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Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(6): 808-814, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403242


ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hyperthyroidism and its treatment on body weight and composition, insulin resistance, and mediators of appetite and energy homeostasis, namely ghrelin, leptin, adiponectin, and fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). Subjects and methods: Thirty-five adult patients (27 female and 8 male, aged 39.63 ± 9.70 years) with overt hyperthyroidism were evaluated for leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, and FGF21 levels; insulin resistance; and body composition using DEXA both at baseline and a minimum of two months following normalization of serum thyroxin on carbimazole treatment. Comparison of means between the baseline and post treatment values was performed by the paired t test for normally distributed parameters and by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for non-normally distributed data. Results: Hyperthyroidism correction resulted in an increase in weight from 51.15 ± 8.50 kg to 55.74 ± 8.74 kg (P < 0.001), paradoxically accompanied by a decrease in insulin resistance as measured by HOMA-IR from 1.35 (1.02-1.72) to 0.73 (0.52-0.93) ( P < 0.001). Correction of hyperthyroidism was also associated with a decrease in FGF21 from 58 (55-64) to 52 (47-58) pg/mL ( P < 0.001) and in leptin levels from 17 (7-36) to 11 (4.6-28) ng/mL ( P = 0.03). Conclusion: Despite lower body weight, thyrotoxicosis is associated with insulin resistance. High levels of thermogenic hormones, leptin, and FGF21 were observed in thyrotoxicosis and may be partly responsible for the excessive heat production typical of this condition.

International Eye Science ; (12): 135-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906749


@#AIM: To investigate the correlation between lipid metabolism disorder and retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)of premature infants. <p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 48 premature infants mothers who were hospitalized and diagnosed with ROP in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2017 to December 2018. Forty-eight hospitalized no-rop premature infants mothers were enrolled as the control group during the same period. The two groups were compared in terms of blood lipids and adiponectin level in the third trimester. Pearson correlation and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between adiponectin and blood lipids and risk factors of retinopathy in premature infants. <p>RESULTS: The total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein and apolipoprotein B level in the observation group were all higher than those in the control group, while high-density lipoprotein, adiponectin and apolipoprotein A1 level were lower than those in the control group. In addition, Pearson correlation analysis showed correlation between adiponectin and blood lipid levels, while Logistic regression analysis showed increased of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein B and decreased of high-density lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein A1 were risk factors for ROP.<p>CONCLUSION: Pearson test indicated positive correlation between lipid disorders of third trimester and retinopathy of premature infants, which may be related to adiponectin. In clinical work, we should focus on strengthening the guidance of maternal nutrition to reduce the incidence of ROP.

Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 442-452, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939906


OBJECTIVE@#Depression and metabolic disorders have overlapping psychosocial and pathophysiological causes. Current research is focused on the possible role of adiponectin in regulating common biological mechanisms. Xiaoyao San (XYS), a classic Chinese medicine compound, has been widely used in the treatment of depression and can alleviate metabolic disorders such as lipid or glucose metabolism disorders. However, the ability of XYS to ameliorate depression-like behavior as well as metabolic dysfunction in mice and the underlying mechanisms are unclear.@*METHODS@#An in vivo animal model of depression was established by chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). XYS and fluoxetine were administered by gavage to the drug intervention group. Depression-like behaviors were analyzed by the social interaction test, open field test, forced swim test, and elevated plus maze test. Glucose levels were measured using the oral glucose tolerance test. The involvement of certain molecules was validated by immunofluorescence, histopathology, and Western blotting. In vitro, hypothalamic primary neurons were exposed to high glucose to induce neuronal damage, and the neuroprotective effect of XYS was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assay. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to evaluate the influences of XYS on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1), adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and other related proteins.@*RESULTS@#XYS ameliorated CSDS-induced depression-like behaviors and glucose tolerance impairment in mice and increased the level of serum adiponectin. XYS also restored Nissl bodies in hypothalamic neurons in mice that exhibited depression-like behaviors and decreased the degree of neuronal morphological damage. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that XYS increased the expression of AdipoR1 in hypothalamic neurons.@*CONCLUSION@#Adiponectin may be a key regulator linking depression and metabolic disorders; regulation of the hypothalamic AdipoR1/AMPK/ACC pathway plays an important role in treatment of depression by XYS.

AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase/metabolism , Adiponectin/metabolism , Animals , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , China , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glucose , Hypothalamus/metabolism , Mice , Receptors, Adiponectin/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094


This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.

Adipose Tissue , Aging , Animals , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 90(6): 475-485, ene. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404931


Resumen OBJETIVOS: Evaluar las concentraciones séricas maternas de las adipocinas: adiponectina, adipsina, leptina, lipocalina-2, proteína quimioatrayente de monocitos-1, factor de crecimiento nervioso, resistina y factor de necrosis tumoral alfa y su relación con el índice de masa corporal previo al embarazo y la ganancia de peso gestacional en mujeres con preeclampsia comparadas con mujeres sanas, y hacer un análisis de la clasificación de preeclampsia en temprana y tardía. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, comparativo, retrolectivo, con muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia efectuado en pacientes atendidas en el Hospital de Gineco-Obstetricia 3, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). En el preoperatorio se tomó una muestra de sangre para determinar las concentraciones séricas de las adipocinas mediante ensayos multianalito. RESULTADOS: Se estudió una muestra de 75 mujeres con embarazo sano y 44 con preeclampsia (temprana n = 20, tardía n = 24). Solo las concentraciones de adipsina, leptina y factor de necrosis tumoral alfa fueron mayores en preeclampsia que en el embarazo sano [mediana (rango intercuartílico): 3.9 µg/mL (2.9-5.4) vs 2.5 µg/mL (1.9-3.1), 10.6 ng/mL (6.0-19.1) en comparación con 7.1 ng/mL (3.8-12.4), 3.6 pg/mL (2.7-5.8) vs 2.9 (2.3-3.5), respectivamente]. Las concentraciones de las adipocinas no se correlacionaron con el índice de masa corporal previo al embarazo ni con la ganancia de peso gestacional. No hubo diferencias significativas en las concentraciones entre los subtipos de preeclampsia. CONCLUSIÓN: En el tercer trimestre del embarazo la preeclampsia se asocia con un perfil sérico de adipocinas alterado, caracterizado por concentraciones elevadas de adipsina, leptina y factor de necrosis tumoral alfa, que no se relaciona con el índice de masa corporal previo al embarazo, la ganancia de peso gestacional y el subtipo de preeclampsia.

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal serum concentrations of adipokines: adiponectin, adipsin, leptin, lipocalin-2, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, nerve growth factor, resistin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha and their relationship with pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain in women with preeclampsia compared with healthy women, and to perform an analysis classifying preeclampsia as early and late. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative, retrolective, non-probabilistic convenience sampling study carried out in patients attended at the Hospital de Gineco-Obstetricia 3, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Preoperatively, a blood sample was taken to determine serum adipokine concentrations by multianalyte assays. RESULTS: A sample of 75 women with healthy pregnancy and 44 with preeclampsia (early n = 20, late n = 24) was studied. Only adipsin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations were higher in preeclampsia than in healthy pregnancy [median (interquartile range): 3. 9 µg/mL (2.9-5.4) vs. 2.5 µg/mL (1.9-3.1), 10.6 ng/mL (6.0-19.1) compared to 7.1 ng/mL (3.8-12.4), 3.6 pg/mL (2.7-5.8) vs. 2.9 (2.3-3.5), respectively]. Adipokine concentrations did not correlate with pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain. There were no significant differences in concentrations between preeclampsia subtypes. CONCLUSION: In the third trimester of pregnancy, preeclampsia is associated with an altered serum adipokine profile, characterized by elevated concentrations of adipsin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, which is not related to prepregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and preeclampsia subtype.

Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 53: e320, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365450


Resumen Introducción: Es importante identificar los polimorfismos de interés clínico en patologías complejas como el Síndrome Metabólico. Por esto, las metodologías para su evaluación deben estar diseñadas y validadas correctamente, esto permite optimizar recursos y tiempo en la genotipificación y detección correcta de los alelos presentes en los individuos. Objetivo: Diseñar y validar una PCR múltiple, seguida de detección por minisecuenciación, para la genotipificación de ocho polimorfismos de nucleótido simple ubicados en el gen del Receptor Beta 3-Adrenérgico (rs4994 y rs4998), gen de la Apolipoproteina A5 (rs3135506 y rs2075291), gen de la Adiponectina (rs1501299 y rs2241766) y gen del Receptor Activador de la Proliferación de los Peroxisomas tipo gamma (rs1801282 y rs1800571), asociados con el síndrome metabólico. Materiales y métodos: Se diseñaron 24 cebadores para la amplificación y detección de ocho polimorfismos de nucleótido sencillo ubicados en cuatro genes candidatos a estar asociados con el síndrome metabólico, usando el software Primer3®. Dieciséis fueron diseñados para amplificar los polimorfismos y ocho para detectarlos por minisecuenciación. Las estructuras secundarias entre los cebadores se verificaron con el software Autodimer. Los polimorfismos se amplificaron simultáneamente y los fragmentos amplificados se acoplaron a las sondas diseñadas para detectar por minisecuenciación el alelo presente, por medio de bases marcadas con fluorocromos. Finalmente, los alelos fueron detectados por electroforesis capilar en un analizador genético ABI 310 y se interpretaron con el software GeneMapper®. La validación del multiplex se realizó genotipando 20 muestras de individuos, cada uno de ellos autorizó este procedimiento por medio del consentimiento informado. Resultados: Se obtuvieron los perfiles genéticos de los 20 controles genotipados, a partir de la amplificación múltiple, seguida de minisecuenciación, diseñada y validada para detectar los ocho polimorfismos. Conclusión: Se diseñó y validó un ensayo para la detección simultánea de los polimorfismos, ubicados en cuatro genes asociados con el Síndrome metabólico. Los cuales pueden ser empleados como referencia para futuros estudios poblacionales.

Abstract Introduction: It is important to identify the polymorphisms of clinical interest in complex pathologies such as Metabolic Syndrome. Therefore, the methodologies for its evaluation must be designed and validated correctly, this permits optimization of resources and time in genotyping and correct detection of the alleles present in individuals. Objective: To design and validate a multiplex PCR, followed by detection by minisequencing, for the genotyping of eight single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the Beta 3-Adrenergic Receptor gene (rs4994 and rs4998), Apolipoprotein A5 gene (rs3135506 and rs2075291), Adiponectin gene (rs1501299 and rs2241766) and gamma-type Peroxisome Proliferation Activating Receptor gene (rs1801282 and rs1800571), associated with metabolic syndrome. Materials and methods: Twenty-four primers were designed for the amplification and detection of eight single nucleotide polymorphisms located in four candidate genes to be associated with the metabolic syndrome, using the Primer3® software. Sixteen were designed to amplify the polymorphisms and eight to detect them by minisequencing. The secondary structures between the primers were verified with Autodimer software. The polymorphisms were simultaneously amplified, and the amplified fragments were coupled to probes designed to minisequence the present allele using fluorochrome-labeled bases. Finally, the alleles were detected by capillary electrophoresis using an ABI 310 genetic analyzer and analyzed with the GeneMapper® software. The validation of the multiplex was performed by genotyping 20 individual samples, each of them authorized this procedure through informed consent. Results: The genetic profiles of the 20 genotyped controls were obtained, from multiple amplification, followed by minisequencing, designed and validated to detect the eight polymorphisms. Conclusion: An essay was designed and validated for the simultaneous detection of polymorphisms, located in four genes associated with metabolic syndrome, and can used as a reference for future population studies.

Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 429-435, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341141


Abstract Objective To evaluate serum levels of adiponectin in pregnant adolescents between 30 and 36 weeks of gestation. Method: A prospective cross-sectional study enrolled 67 normal pregnant women between 30 and 36 weeks of gestation and eutrophic (body mass index [BMI]: 18.5-25 kg/m2), of which 36 were adolescents (< 20 years old) and 31 adults (≥ 20 years old). Serum adiponectin levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The t-student or Mann-Whitney tests were used for intergroup comparison. Results Pregnant adolescents showed significantly higher serum adiponectin concentrations comparedwith pregnant adults (p=0.04). No differences were observed in adiponectin levels in younger pregnant adolescents (< 16 years old) compared with older pregnant adolescents (≥ 16 years old). Adiponectin values were divided into 3 subgroups:<3,000 ng/mL, between 3,000 and 5,000 ng/mL, and>5,000 ng/mL. Birthweight was significantly higher in women>5,000 ng/mL when compared with<3,000 ng/mL in the adolescent group. No association between pregestational adiponectin levels and BMI, gestational weight gain, and gestational age was observed; however, there was a positive relation with birthweight (p=0.0239). Conclusion Serum adiponectin values in pregnant adolescents between 30 and 36 weeks of gestation were higher compared with pregnant adults; however, no differences between younger and older pregnant adolescents were observed.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os níveis séricos de adiponectina em gestantes adolescentes entre 30 e 36 semanas de gestação. Métodos Estudo prospectivo e transversal incluindo 67 gestantes normais entre 30 a 36 semanas e eutróficas (índice de massa corporal [IMC]: 18,5-25 kg/m2), sendo 36 adolescentes (< 20 anos) e 31 adultas (≥ 20 anos). Os níveis séricos de adiponectina foram avaliados por teste imunoenzimático (ELISA, na sigla em inglês). Para a comparação entre os grupos, utilizou-se os testes t-Student ou Mann-Whitney. Resultados As gestantes adolescentes apresentaram significativamente maiores concentrações séricas de adiponectina do que as adultas (p=0,04). Não houve diferenças nos níveis de adiponectina quando comparadas as gestantes adolescentes precoces (< 16 anos) às tardias (≥ 16 anos). Os valores de adiponectina foram subdivididos em3 grupos:<3.000 ng/mL, entre 3.000 e 5.000 ng/mL e>5.000 ng/mL. O peso do recém-nascido foi significantemente maior nas mulheres com>5.000 ng/mL, quando comparadas as com<3.000 ng/mL no grupo das adolescentes. Não foi observada associação entre os níveis de adiponectina e o IMC pré-gestacional, ganho de peso gestacional e a idade gestacional, porém houve relação positiva com o peso do recém-nascido (p=0,0239). Conclusão Os valores séricos de adiponectina em gestantes adolescentes entre 30 e 36 semanas de gestação foram maiores do que os das gestantes adultas; contudo, sem diferenças entre gestantes adolescentes precoces e tardias.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy in Adolescence/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Pregnancy in Adolescence/physiology , Social Class , Birth Weight , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Gestational Age , Gestational Weight Gain
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(1): 93-97, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152885


ABSTRACT Objective: We assessed plasma adiponectin and its correlation with carotid intima-media-thickness (CIMT), as a marker of atherosclerosis, and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Subjects and methods: The study included 100 Egyptian subjects (50 patients with NAFLD with no history of diabetes or hypertension and 50 age and sex-matched normal healthy control subjects). Urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) was assessed in all participants and fasting plasma adiponectin was measured using ELISA technique. Ultrasonography was used to diagnose NAFLD. CIMT was assessed using high-resolution Doppler ultrasonography. Results: Mild albuminuria was detected in patients with NAFLD (mean urine ACR = 42 ± 30 mg/g). Plasma adiponectin was significantly lower and urine ACR and CIMT significantly higher in patients with NAFLD as compared with the control group (P < 0.001 for all). A significant negative correlation was found between plasma adiponectin and both urine ACR and CIMT in patients with NAFLD (P < 0.001 and < 0.05 respectively). A significant positive correlation was also found between CIMT and urine ACR in those patients (P < 0.05). Plasma adiponectin and urine ACR were independent determinants of CIMT in patients with NAFLD (P < 0.01 and < 0.05 respectively). Conclusion: Patients with NAFLD, without diabetes, have an increased risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Hypoadiponectinemia and low-grade albuminuria are important markers of that risk.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912857


Objective: To observe the effect of mild moxibustion on cancer-related fatigue, serum ghrelin and adiponectin in patients undergoing chemotherapy after colorectal cancer surgery. Methods: Seventy patients were divided into a control group and an observation group according to the random number table method, with 35 cases in each group. Patients in both groups were treated with conventional FOLFOX4 chemotherapy regimen. Patients in the control group also received routine treatments such as symptomatic treatment of complications, health education, nutritional support, and exercise intervention. Patients in the observation group received mild moxibustion on the basis of interventions used in the control group. The Piper fatigue scale-revision (PFS-R), Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and spleen and kidney yang deficiency syndrome were scored, and serum ghrelin and adiponectin levels were measured before and after treatment. Results: After treatment, total score of PFS-R in the control group did not change significantly (P>0.05), while in the observation group it was significantly reduced (P<0.05) and lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); KPS scores in both groups were increased (both P<0.05), and it was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05); total score of spleen and kidney yang deficiency syndrome in the control group did not change significantly (P>0.05), while it was significantly reduced in the observation group (P<0.05) and lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); serum ghrelin and adiponectin levels in the control group had no significant changes (both P>0.05), but the levels were significantly increased in the observation group (both P<0.05) and higher than those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the routine treatments, mild moxibustion can relieve fatigue, improve quality of life, and improve the symptoms of spleen and kidney yang deficiency in patients undergoing chemotherapy after colorectal cancer surgery, which may be related to the regulation of serum ghrelin and adiponectin levels.

International Eye Science ; (12): 71-74, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837719


@#As a newly discovered endogenous regulator, fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21)becomes hot topic in recent professional research. It plays an important role in diabetic retinopathy recently. Moreover, FGF21 has attracted more and more attention in recent years. This paper discussed the molecular structure of FGF 21, biological function, relationship between FGF21 and inflammatory response and role in the pathological process of diabetic retinopathy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911220


Objective:To evaluate the role of adiponectin in sevoflurane pretreatment-induced improvement in cognitive function in mice with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R).Methods:Thirty SPF healthy adult male wild-type C57 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), myocardial I/R group (group MI/R) and sevoflurane pretreatment group (group SP). Another 10 SPF healthy male adiponectin knockout SPF mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were selected and served as APNKO group.Myocardial I/R was induced by 30 min occlusion of anterior descending branch of left coronary artery followed by reperfusion.In SP and APNKO groups, sevoflurane pretreatment included 3 cycles of 10-minute inhalation of 2% sevoflurane-93% O 2-5% CO 2 interspersed with 15-minute inhalation of 95% O 2-5% CO 2, and then the model was established.At 1, 2 and 4 days of reperfusion, cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze test. Results:There was no significant difference in swimming velocity at each time point between the 4 groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group Sham, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, and the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased at each time point in group MI/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group MI/R, the escape latency was significantly shortened, and the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased at each time point in group SP ( P<0.05). Compared with group SP, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, and the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased at each time point in group APNKO ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Adiponectin is involved in the process of sevoflurane pretreatment-induced improvement in cognitive function in mice with myocardial I/R.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1049-1053, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909666


Objective:To investigate the mRNA level of adiponectin in patients with gallstone of Hui and Han nationality in Qinghai Province and its clinical significance.Methods:From August 2017 to August 2018, 108 patients with gallbladder cholelithiasis and 91 patients with other benign diseases who were hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University from August 2017 to August 2018 were selected as the research objects. According to gallbladder cholesterol stone and the classification criteria of adult obesity, they were divided into gallstone-obesity group (56 cases), gallstone non-obesity group (52 cases), non gallstone obesity group (48 cases) and non gallstone non obesity group (43 cases). The levels of serum lipid (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), blood glucose (GLU), uric acid and high-sensitivity C protein (hs-CRP) were measured. Meanwhile, the adiponectin mRNA levels in omental adipose tissue and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue were detected by real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).Results:Compared with non gallstone and non obesity group, the serum TC [(4.57±0.49)mmol/L vs (5.63±0.53)mmol/L, (6.12±0.51)mmol/L, (6.85±0.43)mmol/L], TG [(1.50±0.32)mmol/L vs (2.06±0.33)mmol/L, (2.53±0.39)mmol/L, (2.96±0.34)mmol/L], LDL-C [(2.14±0.35)mmol/L vs (2.65±0.33)mmol/L, (3.05±0.37)mmol/L, (3.54±0.38)mmol/L], uric acid [(188.63±13.52)mmol/L vs (257.69±14.63)mmol/L, (306.96±18.96)mmol/L, (359.96±16.58)mmol/L], hs-CRP [(228.32±18.96)μmol/L vs (298.96±19.96)μmol/L, (354.96±19.96)μmol/L, (405.98±19.47)μmol/L] were increased in gallstone-obesity group, gallstone non-obesity group, non gallstone obesity group ( P<0.05), while the adiponectin mRNA [subcutaneous adipose tissue: (1.76±0.25) vs (1.43±0.23), (0.98±0.23), (0.68±0.29); omental adipose tissue: (2.15±0.29) vs (1.88±0.28), (1.56±0.27), (1.12±0.25)] and HDL-C levels [(2.15±0.11)mmol/L vs (1.79±0.15)mmol/L, (1.42±0.12)mmol/L, (1.15±0.09)mmol/L] were decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with the non gallstone obesity group, the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, GLU, uric acid were increased in the gallstone non obesity group, gallstone obesity group, while the adiponectin mRNA and HDL-C levels were decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with the gallstone non obese group, the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, GLU, uric acid and hs-CRP were increased in gallstone obese group, while the levels of adiponectin mRNA and HDL-C were decreased ( P<0.05). Adiponectin in omental adipose tissue and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue was positively correlated with HDL-C and negatively correlated with TC, TG, LDL-C, uric acid and hs-CRP ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that low level of subcutaneous adiponectin, omental adiponectin and high level of TG were risk factors for gallstone in non obese population ( OR=2.340, 1.931, 2.784, P<0.05), while low level of subcutaneous adiponectin, omental adiponectin and high level of LDL-C were risk factors for gallstone in obese population ( OR=2.358, 2.596, 2.115, P<0.05). Conclusions:The adiponectin mRNA is decreased in the patients with gallstone of Hui/Han nationality in Qinghai Province. The low level of subcutaneous adiponectin and omental adiponectin are the risk factors for gallstone in obese or non obese people of Hui/Han nationality in Qinghai Province.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909617


Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes. It is an important cause of diabetes disability and death. DN is a systemic metabolic syndrome. In its pathogenesis, the interaction of various cell activities and a large number of cytokine biological activities, the activation of signal pathways and so on are involved in the development of DN. At present, the clinical treatment of DN is mainly Western medicine, but it has limitations such as strong toxicity, high side effects and poor compliance. Therefore, the discovery of natural anti-DN substances has also become an important means to treat DN. Mulberry leaves are the dry leaves of Morus alba L. It is not only a tradi?tional Chinese medicine, but also a dual-purpose medicinal material for medicine and food. It has the effects of dispelling wind and clearing heat, cooling blood and brightening eyes, tonifying and so on. Mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLP) is a kind of high molecular compound in mulberry leaves. It has many pharmacological effects, such as hypoglycemic, antiox?idant, anti-stress, anti-virus and so on. Therefore, the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on dia?betic nephropathy are reviewed in this paper, so as to provide references for further research and application. The patho?genesis of DN is complex, and the mechanism of renal injury has not been completely clarified. The current studies believe that DN is closely related to heredity, abnormal glucose metabolism, abnormal lipid metabolism, microcirculation disorder, cytokine action, oxidative stress and so on. Relevant studies show that the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharide in the prevention and treatment of DN mainly include: ① Effect on transforming factor-β1 (TGF-β1):TGF-β1 has become an important cytokine involved in the formation of renal fibrosis by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation and the production of extracellular matrix (ECM). MLP can significantly inhibit TGF-β1 protein, and then inhibit the synthesis of extracellular matrix by renal interstitial fibroblasts and inhibit the realization of fibrosis.②Effect on insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1): IRS-1 is an important signal molecule at the beginning of IR signal transduction. The decrease of IRS-1 gene expression or the decrease of expression can affect the effective transmission of IR signal and lead to the development and deterioration of diabetes. MPL can significantly increase the expression of IRS-1 mRNA in liver tissue of DN rats, so as to prevent and treat DN. ③ Effect on the expression of resistin protein in adipose tis?sue. Resistin is a secretory polypeptide derived from adipose tissue and is specifically expressed in white adipose tissue and is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental studies show that MLP can effectively reduce the expression of resistin protein in white adipose tissue of T2DM rats, indicating that MLP may reduce the level of IR by inhibiting the expression of resistin in adipose tissue, thereby reducing the insulin resistance state of T2DM rats, so as to achieve the goal of treating diabetes.④Effect on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1):adiponectin can improve insulin resistance, reduce blood glucose and lipid. AdipoR1 is mainly expressed in skeletal muscle and kidney. Studies have shown that AdipoR1 is closely related to the occurrence and development of DN. The results showed that MLP could reduce the blood glucose and blood lipid level and up regulate the expression of AdipoR1 mRNA in DN rats, suggesting that MLP may delay the occurrence and development of DN. This article reviewed the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on diabetic nephropathy, and provided a useful basis for further development and utilization of mul?berry leaf polysaccharides in the treatment of DN.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909283


Objective:To investigate the efficacy of liraglutide combined with enpagliflozin in the treatment of obesity complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:A total of 160 obesity patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who received treatment in Yuyao People's Hospital, China between October 2018 and October 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive repaglinide, insulin detemir and metformin in combination (control group, n = 80) or liraglutide, enpagliflozin and metformin in combination (treatment group, n = 80). After 3 months of treatment, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, body mass index, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, leptin, adiponectin, and vaspin as well as the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the control and treatment groups. Results:After treatment, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and body mass index were reduced in each group. They were (7.89 ± 1.02) mmol/L, (8.10 ± 1.25) %, (11.10 ± 1.59) mmol/L, (23.18 ± 2.19) kg/m 2, respectively in the observation group, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(9.88 ± 1.27) mmol/L, (11.20 ± 1.85)%, (13.67 ± 2.01) mmol/L, (27.80 ± 2.51) kg/m 2, t1 = 10.927, t2 = 12.418, t3 = 8.969, t4 = 12.405, all P < 0.001). After treatment, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels were reduced in each group. Their levels in the observation group were [(51.19 ± 3.19) pg/L, (2.14 ± 0.31) mg/L, (4.07 ± 0.67) pg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(62.18 ± 4.10) pg/L, (3.66 ± 0.58) mg/L, (5.96 ± 0.81) pg/L, t1 = 18.922, t2 = 20.672, t3 = 8.969, all P < 0.001). After treatment, leptin and vaspin levels were reduced in each group, and their values in the observation group were (5.48±0.94) μg/L, (1.62 ± 0.37) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(6.59 ± 0.82) μg/L, (1.99 ± 0.52) μg/L, t1=7.959, t2=10.323, both P < 0.001]. Adiponectin level increased in each group, and it was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group [(7.13 ± 1.52) mg/L vs. (5.12 ± 0.85) mg/L, t3 = 5.185, P < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between control and observation groups ( χ2 = 0.313, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Liraglutide combined with enpagliflozin for the treatment of obesity complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus is highly effective. It can effectively lower blood glucose level, reduce body mass and inflammatory reactions, further regulate serum vaspin, leptin and adiponectin levels and is highly safe. Therefore, this method can be widely used in the clinic.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921873


Objective This study aimed to assess the protective value of adiponectin (APN) in pancreatic islet injury induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Methods Sixty rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC) group, CIH group, and CIH with APN supplement (CIH+APN) group. After 5 weeks of CIH exposure, we conducted oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and insulin released test (IRT), examined and compared the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, enzymes gene expression levels of

Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , Hypoxia , Islets of Langerhans , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 18(1)dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386892


Resumen: Introducción: Las alteraciones en las concentraciones plasmáticas de leptina y adiponectina son la causa de las alteraciones metabólicas en la infancia como, por ejemplo, resistencia a la insulina, glicemias elevadas y perfil lipídico alterado. El desequilibrio de estas adipoquinas es la consecuencia metabólica del exceso de tejido adiposo en el individuo. La obesidad infantil es un problema de salud pública en el mundo, al ser una condición predisponente para el desarrollo de exceso de peso en la adultez y, consecuentemente, de padecimientos crónicos como enfermedad cardiovascular, diabetes, síndrome metabólico, entre otras. De ahí la importancia de su detección en etapas tempranas de la vida para su prevención o tratamiento. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el perfil lipídico y biomarcadores de adiposidad, con el fin de establecer la prevalencia de dislipidemias y riesgo de aterogenicidad en niños escolares del distrito de Tres Ríos, cantón de La Unión, provincia de Cartago. Metodología: Se determinó la concentración plasmática de leptina, adiponectina, insulina y lípidos de un grupo de 108 escolares del cantón de La Unión, Cartago, Costa Rica, con edades entre 6 y 10 años, a los cuales se les realizó la evaluación antropométrica y la determinación por duplicado de los biomarcadores. Resultados: Las concentraciones plasmáticas de colesterol total y triglicéridos se encontraban fuera del rango de normalidad en la población en estudio. El exceso de peso evidencia una relación significativa y positiva con las concentraciones plasmáticas de leptina e insulina. Condiciones como la edad y el sexo no afectaron el comportamiento de los indicadores estudiados. Conclusiones: El colesterol total, los triglicéridos, la leptina e insulina podrían constituirse en indicadores metabólicos para el monitoreo del riesgo de enfermedades crónicas en poblaciones pediátricas.

Summary: Introduction: Childhood obesity is a public health problem in the world, being a predisposing condition for the development of excess weight in adulthood and consequently of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, among others, hence the importance of its detection in early stages of life for prevention and / or treatment. Alterations in plasma concentrations of leptin and adiponectin in childhood are the reason for the metabolic alterations that may occur in this population such as insulin resistance, high blood sugar levels and altered lipid profile. The imbalance of these adipokines is the metabolic consequence of excess adipose tissue in the individual. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to analyze the lipid profile and biomarkers of adiposity, in order to establish the prevalence of dyslipidemias and risk of atherogenicity in school children in the Tres Ríos district, La Unión canton, Cartago province. Methodology: The serum concentration of leptin, adiponectin, insulin and lipids was determined from a group of 108 schoolchildren from the canton of La Unión, Cartago, Costa Rica, aged between 6 and 10 years, to whom the anthropometric evaluation and duplicate determination of biomarkers. Results: Plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides were outside the normal range in the study population. Excess weight shows a significant and positive relationship with plasma concentrations of leptin and insulin. Conditions such as age and sex did not affect the behavior of the indicators studied. Conclusions: Total cholesterol, triglycerides, leptin, and insulin could be metabolic indicators for monitoring the risk of chronic diseases in pediatric populations.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adiposity , Pediatric Obesity , Lipids , Students
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 337-343, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289235


Resumen Introducción: El valor nutritivo de las proteínas derivadas de la carne magra de cerdo ha cambiado ostensiblemente con la tecnificación en la producción y la posibilidad de obtener productos que conserven un alto valor nutritivo. No obstante, en nuestro medio su consumo se ha estigmatizado por un posible aumento de riesgo cardiovascular. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del consumo de la carne magra de cerdo sobre algunos parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos de riesgo cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de seguimiento a un grupo de 47 personas sanas que consumieron 200 gramos de carne magra de cerdo durante un periodo de ocho semanas, durante las cuales se valoraron parámetros bioquímicos, antropométricos, nutricionales y de riesgo cardiovascular. Resultados: Se observó que, tanto a las cuatro como a las ocho semanas, los niveles de colesterol LDL y triglicéridos no variaron. No obstante, los niveles de colesterol HDL y los micronutrientes zinc, hierro y vitamina B12 aumentaron en plasma luego de ocho semanas de consumo de carne magra de cerdo. De igual forma, marcadores metabólicos, como la adiponectina y el IGF-1, incrementaron luego de ocho semanas de consumo. Conclusiones: De acuerdo con estas observaciones la carne magra de cerdo puede mejorar el aporte de algunos micronutrientes y parámetros metabólicos sin que se haya evidenciado un efecto adverso sobre ciertos parámetros de riesgo cardiovascular en individuos sanos.

Abstract Introduction: The nutritional value of proteins derived from lean pork meat has essentially changed with the introduction of technology in the production and the possibility of obtaining products that retain a high nutritional value. However, its consumption has been stigmatised in this country due to a possible increase in cardiovascular risk. Objective: To evaluate the impact of consuming lean pork meat on some anthropometric and biochemical parameters of cardiovascular risk. Methods: A follow-up study was conducted on a population of 47 healthy subjects that consumed 200 grammes of lean pork meat for a period of 8 weeks. An evaluation was made of some biochemical, anthropometric, nutritional and cardiovascular risk parameters. Results: No changes were observed in the LDL-cholesterol or triglyceride levels. However, the plasma levels of HDL-cholesterol, as well as those of micronutrients such as zinc, iron and vitamin B12, increased after 8 weeks of consuming lean pork meat. Furthermore, metabolic markers, like adiponectin and IGF-1, also increased after eight weeks of consumption. Conclusions: According to these observations, lean pork meat may improve the supply of some micronutrients, as well as some metabolic parameters, with no evidence of any adverse effects on certain cardiovascular risk factors in healthy individuals.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Biochemical Phenomena , Anthropometry , Pork Meat , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Vitamin B 12 , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 26(3): 262-266, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137894


ABSTRACT Introduction Obesity is one of the major diseases of modern times. However, the explanation for its pathophysiology is recent and has not yet been fully elucidated. White adipose tissue synthesizes and secretes adipokines that affect several pathologies related to obesity. Excessive growth of this tissue results in increased levels of pro-inflammatory adipokines and a consequent decrease in anti-inflammatory adipokines. Nevertheless, most studies use moderate intensity training, limiting the understanding of high intensity interval training in these proteins. Objective To verify the latest information on the effects of HIIT in improving the profile of circulating adipokines. Methods A search was performed on the databases PUBMED, Lilacs, HighWire, BVS and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, with the following keywords: HIIT adipokines, HIIT leptin, HIIT adiponectin. Eleven studies were selected, published in English and Portuguese between 2013 and 2017. Results HIIT proved to be effective in increasing adiponectin in the adolescent population and in Olympic athletes, but this depended on a good prescription parameter and exercise intensity. However, maximum or supramaximal intensities were superior to low and moderate intensities. In turn, leptin presented a significant decrease in response to HIIT due to the reduction of adipose tissue, demonstrating a directly proportional relation. Other adipokines, such as omentin-1 and interleukin-10, also responded positively to HIIT, resulting in improved anti-inflammatory status. Conclusion HIIT proved to be an efficient method to reduce inflammation due to obesity, as well as inducing an improvement in sports performance. However, the effects depend on training volume, intensity and prescription method. Level of evidence I; Therapeutic study-Investigating the results of treatment.

RESUMO Introdução A obesidade é uma das principais doenças dos tempos modernos. Entretanto, a explicação da sua fisiopatologia é recente e ainda não foi totalmente esclarecida. O tecido adiposo branco sintetiza e secreta adipocinas que acometem diversas patologias relacionadas à obesidade. O aumento excessivo desse tecido resulta no aumento dos níveis de adipocinas pró-inflamatórias e na consequente diminuição de adipocinas anti-inflamatórias. Entretanto, a maioria dos estudos utiliza o treinamento de intensidade moderada, limitando o entendimento do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade nessas proteínas. Objetivo Verificar as mais recentes informações sobre os efeitos do HIIT na melhoria do perfil das adipocinas circulantes. Métodos Foi realizada uma pesquisa nos bancos de dados PUBMED, Scielo, Lilacs, HighWire, BVS e Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews com as seguintes palavras chaves: HIIT adipokines, HIIT leptin, HIIT adiponectin. Onze estudos foram selecionados, publicados em inglês e em português, entre os anos de 2013 e 2017. Resultados O HIIT mostrou-se eficiente para aumentar a adiponectina na população adolescente e em atletas olímpicos, mas isso depende de um bom parâmetro de prescrição e da intensidade do exercício. Entretanto, as intensidades máximas ou supramáximas se mostraram superiores às intensidades baixas e moderadas. Por sua vez, a leptina apresentou significativa diminuição em resposta ao HIIT devido à redução do tecido adiposo, demonstrando uma relação diretamente proporcional. Outras adipocinas, como a omentina-1 e a Iiterleucina-10, também responderam de forma positiva ao HIIT, resultando em um melhor estado anti-inflamatório. Conclusão O HIIT demonstrou ser um método eficiente para diminuir a inflamação decorrente da obesidade, assim como induzir uma melhora no rendimento esportivo. Entretanto, os efeitos dependem do volume de treino, intensidade e método de prescrição. Nível de evidência I; Estudo terapêutico-Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción La obesidad es una de las principales enfermedades de los tiempos modernos. Entretanto, la explicación de su fisiopatología es reciente y aún no se ha dilucidado completamente. El tejido adiposo blanco sintetiza y secreta adipocinas que afectan diversas patologías relacionadas a la obesidad. El aumento excesivo de este tejido resulta en el aumento de los niveles de adipocinas proinflamatorias y la consiguiente disminución de las adipocinas antiinflamatorias. Entretanto, la mayoría de los estudios usa el entrenamiento de intensidad moderada, limitando el entendimiento del entrenamiento por intervalos de alta intensidad en estas proteínas. Objetivo Verificar las más recientes informaciones sobre los efectos de HIIT en la mejora del perfil de las adipocinas circulantes. Métodos Se realizó una búsqueda en los bancos de datos PUBMED, Lilacs, HighWire, BVS y Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews con las siguientes palabras llave: HIIT adipokines, HIIT leptin, HIIT adiponectin. Se seleccionaron 11 estudios, publicados en inglés y portugués entre 2013 y 2017. Resultados El HIIT se mostró eficiente para aumentar la adiponectina en la población adolescente y en atletas olímpicos, pero eso depende de un buen parámetro de prescripción e intensidad del ejercicio. Entretanto, las intensidades máximas o supramáximas se mostraron superiores a las intensidades bajas y moderadas. A su vez, la leptina present ó disminución significativa en respuesta al HIIT debido a la reducción del tejido adiposo, demostrando una relación directamente proporcional. Otras adipocinas, como omentina-1 e interleucina-10, también respondieron positivamente al HIIT, resultando en un mejor estado antiinflamatorio. Conclusión El HIIT demostró ser un método eficiente para disminuir la inflamación proveniente de la obesidad, así como inducir una mejora en el rendimiento deportivo. Entretanto, los efectos dependen del volumen de entrenamiento, la intensidad y el método de prescripción. Nivel de evidencia I, Estudio terapéutico - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212002


Background: Diabetes, hypertension, oxidative stress, obesity, adipocytokine dysfunction, and dyslipidemia are causative factors in development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Adiponectin secreted from adipose tissue, has Reno protective effect against development of albuminuria in animal studies. The previous studies investigated the relationship between serum adiponectin level and urinary albuminuria in kidney disease patients, but the results are conflicting.Methods: The pre diagnosed kidney disease patients were divided into microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria groups, while control subjects were called as normoal buminuria group. The pre diagnosed adult kidney disease patients of both genders with age matching control subjects with no known comorbidity were included in the study. Whereas pregnant female patients and the patients with comorbidity were excluded from the study. The demographic data and the anthropometric data of control and kidney patients were recorded. The blood was analyzed for Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c), electrolytes, glucose, calcium, total protein, albumin, urea, creatinine adiponectin and malondialdehyde. The Urine was analyzed for Creatinine and albuminuria. The glomerular filtration rate was estimated.Results: The blood pressure, blood urea, creatinine, glycated hemoglobin, malondialdehyde, adiponectin levels were higher in albuminuric kidney patients as compared to normal control subjects. The mean glomerular filtration rate was lowest in macroalbuminuric patients as compared to micro and normoalbuminuric patients. The serum adiponectin and serum malondialdehyde both showed positive correlation with serum creatinine, and with albuminuria/urinary creatinine ratio.Conclusions: The study concludes that, positive correlation of serum malondialdehyde with adiponectin and albuminuria.