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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940504

ABSTRACT

In the era of artificial intelligence based on big data, data acquisition, storage and processing are more convenient, which provides a guarantee for accelerating the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), but it has not yet achieved organic integration with TCM theory. Based on preliminary research on the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM, combined with the current development trend of artificial intelligence, this paper analyzed the biological intelligence attribute of the function of TCM supramolecular "imprinting template", in order to provide reference for the development of TCM drug innovation. Both the human body and Chinese materia medica are giant complex supramolecular bodies evolved from natural organisms. According to the "imprinting template", the "social molecules" are controlled step by step to form the meridians and viscera. The interaction produces the original theory of TCM, in which the self-recognition, self-assembly, self-organization and self-replication of the "imprinting template" reflect the "intelligence" function attributes:the human body uses the "imprinting template" to self-identify and sense the ingredients of TCM, and store the memory information database in the meridian and collateral organs in the form of "imprinting template", and then pass the "imprinting template". The comparison, analysis, and judgment of imprinting templates guide the self-assembly, self-organization and self-replication among "molecular society", synthesize biological machines, produce biological functions, repair or strengthen biological supramolecular bodies, and present the most basic "intelligence" attribute. This suggests that the theory of theory-method-prescription-medicine of TCM is the weak embodiment of biological "intelligence", while the human brain function is the strong embodiment of biological "intelligence". Since the intelligent function of supramolecular "imprinting template" runs through the natural world, artificial intelligence that can characterize the strong "intelligence" form of the human brain will also be integrated into all aspects of the natural world, suggesting the development direction of "intelligence" functionalization of drug innovation mode.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940437

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are lipid bilayer membranous vesicles actively secreted by various cells in the organism, which are like nanoparticles and have messenger targeting. Combining with the theory of supramolecular "Qi chromatography" of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), research ideas and strategies of modernization of TCM can be constructed. Exosomes are secreted by cells, and the membrane contains nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and small molecular metabolites and others, which can accurately coordinate the functions of each cell, concentrate and transmit the functional information of the parent cell, and is the concise form of reflecting cell functions. At the same time, it is loaded with the "imprinted templates" of the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM. If the "imprinted templates" carrying rules among the gene-protein-lipid-small molecules wrapped in it is studied, the modern experimental research ideas and strategies of TCM theory can be established for revealing the functions of the body's meridians and viscera. Firstly, the present situation of exosomes, including discovery, secretion, characteristics, functions, attribution, uptake, research methods and application status, were reviewed in this paper. And the natural properties of its precise messenger targeted delivery vehicle were elaborated, reflecting the operation law of microscopic substances in meridians and viscera. Secondly, to explore it as an important carrier of the concentrated "imprinted templates" of the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM, and integrating the research methods of exosomes and supramolecular chemistry of TCM, this paper proposes experimental research ideas and strategies on the microscopic material basis of meridians and viscera, compatibility of TCM compound, and targeting of TCM targeted preparations.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928172

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix, a medicinal herb for invigorating Qi, has anti-aging, anti-tumor, immunoregulatory, blood sugar-and lipid-lowering, anti-fibrosis, anti-radiation and other pharmacological effects. This article reviewed the studies about the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Astragali Radix. According to the theory of quality markers(Q-markers) of Chinese medicinal materials, we predicted the Q-markers of Astragali Radix from traditional efficacy, chemical component validity, measurability, plant phylogeny, and pharmacokinetis. The results showed that total polysaccharides, flavonoids(e.g., calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, calycosin, quercetin, and ononin), and saponins(e.g., astragalosides Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ) can be taken as the main Q-markers. This review lays a foundation for regulating the quality research and standard establishment of Astragali Radix, and benefits the control and quality supervision of the production process of Astragali Radix and its related products.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Plant Roots
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906130

ABSTRACT

Under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), charcoal drugs are widely used in clinical treatment of various bleeding syndromes, in addition, they also have the effect in anti-diarrhea and anti-ulcer, but charcoal drugs are especially effective in stopping bleeding. According to the changes in the properties after processing, the hemostatic effect of charcoal drugs can be roughly divided into two categories. One is not used for hemostasis itself, but used for hemostasis after processing. The other is used for hemostasis itself, and the drug properties are changed or the hemostatic ability is enhanced after processing. By summarizing researches on historical evolution, processing mechanism and pharmacological effects of the commonly used hemostatic charcoal drugs, the author found that preservation or increase of active substances after processing was closely related to the hemostatic effect of charcoal drugs. The hemostatic mechanism mainly involves the influence of coagulation system and platelet function, etc. At the same time, combined with the theory of Qi chromatograph of TCM supramolecular, this paper puts forward the supramolecular research strategy on hemostatic mechanism of charcoal drugs, in order to provide reference for revealing the scientific connotation of charcoal drugs for hemostasis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the targeting evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations based on supramolecular Qi chromatography theory, and to study the liver targeting effect of Bupleuri Radix on Pien Tze Huang. Method:The molecular connectivity index (MCI) was used to analyze the characteristics of imprinted template and liver targeting tendency of TCM mainly attributed to liver meridian and components of Pien Tze Huang, and combined with target dynamics and total statistical moment principle, aimed at the independent action characteristics of multi-component imprinted template of TCM, a method for evaluating the targeting of TCM preparations was established. Hepatoma rats in Pien Tze Huang group, Bupleuri Radix<italic> </italic>group, Pien Tze Huang+Bupleuri Radix group and blank group were tested and verified. Result:After the average value of MCI of TCM mainly attributed to liver meridian was deducted, the MCI similarity between Pien Tze Huang group and Bupleuri Radix group was 0.376 8, Pien Tze Huang+Bupleuri Radix group and Bupleuri Radix group was 0.988 2, so it was predicted that Bupleuri Radix could enhance the liver targeting of Pien Tze Huang. A system for evaluating the targeting of TCM compounds was established, including relative total uptake efficiency (RUE<sub>T</sub>), relative total concentration (RC<sub>T</sub>), relative imprinted tendency (RIT<sub>T</sub>) and relative imprinted variance (RIV<sub>T</sub>). The RUE<sub>T</sub> and RC<sub>T</sub> of liver were the highest in all tissues (RUE<sub>T</sub>=1.88>1,RC<sub>T</sub><italic>=</italic>2.30>1), and the corresponding values of other tissues were all <1, indicating that Pien Tze Huang combined with Bupleuri Radix could increase its distribution in liver and enhance liver targeting. Except for plasma, the RIT<sub>T</sub> and RIV<sub>T</sub> of other tissues fluctuated around 1.0, indicating that targeted modification did not change imprinted tendency of Pien Tze Huang and had no significant effect on the types of components. Conclusion:Under the guidance of supramolecular Qi chromatography theory, a targeting evaluation parameter system can be established to characterize the multi-component imprinted effect of TCM preparations by MCI and total statistical moment parameters, so as to realize the evaluation of targeting of TCM preparations. The addition of Bupleuri Radix can increase the liver targeting of Pien Tze Huang.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905976

ABSTRACT

The application of modern scientific theories and technologies to explore the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is one of the key issues in realizing the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. Chinese medicine and its compounds produce comprehensive pharmacodynamics through multiple components acting on multiple targets, the core of clarifying the mechanism is to solve the key scientific problems of static correlation and dynamic integration verification between the components and the target network topology. At present, the effective method to clarify the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is to statically correlate the topological network of in vitro components and targets through network pharmacology. Although there are also component-target verification studies, they often learn from research idea of single component-single target, it is urgent to establish a quantitative integration and overall verification method that conforms to the characteristics of TCM. According to supramolecular Qi chromatography theory of TCM, the microscopic mechanism of interaction between Chinese medicine and human body is actually the two supramolecular host and object groups (the active ingredient group of Chinese medicine and the target group of human body) based on imprinted template, which shows the macroscopic properties and pharmacodynamics. Based on this, the author proposes to use supramolecular Qi chromatography theory as the guidance, combined with supramolecular chemistry, network dynamics, quantitative pharmacology and other methods to quantitatively integrate and verify the compositions and the target groups with imprinted template as the core predicted by network pharmacology, looking for the optimal quality markers, greatly reducing the difficulty of multi-component-multi-target experimental verification of Chinese medicine and its compounds.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921675

ABSTRACT

Aurantii Fructus is a commonly used qi-regulating medicinal herb in China. Both traditional Chinese medicine theory and modern experimental research demonstrate that Aurantii Fructus has dryness effect, the material basis of which remains unclear. In recent years, spectrum-effect relationship has been widely employed in the study of active ingredients in Chinese medicinal herbs, the research ideas and methods of which have been constantly improved. Based on the idea of spectrum-effect study, the ultra-high perfor-mance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS) fingerprints of different fractions of Aurantii Fructus extract were established for the identification of total components. Then, the dryness effects of the fractions on normal mice and gastrointestinal motility disorder(GMD) rats were systematically compared. Finally, principal component analysis(PCA), Pearson bivariate correlation analysis and orthogonal partial least squares analysis(OPLS) were integrated to identify the dryness components of Aurantii Fructusextract. The results showed that narirutin, naringin, naringenin, poncirin, oxypeucedanin, and eriodictyol-7-O-glucoside had significant correlations with and contributed to the expression of AQP2 in kidney, AQP3 in colon, and AQP5 in submandibular gland, which were the main dryness components in Aurantii Fructus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aquaporin 2 , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Motility , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Rats
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873343

ABSTRACT

In this paper, based on the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), combined with the characteristics of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the historical origin and characteristics of theoretical research on the treatment of epidemic diseases by TCM were analyzed retrospectively, and the key scientific problems for achieving its modernization were proposed, and the countermeasures were illustrated. In fact, the emergence and development history of TCM epidemic theory is a comprehensive and scientific understanding of biomolecular chemistry for epidemic caused by pathogen. From the exploration of the cause of abnormal Qi to the epidemic pathogenic factor, from the treatment based on syndrome differentiation by six meridians to by the defensive Qi and nutrient blood and the triple energizer, which is gradually close to the modern theoretical system of infectious diseases and immunology, all of which are stamped with brand of TCM supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory. In the long history of biological evolution in nature, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as epidemic pathogenic factor in TCM, human body and Chinese materia medica are biological supramolecules at a specific stage of evolution in nature, which are controlled by the "imprinting templates" of molecular society in gradual biomolecules, with the unchanged laws of mutual advancement, mutation, suitability and mutual restriction. Based on the analysis of the law of supramolecular action hiding in the prevention and treatment of epidemic diseases dealt with TCM on procession of principle-method-recipe-medicines, this paper discusses the key scientific problems of its modernization and puts forward the solutions. It can not only clarify the scientific principle of the prevention and treatment with TCM, develop the multi-component Chinese medicine, accelerate the control of the epidemic situation, but also promote the solution of original frontier key scientific problems such as the material basis of meridians, viscera and syndromes, and the compatibility law of the TCM prescription, in order to protect the existing medical resources and open up a new situation in the modernization of TCM research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846612

ABSTRACT

At present, the 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is rampant all over the country, and controlling the spread of its epidemic has become a top priority. It is very difficult to control the epidemic spreading because there is no specific drug to fight against it. Therefore, it is urgent task for us to develop a specific drug as soon as possible, and attracting worldwide attention. The studies on anti-2019-nCoV drugs were generally carried out in three modes, as vaccine, chemical drugs and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Because the developing on vaccines and chemicals takes too long, it is hard to solve the urgent problem. Moreover, the RNA of coronavirus has been recombined so quickly that the vaccines and drugs studied with great efforts not only may miss the epidemic time, but also cannot be used in the next generation of new coronavirus treatment, as a result that the work of epidemic prevention is formidable. However, the prescriptions from traditional Chinese medicine theory can cure the epidemic disease, but how to develop it into a specific drug with clear chemical composition and clear pharmacologic mechanism, is also an urgent problem to be solved. In this paper, the new coronavirus and its drug development are reviewed, while the advantages and disadvantages are analyzed, and the drug dilemma research phenomenon is clarified by using the supramolecular “qi chromatography” theory. It is suggested that the strategy of anti-coronavirus drug developing should be put forward based on the impact of “qi chromatography” of biological supramolecular “imprinting template”, in order to develop new drugs against 2019-nCoV to control the spread of the epidemic as quick as we can, and establish a new research and development model of anti-coronavirus drug on integration of traditional Chinese and Western medicine, turning passive into active.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846130

ABSTRACT

Based on the current situation and development trend of the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, combined with three major frontier scientific problems and three major engineering and technical problems needed to be solved, the crux of the modernization problem of TCM was identified, the way to solve the modernization problem of TCM was put forward, and the decisive role of supramolecular "qi chromatography" theory of TCM in cracking these problems was elaborated. The human body and Chinese materia medica are observed clearly in the long history of biological evolution in nature, while supramolecular chemistry has played an important role in analyzing the evolutionary trajectory of life and tracing the origin of TCM theory. In the long process of biological evolution in nature, all kinds of molecules in nature follow supramolecular chemistry, forming supramolecular bodies according to "imprinted template" step by step, from simple to complex, from inanimate inorganic complexes to living enzyme systems, from single simple molecules to complex supramolecular machines, through which the interaction of the biological molecules runs in the chain of organisms composed of supramolecular bodies. Meridians, which are the result of the orderly arrangement of the "imprinted template" channel structure step by step, are the basic form to control molecules. Under the impetus of human heart beating, the small molecules substances dissolved in blood migrate into and act on according to the "imprinting template" embed in main macromolecule of meridians and viscera. It shows the anisotropy of the action of meridians and viscera on small molecules, that is visceral phenomena, on which the essential of life science and the original theory of "principle", "method", "prescription" and "medicine" for TCM will be clarified. Major scientific and engineering problems of TCM will be solved on the basis of supramolecular chemistry, and the basic theory of TCM will be reconstructed and modernized into a union with contemporary medicine.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846095

ABSTRACT

Based on the universal regularity of the automatic action of supramolecular "imprinted template" previously proposed, this paper further analyzed and summarized the historical evolution and research status of the toxicity of Chinese materia medica, and deeply analyzed the production of toxicity of Chinese materia medica by using the theory of supramolecular chemistry. After entering the human body, the aggregation of supramolecular "imprinted template" of Chinese materia medica can interact with the similar "imprinted template" of the subject supramolecular of human in the human body. In other words, the group of toxic components of Chinese materia medica can be identified with the corresponding hole channels in the body, which is the supramolecular chemical mechanism of the toxicity of Chinese materia medica. The dose-effect problem and detoxification treatment of toxic Chinese materia medica is closely related to the equilibrium constant and concentration. When the concentration of the drug with the same (similar to) imprinted template is the same, the toxicity depends on the equilibrium constant of its interaction with the target. Based on this, research idea of equilibrium constant of toxicity of Chinese materia medica was proposed. The equilibrium constant of supramolecular imprinted behavior can explain the toxicity of Chinese materia medica. By studying the equilibrium constant, the supramolecular interaction of the toxic effect can be revealed and the supramolecular system of Chinese materia medica can be well studied.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307131

ABSTRACT

To analyze the research status of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) processing and key scientific issues to be resolved by using characteristic of TCM biological supramolecules and reaction theories of 'Qi chromatography' to human being, and then put forward the solution countermeasures. Based on the previous explications of theories of the Chinese medicine with supramolecular chemistry as 'Qi chromatograpy', biological supramolecular chemistry theory was used to explain the root of the problem in TCM processing and form the countermeasures for supramolecular chemistry research in the processing of TCM decoction pieces. TCM is a huge complex biological supramolecular body, so the processing of TCM is in view of the processing of huge complex biological supramolecular body. In nature, it is a TCM pharmaceutical technology with chemical changes of the subject and object of biological supramolecular body with or without auxiliary materials, under the condition of high temperature and high humidity. Supramolecular chemistry was throughout the processing of TCM, so the use of supramolecular technology was appropriate in research. TCM decoction pieces were the product of subject and object molecular changes after supramolecular chemistry reaction, with changes in physical and chemical properties of the subject and object molecules, such as bound water overflow, chemical bond rupture, dehydration, carbonization, and reaction with auxiliary materials. Changes in drug property and drug efficacy after processing depended on the degree of subject and object "imprinting template" change, which can be measured by 'Qi chromatography' function of supermolecular imprinting template in human body. In this paper, the research ideas, methods, variety attribution, processing principle, quality standard and clinical application were analyzed to find out the sticking point of the problems, and form the countermeasures with supramolecular chemistry as the core. The processing of TCM is a chemical technology of biological supramolecular body based on the function of supermolecular 'imprinting template' (medical element) of human meridian-viscera, and its reaction products (decoction pieces) showed determinacy when used alone and compatibility when used together, which may constitute a compatible drug delivery system of TCM in clinical application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237748

ABSTRACT

More and more disputes have happened to confront us continuously since the separation of Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower in Chinese Pharmacopoeia in 2005. The state pharmacopeia committee decided to separate Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower into two species for japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower, but didn't define their the convincing reasons still did not provide to us as a result that two medicines are not described the differences in natural properties, efficiency and indication, usage and dosage, as well as not given a resolving methodand specific solution. It was known for us that in the history of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the phenomenenphenomena of the "one drug from multi-species" and "one species for multi-drug" are very ordinary thingswere ubiquitous. Whether separation of the drug species are separated shall be decided to by clinical efficiency. Through Chinese pharmacopoeia (2015 edition) issue of Chinese Pharmacopoeia the 2015 issue of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, we still cannot find a scientific solution for the dispute of for Japanese (wild) honeysuckle flower, perhaps because of insufficient reorganization of TCM clinical medication regularities, such as "treatment of different diseases with same drug", " treatment of the same disease with different drugs" and "treatment of the same syndrome with multi-prescriptions", and "one prescription treating multiple syndromes"; lack of in-depth analysis for multi-component TCM compounds and autonomisation of "supermolecular template" for organs and meridians; less attention to the advance of efficacy and safety evaluation technologies for multi-component TCM compounds; impacts from the medication mode of "one ingredient-one composition-one effect"; as well as insufficient research methods for bioequivalent evaluation in preclinic and clinic studies . The dispute for species combination or separation for Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower was apparently caused by regional economy, drug biological equivalent of efficacy and safety, but arising from clinical principles for systematical syndrome treatment with TCM, or concepts in the treatment of diseases with TCM or western medicines. This paper focused on current studies on Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower in the combination with TCM clinical medication regularities, such as "treatment of different diseases with same drug", "treatment of the same disease with different drugs" and "treatment of the same syndrome with multi-prescriptions", and "one prescription treating multiple syndromes", expounded the specific pharmacological regularity of "heterogeneous equivalence" of Japanese (wild) honeysuckle flower, and put forward methods for studying bioequivalence of Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower, in order to solve the combination and separation of Japanese(wild) honeysuckle flower and lay a foundation for promoting the development of Chinese herbal medicine industry.

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