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1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 51(10): e20200740, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278862

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Onion is an important vegetable crop, predominantly grown under conventional tillage system management. Alternatively, the vegetable no-tillage system uses cover crops to form a residue layer, which improves soil physical, chemical, and biological attributes. Aiming to understand the interaction of mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal cover crops, phosphatase activity, and soil phosphorus availability and uptake by plants, a no-tillage vegetable production system experiment with onion was carried out in Ituporanga, Southern Brazil. The treatments were black oats (Avena strigosa); rye (Secale cereale); oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus); rye + oilseed radish; black oats + oilseed radish, and a control with spontaneous plants. Additionally, two plots, a conventional tillage system area and a forest, both adjacent to the experiment, were evaluated. We measured cover crop biomass, onion yield, acid phosphatase activity, and resin-extracted phosphorus in the soil, shoot and root phosphorus content, and root colonization in cover crops, spontaneous plants, and onions. The treatments with cover crops had the highest plant biomass in winter and onion yield. Available soil phosphorus and acid phosphatase activity were higher in no-tillage plots than in the conventional tillage system area. The presence of non-mycorrhizal oilseed radish was associated with decreased colonization of rye and onion roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. No-tillage areas with cover crops or spontaneous plants in winter accumulated more phosphorus than conventional tillage system areas. The conventional tillage system showed adverse effects on most soil attributes, as shown by a Principal Component Analysis.


RESUMO: A cebola é uma importante cultura vegetal, cultivada predominantemente sob sistema de preparo convencional. Como alternativa, o sistema de plantio direto de hortaliças utiliza culturas de cobertura para formar uma camada de biomassa, o que melhora os atributos físicos, químicos e biológicos do solo. Com o objetivo de entender a interação de culturas de cobertura micorrízicas e não-micorrízicas, atividade da fosfatase ácida e disponibilidade e absorção de fósforo do solo pelas plantas, foi realizado um experimento em sistema de plantio direto de hortaliças com a cultura da cebola em Ituporanga, sul do Brasil. Os tratamentos foram: aveia preta (Avena strigosa); centeio (Secale cereale); nabo forrageiro (Raphanus sativus); centeio + nabo forrageiro; aveia preta + nabo forrageiro e um controle com vegetação espontânea. Além disso, duas outras parcelas, uma área em sistema de preparo convencional e uma floresta, ambas adjacentes ao experimento, foram avaliadas. Medimos a biomassa da cultura de cobertura, o rendimento de cebola, a atividade de fosfatase ácida e o fósforo extraído por resina no solo, bem como o conteúdo de fósforo da parte aérea e da raiz e a colonização das raízes em plantas de cobertura, plantas espontâneas e cebolas. Os tratamentos com plantas de cobertura apresentaram a maior biomassa de culturas de cobertura e rendimento de cebola. A atividade de fosfatase ácida e fósforo disponível no solo foram maiores nas parcelas de plantio direto do que na área convencional. A presença de nabo forrageiro, uma planta não micorrízica, foi associada a reduções na colonização de raízes de centeio e cebola por fungos micorrízicos arbusculares. As áreas de plantio direto com plantas de cobertura ou plantas espontâneas no inverno acumularam mais fósforo do que as áreas com preparo convencional. O sistema convencional de lavoura mostrou efeitos adversos para a maioria dos atributos do solo, como mostra a Análise de Componentes Principais.

2.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(1): 1-16, jan./feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049184

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of agroforestry systems of different ages (AFS1: one-year old; AFS5: five-years old) on the biological attributes of soil; the following systems were used for comparison: a slash-and-burn (SBF) farming area, Caatinga which has been undergoing regeneration for 6 years (CaR6), and native Caatinga (NCa) in Brazil. Enzyme activity, abundance and composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), and production of glomalin-related soil proteins (GRSP) were evaluated at soil depths of 0­0.05 m. AMF species composition in the AFS was more similar to that in the NCa than in the SBF and CaR6 systems. In the rainy season, sporulation was most abundant in the AFS-1, CaR6, and SBF systems, whereas GRSP concentrations were highest in the AFS5 during the dry season. Acid phosphatase and arylsulfatase enzyme activity was lower in the AFS1 soils than in the NCa and SBF soils (rainy period), and levels of ß-glucosidase and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis in the AFS were equal to or higher than those in the NCa in the dry season but lower in the rainy season. AFS thus appear to promote the maintenance of soil biological quality, and may be more sustainable than SBF farming systems in the Brazilian Caatinga over the long term.


O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a influência de sistemas agroflorestais (AFS1: um ano de idade; AFS5: cinco anos de idade), nos atributos biológicos do solo usando como referência, uma área de agricultura de corte e queima (SBF), Caatinga em regeneração há 6 anos (CaR6), e Caatinga nativa (NCa), in Brasil. A atividade enzimática, a abundância e composição dos fungos micorrízicos arbusculares (AMF), e a produção de proteína do solo relacionada à glomalina (GRSP) foram avaliados, na profundidade de 0-5 cm do solo. A composição das espécies de AMF nos AFS foi mais semelhante a observada na NCa, do que os sistemas SBF e CaR6. Na estação chuvosa, a esporulação foi mais abundante em AFS-1, CaR6 and SBF quando comparada as outras áreas, enquanto a GRSP apresentou maiores teores no AFS5 no período seco. AFS1 apresentou atividade da fosfatase ácida e arilsulfatase inferiores tanto a NCa quanto a SBF, no período chuvoso. No período seco, a atividade de ß-glicosidase e a hidrólise do diacetato de fluoresceína (FDA) na AFS foram iguais ou superiores a Nca, mas menor no período chuvoso. Verifica-se que os AFS são potenciais para a manutenção da qualidade biológica do solo, podendo, em longo prazo, serem mais sustentáveis que a SBF, em ambiente de Caatinga.


Subject(s)
Arylsulfatases , Soil , Acid Phosphatase , Glycoside Hydrolases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Defective dentition is a common oral disease, if it is not treated in time, there will be adverse effects such as tilting of the adjacent teeth and elongation of the jaws, causing occlusal disorder and interference, which will seriously affect the later repair. Especially in the diabetic patients with dentition loss, the impacts of diabetes on the occlusal elongation of the jaw teeth, and how osteonectin changes in this process, are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diabetes on tooth occlusion and elongation in mice by establishing a model of the occlusion of the jaws in diabetic mice. METHODS: A diabetic model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in C57 BL/6J mice (purchased from the Animal Experimental Center of Shanxi Medical University). The mice were intraperitoneally injected with sodium citrate buffer. Thirty mice with successful modeling and control mice were removed, and the three right maxillary molars were removed to establish an experimental model of the extensional movement of the maxillary teeth. After 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 days, the right jaw was taken. The bone mineral density was measured by micro-CT. The number of osteoclasts was counted by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase staining. The expression level of osteonectin was detected by RT-qPCR. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Shanxi Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) With the time increasing, the bone mineral density of the right mandible in the two groups was gradually increased. The bone mineral density in the diabetic group was significantly lower than that in the control group at 3, 6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P < 0.05). (2) With the time increasing, the number of osteoclasts in the right mandible of both groups was gradually increased. The number of osteoclasts in the diabetic group was significantly lower than that in the control group at 3, 6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P < 0.05). (3) The expression level of osteonectin mRNA in the right mandible of both groups was gradually increased. The expression level of osteonectin mRNA in the diabetic group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 0, 3,6, 9 and 12 days after surgery (P< 0.05). (4) These results indicate that diabetes can reduce the bone construction ability during the extensional movement and promote osteonectin mRNA expression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Imbalance between subchondral bone resorption and bone formation occurs in osteoarthritis. Our preliminary study has found that the subchondral bone changes precede the articular cartilage changes in knee osteoarthritis rats. OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of subchondral bone in knee osteoarthritis rats, and to explore the effect of elcatonin on the expression of p38 MAPK and absorption of subchondral bone. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats, 3 months of age, were randomly divided into three groups: Sham operation group (n=6, the adipose tissue of the same size as the ovary was removed without ovariectomy, the bilateral knee joints were opened, but without cruciate ligament injury); model group (n=6, bilateral ovariectomy plus bilateral cruciate ligament injury, no treatment); elcatonin group (n=6, ovariectomy plus cruciate ligament injury, intramuscular injection of 5 lU/kg elcatonin, twice weekly). The bone mineral density and p38 protein expression levels in subchondral bone were detected at 12 weeks. The serum levels of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of type I collagen, C-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of type II collagen, interleukin-1, interleukin- 6 and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b were detected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The bone volume fraction and trabecular bone number in the elcatonin group were significantly higher than those in the model group (P < 0. 05), and the trabecular separation in the elcatonin group was lower than that in the model group (P < 0. 05). (2) The bone volume fraction, trabecular bone number and trabecular thickness in the model group were lower than those in the sham operation group (P < 0. 01 or P < 0. 05), and the trabecular separation was higher than that in the sham operation group (P < 0. 01). (3) The serum levels of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of type I collagen, C-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of type II collagen, interleukin-1, interleukin- 6 and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b in the elcatonin group was significantly lower than those the model group (P < 0. 05), and the above levels in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (P < 0. 05). (4) The p38 expression level in subchondral bone in the elcatonin group was significantly lower than that in the model group (P < 0. 01), and the level in the model group was significantly higher than that in the sham operation group (P < 0. 01). (5) These results indicate that elcatonin may inhibit the secretion of osteoarthritis pro-inflammatory factors and subchondral bone resorption by down-regulating the expression level of p38 MAPK.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873102

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of different N application rates on the growth and development of Acanthopanax senticosus and the changes of antioxidant enzyme activity, and screen out the suitable amount of nitrogen fertilizer for its growth and development, in order to provide scientific evidence for rational fertilization of Acanthopanax senticosus in artificial cultivation. Method::By single-point, single-factor field experiment, the study samples were one-year-old seedlings of growing evenly A. senticosus.Five nitrogen application treatment groups were set up in the fields.They were N1 (30 g·m-2), N2 (60 g·m-2), N3 (90 g·m-2), N4 (120 g·m-2), N5 (150 g·m-2) and CK (0 g·m-2) in the control group.Three months later, the raw weight of plant, root, leaf and stem were measured at harvest time.After drying to constant weight, plant dry weight, stem dry weight, leaf dry weight and root dry weight were measured.Fresh leaves of plants were collected to measure malondialdehyde(MDA) content and activities of catalase(CAT), superoxide dismutase(SOD), peroxidase(POD), acid phosphatase(ACP) and aseorbateperoxidase(APX) after harvesting seedlings. Result::The biomass of A. senticosus in group N4 (120 g·m-2) was the highest, the protein content in group N3 (90 g·m-2) was the highest, and the activity of all antioxidant enzymes in group N3 (90 g·m-2) was the lowest. Conclusion::There is a dose-effect relationship between seedlings and the nitrogen application rate.That is to say, low nitrogen application rate and high nitrogen application rate will cause stress on Acanthopanax senticosus, and the activity of antioxidant enzymes under low nitrogen application rate is higher than that under high nitrogen application rate.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 265-267, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812008

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the concentration of serum bone resorption markers NTX and TRACP-5b of children aged 8-14 years in a coal-burning fluorosis area and its relationship with age, and to provide population data for the study of pathogenesis of skeletal fluorosis.@*Methods@#Totally 123 children of 8-14 schoolage in the two primary schools in Doujing Township, Shuicheng County, Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province were randomly selected as the exposed group. According to the matching principle, 64 children were randomly selected as a control from a primary school in a nondisease area Huaga Town. The dental fluorosis was investigated, and the concentrations of serum NTX and TRACP-5b were measured.@*Results@#The detection rate of dental fluorosis in the fluorosis area was 94.3% and 0 in the control area. The concentrations of serum NTX in fluorosis area children were 13.04 (10.76, 15.64), 14.82 (12.15, 18.26)nmol/L in the early adolescence and middle-aged period, which lower than the control area 15.73(14.36, 18.61), 16.45(15.45, 22.02)nmol/L( P <0.05); The serum TRACP-5b levels in children with fluorosis were 276.74(237.63, 312.75), 270.14(242.82, 321.97), 305.95(259.78, 339.87)nmol/L in prepubertal, early adolescence and middle youth, lower than the control area 370.88 (304.47, 452.84), 353.30 (262.05, 393.19), 420.22 (376.96, 544.60)nmol/L( Z =-3.03, -2.66, -3.10, P <0.05). Serum NTx and TRACP-5b in fluorosis area were negatively correlated with dental fluorosis in children( r =-0.51, -0.37, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Fluorosis can reduce the concentrations of serum bone resorption markers NTX and TRACP-5b in children of different age groups. TRACP-5b may be more sensitive to fluoride exposure than NTX, but the specific mechanism remains to be further studied.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 723-733, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828847

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy strategies targeting the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway in clinical treatments have achieved remarkable success in treating multiple types of cancer. However, owing to the heterogeneity of tumors and individual immune systems, PD-L1/PD-1 blockade still shows slow response rates in controlling malignancies in many patients. Accumulating evidence has shown that an effective response to anti-PD-L1/anti-PD-1 therapy requires establishing an integrated immune cycle. Damage in any step of the immune cycle is one of the most important causes of immunotherapy failure. Impairments in the immune cycle can be restored by epigenetic modification, including reprogramming the environment of tumor-associated immunity, eliciting an immune response by increasing the presentation of tumor antigens, and by regulating T cell trafficking and reactivation. Thus, a rational combination of PD-L1/PD-1 blockade and epigenetic agents may offer great potential to retrain the immune system and to improve clinical outcomes of checkpoint blockade therapy.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211797

ABSTRACT

Background: Sporotrichosis is caused by a dimorphic fungal species, Sporothrix schenckii (S. schenckii). The enzyme acid phosphatase is pervasive among yeast and yeast like fungi. It has been studied in various fungi like Aspergillus oryzae, Candida albicans etc. but in S. schenckii little is known about enzyme acid phosphatase. The present study depicts the in-vitro influence of Potassium Iodide (KI) on the enzyme acid phosphatase produced by the S. schenckii (yeast form).Methods: A master culture was prepared by incorporating the standard strain of S. schenckii in YNB (Yeast Nitrogen Base) medium and was incubated at 37ºC. After preparing the increasing concentrations with KI in YNB medium, 1.0 mL suspension of master culture was inoculated into each bottle and incubated at 37ºC for different time period 6th, 12th, 18th day (early, mid, peak of log period) respectively. After centrifuging, a 5% homogenate was prepared, which was used for acid phosphatase enzyme assay.Results: The mean acid phosphatase level of control specimen was 20.9±2.01, 50.0±2.25, 45.0±5.10 μg and test specimens was ranged from 14.9±4.89 to 20.2±3.49, 10.2±4.19 to 40.0±6.39 and 10.0±1.81 to 34.7±6.08 μg on day 6, 12 and 18 respectively. The mean value was lower significantly for all the test concentrations as compared to control (p<0.05).Conclusions: The low activity of the enzyme acid phosphatase indicates that KI has inhibitory effect on the growth of S. schenckii that has led to decrease in the activity of the enzyme.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-189030

ABSTRACT

This study was done to evaluate the level of hydrolytic enzymes ALP and ACP in GCFamong chronic periodontitis patients with smoking habit. Methods: A total of 80 subjects were selected for the study. The study population was further divided into 4 group (Group 1 – clinically healthy periodontium, group – 2 gingivitis, group – 3 periodontitis, group - 4 smokers with periodontitis ). Based on clinical assessment of probing depth , bleeding on probing and radiographic evaluation of alveolar bone loss, GCF samples were taken to assess the level of enzymes. Results: Obtained results shows statistically significant increase in the level of ALP activity in GCF from periodontitis patients with smoking habit. There was positive correlation between the activity of examined GCF enzymes and values of the plaque index, gingival index and periodontal disease index. Conclusion: Based on these results, it can be assume that ALP activity in GCF may be used as potent biochemical markers for periodontal destruction.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) on the immune system in rats with different levels of exhaustive exercise.Methods:Fifty-six male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a blank group (n=8),an exhaustive group (n=24),and a moxibustion group (n=24).The exhaustive group was randomly divided into a 1-time exhaustive group,a 4-time exhaustive group and a 7-time exhaustive group,with 8 rats in each group.According to the treatment time,the moxibustion group was randomly divided into a 1-time moxibustion group,a 4-time moxibustion group and a 7-time moxibustion group,with 8 rats in each group.Rats in the exhaustive groups and the moxibustion groups were subjected to replicating the exhaustive swimming models.Rats in each moxibustion group received mild moxibustion for 15 min immediately after the exhaustive modeling,once every other day.Twenty-four hours after the corresponding exhaustive exercise,the rats in each group were tested for the levels of serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G,IgA,IgM and acid phosphatase (ACP),and the morphological changes of spleen tissues were observed.The level of IgA was detected by immunoturbidimetric assay,and the levels of IgG,IgM and ACP were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:Compared with the 1-time exhaustive group,swimming time of rats in the 4-time exhaustive group was significantly prolonged (P<0.01),and swimming time of rats in the 7-time exhaustive group was significantly shortened (P<0.01).Compared with the 7-time exhaustive group,exhaustive swimming time of rats in the 7-time moxibustion group was significantly prolonged (P<0.01).Compared with the blank group,the IgG level in the 1-time exhaustive group was significantly decreased (P<0.01),and the levels of IgG,IgA and IgM in the 4-time exhaustive group and the 7-time exhaustive group were all significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01),while the ACP level was increased significantly (both P<0.01).Microscopically,the number of splenic corpuscles in the 1-time exhaustive group was reduced;the center of some splenic corpuscles in the 4-time exhaustive group was damaged;the number of splenic corpuscles in the 7-time exhaustive group was reduced,and there was no obvious germinal center.Compared with the 4-time exhaustive group,the IgA level in the 4-time moxibustion group was significantly increased (P<0.01),and the ACP level was significantly decreased (P<0.01).Compared with the 7-time exhaustive group,the levels of IgG,IgA and IgM in the 7-time moxibustion group were significantly increased (all P<0.01),and the ACP level was significantly decreased (P<0.01).Microscopically,the number of splenic corpuscles in the 1-time moxibustion group was reduced;the center of some splenic corpuscles in the 4-time moxibustion group was damaged together with hyperplasia of some splenic corpuscles;blast cells were proliferated in the center of some splenic corpuscles in the 7-time moxibustion group.Conclusion:Moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) can improve the levels of igG,igA and igM,reduce the ACP level,repair damaged spleen tissues,and enhance the immunity of the body to some extent in the long-term fatigue rats.

11.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 294-299, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752857

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ca2+ /calmodulin - dependent kinase II (CaMKII)γ RNA interference on the expression of nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1(NFATc1),tyrosine kinase(c-Src)and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP)genes,and its role and molecular mechanism in osteoclast differentiation. Methods The CaMKII γ RNA interference vector was constructed by lentivirus and transfected into RAW264. 7 cells. The experiment was di-vided into three groups:A,B and C,which were the control group,negative vector group and interference vector group. After transfec-tion for 12 hours,osteoclasts induced by 50 ng/mL RANKL and the cells were harvested after induction for 5 days. Real-time quanti-tative PCR,Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src genes in three groups. Results The mRNA levels of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src in the group C decreased by 49. 86% ,43. 65% and 53. 57% ,re-spectively(P<0. 001),and the protein levels decreased by 54. 22% ,46. 75% and 45. 86% ,respectively(P<0. 001). There was no significant difference between the A and the B groups(P>0. 05). The fluorescence intensity of the above genes in the group C was significantly weaker than that in the A and B groups,and the formation of osteoclasts was significantly less than that in the A and B groups. Conclusion CaMKIIγ RNA interference significantly inhibited the expression of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src genes,sugges-ting that CaMKIIγ plays a key regulatory role in osteoclast differentiation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699493

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of the expression of phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2 domain containing 1A(PPAPDC1A) in human colorectal cancer cell lines.Methods The high metastatic potential cells LOVO,SW620 and low metastatic potential cells SW480,RKO,HCT116 and DLD-1 were cultured,the expression of PPAPDC1A mRNA and protein in different colorectal cancer cells in logarithmic growth period was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.Results There were significant differences in the expressions of PPAPDC1A mRNA and protein among the six human colorectal cancer cells (F =41.213,344.1 16;P < 0.05).The expression of PPAPDC1 A mRNA and protein in highly metastatic potential cells LOVO and SW620 was significantly higher than that in DLD-1,HCT116,RKO and SW480 cells (P <0.05).The expression of PPAPDC1A protein in LOVO cells with high metastatic potential was significantly higher than that in SW620 cells(P < 0.05).The expression of PPAPDC1A protein in DLD-1 cells was significantly higher than that in HCT116,RKO and SW480 cells (P <0.05).The expression of PPAPDC1 A protein in HCT116 cells with low metastatic potential was significantly higher than that in RKO and SW480 cells (P < 0.05).The expression of PPAPDC1 A protein in RKO cells was significantly higher than that in SW480 cells (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of PPAPDC1A mRNA between LOVO and SW620 cells (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of PPAPDC1A mRNA between SW480,RKO,HCT116 and DLD-1 cells (P< 0.05).Conclusion PPAPDC1A expresses differentially in colorectal cancer cell lines,which may be involved in the invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693636

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of the Bushen-Qiangjin capsule and calcium D in the treatment of aromatase inhibitors-associated bone loss (AIBL) in breast cancer patients. Methods A total of 65 patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 32 in the control group taking calcium D, and 33 in the treatment group taking calcium D and Bushen-Qiangjin capsule. After a 3-month treatment, the bone mineral density T (BMD), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), bone gla protein (BGP) and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TrACP) of two groups were evaluated. Results The BMD increased significantly after treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the therapeutic efficacy of the treatment group was better than of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the level of BALP (308.76 ± 10.99 U/L vs. 280.00 ± 7.44 U/L, t=8.170) and the BGP (42.21 ± 3.04 ng/ml vs. 34.38 ± 2.06 ng/ml, t=6.818) of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.01). The level of TrACP decreased significantly after treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the TrACP (60.12 ± 4.58 U/L vs. 67.25±4.06 U/L, t=1.653) of treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions The Bushen-Qiangjin capsule can produce a content efficacy in treating AIBL in breast cancer patients, improving the BMD and bone metabolism.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692359

ABSTRACT

An enzyme cascade strategy was introduced for sensitive detection of acid phosphatase ( ACP) . Pyrophosphate ions ( PPi ) can strongly bound Fe3+and thus hinders the production of Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs). ACP can hydrolyze PPi to form phosphate ions, and the released Fe3+reacts with potassium ferrocyanide ( K4[ Fe ( CN )6] ) to form PBNPs. The formed PBNPs have high peroxidase-like activity, which can decompose hydrogen peroxide ( H2O2) to produce hydroxyl radical (·OH) for oxidizing the typical substrate of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine ( TMB). Therefore, a novel sensing strategy for detecting ACP based on the high signal amplification of enzyme cascade was constructed. The results showed that there was a good linear relationship between the absorbance of oxidized TMB ( oxTMB ) and the concentration of ACP in the range of 3-20 U/L, with a detection limit of 0. 8 U/L. Different from the conventional enzyme cascades in which the product of one enzyme is the substrate of the other, this study opens up a new way to construct novel enzyme cascade system.

15.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(4): 2945-2954, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886833

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Forty isolates of endophytic bacteria isolated from banana tree roots were assessed as to their capacity to solubilize phosphate in a solid culture medium supplemented with different inorganic and one organic source of phosphorus. The amount of phosphorus (P) in each liquid medium was quantified, and an indirect assessment of acid phosphatase activity was performed. All assays had a fully randomized design, with three repetitions. Approximately 67.5% of the 40 isolates assessed in solid medium solubilized phosphorus from tricalcium phosphate and 7.5% of the isolates solubilized phosphorus from soy lecithin; no isolates exhibited P solubilization capacity in medium supplemented with iron phosphate. Acid phosphatase activity was detected in 65% of the isolates; Aneurinibacillus sp. and Lysinibacillus sp. isolates presented with the best solubilization indexes. All of the assessed isolates exhibited a capacity to reduce the potential of hydrogen in liquid medium supplemented with tricalcium phosphate. Isolate EB. 78 (Bacillus sp.) exhibited P solubilization capacity in solid media when Ca3(PO4)2 and soy lecithin were used as P sources; this isolate significantly reduced the pH of the liquid medium and exhibited acid phosphatase activity. The results of the present study highlight isolates that exhibit variations in their capacity to solubilize P. These isolates should be used in future tests to assess their field performance.


Subject(s)
Phosphates/metabolism , Bacteria/metabolism , Biodegradation, Environmental , Musa/microbiology , Endophytes/physiology , Bacteria/classification
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613857

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the serum levels of PSA, PAP joint detection in diagnosis of prostate cancer and the effect of estrogen on it.Methods60 patients with prostate cancer were selected in Jinyun County People's Hospital department of urology patients, giving diethylstilbestrol 3mg, oral once a day, and give Aspirin Enteric-coated Sustained Release Tablets 100mg oral, once daily, for 2 consecutive months.At the same time, we selected 60 cases of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, normal control group of 60 healthy subjects were the same period.Using radioimmunoassay, were observed inprostatic hyperplasia group, normal control group, the prostate cancer group before treatment, the prostate cancer group after treatment, serum PSA, PAP levels, as well as the group before and after treatment in patients with prostate cancer IPSS score index.ResultsThe prostate cancer group, serum PSA, PAP levels were significantly higher than that of benign prostatic hyperplasia group and normal control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);no significant difference was found between the prostatic hyperplasia group and normal control group, PSA in prostate cancer positive detection rate and the detection sensitivity is 78.33% the specificity was 70%, the index of PAP in prostate cancer, and the positive detection rate and the detection sensitivity was 53.33%, specificity index reached 93.33%;PSA for prostate cancer detection positive rate and sensitivity was higher than that of PAP, but the specificity is less than PAP, the difference is statistically significant (P<0.05) after treatment;the prostate cancer group, serum PSA, PAP levels were improved, compared with that before treatment, serum PSA, PAP levels decreased significantly, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);and after the treatment, the prostate cancer group of prostate symptoms have improved, compared with before treatment, IPSS score decreased significantly, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).ConclusionThe combined detection of serum PSA, PAP in the diagnosis of prostate cancer can improve the sensitivity and specificity, and can be used for early diagnosis of prostate cancer;estrogen can lower their level, improve the symptoms of prostate cancer, inhibit the progress of the disease.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1308-1311, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514339

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of zoledronate (ZOL) on Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase Ⅱ δ (CaMK Ⅱ δ) and down-stream gene expressions during osteoclast differentiation.Methods Mouse osteoclast precursors RAW264.7 cells were divided into the control group and ZOL group.The cells in both groups were induced with 50μg/L receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) and were harvested on 5 d,while the cells in ZOL group were also simultaneously treated with 1 × 10-6 mol/L ZOL for 2 d.Five days later,the cells were harvested and examined osteoclastogenesis,as well as gene expressions of CaMK Ⅱ δ,nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1),tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cell-sarcoma receptor coactivator (c-Src).Results The number of TRAP positive multinuclear osteoclasts,number and size of dentin absorption lacunae and area in the ZOL group were (20.0±3.2),(18.0±4.2) and (6 335.3± 1 043.2)μm2 respectively,which were significantly lower than (36.0 ± 8.4),(37.2 ± 5.0) and (11 636.2 ± 3 661.1) μm2 in the control group and decreased by 44.4 %,51.6 % and 45.6 % respectively (P<0.01).ZOL also significantly inhibited the gene expressions of CaMK Ⅱ δ,NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src,and the mRNA levels of these genes were decreased by 44.1%,49.0%,53.8% and 49.6% respectively,the protein level were decreased by 43.5 %,32.2 %,45.5 % and 48.0 % respectively.The immunofluorescent cytochemistry detection results showed the fluorescence intensity of CaMK Ⅱ δ,NFATc1,TRAP and c-Srcin in the ZOL group was significantly weakened when compared with the control group.Conclusion ZOL could significantly inhibit the osteoclast formation and bone absorption function,and down-regulates gene expressions of CaMK Ⅱ δ,NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src in osteoclast differentiation.

18.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1094-1097, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662794

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of isoniazid on lymphocyte factor expression and macrophage function of rats.Methods Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups,which was treated for one month,three months and withdrawal for one month after treated for three months,and each group was randomly divided into isoniazid group and control group.The isoniazid groups were ig with isoniazid at dose of 120 mg/kg every other day and control groups were fed on normal saline.At the corresponding time points,the level of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was detected with ELISA method,detected serum lysozyme content by agar plate method,and Comori method was used for the detection of acid phosphatase levels in peritoneal fluid.Results At all the time points,levels of IL-12,IFN-γ and lysozyme in isoniazid group were not significantly different compared with control group.There were statistically significant differences in acid phosphatase between isoniazid group and control group after treated for one month (P < 0.05),but the significant differences disappeared at the next two time points.Conclusion Isoniazid of 120 mg/kg may have no obvious influence on the immune function of rat.We don't detect the immune injury.

19.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1103-1106, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662406

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a hanging drop 3D cell culture model of human colon cancer cell (HT29) in 48-well cell culture plate,at the same time,through the comparison of several cell viability detection methods to determine the appropriate one for this cell culture way.Methods HT29 cells of 2 375,3 164,4 218,5 625,7 500 and 10 000/well were seeded in the bottom of the 48-well culture plate to form droplets.After 2 d of inversion culture,the cell spheroids were formed and incubated in medium for another 3 d.The volume of cell spheroids were measured,and the absorbance (A) values were detected through APH assay,MTT assay,MTT assay after digestion,CCK-8 assay and CCK-8 assay after digestion.The results were compared among different methods.Results After 5 d of culture,the cell spheroids were formed perfectly at the density of 2 375-10 000/well,and the volumes were in good linear with the original cell inoculation number at the density of 2 375-7 500/well.The A values of APH assay,MTT assay after digestion and CCK-8 assay after digestion increased with the increase of cell inoculation amount;But the cell ball digestion process was complex,and the cell viability was damaged.However,the A values of MTT and CCK-8 assay increased slowly.Conclusion The method of a hanging drop 3D cell culture model in 48-well culture plate combining with APH assay to detect cell viability is economical,accurate and easy to operate.

20.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1094-1097, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660751

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of isoniazid on lymphocyte factor expression and macrophage function of rats.Methods Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups,which was treated for one month,three months and withdrawal for one month after treated for three months,and each group was randomly divided into isoniazid group and control group.The isoniazid groups were ig with isoniazid at dose of 120 mg/kg every other day and control groups were fed on normal saline.At the corresponding time points,the level of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was detected with ELISA method,detected serum lysozyme content by agar plate method,and Comori method was used for the detection of acid phosphatase levels in peritoneal fluid.Results At all the time points,levels of IL-12,IFN-γ and lysozyme in isoniazid group were not significantly different compared with control group.There were statistically significant differences in acid phosphatase between isoniazid group and control group after treated for one month (P < 0.05),but the significant differences disappeared at the next two time points.Conclusion Isoniazid of 120 mg/kg may have no obvious influence on the immune function of rat.We don't detect the immune injury.

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