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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310094, abr. 2024. tab, fig
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1532934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La asociación entre los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia/adolescencia y la incidencia de eventos clínicos cardiovasculares en la adultez está poco explorada en la literatura. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue analizar la evidencia disponible sobre este tema. Población y métodos. Esta revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica para detectar los estudios que evaluaron la asociación entre los niveles lipídicos en la edad pediátrica y la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares en la edad adulta. No hubo restricciones idiomáticas ni geográficas en la búsqueda. Resultados. En total, cinco estudios observacionales (todas cohortes prospectivas) que incluyeron 43 540 pacientes fueron identificados y considerados elegibles para este estudio. Cuatro estudios evaluaron el nivel de triglicéridos; todos reportaron una asociación significativa entre este marcador en la edad pediátrica y los eventos cardiovasculares en la adultez. Un estudio reportó la misma asociación con el nivel de colesterol total, mientras que otro evidenció el valor predictivo de la lipoproteína (a) para el mismo desenlace clínico. Un solo estudio evaluó el colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), sin encontrar una relación con el punto final de interés. El análisis del colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) arrojó resultados contradictorios, aunque la asociación fue significativa en los estudios con un tamaño muestral más grande y con un mayor número de eventos durante el seguimiento. Conclusión. Los datos de esta revisión sugieren que las alteraciones de los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia y la adolescencia se asocian con un mayor riesgo cardiovascular en la adultez temprana y media.


Introduction. The association between lipid markers in childhood/adolescence and the incidence of clinical cardiovascular events in adulthood has been little explored in the bibliography. The objective of this systematic review was to analyze available evidence on this topic. Population and methods. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive bibliographic search was done to find studies assessing the association between lipid levels in childhood and the incidence of cardiovascular events in adulthood. There were no language or geographic restrictions. Results. A total of 5 observational studies (all prospective cohorts) including 43 540 patients were identified and considered eligible for this study. Four studies assessed triglyceride levels; all reported a significant association between this lipid marker in childhood and cardiovascular events in adulthood. A study reported the same association with total cholesterol level, while another showed the predictive value of lipoprotein (a) for the same clinical outcome. Only one study assessed high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), but it did not find an association with the endpoint of interest. The analysis of lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed contradictory results, although the association was significant in the studies with a larger sample size and a higher number of events during follow-up. Conclusion. According to this review, alterations in lipid markers in childhood and adolescence are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk in early and middle adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cholesterol , Triglycerides , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310068, abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537959

ABSTRACT

El priapismo es una erección dolorosa y persistente acompañada o no de estímulo sexual. Una causa poco frecuente de esta anormalidad es la leucemia mieloide crónica. Se han reportado pocos casos de priapismo como manifestación inicial de una leucemia de este tipo en pacientes adolescentes. A continuación, se informa el caso de un paciente de 16 años de edad que presentó priapismo como manifestación inicial de una leucemia mieloide crónica. Durante su evolución, no se realizó aspiración de los cuerpos cavernosos. Se inició tratamiento hematológico específico y, ante la persistencia del priapismo, fue necesario realizar un shunt de cuerpos cavernosos en dos ocasiones, tratamiento a pesar del cual existen altas probabilidades de secuelas.


Priapism is a painful and persistent erection, with or without sexual stimulation. A rare cause of such abnormality is chronic myeloid leukemia. Few cases of priapism as an initial manifestation of this type of leukemia have been reported in adolescent patients. Here we describe the case of a 16-year-old patient who presented with priapism as the initial manifestation of chronic myeloid leukemia. No cavernosal aspiration was performed. A specific hematological treatment was started and, given the persistence of priapism, the patient required 2 corpora cavernosa shunt procedures; despite this treatment, there is a high probability of sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Priapism/complications , Priapism/etiology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/complications , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/diagnosis , Chronic Disease
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553623

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho objetiva abordar, por meio de um relato de experiência, as possibilidades de atuação da Terapia Ocupacional no campo da saúde mental infantojuvenil como, por exemplo, diante de situações de bullying e sofrimento psíquico vivenciados por adolescentes. Trata-se do relato de uma experiência vinculada a um projeto de ensino e extensão universitária, realizado em uma escola pública do interior do Estado de SP. As intervenções foram realizadas em três etapas: 1) Roda de conversa e compartilhamento com a equipe escolar; 2) Intervenção em sala de aula e 3) Acolhimento e acompanhamento das demandas emergidas nas etapas 1 e 2. Os resultados apontam que a ação desenvolvida auxiliou os adolescentes a reconhecerem suas potências, assim como a identificarem e lidarem com os fenômenos que lhes geram sofrimento. As estratégias adotadas caminham na direção do que tem sido sugerido e apontado pela literatura como possibilidade de atuação frente à temática do bullying, sendo a Terapia Ocupacional uma das profissões atuantes nesse campo


The present work aims to address, through an experience report, the possibilities of Occupational Therapy in the field of child and adolescent mental health, for example, in situations of bullying and psychological suffering experienced by adolescents. This is the report of an experience linked to a teaching and university extension project, carried out in a public school in the interior of the State of SP. The interventions were carried out in three stages: 1) Conversation and sharing with the school team;2) Intervention in the classroom and 3) Reception and monitoring of the demands that emerged in stages 1 and 2. The results indicate that the developmental action helped adolescents to recognize their strengths, as well as to identify and deal with the phenomena that cause them suffering. The strategies adopted move in the direction of what has been suggested and pointed out in the literature as a possibility of action in the face of bullying, with Occupational Therapy being one of the professions active in this field (AU).


El presente trabajo pretende abordar, a través de un relato de experiencia, las posibilidades de la Terapia Ocupacional en el ámbito de la salud mental infanto-juvenil, por ejemplo, en situaciones de acoso escolar y sufrimiento psicológico que viven los adolescentes. Este es el relato de una experiencia vinculada a un proyecto de enseñanza y extensión universitaria, realizado en una escuela pública del interior del Estado de SP. Las intervenciones se realizaron en tres etapas: 1) Conversación y compartir con el equipo escolar; 2) Intervención en el aula y 3) Recepción y seguimiento de las demandas surgidas en las etapas 1 y 2. Los resultados indican que la acción evolutiva ayudó a los adolescentes a reconocer sus fortalezas, así como a identificar y afrontar los fenómenos que las provocan. sufrimiento. Las estrategias adoptadas van en la dirección de lo sugerido y señalado en la literatura como una posibilidad de actuación frente al acoso escolar, siendo la Terapia Ocupacional una de las profesiones activas en este campo (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Bullying/psychology , Students/psychology , Adolescent
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202310199, feb. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1526429

ABSTRACT

La adolescencia constituye una etapa atravesada por cambios físicos, emocionales y sociales significativos, que incluyen la adquisición de múltiples habilidades. Aumentan los riesgos de sufrir alteraciones mentales, consumo de sustancias, embarazo no deseado, trastornos alimentarios, y se evidencian los efectos negativos del uso inapropiado de las redes sociales. El bienestar digital implica el uso saludable de la tecnología, la protección de la privacidad y la seguridad en línea. Los adolescentes utilizan las redes con la finalidad de identificarse, relacionarse, entretenerse y buscar información. La exposición no regulada conlleva riesgos: acceso a contenido inapropiado, ciberacoso, consumo problemático y fraudes. Desde el ámbito pediátrico, se debe acompañar a los adolescentes para que optimicen el uso de la tecnología y, para ello, es fundamental implementar estrategias multisectoriales para minimizar los riesgos y promover el bienestar de los adolescentes en línea, así como garantizar la alfabetización digital y el acceso equitativo a recursos tecnológicos de calidad y telesalud.


Adolescence is a period characterized by significant physical, emotional, and social changes, including the acquisition of multiple skills. It is also a time when the risks of mental disorders, substance use, unwanted pregnancy, eating disorders, and negative effects of inappropriate social media use manifest greatly. Digital well-being implies the healthy use of technology, the protection of privacy and security online. Adolescents use social media to identify themselves, interact with others, entertain themselves, and seek information. However, risks are present, including access to inappropriate content, cyberbullying, problematic consumption, and fraud. The pediatric field must support adolescents in optimizing their online use. Implementing multisectoral strategies can minimize risks, promote digital literacy, and ensure equitable access to quality technological resources and telehealth, thereby promoting adolescent online well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Telemedicine , Mental Disorders , Health Status , Health Personnel , Emotions
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 311-318, 20240220. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532688

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los paragangliomas del cuerpo carotídeo son neoplasias infrecuentes y representan el 0,6 % de los tumores de cabeza y cuello. La edad de presentación promedio es la quinta década de vida. El objetivo de este artículo fue describir un caso de paraganglioma del cuerpo carotídeo en una adolescente. Caso clínico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente adolescente con paraganglioma de cuerpo carotídeo derecho, de 5x3x3 cm, Shamblin III. Se analizaron la historia clínica, los exámenes diagnósticos, la técnica quirúrgica utilizada y su evolución correspondiente. La información fue obtenida a partir de la ficha clínica, previa autorización por consentimiento de los padres de la paciente. Resultados. Se hizo resección quirúrgica completa y reparo vascular con injerto de vena safena invertida, con evolución favorable y permeabilidad completa del puente vascular, sin secuelas. Conclusión. Este caso podía corresponder a un tumor de etiología familiar, dada su edad temprana de presentación. Se hizo necesario complementar su estudio con imágenes y objetivar el compromiso vascular asociado para la planificación quirúrgica. En estos pacientes, la complejidad de su localización y el compromiso vascular del tumor requiere de un equipo multidisciplinario, con cirujanos de cabeza y cuello y cirujanos vasculares para un resultado exitoso.


Introduction. Carotid body paragangliomas are rare, representing 0.6% of head and neck tumors, with average age of presentation in the fifth decade of life. The objective of this article is to describe a clinical case of carotid body paraganglioma in an adolescent. Clinical case. Review and analysis of the clinical case, reviewing its clinical history, study tests, surgical technique used and its corresponding evolution. Information obtained from the clinical record prior authorization by consent of the patient's parents. Results. Adolescent patient with paraganglioma of the right carotid body, 5x3x3 cm, Shamblin III. With complete surgical resection and inverted saphenous vein graft, favorable evolution, with complete permeability of the vascular bridge, without sequelae. Conclusion. This case could correspond to a tumor of familiar etiology, given its early age of presentation. It is necessary to complement the study with images and to objectively determine the associated vascular involvement for surgical planning. In these patients, the complexity of their location and vascular involvement of the tumor requires a multidisciplinary team with head and neck and vascular surgeons for a successful outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraganglioma , Carotid Body Tumor , Adolescent , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Neurosecretory Systems
6.
Rev. Baiana Saúde Pública (Online) ; 47(4): 319-331, 20240131.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537870

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar a experiência de criação e implementação de um programa para promoção da saúde mental de adolescentes escolares. Trata-se de um relato de experiência obtido a partir da imersão no contexto escolar, no período de 2019 a 2021, para realização de inquérito epidemiológico, seguido da elaboração de um programa para capacitação de familiares de adolescentes e trabalhadores escolares sobre saúde mental de adolescentes. A pesquisa ocorreu em escolas públicas de um município baiano. Todas as experiências obtidas a partir de observação participante foram registradas em um diário de campo. O sofrimento psíquico percebido entre adolescentes tem sido uma questão preocupante, pois afeta a qualidade de vida desse grupo. Ademais, notou-se distanciamento dos serviços de saúde do ambiente escolar, além da dificuldade de familiares e trabalhadores na abordagem do problema. Nesse contexto, propôs-se o programa intersetorial "Adolescer com saúde", com o objetivo de capacitar familiares e trabalhadores escolares para lidar com tal problemática. O programa favoreceu a aproximação entre profissionais de saúde, da educação e familiares, fomentando a corresponsabilização pela promoção da saúde do adolescente.


This experience report presents the creation and implementation of a health program aimed at the mental health of adolescents. After conduction of an epidemiological survey in public schools from a municipality in Bahia, from 2019 to 2021, a program to train family members and school workers on adolescent mental health was elaborated. All experiences obtained by means of participant observation were recorded in a field diary. Perceived psychic suffering among adolescents has been a matter of concern, as it affects their quality of life. Moreover, we observed an absence of health services from the school environment, as well as difficulties by family members and workers in addressing the problem. Given this scenario, the intersectoral program "Adolescer com Saúde" [Adolescence and Health] was proposed to educate family members and school workers on how to tackle the issue. The program fostered a rapprochement between health professionals, educators and family members, encouraging co-responsibility in promoting adolescent health.


El objetivo de este estudio fue reportar la experiencia de creación e implementación de un programa de promoción de salud mental de los adolescentes en la escuela. Este es un reporte de experiencia obtenido de la inmersión en el contexto escolar, de 2019 a 2021, para la realización de una encuesta epidemiológica, seguida de la elaboración de un programa de formación en salud mental de los adolescentes destinado a familiares de adolescentes y a trabajadores escolares. La investigación se llevó a cabo en escuelas públicas de un municipio de Bahía, Brasil. Se registraron todas las experiencias obtenidas de la observación participante en un diario de campo. El sufrimiento psíquico percibido entre los adolescentes ha sido motivo de preocupación, ya que afecta a la calidad de vida de este grupo. Se constató que los servicios de salud estaban alejados del ámbito escolar y que había dificultad de los familiares y trabajadores para abordar el problema. En este contexto, se planteó el programa intersectorial "Adolescencia con salud", con el objetivo de capacitar a familiares y trabajadores escolares para enfrentar esta problemática. El programa favoreció el acercamiento entre los profesionales de la salud, los de la educación y los familiares, incentivando la corresponsabilidad en la promoción de la salud de los adolescentes.

7.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 7(1): 50-58, ene. 26, 2024. ilus, tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526706

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los Servicios de Salud Amigables son espacios de atención integral y diferencial para personas adolescentes y jóvenes, que parten de sus necesidades biológicas, sociales y afectivas. Objetivo. Evaluar las percepciones de las juventudes sobre la calidad de atención que recibieron y su experiencia en las Unidades de Salud. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio mixto que recogió las percepciones de los participantes en dos etapas sucesivas. Primero, con un cuestionario se evaluó la calidad de atención y experiencia de los usuarios; luego, mediante entrevistas grupales e individuales se estimó el nivel de satisfacción. Resultados. El 68,2 % de los jóvenes y adolescentes desconocen los programas exclusivos para ellos. El servicio más utilizado es el de medicina general (76,6 %). En cuanto a la atención recibida, el respeto, la confianza y la privacidad brindada por los profesionales de salud fue calificada como excelente o muy buena (76 %). El 39,7 % reportó que el tiempo de espera fue de 30 a 60 minutos; el 17,6 % refirió esperar más de dos horas. Conclusión. Aunque la percepción de las unidades de salud por parte de los adolescentes y jóvenes en general es buena, los Servicios de Salud Amigables cuentan con barreras que interfieren en el acceso, oportunidad y aceptabilidad


Introduction. Friendly Health Services are spaces of comprehensive and differential care for adolescents and young people, which start from their biological, social and emotional. Objective. Evaluate the perceptions of youth about the quality of care they received and their experience in the Community Family Health Units. Methodology. A mixed study was carried out that collected the perceptions of the participants in two successive stages. First with a questionnaire that evaluated the quality of care and experience of users, then through group and individual interviews that estimated the level of satisfaction. Results. Youth consult health establishments, although 68.2 % are unaware of the exclusive programs for them (Friendly Health Services). The most used service was general medicine (76.6 %). Regarding the care received, the respect, trust and privacy provided by health professionals was rated as excellent or very good (76 %). 39.7 % reported that the waiting time was 30 to 60 minutes, 17.6 % reported waiting more than two hours. Conclusion. Currently, there is a need to improve access to services for adolescents and young people by socializing the offer to encourage their use, increase attention in preventive areas and implement their evaluation with methods different from current ones


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adolescent , Adolescent Health , El Salvador
8.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2021_0508, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441312

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Exergames or active video games are digital platforms with functionality associated with body movement, which dialogue with improving physical activity levels, stimulating pleasure in practice and adherence to change habits, physically active behavior, and better quality of life. Objective: This study aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the contribution of exergame to Body Mass Index, physical activity level, glycemic control, blood pressure, and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents. Methods: This is a systematic review, reported following the PRISMA writing recommendations, without language restrictions, for articles indexed in the following databases: MEDLINE / PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Lilacs. Data extraction was performed analogously in a spreadsheet previously tested and standardized. The assessment of the risk of bias in the included studies was carried out by the RoB 1.0 tool in all of its domains in duplicate of reviewers. Initially, 3.039 studies were found. Results: The studies cover a total of 526 adolescents aged ten to 19. The most used platform in the studies was the Nintendo Wii, followed by the PlayStation, Xbox 360, and Dance Dance Revolution. The results indicated that interventions using exergames were effective for changing BMI, but there was no evidence on cardiovascular outcomes, with no effective changes in glycemic control and blood pressure and a significant response (p <0.05) in cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusion: The exergame points to satisfactory results in improving health and can be incorporated as a relevant public policy in the adolescent health promotion. (PROSPERO Registration CRD42020181772). Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMEN Introducción: Los Exergames o videojuegos activos son plataformas digitales con funcionalidad asociada al movimiento corporal, que dialogan con la mejora de los niveles de actividad física, estimulando el placer en la práctica y la adherencia a cambios de hábitos, conducta físicamente activa y mejor calidad de vida. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo sintetizar la evidencia disponible sobre la contribución del exergame al índice de masa corporal, nivel de actividad física, control glucémico, presión arterial y aptitud cardiorrespiratoria en adolescentes. Métodos: Se trata de una revisión sistemática, reportada siguiendo las recomendaciones de redacción de PRISMA, sin restricción de idioma, para artículos indexados en las siguientes bases de datos: MEDLINE / PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library y Lilacs. La extracción de datos se realizó de manera similar en una hoja de cálculo estandarizada y probada previamente. La evaluación del riesgo de sesgo en los estudios incluidos se realizó mediante la herramienta RoB 1.0 en todos sus dominios por duplicado de revisores. Inicialmente, se encontraron 3.039 estudios. Resultados: Los estudios abarcaron un total de 526 adolescentes de 10 a 19 años. La plataforma más utilizada en estudios fue la Nintendo Wii, seguida de la PlayStation, Xbox 360 y Dance Dance Revolution. Los resultados indicaron que las intervenciones con exergames fueron efectivas para cambiar el IMC, pero no hubo evidencia sobre los resultados cardiovasculares, no hubo cambios efectivos en el control glucémico y la presión arterial, y una respuesta explicativa (p <0.05) en la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria. Conclusión: El exergame muestra resultados satisfactorios en la mejora de la salud y puede ser incorporado como una política pública relevante en la promoción de la salud de los adolescentes. (Registro PROSPERO CRD42020181772). Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


RESUMO Introdução: Exergames ou vídeo games ativos são plataformas digitais com funcionalidade associada ao movimento corporal, que dialogam com a melhora dos níveis de atividade física, estimulando o prazer na prática e a adesão à mudança de hábitos, comportamento ativo e melhor qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo sintetizar as evidências disponíveis sobre a contribuição do exergame para o Índice de Massa Corporal, nível de atividade física, controle glicêmico, pressão arterial e aptidão cardiorrespiratória em adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática, relatada seguindo as recomendações de redação do PRISMA, sem restrição de idioma, para artigos indexados nas seguintes bases de dados: MEDLINE / PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library e Lilacs. A extração dos dados foi realizada de forma análoga em planilha previamente testada e padronizada. A avaliação do risco de viés nos estudos incluídos foi realizada pela ferramenta RoB 1.0 em todos os seus domínios em duplicata de revisores. Inicialmente, foram encontrados 3.039 estudos. Resultados: Os estudos abrangeram um total de 526 adolescentes de dez a 19 anos. A plataforma mais utilizada nos estudos foi o Nintendo Wii, seguido do PlayStation, Xbox 360 e Dance Dance Revolution. Os resultados indicaram que as intervenções com exergames foram eficazes para alterar o IMC, mas não houve evidências sobre os desfechos cardiovasculares, sem alterações eficazes no controle glicêmico e na pressão arterial e uma resposta significativa (p <0,05) na aptidão cardiorrespiratória. Conclusão: O exergame aponta resultados satisfatórios na melhoria da saúde e pode ser incorporado como uma política pública relevante na promoção da saúde do adolescente. (Registro PROSPERO CRD42020181772). Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 158-161, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003527

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the binocular and monocular accommodation among normal group, premyopia group and mild myopia group, and to study the characteristics of accommodation in the premyopia group, thus providing clinical evidence for the delay/prevention of myopia and the effective decrease of the incidence of myopia.METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. A total of 179 children who had abnormal/high-risk visual acuity indicated by the vision screening in school from October 2021 to February 2023 were selected, including 92 males and 87 females, aged from 6 to 12(mean 8.55±1.66)years old, then they were referred to the Juvenile Myopia Prevention and Control Center in Cuizu Community Health Service Center. They were divided into normal group(+0.75 D&#x0026;#x003C;SE≤+2.00 D), the premyopia group(-0.50 D&#x0026;#x003C;SE≤+0.75 D)and the mild myopia group(-3.00 D≤SE≤-0.50 D)according to the diopters after cycloplegia, and binocular myopia grouping is defined by the eye with lower diopter. Binocular positive relative accommodation(PRA), negative relative accommodation(NRA), accommodative facility(AF), and monocular AF and amplitude of accommodation(AA)were examined. The age, binocular and monocular accommodation of different groups were compared.RESULTS: There were no difference in the sex ratio of different groups(χ2=0.167, P=0.920). There was no difference in age between the normal group and the premyopia group(P=0.310), but there were differences between the mild myopia group and the normal group and premyopia group(P=0.018, &#x0026;#x003C;0.01); Binocular NRA, PRA, and AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). Monocular AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia group(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05); The monocular AA had significance among the three groups(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Although the diopters was normal, binocular NRA, PRA, monocular and binocular AF had significantly decreased in the premyopia group, and there was no significant difference compared with mild myopia group; monocular AA had decreased in the premyopia group and it was also significantly different from the mild myopia group. The accommodation function should be examined in premyopic children. Recovering the abnormal visual function through visual training may be a way to prevent and control premyopia from progressing to myopia.

10.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2023027, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify how patient-centered care has been addressed in tuberculosis studies with adolescents. Data source: We searched for articles published in Portuguese, Spanish and English in the Virtual Health Library (LILACS), PubMed (MedLine), and Scopus (Elsevier) databases, from 2000 to 2020, using descriptors (DeCS, MeSH) in Portuguese and English. Data synthesis: 1,322 studies were identified, of which 18 were selected. The main themes found were related to adherence to tuberculosis treatment, knowledge, attitudes and practices, health education, and public policies. Conclusions: We observed that both the number of researchers dedicated to the topic and the presence of a truly person-centered view are still scarce elements in tuberculosis among adolescents research.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar, por meio de uma revisão integrativa, como o cuidado centrado no paciente tem sido abordado nos estudos de tuberculose com adolescentes. Fontes de dados: Buscamos artigos publicados em português, espanhol e inglês nas bases de dados da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - BVS (LILACS), PubMed (MedLine) e Scopus (Elsevier), de 2000 a 2020, utilizando descritores (DeCS, MeSH) em português e inglês. Síntese dos dados: Foram identificados 1.322 estudos, dos quais 18 foram selecionados. Os principais temas encontrados foram relacionados à adesão ao tratamento da tuberculose, conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas, educação em saúde e políticas públicas. Conclusões: Observamos que tanto o número de pesquisadores dedicados ao tema quanto a presença de uma visão verdadeiramente centrada na pessoa ainda são elementos escassos na pesquisa da tuberculose entre adolescentes.

11.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2022241, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the COVID-19 clinical characteristics, associated comorbidities, and outcomes in adolescents. Data source: This is a systematic review study based on articles published between 2020 and 2022 in the United States National Library of Medicine - PubMed (MedLine), Virtual Health Library - VHL (LILACS), Science Direct, Web of Science, and Scopus (Elsevier) databases. The study was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, under No. CRD42022309108. Data synthesis: A total of 1188 studies were identified. After applying the selection criteria, 13 articles were included. Prevalence was 25%; mild cases were predominant; and fever, cough, headache, anosmia, nasal congestion, and ageusia were frequent. Fever and cough were proportionally higher in hospitalized cases: 81 and 68%, respectively. Dyspnea (odds ratio [OR] 6.3; confidence interval 95%[CI] 2.8-14.3), fever (OR 3.8; 95%CI 2.0-7.4), and cough (OR 3.4; 95%CI 2.0-6.0) were associated with severe cases. Up to 28% required intensive care and 38% required mechanical ventilation. Pre-existing comorbidities increased the risk of hospitalization and death. Severe cases were associated with the risk of death (relative risk [RR] 4.6; 95%CI 2.8-7.5). The black, mixed, and indigenous races/skin colors represented risk groups, as well as residents of poorer regions. Conclusions: The review provided a better understanding of the disease profile and may favor the development of public policies, in addition to contributing to the current literature in the field of adolescent health.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar as características clínicas, as comorbidades associadas e os desfechos da COVID-19 em adolescentes. Fontes de dados: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática elaborada com base em artigos publicados entre 2020 e 2022 nas bases de dados United States National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Science Direct, Web of Science e Scopus. O estudo foi registrado no International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, n° CRD42022309108. Síntese dos dados: Foram identificados 1.188 estudos. Após a aplicação dos critérios de seleção, 13 artigos foram incluídos. A prevalência foi de 25%; os casos leves foram predominantes; e febre, tosse, cefaleia, anosmia, congestão nasal e ageusia foram frequentes. Febre e tosse foram proporcionalmente maiores em casos hospitalizados, com 81 e 68%, respectivamente. Dispneia (OR 6,3; IC95% 2,8-14,3), febre (OR 3,8; IC95% 2,0-7,4) e tosse (OR 3,4; IC95% 2,0-6,0) foram associados a casos graves. Até 28% necessitaram de cuidados intensivos e 38% de ventilação mecânica. A preexistência de comorbidade aumentou o risco de internação e óbito. Os casos graves estão associados ao risco de óbito (risco relativo — RR 4,6; IC95% 2,8-7,5). As raças/cores preta, parda e indígena e os moradores de regiões mais pobres foram grupo de risco. Conclusões: A revisão permitiu conhecer o perfil da doença e poderá favorecer a elaboração de políticas públicas, além de contribuir para a literatura atual no campo da saúde do adolescente.

12.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2023042, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the impact of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate on bone mineral density and bone mineral content in children and adolescents infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Data source: The search procedure was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement. The search was carried out until April 2022 in Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Embase, Cochrane Central, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, Scopus, and MedRxiv. The combination of terms used was: (Children OR Youth OR Teenagers) AND HIV AND (Tenofovir OR "Antiretroviral therapy") AND ("Bone density" OR Osteoporosis OR Osteopenia). The protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO, CRD42022312851) Data synthesis: The initial searches resulted in 1156 papers. After the exclusion of duplicate studies, three blinded reviewers analyzed the title and abstract of 563 papers, of which 57 remained to be read in full. Only nine papers met the eligibility criteria and were included in descriptive and risk-of-bias analyses. Regarding study design, four were cross-sectional, three were longitudinal before-after studies without a control group, and two were prospective cohorts. Among these nine papers, seven showed no significant association between tenofovir disoproxil fumarate use and reduced bone mass in young people. However, these papers did not have high methodological quality. Conclusions: Although most of the selected papers found no harmful effect of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate on bone mass, further primary research with higher methodological quality is needed so robust scientific evidences can be obtained.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar o impacto do tenofovir disoproxil fumarato sobre a densidade mineral óssea e o conteúdo mineral ósseo em crianças e adolescentes infectados pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Fontes de dados: O procedimento de busca foi executado de acordo com o Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement. A busca foi realizada até abril de 2022 nas seguintes bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Embase, Cochrane Central, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs), Web of Science, Scopus, and MedRxiv. A combinação de termos utilizada foi: (Children OR Youth OR Teenagers) AND HIV AND (Tenofovir OR "Antiretroviral therapy") AND ("Bone density" OR Osteoporosis OR Osteopenia). O protocolo foi registrado na base International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews — PROSPERO (CRD42022312851). Síntese dos dados: As pesquisas iniciais resultaram em 1.156 artigos. Após a exclusão dos estudos duplicados, três revisores cegos analisaram título e resumo de 563 estudos, dos quais 57 permaneceram para leitura na íntegra. Somente nove artigos atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade e foram incluídos para análises descritivas e de risco de viés. Com relação ao desenho dos estudos, quatro foram transversais, três foram estudos longitudinais antes-depois sem grupo controle e dois foram coortes prospectivas. Dos nove artigos, sete não mostraram associação significativa entre uso de TDF e redução de massa óssea em pessoas jovens. Entretanto, esses estudos não tiveram alta qualidade metodológica. Conclusões: Embora a maioria dos estudos selecionados não tenha encontrado efeito prejudicial do TDF sobre massa óssea, novas pesquisas primárias com maior qualidade metodológica são necessárias para que sejam obtidas evidências científicas robustas.

13.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 24: e20220416, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to investigate the association between dietary patterns, physical activity, and body phenotypes in adolescents. Methods: this school-based cross-sectional study involved 1,022 adolescents aged ten to 19 years. Dietary patterns and body phenotypes were defined using a principal component analysis. Body phenotype was defined using anthropometry, body composition, biochemistry, sexual maturation, and dietary patterns from 19 food groups, using a food frequency questionnaire. The association between the dietary patterns and body phenotypes was assessed using a linear regression model. Results: five body phenotypes (BP1adiposity, BP2puberty, BP3biochemical, BP4muscular, BP5lipids_biochemical) and five dietary patterns (DP1ultraprocessed_foods, DP2fresh_foods, DP3bread_rice_beans, DP4culinary_preparations, DP5cakes_rice_beans) were identified. There were higher BP_adiposity scores for obese adolescents, but energy expenditure was similar for obese and non-obese adolescents. Physical activity was positively associated with BMI, BP_adiposity, and BP_puberty. We observed a negative association between DP_ultraprocessed_foods and BMI, and a positive association between DP_fresh_food. DP_fresh_foods was positively associated with BP_adiposity; DP_ultraprocessed_foods and DP_culinary_preparations were negatively associated with this phenotype. BP_biochemical was negatively associated with DP_fresh_foods. Conclusion: we identified a negative association between a dietary pattern composed mainly of ultra-processed foods, fresh foods, and BP_adiposity. These associations need to be better explored, especially in adolescents, as both dietary patterns and phenotypes were defined using multivariate analysis.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar associação entre padrão alimentar (PA), atividade física (AF) e fenótipos corporais (FC) em adolescentes. Métodos: estudo transversal de base escolar com 1.022 adolescentes de dez a 19 anos. Padrão alimentar e fenótipo corporal foram definidos por meio da análise de componentes principais. O fenótipo corporal foi definido usando antropometria, composição corporal, bioquímica e maturação sexual, e padrão alimentar a partir de 19 grupos de alimentos de um questionário de frequência alimentar. A associação entre padrão alimentar e fenótipo corporal foi avaliada por modelo de regressão linear. Resultados: foram identificados cinco fenótipos corporais (FC1adiposidade, FC2puberdade, FC3bioquímico, FC4muscular, FC5lipídios_bioquímico) e cinco padrões alimentares (PA1alimentos_ultraprocessados, PA2alimentos_frescos, PA3pão_arroz_feijão, PA4preparações_culinárias, PA5bolos_arroz_feijão). Há maiores escores de FC_adiposidade para adolescentes com obesidade, mas o gasto energético foi semelhante para adolescentes com e sem diagnóstico de obesidade. Atividade física associou-se positivamente com IMC, FC_adiposidade e FC_puberdade. Observamos associação negativa entre PA_ultraprocessados e IMC, e positiva entre PA_alimentos_frescos. PA_alimentos_frescos associou-se positivamente com FC_adiposidade; PA_ultraprocessados e PA_preparações_culinárias se associaram negativamente a este fenótipo. FC_bioquímico associou-se negativamente com PA_alimentos_frescos. Conclusão: identificamos associação negativa entre padrão alimentar composto principalmente por alimentos ultraprocessados e alimentos in natura e FC_adiposidade. Essas associações devem ser exploradas com o mesmo público em estudos futuros, principalmente em adolescentes, pois tanto o padrão alimentar quanto o fenótipo foram definidos por meio de análise multivariada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Phenotype , Exercise , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Adolescent Nutrition , Feeding Behavior , Body Composition , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sociodemographic Factors
14.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 58: e20230310, 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1535165

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the relationship between sociodemographic and clinical factors with health literacy in Brazilian adolescents. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with 526 adolescents aged 14 to 19. Data were collected virtually between July and September 2021 using a sociodemographic characterization questionnaire, clinical profile and the Health Literacy Assessment Tool - Portuguese version. The variables were evaluated by multiple linear regression with normal response, with significance p < 0.05. Results: The average age was 16.9 years (±1.6), the average health literacy score was 25.3 (±5.4). Female gender (p = 0.014), university educational level (p = 0.002) and use of medication (p = 0.020) were related to higher levels of health literacy. Adolescents with chronic illnesses had a higher total literacy score, on average 1.51 points, compared to those without chronic illnesses. Conclusion: Male adolescents and those with less education performed worse in health literacy and, therefore, deserve special attention in health promotion actions.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre factores sociodemográficos y clínicos con la alfabetización en salud de adolescentes brasileños. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal llevado con 526 adolescentes entre 14 y 19 años. Los datos se recogieron virtualmente entre julio y septiembre de 2021 mediante un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica, de perfil clínico y de la Health Literacy Assessment Tool - versión en portugués. Las variables se sopesaron por regresión linear múltiple con respuesta normal y significación p < 0,05. Resultados: La edad promedio era de 16,9 años (±1,6) y la puntuación media en alfabetización en salud de 25,3 (±5,4). El sexo femenino (p = 0,014), la mayor escolaridad (p = 0,002) y el uso de medicación (p = 0,020) estaban relacionados con niveles más altos de alfabetización en salud. Los adolescentes con enfermedades crónicas obtuvieron una puntuación total de alfabetización más alta, en media, 1,51 puntos, en comparación con los que no padecían dichas enfermedades. Conclusión: Adolescentes del sexo masculino y aquellos con menos escolaridad presentaron un desempeño pobre en la alfabetización en salud y, por esa razón, necesitan atención especial durante las acciones de promoción de la salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a relação entre fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos com o letramento em saúde de adolescentes brasileiros. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 526 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos. Os dados foram coletados virtualmente entre julho e setembro de 2021 por meio de questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica, do perfil clínico e do Health Literacy Assessment Tool - versão em português. As variáveis foram avaliadas por regressão linear múltipla com resposta normal, com significância p < 0,05. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 16,9 anos (±1,6), a pontuação média do letramento em saúde foi de 25,3 (±5,4). Sexo feminino (p = 0,014), maior escolaridade (p = 0,002) e uso de medicamentos (p = 0,020) foram relacionados a maiores níveis de letramento em saúde. Adolescentes com doenças crônicas apresentaram pontuação total do letramento superior, em média 1,51 pontos, comparados aos sem doença crônica. Conclusão: Adolescentes do sexo masculino e os com menor escolaridade apresentaram pior desempenho no letramento em saúde e, por isso, merecem especial atenção nas ações de promoção da saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adolescent Health , Health Promotion , Adolescent Development , Health Literacy , Social Determinants of Health
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 38: e019, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550158

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with oral health-related quality of life in adolescents (OHRQoL). Individual data on adolescents were collected from a secondary database. OHRQoL was measured using the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) scale. Individual- and city-level variables were selected to represent the structural and intermediate determinants of health. The individual covariates analyzed were sex, age, skin color, maternal education, household income, number of people per room in the housing unit, dental attendance, self-perception of dental needs, untreated dental caries, and gingival bleeding. The contextual variables included the allocation factor, the Human Development Index (HDI), Gini coefficient, illiteracy, unemployment, income, average number of emergency dental visits per inhabitant, access to a sanitary sewer system, garbage collection, primary health care coverage, oral health team coverage, and number of tooth extractions between selected dental procedures and supervised toothbrushing. Unadjusted and adjusted multilevel Poisson regression analyses were used to evaluate the relationship between contextual and individual variables with overall OIDP scores (STATA version 16.0) - rate ratio (RR) and 95%CI. The mean OIDP score was 0.72 and the prevalence was 31.8%. There was an association between supervised toothbrushing average and the outcome (RR 0.95; 95%CI 0.91-0.99). Moreover, adolescents who lived in municipalities with the highest average number of emergency dental visits per inhabitant showed a higher OIDP. Sex, maternal education, untreated dental caries, and gingival bleeding were associated with OIDP. In addition, intersectoral public policies focusing on the reduction of social inequalities should be on the agenda of policymakers and stakeholders.

16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230416, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550472

ABSTRACT

Abstract At low concentrations used for in-office bleaching gels, such as 6% HP, gingival barrier continues to be performed. If we take into account that, in the at-home bleaching technique, no barrier is indicated, it seems that the use of a gingival barrier fails to make much sense when bleaching gel in low concentration is used for in-office bleaching. Objective This double-blind, split-mouth, randomized clinical trial evaluated the gingival irritation (GI) of in-office bleaching using 6% hydrogen peroxide (HP) with and without a gingival barrier in adolescents, as well as color change and the impact of oral condition on quality of life. Methodology Overall, 60 participants were randomized into which side would or would not receive the gingival barrier. In-office bleaching was performed for 50 minutes with 6% HP in three sessions. The absolute risk and intensity of GI were assessed with a visual analogue scale. Color change was assessed using a digital spectrophotometer and color guides. The impact of oral condition on quality of life was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (α=0.05). Results The proportion of patients who presented GI for the "with barrier" group was 31.6% and for the "without barrier" group, 30% (p=1.0). There is an equivalence for the evaluated groups regarding GI intensity (p<0.01). Color change was detected with no statistical differences (p>0.29). There was a significant impact of oral condition on quality of life after bleaching (p<0.001). Conclusions The use or not of the gingival barrier for in-office bleaching with 6% HP was equivalent for GI, as well as for bleaching efficacy, with improvement in the impact of oral condition on quality of life.

17.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 25-29, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538289

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Migraine is a chronic neurological disease, with a prevalence of 15.2% in Brazil. It is defined as an abnormal neurovascular reaction that occurs in a genetically vulnerable individual. Clinically manifests itself in recurrent episodes of headache associated with other symptoms, dependent on triggering factors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of hospital admissions of children and adolescents for migraine and other headache disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive epidemiological study carried out with data extracted from the Brazilian Unified Health System's Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS), indexed to the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Hospital admissions were selected based on age groups, with an emphasis on children under nine years old and adolescents between 10 and 19 years old, residing in Brazil, between July 2013 and June 2023. RESULTS: Of 93,821 hospital admissions, there were 16,149 hospitalizations (17.2%) of children and adolescents (62.5% women and 37.5% men) due to migraine and other headache disorders. There was a predominance of the age group between 15 and 19 years old (50.2%), with a higher number of cases in the Southeast region (35.9%) and of brown ethnicity (42.6%). Over 10 years, there was a progressive increase in the number of hospital admissions, reaching a peak in 2019 (1,925/16,149; 11.9%), followed by a decline in 2020 and increasing again in subsequent years. Twenty-four deaths were found (24/16,149; 0.1%), 13 men and 11 women, with a predominance in the age group of 15 to 19 years (45.8%), coming from the Northeast region (58.3 %) and of brown ethnicity (58.4%). Deaths occurred predominantly in the years 2022 and 2023 (46.6%). CONCLUSIONS: There is an increase in the number of hospital admissions of children and adolescents due to migraine and other headache disorders with a consequent increase in the number of deaths.


INTRODUÇÃO: A enxaqueca é uma doença neurológica crônica, com prevalência de 15,2% no Brasil. É definida como uma reação neurovascular anormal que ocorre em um indivíduo geneticamente vulnerável. Manifesta-se clinicamente por episódios recorrentes de cefaleia associados a outros sintomas, dependentes de fatores desencadeantes. OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico das internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo e descritivo realizado com dados extraídos do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), indexados ao Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS). As internações hospitalares foram selecionadas com base em faixas etárias, com ênfase em crianças menores de nove anos e adolescentes entre 10 e 19 anos, residentes no Brasil, entre julho de 2013 e junho de 2023. RESULTADOS: De 93.821 internações hospitalares, ocorreram 16.149 internações (17,2%) de crianças e adolescentes (62,5% mulheres e 37,5% homens) por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias. Houve predomínio da faixa etária entre 15 e 19 anos (50,2%), com maior número de casos na região Sudeste (35,9%) e de etnia parda (42,6%). Ao longo de 10 anos, houve um aumento progressivo no número de internações hospitalares, atingindo um pico em 2019 (1.925/16.149; 11,9%), seguido de uma queda em 2020 e voltando a aumentar nos anos subsequentes. Foram encontrados 24 óbitos (24/16.149; 0,1%), 13 homens e 11 mulheres, com predomínio na faixa etária de 15 a 19 anos (45,8%), procedentes da região Nordeste (58,3%) e de cor parda. etnia (58,4%). Os óbitos ocorreram predominantemente nos anos de 2022 e 2023 (46,6%). CONCLUSÕES: Há um aumento no número de internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes por enxaqueca e outras cefaleias com consequente aumento no número de mortes.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Headache Disorders/complications , Headache/diagnosis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: 12958, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1531928

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: apreender as representações sociais de cuidadores de crianças e adolescentes sobre o câncer infantojuvenil. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva, fundamentada na abordagem estrutural da Teoria das Representações Sociais, baseada na Teoria do Núcleo Central. Foram utilizados para coleta dos dados a Técnica de Associação Livre de Palavras e a entrevista semiestruturada. Participaram 34 cuidadores familiares, na cidade de Itabuna, Bahia. Os dados oriundos da Técnica de Associação Livre de Palavras foram processados pelo software EVOC. Resultados: a partir da análise dos dados, emergiram as seguintes categorias temáticas : Impacto e sentimentos que permeiam o cotidiano do cuidador, e enfrentamentos encontrados pelos cuidadores para vencer o câncer Infantojuvenil. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que o grupo social possui elementos representacionais nos termos evocados "Deus" e "sofrimento", apontando que o diagnóstico da doença acarreta sofrimento para os cuidadores, crianças e adolescentes


Objective: to apprehend the social representations of caregivers of children and adolescents about cancer in children and adolescents. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, based on the structural approach of the Theory of Social Representations, based on the Theory of the Central Nucleus. The Free Word Association Technique and the semi-structured interview were used for data collection. Participants were 34 family caregivers, in the city of Itabuna, Bahia. The data from the Free Word Association Technique were processed by the EVOC software. Results: from the analysis of the data, the following thematic categories emerged: Impact and feelings that permeate the daily life of the caregiver, and confrontations encountered by the caregivers to overcome childhood cancer. Conclusion: it was evidenced that the social group has representational elements in the evoked terms "God" and "suffering", pointing out that the diagnosis of the disease causes suffering for caregivers, children and adolescents. Demonstrating that caregivers share their everyday experiences about coping with the disease


Objetivos: aprehender las representaciones sociales de cuidadores de niños y adolescentes sobre el cáncer en niños y adolescentes. Método: investigación cualitativa, exploratoria, descriptiva, basada en el enfoque estructural de la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales, fundamentada en la Teoría del Núcleo Central. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó la Técnica de Asociación Libre de Palabras y la entrevista semiestructurada. Los participantes fueron 34 cuidadores familiares, en la ciudad de Itabuna, Bahía. Los datos de la Técnica de Asociación Libre de Palabras fueron procesados por el software EVOC. Resultados: del análisis de los datos surgieron las siguientes categorías temáticas: Impacto y sentimientos que impregnan el cotidiano del cuidador, y enfrentamientos encontrados por los cuidadores para superar el cáncer infantil. Conclusión: se evidenció que el grupo social posee elementos representacionales en los términos evocados "Dios" y "sufrimiento", apuntando que el diagnóstico de la enfermedad provoca sufrimiento a los cuidadores, niños y adolescentes. Demostrar que los cuidadores comparten sus experiencias cotidianas sobre cómo sobrellevar la enfermedad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health-Disease Process , Caregivers , Social Representation , Child , Adolescent , Neoplasms
19.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE02612, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533326

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Desenvolver e analisar como prova de validade de conteúdo cartilha digital para prevenção da violência sexual na adolescência. Métodos Estudo metodológico desenvolvido em três etapas: construção da cartilha digital a partir do modelo de Falkembach, validação do material por um comitê de especialistas por meio do Índice de Concordância (IC), considerando-o maior que 80%; e avaliação pelo público-alvo (adolescentes) a partir da aplicação do instrumento Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), considerando-o "Superior" entre 70% a 100%; "Adequado", de 40 a 69%; "Inadequado", de 0 a 39%. Resultados A cartilha digital foi considerada válida pelos especialistas, com o índice de concordância entre 86% e 100%; e qualificada como "Superior" pelos adolescentes com percentual de escore de 97% no instrumento SAM. Conclusão A cartilha foi considerada válida pelos especialistas e público-alvo, estando apta a ser utilizada como recurso tecnológico para identificar situações de violência sexual na adolescência e possibilitar a adoção de comportamentos preventivos.


Resumen Objetivo Elaborar y analizar como prueba de validez de contenido una cartilla digital para la prevención de la violencia sexual en la adolescencia. Métodos Estudio metodológico llevado a cabo en tres etapas: elaboración de la cartilla digital a partir del modelo de Falkembach; validación del material por un comité de especialistas mediante el Índice de Concordancia (IC), considerado mayor a 80 %; y evaluación por parte del público destinatario (adolescentes) a partir de la aplicación del instrumento Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), considerado "Superior" entre 70 y 100 %, "Adecuado" de 40 a 69 %; "Inadecuado" de 0 a 39 %. Resultados La cartilla digital fue considerada válida por parte de los especialistas, con un índice de concordancia entre 86 y 100 %, y fue calificada como "Superior" por los adolescentes, con un porcentaje de la puntuación de 97 % en el instrumento SAM. Conclusión La cartilla fue considerada válida por los especialistas y por el público destinatario y es apta para utilizarla como recurso tecnológico para identificar situaciones de violencia sexual en la adolescencia y permitir la adopción de comportamientos preventivos.


Abstract Objective To develop and analyze a digital booklet for preventing sexual violence in adolescence as proof of content validity. Methods This is a methodological study developed in three stages: digital booklet construction based on the Falkembach model; material validity by a committee of experts using the Index of Agreement (IA), considering it greater than 80%; and assessment by the target audience (adolescents), based on the application of the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), considering it "Superior" between 70% and 100%; "Suitable", between 40 and 69%; "Unsuitable", between 0 and 39%. Results The digital booklet was considered valid by experts, with an agreement rate between 86% and 100%, and qualified as "Superior" by adolescents with a score percentage of 97% on the SAM. Conclusion The booklet was considered valid by experts and target audience, being able to be used as a technological resource to identify situations of sexual violence in adolescence and enable the adoption of preventive behaviors.

20.
Saúde Soc ; 33(1): e220692pt, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536867

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo compreender, pelo uso do Photovoice, as representações de bullying presentes entre adolescentes escolares do ensino médio. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, realizado com 54 adolescentes da rede pública de ensino do estado do Paraná, organizados em seis grupos focais. Os dados foram coletados mediante a técnica participativa Photovoice e submetidos à análise de conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Da análise dos dados emergiram três categorias: "Bullying estético, homofóbico e de gênero: estratégias subversivas", "Os efeitos danosos do bullying" e "O diálogo interdisciplinar como estratégia de prevenção e combate ao bullying". Com os resultados, foi possível evidenciar que a prática do bullying acontece a partir das dissonâncias entre agressores e vítimas, com insultos à condição de conformação corporal, orientação sexual, identidade de gênero, entre outros. Por essa razão, é preciso viabilizar ações articuladas entre educação e saúde para o diálogo e escuta a respeito do bullying na comunidade escolar, com vistas a seu enfrentamento, prevenção e proteção, almejando, sobretudo, o respeito e valorização das diferenças.


Abstract This article aims to understand, by using Photovoice, the representations of bulling among high school adolescents. This is a qualitative study, conducted with 54 adolescents from the public school system of the state of Paraná, organized into six focus groups. The data were collected using the Photovoice participatory technique and submitted to content analysis proposed by Bardin. Three categories emerged from the data analysis: "Esthetic, homophobic, and gender bullying: subversive strategies", "The harmful effects of bullying", and "Interdisciplinary dialogue as a strategy to prevent and combat bullying." With the results, it was possible to evidence that the practice of bullying happens from dissonances between aggressors and victims, with insults to the condition of body conformation, sexual orientation, gender identity, among others. For this reason, it is necessary to enable articulated actions between education and health for dialogue and listening about bullying in the school community, with a view to coping with it, prevent it, and protect against it, seeking above all the respect and appreciation of differences.

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