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1.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1056-1059, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667328

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical features between very late stent thrombosis (VLST) and very late in-stent restenosis, to discuss the potential risk factors for VLST occurrence. Methods: Our research included in 2 groups: VLST group, 21 ACS patients with coronary angiography (CAG) confirmed VLST admitted in our hospital and Control group, 38 ACS patients with CAG confirmed very late in-stent restenosis at same period of time. Basic clinical data, laboratory tests and relevant examinations were compared between 2 groups; potential risk factors for VLST occurrence were studied by Logistic regression analysis. Results: ① There were 8 (38.1%) patients discontinued anti-platelet therapy in a month by themselves in VLST group and 5 (13.2%) in Control group, P=0.03. ② 13 (61.9%) patients presented as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in VLST group, while all (100%) patients presented as Non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NST-ACS) in Control group, P<0.001. ③ The age, gender, previous histories of hypertension, diabetes, MI, smoking and interventional therapy were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. ④ Compared with Control group, VLST group had decreased LVEF, P=0.001, increased peak values of TnI and NT-pro BNP, elevated WBC and hs-CRP, all P<0.001. ⑤ The index of echocardiography, blood lipid profiles, glucose and creatinine were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. ⑥ Logistic regression analysis showed that discontinued anti-platelet therapy, elevated NT-pro BNP and hs-CRP were the independent risk factors for VLST occurrence, P<0.05. Conclusion: VLST may have life-threatening clinical features, insisted anti-platelet therapy and improved cardiac function could reduce VLST occurrence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659740

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and compare the application results of glibenclamide and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods The subjects of this study were selected from 68 cases of pregnant women with GDM admitted in our hospital from September 2015 to March 2017. They were randomly divided into the control group (insulin) and the observation group (glibenclamide), each with 34 cases. The clinical efficacy and adverse pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results The fasting blood-glucose (FBG), 2 h postprandial plasma glucose (2 h PG), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of both groups after treatment decreased significantly (P<0.05), but there was no big difference in the above indexes between the two groups after treatment. The incidence of fetal macrosomia, fetal asphyxia and neonatal hypoglycemia in the observation group was 17.65%, 23.53% and 20.59% respectively, much higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion In treating GDM, both glibenclamide and insulin are effective in enabling better blood-glucose control, but insulin has an advantage over the other in improving pregnancy outcomes. With the informed consent of some GDM patients, oral hypoglycemic agents can be used with caution.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657543

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and compare the application results of glibenclamide and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods The subjects of this study were selected from 68 cases of pregnant women with GDM admitted in our hospital from September 2015 to March 2017. They were randomly divided into the control group (insulin) and the observation group (glibenclamide), each with 34 cases. The clinical efficacy and adverse pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results The fasting blood-glucose (FBG), 2 h postprandial plasma glucose (2 h PG), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of both groups after treatment decreased significantly (P<0.05), but there was no big difference in the above indexes between the two groups after treatment. The incidence of fetal macrosomia, fetal asphyxia and neonatal hypoglycemia in the observation group was 17.65%, 23.53% and 20.59% respectively, much higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion In treating GDM, both glibenclamide and insulin are effective in enabling better blood-glucose control, but insulin has an advantage over the other in improving pregnancy outcomes. With the informed consent of some GDM patients, oral hypoglycemic agents can be used with caution.

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