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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301026

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the mechanism of the Chinese medicine theory that Fei (Lung) and Dachang (Large Intestine) are exteriorly and interiorly related via synchronous observation on the dynamic changes of the respiratory and intestinal microflora.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty specific pathogen free Sprague-Dawley rats were selected and randomly divided into blank (10 rats) and chronic bronchitis model groups (30 rats). The blank group rats were put into the smoke-free environment and the model group rats were put into the smoke environment in order to establish pulmonary disease (chronic bronchitis) model. Then the corresponding changes of the respiratory and intestinal microflflora of the model on 20th, 50th and 70th days were synchronously observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The respiratory tract microflflora showed an increase in the total aerobic and Staphylococcus aureus and reduced anaerobic amount signifificantly on 20th day in the respiratory tract microflflora (P<0.05 or 0.01). On 50th day, total aerobic, total anaerobic amount and bififidobacterium signifificantly increased (P<0.05). On 70th day, Staphylococcus aureus reduced and lactobacillus increased signifificantly (P<0.01). The intestinal microflflora showed an increase in the total aerobic, Clostridium perfringens, enterobacter and enterococcus significantly increased on 20th day (P<0.05 or 0.01). Staphylococcus aureus on 50th day increased significantly (P<0.05). Total aerobic and enterococcus increased, total anaerobic and Clostridium perfringens reduced signifificantly on 70th day (P<0.05 or 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The microecosystem of respiratory tract and intestine of rat model during the pathological process showed a dynamic disorder, indicating an interaction between the lung and large intestine which may be one of the connotations as they exteriorly and interiorly related.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchitis, Chronic , Microbiology , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Intestines , Microbiology , Lung , Microbiology , Male , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Time Factors
2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1510-1516, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667592

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of the active ingredients of toad venom (bufalin and cinobufagin) combined with sorafenib on the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells,and to explore the possible mechanism.Methods The rates of inhibition after treated with drugs 12,24,48 h were detected by MTT assay.The changes of cell morphology were detected by Hoechst 33342 fluorescent staining.The changes of cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry.The expressions of proteins such as Akt,p-Akt (Ser473),IκB,NF-κB,p-NF-κB p65,Bcl-2,Bax,cyclin A,PCNA were detected by Western blot.Results Bufalin,cinobufagin and sorafenib could inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 cells,presenting a dose-and time-dependent manner.Meanwhile,it could significantly increase the inhibitory rate of cells compared with those of single treatment,and they performed a synergistic activity in sorafenib combined with cinobufagin or bufalin by Jin Formula after 24 h treatment (P < 0.01).The results of fluorescence staining showed the observation of the morphological features of nuclear condensation.Sorafenib induced the cell cycle G0/G1 phase arrest (P <0.01),and bufalin,cinobufagin and the combination treatment generated the cell cycle S phase arrest (P <0.01).The results of Western blot showed that the expressions of Akt,NF-κB were not obviously changed between control and all other treatment.The expression levels of p-Akt (Ser473),p-NF-κB p65,Bcl-2,PC-NA and cyclin A in combination treatment significantly decreased,and the expression levels of IκB and Bax significantly increased compared to those in single treatment (P < 0.01).Conclusion The active ingredients of toad venom (bufalin and cinobufagin) combined with sorafenib performs a synergetic effect on the anti-cancer of HepG2 cells by down-regulating Akt/ NF-κB signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231623

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe changes of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8), calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in each tissue of the digestive system of allergic asthma (AA) model rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The pulmonary disease (AA) rat model was duplicated by 1% ovalbumin. Its effect on the pathological morphology of the six main parts of the digestive system (stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon and rectum) and related regulating factors such as CCK8, CGRP, SP, and VIP were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pathological morphology of the lung was synchronously changed as that of the colon of model rats. But there was no obvious change in the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, or rectum. Significant changes occurred in CCK8 (79 961.4 +/- 12 577.9, 48 519.5 +/- 12 240.7), CGRP (41 950.1 +/- 12 600.1, 38 059.8 +/- 11 942.4), and SP (88 243.9 +/- 32 177.2, 47 417.8 +/- 16 462.4), and VIP (20 711.4 +/- 7 334.6, 43 208.1 +/- 13 433.8) of the lung tissue and the colon tissue of model rats (P < 0. 05, P < 0.01). But there was no significant change in the aforesaid substances of the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and rectum (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pulmonary disease might affect the colon, inducing pathological changes of the colon tissue and changes of related regulating factors such as CCK8, CGRP, SP, and VIP. It showed no significant effect on the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and rectum.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Metabolism , Colon , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Sincalide , Metabolism , Substance P , Metabolism , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide , Metabolism
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