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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777474

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma australe by various column chromatographic techniques and HPLC method, and their chemical structures were identified through the combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Meanwhile, their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and anti-oxidative ability were evaluated. Seven compounds were isolated from G. australe and were identified as 6-methoxyl-cyclo-(Phe-Ile)(1), applanoxidic acid A methyl ester(2), ergosta-7,22 E-dien-3β-ol(3), cinnamic acid(4), 5α,8α-epidioxy-(20S,22E,24R)-ergosta-6,22-diene-3β-ol(5), 1-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanone(6), salicylic acid(7) and benzoic acid(8). Among the compounds, compound 1 was a new cyclic dipeptide. Compound 2 was a new lanosta natural product, and compounds 4, 6, 7 and 8 were obtained from G. australe for the first time. Moreover, compounds 4 and 8 exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with inhibition rates of 36.8% and 34.7%, and compounds 4, 7 and 8 had a certain activity in DPPH free radical scavenging activity with IC_(50) values of 0.168, 0.458 and 0.170 g·L~(-1), respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging rate of compound 1 was 41.1%.


Subject(s)
Free Radical Scavengers , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Ganoderma , Chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors , Molecular Structure
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852373

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents of sesquiterpenoids of agarwood from Aquilaria crassna. Methods Seven squiterpenoids were isolated and purified by various column chromatographic techniques and HPLC method. The structures of the compounds were identified through the combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. The acetylcholinesterase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of compounds were evaluated by Ellman colorimetric method and pNPG method, respectively. Results Seven compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract obtained from 95% aq. ethanol extract of agarwood from Aquilaria crassna and were identified as 2-[(2β,8β,8aα)-8,8a-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,6,7,8,8a-octahydro naphthalen-2-yl]-3- hydroxy-2-methoxpropanoic acid (1), 2-[(2β,8α,8aα)-8,8a-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,6,7,8,8a-octahydronaphthalen-2-yl] propane-1,2-diol (2), (1β,3α,4aβ,5β,8aα)-4,4a-dimethyl-6 (prop-1-en-2-yl) octahydronaphtha-lene-1,8a(1H)-diol (3), eremophila-9-en-8β,11-diol (4), eudesma-4-en-8,11-diol (5), eudesma-4-en-11,15-diol (6), and methyl-15-oxo-eudesmane-4,11 (13)-dien-12-oate (7). Moreover, compounds 1, 4 and 5 showed acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, and compound 5 exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.Conclusion Compound 1 is a new compound named as crasscid A, and compounds 1-3 and 7 are obtained from agarwood for the first time.

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