Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 273
Filter
1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 390-396, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013633

ABSTRACT

Aim To express and purify recombinant hCGH-CTP fusion protein in high-density suspension culture of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-S), and to verify the lipid accumulation effect of rhCGH-CTP on 3T3-L1 mature adipocytes. Methods The recombinant protein expression vector (pcDNA3. 1-rhCGH-CTP) was constructed, achieved by fusing the human glycoprotein hormone beta 5/alpha 2 cDNA with CTP Linker. The expression plasmid was transiently transfected into the suspended CHO-S to express rhCGH-CTP protein and then purified, and the protein biological activity was verified. Intervention with 3T3-L1 mature adipocyte cells for 24 h was performed to detect the changes of intracellular triglyceride (TG) level. Results Western blot results showed that rhCGH-CTP protein was successfully expressed in CHO-S cells, and the yield was up to 715. 4 mg • L~ . The secreted protein was purified by AKTA pure system with higher purity that was up to 90% as identified by SDS-PAGE. In addition, the intracellular cAMP content of mature adipocytes with high expression of TSHR gene significantly increased after intervention with different concentrations of rhCGH-CTP protein by ELISA kit, indicating that rhCGH-CTP protein had biological activity. Oil red 0 staining showed that compared with the control group, the lipid content of mature adipocytes in the intervention groups with different concentrations of rhCGH-CTP protein significantly decreased (P < 0. 05) . Conclusions The rhCGH-CTP protein has been successfully expressed and purified with biological activity, and effectively reduce TG. This research provides an important theoretical basis for further revealing the physiological role of CGH protein and its potential application in clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 244-250, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970782

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of p16/Ki-67 double-stained immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma(opscc) and find out the optimal index to improve the accuracy of HPV detection. Methods: A total of 153 cases, from May 2014 to May 2020, diagnosed OPSCC in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, were selected. This cohort included 130 males and 23 females, aged (58.6±10.0) years old. HPV RNA in situ hybridization was chosen as the gold standard to detect their HPV status. p16 immunohistochemistry and p16/Ki-67 double-stained immunohistochemistry were performed on all cases, and the p16/Ki-67 double positive index including 20%, 40%, and 60% were used as the thresholds to compare their sensitivity, specificity, and positive prediction value (PPV), negative prediction value (NPV) and prognosis prediction ability. Results: Among the 153 patients with OPSCC, 114 were HPV-negative and 39 were HPV-positive, and the HPV infection rate of OPSCC patients was 25.5% (39/153). Only 58.1% (36/62) of single p16 positive cases were HPV-positive, and the prognosis of patients could not be distinguished using p16 immunohistochemistry only. Using p16/Ki-67 double staining, the accuracy of HPV positive diagnosis has been improved. The HPV diagnostic ability was the highest when the p16/Ki-67 double positive index was 40% (sensitivity=86.8%, specificity=94.8%, PPV=84.6%, NPV=95.6%, area under the curve=0.897), which could distinguish the prognosis of patients (P=0.012). Conclusions: The p16/Ki-67 double-stained immunohistochemistry can improve the accuracy of HPV positive diagnosis rate and diagnosis of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer is the most accurate when the double-positive index is 40% as the threshold to judge HPV status and could serve as better surrogate marker for HPV detection.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 82-87, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970043

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Preliminary studies have indicated that Shexiang Baoxin Pill (MUSKARDIA) has a coronary artery dilation effect and increases the coronary blood flow, relieving the symptoms of angina. This study aimed to evaluate the benefit of MUSKARDIA on patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM).@*METHODS@#This was a subgroup analysis of a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled phase IV trial. CAD patients with a medical history of DM or baseline fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥7.0 mmol/L were grouped according to the treatment (standard therapy plus MUSKARDIA or placebo). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), which was the composite outcome of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and non-fatal stroke. The secondary outcome was the composite outcome of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure, and coronary angioplasty.@*RESULTS@#MACEs occurred in 2.6% (9/340) and 4.8% (18/376) of patients in the MUSKARDIA and placebo groups, respectively ( P  = 0.192). Secondary composite outcome was significantly less frequent with MUSKARDIA than with placebo (15.3% [52/340] vs . 22.6% [85/376], P  = 0.017). Risk of MACEs (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.31-1.57) was comparable between two groups. In patients with uncontrolled DM (≥4 measurements of FBG ≥7 mmol/L in five times of follow-up), the risk of secondary outcome was significantly lower with MUSKARDIA (5/83, 6.0%) than with placebo (15/91, 16.5%) (HR = 0.35, 95%CI: 0.13-0.95).@*CONCLUSION@#As an add-on to standard therapy, MUSKARDIA shows a trend of reduced MACEs in patients with stable CAD and DM. Furthermore, MUSKARDIA may reduce the frequency of all-cause death, hospitalization, and coronary angioplasty in this population, especially in those with uncontrolled DM.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR-TRC-12003513.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Stroke/epidemiology
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 782-785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy of dorsal plate assisted fixation of dorsal lunate fossa fracture block of distal radius.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2022, 30 patients were treated with dorsal plate assisted fixation of dorsal lunate fossa fracture of distal radius, including 13 males and 17 females, aged from 42 to 68 years old with an average of (48.7±5.6) years old;According to Doi fracture classification, 24 patients were type 3 blocks and 6 patients were type 4 blocks. The degree of palmar angle of anterior and posterior distal radius was fixed by dorsal steel plate during operation. Fracture healing and functional recovery of wrist were observed after operation. Functional evaluation was performed by Gartland and Werley scoring system at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 13 months with an average of (11.3±0.9) months. All fractures healed for 4 to 5 months with an average of(4.7±0.8) months. Median palpal inclination of anterior and posterior distal radius fixed by dorsal plate was 5.30°(4.85°, 6.03°), 12.45°(11.98°, 13.43°) respectively, and had statistical difference( P<0.01). Gartland and Werley scores was (1.1±0.4) at 12 months afteropertaion, and 27 patients got excellent result and 3 good.@*CONCLUSION@#Dorsal plate assisted fixation of dorsal lunate fossa fractures is beneficial to reduction and stabilization of displaced dorsal fractures and restoration of palmar inclination.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radius/surgery , Lunate Bone/surgery , Upper Extremity , Wrist Joint , Wrist , Fractures, Bone
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 965-972, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008922

ABSTRACT

Bl factor is a key system parameter of the resonant blood viscoelastic sensor. In this paper, a dynamic measurement system for the spatial distribution of Bl factor based on velocity amplitude and motional impedance was designed. The system extracted the velocity amplitude and motional impedance of the coil under the dynamic condition of driving the sensor to generate simple harmonic oscillations using laser displacement and impedance analysis combined with in-phase/quadrature demodulation algorithm, and controlled the equilibrium position of the coil by adjusting the direct current component of the excitation current to realize the position scanning. In the position interval of [-240, 240] μm, the maximum coefficient of variation of the measurement results was 0.077 3%, and the maximum relative error to the simulation results was 2.937 9%, with a linear fitting correlation coefficient R 2 = 0.996 8. The system can be used to accurately measure the spatial distribution of Bl factor of the resonant blood viscoelastic sensor, which provides a technical support for the verification of the design of the sensor magnetic circuit.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Electric Impedance , Motion , Algorithms , Lasers
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 650-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986128

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of kynurenine pathway on the osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC). Methods: Unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 19 patients with periodontitis (periodontitis group) and 19 periodontally healthy individuals (health group) in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from June to October of 2022. Contents of kynurenine and the metabolites in saliva samples were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The expressions of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) were further detected by immunohistochemistry in gingival tissues. The PDLSC used in this study were isolated from extracted teeth for orthodontic treatment in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from July to November of 2022. Experiments were then conducted using the cells by incubating with (kynurenine group) or without kynurenine (control group) in vitro. Seven days later, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and assays of ALP activity were performed. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was utilized to detect the expressions of osteogenic related genes ALP, osteocalcin (OCN), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), collagen type-Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ) as well as the kynurenine pathway-associated genes AhR, cytochrome P450 family (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of RUNX2, osteopontin (OPN) and AhR proteins on day 10 and alizarin red staining was performed to observe the formation of mineral nodules on day 21 in control group and kynurenine group. Results: Salivary concentrations of kynurenine [8.26 (0, 19.60) nmol/L] and kynurenic acid [11.4 (3.34, 13.52) nmol/L] were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the health group [0.75(0, 4.25) nmol/L, 1.92(1.34, 3.88) nmol/L] (Z=-2.84, P=0.004; Z=-3.61, P<0.001). The expression levels of IDO (18.33±2.22) and AhR (44.14±13.63) in gingival tissues of periodontitis patients were significantly higher than that of the health group (12.21±2.87, 15.39±5.14) (t=3.38, P=0.015; t=3.42, P=0.027). In vitro, the ALP activity of PDLSC in the kynurenine group (291.90±2.35) decreased significantly compared with the control group (329.30±19.29) (t=3.34, P=0.029). The mRNA expression levels of ALP, OCN and RUNX2 in the kynurenine group (0.43±0.12, 0.78±0.09, 0.66±0.10) were decreased compared with the control group (1.02±0.22, 1.00±0.11, 1.00±0.01) (t=4.71, P=0.003; t=3.23, P=0.018; t=6.73, P<0.001), while the levels of AhR and CYP1A1 were increased in the kynurenine group (1.43±0.07, 1.65±0.10) compared with those in the control group (1.01±0.12, 1.01±0.14) (t=5.23, P=0.006; t=6.59, P<0.001). No significant difference was observed in COL-Ⅰ and CYP1B1 mRNA levels between groups. The protein levels of OPN, RUNX2 (0.82±0.05, 0.87±0.03) were reduced and that of AhR (1.24±0.14) was increased in the kynurenine group compared with those in the control group (1.00±0.00, 1.00±0.00, 1.00±0.00) (t=6.79, P=0.003; t=7.95, P=0.001; t=3.04, P=0.039). Conclusions: Over-activated kynurenine pathway in periodontitis patients can promote upregulation of AhR and suppress the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 824-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the characteristics of auditory processing (AP) in preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using Preschool Auditory Processing Assessment Scale (hereafter referred to as "auditory processing scale").@*METHODS@#A total of 41 children with ADHD and 41 typically developing (TD) children were assessed using the auditory processing scale, SNAP-IV rating scale, and Conners' Kiddie Continuous Performance Test (K-CPT). The auditory processing scale score was compared between the TD and ADHD groups. The correlations of the score with SNAP-IV and K-CPT scores were assessed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the TD group, the ADHD group had significantly higher total score of the auditory processing scale and scores of all dimensions except visual attention (P<0.05). In the children with ADHD, the attention deficit dimension score of the SNAP-IV rating scale was positively correlated with the total score of the auditory processing scale (rs30=0.531, P<0.05; rs27=0.627, P<0.05) as well as the scores of its subdimensions, including auditory decoding (rs=0.628, P<0.05), auditory attention (rs=0.492, P<0.05), and communication (rs=0.399, P<0.05). The hyperactivity-impulsivity dimension score of the SNAP-IV rating scale was positively correlated with the hyperactivity-impulsivity dimension score of the auditory processing scale (rs=0.429, P<0.05). In the children with ADHD, the attention deficit dimension score of the K-CPT was positively correlated with the total score (rs30=0.574, P<0.05; rs27=0.485, P<0.05) and the hyperactivity-impulsivity dimension score (rs=0.602, P<0.05) of the auditory processing scale.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preschool children with ADHD have the risk of AP abnormalities, and the auditory processing scale should be used early for the screening and evaluation of AP abnormalities in children.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Schools , Auditory Perception
8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 751-755, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934901

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the difference in behavioral characteristics among different phenotypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF), so as to provide insights into clinical differentiation of behavioral characteristics among different phenotypes of ADHD.@*Methods@#The children with ADHD admitted to The Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University were enrolled and classified into the inattentive type (ADHD-I), hyperactive/impulsive type (ADHD-HI) and combined type (ADHD-C). The reaction time (RT) was measured using integrated visual and auditory continuous performance test, and the mean (RT-mean) and standard deviation of RT (RT-SD) were estimated. In addition, the ALFF was calculated at 0.010 to 0.027, 0.027 to 0.073, 0.073 to 0.167 Hz, and the difference of ALFF was compared among children with different types of ADHD. @*Results@#A total of 107 children with ADHD were enrolled, including 95 boys and 12 girls, with a mean age of (8.89±1.93) years. There were 69 children with ADHD-I, 8 children with ADHD-HI and 30 children with ADHD-C. The RT-SD was significantly higher among children with ADHD-C than among children with ADHD-I [(126.003±51.619) ms vs. (97.720±45.302) ms; P=0.007]; however, there was no significant difference in RT-mean among children with various ADHD phenotypes (F=1.386, P=0.255). There was an interaction between frequency and ADHD phenotypes (F=2.754, P=0.032), and the ALFF was significantly higher among children with ADHD-C than among children with ADHD-I at 0.010 to 0.027 [(5 590.567±231.595) ms vs. (4 694.001±154.397) ms; P=0.002] and 0.073 to 0.167 Hz [(4 312.609±174.709) ms vs. (3 690.805±116.473) ms; P=0.005].@*Conclusions @#The ALFF varies in ADHD phenotypes, and there is a frequency-specific difference.

9.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 478-482, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954063

ABSTRACT

Epigenetic alterations include chromosome translocation, polycomb function and non-coding RNA abnormalities, and etc.A study on genome of childhood acute myeloid leukemia(AML)in children has shown that these abnormalities play an important role in the pathogenesis of AML, and epigenetic heterogeneity is associated with poor prognosis and relapse of AML.Presently, the overall survival(OS)for AML in children has been improved, but for the refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia(r/r AML), the prognosis or curative effect remains poor.The curative effect is expected to be improved by epigenetics related therapies.A large number of studies have found that the epigenetic abnormalities of AML in children are different from those in adults.Some drugs targeting epigenetic alternations, such as DNA methyltransferase inhibitor and IDH inhibitor, have been used to treat AML in children.This paper aims to review the epigenetic regulation abnormalities in children with AML and the progress in relevant clinical applications.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939673

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To identify the expression and methylation patterns of lncRNA CASC15 in bone marrow (BM) samples of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, and further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Eighty-two de novo AML patients and 18 healthy donors were included in the study. Meanwhile, seven public datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were included to confirm the expression and methylation data of CASC15. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was applied to determine the discriminative capacity of CASC15 expression to identify AML. The patients were divided into CASC15high group and CASC15low group by X-tile method, and the prognostic value of CASC15 was identified by Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of CASC15 was significantly decreased in BM cells of AML patients compared with healthy donors (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis suggested that CASC15 expression might be a potential biomarker to discriminate AML from controls. The expression of CASC15 was high at the early stage of hematopoiesis, and reached a peak at the stage of multipotent progenitors differentiation, then decreased rapidly, and was at a range of low level fluctuations in the subsequent process. Among FAB subtypes, CASC15 expression in M0 was significantly higher than that in M1-M7. Clinically, CASC15low patients were more likely to have NPM1 mutations than CASC15high patients (P=0.048), while CASC15high patients had a significantly higher frequency of IDH1 and RUNX1 mutations (P=0.021 and 0.014, respectively). Moreover, CASC15low group had a shorter overall survival (OS) in patients with NPM1 mutations. Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed that CASC15 expression was a significant independent risk factor for OS in NPM1 mutated AML patients. In addition, CASC15 methylation level in BM samples of AML patients was significantly decreased compared with healthy donors. Patients with CASC15 high methylation had poor OS and disease-free survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of CASC15 is decreased in AML, and low CASC15 expression may predict adverse prognosis in AML patients with NPM1 mutations. Moreover, CASC15 methylation level in AML is significantly decreased, and high CASC15 methylation may predict poor prognosis in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 653-658, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the detection of NPM1 type A mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to evaluate its specificity, sensitivity and its value in clinical application.@*METHODS@#NPM1 mutant and wildtype plasmids were used to verify the performance of ddPCR. Both ddPCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the bone marrow samples of 87 AML patients, which were confirmed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Moreover, NPM1 mutation burden was dynamically monitored in five patients by ddPCR.@*RESULTS@#The limit of blank (LOB) of ddPCR established for NPM1 mutation detection was 1.1 copies/μl, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 2.43 copies/μl, which had good linearity. Among the 87 newly diagnosed AML patients, ddPCR identified seventeen cases positive for NPM1 mutation (19.5%), which was consistent with Sanger sequencing. NGS confirmed 12 positive cases, including 8 of type A mutations, 2 of type D mutations, and 2 of rare type mutations. The results of dynamic monitoring of NPM1 mutation burden in 5 patients showed that the NPM1 mutation burden decreased obviously even close to 0, when patients achieve complete remission after chemotherapy. However, the mutation burden was increased again at the time of relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we established a ddPCR method for detection of NPM1 mutation with good sensitivity and repeatability, which can be used for screening NPM1 mutation in newly diagnosed AML patients and for minimal residual disease monitoring after remission in positive AML patients to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
12.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1165-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972131

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective This paper aims to explore the effect of live attenuated varicella vaccine on the sensitivity of tuberculin skin test(TST), and to provide reference for tuberculin skin test in the future. Methods TST and emergency varicella vaccine were administered to students in grade one of a high school in Wuxi, Jiangsu province, who had both TB and varicella cases. Independent-samples t test was used to analyze the mean diameter of induration of TST in day 0, day 83 and day 195. The retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the effect of live attenuated varicella vaccine on TST.   Results The mean induration diameter of 45 students who participated in three TST tests on day 0, day 83 and day 195 were analyzed by independent sample t test. On day 0, there was a difference in the mean diameter of TST induration between the unvaccinated and vaccinated groups(1.630±2.837 vs 5.818±4.530) (t=-3.692, P=0.001). On day 83, there was no difference in the mean diameter of TST induration between the two groups(0.001±0.001 vs 0.114±0.533) (t=-1.000, P=0.329). On day 195, there was a difference in the mean diameter of TST induration between the two groups(1.913±3.774 vs 5.023±5.126) (t=-2.309, P=0.026). Moreover, the retrospective cohort study showed that the mean diameter of TST induration changed more significantly after inoculation with varicella vaccine, RR=6.071, 95%CI (1.667-22.116), P<0.05; After inoculation with varicella vaccine, the mean diameter of TST test did not change significantly from day 0 to day 195 with no statistical significance RR=3.474, 95%CI (0.333-36.240), P>0.05. Conclusions Live attenuated varicella vaccine may temporarily affect the sensitivity of tuberculin skin test.

13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 207-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of dihydromyricetin on the expression of miR-98-5p and its mechanism in the development of Herceptin resistance in SKBR3 cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of IGF2 and miR-98-5p and their interaction relationship were analyzed by bioinformatics analysis through TargetScan online databases. SKBR3 cells and drug-resistant SKBR3-R cells were cultured in cell experiments. Xenograft tumor mice were constructed by SKBR3 and SKBR3-R cells. Proteins were detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Transfected cells were constructed by shRNA lentivirus vectors. RT-QPCR was used to detect RNA. Cell proliferation was detected by MTS method. Cell jnvasion was detected by Transwell assay. Luciferase reporting assays were used to verify RNA interactions. IGF-1R/HER2 heterodimer was determined by immunocoprecipitation.@*RESULTS@#The expression of IGF2, p-IGF1R, p-Akt and p-S6K in SKBR3-R cells were significantly higher than those in SKBR3 cells, while the expression of PTEN protein was lower in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05). IGF1R/HER2 heterodimer in SKBR3-R cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01).The expression of IGF2 and invasion ability were significantly reduced while transfected with miR-98-5p in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05), but the IGF2 mRNA were no difference in both cells (P > 0.05). The expression of miR-98-5p was up-regulated and IGF2 was decreased in drug-resistant xenograft tumor mice after feeding with dihydromyricetin, and the tumor became more sensitivity to Herceptin (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dihydromyricetin could induce the expression of miR-98-5p, which binds to IGF2 mRNA to reduce IGF2 expression, inhibit the IGF-1R/HER2 formation, thereby reversing cell resistance to Herceptin in SKBR3-R cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Flavonols/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Trastuzumab
14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 594-597, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of sleeve gastrectomy on blood glucose in obese rats with diabetes mellitus.Methods:Thirty-two 12 week old Goto Kakizaki (GK) diabetic rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: sham operation group (A) , sleeve stomach operation group (B) , sleeve stomach operation+external bile drainage group (C) and sleeve stomach operation + external bile drainage + oleanolic acid group (D) . The changes of fasting blood glucose and blood bile acid were compared before and after operation. The expression level of GLP-1 in serum of each group was detected by ELISA, and the difference of protein expression of bile acid G protein coupled receptor (TGR5) was detected by Western blot.Results:The blood glucose level of group A had no significant change after operation. But blood glucose level in group B and group D was significantly lower than that before operation. Blood glucose in group C was lower than that before operation, but there was no significant difference in comparison. Serum total bile acid level in group A had no significant difference before and after operation. Bile acid level in group B was significantly higher than that before operation, while bile acid level in group C and group D was significantly lower than that before operation. There was no significant difference in the level of serum GLP-1 in group A before and after operation. The level of serum GLP-1 in group B and group D was significantly higher than that before operation. The level of serum GLP-1 in group C was lower than that before operation, but there was no significant difference. The expression of TGR5 protein in terminal ileum in group B and group D was higher than that in group A, but the expression in group C was similar with that in group A.Conclusions:Sleeve gastrectomy has definite hypoglycemic effect on T2DM rats. Bile acid and its related receptor TGR5 should play an important role in the mechanism of sleeve gastrectomy in treatment of diabetes.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 401-407, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate effects of capecitabine metronomic chemotherapy combined with exemestane on the proliferation of breast cancer MCF-7 cells and PI3-K/AKT signaling pathway.Methods:MCF-7 cells cultured in vitro were divided into the control group (adding DMEM without drugs), 30 μmol/L exemestane group, capecitabine metronomic chemotherapy combined drugs group [30 μmol/L exemestane combined with different concentrations (50, 33, 17 μmol/L) of capecitabine]. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell proliferation inhibition rate, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration ( IC50) was calculated, and the changes of cell cycle and apoptosis rate of MCF-7 in different drug groups were assessed by using flow cytometry. The related-protein expression of PI3K-AKT signaling pathway of MCF-7 cells was detected by using Western blot. Results:The IC50 of capecitabine and exemestane on MCF-7 cells for 72 h was 101.2 μmol/L and 60.6 μmol/L, respectively. The proliferation inhibition rate of MCF-7 cells in 30 μmol/L exemestane for 24 h and 48 h combined with 50, 33 and 17 μmol/L capecitabine group was higher than that in 30 μmol/L exemestane group (all P<0.01). The apoptosis rates were (18.1±2.6)%, (34.6±3.0)%, (27.6±1.3)%, (23.1±1.6)%, respectively in 30 μmol/L exemestane group, 30 μmol/L exemestane + 50 μmol/L capecitabine group, 30 μmol/L exemestane + 33 μmol/L capecitabine group, 30 μmol/L exemestane + 17 μmol/L capecitabine group, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 23.652, P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the proportion of MCF-7 cells in phase G 2 of 30 μmol/L exemestane group was increased [(16.7±2.6)% vs. (10.6±2.2)%], while that in phase G 1 was decreased [(53.3±4.0)% vs. (56.3±3.2)%]. The proportion of MCF-7 cells in phase S of 30 μmol/L exemestane + 50 μmol/L capecitabine group was increased [(39.0±3.6)% vs. (33.1±2.0)%]. MCF-7 cells of 30 μmol/L of exemestane + 33 μmol/L capecitabine group were more blocked in phase S [(51.7±4.1)%], and cells in phase G 2 were nearly disappeared [(1.2±0.5)%]; the cell proportion MCF-7 cells in phase G 2 of 30 μmol/L exemestane plus 17 μmol/L capecitabine group was increased [(26.2±3.1)%]. Western blot analysis showed that low dose capecitabine metronomic chemotherapy promoted exemestane to inhibit the expression of PI3K, motivated AKT serine phosphorylated at protein 473 [the increased expression of p-AKT (473)], promoted S6 protein expression at downstream of signaling pathway and increased its phosphorylation level (the increased expression of p-S6), thereby activating apoptosis signal. Conclusion:Capecitabine metronomic chemotherapy combined with exemestane can synergistically inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer MCF-7 cells and activate apoptosis mechanisms of MCF-7 cells through affecting PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 499-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of helmet therapy in cranial remodeling of infants with deformational plagiocephaly.Methods:A total of 114 infants with plagiocephaly received helmet therapy at the age of 4 to 12 months over the period from 2016 to 2018 and the results were analyzed retrospectively. Seventy-four were male and forty female. The average ages were (7.49±1.91) and (7.54±2.10) months, respectively. A Spectra scanner was used to quantify each head′s radial symmetry index (RSI), cranial vault asymmetry (CVA) and cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) before and after 100 days of treatment, and those data were related with age (4-6 months, 7-9 months and 10-12 months), gender and severity of deformity (levels III-V).Results:The average RSI, CVA and CVAI improved significantly for all of the infants studied. The average RSI, CVA and CVAI improved the most for those 4-6 months old. Those with level-IV deformity showed significantly better improvement than those with level III or V deformity.Conclusions:Helmet therapy is an effective way to improve deformities due to plagiocephaly among infants. The best age for treatment is 4-6 months. Patients with less malformation are more easily corrected.

17.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 510-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current situation of the mothers and infants at their first visit to the breastfeeding counseling clinic, and provide a reference for promoting breastfeeding in infancy.Methods:Clinical data of 581 mother-infant-dyads visiting the breastfeeding counseling clinic of Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were collected and analyzed retrospectively, including the general information of the dyads, and the subjective and actual reasons for visits. According to the age of infants coming to the clinics, they are divided into the younger group (60 d and below, n=316), middle-aged group (61-120 d, n=178), and older group (121 d and above, n=87). Differences in exclusive breastfeeding rate and reasons for visits between different groups were analyzed by analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test, Chi-square test, or Fisher's exact test. Results:The age of the 581 infants at the first visit were mainly at 30-34, 41-45 and 90-94 d, which accounted for 9.3%( n=54), 25.3%( n=147), and 9.0%( n=52), respectively. The total exclusive breastfeeding rate was 71.8%( n=417) at visit, and there were significant differences among the younger, middle-aged and older group [67.7%(214/316), 79.8%(142/178), 70.1%(61/87), χ 2=14.294, P=0.006), and between the younger and middle-aged group in the pairwise comparison. The most common subjective reason for visiting was slow weight gain ( n=249, 42.9%), followed by worrying about insufficient milk ( n=142, 24.4%) and feeding difficulties ( n=132, 22.7%). Whereas the top three practical reasons for visiting included infant's inability to latch on or sucking ( n=165, 28.4%), lack of breastfeeding knowledge ( n=149, 25.6%) and inappropriate maternal feeding skills ( n=140, 24.1%). The younger group faced more problems regarding latching on or sucking [39.6%(125/316] and mother's feeding skills[25.9%(82/316)], while the lack of breastfeeding knowledge mainly occurred in the older group[48.3%(42/87)]. The coincidence rates between the subjective and actual reasons for slow weight gain, worrying of insufficient milk, and feeding difficulties were only 1.2%( n=3), 6.3%( n=11), and 21.2%( n=28). Conclusions:Breastfeeding- related problems exist in infants of different ages below one year old. There is a big knowledge gap between the subjective reasons for medical visits and the actual problems that interfere with breastfeeding. Therefore, individualized breastfeeding guidance for infants of different ages is recommended in children's health clinics.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 408-413,432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006718

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the effect of metformin (Met) hydrochloride on the expressions of inflammatory cytokines in Aβ1-42-induced BV-2 cells and its mechanisms. 【Methods】 BV-2 cells were induced by Aβ1-42 to mimic the neuroinflammatory cell model, and after treatment with Met, the contents of cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18, in cell supernatant were examined by ELISA; the mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18 were examined by RT-PCR; and the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, pro-Caspase-1, Caspase-1, NF-κB, p-IκBα and IκBα were examined by Western blotting. 【Results】 Aβ1-42 at 1.25, 2.5 and 5 μmol/L could decrease the BV-2 cell viability in a dose-dependent manner, while Met at 0.5, 1 and 2 mmol/L could increase the cell viability in 5 μmol/L Aβ1-42-induced BV-2 cells. After treatment with Met, the transcription and secretion of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18, and the protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1(p20), NF-κB and p-IκBα were significantly decreased in Aβ1-42-induced BV-2 cells. 【Conclusion】 Met attenuates inflammatory responses in Aβ1-42-induced BV-2 cells, which may be associated with the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation via NF-κB pathway.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1436-1449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#LncRNA ITGB2-AS1 has been found to play important roles in the occurrence and development of human solid tumors. However, its role in hematological diseases, especially acute myeloid leukemia (AML), remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the expression pattern of ITGB2-AS1 in AML patients and to further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#ITGB2-AS1 expression was analyzed in public datasets (including TCGA and GSE63270) and further validated in a cohort of 109 AML patients by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#The level of ITGB2-AS1 was up-regulated among two independent cohorts (TCGA, P<0.05; GSE63270, P<0.05), which was confirmed by the data from 109 AML patients enrolled in this study (P<0.05). Clinically, high ITGB2-AS1 expression was associated with older age (P=0.023) and lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis identified that high ITGB2-AS1 expression was an independent prognostic factor not only for CR rate (P=0.027) but also for overall survival (OS) time (P=0.011), and ITGB2-AS1 was positively correlated with ITGB2 expression in both TCGA (r=0.74, P<0.001) and clinical data detected in this study (r=0.881, P<0.001). High ITGB2 expression was also associated with older age (P=0.02) and lower CR rate (P=0.020). Moreover, high ITGB2 expression predicted worse OS (P=0.028).@*CONCLUSION@#ITGB2-AS1 is overexpressed in AML and predicts poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
20.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 106-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875944

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of energy discriminating dosimeter and compare the impact of the assessment results. Methods CTLD-J4000 energy discriminating dosimeter was irradiated with different energy photons, and the differences covered by the dosimeters were used. Density filtering materials have different filtering effects on photons, and the ratio curve of the readings to the photon energy was fitted to identify the photon energy. Results The coincidence between the non-filter/light filter of the CTLD-J4000 energy discrimination dosimeter and the manufacturer's reference value was better than that of the non-filter/re-filter. The latter had higher deviation values at 48 keV(12.8%)and 83 keV(15.5%), respectively. Using the average scale factor, the maximum energy response deviation was 23.5%. Conclusion Using a discriminating dosimeter can better identify the ray energy, thereby reducing the energy response error caused by using the average scale factor.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL