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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 355-357, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285067

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tattooing one's body is currently a common practice worldwide; however, it is not risk-free. This is a case of a patient who tattooed himself motivated by his passion for motorcycles and then developed an exuberant lichenoid reaction to the red pigment used in the tattoo, with the appearance of verrucous lesions. Despite the lack of response to treatment, he states that he would tattoo his own skin again.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tattooing/adverse effects , Lichenoid Eruptions/chemically induced , Skin , Motorcycles , Coloring Agents
2.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Allergic reactions are host immune responses to endogenous or exogenous antigens, which can result in local and systemic problems. Among the main allergens are the dental materials used in orthodontics, which faces some challenges with regard to biocompatibility with oral tissues.This study aimed to analyze in the literature which materials used in orthodontics are related to the appearance of oral and perioral allergic reactions, as well as to investigate the most prevalen t manifestations.An integrative review was carried out with articles published between 2010 and 2020 on the PubMed, Embase, and ScienceDirect on-line database. For this, MeSH descriptors and synonyms were used following two semantic fields: "Hypersensitivity" in association with "Orthodontic Appliances", the selection of studies counted with the stages of identifica tion, screening, eligibility and inclusion. Randomized clinical trials, cross-sectional or cohort clinical trials; Patients with alle rgic reactions affecting the oral or perioral region due to contact with orthodontic material, were included in the review.From a to tal of 549 articles only 04 were selected for the study. In accordance with what has been analyzed in the evidence of these studies, periodontal changes such as gingival inflammation as well as erythema, edema, papules and blisters were the main reactions described. Furthermore, in all articles there was an association with nickel and in only one with chromium. It is possible to i nfer that inflammatory lesions are frequent manifestations on the use of nickel in orthodontic patients.


RESUMEN: Las reacciones alérgicas son respuestas inmunes del huésped a antígenos endógenos o exógenos, los cuales pueden provocar problemas locales y sistémicos. Entre los principales alérgenos se encuentran los materiales dentales utilizados en la ortodoncia, la cual se enfrenta a algunos desafíos respecto a la biocompatibilidad de los tejidos orales. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar en la literatura que materiales utilizados en ortodoncia están relacionados con la aparición de reacciones alérgicas orales y periorales, así como investigar las manifestaciones más prevalentes. Se llevó a cabo una revisión con artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2020 en las bases de datos PubMed, Embase y ScienceDirect. Para ello, se utilizaron descriptores y sinónimos de MeSH siguiendo dos campos semánticos: "Hipersensibilidad" en asociación con "Aparatos de Ortodoncia", la selección de estudios contó con las etapas de identificación, cribado, elegibilidad e inclusión. Ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, ensayos clínicos transversales o de cohortes; en la revisión se incluyeron pacientes con reacciones alérgicas que afectaron a la regiones oral o perioral debido al contacto con material de ortodoncia. De un total de 549 artículos sólo cuatro fueron seleccionados para el estudio. De acuerdo con lo que se analizó en la evidencia, las principales reacciones descritas fueron cambios periodontales, como inflamación gingival, eritema, edema, pápulas y ampollas. Además, en todos los artículos hubo una asociación con níquel y solamente en uno con cromo. Es posible inferir que las lesiones inflamatorias son manifestaciones frecuentes sobre el uso de níquel en pacientes de ortodoncia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879084

ABSTRACT

Since the safety re-evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) injections began in 2009, some TCM injection companies and research institutes have done a lot of work. And with the increase of drug development and drug production technology levels in China, the safety of some TCM injections has been greatly improved. There are safety risks in TCM injections, which are mainly reflected in unclear basis of medicinal materials, simple production process, poor controllability of quality standards, nonstan-dard drug instructions and irrational medication in the use process. This paper describes the research progress of the above-mentioned aspects of TCM injections. In addition, the author team found that adverse reactions of TCM injections are mainly pseudo-allergic reactions. Therefore, a lot of work has been done in detection of pseudo-allergic reactions, mechanism research and risk control. This part of the work is also described in this article.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypersensitivity/etiology , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/adverse effects
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the safety of oral food challenge test(OFC).Methods:Clinical data of 120 cases with allergic reactions during OFC in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University Third Hospital from October 2015 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The relationship between sex, type of allergic foods, type of allergic reactions, involved organ system, serum specific IgE and severe allergic reaction were analyzed.Results:Allergic reactions occurred in 120 cases.There were 95 males and 25 females.The age ranged from 2 months to 10 years.All involved allergens included milk protein(47.5%, 57/120 cases), egg white(22.5%, 27/120 cases), wheat(19.2%, 23/120 cases), peanut(6.7%, 8/120 cases), nut(1.7%, 2/120 cases), and others(2.5%, 3/120 cases). The type of allergic reaction: 107 cases (90.8%) of hypersensitivity reaction occurred, with 24 cases (21.7%) of severe hypersensitivity reaction, and 13 cases (9.2%) of delayed hypersensitivity reaction.The involved systems include skin and mucous membrane, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, digestive system and nervous system.The correlation coefficient between serum specific IgE and severe allergic reaction was 0.315.Conclusions:Children with indications of OFC in the admission hospital have a high risk of OFC allergic reaction.Nearly 90% of them are immediate hypersensiti-vities, even anaphylaxis.Anaphylaxis that is caused by OFC and may lead to life risk or even death should be avoided.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185589

ABSTRACT

Background:Allergic transfusion reactions (ALTR) are very common complication of blood transfusion. Advances in transfusion medicine have significantly decreased the incidence of ALTR; however, ALTR continue to be burdensome for transfusion dependent patients. It increases their existing sufferings. Allergic reaction is more common in platelet concentrate transfusion because stored platelet concentrate supernatants (PCSNs) accumulate striking levels of biological response modifiers (BRMs) during storage. Objective: To determine the risk factors of allergic reactions in platelate concentrate transfusion. Method: It is a case control study enrolled a total of 64 diagnosed case of aplastic anaemia receiving transfusion of platelet concentrate at Department of Transfusion Medicine, BSMMU, Dhaka, from May 2015 to April 2016. Among them 32 case of aplastic anaemia having allergic reaction due to transfusion of platelet concentrate was considered as group I (case) and rest 32 patients not developed allergic transfusion reaction due to transfusion of platelet concentrate was considered as group II (control). Patients age belong to 5 - 50 years and both sex and also patients getting transfusion of plate late concentrate were enrolled in this study. Statistical analysis: Statistical analyses were carried out by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 for Windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). Chi-Square test, Odds ratio with 95% CI used to analyze the categorical variables, shown with cross tabulation. Student ttest used for continuous variables. Significant value of 'p' was decided to be at a level of 0.05 in two tailed tests. Result: The mean age was found 22.1±11.58 years in group I and 23.5±3.8 years in group II. Twenty four (75.0%) patients were male in group I and 17(53.1%) patients in group II. Almost twenty (62.5%) patients come from urban area in group I and 19(59.4%) in group II. In group I, thirty two (100.0%) patients had urticarialrash, 100.0% had itching, 37.5% had angioedema, 3.1% had cough, 3.1% had chest pain, 3.1% had respiratory distress, 3.1% had fever and 3.1% had vomiting. Almost twenty(62.5%) patients had tachycardia (>100 bpm) in group I and all patients had normal pulse in group II.Thirty two (100.0%) patients had normal blood pressure in both group. In group I, 31(96.9%) patients developed mild allergic reaction, 3.1% moderate allergic reaction. Majority (40.6%) patients belonged to age 16-30 years in present allergic transfusion reaction and 11(34.3%) in absent allergic transfusion reaction. Most (40.6%) of the patients was found blood group B in present allergic transfusion reaction and 11(34.4%) in absent allergic transfusion reaction. Multiple unit of PC transfusion increases 3.69 times risk to develop allergic transfusion reactions with 95% CI 0.99 to 14.44%.Platelet concentrate storage>3daysincreases 5.95timesrisktodevelopallergic transfusionreactionwith95%CI1.75to21.09%. Conclusion: Multiple unit (≥2) transfusion and Platelet concentrate storage >3 days were significantly (p<0.05) associated with allergic transfusion reactions but no significant association was found between allergic transfusion reactions with age and Blood group.

6.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(1): e938, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1042892

ABSTRACT

La L-asparaginasa es un medicamento utilizado en distintas fases de todos los protocolos de tratamiento actuales de la leucemia linfoide aguda (LLA). Se describen múltiples manifestaciones secundarias a la L asparaginasa entre las que las reacciones alérgicas son las más frecuente. Se estudiaron 144 niños con diagnóstico de LLA tratados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología, entre 1998 y el 2013. En 30 pacientes (21 por ciento) se presentaron reacciones alérgicas, similar a lo descrito en la literatura. El 76,6 por ciento de ellos habían recibido una dosis acumulativa menor de 80 000 UI (media de 48 757) y el mayor número de las reacciones alérgicas (86,7 por ciento) se reportó entre las dosis 9 y 18 recibidas (media de 11 dosis). Se observó una mayor supervivencia en los enfermos que recibieron más dosis (19 - 26 dosis) (p = 0.003). La sobrevida libre de eventos fue también mayor en este grupo (p= 0.357)(AU)


ABSTRACT L-asparaginase is a medication used in different phases of all current treatment protocols for acute lymphoid leukemia. Multiple secondary manifestations to L- asparaginase are described, and allergic reactions are the most frequent. We studied 144 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated at the Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología between 1998 and 2013. Thirty patients (21 percent) had allergic reactions, similar to what is described in literature; 76.6 percent of them had received a cumulative dose of less than 80 000 IU (average of 48 757); and the highest number of allergic reactions (86.7 percent) was reported between doses 9 and 18 received (mean of 11 doses). A greater global survival was observed in patients who received more doses (19 - 26 doses) (p=0.003). Event free survival was also higher in this group (p= 0.357)(AU)


Subject(s)
Asparagine/adverse effects , Asparagine/therapeutic use , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hypersensitivity/prevention & control
7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 477-478, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754340

ABSTRACT

Objective Urticaria,itchy skin,chest tightness,abdominal pain and anaphylactic shock are the common clinical manifestations of allergic reactions.In addition,the relevant literature indicates that allergies can cause coronary vasospasm or rupture of atherosclerotic plaque, leading to acute coronary syndrome,which is named Kounis syndrome.Here we report a case of a child admitted to the emergency departments with myocardial injury and ST depression on electrocardiography while a severe allergic reaction.The patient was discharged from the hospital after receiving anti?allergic and nutritional myocardial medication.I hope that we can learn more about Kounis syndrome through this case.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1667-1672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780260

ABSTRACT

The Chinese medicine injections prepared by the natural products containing sesquiterpenoids caused various adverse reactions in clinical use, among which skin allergic reactions are the most common. However, whether the reason of allergic reaction was related to the three isoprene units contained in the sesquiterpenoids is not clear, so the evaluation of drug safety has important guiding significance. The sesquiterpenoids are small molecular substances, and they are not antigens or haptens. They may induce anaphylaxis reactions by acting mast cells directly. Current research confirmed that Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor-X2 (MRGPRX2) which is a 7-transmembrane G protein coupled receptor on mast cells was a key target mediated allergic reactions induced by many small molecular drugs. Unlike IgE-mediated allergic reactions, pseudo-allergic reaction is related to dosage and dosing rate, and occurs in the first exposure to the sensitizer. In this paper, a series of experiments in vitro found that not all sesquiterpenoids caused anaphylactoid reactions. Ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1 and germacrone were selected as representative of sesquiterpenoids for calcium imaging assay. The data confirmed that only germacrone activated calcium mobilization through MRGPRX2, causing an increase in intracellular calcium ion concentration in mast cells. Furthermore, the release rate of β-hexosaminidase and the release amount of histamine analysis confirmed that germacrone induced mast cells degranulation directly. Knockdown of MRGPRX2 expression by siRNA and competitive binding experiments against ciprofloxacin were used to prove the target of germacrone was MRGPRX2. The results indicated that germacrone could activate mast cells directly to induce anaphylactoid reaction via MRGPRX2, which might be the reason of skin allergic reactions caused by injections containing germacrone.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719506

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hypoallergenic recombinant Der p 2 has been produced by various genetic manipulations, but mutation of a naturally polymorphic amino acid residue known to affect IgE binding has not been studied. This study aimed to determine the effect of a point mutation (S47W) of residue 47 of Der p 2 on its structure and immunoglobulin (Ig) E binding. Its ability to induce pro-inflammatory responses and to induce blocking IgG antibody was also determined. METHODS: S47 of recombinant Der p 2.0110, one of the predominant variants in Bangkok, was mutated to W (S47W). S47W secreted from Pichia pastoris was examined for secondary structure and for the formation of a hydrophobic cavity by 8-Anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (ANS) staining. Monoclonal and human IgE-antibody binding was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Allergen-induced degranulation by human epsilon receptor expressed-rat basophil was determined. Stimulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-8 release from human bronchial epithelial (BEAS2B) cells and inhibition of IgE binding to the wild type allergen by S47W-induced IgG were determined. RESULTS: S47W reduced secondary structure and failed to bind the hydrophobic ANS ligand as well as a monoclonal antibody known to be dependent on the nature of the side chain of residue 114 in an adjacent loop. It could also not stimulate IL-8 release from BEAS2B cells. IgE from house dust mite (HDM)-allergic Thais bound S47W with 100-fold weaker avidity, whereas IgE of HDM-allergic Australians did not. S47W still induced basophil degranulation, although requiring higher concentrations for some subjects. Anti-S47W antiserum-immunized mice blocked the binding of human IgE to wild type Der p 2. CONCLUSIONS: The mutant S47W had altered structure and reduced ability to stimulate pro-inflammatory responses and to bind IgE, but retained its ability to induce blocking antibodies. It thus represents a hypoallergen produced by a single mutation of a non-solvent-accessible amino acid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Blocking , Asians , Basophils , Dust , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Mice , Pichia , Point Mutation , Pyroglyphidae
11.
Acta méd. peru ; 35(1): 65-70, ene. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010888

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Kounis se caracteriza por un compromiso cardiaco que es secundario a una respuesta alérgica. Hay pocos datos acerca de la epidemiologia de esta enfermedad debido a su reciente descripción. Se presenta el caso de una paciente mujer de 46 años sin antecedentes de importancia que presentó dolor tipo cólico episódico en hipocondrio derecho de 4 días de tiempo de enfermedad, en la que se consideró el diagnóstico de cólico de origen biliar. Quince minutos luego de manejo sintomático (hiocsina/dipirona), la paciente presentó dolor torácico en región precordial de inicio súbito. La evaluación física mostró hipotensión, taquicardia, presencia de habones en todo el cuerpo y sibilantes a la auscultación pulmonar. El electrocardiograma mostro infradesnivel del segmento ST. Considerado como síndrome coronario agudo, se realizó el manejo con esteroides y soporte vital, y se indicó monitorización cardiovascular en unidad de cuidados intensivos. La paciente egresó sin complicación luego de unos días


Kounis syndrome is defined as an acute coronary syndrome secondary to an allergic response; and it is also known as allergic angina - acute myocardial infarction. There is little data on the epidemiology of this disease because of having been recently described. We present the case of a 46-year old woman who developed an episode of colicky abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant for 4 days, and a diagnosis of abdominal pain of biliary origin was considered. Fifteen minutes after symptomatic therapy was administered (hyoscine and metamizole), the patient developed sudden chest pain. Physical examination revealed hypotension, tachycardia, rash, and wheezing. The electrocardiogram showed ST segment depression. The case was managed as an acute coronary syndrome, vital support and steroids were part of its management, and the patient was admitted in the intensive care unit for coronary monitoring. A few days later, the patient was uneventfully discharged

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775330

ABSTRACT

Animal medicine injection is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections. All or part of animals with a significant curative effect and little side reactions as raw materials as well as modern technology are used to produce traditional Chinese medicine injections with a reliable and rapid drug efficacy and high bioavailability. Due to the complex composition of traditional Chinese medicine injections, imperfect quality standards, and unreasonable clinical use, the incidence of adverse reactions of traditional Chinese medicine injections has been significantly higher than that of traditional Chinese medicine for oral use. Animal medicine injections contain rich protein and fat, and heteroproteins are the main sensitization source in animal medicine injections. At present, the adverse reactions of animal medicine injections are mainly manifested in the anaphylaxis-like reactions at skin, mucous membranes and organ systems. The adverse reactions that occur during the first medication are more common. Specific causes for allergic-like adverse reactions in animal injections and related substances in traditional Chinese medicine injections made of animals that induce allergies or anaphylactoid reactions are currently not specifically reported. This article reviews the current adverse reactions of animal TCM injections, allergies and pseudoallergic reactions of animal TCM injections, the pharmacokinetics of animal TCM injections, and the combined use of drugs, in order to improve the quality standards of Chinese medicine injections for animals and provide reference for further safety related research.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Anaphylaxis , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Technology
13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1068-1069, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691914

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the basic situation of blood transfusion adverse reactions to provide a basis for more ra-tionally and safely using blood in clinic.Methods A total of 24 409 cases of blood transfusion in this hospital during 2012?2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The report forms of blood transfusion adverse reactions served as the criterion for conducting the sta-tistics.Results There were 214 case of transfusion adverse reaction in this hospital during these 4 years.The incidence rate was 0. 88%.Among 5 blood components,the adverse reaction occurrence by frozen plasma was maximal,followed by single donor PLT and suspension red blood cells,which by the washed red blood cells was lowest.The blood adverse reactions showed the decreasing trend with the time and increasing trend with the age group increase.The transfusion reactions had no statistical difference between sexes and among blood types(P>0.05).Conclusion Clinical medical units should fully recognize the risk of blood transfusion,set up a standardized blood usage system and strictly implement,strengthen the blood transfusion knowledge training,advocate the au-tologous blood transfusion and clinically scientific,reasonable and safe blood usage.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 167-171, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of sesamin on mast cell activation and its inflammatory mediator release,as well as its possible mechanisms of action.Methods:HCM-1 cells were activation by stimulation with 10 μg/ml anti-DNP IgE for 6 h and challenge with 100 ng/ml DNP-HAS for 10 min.Sesamin was administration at the concentration of 25,50 and 100 μg/L prior to DNP-HAS challenge,subsequently the effect of sesamin on mast cell degranulation was investigated by light microscope,and histamine release and expression of cytokines such as TNF-α IL-6,IL-1β,IL-8 of mast cells after sesamin treatment were investigated by ELISA.Western blot was used to determine the effect of sesamin on FcεRI downstream signaling including Lyn,Syk and PKCα activation,and IκBα phosphorylation and NF-κB activation.Results:DNP-HAS significantly increased mast cell degranulation,histamine release and those cytokines expression,enhanced Lyn,Syk,PKCα,IκBα phosphorylation and NF-κB activation(P<0.05). Sesamin(50,100 μg/L) significantly decreased mast cell degranulation,histamine release and cytokines expression (TNF-α,IL-4,IL-1β,and IL-8),reduced activity of Lyn,Syk,kinases and PKCα and IκBα phosphorylation,and inhibited NF-κB activation(P<0.05).Conclusion: Sesamin suppresses mast cell activation and inflammatory mediators release through inhibition of PKCα/NF-κB signaling pathway.

15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713985

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A hemovigilance system is essential to detect and analyze adverse transfusion reactions to various blood components. A blood bank physician has the role of discriminating the adverse transfusion reactions based on the hemovigilance criteria. This study investigated the incidence of adverse transfusion reactions per transfused case and the incidence of adverse transfusion reactions according to the various blood components in recipients. METHODS: From January 2016 to February 2017, 38,689 blood component units were transfused into 3,768 patients. A total of 11,170 transfused cases were reported. The patients’ signs or symptoms were monitored and reported by nurses using an electronic reporting system. A blood bank physician classified the adverse transfusion reactions according to the Korean hemovigilance reporting definitions. RESULTS: The frequency of all transfusion-related events was 469 according to the nursing record. Out of 469 events, 175 (37.3%) were classified as adverse transfusion reactions. The incidence of a febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reaction according to the blood component was highest for red blood cells (1.3%), followed by a platelets (0.8%) and fresh frozen plasma (0.3%). The incidence of allergic reactions was 1.0% (platelets), 0.8% (fresh frozen plasma), and 0.3% (red blood cells). The incidence of febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions was lowered significantly by leukocyte-reduction. CONCLUSION: The incidence of adverse transfusion reactions was 37.3% of the transfusion-related events. Therefore, close monitoring by the blood bank physician is essential for safe transfusion. The use of leukocyte-reduced blood components could reduce the incidence of febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions.


Subject(s)
Blood Banks , Blood Safety , Erythrocytes , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Incidence , Nursing Records , Plasma , Transfusion Reaction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841856

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of cellular immune in the pathogenesis of chronic urticaria, and to clarify the immunological mechanism of chronic urticaria. Methods: A total of 68 patients with chronic urticaria and 70 normal controls were selected as the subjects. The patients with chronic urticaria were divided into four different subgroups according to the different complications; there were 11 patients in autoimmune disease group (3 case of rheumatism, 2 case of lupus erythematosus, 4 cases of thyroid diseases, 2 cases vitiligo), 13 patients in Helicobacter pylori infection group, 10 patients in hepatitis B and hepatitis C group, and 6 patients in tumor group. The expressions of T cell surface markers CD3, CD4 1, and CD8 in the peripheral blood were detected with flow cytometry. Furthermore, the T cell subsets in the peripheral blood of the patients with chronic urticaria with different complications were detected by flow cytometry. Results: Compared with control group, the ratio of CD4 T cells of the patients in chronic urticaria group was significantly decreased (P0. 05). Compared with the patients with the disease duration less than 12 months, the ratio of CD4 1 T cells of the patients with the disease duration more than 12 months was significantly decreased (P0. 05). Compared with the patients without complications, the ratios of CD4 T cells and CD3 T cells of the patients with complications were decreased (P< 0. 05), the ratio of CD8 T cells was increased (P<0. 05), and the ratio of CD4 1/CD8 was decreased (P< 0. 05). Conclusion: The unbalance of cellular immune exists in the patients with chronic urticaria, especially the decreasing of the ratio of CD4 T cells in peripheral blood of the patients might be one of the mechanisms of pathogenesis of chronic urticaria.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 12-18, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the expression of cathepsin L( CTSL) on the skin of trichloroethylene( TCE)-sensitized mice,and explore the mechanism of CTSL in TCE-induced immunological skin damage. METHODS: The specific pathogen free female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into blank control group( n = 5),solvent control group( n = 5),TCE group( n = 15) and inhibitor group( n = 15). Skin sensitization experiments were performed according to the maximum guinea pig test method. The TCE group and inhibitor group were divided into sensitized subgroups and non-sensitized subgroups according to skin sensitization results. The skin tissues were taken 72 hours after the last TCE challenge.Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological structure of skin tissues and measured the thickness of epidermis. The level of Ctsl mRNA was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction,and the expression of CTSL, interleukin( IL)-6 and IL-17 were studied by immunohistochemical staining technique. RESULTS: The sensitization rate of TCE group and inhibitor group were 40. 0%(6/15) and 33. 3%(5/15) respectively. There was no statistical difference in the sensitization rate between the two groups( P > 0. 05). The thickness of epidermis and relative expression of Ctsl mRNA,CTSL,IL-6 and IL-17 in TCE sensitized subgroup and inhibitor sensitized subgroup were higher than that in blank control group,solvent control group,TCE non-sensitized subgroup and inhibitor non-sensitized subgroup(P < 0. 05). The above-mentioned indexes were higher in TCE sensitized subgroup than that in inhibitor sensitized subgroup( P < 0. 05). The relative expression of Ctsl mRNA,CTSL,IL-6 and IL-17 in skin of TCE sensitized subgroup were positively correlated between any two indexes( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: CTSL activation may play an important role in immunological skin damage of TCE-sensitized mice,which may be related to the promotion of IL-6 and IL-17 release.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1884-1888, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for standardized management of skin test of cephalosporin injection in our hos-pital. METHODS:In retrospective analysis,skin test of 8 kinds of cephalosporin [cefotaxime(1.0 g),cefotaxime(0.5 g),cefoti-am (1.0 g),cefotiam (0.5 g),ceftazidime (0.5 g),cefminox (0.5 g),cefminox (1.0 g),ceftriaxone (1.0 g)] and the cost of skin test, related cost of allergic reaction induced by cephalosporin injection were analyzed statistically during Sept. 1st, 2015-Aug. 31th,2016. The cost of skin test of cephalosporin injection was compared with allergic reaction cost reduced by skin test. RESULTS:The positive rate of 100330 patients who used above 8 kinds of cephalosporin injections was 6.27%;the rate of skin test was 82.49%;the direct cost of skin test was 3434411.72 yuan;the indirect cost was 141985.12 yuan;the cost of pa-tient was 3162901.44 yuan;the cost of medical insurance was 259096.28 yuan;the cost of the whole society was 3576396.84 yuan. From the perspective of the whole society,the cost of skin test of cephalosporin injections was(447049.61±247395.07)yuan, and allergic reaction cost reduced by skin test was (316075.48 ± 260600.49)yuan. The cost of skin test was significantly higher than allergic reaction cost reduced by skin test,with statistical significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Skin test of cephalosporin injection is low in positive rate,has high expense. The government standardizes the management of skin test of cephalosporin injec-tion and reduces the economic burden of patients under the premise of ensuring the safety of drug use.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606257

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of blood transfusion adverse reactions in children,and to explore the measures to reduce the adverse reactions of blood transfusion in children.Methods Collect 30 518 cases of transfusion reaction data which is during 2009 to 2014 in Kunming Children's hospital for analyzing.Results 166 cases of transfusion reaction occurred and the occurrence rate is 0.54% in 30 518 cases,allergic transfusion reaction accounted for 89.16% (148/166),non-hemolytic febrile reaction 10.24 % (17/166),hemoglobinuria accounted for 0.60 % (1/166);In children the transfusion reaction rate of hemapheresis platelet is 1.92%(72/3 743),plasma is 0.43%(56/13 132),suspension red blood cells is 0.28%(38/13 480);the signs and symptoms of children's blood transfusion reaction:simplex urticaria and rash 74.10%(123/166),simplex fever 10.24% (17/166),rash associated with fever 5.42% (9/166),eyelid or oral edema (mild angioneurotic oedema) 9.04% (15/166),,Bronchospasm (mild) 0.60% (1/166),simple hemoglobinuria 0.60% (1/166).Conclusion Children with blood transfusion adverse reactions to allergies,mainly for local or systemic rash;Platelet is the most-common blood component that causes transfusion reaction with children.

20.
Neurology Asia ; : 279-281, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-629173

ABSTRACT

The most frequently reported neurological complication of a wasp sting is ischemic stroke. We treated a patient with wasp sting with unusual complications. A 52-year-old man was hospitalized for anaphylactic shock after multiple wasp stings. Although the patient recovered consciousness after 2 days, he had global aphasia and right hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed high-intensity signals in the left basal ganglia and cerebral cortex and stenosis of the left middle cerebral artery. After 2 days, the middle cerebral artery stenosis improved. After 5 days, diffusion-weighted imaging showed an enlarged lesion in the left frontal cortex. The infarct in this case was due to a predominantly unilateral vasoconstrictive hypoxic brain injury from wasp stings.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries
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