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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907057

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To establish a headspace-gas chromatography ( HS-GC ) method for the determination of acetone and butanone, the biomarkers of occupational exposure to isopropanol and butanone, in urine of occupational populations. @*Methods @#Urine samples at 5.0 mL were transferred to a headspace bottle, added with 2.0 g anhydrous sodium sulfate, sealed immediately, and placed in a headspace sampler-gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer. Following heating at 60 ℃ for 30 min, 0.5 mL urine samples were injected and separated with the DB-FFAP capillary chromatographic column, and determined with the flame ionization detector. In addition, the retention time and peak area were determined. @*Results @#The peak area appeared a linear relationship with mass concentrations of acetone at 0.16-80 mg/L and butanone at 0.03-16 mg/L (correlation coefficient, 0.999 9), with detection limits of 0.009 and 0.004 mg/L, quantitation limits of 0.03 and 0.02 mg/L, respectively. The mean recovery rates of spiked samples were 93.67%-99.37% and 91.18%-94.41% for low, medium and high concentrations of acetone and butanone, and the relative standard deviations of 1.53%-3.69% and 2.54%-6.58%, respectively. @*Conclusion @#A highly sensitive and repeatable HS-GC method is successfully established for simultaneous determination of acetone and butanone in urine samples by optimizing sample pretreatment and separation, which is feasible for qualitative and quantitative analyses of acetone and butanone in urine.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940673

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIn order to find a fast odor-based method for the identification of sulfur fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma, an ultra-fast gas phase electronic nose technology was used to identify the odors of different degrees of sulfur fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces. MethodHeracles NEO ultra-fast gas phase electronic nose was employed to collect gas chromatograms of unsulfured and sulfured with different degrees of Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces, gas chromatograms were performed under programmed temperature (initial temperature of 40 ℃, 0.2 ℃·s-1 to 60 ℃, and then 4 ℃·s-1 to 250 ℃), the sample volume was 5 mL, the incubation temperature was 65 ℃ and incubation time was 35 min. Kovats retention index and the AroChemBase database were used for qualitative analysis, and stoichiometric analysis was performed on this basis. Principal component analysis (PCA), discriminant factor analysis (DFA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models were established to identify the Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces with different degrees of sulfur fumigation. ResultAccording to the comparative analysis of AroChemBase database, there were significant differences in the odor characteristics of sulfur fumigated and non-sulfur fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma, cyclopentane, acetone and heptane might be the odor components to distinguish the degree of sulfur fumigation in Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces. The identification index of PCA model was 81, the accumulative discriminant index of the discriminating factors was 92.09% in DFA model, the supervisory model interpretation rate of PLS-DA model was 0.963 and the predictive ability parameter was 0.956, indicating that PCA, DFA and PLS-DA models could well distinguish Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces with different sulfur fumigation degrees. ConclusionHeracles NEO ultra-fast gas phase electronic nose can be used as a rapid method to identify and distinguish Gastrodiae Rhizoma decoction pieces with different levels of sulfur fumigation. Meanwhile, it can provide a rapid, simple and green method and technology for identification of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces by sulfur fumigation.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 657-661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922871

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local application of triamcinolone acetonide combined with mouse nerve growth factor in the treatment of infraorbital nerve injury after infraorbital wall fracture.METHODS: Forty-three patients(43 eyes)with infraorbital wall fractures who underwent infraorbital wall fracture revision from April 2020 to February 2021 at the Affiliated Eye Hospital of Nanchang University were prospectively analyzed. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, in which 20 patients(20 eyes)in the experimental group had gelatin sponges infiltrated with triamcinolone acetonide and mouse nerve growth factor placed on the nerve injury intraoperatively; 23 patients(23 eyes)in the control group had no special treatment intraoperatively. At 6mo postoperative follow-up, the results of quantitative sensory testing(two-point localization, nociception, and touch)were compared between the affected and healthy lower lid areas, and the results were reported in an asymmetry index(AI).RESULTS: Baseline results showed no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, time of injury, and preoperative sensory testing between the two groups(all <i>P</i>>0.05). The AI values of two-point localization sensation, tactile sensation, and pain sensation in both groups were higher at 1wk after surgery than before surgery(all <i>P</i><0.05), and the symptoms of sensory impairment were aggravated, with different degrees of improvement at 1mo after surgery and statistically significant differences in pain sensation at 3mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), and two-point localization sensation, tactile sensation, and pain sensation were significantly improved at 6mo after surgery than before treatment(all <i>P</i><0.01). At 1mo after surgery, the differences in two-point localization sensation and pain sensation in the test group were statistically significant compared with the control group(<i>t</i>=-2.082,-2.143; <i>P</i>=0.044, 0.038). At 3mo after surgery, there was a statistically significant difference in nociception in the test group compared to the control group(<i>t</i>=-2.118, <i>P</i>=0.04). At 6mo after surgery, there was no statistically significant difference in quantitative sensory testing between the two groups(<i>P </i>>0.05).CONCLUSION: Local application of triamcinolone acetonide combined with mouse nerve growth factor for the treatment of infraorbital nerve injury after infraorbital wall fracture was effective in early internal recovery and superior to the group without special intraoperative treatment.

4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(6): 575-597, nov. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369745

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the antibacterial potential of Euphorbia hirtawhole plant extracts, honey and conventional antibiotics and their synergistic effects against selected multidrug resistant and typed bacterial strains associated with otitis media. E. hirtawhole plant extract was purified using column chromatography technique. The antibacterial assays of extracts were done using standard microbiological procedures. Protein, sodium and potassium ion leakage of the synergistic mixtures was determined using flame-photometry. At 100 mg/ml, acetone extracts presented highest inhibition against S. aureus (NCTC 6571) with 32 ± 0.83 mm zone of inhibition. The fractional inhibitory concentration indices displayed higher synergism in combination of plant extract, honey and ciprofloxacin against P. mirabilisat 0.02 compared to drug combination synergy standard (≤ 0.5). This work revealed augmentation of ciprofloxacin potency when combined with purified E. hirta acetone extract and honey and implies their high potential in the treatment of multidrug resistant infectionof otitis media.


Este estudio investigó el potencial antibacteriano de extractos de plantas enteras de Euphorbia hirta, miel y antibióticos convencionales y sus efectos sinérgicos contra cepas bacterianas seleccionadas multirresistentes y tipificadas asociadas con la otitis media. El extracto de la planta entera de E. hirtase purificó usando la técnica de cromatografía en columna. Los ensayos antibacterianos de extractos se realizaron utilizando procedimientos microbiológicos estándar. La fuga de iones de proteínas, sodio y potasio de las mezclas sinérgicas se determinó mediante fotometría de llama. A 100 mg/ml, los extractos de acetona presentaron la mayor inhibición contra S. aureus (NCTC 6571) con una zona de inhibición de 32 ± 0,83 mm. Los índices de concentración inhibitoria fraccional mostraron un mayor sinergismo en combinación de extracto de planta, miel y ciprofloxacina contra P. mirabilisa 0,02 en comparación con el estándar de sinergia de combinación de fármacos (≤ 0,5). Este trabajo reveló un aumento de la potencia de la ciprofloxacina cuando se combina con extracto de acetona purificado de E. hirtay miel e implica sualto potencial en el tratamiento de infecciones de otitis media resistentes a múltiples fármacos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otitis Media/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Euphorbia/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Proteus mirabilis/drug effects , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Terpenes/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Ciprofloxacin/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Flame Emission Photometry , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Synergism , Glycosides/analysis , Honey , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
5.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 16(1): 88-99, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155060

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El presente estudio tiene como objetivo determinar el comportamiento de algunos indicadores bioquímicos en la orina de atletas femeninas de sable, de edad juvenil, después de una sesión de entrenamiento, entre los que se destacan el pH (reacción), la glucosa, la albúmina y uno de los tres cuerpos cetónicos (la acetona). La muestra estuvo representada por siete atletas de sable femenino, pertenecientes a La Academia provincial de esgrima, categoría juvenil, con una edad promedio de 16 años y dos de experiencia. El estadígrafo utilizado para las comparaciones fue la media. La determinación del pH, cuantitativamente en la orina, fue a través del papel del pH. La determinación de la glucosa se realizó a través del método del reactivo Benedict. La albúmina se determinó en la orina, a través del método del ácido sulfosalicílico. Y la determinación de la acetona fue mediante el método de Imbert. La motivación para la investigación se debe a la incorporación del sable femenino en la esgrima contemporánea, lo que estudia las características y rendimiento del sexo femenino en el sable, arma bien rápida y fuerte. Los resultados demuestran cómo la carga aplicada durante una sesión de entrenamiento de un microciclo seleccionado de la preparación especial provocó variaciones en la mayoría de los indicadores, demostrando la aparición de un estado de acidosis en la orina, como consecuencia del trabajo realizado. Y se constató, además, la utilidad en la determinación de la albúmina para caracterizar la intensidad de la carga física.


RESUMO O presente estudo visa determinar o comportamento de alguns indicadores bioquímicos na urina de atletas do sabre feminino, de idade juvenil, após uma sessão de treino, entre os quais se destacam o pH (reação), glicose, albumina e um dos três corpos cetónicos (acetona). A amostra foi representada por sete atletas do sabre feminino, pertencentes à academia de esgrima provincial, categoria juvenil, com uma idade média de 16 anos e dois anos de experiência. A estatística utilizada para as comparações foi a média. A determinação do pH, quantitativamente na urina, foi feita através do papel de pH. A glicose foi determinada utilizando o método do reagente de Benedict. A albumina foi determinada na urina, através do método do ácido sulfosalicílico. E a acetona foi determinada pelo método de Imbert. A motivação para a investigação deve-se à incorporação do sabre feminino na esgrima contemporânea, que estuda as características e o desempenho do sexo feminino no sabre, uma arma muito rápida e forte. Os resultados mostram como a carga aplicada durante uma sessão de treino de um microciclo selecionado da preparação especial causou variações na maioria dos indicadores, demonstrando o aparecimento de um estado de acidose na urina, como consequência do trabalho realizado. Foi também confirmada a utilidade da determinação da albumina para caracterizar a intensidade da carga física.


ABSTRACT The present study aims to determine the behavior of some biochemical indicators in the urine of female sabre athletes, of juvenile age, after a training session, among which pH (reaction), glucose, albumin and one of the three ketone bodies (acetone) stand out. The sample was represented by seven female sabre athletes, belonging to the provincial fencing academy, youth category, with an average age of 16 years and two years of experience. The statistic used for comparisons was the mean. The determination of pH, quantitatively in urine, was through pH paper. Glucose was determined by the Benedict's reagent method. Albumin was determined in urine, through the sulfosalicylic acid method. In addition, acetone was determined by Imbert's method. The motivation for the research is due to the incorporation of the female sabre in contemporary fencing, which studies the characteristics and performance of the female sex in the sabre, a very fast and strong weapon. The results show how the load applied during a training session of a selected microcycle of the special preparation caused variations in most of the indicators, demonstrating the appearance of a state of acidosis in the urine, as a consequence of the work performed. The usefulness of the determination of albumin to characterize the intensity of the physical load was also confirmed.

6.
Rev. colomb. quím. (Bogotá) ; 49(1): 33-39, Jan.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098957

ABSTRACT

Abstract The use of organic as nonlinear optical materials has been intensively explored in the recent years due to the ease of manipulation of the molecular structure and the synthetic flexibility regarding the change of substituent groups. In the present work, the linear and nonlinear properties of two chalcones derivatives (E)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (4MP3P) and (E)-1-(4-Nitrophenyl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (4NP3P), that differ by the substituent position at the phenyl ring, were studied in the presence of protic and aprotic solvents simulated by the Polarizable Continuum Model (PCM) at DFT/B3LYP/6-311+G(d) level. The static and dynamic (1064 nm) molecular parameters as the dipole moment, linear polarizability, first and second hyperpolarizabilities were studied as function of the solvent dielectric constant value. The geometrical behavior as the chemical bond angles, torsion angles, and partial charges distribution of the compounds were studied, including calculations of gap energies in various solvents. The obtained results revealed that the substituent change of CH3 (4MP3P) to NO2 (4NP3P) benefits the nonlinear optical properties of the compounds in the presence of the solvent media, the absolute values of the parallel first hyperpolarizability were the ones that present the greater variation.


Resumen El uso de materiales orgánicos como materiales ópticos no lineales se ha explorado intensamente en los últimos años, debido a la facilidad de manipulación de estas estructuras moleculares y la flexibilidad de síntesis en relación con el cambio de grupos sustituyentes. En el presente trabajo, las propiedades lineales y no lineales de dos derivados de chalcona (E)-1-(4-metilfenil)-3-fenilprop-2-en-1-ona (4MP3P) y (E)-1-(4-nitrofenil)-3-fenilprop-2-en-1-ona (4NP3P), los cuales difieren en la posición del sustituyente en el anillo de fenilo, se estudiaron en presencia de disolventes próticos y apróticos simulados por el Modelo Continuo Polarizable a nivel DFT/B3LYP/6-311+G(d). Además, se estudiaron parámetros moleculares estáticos y dinámicos (1064 nm) como el momento dipolar, la polarización lineal y la primera y la segunda hiperpolarización en función del valor constante dieléctrico del disolvente. El comportamiento geométrico se estudió como ángulos de enlace químico, ángulos de torsión y distribución de carga parcial de compuestos, incluidos los cálculos de energía de huecos en varios solventes. Los resultados mostraron que el cambio del sustituyente CH3 (4MP3P) a NO2 (4NP3P) beneficia las propiedades ópticas no lineales de los compuestos en presencia del medio solvente, los valores absolutos de la primera hiperpolarizabilidad paralela fueron los que presentaron la mayor variación.


Resumo O uso de materiais orgânicos como materiais ópticos não lineares tem sido intensamente explorado nos últimos anos, devido à facilidade de manipulação dessas estruturas moleculares e à flexibilidade de síntese em relação à mudança de grupos substituintes. No presente trabalho, as propriedades lineares e não lineares de dois derivados de chalconas (E)-1-(4-metilfenil)-3-fenilprop-2-en-1-ona (4MP3P) e (E)-1-(4-nitrofenil)-3-fenilprop-2-en-1-ona (4NP3P), que diferem pela posição do substituinte no anel fenil, foram estudados na presença de solventes próticos e apróticos simulados pelo Modelo Continuo Polarizável (PCM) no nível DFT/B3LYP/6-311+G(d). Os parâmetros moleculares estáticos e dinâmicos (1064 nm) como momento dipolar, polarizabilidade linear, primeira e segunda hiperpolarizabilidades foram estudados em função do valor da constante dielétrica do solvente. Estudou-se o comportamento geométrico como ângulos de ligação química, ângulos de torção e distribuição parcial de cargas dos compostos, incluindo cálculos de energias de gap em vários solventes. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que a mudança do substituinte de CH3 (4MP3P) para NO2 (4NP3P) beneficia as propriedades ópticas não lineares dos compostos na presença do meio solvente, os valores absolutos da primeira hiperpolarizabilidade paralela foram os que apresentaram a maior variação.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the difference of volatile specific odor components of Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR) processed by different methods such as yellow wine washing, dipping and firing, so as to provide research ideas for establishing the identification methods of different processed products of ASR and further study the mechanism of ASR traditional methods. Methods: Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) was used to detect and compare the volatile components of ASR samples washed with different concentrations and processed by different methods, and compare the composition changes. PCA, partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the differences in volatile components combined with SIMCA 14.1 software. Results: GC-IMS fingerprints showed that the volatile components of ASR at different concentrations were different. It was identified that the volatile components included 55 monomers and dimers and polymers of some substances. 2-Octanol, E-2-heptan aldehydes, acetone, 2-pentanone and 5-methyl-2-furan methanol could be used as the characteristic volatile substances of yellow wine washing of ASR. Ethyl acetate, 3-methyl-1-pentanol, 2-hexanol and ethyl 2-methylbutyrate could be used as characteristic flavor substances of yellow wine dipping of ASR. Furfural dimer, 3-methylbutanol and benzaldehyde could be used as characteristic volatile substances of yellow wine firing of ASR. The results of PCA showed that the resolution of each group of samples was good. PLS-DA analysis showed that 2-undecenal, 2-butanone, and acetone were different components with different concentrations yellow wine washing of ASR samples. OPLS-DA analysis showed that 2-undecenal, ethyl octanoate, dimer and acetone were the main components of ASR samples processed by different methods. Conclusion: The GC-IMS technology combined with stoichiometry proved that the volatile components of ASR processed by yellow wine washing, dipping and firing were different, which provided a reference for further research on traditional processing methods in classical prescription.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2706-2712, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the fingerprint of ethanol extract and acetone extract from Anemarrhena asphodeloides and its different processed products ,and to investigate the spectrum-effect relationship between the fingerprint and the antioxidant activity. METHODS :HPLC method and HPLC-ELSD method were adopted. The determination was performed on Thermo BDS Hypersil C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.2% acetic acid at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃,and the detection wavelength was set at 258 nm. The sample size was 10 μL. The determination was performed on XDB-C 18 columnwith mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% acetic acid (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.9 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃ . The temperature of atomizer was 40 ℃ and the flow rare of N 2 was 1.6 mL/min. The sample size was 10 μL. Using mangiferin and timosaponin B Ⅱ as reference ,Fingerprint Similarity Eva- com luation System of TCM Chromatogram (2004A edition )was adopted to draw the fingerprint of ethanol extract and acetoneextract from 20 batches of A. asphodeloides and its different processed products to confirm common peaks. Using scave nging rate of 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine(DPPH)radical as index,antioxidant activities of ethanol extract and acetone extract from 20 batches of A. asphodeloides and its processed products were investigated. Using scavenging rate of DPPH radical as dependent variable ,common peak area as independent variable ,PLSR was used to analyze the spectrum-effect relationship of ethanol extract and acetone extract from A. asphodeloides with antioxidantion activity. RESULTS :Eight peaks (M1-M8)were identified in the fingerprints of ethanol extracts from 20 batches of processed A. asphodeloides . Mangiferin (chromatogram peak M 7)was identified with similarity of 0.389-1.000;seven comon peaks (S1-S7)and timosaponin B Ⅱ(peak S 5)were identified in the fingerprint of acetone extract ,and the similarity was 0.044-0.999. DPPH radical scavenging rate of ethanol extract from 20 batches of A. asphodeloides and its processed products was 21.23%- 81.39%,and A. asphodeloides was significantly lower than salt-processed A. asphodeloides with salt wine-processed A. asphodeloides (P<0.001);and that of acetone extract was 49.73%-83.78%,and A. asphodeloides was significantly higher than stir-baked A. asphodeloides with salt ,wine or fire (P<0.001). The standardized regression coefficients of peaks M 2-M7 in the spectrum of ethanol extract from A. asphodeloides were all greater than 0,which was positively correlated with antioxidant activity. Only the variable importance projection (VIP)value of peak M 7 was greater than 1,which had an important contribution. The standardized regression coefficients of peaks S 4-S7 in the acetone extract spectrum of A. asphodeloides were greater than 0,and were positively correlated with antioxidant activity. The order of VIP values was peak S 5>S6>S4,and the VIP values were all greater than 1. CONCLUSIONS:The fingerprint of the different processed products A. asphodeloides and its antioxidant activity spectral effect relationship were successfully established ;mangiferin(peak M 7)may be the main antioxidant substance of ethanol extract from A. asphodeloides . Timosaponin B Ⅱ(peak S 5),peak S 6 and peak S 4 may be the main antioxidant substance in acetone extract from A. asphodeloides .

9.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 42: 16-22, Nov. 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087350

ABSTRACT

Background: Fuels and chemicals from renewable feedstocks have a growing demand, and acetone, butanol and ethanol (ABE) are some relevant examples. These molecules can be produced by the bacterial fermentation process using hydrolysates generated from lignocellulosic biomass as sugarcane bagasse, one of the most abundant sources of lignocellulosic biomass in Brazil. It originates as a residue in mills and distilleries in the production of sugar and ethanol. Results: In the present work, two strategies to generate hydrolysates of sugarcane bagasse were adopted. The fermentation of the first hydrolysate by Clostridium acetobutylicum DSM 6228 resulted in final concentrations of butanol, acetone and ethanol of 6.4, 4.5 and 0.6 g/L, respectively. On the other hand, the second hydrolysate presented better results (averages of 9.1, 5.5 and 0.8 g/L, respectively), even without the need for nutrient supplementation, since key elements were already present in the medium. The productivity (QP) and yield (YP/S) of the solvents with second hydrolysate were 0.5 g/L•h-1 and 0.4 g/g, respectively. Conclusions: The results described herein open new perspectives for the production of important molecules from residual lignocellulosic biomass for the fuel and chemical industries within the context of second-generation biorefinery.


Subject(s)
Acetone/metabolism , Cellulose/metabolism , Saccharum/metabolism , Ethanol/metabolism , Butanols/metabolism , Brazil , Cellulose/chemistry , Saccharum/chemistry , Clostridium acetobutylicum/metabolism , Biofuels , Fermentation
10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185437

ABSTRACT

Chromatography can be described as a mass transfer process involving adsorption using a nonpolar stationary phase and a mobile polar phase titrating through the column. The active component of the column, the sorbent or the stationary phase , is typically a granular material made of solid particles (e.g. silica, polymers, etc.,). The component of the sample mixture are separated from each other by means of mobile phase and different degrees of interaction with the sorbent particles based on their relative polarity. In the present study we have extracted piperine from grounded pepper using different chemicals such as petroleum ether, acetone and methanol. Petroleum ether extraction showed higher piperine content of 9.12% than methanol and acetone 3.15% and 3.37% respectively.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851449

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out the key chemical constituents and target protein of essential oil of Desmodium styracifolium for its anti-inflammatory effect. Methods Steam distillation method was used to extract the volatile oils from D. styraci folium, and its chemical constituents were identified by GC-MS, and the relative content of chemical constituents was determined by peak area normalization. The small molecule ligand library was established based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP). Reverse target prediction was conducted online using Swiss Target Prediction, the anti-inflammatory pathways were screened by KOBAX 3.0, conducting energy match between the key small molecular and the target protein in the TRP channels by molecular docking (SYBYL2.1). Construction of chemical constituents-targets network model was based on Cytoscape 3.5.1. Results A total of 48 chromatographic peaks were detected from D. styracifolium volatile oils, and 33 kinds of compound structure were determined by searching in mass spectral database and document retrieval, which account for 90.1% of total volatile oils. There were 17 key chemical constituents, and 88 target proteins were selected. TRP channels included 11 potential targets. Through molecular docking, we found that the phytol, hentriacontane, farnesyl acetone, and squalene were the key anti-inflammatory chemical constituents of D. styraci folium volatile oils. TPRV1 (transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1), PRKCB (protein kinase C, beta), and PRKCD (protein kinase C, delta) (degree > 10) are the key anti-inflammatory target protein. Conclusion We preliminarily select the key anti-inflammatory target and active constituents of D. styraci folium volatile oils from this study, and this research provides the theoretical basis for the development and application of its products.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751619

ABSTRACT

Human exhaled gases contain thousands of trace amounts of trace volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which are endogenous substance and can be detected as potential biomarkers for disease. Acetone, the second highest VOCs in human exhaled gases, has been widely used in non-invasive diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. At present, more than 30 independent studies have been undertaken on the range of breath acetone concentration and its influencing factors, and the quantitative relationship between blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin in diabetic patients. However, there are still many challenges in the application of breath acetone as a clinical regulatory parameter for diabetes. In this paper, the research status and progress in the breath acetone and analysis method were reviewed, and the existing problems in diabetes diagnosis and monitoring were discussed. Besides, the future development prospects were analyzed with the present technical level.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 937-951, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774932

ABSTRACT

Artemisinin and its derivatives (ARTs) were reported to display heme-dependent antitumor activity. On the other hand, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) were known to be able to promote heme synthesis in erythroid cells. Nevertheless, the effect of HDACi on heme homeostasis in non-erythrocytes remains unknown. We envisioned that the combination of HDACi and artesunate (ARS) might have synergistic antitumor activity through modulating heme synthesis. studies revealed that combination of ARS and HDACi exerted synergistic tumor inhibition by inducing cell death. Moreover, this combination exhibited more effective antitumor activity than either ARS or HDACi monotherapy in xenograft models without apparent toxicity. Importantly, mechanistic studies revealed that HDACi coordinated with ARS to increase 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS1) expression, and subsequent heme production, leading to enhanced cytotoxicity of ARS. Notably, knocking down significantly blunted the synergistic effect of ARS and HDACi on tumor inhibition, indicating a critical role of ALAS1 upregulation in mediating ARS cytotoxicity. Collectively, our study revealed the mechanism of synergistic antitumor action of ARS and HDACi. This finding indicates that modulation of heme synthesis pathway by the combination based on ARTs and other heme synthesis modulators represents a promising therapeutic approach to solid tumors.

14.
J. inborn errors metab. screen ; 6: e180001, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090960

ABSTRACT

Abstract Major progress occurred in understanding inborn errors of ketone body transport and metabolism between the International Congresses on Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Barcelona (2013) and Rio de Janeiro (2017). These conditions impair either ketogenesis (presenting as episodes of hypoketotic hypoglycemia) or ketolysis (presenting as ketoacidotic episodes); for both groups, immediate intravenous glucose administration is the most critical and (mHGGCS, HMGCS2) effective treatment measure. Ketogenesis Deficiencies: New biomarkers were described for mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase (mHGGCS, HMGCS2) deficiency. New patient series refined clinical knowledge of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HGGCL, HMGCL) deficiency. Although affected humans have not been described, two animal model phenotypes are pertinent: zebrafish deficient in monocarboxylate transporter 7 (MCT7, slc16a6) (decreased ketone body exit from hepatocytes) or mice lacking D-3-hydroxy-n-butyrate dehydrogenase (BDH1, BDH1) (isolated hyperacetoacetatemia; fatty liver). Ketolysis Deficiencies: Monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1, SLC16A1) deficiency is a newly described defect of ketone body transport, joining deficiencies of succinyl-CoA:3-oxoacid CoA transferase (SCOT, OXCT1) and methylacetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (MAT, ACAT1). Some heterozygotes for MCT1 or SCOT deficiency develop ketoacidosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732749

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the concentration distribution of acetone in fasting exhaled breath in diabetic patients and healthy subjects,to explore the effect of individual indexes on the concentration of acetone in fasting exhaled breath,and to study the role of individual indexes of fasting exhaled breath acetone in diabetes screening.Methods The acetone concentration measurements of fasting exhaled breath were performed on 265 healthy subjects,39 patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D),and 300 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) using real-time online respiratory acetone analyzer based on cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS).SPSS 19.0 software was used to eliminate outliers,and relevant statistical analysis was carried out with the corresponding gender,age,height,body mass,body mass index (BMI) and blood glucose concentration (BGL).The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of fasting breath acetone concentration for diabetes diagnosing.Results The mean fasting breath acetone concentration in T1D patients was (2.24±1.43)×10-6 was significantly higher than (1.43±0.55)×10-6 in healthy subjects and (1.41±0.73)×10-6 in T2D patients,and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).The average fasting breath acetone concentration in male diabetic patients was higher than that in female patients.The mean fasting breath acetone concentration was positively correlated with age (R=0.31,P<0.01) in healthy subjects,was positively correlated with BMI (R=0.33,P<0.05) in T1D patients,and was positively correlated with height (R=0.18,P<0.01) in T2D patients.The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of T1D by fasting breath acetone concentration was 0.853 with a sensitivity of 71.9% and specificity of 87.4% (P<0.01),and for the diagnosis of T2D was 0.528 with a sensitivity of 54.1% and specificity of 55.0% (P>0.05).Conclusions The detection of fasting breath acetone concentration is meaningful for T1D diagnosing,but has a low accuracy for T2D diagnosing (no statistically significant).

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 930-932, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for content determination of cantharidin in Lytta caraganae,and to use the result as the extract screening evidence of L. caraganae source material. METHODS:Ultrasonic extraction method was used to extract cantharidin from L. caraganae using acetone as solvent. HPLC method was adopted to determine the content of cantharidin. The determination was performed on C18column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-water(23:77)at flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set 230 nm,the column temperature was set at 35 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. The content of cantharidin in L. caraganae was determined and compared with the results of content determination by the method stated in Chinese Pharmacopeia(using chloroform as extraction solvent). RESULTS:The liner range of cantharidin were 0.2-1.0 mg/mL (r=0.998 8)with average methodology recovery rates of 101.1%(RSD=1.7%,n=6). The average content of cantharidin in L. caraganae was 0.932%(n=3),while the content of cantharidin was 0.793%(n=3)determined by the method stated in Chinese Pharmacopeia. Both were higher than the requirement of Chinese Pharmacopeia that the content of cantharidin in scource material of cantharidin was higher than 0.35%. CONCLUSIONS:Established method is accurate and reliable for the content determination cantharidin in L. caraganae. The content of cantharidin is up to the standard of Chinese Pharmacopeia,and can be used as source material for exacting cantharidin.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3415-3418, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for simultaneous determination of 5 kinds residual ethanol,acetone,ethylacetate,N,N-diisopropylethylamine and toluene in favipiravir.METHODS:Headspace GC was adopted.The determination was performed on DB-624 capillary column,temperature programmed.The inlet temperature was 220 ℃,and detector was flame ionization detector with temperature of 250 ℃.Nitrogen was used as carrier gas at flow rate of 2.0 mL/min,split ratio was 10 ∶ 1,headspace equilibrium temperature was 80 ℃,equilibrium time was 20 min and headspace sample size was 1 mL.RESULTS:The linear range was 10.0-501.4 μg/mL for ethanol(r=0.999 9),10.0-501.4 μg/mL for acetone (r=0.999 9),10.1-502.6 μg/mL for ethylacetate (r=0.999 9),0.2-11.4 μg/mL for N,N-diisopropylethylamine (r=0.999 9)and 1.8-89.4 μg/mL for acetone(r=0.999 7).The limits of quantification were 5.3,3.4,5.2,6.1 and 20.4 μg/mL,and the limits of detection were 1.4,1.1,1.3,1.6,5.9 μg/mL.RSD of precision test was lower than 4.0%,and RSDs of acetone in stability and reproducibility tests were both lower than 4.0%.The recoveries were 96.61%-99.70% (RSD=1.01%,n=9),95.81%-99.50% (RSD=1.29%,n=9),96.42%-99.76% (RSD=1.24%,n=9),96.36%-99.30% (RSD=1.19%,n=9),97.00%-99.51% (RSD=0.82%,n=9).CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,accurate,reproducible and can be used for simultaneous determination of 5 organic solvents in favipiravir.

18.
Acta biol. colomb ; 21(3): 619-626, set.-dic, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-827639

ABSTRACT

La abeja africanizada es la más común en la apicultura colombiana y a su veneno (apitoxina) se le han atribuido propiedades terapéuticas para diferentes enfermedades, sin mayor soporte científico. Al revisar en la literatura los reportes publicados sobre el análisis proteómico de la apitoxina, se encontraron cuatro métodos distintos para la extracción de proteínas de la apitoxina. El primer método consiste en resuspender la apitoxina en Urea 7 M, precipitar con acetona y finalmente resuspender en Urea 7 M y CHAPS 4 %. Para el segundo método se resuspende la apitoxina en buffer de lisis, se precipita con ácido tricloroacético, y luego se resuspende en Urea 7 M y CHAPS 4 %. El tercer método es igual al anterior, excepto que la precipitación se realiza con acetona en vez de ácido tricloroacético. Finalmente, el cuarto método consiste en resuspender la apitoxina en agua destilada, precipitar con acetona y resuspender en Urea 7 M y CHAPS 4 %. Este trabajo se enfocó en comparar el desempeño de estos cuatro métodos de extracción y determinar el método con el mejor resultado en cuanto a la concentración e integridad obtenida de las proteínas. De los distintos métodos evaluados, se encontró que los mejores resultados en cuanto a concentración de proteínas se obtuvieron con la resuspensión de apitoxina en buffer de lisis y precipitación con acetona (método 3) y con el método de resuspensión de apitoxina en agua destilada y precipitación con acetona (método 4). De estos, el mejor método de extracción en cuanto a integridad de las proteínas y perfil proteómico fue el de resuspensión de apitoxina en buffer de lisis seguido de precipitación con acetona (método 3).


The Africanised bee is the most common type of bee in Colombia, and therapeutic properties for different diseases have been attributed to its venom, without much scientific support. A literature search of reports on the proteomic analysis of honeybee venom yielded four different methods for extracting proteins from bee venom. The first method consists in resuspending the venom in 7 M Urea, followed by precipitation with acetone and finally resuspending the pellet in 7 M Urea and 4 % CHAPS. For the second method, the venom is resuspended in lysis buffer, precipitated with trichloroacetic acid, and then resuspended in 7 M Urea and 4 % CHAPS. The third method is similar to the previous one, except that the precipitation step is performed with acetone instead of trichloroacetic acid. Finally, the fourth method is to resuspend the venom in distilled water, precipitate with acetone and resuspend in 7 M Urea and 4 % CHAPS. This work focused on comparing the performance of these four extraction methods, in order to determine the method with the best results in terms of concentration and integrity of the proteins obtained. Of the four methods evaluated, the best results in terms of protein concentration and yield were obtained by resuspending the bee venom in lysis buffer followed by precipitation with acetone (method 3), and by resuspending in distilled water followed by precipitation with acetone (method 4). Of these, the method that maintained protein integrity and yielded the best proteomic profile was that in which the bee venom was resuspended in lysis buffer followed by precipitation with acetone (method 3).

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279199

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the price rise of Amomum villosum, the quality of A. villosum in the market has been in disorder. To understand the quality status of A. villosum in the market and provide reference for the commercial size fifty-seven samples were collected from different producing areas or markets from August 2013. The samples were detected with evaluation on appearance quality, determination of the contents of bornyl acetate, determination of pesticide residues and heavy metals residues based on Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015. The results showed that the pesticide residues and heavy metals residues met the requirments, all the samples from different producing areas were qualified except one sample from Fujian province. The qualified rate of native products and imports products samples from market were 43.75% and 14.29%, respectively, the qualified rate of the samples of Yunnan province from producing areas was higher than that from the market. There are two ports at the national level in Yunnan province, where the southern herbs from. A. villosumis one of import medicines from Southeast Asia, and lots of A. villosum samples import to China from Yunnan ports. Most of pharmacists believed that all of the samples from Yunnan province produced in Yunnan. The great majority of commercial species was A. villosum, but A. longiliglare was scarce. Through the survey, it isfound that the main factors affecting the quality of Amomi Fructus was source, lots of A. villosum samples have been replaced by the Amomi Fructus, so the source of imports Amomi Fructus was not clear, which was also more difficult to identify. The quality of A. villosum needs to protect, optimize germplasm, strict control of medicinal sources, specification for medicinal harvesting and processing technology.

20.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2015 Feb; 52 (1): 101-106
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157961

ABSTRACT

Four protocols viz., the trichloroacetic acid-acetone (TCA), phenol-ammonium acetate (PAA), phenol/SDS-ammonium acetate (PSA) and trisbase-acetone (TBA) were evaluated with modifications for protein extraction from banana (Grand Naine) roots, considered as recalcitrant tissues for proteomic analysis. The two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) separated proteins were compared based on protein yield, number of resolved proteins, sum of spot quantity, average spot intensity and proteins resolved in 4-7 pI range. The PAA protocol yielded more proteins (0.89 mg/g of tissues) and protein spots (584) in 2-DE gel than TCA and other protocols. Also, the PAA protocol was superior in terms of sum of total spot quantity and average spot intensity than TCA and other protocols, suggesting phenol as extractant and ammonium acetate as precipitant of proteins were the most suitable for banana rooteomics analysis by 2-DE. In addition, 1:3 ratios of root tissue to extraction buffer and overnight protein precipitation were most efficient to obtain maximum protein yield.


Subject(s)
Acetates/analogs & derivatives , Electrophoresis/methods , Musa/chemistry , Phenylacetates , Plant Proteins/isolation & purification , Plant Roots/enzymology , /methods
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