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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 297-305, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514179

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients are exposed to acute and chronic nephrotoxic events (drugs, hypotension, infections, and microangiopathy). The need for hemodialysis (HD) may be associated with high mortality rates. However, the risk factors and clinical impact of HD are poorly understood. Aim: To analyze survival and risk factors associated with HD in allo-HSCT Patients and methods: single-center cohort study 185 (34 HD cases versus 151 controls) consecutive adult allo-HSCT patients from 2007-2019. We performed univariate statistical analysis, then logistic regression and competing risk regression were used to multivariate analysis. Survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional-hazards models. Results: The one-year HD cumulative incidence was 17.6%. Univariate analysis revealed that HD was significantly associated with male gender, age (p 0.056), haploidentical donor, grade II-IV acute GVHD, polymyxin B, amikacin, cidofovir, microangiopathy, septic shock (norepinephrine use) and steroid exposure. The median days of glycopeptides exposure (teicoplanin/vancomycin) was 16 (HD) versus 10 (no HD) (p 0.088). In multivariate analysis, we found: norepinephrine (hazard ratio, HR:3.3; 95% confidence interval, 95%CI:1.2-8.9; p 0.024), cidofovir drug (HR:11.0; 95%CI:4.6 - 26.0; p < 0.001), haploidentical HSCT (HR:1.94; 95%CI:0.81-4.65; p 0.14) and Age (HR:1.01; 95%CI: 0.99-1.03; p 0.18). The HD group had higher mortality rate (HR:6.68; 95% CI: 4.1-10.9; p < 0.001). Conclusion: HD was associated with decreased survival in allo-HSCT. Carefully use of nephrotoxic drugs and improving immune reconstitution could reduce severe infections (shock) and patients requiring cidofovir, which taken together may result in lower rates of HD, therefore improving survival.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 583-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005826

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To observe the effects of FAC combined with Bu conditioning for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 【Methods】 The data of 28 SAA patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in our hospital from January 2016 to September 2021 were collected and analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: FAC conditioning group and FAC + Bu conditioning group. We observed the side effects of conditioning regimen, hematopoietic recovery, acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD), viral infection, incidence of venous obstructive disease (VOD), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). 【Results】 There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, gender, physical condition, history of disease, gender relationship between donors and recipients, transplantation type, infusion of bone marrow nucleated cells, MNC or CD34 positive cells (P>0.05). Compared with those in FAC group, the side effects of auditory hallucination and visual hallucination in FAC + Bu group increased, the incidence of mixed chimerism decreased, the time of platelet reconstruction shortened, the incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD increased. However, 3-year PFS or OS did not significantly differ between the two groups. 【Conclusion】 FAC combined with Bu conditioning regimen promotes implantation and reduces mixed chimerism. However, it does not improve patients’ overall survival.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 777-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004739

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the correlation between early immune reconstitution and clinical outcomes in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). 【Methods】 The basic information and treatment data of 99 patients with ALL undering allo-HSCT from December 2018 to February 2022 were collected. The proportions of CD3+ T, CD3+CD4+ T, CD3+CD8+ T and CD3-CD16+CD56+ NK cells were detected before and 30, 60 and 90 days after transplantation using flow cytometry. The correlation between early cellular immune reconstitution and neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, infection, and acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was analyzed. 【Results】 Among 99 ALL patients, the median time of neutrophil engraftment was day +11 (range, 8-28), and the median time of platelet engraftment was day +14 (range, 10-120). The cumulative incidence of blood stream infection (BSI) was 11.10% and the cumulative incidence of CMV within 100 days of transplantation was 40.40%. The cumulative incidence of EBV within 100 days was 7.10%. The cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 22.30%. The cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) within 1 year of transplantation was 16.20%. 1 -year cumulative relapse rate was 13.84%. The 1 -year cumulative disease-free survival (DFS) for all patients was 80.60% and the 1-year overall survival (OS) was 90.30%. The CD4+/CD8+ ratio was positively associated with the development of aGVHD at 30 days post-transplant (OR 1.21, 95CI 1.01-1.45, P<0.05). The proportion of CD16+ CD56+ NK cell were higher in the group without BSI than that in the BSI group before and 30 days after transplantation (P < 0.05). The proportion of CD4+ T-cell were lower in the CMV infection group than that in the group without CMV infection at 60 and 90 days post-transplant(P<0.05). The higher level of CD4+ T-cells at 60 days post-transplant was a protective factor for CMV infection within 100 days (HR 0.91, 95CI 0.84-0.99, P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Early immune reconstitution after allo-HSCT in patients with ALL is associated with aGVHD, CMV and BSI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 440-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994688

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a sole viable treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). As the median age of AML is approaching 68 years and the global population is aging, allo-HSCT for is becoming more vital for elderly AML patients (60 years and over). Conditioning regimen is important in determining the clinical outcomes of post-allo-HSCT patients.This review summarized the classic and latest conditioning regimens and evaluated their respective clinical outcomes.Clinicians may appreciate the advantages of each conditioning regimen and formulate optimal options for elderly AML patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 421-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and risk factors of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) infusion at an early stage (i.e.gross hematuria) for hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:The relevant clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 300 patients undergoing allo-HSCT from January 2016 to July 2021.According to the presence or absence of HC, they were assigned into two groups of HC (n=89) and non-HC (control, n=211). According to whether or not receiving an infusion of UCMSCs, 51 patients of HC degree Ⅱ-Ⅳ were divided into two groups of UCMSC infusion and non-infusion.The risk factors of HC after allo-HSCT were analyzed by χ2 test.Logistic regression was employed for multivariate analysis of P<0.05.Mann-Whitney U test was utilized for statistically analyzing the duration of gross hematuria and urinary tract irritation symptoms and evaluating the clinical efficacy of UCMSCs infusion for HC. Results:Among them, 89 (29.67%) developed HC post-allo-HSCT.Clinical grades were Ⅰ (n=38, 42.70%), Ⅱ (n=36, 40.45%), Ⅲ (n=13, 14.61%) and Ⅳ (n=2, 2.25%). The median occurrence time was 29 (21.5-35.0) days post-allo-HSCT.In univariate analysis, age ≤30 years, haploid transplantation, antithymocyte globulin (ATG), acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), CMV-DNA positive pretreatment significantly boosted the risk of HC ( P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, aGVHD was an independent risk factor for HC ( OR=10.281, 95% CI: 1.606-65.813, P=0.014). Among 89 HC patients, 38 grade Ⅰ patients were complete remission(CR). Among 51 patients of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ HC, the outcomes were CR (n=48) and non-remission(NR)(n=3). And 24/51 of them received UCMSCs plus conventional treatment.The duration of gross hematuria was shorter in UCMSCs infusion group than that in UCMSCs non-infusion group [12(9-17) vs 17(12.0-26.5) day] and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.045). And the duration of urinary tract irritation symptoms was shorter in UCMSCs infusion group than that in UCMSCs non-infusion group [18(11-30) vs 27(18.0-35.5) days] and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.048). Conclusions:Indicated for post-ALLO-HSCT HC, infusion of UCMSCs may significantly shorten the course of disease.Age ≤30 years, haploid transplantation and preconditioning with positive ATG, aGVHD and CMV-DNA may boost the risks of HC post-allo-HSCT.And aGVHD is an independent risk factor for HC after allo-HSCT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 377-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994681

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent stem cells with self-renewing differentiation, immunoactivity and anti-inflammatory potentials.Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently the most effective treatment for hematologic malignancies.However, the presence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after transplantation has hindered the development of allo-HSCT.MSC-derived exosomes (MSC-exo) derived from mesenchymal stem cells have been confirmed to have broad therapeutic prospects in allo-HSCT and GVHD.This review focused upon immunomodulatory effects of MSC, biological activities of MSC-exo and research advances of MSC-exo on managing GVHD, aiming to provide new therapeutic rationales for GVHD in the future.

7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 223-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, treatments and prognoses of aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL) in children.Methods:Clinical data and follow-up results were retrospectively reviewed for one hospitalized case of ANKL in June 2019.Through a literature search, the relevant items were retrieved from the databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang and PubMed using the Chinese and English keywords of "aggressive natural killer cell leukemia" and "children" up to December 2021.Results:This 8-year-old girl was diagnosed with ANKL by flow cytometric immunophenotype and immunohistochemical stain.Fever was the initial manifestation accompanied by sallow complexion, fatigue, enlargement of liver, spleen and lymph node and hematopenia of three lines.Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was performed after chemotherapy.As of April 2022, the child stayed in a disease-free survival state after follow-ups for over 2 years.The literature search finally yielded 7 eligible Chinese and 10 English reports with a total of 17 pediatric ANKLs.In this group, there were fever (n=15), rash (n=1), perineal mass (n=1) and diarrhea, vomiting and other digestive tract symptoms (n=1). Six cases were misdiagnosed during an early stage of disease.4 cases received chemotherapy alone, 3 cases received chemotherapy regimen for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 1 child died and one death occurred after received chemotherapy regimen of "cisplatin + vincristine + doxorubicin + ifosfamide". Allo-HSCT was performed in 5 patients after remission with chemotherapy and one child died from multiple organ failure at 9 months after allo-HSCT.Nine cases gave up treatment.Conclusions:ANKL has a rapid disease progression, diverse clinical manifestations, easy misdiagnosis and poor prognosis.For suspected ANKL cases, clinicians perform multiple bone perforations at multiple sites and immunophenotype by flow cytometry as soon as possible to confirm the diagnosis.Currently allo-HSCT offers a long-term survival of ANKL patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 163-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of human adenovirus (HAdV) infection in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:This is a retrospective case series study. Patients who received allo-HSCT and had symptoms of HAdV infection were tested in the Hematology Department at Perking University People′s Hospital from August 2015 to October 2019. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect HAdV DNA from 2 728 patients with potential infection. HAdV DNA-positive patients were defined as having HAdV infection. The clinical features of these patients were analyzed, and a case-pair method was used to select patients without HAdV infection as the control group in a 1∶3 ratio. The clinical results of the two groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank testing.Results:A total of 7 119 samples were tested for HAdV, of which 99 samples from 36 patients were positive. Of these patients, 22 developed HAdV viremia, and 24 patients had concurrent infection with another virus. Nineteen patients had fever (53%), 25 had gastrointestinal symptoms (69%), 11 had respiratory symptoms (31%), nine had reduced liver function (25%), and six had nervous system symptoms (17%). Twenty-three patients developed acute graft-versus-host disease of grade 2 or higher. Of all the patients with HAdV infection, nine were treated with cidofovir, seven of whom became HAdV negative and two had invalid treatment. The median follow-up time was 496 (216, 940) d post-HSCT. The overall survival at 5 years post HSCT was 48.4%±9.2% vs. 91.3%±3.5% ( χ2=65.03, P<0.001) in patients with and without HADV, respectively. The non-relapse mortality at 5 years post-HSCT was 40.8%±8.8% vs. 4.0%±2.0% ( χ2=34.17, P<0.001) in patients with and without HADV, respectively. Conclusions:After allo-HSCT, HAdV-infected patients are dominated by gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms and have an increased risk of combined acute graft-versus-host disease of >2 degrees. Patients with HAdV infection have poor overall survival and high non-relapse mortality.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 890-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012253

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the feasibility of using donors with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) when there are no other available donors and allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued. Methods: Seventy-one patients with malignant hematological diseases undergoing allo-HSCT between December 8, 2022, and January 10, 2023, were included. Of these, 16 received grafts from donors with mild COVID-19 (D-COVID(+) group) and 55 received grafts from donors without COVID-19 (D-COVID(-) group). The graft compositions were compared between the two groups. Engraftment, acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), overall survival (OS), and relapse were also evaluated. Results: There were no serious side effects or adverse events in the D-COVID(+) group. The mononuclear cell dose and CD34(+) cell dose were comparable between the two groups, and no additional apheresis was required. There were no significant differences in the lymphocyte, monocyte, and T-cell subset doses between the two groups. The median natural killer cell dose in the D-COVID(+) group was significantly higher than that in the D-COVID(-) group (0.69×10(8)/kg vs. 0.53×10(8)/kg, P=0.031). The median follow-up time was 72 (33-104) days. All patients achieved primary engraftment. The 60-day platelet engraftment rates in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups were 100% and (96.4±0.2) %, respectively (P=0.568). There were no significant differences in neutrophil (P=0.309) and platelet (P=0.544) engraftment times. The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD was (37.5±1.6) % vs. (16.4±0.3) % (P=0.062), and of grade 3-4 aGVHD was 25.0% ±1.3% vs. 9.1% ±0.2% (P=0.095) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. The probabilities of 60-day OS were 100% and 98.1% ±1.8% (P=0.522) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. There was no relapse of primary disease during the study period. Conclusion: When allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued and no other donor is available, a donor with mild COVID-19 should be considered if tolerable. Larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are required to validate these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Graft vs Host Disease
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 660-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012209

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of two administration time strategies for rabbit antihuman thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) of 5mg/kg total dose in matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) . Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 32 patients who received MSD-HSCT with 5 mg/kg rATG conditioning regimen at the Department of Hematology of the First Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 2020 to April 2022. The patients were classified into two groups: the 4d-rATG group (16 cases), who received antithymocyte globulin (ATG) from day -5 to day -2, and the 2d-rATG group (16 cases), who received ATG from day -5 to day -4. Between the two groups, the transplantation outcomes, serum concentrations of active antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in patients from -4 days to 28 days after graft infusion (+28 days), and the reconstitution of lymphocyte subsets on days +30, +60, and +90 were compared. Results: The cumulative incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease at 100 days after graft infusion were 25.0% (95% CI 7.8% -47.2% ) and 18.8% (95% CI 4.6% -40.2% ) (P=0.605) in the 4d-rATG group and 2d-rATG group, respectively. The 1-year cumulative incidences of chronic graft-versus-host disease were 25.9% (95% CI 8.0% -48.6% ) and 21.8% (95% CI 5.2% -45.7% ) (P=0.896). The 1-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 37.5% (95% CI 18.9% -65.1% ) and 14.6% (95% CI 3.6% -46.0% ) (P=0.135), and the 1-year probabilities of overall survival were 75.0% (95% CI 46.3% -89.8% ) and 100% (P=0.062). The total area under the curve (AUC) of serum active ATG was 36.11 UE/ml·d and 35.89 UE/ml·d in the 4d-rATG and 2d-rATG groups, respectively (P=0.984). The AUC was higher in the 4d-rATG group than that in the 2d-rATG group (20.76 UE/ml·d vs 15.95 UE/ml·d, P=0.047). Three months after graft infusion, the average absolute count of CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the 4d-rATG group was lower than that in the 2d-rATG group (623 cells/μl vs 852 cells/μl, P=0.037) . Conclusion: The efficiencies of GVHD prophylaxis in MSD-PBSCT receiving 4d-ATG regimen and the 2d-rATG regimen were found to be similar. The reconstruction of CD8(+)T lymphocytes in the 2d-rATG group was better than that in the 4d-rATG group, which is related to the lower AUC of active ATG after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Siblings , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Transplantation Conditioning
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 628-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012204

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for hepatitis-related aplastic anemia (HRAA) patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia patients who received haplo-HSCT at our center between January 2012 and June 2022. October 30, 2022 was the final date of follow-up. Results: This study included 28 HRAA patients receiving allo-HSCT, including 18 males (64.3% ) and 10 females (35.7% ), with a median age of 25.5 (9-44) years. About 17 cases of severe aplastic anemia (SAA), 10 cases of very severe aplastic anemia (VSAA), and 1 case of transfusion-dependent aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA) were identified. Among 28 patients, 15 patients received haplo-HSCT, and 13 received MSD-HSCT. The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate, the 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) rate, the 2-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) rate, the 100-day grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) cumulative incidence rate, and the 2-year chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) cumulative incidence rate were 81.4%, 81.4% (95% CI 10.5% -20.6% ), 14.6% (95% CI 5.7% -34.3% ), 25.0% (95% CI 12.8% -45.4% ), and 4.2% (95% CI 0.6% -25.4% ), respectively. After transplantation, all patients had no significant liver function damage. Compared with the MSD-HSCT group, only the incidence of cytomegaloviremia was significantly higher in the haplo-HSCT group [60.0% (95% CI 35.2% -84.8% ) vs 7.7% (95% CI 0-22.2% ), P=0.004]. No statistically significant difference in the Epstein-Barr virus was found in the 2-year OS, 2-year FFS, 2-year TRM, and 100-day grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD cumulative incidence rates and 2-year cGVHD cumulative incidence rate. Conclusion: Allo-HSCT is safe and effective for HRAA, and haplo-HSCT can be used as a safe and effective alternative for newly diagnosed HRAA patients who cannot obtain HLA-matched sibling donors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Treatment Outcome , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hepatitis/etiology , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Transplantation Conditioning
12.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 534-538, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989128

ABSTRACT

Methotrexate(MTX)is one of the main drugs used to prevent graft-versus-host disease(GVHD)after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but it can cause a variety of adverse reactions, including severe mucositis, bone marrow suppression and hepatotoxicity.Studies on MTX gene polymorphisms mainly focused on the efficacy and complications of high-dose MTX therapy for various cancers, with relatively few studies on hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.From the perspective of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), this article provided a comprehensive review on the pharmacokinetics, complications, and prognosis with MTX gene polymorphisms in allo-HSCT patients, in order to provide clinical reference.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989012

ABSTRACT

The acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes are common myeloid neoplasms for which allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is one of the main curative therapies. In high-risk patients, the relapse rate can be more than 40%, and patients with post-transplantation relapses have a very poor prognosis, so preventing relapse after transplantation is crucial. The maintenance therapy is a group of interventions to prevent relapse when morphological, molecular biological and cytogenetic results are constantly negative after transplantation. Currently, the commonly used maintenance therapy is the application of demethylating drugs, targeted drugs, etc., but their necessity, medicine plan, adverse effects, multi-drug combinations, and other aspects need to be studied urgently. This article will systematically describe the progress of post-transplantation maintenance therapy for high-risk myeloid neoplasms based on drug classification.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 82-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988957

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common subtype of acute leukemia in adults with significant heterogeneity. Among hematological malignancies, targeted therapy for AML comes relatively late. Although traditional chemotherapy is still an indispensable part of AML treatment, more and more small molecule targeted drugs have been used in recent years since 2017. This article reviews the progress of small molecule targeted drugs for AML at the 64th American Society of Hematology annual meeting.

15.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 392-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979698

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of pathogens causing bloodstream infection in hematology patients during treatment and to compare the effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) on them, so as to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of bloodstream infection. Methods A total of 292 cases with bloodstream infection in hematology wards of the PLA General Hospital were collected from 2017 to 2021, which were divided into HSCT group and N-HSCT group according to whether performed HSCT or not. The epidemiological characteristics and influence of pathogenic bacteria in blood stream infection were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results A total of 362 strains of pathogenic bacteria were collected from 292 cases, including 106 strains in HSCT group (84 cases) and 256 strains in N-HSCT group (208 cases). Bloodstream infections were more common in acute myeloid leukemia (130/392, 44.52%), followed by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (74/292, 25.34%). The rate of once bloodstream infection in HSCT group was higher than that in N-HSCT Group, but the rate of twice bloodstream infections in N-HSCT group was higher. Gram-negative Bacilli were the most common pathogens (56.08%), with Escherichia coli being absolutely dominant (109/362, 30.11%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (39/362, 10.77%). Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) (107/362, 29.56%) were the most common Gram-positive cocci. The detection rate of fungi in HSCT group (10/106, 9.43%) was significantly higher than that in N-HSCT Group (3.52%). The drug resistance rate of the common pathogenic bacteria was at a high level, and there was a certain proportion of multi-drug resistant strains (except for Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The resistance rates of CoNS to penicillin, gentamicin, moxifloxacin, clindamycin and rifampicin in HSCT group were higher than those in N-HSCT Group. The resistance rate of Escherichia coli to piperacillin/tazobactam, cephalosporins and etapenem in HSCT group was significantly higher than that in N-HSCT group. Conclusions The pathogens of blood stream infection in hematology patients are complicated and various. It is difficult for clinical diagnosis and treatment to detect multiple infections and multiple pathogens. HSCT patients have a higher risk of fungal bloodstream infection and more multi-drug resistant strains detected. Therefore, the identification of bloodstream infection and multi-drug resistant strains associated with HSCT patients should prompt surveillance.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1173-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976491

ABSTRACT

AIM: To detect the expression of interleukin(IL)-36(α, β, γ)in tears of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), investigate its correlation with ocular surface microenvironment, and further analyze the relationship between its expression and ocular graft-versus-host disease(oGVHD).METHODS: Prospective study. A total of 35 patients(70 eyes)underwent allo-HSCT in the hematology department of our hospital in January 2020 were selected, and 35 healthy volunteers(70 eyes)with appropriate age and gender were selected as normal control group. The patients in the allo-HSCT group were followed up 3 times after operation once every 3mo. The subjects with postoperative ocular symptoms were divided into oGVHD and Non-oGVHD group.Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)questionnaire, Schirmer test, tear break-up time(TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining(FL), and conjunctival impression cytology(CIC)was conducted in three groups. Furthermore, the expression levels of IL-36(α,β,γ)in tears were detected by ELISA.RESULTS: In the normal control group, IL-36(α, β, γ)expression levels were 74.32±5.27, 70.02±8.43, 97.41±8.66 pg/mL, respectively; in the allo-HSCT group, IL-36(α, β, γ)baseline expression levels were 77.27±7.03, 74.53±7.53, 100.77±9.74 pg/mL, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups(t=1.648, 1.954, 1.262, all P&#x003E;0.05). There were no significant differences in IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ in Non-oGVHD group at different time points(P&#x003E;0.05), while there were significant differences in IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ in oGVHD group at different time points(P&#x003C;0.05). Compared with Non-oGVHD group, the levels of IL-36α and IL-36β at different time points were significantly increased in oGVHD group(all P&#x003C;0.05).IL-36(α, β, γ)of oGVHD group was positively correlated with OSDI score, FL and CIC, while it was negatively correlated with TBUT and Schirmer test(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Evaluation of levels of tear IL-36(α, β, γ)can be of significance in diagnosing oGVHD after allo-HSCT. IL-36(α, β, γ)is highly expressed in the tears of oGVHD patients before the onset of ocular symptoms, and it is correlated with the ocular surface parameters.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 442-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972936

ABSTRACT

Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a severe bone marrow failure syndrome caused by multiple causes, which is clinically manifested with severe anemia, infection and bleeding. The complex pathogenesis of SAA has not been fully understood. SAA is characterized with acute onset, severe disease condition and rapid progression. At present, with the in-depth study of SAA and the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the therapeutic strategy for SAA has been evolved from classical immunosuppressive therapy based on antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine to the application of thrombopoietin receptor agonist and combined treatment based on allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which may promote the reconstruction of hematopoietic function of SAA patients to varying degree and significantly improve survival and clinical prognosis, becoming the research hotspot of SAA treatment. In this article, new advances in the treatment of SAA at home and abroad were reviewed.

18.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 364-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972926

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a group of highly-heterogeneous clonal diseases. Chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are considered as effective treatment for AML. For high-risk AML patients, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an effective therapeutic option. However, some AML patients may still face the problem of disease recurrence after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A majority of recurrent patients cannot be effectively treated by chemotherapy or secondary transplantation, which is the main cause of death after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Therefore, it is of significance to strengthen follow-up of AML patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and implement appropriate measures to prevent postoperative recurrence. In this article, the monitoring, drug prevention and cell therapy of recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in high-risk AML patients were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for improving clinical prognosis of high-risk AML patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 327-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972921

ABSTRACT

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is the main complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which is also the major cause of non-relapse -related death. Due to its complex pathophysiological process, the response rate of conventional glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressants is less than 50%. Second-line therapy should be given for patients with glucocorticoid-resistant cGVHD. Nevertheless, no consensus has been reached on current second-line therapy and the therapeutic effect is relatively poor. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is one of the most common adult stem cells. Due to multi-dimensional and multi-target immune regulating function, MSC has been widely applied in the prevention and treatment of cGVHD. In addition, accumulated studies have confirmed the safety and efficacy of MSC in the treatment of cGVHD, which is expected to become a novel strategy for the prevention and management of cGVHD. In this article, research progress, mechanism and existing problems of prevention and treatment of cGVHD by MSC were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for optimizing therapeutic regimens of MSC and enhancing the prevention and treatment effect of cGVHD in subsequent research.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 916-921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982151

ABSTRACT

Prolonged thrombocytopenia (PT) is a common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), with an incidence of about 5%-37%, which is closely related to the poor prognosis of patients. Previous studies have shown that transplantation type, CD34+ cell number, pretreatment regimen, acute graft-versus-host disease, virus infection, pre-transplantation serum ferritin level and donor specific antibodies can affect platelet implantation after transplantation. Identifying the risk factors of PT is helpful to early identify high-risk patients and take targeted preventive measures according to different risk factors to reduce the incidence of PT, reduce the risk of bleeding and improve the prognosis of patients. This article reviews the latest research progress of risk factors and intervention measures related to PT after allo-HSCT, in order to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of PT after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects , Thrombocytopenia/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Risk Factors , Graft vs Host Disease/complications , Retrospective Studies
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