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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 115-121, 20211217. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357590

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La disección espontánea del tronco o arteria celíaca es una emergencia vascular abdominal inusual, con una incidencia desconocida. Actualmente no existen guías o consensos para su tratamiento, el cual va desde intervenciones vasculares mayores hasta la conducta expectante. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 42 años sin antecedentes patológicos, con dolor abdominal intenso de un mes de evolución. Ante la sospecha clínica de patología inflamatoria se realizó una tomografía computarizada abdominal con medio de contraste, en la que se observó una disección del tronco celíaco asociada a un infarto esplénico. Se realizó manejo endovascular de forma exitosa. Discusión. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología infrecuente, que puede presentarse en pacientes con hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo, enfermedad ateroesclerótica y vasculitis. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor abdominal asociado a náuseas y vómito. La sospecha clínica debe ser confirmada mediante estudios imagenológicos que orienten al tratamiento conservador, endovascular o quirúrgico, ante la sospecha de infarto intestinal o ruptura arterial. Conclusiones. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología vascular inusual que puede relacionarse con una alta mortalidad. Es importante tener siempre presente la interrelación entre la anatomía vascular abdominal, la anamnesis y el examen físico como elementos claves para realizar este diagnóstico.


Introduction. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery or trunk is an unusual abdominal vascular emergency, with an unknown incidence. Currently there are no guidelines or consensus for its treatment, which ranges from major vascular interventions to expectant management. Clinical case. A 42-year-old male patient with no medical history, with intense abdominal pain of one month of evolution. Given the clinical suspicion of inflammatory pathology, an abdominal computed tomography with contrast was performed, in which a dissection of the celiac trunk associated with a splenic infarction was observed. Endovascular management was performed successfully. Discussion. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an infrequent pathology, which can occur in patients with high blood pressure, smoking, atherosclerotic disease, and vasculitis. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Clinical suspicion must be confirmed by imaging studies that guide conservative, endovascular or surgical treatment in the event of suspected intestinal infarction or arterial rupture. Conclusions. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an unusual vascular pathology that can be associated with high mortality. It is important to always keep in mind the relationship between the abdominal vascular anatomy, anamnesis, and physical examination as key elements in making this diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Emergencies , Celiac Artery , Abdominal Cavity , Dissection
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(3): 325-328, July-Sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346427

ABSTRACT

Intestinal malrotation is a congenital anomaly caused by incomplete rotation or absence of rotation of the primitive intestine along the axis of the upper mesenteric artery during embryonic development. Embryonic development and its anatomical variations were described by Dott in 1923. Intestinal malrotation is a rare condition among adults - prevalent in a mere 0.0001% to 0.19% of the population -, and it may be associated with other anatomical deformities. It can be asymptomatic or manifest with varying intensity, from obstruction to necrosis of intestinal segments. In general, this abnormality is diagnosed in the first year of life; however, symptomsmay appear later in life,making diagnosis in adults difficult on account of non-specific symptoms. In the present study, we report a case of intestinal malrotation associated with chronic non-specific symptoms progressing to mesenteric angina. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Torsion Abnormality/complications , Torsion Abnormality/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Internal Hernia , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis
3.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(1): e304, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248850

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el tumor sólido pseudopapilar de páncreas (TSP) es un tumor poco frecuente de bajo potencial de malignidad que afecta principalmente a mujeres jóvenes. Objetivo: reportar una adolescente en quien se documentó un TSP. Caso clínico: paciente de 12 años de sexo femenino, en la cual se confirmó un TSP luego de presentar episodio de dolor abdominal intenso a nivel de hipocondrio izquierdo y vómitos. En su historial destacó la ausencia de antecedentes patológicos y un examen físico sin alteraciones. La resonancia nuclear magnética (RNM) identificó a nivel del sector caudal del páncreas una tumoración mixta sólido quística; por sus características se planteó que podría corresponder a un TSP. Se realizó su resección completa. La anatomía patológica confirmó el planteo diagnóstico. Conclusiones: debe ser considerado su diagnóstico en adolescentes de sexo femenino que presentan una tumoración pancreática e imagen compatible. La resección quirúrgica es el Gold Standard del manejo terapéutico.


Summary: Introduction: solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare low-level malignant tumor which mainly affects young women. Objective: report the case of an adolescent with a SPT. Clinical case: twelve-year old female adolescent diagnosed with a SPT after an episode of severe abdominal pain on the left hypochondriac region and vomiting. Her medical record did not show a pathological history nor were there findings in the physical examination. The MRI showed a mixed cystic and solid tumor in the caudal portion of the head of the pancreas, which was initially thought to be a SPT. A total surgical resection was performed and the anatomical pathology confirmed the diagnosis. Conclusions: SPT diagnosis should be considered in female adolescents who show a pancreatic tumor and compatible image. A total surgical resection is the Gold Standard regarding the SPT's therapeutic management.


Resumo: Introdução: o tumor sólido pseudopapilar do pâncreas (TSPP) é um tumor raro com baixo potencial de malignidade que afeta principalmente mulheres jovens. Objetivo: relatar o caso de uma adolescente diagnosticada com um TSPP. Caso clínico: paciente do sexo feminino, 12 anos de idade, confirmada com TSPP após apresentar episódio de dor abdominal intensa em quadrante superior esquerdo e vômitos. Em seu prontuário, destacou-se a ausência de antecedentes patológicos e um exame físico sem alterações. A ressonância magnética (RM) identificou um tumor cístico sólido misto no setor caudal do pâncreas que, por suas características, sugeriu-se que pudesse corresponder a um TSPP. Realizou-se sua ressecção completa. A anatomia patológica confirmou a abordagem diagnóstica. Conclusões: deve se considerar o diagnóstico de TSPP em adolescentes do sexo feminino que apresentam tumor pancreático e imagem compatível. A ressecção cirúrgica é o padrão ouro para o manejo terapêutico.

4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 257-262, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289306

ABSTRACT

Resumen El quiste mesentérico es una patología intraabdominal poco frecuente, en su mayoría benigna. El tratamiento casi siempre es quirúrgico y consiste en la resección del quiste y de los órganos involucrados siempre que sea posible con el fin de reducir la tasa de recurrencia. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 38 años con dolor abdominal inespecífico y diagnóstico ecográfico de masa retroperitoneal zona II izquierda gigante. Los estudios de extensión incluyeron tomografía axial computarizada, resonancia magnética y endoscopia de vías digestivas altas, cuyos hallazgos informaron una lesión quística gigante. Se realizó resección quirúrgica de la lesión por vía abierta, con diagnóstico histopatológico de quiste mesentérico.


Abstract A mesenteric cyst is a rare, mostly benign, intra-abdominal tumor. Treatment is almost always surgical and consists of removing the cyst and involved organs whenever possible to prevent recurrence. The following is the case of a 38-year-old patient with nonspecific abdominal pain and an ultrasound diagnosis of a giant retroperitoneal mass in the left medial paracolic gutter. The following imaging studies were performed: computed tomography, magnetic resonance, and endoscopy, finding a giant cystic lesion. An exploratory laparotomy was performed to remove the mass, and a histopathology report confirmed the diagnosis of mesenteric cyst.

5.
Iatreia ; 34(2): 116-123, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250062

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la tomografía abdominal sin medio de contraste oral en pacientes con dolor abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron tomografías de pacientes con dolor abdominal entre el 1 de septiembre y 31 de diciembre del 2015 en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. Se analizó el desempeño de las tomografías con o sin contraste oral y se consideró como prueba de referencia el resultado diagnóstico definitivo en la intervención quirúrgica o por diagnóstico clínico. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad y los valores predictivos positivos y negativos con intervalos de confianza del 95 %. Resultados: fueron evaluadas un total de 128 tomografías de abdomen, 91 con contraste oral y 37 sin él. La tomografía sin contraste oral tuvo una sensibilidad y especificidad muy similar a la que sí lo tenía, con valores de 84 % y 91,6 %, respectivamente. Conclusión: el rendimiento global de la tomografía con contraste oral fue similar a la que no lo tenía, con valores cercanos al 90 %. La adquisición de la tomografía con contraste oral tomó casi 3 veces más tiempo que el requerido en los estudios sin contraste oral.


SUMMARY Objective: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of abdominal tomography without oral contrast medium in patients with abdominal pain. Materials and methods: Abdominal tomographies of patients with abdominal pain were included, between September 1 and December 31, 2015 at the Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. For the analysis of the tomographies with or without oral contrast, the definitive diagnostic result in the surgical intervention or by clinical diagnosis was considered as a reference test. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values with their respective 95% confidence intervals for tomography with and without oral contrast. Results: 128 abdominal tomographies, 91 with oral contrast and 37 without this type of contrast were evaluated. The tomography without oral contrast had a sensitivity and specificity very similar to the tomography with contrast, with values of 84% and 91.6%, respectively. Conclusion: The performance of the tomography with oral contrast was similar to the tomography without oral contrast, with values close to 90%. The acquisition of tomography with oral contrast took almost 3 times longer than that required in the studies without oral contrast.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Contrast Media , Tomography
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 30-38, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251519

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la pancreatitis crónica (PC) es una inflamación progresiva del páncreas que puede llevar a su destrucción e insuficiencia irreversibles. Es una patología desafiante para el médico, debido a que establecer su diagnóstico puede tomar meses e incluso años, el seguimiento de pacientes suele ser problemático y el conocimiento sobre la clínica y epidemiología en Colombia es incompleto. Este estudio pretende hacer una descripción de pacientes con PC en un centro de referencia en gastroenterología de Cali, Colombia. Metodología: estudio de corte transversal de pacientes adultos con PC confirmada por criterios clínicos y radiológicos entre 2011 y 2017. Resultados: se incluyeron 36 pacientes con PC. La mayoría fueron hombres (72,2%) y la media de edad fue 56 (+ 15,1) años. El dolor abdominal crónico fue la presentación clínica más común (83,3%). Cerca de un cuarto de pacientes presentaba diabetes mellitus (22,2%). Se consideró etiología idiopática en 58,3%, alcohólica en el 11,0% y biliar en el 11,0%. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC), resonancia magnética (RMN) y colangiopancreatografía por RMN fueron los métodos diagnósticos más usados (60,5%), con los que en su mayoría se visualizó atrofia (53,1%), dilatación de conductos (49,0%) y calcificaciones del páncreas (34,7%). Conclusión: los síntomas inespecíficos de la PC en fases iniciales y su largo curso clínico favorecen al subdiagnóstico de esta patología. Los resultados presentados pueden contribuir a la futura creación de escalas clínicas locales que orienten estudios radiológicos y genéticos tempranos, con el fin de lograr un diagnóstico oportuno y mejorar la calidad de vida de estos pacientes.


Abstract Introduction: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive inflammation of the pancreas that can lead to irreversible damage and failure. This condition poses great challenges to physicians since its diagnosis can take months or even years. Patient follow-up is often problematic and knowledge about its clinical presentation and epidemiology in Colombia is scarce. This study aims to describe patients with CP treated at a gastroenterology reference center in Cali, Colombia. Methodology: Cross-sectional study in adult patients with CP confirmed based on clinical and radiological criteria between 2011 and 2017. Results: 36 patients with CP were included. The majority were men (72.2%), and the mean age was 56 (+15.1) years. Chronic abdominal pain was the most common clinical presentation (83.3%). About a quarter of patients had diabetes mellitus (22.2%). Etiology was idiopathic in 58.3%, alcoholic in 11.0%, and biliary in 11.0%. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and MRI cholangiopancreatography were the most commonly used diagnostic methods (60.5%), showing mostly atrophy (53.1%), duct dilation (49.0%), and pancreatic calcifications (34.7%). Conclusion: Nonspecific symptoms of CP in early stages and its long clinical course favor the underdiagnosis of this condition. The results presented may contribute to the future creation of local clinical scales that guide early radiological and genetic studies to achieve a timely diagnosis and improve the quality of life of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Epidemiology , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Patients , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography , Diagnosis , Forecasting , Hospitals
7.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 81-86, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251525

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda secundaria a la obstrucción de la papila mayor causada por la migración del balón interno es uno de los efectos secundarios poco frecuentes, pero potencialmente graves relacionados con el uso de gastrostomías endoscópicas percutáneas (PEG). Hasta ahora solo existen 15 casos reportados en el mundo, presentamos el que para nuestro conocimiento sería el caso número 16 en la literatura internacional.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis secondary to major papilla obstruction caused by intragastric balloon migration is one of the rare but potentially severe side effects associated with the use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). To date, there are only 15 cases reported worldwide. This article presents a case that, to the best of our knowledge, is the sixteenth case reported in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatitis , Gastrostomy , Literature
8.
Arch. med ; 21(1): 257-265, 2021/01/03.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148454

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio fue describir los casos de pacientes con dolor abdominal y diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19. En países de Latinoamérica la pandemia ha tenido un gran impacto por el alto índice de mortalidad. Ecuador es el quinto país más afectado en la región en número de casos confirmados con una tasa de 223 fallecidos por cada millón de habitantes, ubicándose en el primer lugar de letalidad. En la población pediátrica el comportamiento del COVID-19 sigue siendo inespecífico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo en el cual se incluyó a todos los pacientes menores de 18 años exceptuando neonatos, que ingresaron por dolor abdominal a un hospital pediátrico de la ciudad de Guayaquil entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2020 y obtuvieron diagnóstico confirmado COVID-19. Resultados: fueron incluidos 30 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 y dolor abdominal. La edad promedio fue 8,46 años a predomino del sexo masculino (70%). En la valoración del dolor 19 (63%) tuvieron un EVA moderado-severo y 11 (37%) EVA leve. 7 pacientes (23.33%) requirieron intervención quirúrgica, 21 (70%) necesitaron de unidad de cuidados críticos, y 1 (3.33%) falleció.Conclusiones: el dolor abdominal constituye un desafío diagnóstico en este tiempo de pandemia y debería ser considerado dentro de las posibles manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 en la población pediátrica..Au


Objective: the objective of this study was to describe the cases of paediatric patients with abdominal pain and confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. In Latin American countries the pandemic has had a major impact from the high mortality rate. Ecuador is the fifth most affected country with a rate of 223 deaths per million inhabitants, ranking at the top of the fatality. In the paediatric population, the behavior of COVID-19 remains nonspecific. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted, in which patients under the age of 18 were included except for newborns, admitted by abdominal pain and who obtained a confirmed diagnosis COVID-19. Results: 30 patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and abdominal pain were included. The average age was 8.46 years at the predomin of the male sex (70%). In the pain assessment 19 (63%) had a moderate-severe EVA and 11 (37%) Mild EVA. 7 (23.33%) required surgery, 21 (70%) needed a critical care unit, and 1 (3.33%) Died. Conclusions: abdominal pain is a diagnostic challenge in this time of pandemic and should be considered within the possible clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in the paediatric population..Au


Subject(s)
Child , Pediatrics , Abdominal Pain , Coronavirus Infections
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the occurrence regularity and influencing factor of acute moderate and severe abdominal pain after radiofrequency ablation (RFA).Methods:Cross-sectional study was used to collect patients with primary liver cancer treated by RFA from January 2019 to July 2020 in a hospital. The patients were divided into abdominal pain group ( n=35) and non -pain group ( n=133). The data of 2 groups was analyzed by univariate analysis. The statistically significant factors were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression analysis, and to explore the risk factors. Results:A total of 168 patients were enrolled in this study; Multiple liver tumors (the number of tumors≥3), lager focus diameters (diameter≥3cm) and a history of pain after RFA were independent predictors of acute moderate and severe abdominal pain ( χ2 values were 21.713, 17.454, 7.953, P<0.01). Conclusion:The incidence of acute moderate and severe abdominal pain after RFA is high. Evaluating risk factors can provide reference for postoperative pain management.

10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRW5498, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286289

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Angioedema attacks are common causes of emergency care, and due to the potential for severity, it is important that professionals who work in these services know their causes and management. The mechanisms involved in angioedema without urticaria may be histamine- or bradykinin-mediated. The most common causes of histamine-mediated angioedema are foods, medications, insect sting and idiopathic. When the mediator is bradykinin, the triggers are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and factors related to acquired angioedema with deficiency of C1-inhibitor or hereditary angioedema, which are less common, but very important because of the possibility of fatal outcome. Hereditary angioedema is a rare disease characterized by attacks of edema that affect the subcutaneous tissue and mucous membranes of various organs, manifesting mainly by angioedema and abdominal pain. This type of angioedema does not respond to the usual treatment with epinephrine, antihistamines and corticosteroids. Thus, if not identified and treated appropriately, these patients have an estimated risk of mortality from laryngeal edema of 25% to 40%. Hereditary angioedema treatment has changed dramatically in recent years with the development of new and efficient drugs for attack management: plasma-derived C1 inhibitor, recombinant human C1-inhibitor, bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist (icatibant), and the kallikrein inhibitor (ecallantide). In Brazil, plasma-derived C1 inhibitor and icatibant have already been approved for use. Proper management of these patients in the emergency department avoids unnecessary surgery and, especially, fatal outcomes.


RESUMO As crises de angioedema são causas comuns de atendimentos nas emergências, e devido ao potencial de gravidade, é importante que os profissionais que atuam nesses serviços conheçam suas causas e abordagem. Os mecanismos envolvidos no angioedema sem urticas podem ser histaminérgicos ou mediados por bradicinina. As causas mais comuns de angioedema mediado por histamina são alimentos, medicamentos, ferroada de insetos e idiopática. Quando o mediador é a bradicinina, os desencadeantes são os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina e fatores relacionados ao angioedema adquirido com deficiência do inibidor de C1 ou angioedema hereditário que são menos comuns, mas muito importantes pela possibilidade de desfecho fatal. O angioedema hereditário é uma doença rara, caracterizada por crises de edema que acometem o tecido subcutâneo e mucosas de vários órgãos, manifestando-se principalmente por crises de angioedema e dor abdominal. Esse tipo de angioedema não responde ao tratamento usual com adrenalina, anti-histamínicos e corticosteroides. Assim, se não identificados e tratados adequadamente, esses pacientes têm risco de morte por edema de laringe estimado em 25% a 40%. O tratamento do angioedema hereditário mudou drasticamente nos últimos anos, com o desenvolvimento de novos e eficientes fármacos para as crises: inibidor de C1 derivado de plasma, inibidor de C1 recombinante humano, antagonista do receptor B2 da bradicinina (icatibanto) e o inibidor da calicreína (ecalantide). No Brasil, até o momento, estão liberados para uso o inibidor de C1 derivado de plasma e o icatibanto. O manejo correto desses pacientes na emergência evita cirurgias desnecessárias e, principalmente, desfechos fatais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioedemas, Hereditary/diagnosis , Angioedemas, Hereditary/drug therapy , Angioedema/diagnosis , Angioedema/drug therapy , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Emergency Service, Hospital
11.
Pediátr. Panamá ; 49(3): 91-93, December 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177157

ABSTRACT

Desde la aparición de los primeros casos por Síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV 2) surge el desafío de comprender su amplio espectro clínico de síntomas y secuelas, siendo una prioridad para el sistema de salud. Los síntomas más frecuentes son fiebre, tos, mialgia y dificultad respiratorio. Sin embargo, se ha descrito que el SARS-CoV 2 puede presentarse con síntomas gastrointestinales. Entre ellos hiporexia, náuseas, vómitos, diarrea, aumento de transaminasas y pancreatitis. Presentamos una serie de 3 casos consecutivos de pancreatitis aguda por COVID-19 en pacientes pediátricos , en el período de agosto-noviembre de 2020, en un hospital de referencia de tercer nivel (Hospital Materno Infantil José Domingo De Obaldía)


Since the appearance of the first cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV 2), the challenge arises to understand its wide clinical spectrum of symptoms and sequelae, being a priority for the health system. The most common symptoms are fever, cough, myalgia, and shortness of breath. However, it has been reported that SARS-CoV 2 can present with gastrointestinal symptoms. These include hyporexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, increased transaminases, and pancreatitis. We present a series of 3 consecutive cases of acute pancreatitis due to COVID-19 in pediatric patients, in the period August-November 2020, in a third-level referral hospital (Hospital Materno Infantil José Domingo De Obaldía)

12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 537-541, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156337

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de áscaris de la vía biliar (AB), cuya manifestación clínica fue ictericia obstructiva, acompañada de dolor abdominal causado por un cuadro de pancreatitis aguda. Inicialmente, se sospechó de etiología litiásica, por lo cual se realizaron estudios de imágenes diagnósticas y se evidenció la presencia de AB como hallazgo incidental, diagnosticado por ultrasonografía endoscópica biliopancreática (UEB), que fue confirmado y tratado mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE).


Abstract The following is a case of biliary ascariasis (BA), whose clinical presentation was obstructive jaundice, accompanied by abdominal pain due to acute pancreatitis. At first, clinical suspicion led to consider a stone etiology, for which diagnostic imaging studies were performed, evidencing BA as an incidental finding diagnosed by endoscopic biliopancreatic ultrasonography (EBU), which was confirmed and treated using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ascaris , Bile Ducts , Ultrasonography , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pancreatitis , Abdominal Pain , Jaundice, Obstructive , Literature
13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 338-344, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138791

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de intestino irritable se caracteriza por la existencia de dolor abdominal relacionado con cambios en el ritmo evacuatorio. A pesar de los avances en el conocimiento de su fisiopatología y de la aparición de nuevas formas terapéuticas, los antiespasmódicos se han mantenido en el tiempo como una forma efectiva para el manejo de los síntomas de este síndrome, en especial para el dolor. Así pues, el propósito de esta revisión es la búsqueda de evidencia científica que soporte el uso de antiespasmódicos en el manejo de los síntomas del síndrome de intestino irritable.


Abstract Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder characterized by abdominal pain related to changes in bowel movements. Despite the progress made in the knowledge of its pathophysiology and the emergence of new therapeutic forms, antispasmodics have remained over time as an effective way to treat symptoms, especially pain. The purpose of this review is to search for scientific evidence on the use of antispasmodics in the treatment of irritable bowel symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Pain , Abdominal Pain
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 584-588, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chylous ascites is the pathologic accumulation of chylous fluid in the peritoneal cavity, caused by lymphomas, metastatic malignancies, and abdominal surgeries, rarely due to surgical trauma of the cisterna chyli or its major branches. A 24-year-old man with history of Marfan syndrome presented to our hospital with abdominal distention, abdominal pain, fluid in the incision region, and weakness. He had underwent an elective open aneurysm repair surgery nine days before for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Computed tomography revealed massive fluid collection in the abdominal cavity, which was drained surgically. He was diagnosed with chylous ascites and was discharged after conservative treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Chylous Ascites/etiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/etiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Marfan Syndrome/surgery , Marfan Syndrome/complications , Drainage , Elective Surgical Procedures
15.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 22(2): 120-130, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124841

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: La invaginación intestinal como causa de dolor abdominal es un motivo infrecuente de consulta en la edad adulta. Una lesión orgánica es la causante en el 90 % de los casos. Pueden ser lesiones malignas o benignas, y entre estas últimas se mencionan los lipomas de intestino delgado. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una paciente con invaginación intestinal secundaria a pólipo mesenquimatoso. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 47 años de edad, con antecedentes de dolor abdominal recurrente hacia fosa ilíaca derecha y cambios intermitentes en el hábito intestinal. En los estudios de imagen realizados se le diagnosticó una invaginación de intestino delgado, la cual se corroboró en el acto quirúrgico y mediante anatomía patológica que informó un pólipo mesenquimatoso (fibrolipoma) como causante. Conclusiones: La invaginación intestinal, aunque infrecuente, puede ser la forma de presentación de dolor abdominal recurrente en el adulto.


ABSTRACT Background: Intestinal invagination as a cause of abdominal pain is an infrequent reason for consultation in adulthood. An organic injury is the cause in 90 % of cases. They can be malignant or benign lesions, and among the latter, lipomas of the small intestine are mentioned. Objective: To present the case of a patient with intestinal invagination secondary to a mesenchymal polyp. Case presentation: A 47-year-old female patient with a history of recurrent abdominal pain towards the right iliac fossa and intermittent changes in bowel habit. In the imaging studies, an invagination of the small intestine was diagnosed which was corroborated in the surgical act and by pathological anatomy that reported a mesenchymal polyp (fibrolipoma) as the cause. Conclusion: Intestinal invagination, although infrequent, may be the form of presentation of recurrent abdominal pain in adults.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Intestinal Polyps/pathology , Intussusception/surgery , Adult , Ileal Neoplasms/surgery
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207887

ABSTRACT

Ovarian torsion results from twisting of the ovary about the suspensory ligament, which contains the ovarian artery and vein, lymphatic’s, and nerves. Volvulus is a torsion of a segment of the alimentary tract, that often leads to intestinal obstruction. Ovarian torsion leading to sigmoid volvulus is the rarest complication which authors found in this case. Hence the case was presented. A 28-year-old women presented with acute pain in abdomen since 14 hours, followed by 2 episodes of vomiting, abdominal distension since 10 hours. Plain X-ray Abdomen erect was done which showed ‘Coffee bean’ sign with multiple air fluid levels suggestive of sigmoid volvulus. On laparotomy, after opening the peritoneum, large right ovarian cyst around 12×11×10 cm with solid and haemorrhagic content with long pedicle around 8 cm with 3 turns of torsion was noted. Abutting the ovarian mass, sigmoid colon was seen twisted around its mesentery including the twisted ovarian pedicle. Hence, the twisted component included the twisted ovarian pedicle and twisted sigmoid mesentery. Stepwise detorsion of ovarian pedicle followed by oophorectomy was done. For sigmoid volvulus, resection of vascular compromised sigmoid colon and descending colon stoma was done. Reanastomosis was done later after 3 months post operatively.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212962

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute pancreatitis is a pestilent disease with severity ranging from mild and self-limiting to a rapidly progressive illness leading to multi organ failure. Mild acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas with minimal remote organ involvement. Since the disturbance in the homeostasis is minimal, the treatment aims at supporting the native reparative processes of the body. One of the main supportive mechanisms is adequate nutritional supplementation. Gut barrier damage in the early phase of acute pancreatitis accounts for the bacterial translocation, initiation of sepsis, infected pancreatic necrosis and SIRS. Aim of the study was to determine the feasibility, advantages and disadvantages of early enteral nutrition in mild acute pancreatitis.Methods: 40 patients taken consecutively from units which start enteral feeds before 48 hours (study group) were compared against 40 patients taken consecutively from units where patients will be kept fasting for 48 hours (control group) to determine whether early enteral feeding is better in determining the recovery in terms of duration of hospital stay, reduction in abdominal symptoms and use of analgesics.Results: There was significant reduction in the duration of hospital stay (p=0.011), intensity and duration of abdominal pain, need for analgesics, and risk of oral food intolerance in the study group.Conclusions: Patients with mild acute pancreatitis can safely be started on early enteral feeds. It reduces gastro intestinal adverse effects, abdominal pain and need for analgesics and improves oral food tolerance causing shorter hospital stay.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209451

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chronic abdominal pain which is difficult to diagnose initially not only encumbers the patient but it also affectstheir daily routine, leading to physical and psychological disability, here comes the role of diagnostic laparoscopy which provesto be beneficial aiding in diagnosing most of these cases. Hence, the aim was to evaluate the diagnostic value of laparoscopyin cases with chronic abdominal pain.Materials and Methods: This study was done in the Department of General Surgery at Indira Gandhi Institute of Medicalsciences, Patna, Bihar, from July 2019 to March 2020 in 40 patients. Prior Institutional Ethical Committee approval was alsoobtained for this study.Results: Out of 40 patients included in this study, maximum number of patients were females. Male-to-female ratio was 1:1.4.The maximum number of patients were in the age group of 21–40 years (60%). Maximum patients 45% (n = 18) had complaintof pain in the right lower quadrant of abdomen. The most common finding during diagnostic laparoscopy was found to bepathology in the appendix accounting for 27.5% of cases (11/40).Conclusion: Diagnostic laparoscopy is a safe and effective tool to establish the etiology of chronic abdominal pain and allowsfor appropriate interventions. It can serve as a time saving and cost-effective implement for these patients.

19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(2): 216-219, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126311

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hemorragia digestiva alta se define como el sangrado originado en el tracto digestivo superior, proximalmente al ángulo de Treitz, y constituye la urgencia gastroenterológica más importante. Tiene una incidencia que varía, según el área estudiada, entre 48 y 160 casos por 100 000 habitantes y año. Aunque puede ser causada por numerosas etiologías, no debemos olvidar aquellas menos comunes, ya que pueden condicionar una alta mortalidad, como es el caso de la rotura de un aneurisma de la arteria hepática. A continuación, mostramos un caso representativo.


Abstract Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as bleeding originating in the upper digestive tract proximal to the Treitz angle and is the most important gastroenterological emergency. Its incidence varies, depending on the area studied, between 48 and 160 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Although it can be caused by numerous etiologies, we must not forget the less common ones such as a ruptured hepatic artery aneurysm since they can condition high mortality. We present a representative case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rupture , Abdominal Pain , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hemorrhage , Hepatic Artery , Aneurysm
20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207811

ABSTRACT

Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency, can result in ovarian loss, intra-abdominal infection and even death. Paediatric ovarian torsion is a rare condition, requires high clinical suspicion and prompt diagnosis. Diagnosis is a challenge since signs and symptoms are similar to those of other causes of acute abdominal pain such as appendicitis, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infection, renal colic or other conditions of acute abdominal and pelvic pain. Here, authors describe a case of a 4-year-old girl with a presentation of acute abdominal pain, treated empirically elsewhere. After investigations, a provisional diagnosis of ovarian torsion was made and patient was taken up for surgery. Intraoperatively, ovary was found to be necrosed. Detorsion was tried but ovary was unsalvageable. Right sided salpingectomy with oophorectomy was performed. Conservative surgery by laparoscopic detorsion can be tried in cases of ischemia but if necrosis has already set in, then salpingo-oophorectomy has to be performed.

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