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1.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 101(4): e-174732, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392147

ABSTRACT

Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) pode causar óbito ou sequelas motoras e funcionais de intensidade variável. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o índice de independência funcional de pacientes pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral submetidos a um programa de reabilitação multiprofissional. Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo por meio de revisão dos prontuários de sobreviventes de lesão vascular na artéria cerebral média, admitidos entre 2014 e 2019 em hospital público de Curitiba - Paraná, e que foram analisados na admissão e na alta por meio da Escala de Rankin modificada (mRS). Foram aplicados teste Qui-Quadrado, Mann-Whitney e Wilcoxon, considerando p < 0,05 %. A amostra, composta por 64 pacientes, teve predomínio masculino (56 %), faixa etária média de 59 anos, eapresentou como sequelas principais déficit motor (98 %), disartria (51 %), afasia (46 %), dor (45 %) e incontinência urinária (42 %). Houve diferença significativa entre os escores aferidos por meio da mRS na admissão e na alta, com maior independência funcional após realização do programa de reabilitação proposto (p < 0,001). Conclui-se que a participação no programa refletiu em ganho de autonomia no autocuidado e na realização de atividades diárias pelos pacientes. [au]


A cerebrovascular accident (CVA) can cause death or motor and functional consequences of variable intensity. This study analyzed the rate of functional independence of patients after a cerebrovascular accident and a multi professional rehabilitation program. This was a retrospective research analyzing the medical charts of middle cerebral artery stroke survivors, admitted to a public hospital at Curitiba-Paraná between 2014 and 2019. The participants were analyzed at admission and discharge using the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS). The Chi-Squared test, Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon tests were applied, considering p<0.05%. The sample was composed of 64 patients, mainly men (56%), with a mean age of 59 years old. The main stroke sequelae were motor deficit (98%), dysarthria (51%), aphasia (46%), pain (45%) and urinary incontinence (42%). There was a significant difference between the mRS scores at admission and discharge, with greater functional independence after the proposed rehabilitation program (p <0.001). It is concluded that participation in the program led to increased autonomy in self-care and daily activities for the patients.[au]

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(6): 2153-2162, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374988

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of stroke in older adults in Brazil, and at identifying the sociodemographic, health-related, health service-related, and environmental factors associated with independence in daily activities. Across-sectional, population-based study (Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging 2015-2016) was conducted. 536 individuals (≥ 50 years), from 9,412 participants, have had stroke and were included. Prevalence of stroke was 5.3% among individuals aged 50 years and over, increasing up to 8.0% among individuals aged 75 years and over, showing a dissimilar pattern between sex. Independence was associated with walking speed (Prevalence Ratio (PR) 2.72, 95%CI: 1.96 to 3.77), physical activity (PR 1.24; 95%CI: 1.04 to 1.47) and use of walking devices (PR 0.63; 95%CI: 0.41 to 0.96). A significant interaction was found between walking speed plus home adaptations and performance of daily living activities (PR 3.42; 95%CI: 1.04 to 11.29). The probability of independence was 40% among slow walkers (< 0.4 m/s), increasing up to 70% among fast walkers (> 0.8 m/s), and to 90% among those who also have home adaptations. Faster walking speed combined with home adaptations was the main factor associated with long-term independence after stroke.


Resumo Objetivou-se estimar a prevalência do acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) em brasileiros mais velhos, bem como identificar fatores sociodemográficos, de saúde, de serviços de saúde e ambientais associados à independência em atividades de vida diária. Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base populacional (Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde de Idosos Brasileiros 2015-2016). Dos 9.412 participantes, 536 indivíduos (≥ 50 anos) tiveram AVC e foram incluídos. A prevalência do AVC foi de 5,3% em indivíduos com 50 anos e mais, aumentando para 8% entre indivíduos com 75 anos e mais, com padrão dissimilar entre sexo. A independência foi associada à velocidade da marcha (razão de prevalência [RP] 2,72, IC95%: 1,96-3,77), atividade física (PR 1,24; IC95%: 1,04-1,47) e uso de dispositivos auxiliares de marcha (RP 0,63; IC95%: 0,41-0,96). Encontrou-se interação significativa para velocidade da marcha, adaptações no domicílio e a independência (RP 3,42; IC95%: 1.04-11.29). A probabilidade de independência foi de 40% nas velocidades mais baixas (< 0,4 m/s), e nas velocidades mais elevadas (> 0,8 m/s) foi de 70%, aumentando para 90% quando há adaptações no domicílio. A velocidade rápida da marcha e a adaptação no domicílio foram os principais fatores associados à independência a longo prazo após o AVC.

3.
Acta fisiátrica ; 29(2): 104-111, jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373039

ABSTRACT

Atividades sedentárias são frequentes em idosos, tornando importante avançar o conhecimento sobre o comportamento sedentário (CS) e sua relação com a capacidade funcional da população idosa, a fim de contribuir para implementação de intervenções de promoção à saúde. Objetivo: Identificar pontos de corte do CS para rastreio de incapacidade funcional e verificar sua associação com a presença de incapacidade nas atividades básicas (ABVDs) e instrumentais (AIVDs) da vida diária em idosos comunitários. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal, domiciliar, realizado com 308 idosos comunitários. As incapacidades nas ABVDs e AIVDs foram avaliadas pelo Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire. Idosos com relato de "pouca/muita dificuldade" ou "incapacidade total" para realizar ao menos uma tarefa em cada domínio foram classificados com incapacidade. O tempo despendido em CS foi avaliado pela média ponderada do tempo sentado em um dia da semana e um dia de final de semana, avaliado pelo Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física. Os pontos de corte do CS para rastrear a incapacidade foram obtidos pela análise da curva ROC. Resultados: Os idosos que permaneceram tempo ≥ 4,4h/dia em CS tiveram 1,92 (IC 95%: 1,03; 3,57) vezes maiores chances de incapacidade nas AIVDs e aqueles que ficavam ≥ 4,3h/dia em CS tiveram 2,36 (IC 95%: 1,37;4,05) vezes maiores chances de incapacidade nas ABVDs, comparados aos que ficavam tempo inferior em CS. Conclusão: Estes dados sugerem que os idosos residentes na comunidade limitem o tempo em CS, evitando tempo superior a 4,3 horas diárias, a fim de prevenir a ocorrência de incapacidades funcionais.


Sedentary activities are frequent in the elderly, making it important to advance knowledge about sedentary behavior (SB) and its relationship with the functional capacity of the elderly population, in order to contribute to the implementation of health promotion interventions. Objective: Identify SB cutoff points for screening for functional disability and to verify its association with the presence of disability in basic activities (BADLs) and instrumental activities (IADLs) of daily living in community-dwelling elderly. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, household study carried out with 308 community- dwelling older adults. Disabilities in BADLs and IADLs were assessed using the Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire. Elderly people with reports of "little/very difficult" or "complete inability" to perform at least one task in each domain were classified as having incapacity. Time spent in SB was assessed by the weighted average of time sitting on a weekday and a weekend day, assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. SB cutoff points to track disability were obtained by ROC curve analysis. Results: Elderly people who spent ≥ 4.4h/day in SB had 1.92 (95% CI: 1.03; 3.57) times greater chances of incapacity in IADLs, and those who stayed ≥ 4.3h/day in CS had 2 .36 (95% CI: 1.37;4.05) times greater chances of disability in BADLs, compared to those who spent less time in SB. Conclusion: These data suggest that community- dwelling elderly people limit their time in SB, avoiding times longer than 4.3 hours a day, in order to prevent the occurrence of functional disabilities.

4.
Rev. Bras. Neurol. (Online) ; 58(1): 5-11, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377962

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar os domínios da função cognitiva com a capacidade funcional para as atividades básicas de vida diária de centenários. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com 66 idosos com 100 anos ou mais de idade, 45 do sexo feminino e 21 do masculino, com média de idade 102,14 ± 2,71 anos, residentes na Grande Florianópolis/SC. Foram avaliados os domínios da função cognitiva (Mini Exame do Estado Mental- MEEM) e a capacidade funcional (escala de Katz) dos centenários. Os dados foram tratados por meio do Kruskal-Wallis e o post hoc de Bonferroni, com nível de significância de 5%. Também analisou-se com o modelo de regressão multinominal, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: Houve diferença significativa entre os centenários MF (Mais Funcional) e Mf (Menos Funcional) em todos os domínios do MEEM: orientação temporal (p<0,001), orientação espacial (p<0,002), memória imediata (p<0,001), atenção e cálculo (p<0,013), memória e evocação (p<0,012) e linguagem (p<0,001) e, os Mf e com FI nos domínios do MEEM memória imediata (p<0,004) e linguagem (p<0,004). Conclusão: Os domínios da função cognitiva estão relacionados à capacidade funcional, ou seja, centenários que apresentam uma boa funcionalidade nas atividades da vida diária básica, possuem uma boa função cognitiva, no que diz respeito a orientação temporal e espacial, memória, cálculo, evocação e linguagem.


Objective: To verify the relationship between the domains of cognitive function and functional capacity for basic activities of daily living in centenarians. Methods: This is a descriptive study with 66 elderly aged 100 years or more, 45 females and 21 males, mean age 102.14 ± 2.71 years, residents in Greater Florianópolis/SC. The domains of cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination - MMSE) and functional capacity (Katz scale) of the centenarians were evaluated. The data were treated by Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni post hoc, with a 5% significance level. Results: There was significant difference between MF and Mf centenarians in all domains of MMSE: temporal orientation (p<0.001), spatial orientation (p<0.002), immediate memory (p<0.001), attention and calculation (p<0.013), memory and recall (p<0.012) and language (p<0.001) and, Mf (More Functional) and with FI (Less Functional) in the domains of MMSE immediate memory (p<0.004) and language (p<0.004). Conclusion: the domains of cognitive function are related to functional capacity, that is, centenarians who have good functionality have good cognitive function, with respect to temporal and spatial orientation, memory, calculation, evocation and language.

5.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 23(1): 125-139, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398855

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Embora atividade, cotidiano e ocupação sejam objetos centrais da Terapia Ocupacional brasileira, a literatura sugere pouca consistência conceitual sobre o assunto. No entanto, as diferentes teorias psicológicas sobre conceitos podem trazer entendimentos diversos sobre esta questão. Objetivo: Investigar a compreensão de estudantes de Terapia Ocupacional sobre os conceitos de atividade, ocupação e cotidiano. Método: Neste estudo qualitativo, 45 estudantes do último ano de um Curso de Graduação em Terapia Ocupacional participaram de um teste de associação de palavras, sendo os resultados submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Os participantes relacionaram a atividade mais diretamente com a prática da Terapia Ocupacional, utilizando termos como recurso, instrumento, objetivo, adaptação e análise. À ocupação, associaram-se termos como trabalho, papéis e participação. Para cotidiano, foram frequentes as categorias rotina, dia a dia e organização/repetição. Houve também a citação cruzada dos conceitos e a coocorrência de algumas categorias, como fazer, exemplos de atividades e atividades da vida diária. Discussão: A partir da visão teórica de conceitos, discute-se que atividade, ocupação e cotidiano se inter-relacionam nas redes conceituais dos graduandos, e suas perspectivas indicam uma pluralidade de influências da literatura da Terapia Ocupacional; os achados se aproximam de outras investigações, sugerindo a percepção de sutilezas que relacionam e ao mesmo tempo diferem tais conceitos. Conclusão: Observa-se que há coerência na diferenciação e nas relações entre os conceitos investigados; por outro lado, salienta-se a necessidade de explicitação das diversas conotações que estes conceitos podem assumir diante dos diferentes referenciais teóricos.


Introducción: Aunque actividad, cotidiano y ocupación sean objetos centrales de la Terapia Ocupacional brasileña, la literatura sugiere poca consistencia conceptual sobre el tema. Sin embargo, las diferentes teorías psicológicas sobre conceptos pueden aportar diferentes entendimientos sobre este tema. Objetivo: Investigar la comprensión de estudiantes de Terapia Ocupacional sobre los conceptos de actividad, ocupación y cotidiano. Método: En este estudio cualitativo, 45 estudiantes del último año del curso de Terapia Ocupacional participaron de una prueba de asociación de palabras y los resultados fueron sometidos a análisis de contenido. Resultados: Los participantes relacionaron actividad con la práctica de la Terapia Ocupacional, utilizando términos como recurso, instrumento, objetivo, adaptación y análisis. La ocupación se asoció con términos como trabajo, roles y participación. Para cotidiano fueron frecuentes las categorías rutina, día a día y organización/repetición. También hubo el cruce de conceptos y la coocurrencia de algunas categorías, como hacer, ejemplos de actividades y actividades de la vida diaria. Discusión: Desde la visión teórica de los conceptos, se discute que actividad, ocupación y cotidiano están interrelacionadas en las redes conceptuales de los estudiantes, y sus perspectivas indican una pluralidad de influencias de la literatura; los hallazgos son similares a otras investigaciones, sugiriendo la percepción de sutilezas que relacionan y al mismo tiempo difieren tales conceptos. Conclusión: Se observa que existe coherencia en la diferenciación y en las relaciones entre los conceptos investigados; por otro lado, se enfatiza la necesidad de explicar las distintas connotaciones que estos conceptos pueden asumir frente a diferentes referencias teóricas.


Introduction: Although activity, everyday life and occupation are central objects of the Brazilian Occupational Therapy, there is little conceptual consistency on these themes in the literature. However, different psychological theories about concepts can bring a diversity of understandings on this issue. Aim: To investigate the understanding of Occupational Therapy undergraduates, on the concepts of activity, occupation, and everyday life. Method: In this qualitative study, a word association test was applied to 45 senior undergraduates of an Occupational Therapy course and the results were subjected to content analysis. Results: Participants related activity to Occupational Therapy practice using terms such as resource, instrument, objective, adaptation, and analysis. Occupation was associated with terms such as work, roles, and participation. As for everyday life, the (daily) routine and organization/repetition categories were frequently found. Cross-citation of concepts and co-occurrence of some categories, such as examples of activities, doing, and activities of daily living were also observed. Discussion: From a theoretical view of concepts, this study discusses that activity, occupation, and everyday life are interrelated in the undergraduates' conceptual networks, and their perspectives indicate a plurality of influences from the Occupational Therapy literature. Findings corroborate those reported in other inquiries, suggesting the perception of subtleties that simultaneously associate and differentiate such concepts. Conclusion: There is consistency in the way undergraduates distinguish and relate the concepts investigated; in contrast, the need to explain the different connotations that these concepts can assume according to different theoretical frameworks is highlighted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Students , Universities , Activities of Daily Living , Occupational Therapy , Courses , Evaluation Studies as Topic
6.
Medwave ; 22(4): e002551, 30-05-2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371689

ABSTRACT

Introduction Walking speed is related to functionality in daily activities. Preventive Medicine Examination of the Chilean older adults is a vital prevention program for Chilean community- dwelling older adults. However, this evaluation does not include speed in its battery of tests. Objective To evaluate the functional classification spaces for threshold, reference, and categorization val-ues of self- selected and maximum walking speed applied to self- sufficient older adults. Methods Seventy- two self- sufficient older adults participated in this observational, exploratory, and cross- sectional study. Each participant was asked to walk naturally and then at full speed for three minutes. Through a dispersion graph between self- selected walking speed (axis "x") and maximum walking speed (axis "y"), functional classification spaces were constructed according to documented values for i) thresholds of basic functionality, ii) referential for the instrumental spectrum and iii) functional categorization for "household walker" (< 0.4 meters per second, m/s), "limited community ambulator" (0.40 to 0.80 m/s), "community ambulator" (0.81 to 1.3 m/s), and "cross street safely" (> 1.3 m/s). The relative frequency (%) of older adults who meet each established quadrant was determined. Results The threshold was reached by 100% of the participants (basic daily activities). About 80% of the older adults have a functional classification space below the reference limit (instrumental and advanced daily activities). It was also found that 81% of women and 69% of men are "efficient in the community", and 31% of men and 14% of women reach the minimum value for "effec-tive street crossing" (advanced daily activities). Conclusions The exploration of functional classification spaces according to self- selected walking speed and maximum walking speed applied to a group of self- sufficient older adults reveals that this pop-ulation is at risk of deteriorating instrumental and advanced activities of daily living.


Introducción La velocidad de marcha se relaciona con la funcionalidad en actividades cotidianas. El Examen de Medicina Preventiva del Adulto Mayor es un hito relevante en la prevención de adultos mayores chilenos de la comunidad. Sin embargo, no incorpora a la velocidad dentro de su batería de pruebas. Objetivo Evaluar una propuesta complementaria al Examen de Medicina Preventiva del Adulto Mayor según Espacios de Clasificación Funcional para valores umbrales, referenciales y de categorización de velocidad de marcha confortable y máxima aplicada a personas mayores autovalentes. Métodos Participaron en este estudio observacional, exploratorio y transversal 72 adultos mayores autovalentes. Se solicitó a cada participante caminar naturalmente y luego a máxima velocidad durante 3 minutos. A través de un gráfico de dispersión entre velocidad de mar-cha confortable (eje "x") y máxima (eje "y"), se construyeron Espacios de Clasificación Funcional según valores documentados para i) umbrales de funcionalidad básica, ii) referenciales para el espectro instrumental y iii) categorización funcional para actividades "dentro del hogar" (< 0,4 m/s), "limitadas en la comunidad" (0,40 a0,80 m/s), "eficiente en la comunidad" (0,81 a1,3 m/s) y "cruce seguro de calles" (> 1,3 m/s). Se determinó la frecuencia relativa (%) de adultos mayores que cumplen con cada cuadrante establecido. Resultados El umbral fue sobrepasado por el 100% de los participantes (actividades cotidianas básicas). Cerca del 80% de los participantes presenta un Espacio de Clasificación Funcional bajo el límite de referencia (actividades cotidianas instrumentales y avanzadas). El 81% de las mujeres y el 69% de los hombres, se encuentran dentro del Espacio de Clasificación Funcional "eficiente en la comuni-dad". El 31% de los hombres y el 14% de las mujeres alcanzan el valor mínimo para el "cruce efectivo de calles" (actividades coti-dianas avanzadas). Conclusiones La exploración de Espacios de Clasificación Funcional según de velocidad de marcha confortable y máxima aplicada a un grupo de adultos mayores clasificados como autovalentes, resulta en individuos con riesgo para desarrollar actividades instrumentales y avanzadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Walking Speed , Chile , Walking , Independent Living
7.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1421, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387067

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a capacidade funcional e o medo de cair em idosos cadastrados em uma unidade de saúde da família. Método: estudo descritivo e transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em janeiro de 2019, no domicílio de 157 idosos cadastrados em uma unidade de saúde da família do município de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. Para a coleta foi utilizado um instrumento semiestruturado, composto de questões sociodemográficas, histórico de quedas, o índice de Barthel e a Escala Internacional de Eficácia em Quedas. A análise foi efetivada pela estatística descritiva e inferencial, utilizando-se o teste de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: houve correlação entre atividades que compõem a análise da capacidade funcional e o medo de cair, em que se observou significância estatística entre elas, verificando-se que quanto menor a capacidade funcional, maior será o medo de cair. Considerações Finais: concluiu-se que, frente ao declínio fisiológico, social e psicológico oriundos do envelhecimento humano, é importante o planejamento de intervenções que abordem o medo de cair em idosos, com vistas a preservar sua capacidade funcional.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la capacidad funcional y el miedo a las caídas en personas mayores inscritas en una unidad de salud familiar. Método: estudio descriptivo y transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en enero de 2019, en los hogares de 157 ancianos inscritos en una unidad de salud familiar en la ciudad de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un instrumento semiestructurado, compuesto por preguntas sociodemográficas, historial de caídas, índice de Barthel y la Escala Internacional de Eficacia de Caídas. El análisis se realizó mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial, utilizando la prueba de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: hubo correlación entre las actividades que componen el análisis de capacidad funcional y el miedo a caer, en la que se observó significación estadística entre ellas, comprobándose que, a menor capacidad funcional, mayor miedo a caer. Consideraciones finales: se concluyó que, dado el deterioro fisiológico, social y psicológico derivado del envejecimiento humano, es importante planificar intervenciones que aborden el miedo a las caídas en los ancianos, con el objetivo de preservar su capacidad funcional.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the functional capacity and fear of falling in elderly people enrolled in a family health unit. Method: descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, carried out in January 2019, at the homes of 157 elderly people registered in a family health unit in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. For data collection, a semi-structured instrument was used, composed of sociodemographic questions, history of falls, the Barthel index and the Falls Efficacy Scale-International. The analysis was carried out by descriptive and inferential statistics, using the Spearman correlation test. Results: there was a correlation between activities that make up the analysis of functional capacity and the fear of falling, in which there was statistical significance between them, verifying that the lower the functional capacity, the greater the fear of falling. Final Considerations: it was concluded that, in view of the physiological, social, and psychological decline resulting from human aging, it is important to plan interventions that address the fear of falling in the elderly, in order to preserve their functional capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Accidental Falls , Health of the Elderly , Aging , Health Centers , Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data , Family Health
8.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022216, 06 abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391908

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Supine-To-Stand task is a basic activity of daily life capable of quickly and simply tracking motor functional competence. Its performance can be assessed quantitatively and qualitatively, respectively, by time and categories identified bychecklists. High-reliability levels were founded in studies with time investigation. However, reliability levels are lower in studies with qualitative measures due to thepossible evaluator subjectivity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of reliability of the Supine-To-Stand task in the elderly. METHODS: The convenience sample consisted of 49 elderly people (≥60 years), free from dementia or any disease that prevented them from carrying out the Supine-To-Stand task without assistance. The study was basedon Reliability Study Reporting Guidelines. The participants were filmed performing the Supine-To-Stand task using a cell phone video camera and the images were decoded bytwo trained evaluators. The process of collecting and analyzing the videos was carried out from July to November 2019. The intra- and inter-rater reliability was analyzed by the Kappa coefficient (p≤0.05). RESULTS: The coefficients found for intra-rater reliability wereK=0.761 and 0.542; 0.744 and 0.525; 0.692 and 0.684 and, inter-evaluators K=0.527, 0.342 and 0.766, respectively, for upper limbs, axial region and lower limbs. CONCLUSION: In general, for the three-body regions described by the checklist used, coefficients fromreasonable to substantial reliability were found, both for intra- and inter-rater analyses.


INTRODUÇÃO: A tarefa de levantar-se do solo a partir da posição decúbito dorsal é uma atividade básica da vida diária capaz de rastrear de forma rápida e simples a competência funcional motora. Seu desempenho pode ser avaliado de forma quantitativa e qualitativa, respectivamente, por tempo e categorias identificadas por listas de checagem. Níveis de confiabilidade em estudos que investigaram o tempo elevados. Porém, a confiabilidade das medidas qualitativa sofre maior oscilação devido à possível subjetividade do avaliador. OBJETIVO: Determinar o nível de confiabilidade da tarefa de levantar-se do solo em idosos. MÉTODOS: A amostra de conveniência foi composta por 49 idosos (≥60 anos), livres de demência ou qualquer doença que os impedisse de realizar a tarefa de levantar do solo sem auxílio. O estudo baseou-se em Diretrizes para Relatórios de Estudos de Confiabilidade. Os participantes foram filmados por meio de câmera de vídeo de celular, realizando a tarefa de levantar-se do solo e as imagens foram decodificadas por dois avaliadores treinados. O processo de coleta e análise dos vídeos foi realizado de julho à novembro de 2019. A confiabilidade intra e inter-avaliadores foi analisada pelo Coeficiente Kappa (p≤0,05). RESULTADOS: Os coeficientes encontrados para a confiabilidade intra-avaliadores foram K=0,761 e 0,542; 0,744 e 0,525; 0,692 e 0,684 e, inter-avaliadores K=0,527, 0,342 e 0,766, respectivamente, para membros superiores, região axial e membros inferiores. CONCLUSÃO: Em geral, para as três regiões corporais descritas pela lista de checagem utilizada foram encontrados coeficientes de razoável à substancial confiabilidade, tanto para análises intra quanto inter-avaliadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Health of the Elderly , Data Accuracy , Motor Activity , Motor Skills
9.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 34(1): 166-175, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388051

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar se as escalas de desempenho físico funcional e a pergunta surpresa ("Eu ficaria surpreso se esse paciente morresse em 6 meses?") predizem limitações de suporte de vida e mortalidade em pacientes críticos não cirúrgicos. Metódos: Participaram desta coorte prospectiva 114 pacientes admitidos do serviço de emergência em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. O desempenho físico funcional foi avaliado pelo Palliative Prognostic Score, pela Escala de Desempenho de Karnofsky e pela escala de Atividades de Vida Diária de Katz. Dois intensivistas responderam à pergunta surpresa. Resultados: Os escores de desempenho físico funcional propostos foram significativamente menores em pacientes com limitações de suporte de vida e naqueles que vieram a óbito durante a hospitalização. A resposta negativa à pergunta surpresa foi mais frequente no mesmo subgrupo de pacientes. A análise univariada ajustada mostrou aumento da razão de chances para limitações de suporte de vida e morte em relação à escala de Atividades de Vida Diária (1,35 [1,01 - 1,78] e 1,34 [1,0 - 1,79], respectivamente) e uma resposta negativa para a pergunta surpresa (42,35 [11,62 - 154,43] e 47,79 [11,41 - 200,25], respectivamente), com p < 0,05 para todos os resultados. Conclusão: Todas as escalas de desempenho físico funcional apresentaram escores mais baixos em não sobreviventes e em pacientes com limitações de suporte de vida. A redução da capacidade funcional prévia à internação e a resposta negativa à pergunta surpresa aumentaram as chances de limitações de suporte de vida e mortalidade em nossa coorte de pacientes não cirúrgicos da unidade de terapia intensiva com entrada no serviço de emergência.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess whether scales of physical functional performance and the surprise question ("Would I be surprised if this patient died in 6 months?") predict life support limitations and mortality in critically ill nonsurgical patients. Methods: We included 114 patients admitted from the Emergency Department to an intensive care unit in this prospective cohort. Physical functional performance was assessed by the Palliative Prognostic Score, Karnofsky Performance Status, and the Katz Activities of Daily Living scale. Two intensivists responded to the surprise question. Results: The proposed physical functional performance scores were significantly lower in patients with life support limitations and those who died during the hospital stay. A negative response to the surprise question was more frequent in the same subset of patients. Adjusted univariable analysis showed an increased odds ratio for life support limitations and death regarding the activities of daily living scale (1.35 [1.01 - 1.78] and 1.34 [1.0 - 1.79], respectively) and a negative response for the surprise question (42.35 [11.62 - 154.43] and 47.79 [11.41 - 200.25], respectively); with a p < 0.05 for all results. Conclusion: All physical functional performance scales showed lower scores in nonsurvivors and patients with life support limitations. The activities of daily living score and the surprise question increased the odds of life support limitations and mortality in our cohort of nonsurgical intensive care unit patients admitted from the Emergency Department.

10.
Curitiba; s.n; 20220221. 131 p. graf, ilus, mapas, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1370432

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Trata-se de estudo quantitativo transversal cujo objetivo foi analisar a correlação entre funcionalidade e força de preensão manual e a condição de fragilidade física em idosos da atenção primária à saúde. Participaram 389 idosos (=60 anos) de ambos os sexos, cadastrados em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde de Curitiba, Paraná. A coleta de dados ocorreu de janeiro a novembro de 2019, foi precedida pela aplicação do miniexame do estado mental, seguida dos questionários sociodemográfico e clínico, escala da medida de independência funcional (MIF) e avaliação da fragilidade física. Os dados foram organizados no programa Microsoft Excel® 2007 e analisados no software R CORE TEAM, mediante estatística descritiva, análises bivariadas (p<0,05), testes de Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn, qui-quadrado e Spearman. Dos 389 idosos, 34 (8,7%) eram frágeis, 186 (47,8%) pré-frágeis, 169 (43,5%) não frágeis, 255 (65,6%) do sexo feminino e 186 (47,8%) na faixa etária entre 60 e 69 anos. A FPM reduzida foi identificada em 82 (21%) idosos e distribuída entre 27 (79,5%) frágeis e 55 (29,5%) pré-frágeis. Houve correlação significativa entre funcionalidade e força de preensão manual segundo à condição de fragilidade física (Pˆ= 0,330; p=<0,001). A média da FPM foi maior no grupo de idosos não frágeis (28,9 Kgf), comparada aos pré-frágeis (24,6 Kgf) e frágeis (17,1 Kgf). A pontuação média da funcionalidade (MIF) foi maior no grupo de idosos não frágeis (122,1 pontos) em relação aos pré-frágeis (120,6pontos) e frágeis (114,2 pontos). Quanto à tarefa da MIF "controle de urina", observou-se elevada frequência idosos frágeis completamente dependentes (n=9; 26,4%) e pré-frágeis moderadamente dependentes (n=52; 27,9%). Para a tarefa "interação social" observou-se expressiva frequência de idosos frágeis moderadamente dependentes(n=12; 35,3%). Para a tarefa "resolução de problemas" evidenciou-se a mesma frequência (n=7; 20,6%) de idosos frágeis completamente dependentes e moderadamente dependentes. Na avaliação da tarefa "memória" destacaram-se os pré-frágeis moderadamente dependentes (n=26; 14%). A correlação entre funcionalidade (MIF) e FPM se mostrou fraca, positiva e significativa entre os idosos da amostra investigada (Pˆ= 0,330; p=<0,001), entre os não frágeis (Pˆ= 0,252;p=<0,001) e entre os pré-frágeis (Pˆ= 0,236; p=0,001). O desempenho nas tarefas "controle de urina" e "subir e descer escadas" correlacionou-se significativamente à FPM (p=<0,005) entre os idosos pré-frágeis. Destacam-se, com maior coeficiente de correlação com a FPM, as tarefas "controle de urina" para os idosos não frágeis (Pˆ=0,309) e "subir e descer escadas" para os pré-frágeis (Pˆ=0,222). Já a tarefa "resolução de problemas" correlacionou-se à FPM entre os idosos pré-frágeis (p=<0,004) e frágeis (p=<0,017), sendo entre esses o maior coeficiente de correlação (Pˆ= 0,408). Verifica-se ainda a correlação entre a tarefa "expressão verbal e não verbal" e a FPM para o grupo de idosos frágeis (p=<0,025; Pˆ= 0,383). Conclui-se que houve correlação positiva entre funcionalidade e FPM entre os idosos não frágeis e pré-frágeis, indicando que quanto maior a FPM, melhor é o desempenho funcional. Destacam-se resultados expressivos para a prática clínica de enfermagem gerontológica, que podem subsidiar estratégias preventivas voltadas à manutenção da FPM e da funcionalidade, principalmente entre os idosos não frágeis e pré-frágeis.


Abstract: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study whose objective was to analyze the correlation between functionality and handgrip strength and the condition of physical frailty in elderly people in primary health care. Participants were 389 elderly people (=60 years) of both sexes, registered at a Basic Health Unit in Curitiba, Paraná. Data collection took place from January to November 2019, was preceded by the application of the mini-mental state exam, followed by sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires, functional independence measure scale (FIM), and assessment of physical frailty. Data were organized in Microsoft Excel® 2007 program and analyzed in R CORE TEAM software, using descriptive statistics, bivariate analyzes (p<0.05), Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn, chi-square, and Spearman tests. Of the 389 elderly, 34 (8.7%) were frail, 186 (47.8%) were pre-frail, 169 (43.5%) were non-frail, 255 (65.6%) were female and 186 (47.8%) in the age group between 60 and 69 years. Reduced HGS was identified in 82 (21%) elderly and distributed among 27 (79.5%) frail and 55 (29.5%) pre-frail. There was a significant correlation between functionality and handgrip strength according to the condition of physical frailty (Pˆ=0.330; p=<0.001). The average HGS was higher in the group of non-frail elderly (28.9 Kgf), compared to pre-frail (24.6 Kgf) and frail (17.1 Kgf). The mean functionality score (MIF) was higher in the group of non-frail elderly (122.1 points) compared to pre-frail (120.6 points) and frail (114.2 points). As for the FIM task "urine control", a high frequency of completely dependent frail elderly (n=9; 26.4%) and moderately dependent pre-frail (n=52; 27.9%) was observed. For the "social interaction" task, there was a significant frequency of moderately dependent frail elderly was observed (n=12; 35.3%). For the "problem solving" task, the same frequency (n=7; 20.6%) of completely dependent and moderately dependent frail elderly individuals was observed. In the evaluation of the "memory" task, the moderately dependent pre-frail stood out (n=26; 14%). The correlation between functionality (MIF) and HGS was weak, positive, and significant among the elderly in the investigated sample (Pˆ= 0.330; p=<0.001), among the nonfrail (Pˆ=0.252; p=<0.001) and among the elderly. pre-fragile (Pˆ= 0.236; p=0.001). The performance in the tasks "urine control" and "going up and down stairs" was significantly correlated with HGS (p=<0.005) among the pre-frail elderly. The tasks "urine control" for the non-frail elderly (Pˆ=0.309) and "going up and down stairs" for the pre-frail stand out, with the highest correlation coefficient with HGS (Pˆ=0.222). The "problem solving" task was correlated with HGS among pre-frail (p=<0.004) and frail (p=<0.017) elderly, with the highest correlation coefficient (Pˆ=0.408) among these. There is also a correlation between the task "verbal and non-verbal expression" and HGS for the frail elderly group (p=<0.025; Pˆ=0.383). It was concluded that there was a positive correlation between functionality and HGS among the non-frail and pre-frail elderly, indicating that the higher the HGS, the better the functional performance. Significant results for the clinical practice of gerontological nursing stand out, which can support preventive strategies aimed at maintaining HGS and functionality, especially among non-frail and pre-frail elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged , Frail Elderly , Hand Strength , Social Interaction , Geriatric Nursing , Nursing Care
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(3): e20210093, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341096

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to understand the perceptions of ethics and bioethics and how to be ethical and bioethical in daily life of Primary Health Care, from the perspective of nurses. Methods: this is a Holistic-qualitative Multiple Case Study, based on Comprehensive Everyday Sociology, with 54 participants. Results: two subcategories and the category Being ethical and bioethical in daily life of PHC: nurses' perceptions emerged. The ethical and bioethical being permeates a subjective and abstract self, whose fears, anxieties and concerns are intertwined with the human and professional dimensions in daily work and in personal-professional relationship. Ethics and bioethics perceptions emerge from subjectivity, established relationships, lived experiences and daily actions of nurses essential to the profession, professionals and individuals to be cared for. Final Considerations: ethical and bioethical perceptions and attitudes are essential to care, management and organizational actions, health care, and the safety of users and professionals.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender las nociones de ética y bioética y cómo ser ético y bioético en la vida diaria de la Atención Primaria de Salud, desde la perspectiva del profesional de enfermería. Método: Estudio de caso múltiple holístico-cualitativo, basado en la sociología integral del día a día, con 54 participantes. Resultados: presenta la categoría Ser ético y bioético en la vida diaria de la APS: nociones del enfermero y dos subcategorías. El ser ético y bioético impregna un yo subjetivo y abstracto, cuyos miedos, ansiedades y preocupaciones se entrelazan con las dimensiones humana y profesional en el trabajo diario y en la relación personal-profesional. Las nociones de ética y bioética surgen de la subjetividad, de las relaciones establecidas, de las vivencias y acciones cotidianas de los enfermeros esenciales para la profesión, el profesional y el individuo a cuidar. Consideraciones finales: las nociones y actitudes éticas y bioéticas son fundamentales para el cuidado, la gestión y las acciones organizativas, la atención de la salud y la seguridad de los usuarios y profesionales.


RESUMO Objetivos: compreender as noções de ética e bioética e como ser ético e bioético no quotidiano da Atenção Primária à Saúde, a partir do olhar do profissional enfermeiro. Métodos: Estudo de Casos Múltiplos Holístico-qualitativo, fundamentado na Sociologia Compreensiva do Quotidiano, com 54 participantes. Resultados: apresenta a categoria Ser ético e bioético no quotidiano da APS: noções do enfermeiro e duas subcategorias. O ser ético e bioético perpassa por um eu subjetivo e abstrato, cujos medos, anseios e preocupações entrelaçam-se às dimensões humanas e profissionais no quotidiano do trabalho e da relação pessoal-profissional. As noções de ética e bioética emergem da subjetividade, das relações estabelecidas, experiências vividas e ações cotidianas dos enfermeiros essenciais à profissão, ao profissional e ao indivíduo a ser cuidado. Considerações Finais: as noções e atitudes éticas e bioéticas são essenciais às ações assistenciais, gerenciais e organizativas, ao cuidado à saúde, e à segurança de usuários e profissionais.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expectations of patients for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to analyze its influencing factors.@*METHODS@#Experimental design: Single center, retrospective, multiple regression analysis. The data including the age, height, and weight of 108 patients undergoing unilateral TKA due to end-stage osteoarthritis were obtained. The patients' preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee arthroplasty expectation score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) score, Knee Society score (KSS), the MOS 36-item short-from health survey (SF-36) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated, and the 30-second chair-stand test (30-CST), 40-meter fast-paced walk test (40-FPWT), 12-level stair-climb test (12-SCT), 3-meter timed up-and-go test (TUG), 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and recorded daily steps for 7 consecutive days were performed. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The observed values of various data were described. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between various parameters, and the multi-factor linear regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors of the patients preoperative expectation scores.@*RESULTS@#The average expectation score of this group of patients was 58.98±5.44. In the Pearson correlation analysis, the patient's preoperative expectation had a weak correlation to the result of the patient's 12-SCT, TUG, 6-MWT, KSS function score, and SF-36 mental component score (correlation coefficient 0.1-0.3). The patient's preoperative expectation had a moderate correlation to the patient's daily average steps, 30-CST, 40-FPWT, KSS, WOMAC and its pain, stiffness, function scores, SF-36 physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, vitality, and physical component score (correlation coefficient 0.3-0.6). In the multivariate linear regression analysis, only the results of 30-CST and the role-physical, bodily pain and vitality in the SF-36 scale were related to the patient's expectation score (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The estimated expectation score of patients before TKA is not high. Patients with more severe preoperative pain, worse physical function, and lower overall health are more eager to improve after surgery. Thus surgeons must communicate fully with patients with unrealistic expectations before surgery in order to obtain more satisfactory results postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Motivation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of working memory training on executive functioning and ability in the activities of daily living after a stroke.Methods:Forty-six stroke survivors were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, each of 23. Both groups received conventional cognitive rehabilitation (including computer-assisted cognition training and virtual reality training using upper limb rehabilitation robots), while the experimental group also received working memory training. Before, as well as after 4 and 8 weeks of the treatment, both groups′ executive functioning was evaluated using the Trail Making test, the Frontal Assessment Battery and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test-64. Ability in the activities of daily living was quantified using the functional independence measures (FIMs).Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in any of the measurements before the training. After 4 weeks the average scores of the experimental group on all four instruments were significantly higher than the control group′s averages. After 8 weeks the average scores had improved significantly more. The treatment group performed significantly better than the control group throughout.Conclusions:Working memory training can improve executive functioning and the daily life of stroke survivors.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 325-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the cognitive function of elderly inpatients in Qinghai and analyze the influencing factors in this prospective study.Methods:A total of 1077 elderly inpatients were enrolled for general information investigation, including the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short form(MNA-SF), Geriatric Depression Scale 15(GDS-15), FRAIL Scale, activities of daily living(ADL), instrumental ability of daily living(IADL)and the Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE).Results:The 1077 elderly inpatients being subjected in this study, included 470 in the cognitive impairment(CI)group and 607 in the normal group.The prevalence of CI in hospitalized elderly patients was 43.64%(470/1077). The results of univariate analysis showed that as compared with the normal group, the proportion of cognitive impairment was higher in female, elder patients, and boiling tea-drinker, otherwise the proportion of CI was lower in patients living with the spouse, normal sleep, often eating beef and mutton( P<0.01 or P<0.05); FRAIL Scale, ADL total score, and IADL total score were higher in the normal group than in the CI group( P<0.01); the elderly depression score and frailty score were higher in the CI group than in the normal group( P<0.01). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of CI was higher in female and people frequently drinking boiling tea than in male and people not frequently drinking boiling tea( OR=0.740, 1.211, both P<0.05), and that frequent consumption of beef and mutton, and reasonable levels of nutrition, ADL, and IADL were protective factors for CI in elderly hospitalized patients( OR=0.780, 0.938, 0.956, 0.895, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of cognitive impairment in hospitalized elderly patients in Qinghai is relatively high.Female and often drinking boiling tea may increase the risk of cognitive impairment.Regularly eating beef and mutton, reasonable levels of nutrition, maintaining good daily life ability can delay cognitive impairment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between cognitive function and living ability of older adult patients living in a mining community.Methods:A total of 180 older adult patients living in a mining community who received treatment during July-October 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into the low-age group (< 68 years old, n = 94) and the high-age group (≥ 68 years old, n = 86). Cognitive function and living ability were evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and the Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL). The relationship between cognitive function and living ability was investigated using hierarchical analysis and Pearson correlation analysis. Results:The proportions of older adult patients with abnormal cognitive function identified by the MMSE and MoCA were 39.4% and 66.0%, respectively in the low-age group, and they were 32.6% and 61.6%, respectively in the high-age group. The MoCA had a greater performance in identifying abnormal cognitive function in each group than the MMSE ( χ2 = 26.69, 10.18, both P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in proportions of older adult patients with abnormal cognitive function identified by the MMSE and MoCA between low-age and high-age groups ( χ2 = 0.90, 0.36, both P > 0.05). The proportion of older adult patients with abnormal living ability was not significantly different between low-age and high-age groups (4.3% vs. 10.5%, χ2 = 2.58, P > 0.05). Compared with patients negative for MMSE items, living ability and instrumental activity of daily living increased by 7.0% and 9.4% in low-age patients positive for MMSE items (both P < 0.05). Compared with patients negative for MoCA items, living ability increased by 3.5% in low-age patients positive for MoCA items ( P < 0.05). Correlation analysis revealed that total scores of MMSE and MoCA were significantly negatively correlated with ADL score ( r = -0.26, -0.27, both P < 0.001) and instrumental activity of daily living score ( r = -0.27, -0.27, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Cognitive function and living ability are correlated in older adult patients living in a mining community. We should pay attention to the screening results of cognitive disorder in older adult patients and improve their living ability by improving their cognitive function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939988

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of an intelligent aerobic bicycle training on lower limb motor function, cardiopulmonary function and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with ischemic stroke at different courses. MethodsFrom November, 2019 to November, 2021, 138 ischemic stroke patients were stratified-randomly divided into control group (n = 69) and experimental group (n = 69). All the patients received medication and routine rehabilitation training, and the experimental group additionally received intelligent aerobic bicycle training, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), Six-minute Walk Test (6MWT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) before, and four weeks and eight weeks after treatment. ResultsThe performances of FMA-LE, VO2peak, 6MWT and MBI improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 6.763, P < 0.001), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.439, P < 0.05). For the patients beginning training less than one month after stroke, the performances of FMA-LE, VO2peak and 6MWT improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.036, P < 0.05); for those during one to three months, the performances of 6MWT and MBI improved more (|t| > 2.005, P < 0.05); for those during three to six months, the performances of all the tests were not significantly different (|t| < 1.303, P > 0.05). ConclusionIntelligent aerobic bicycle training may improve the lower limb motor function, cardiopulmonary function and ADL for patients with ischemic stroke, especially intervening earlier.

17.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924599

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the effect of exclusion items on the KRW achievement index (KRW-AI) in the outcome evaluation of a convalescent rehabilitation ward.Methods:The subjects were 812 inpatients in a convalescent rehabilitation ward. The objective variable was the KRW-AI of 40 or less, and the explanatory variables were the items excluded from the KRW-AI and their combination for a total of eight categories, such as (1) low motor FIM, (2) high motor FIM, (3) low cognitive FIM, (4) elderly, (5) (1)+(3), (6) (1)+(4), (7) (3)+(4), (8) (1)+(3)+(4). The adjusted variables were sex, rehabilitation calculation category, and time from onset to admission to the ward. Poisson regression analysis was performed. The Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated.Results:Five of the eight exclusion categories were significantly associated with low-KRW-AI scores. The highest IRR was 2.29 (95% CI:1.41-3.69, p<0.001) for (2).Conclusion:High motor FIM are associated with a higher relative risk of falling below the KRW-AI of 40. Conversely, being older and the presence of cognitive disorder did not interfere with low-KRW-AI scores.

18.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924556

ABSTRACT

Objective:We analyzed whether activities of daily living (ADL) had an additive effect on the discharge destination of hospitalized older patients with internal medicine.Methods:Of the 691 patients hospitalized for medical illness aged 65 years or older who received physical therapy during this study period, 186 patients were included in the analysis. The main outcome was the discharge destination. Participants were categorized in the home discharge group and other institution group. The Barthel Index (BI) was used to assess the ADL at the first physical therapy session. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the BI on determining the discharge destination. The cut-off point of the BI score was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:During the follow-up period, 17 participants (9.1%) could not be discharged to their homes. Logistic regression analysis showed that the BI influenced discharge destinations (odds ratio:1.54;95% confidence intervals:1.23-1.89). The cut-off point of the BI score for determining home discharge was 72.5 (sensitivity, 0.80;specificity, 0.94;area under the curve, 0.94;positive predictive value:0.99, negative predictive value:0.32).Conclusions:These findings suggest that the BI is a useful predictor for determining the potential destination of hospitalized older patients following discharge. However, the results of this study have limitations such as a low negative predictive value and a limited number of subjects.

19.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924444

ABSTRACT

Objective:We analyzed whether activities of daily living (ADL) had an additive effect on the discharge destination of hospitalized older patients with internal medicine.Methods:Of the 691 patients hospitalized for medical illness aged 65 years or older who received physical therapy during this study period, 186 patients were included in the analysis. The main outcome was the discharge destination. Participants were categorized in the home discharge group and other institution group. The Barthel Index (BI) was used to assess the ADL at the first physical therapy session. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the BI on determining the discharge destination. The cut-off point of the BI score was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:During the follow-up period, 17 participants (9.1%) could not be discharged to their homes. Logistic regression analysis showed that the BI influenced discharge destinations (odds ratio:1.54;95% confidence intervals:1.23-1.89). The cut-off point of the BI score for determining home discharge was 72.5 (sensitivity, 0.80;specificity, 0.94;area under the curve, 0.94;positive predictive value:0.99, negative predictive value:0.32).Conclusions:These findings suggest that the BI is a useful predictor for determining the potential destination of hospitalized older patients following discharge. However, the results of this study have limitations such as a low negative predictive value and a limited number of subjects.

20.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the effect of exclusion items on the KRW achievement index (KRW-AI) in the outcome evaluation of a convalescent rehabilitation ward.Methods:The subjects were 812 inpatients in a convalescent rehabilitation ward. The objective variable was the KRW-AI of 40 or less, and the explanatory variables were the items excluded from the KRW-AI and their combination for a total of eight categories, such as (1) low motor FIM, (2) high motor FIM, (3) low cognitive FIM, (4) elderly, (5) (1)+(3), (6) (1)+(4), (7) (3)+(4), (8) (1)+(3)+(4). The adjusted variables were sex, rehabilitation calculation category, and time from onset to admission to the ward. Poisson regression analysis was performed. The Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated.Results:Five of the eight exclusion categories were significantly associated with low-KRW-AI scores. The highest IRR was 2.29 (95% CI:1.41-3.69, p<0.001) for (2).Conclusion:High motor FIM are associated with a higher relative risk of falling below the KRW-AI of 40. Conversely, being older and the presence of cognitive disorder did not interfere with low-KRW-AI scores.

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