis of colorectal carcinoma patients.Methods Twenty-eight consecutive CRC patients underwent surgical resection for BM between January 2001 and December 2008.The clinical data were analyzed by univariate (logrank) and Cox regression test.Results The median age at BM diagnosis from CRC was 57 years(41-75 years).Median survival after neurosurgical intervention was 9.4 months.The 1-year and 5-year survival rates were 28.9%and 7.1%,respectively.Seventeen patients(61%)had concurrent systemic metastasis.All patients were symptomatic with neurologic deficits and symptoms.On multivariate analysis,gender,infratentorial location of lesions and characteristics of primary CRC had no significant impact on survival.Two factors were signitlcandy associated with better survival:single brain metastases and absence of extracranial metastases.Perioperative mortality was zero.There were no difference of survival among patients undergoing resection alone and resection combined with whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or stereotactic radiosurgery(SRS). Conclusions Brain metastases from colorectal cancer is an evil omen of poor prognosis of CRC patients.Sursical resection of symptomatic brain metastases from colorectal cancer is relatively safe and provides the opportunity for prolonged survival.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 484-488, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393858

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the malignant tumors that endangers human health. Nowadays the surgery is the primary therapy for colorectal cancer. Laparescopic surgery has developped for more than ten years. It consolidates its position in the field of colorectal surgery gradually. We now make a comparison of laparoscopic surgery and open surgery about the safety, the pathophysiological influence and the effective-ness, etc, in order to discuss the value of the laparoscopic surgery in the therapy of colorectal cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 265-268, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395542

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic factors of gastrointestinal stromal tumors.Methods From Nov.1999 to Dec.2006,a total of 85 patients were diagnosed by postoperative pathology as gastrointestinal stromal tumors.The relationship between the prognosis of GIST and demographic factors、tumor location、operation style、preoperative metastasis、lymphadenectomy、grading of Fletcher were analyzed retrospectively.Results The 1 year、3 year and 5 year survival rate of these 85 patients were 94%,60%,57%respectively,Univariate analysis indicated that tumor location、operation style、grading of Fletcher and preoperative metastasis were significant predictors of survival(P<0.05),while demographics and lymphadenectomy were not statistically related with prognosis.Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative metastasis was the independent factor predicting the prognosis(P=0.020,β=4.226).Conclusion Radical surgical excision is still the therapy of choice for primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors.Preoperative metastasis is the independent factor predicting poor prognosis,therefore early diagnosis and treatment are very important for GIST.Fletcher grading is also a simple recalls to predict the prognosis of GIST.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 177-180, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401999

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare tumors of alimentary tract and originated from the interstitial Cajal cells,with acquired mutation of KIT(CD117).Surgery is the main therapy for resectable tumors,while imatinib,a small-molecule inhibitor of receptor of tyrosine kinase,plays an important role in treating metastatic and recurrent tumors.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 471-474, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399878

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is great advancement in sphere of biology,it is characteristic death form at physiological state.Rencent researchs discover that apoptosis take important role in transplantation immunity.That graft is rejected is the major obstruction in transplantation.Allogeneic transplantation rejection is because of immune response that is mediated by T lymphocyte and aimed directly at allogenic antigen.Apoptosis of activated T lymphocyte through some pathways can induce immune tolerance.Some immune suppressant produce effect just by cell apoptosis.This review mainly presents recent advance in transplantation tolerance induced by apoptosis of T lymphocyte.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 774-777, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397687

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST) ,a kind of rare tumor,takes 1%~3% of all tumors in digestive tract,but are the most common in mesenehymal neoplasm.At present,the primal treatment of GIST is surgical operation,standard and rationality of surgery is the significant fatter that affects its curative effect.While imatinib is the main therapeutic tool for GIST that can' t benn resected or recurrence after operation.There is no definite circumscription between optimum and malignancy,there are many factors that influence the prognosis of GIST.We commonly apply Fletcher grading to evaluate the risk of GIST.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 152-153, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410222

ABSTRACT

Objective to investigate therapeutic methods and effect of X-knife for on intracranial diseases. Method Recent effect of 44pqtients with cranial diseases by X-knife was observed. Radiological follow-up was performed on 40 cases with mean 5.65 months of followup time. Result 92.5% of tumors were controlled locally, stability and recovery rate was 90.0%. The local control of metastatic tumors of brain was higher, but most patients with metastatic tumors died of primary lesion. New metastatic lesions appeared in patients without panencephalic radiotherapy in 1~5months. Tumors of pineal region were sensitive to X-knife. Conclusion X-knife has a definite effect on intracranial diseases. For patients with tumors of pineal region complicated by serious hydrocephalus, shunting should be conducted before X-knife treatment. For patients with mild or morderate hydrocephalus, X-knife chould be utilized only under correct interventions such as dehydration. The local control rate of intracranial metastatic tumors was high, but survival time postoperation depended on panencephalic radiotherapy or control of primafry lision. For tumors with diameter> 3cm, pituitary tumors, brains stem tumors and tumors in cerebellopontine angle region repeated X-knife were suggested, which could improve cure rate and decrease complications.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1249-1254, 2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412170

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of donor bone marrow derived dentritic cell (DC) treated with B7 - 1, B7 - 2 antisense oligonucleotide on mouse heart allografe survival time and its mechanism. METHODS: There were 7 groups of C57BL/10J (B10) mouse bone marrow DCs which were treated by 400 nM antisense oligonucleotide target to B7 -1, B7 -2 mRNA (AS B7- 1/2), B7- 1 mismatch oligo control ,B7- 2 mismatch control(mASB7- 1/2), lipofeetamine only and non-treatment, respectively. Each group of DC were named as ASB7- 1 DC, ASB7- 2 DC, mASB7 - 1 DC, mAS B7 - 2DC, and Lipo DC, respectively. RESULTS: Flow cytometer results shown that AS B7- 1/2 can inhibit B7- 1 (CD80)and B7- 2 (CD86) molecule express on DC surface, while control groups have no effects. To observe their tolerogenicity in mouse cardiac allograft model, B10→C3H heterotopic heart transplantation were performed. Recepients were received 2 x 106 of DC injection 7 days before transplantation. Results showed that both AS B7 - 1 DC and AS B7 - 2 DC can prolong mouse cardiac allograft survival time to (18.6 + 0.89) days and (23.67 + 10.73) days, respectively, compared with IL - 4 DC [ (6.22 + 0.97) days ( P < 0.01 ) ]. Two mismatch control groups can slightly prolong while oligo DC has no effect. For understanding its mechanism, each group of DC was used as stimulator to stimulated C3H spleen T cell. Results suggested that AS B7 - 1DC and AS B7 - 2 DC had less allo - stimulate function, including MLR and generation CTL and IL - 2 production than IL - 4 DC but control groups have no effect. CONCLUSION: Donor bone marrow derived DC treated with AS B7 - 1 oligo and AS B7 - 2 oligo expressed lower level of CD80 and CD86, respectively. These cells can induce allogeneic T cells anergy in vitro and markedly prolong mouse heart allograft survival time in vivo.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517296

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of donor bone marrow derived dentritic cell (DC) treated with B7-1, B7-2 antisense oligonucleotide on mouse heart allografe survival time and its mechanism. METHODS: There were 7 groups of C57BL/10J (B10) mouse bone marrow DCs which were treated by 400 nM antisense oligonucleotide target to B7-1, B7-2 mRNA (AS B7-1/2), B7-1 mismatch oligo control ,B7-2 mismatch control(mASB7-1/2), lipofectamine only and non-treatment, respectively. Each group of DC were named as ASB7-1 DC, ASB7-2 DC, mASB7-1DC, mAS B7-2DC, and Lipo DC, respectively.RESULTS: Flow cytometer results shown that AS B7-1/2 can inhibit B7-1(CD80)and B7-2 (CD86) molecule express on DC surface, while control groups have no effects. To observe their tolerogenicity in mouse cardiac allograft model, B10→C3H heterotopic heart transplantation were performed. Recepients were received 2?106 of DC injection 7 days before transplantation. Results showed that both AS B7-1DC and AS B7-2 DC can prolong mouse cardiac allograft survival time to (18.6?0.89) days and (23.67?10.73) days, respectively, compared with IL-4 DC [(6.22 ?0.97) days(P

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