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1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e05992020, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155526

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the role of genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (AMEs) and 16S rRNA methylase (ArmA) in Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates. METHODS: We collected 100 clinical isolates of A. baumannii and identified and confirmed them using microbiological tests and assessment of the OXA-51 gene. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out using disk agar diffusion and micro-broth dilution methods. The presence of AME genes and ArmA was detected by PCR and multiplex PCR. RESULTS: The most and least effective antibiotics in this study were netilmicin and ciprofloxacin with 68% and 100% resistance rates, respectively. According to the minimum inhibitory concentration test, 94% of the isolates were resistant to gentamicin, tobramycin, and streptomycin, while the highest susceptibility (20%) was observed against netilmicin. The proportion of strains harboring the aminoglycoside resistance genes was as follows: APH(3′)-VIa (aphA6) (77%), ANT(2")-Ia (aadB) (73%), ANT(3")-Ia (aadA1) (33%), AAC(6′)-Ib (aacA4) (33%), ArmA (22%), and AAC(3)-IIa (aacC2) (19%). Among the 22 gene profiles detected in this study, the most prevalent profiles included APH(3′)-VIa + ANT(2")-Ia (39 isolates, 100% of which were kanamycin-resistant), and AAC(3)-IIa + AAC(6′)-Ib + ANT(3")-Ia + APH(3′)-VIa + ANT(2")-Ia (14 isolates, all of which were resistant to gentamicin, kanamycin, and streptomycin). CONCLUSIONS: High minimum inhibitory concentration of aminoglycosides in isolates with the simultaneous presence of AME- and ArmA-encoding genes indicated the importance of these genes in resistance to aminoglycosides. However, control of their spread could be effective in the treatment of infections caused by A. baumannii.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii/genetics , Bacterial Proteins , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Aminoglycosides/pharmacology , Methyltransferases , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190044, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057279

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii are opportunistic bacteria, highly capable of acquiring antimicrobial resistance through the production of carbapenemases and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes (AMEs). METHODS: Carbapenemase and AME genes were investigated in A. baumannii recovered from inpatients of a Brazilian hospital. RESULTS: The key genes found were bla OXA-51-like, the association ISAba1- bla OXA-23-like, and the AME genes aph(3´)-VI, aac(6´)-Ib, aac(3)-Ia, and aph(3´)-Ia. Different clusters spread through the institution wards. CONCLUSIONS: The dissemination of bla OXA-23-like and AME-carrying A. baumannii through the hospital highlights the need for improved preventive measures to reduce the spread of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Acinetobacter Infections/microbiology , Acinetobacter baumannii/enzymology , Aminoglycosides/genetics , Brazil , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolation & purification , Acinetobacter baumannii/drug effects , Tertiary Care Centers , Intensive Care Units , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180460, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041512

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to characterize genes of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes (AMEs) in colonizing and infecting isolates of E. aerogenes harboring bla KPC from patients at a public hospital in Recife-PE, Brazil. METHODS: We analyzed 29 E. aerogenes clinical isolates resistant to aminoglycosides. AMEs genes were investigated by PCR and sequencing. RESULTS: Colonizing and infecting isolates mainly presented the genetic profiles aac(3)-IIa/aph(3')-VI or ant(2")-IIa/aph(3')-VI. This is the first report of aph(3')-VI in E. aerogenes harboring bla KPC in Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the importance in establishing rigorous methods for the surveillance of resistance genes, especially in colonized patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterobacter aerogenes/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Aminoglycosides/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Phenotype , Brazil , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Enterobacter aerogenes/isolation & purification
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(4): 1455-1458, Oct.-Dec. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741300

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of genes encoding resistance to aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones among twenty-five Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated between 2002 and 2009. In PCR, following genes were detected: ant(2")-Ia in 9 (36.0%), aac(6')-Ib in 7 (28.0%), qnrB in 5 (20.0%), aph(3")-Ib in 2 (8.0%) of isolates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aminoglycosides/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Fluoroquinolones/pharmacology , Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects , Genes, Bacterial , Genotype , Hospitals, University , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Poland/epidemiology , Pseudomonas Infections/epidemiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597967

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence of 16S rRNA methylase genes, aminoglycoside modifying enzymes (AMEs) genes and small multidrug resistance efflux pump gene smr-2 in Klebsiella pneumoniae. MethodsTotally 138 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital, college of medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2007 to December 2009. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing were performed to screen the presence of six 16S rRNA methylase genes ( rmtA, rmtB, rmtC, rmtD, armA and npmA), seven AMEs genes[aac ( 3 )- Ⅰ , aac ( 3 )- Ⅱ,aac(6′)- Ⅰ b, aac(6′)-Ⅱ, ant(2″)- Ⅰ , ant(3″)- Ⅰ , aph(3′)-Ⅵa]and small multidrug resistance efflux pumps gene (smr-2).Results Thirteen (9. 4%) isolates were found to carry rmtB gene, whereas 87 (63.0%) isolates were found to carry at least one kind of AMEs genes but no smr-2 was detected. The positive rates of aac(3)-Ⅱ, aac(6′)- Ⅰ b, ant (3″)- Ⅰ and ant(2″)- Ⅰ were 40.6% (56/138), 31.9% (44/138), 28.3% (39/138) and 2.2% (3/138), respectively. All strains harboring rmtB gene carried one to three AMEs genes. Among 44 aac(6′)- Ⅰ b positive strains, 37 (84. 1% ) were confirmed to carryaac(6′)- Ⅰ b-cr. ConclusionFor Klebsiella pneumoniae, rmtB is the predominant subtype in 16S rRNA methylase genes, accompanying with several AMEs genes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408008

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes (AMEs)genes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP) isolates in our hospital, with an attempt to provide evidence for rational clinical antibiotics use. Mothods A total of 42 strains of ESBL-KP were isolated from January 2007 to January 2008 in our hospital The expressions of 9 AMEs including aac (3)-Ⅰ , aac (3)-Ⅱ , aac (3)-l, aac (3)-Ⅳ, aac (6')- Ⅰ , aac (6')-Ⅰ, apb (3')-Ⅵ, ant (3")-Ⅰ, and ant (2") -Ⅰ were identified by polymerase chain reaction. Results The positive rates of aac (3) - Ⅱ, ant (3") - Ⅰ ,aac (6') - Ⅰ , apb (3') -Ⅵ, and aac (3) - Ⅰ were 85. 7%, 59. 5%, 21.4% , 9. 5%, and 7. 1% , respectively. All the other genotypes were negative. The positive rate of AMEs reached 90. 5% (38 of 42). Conclusions The expression rates of AMEs genes are high among ESBL-KP isolates in our hospital. The aminoglycoside resistance may be relevant with AMEs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study 39 kinds of resistant-related genes in a pan-resistant Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp xylosoxidans(AXXxx) in the sputum isolated from a severe hepatitis B patient.METHODS The susceptibility to antimicrobial agents were detected by MIC.16S rRNA and 39 resistant-related genes including 29 ?-lactamases genes,6 aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes(AMEs)genes,1 chlorhexidine-sulfadiazine resistant gene(qacE△1-sul1)and 3 intergron genes separated(intⅠ1,2,3) an AXXxx strain in the sputum of a severe hepatitis B patient were measured by PCR,and verified by DNA sequencing.RESULTS Among the strains,7 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM-116,blaCARB-8,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ,qacE△1-sul1,and intI1)detected out.But other 27 kinds of ?-lactamases genes,3 kinds of AMEs(aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅰ,ant(2″)-Ⅰ) genes,and 2 kinds of intⅠ(intⅠ2 and intⅠ3) genes were negative.CONCLUSIONS The pan-resistant A.xylosoxidans,mainly relates to 7 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM-116,blaCARB-8,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ,qacE△1-sul1,and intⅠ1).

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study 40 kinds of resistant-related genes in a pan-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.METHODS To detect the susceptibility of antimicrobial agents by MIC,40 resistant-related genes including 29 ?-lactamases genes,porin oprD2 genes,6 aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes(AMEs)genes,chlorhexidine/sulfadiazine resistant gene(qacE△1-sul1)and intergron(intⅠ1,2,3),etc,form 1 strain of P.aeruginosa were measured by PCR,and verified by DNA sequencing.RESULTS In the strain,there were positive of 6 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM,blaOXA10,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,qacE△1-sul1 and intⅠ1),but without oprD2 genes.Twenty-seven kinds of ?-lactamases genes,4 kinds of AMEs(aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅰ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ),and 2 kinds of intⅠ(intⅠ2 and intⅠ3) were negative.CONCLUSIONS The multi-resistant mechanisms of pan-resistant P.aeruginosa are mainly related to 7 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM,blaOXA10,oprD2,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,qacE△1-sul1 and intⅠ1).

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study 39 kinds of resistant-related genes in a pan-resistant Burkholderia cenocepacia(BCE) strain,in the sputum from a severe hepatitis B patient.METHODS To detect the susceptibility to antimicrobial agents by MIC,16S rRNA,39 resistant-related genes including 29 ?-lactamases genes,6 aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes(AMEs) genes,chlorhexidine/sulfadiazine resistant gene(qacE△1-sul1),integron(intⅠ1,2,3),et al,of 1 strain of BCE in the sputum from a severe hepatitis B patient,were measured by PCR,and verified by DNA sequencing.RESULTS The strain was BCE conformed by 16S rRNA-PCR-DNA sequencing.It was susceptible to ceftazidime,cefepime,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole,but resistant to piperacillin,aztreonam,cefotaxime,cefoxitin,meropenem,imipenem,nitrofurantoin,gentamicin and amikacin.There were positive of 6 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM-116,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅰ,ant(2″)-Ⅰ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ,and intⅠ1),28 kinds of ?-lactamases genes,2 kinds of AMEs genes(aac(6′)-Ⅱ and aac(3)-Ⅱ),2 kinds genes of intⅠ(intⅠ2 and intⅠ3) were negative.CONCLUSIONS The multi-resistant BCE is with its multiple resistant mechanisms,and mainly relates to 6 kinds of resistant-related genes(blaTEM-116,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅰ,ant(2″)-Ⅰ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and intⅠ1.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study 6 kinds of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (AMEs) genes in Chryseobacterium spp isolates. METHODS The isolates were identified by API20NE Gram-negative identification cards,and the susceptibility of antimicrobial agents was detected by MIC kits ( bioM?rieux ) 6 AMEs genes of 2 strains of Chryseobacterium spp were measured by PCR,and verified by DNA sequencing and sequence analysis. RESULTS In the 2 strains,2 kinds of resistant genes [aac(6′)-Ⅱ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ] were positive,and 4 kinds genes of AMEs [aac (6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and aac(3)-Ⅰ] were negative.The amplicons were purified,sequenced and analyzed with BLAST 2.0 and found to be identical to aac(6′)-Ⅱ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ. CONCLUSIONS There are AMEs in Chryseobacterium spp isolates. This is the first report on AMEs genes [coexistance of aac(6′)-Ⅱ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ] in Chryseobacterium spp.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the genotypes of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes(AMEs)genes of Acinetobacter baumannii.METHODS Clinical isolates of A.baumannii were collected from 2003 to 2006,and their resistance to gentamicin,amikacin and tobramycin were tested by K-B method.Twenty-three isolates were chosen because of their resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics(at least resistant to one kind of the drugs).Nine types of the AMEs were detected by PCR.RESULTS Drug resistant rates of 23 isolates of A.baumannii to gentamicin,amikacin and tobramycin,were 86.96%,56.5% and 69.56%,respectively.The detection rates of the 9 AMEs,including ant(3')-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅰ、aac(6')-Ⅰ,aph(3')-Ⅵ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6')-Ⅱ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ were 69.56%,60.87%,56.52%,47.82%,30.4%,26.09% and 21.73%,respectively.CONCLUSIONS The resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics of A.baumannii is mainly caused by AMEs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the antibiotic resistance of multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii(ABA) and distribution of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes and 16S rRNA methylase genes in ICU in Yinzhou People′s Hospital in Ningbo. METHODS The samples of 20 ABA isolates were collected from Oct 2007 to Jul 2008 in ICU.K-B method was used to determine the sensitivity to 32 antibacterials and the aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes and 16S rRNA methylase genes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction(PCR). RESULTS From 20 ABA isolates,8 strains carried aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes genes aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,and ant(3″)-Ⅰ,their positive rate was 10%,15%,30% and 25%,respectively;no strain carried 16S rRNA methylase genes. CONCLUSIONS The antibiotics resistance of A.baumannii is very serious in Yinzhou People′s Hospital in Ningbo.Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes genes aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6′)-Ⅰb and ant(3″)-Ⅰ exist in multi-resistant A.baumannii widely.They would be the main causes of high drug-resistantce to aminoglycosides.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 369-373, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the 16S rRNA methylase genes and Aminoglycoside modifying enzymes(AMEs)genes in Enterobacter cloacae isolated from the People's Liberation Army 98th Hospital,Huzhou district,Zhejiang province,China.Methods 40 strains of Enterobacter cloacae were isolated from the inpatients between September,2003 and November,2004.5 kinds of 16S rRNA methylase gene (including armA,rmtA,rmtB,rmtC and rmtD)and 9 kinds of AMEs gene[including aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(3)-Ⅲ,aac(3)-Ⅳ,aac(6')-Ⅰ b,aac(6')-Ⅱ,ant(3'')-Ⅰ,ant(2'')-Ⅰ and aph(3')-Ⅵ]were analyzed by PCR and verificated by DNA sequencing.Results In 40 strains of Enterobacter cloacae,the positive rates of genes of rmtB,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6')-Ⅰ b,ant(3'')-Ⅰ,ant(2'')-Ⅰ and aph(3')-Ⅵ were 12.5%(5/40),27.5%(11/40),72.5%(29/40),32.5%(13/40),5.0%(2/40)and 5.0%(2/40),respectively.8 kinds of the rest of genes were all tested negative.The total positive rate of AMEs gene was 85.0%(34/40).Among 29 strains of Enterobacter cloacae that the aac(6')-Ⅰ b gene was positive,through PCR and verification by DNA sequencing,7 strains(24.1%)were confirmed to take the aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr(the GenBank register number:EF375620,EU159121)alone,18 strains(62.1%)were confirmed to take the aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou(EU085533)alone,3 strains(10.3%)were confirmed to take both aac (6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou and aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr while only 1(3.4%)was aac(6')-Ⅰ b(the classical type).Conclusion There was lower positive rate of 16S rRNA methylase gene but very high AMEs genotypes in Enterobacter cloacae isolated from inpatients and the finding of rmtB gene was reported for the first time in the world.At least 5 kinds of AMEs gene existed in Enterobacter cloacae were isolated and they were the new host of both gene of aac(6')-Ⅰ b-cr and aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou,with aac(6')-Ⅰ b-Suzhou gene was the predominance subtype in aac(6')-Ⅰ b.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genotyping of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes on Pan-drug resistant A..baumannii(PDRA)isolated.Methods The antibiotic susceptibility of 16 different antibiotics of A.baumannii were tested by K-B method,aminoglycoside modifying enzymes coding genes of A.baumannii were detected by PCR.Results The detection rates of OXA-23group were 41.8%and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes coding genes of aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(6')-Ⅰand ant(3″)-Ⅰ were 64.1%,64.1% and 74.4%.Conclusions The study showed that it is more serious for PDRA carrying aminoglycoside modifying enzymes coding genes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562621

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate drug resistance,especially the resistance to aminoglycoside and the prevalence of the genes for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in Escherichia coli producing ESBLs.Methods VITEK-32 GNI+ cards and K-B methods were used to identify E.coli and detect the resistance to 18 kinds of antibiotics such as aminoglycoside and ?-lactams respectively in E.coli isolated from our hospital from January to December,2006.PCR method was used to detect the genes for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes such as aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6')-Ⅰb,aac(6')-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ in those 17 strains producing ESBLs.Results Resistance rates were 100.0%,100.0%,41.6%,100.0%,69.5%,30.5%,98.2%,81.0%,81.0%,79.6%,79.2%,34.8%,15.4%,7.1%,7.9%,5.4% and 81.0% for ampicillin,ampicillin/sulbactam,aztreonam,cefazolin,cefepime,ceftazidime,ceftriaxone,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,gentamicin,tobramycin,amikacin,cifoxitin,nitrofurantoin,piperacillin/tazobactam,cefoperazone/sulbactam and co-trimoxazole respectively in E.coli producing ESBLs.No drug-resistant strain imepenem was found.Positive rate was 46.4% for ESBLs.Resistance rates were 52.9%(9/17),100.0%(17/17) and 100%(17/17) for amikacin,gentamycin and tobmycin respectively in those 17 strains producing ESBLs.The most genotype for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes was aac(3)-Ⅱ(94.1%),the second was aac(6')-Ⅰb(35.3%).The positive rates of aac(3″)-Ⅰ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ were 11.8% and 5.9% respectively.of them,one strain was resistant to aminoglycoside on phenotype,but no genes mentioned above was detected.4strains were classical on genotype,one with aac(6')-Ⅰb-Cr,the other one with a new subtype among the 6 strains of E.coli with aac(6')-Ⅰb.Conclusions Drug resistance in E.coli is rather serious.Typically,E.coli producing ESBLs shows multi-drug resistance.Positive rate for aac(3)-Ⅱ takes the first place,followed by aac(6')-Ⅰb among the genes for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes.Aac(3″)-Ⅰand ant(2″)-Ⅰ show both lower positive rates.Aac(3)-Ⅰ and aac(6')-Ⅱ were not found.There exist at least 3 sub-types of aac(6')-Ⅰb,one kind of gene for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in strains of E.coli.Among those sub-types,the classical type is the main,accompanied by aac(6')-Ⅰb-Cr and its new sub-type.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the genotyping of ?-lactamases and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes on Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in Shaoxing. METHODS Thirty nine strains of A.baumannii were isolated from hospitalized patients,and drug-resistant genes were detected by PCR. RESULTS The detection rates of ?-lactamases coding genes of TEM and OXA-23 groups were 33.3% and 51.3%,The detection rates of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes coding genes of aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(6′)-Ⅰ and ant(3″)-Ⅰ were 64.1%,64.1% and 74.4%,respectively.The others were not found in all 39 isolates tested. CONCLUSIONS The study showed that it is more serious for A.baumannii carrying ?-lactamases and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes coding genes in Shaoxing.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591898

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of aac(6′)-Ⅰb with its subtypes,one kind of gene for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in Escherichia coli.METHODS DNA sequences were analyzed in those strains with aac(6′)-Ⅰb,compared to its family marked in NCBI.Thus,its subtypes were determined.RESULTS Four strains were classical on genotype,the other one with aac(6′)-Ⅰb-Cr,and the last one with a new subtype among the 6 strains of E.coli with aac(6′)-Ⅰb.CONCLUSIONS There exist at least 3 subtypes of aac(6′)-Ⅰb,one kind of gene for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in local strains of E.coli.Among those subtypes,the classical type is the main,accompanied by aac(6′)-Ⅰb-Cr and its new subtype.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the aminoglycoside modifying enzymes genes of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii(MDR-ABA).METHODS The four kinds aminoglycoside modifying enzymes genes(aac(6′)-Ⅰad,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(3)-Ⅰ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ) of 20 strains MDR-ABA were detected by PCR.RESULTS Among 20 MDR-ABA strains,12 strains of aac(3)-Ⅰ,15 strains of aac(6′)-Ⅰb,18 strains of ant(3″)-Ⅰwere positive,and aac(6′)-Ⅰad was negative.The new subtype aac(6′)-Ⅰad gene has not been found.CONCLUSIONS Twenty strains MDR-ABA aminoglycoside modifying enzymes genes are found in all the 20 MDR-ABA strains.The genotype is in accordance with antibiotics resistance.It can induce clone transmitting hospital infection.It is first time to study the aac(6′)-Ⅰad gene of A.baumannii in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the drug-resistance and the existence of genes in 16S rRNA methylases and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes in strains continuously isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa(PAE) in two hospitals of Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces.METHODS The drug-resistance of the strains continuously isolated from PAE was detected with K-B test,five kinds of genes in 16S rRNA methylases(rmtA,rmtB,rmtC,rmtD and armA) and six kinds of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes [aac(3)-Ⅰ,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ] were detected by PCR.RESULTS The strains were just sensitive to cefoperazone/sulbactam,imipenem,meropenem and amikacin(hospital A:74.2%,80.0%,82.9% and 68.5%;hospital B:90.0%,50.0%,50.0% and 95.0%,respectively).There was a high rate in the drug-resistance to ?-lactamase medicines,ciprofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole co.Genes in 16S rRNA methylases were not detected from PAE strains in the two hospitals.CONCLUSIONS The rates of genes in aminoglycoside modifying enzymes detected from strains in continuously isolated from PAE are different in different hospitals.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the distribution of 16S rRNA methylase and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes in continuous isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(PAE).METHODS The antibiotics susceptibility was tested by K-B method,the 16S rRNA methylase(rmtB) and aminoglycoside modifying enzymes were detected by polymerase chain reaction(PCR),the positive genes were amplified and sequenced by PCR fluorescence spectrophotometry.RESULTS Among 20 strains of PAE,the 16S rRNA methylase and 5 kinds of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes had been detected.The 5 kinds of aminoglycoside modifying enzymes were aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6′)-Ⅰb,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,ant(3″)-Ⅰ and ant(2″)-Ⅰ,respectively.And more,the rmtB in the first and third strains was sequenced,and translated into amino acid,and the translated amino acid sequence was compared with GenBank,suggesting there be different amino acid sequence.This was confirmed as two new subtypes.CONCLUSIONS Resistant to antibiotics PAE in our hospital is mainly related to 16S rRNA methylase and 5 aminoglycoside modifying enzymes,and 2 new subtypes of 16S rRNA methylase are discovered.

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