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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 287-292, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364979

ABSTRACT

Abstract Takayasu's arteritis is a type of primary systemic vasculitis that affects medium and large arteries, including the aorta and its main branches, as well as the pulmonary and coronary arteries. Although rare in children, it is the third most common vasculitis in the pediatric population, often with delayed diagnosis due to the nonspecific presentation of clinical symptoms in its initial phase. This is a case of a 16-year-old girl with a giant ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, who needed surgery on an emergency basis. The etiological aspects involved in aneurysms in young patients are also addressed.

2.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 75-79, mar. 2022. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362712

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas de las arterias coronarias (AAC) son poco comunes, con una incidencia de 0.3-5.3%. Se definen como una dilatación 1.5 veces mayor al diámetro interno de la arteria normal adyacente. La arteria coronaria derecha es la más comúnmente afectada. Su fisiopatología es poco clara, pero se cree que una de sus principales causas es la aterosclerosis. Los AAC son generalmente asintomáticos o pueden estar asociados a isquemia miocárdica. Su tratamiento aún no está bien establecido, debido al desconocimiento general sobre su historia natural, e incluye desde un manejo conservador hasta el tratamiento quirúrgico. A continuación, se reporta el caso de un paciente con infarto agudo de miocardio y elevación del segmento ST, llevado a coronariografía que evidenció aneurisma de la coronaria derecha, que requirió trombectomía, angioplastia y manejo médico vitalicio ambulatorio.


Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are a rare entity with an incidence of 0.3-5.3%. They are dilations of 1.5 times larger than normal adjacent artery, with the right coronary artery as the most affected vessel. Its pathophysiology is unclear but atherosclerosis is believed to be the main cause. CAA are generally asymptomatic but can cause coronary ischemia. Its treatment is yet to be established due to general ignorance about its nature. It ranges from conservative management to surgery. In the following text, we report a case of a patient with acute myocardial infarction presenting ST-segment elevation, who showed a right coronary artery aneurysm in coronary angiography. The patient required thrombectomy, angioplasty and subsequent lifetime outpatient medical management.


Os aneurismas das artérias coronárias (AAC) são pouco comuns, com uma incidência de 0.3-5.3%. Se definem como uma dilatação 1.5 vezes maior ao diâmetro interno da artéria normal adjacente. A artéria coronária direita é a mais comumente afetada. Sua fisiopatologia é pouco clara, mas se crê que uma das suas principais causas é a aterosclerose. Os AAC são geralmente assintomáticos ou podem estar associados a isquemia miocárdica. Seu tratamento ainda não está bem estabelecido, devido ao desconhecimento geral sobre sua história natural, e inclui desde um manejo conservador até o tratamento cirúrgico. A continuação, se reporta o caso de um paciente com infarto agudo de miocárdio e elevação do segmento ST, levado a coronariografia que evidenciou aneurisma da coronária direita, que requereu trombectomia, angioplastia e manejo médico vitalício ambulatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm , Coronary Angiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Angioplasty , Coronary Vessels , Myocardial Infarction
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 29-34, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In this study, we aimed to retrospectively evaluate the results of type A intramural hematoma (TA-IMH) cases that underwent ascending aortic surgery. Methods: One hundred ninety-four patients who underwent aortic surgery between 2010 and 2018 were included in this study. TA-IMH was differentiated according to tomography angiographic images. Demographic data, operation type, hypothermic circulatory arrest times, echocardiographic findings, wall thickness of IMH, complications, and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: TA-IMH (n=14) or type A aortic dissection (AD) (n=35) data were collected from patients' files and 49 cases were enrolled into the study. Bentall operation was performed in eight patients (type A AD = six [17.1%], TA-IMH = two [14.3%]); 41 patients underwent tubular graft interposition of ascending aorta (AD = 29 [82.9%], TA-IMH = 12 [85.7%]). There was no significant difference in terms of age, gender distribution, aortic dimensions, cardiopulmonary bypass times, hypothermic circulatory arrest times, hospital ward stay, and intensive care unit stay between the two groups. The mortality rate of AD group was 34.4% and of TA-IMH group was 14.3%. There was no significant difference in terms of mortality between the groups. In our study, 45.7% of patients had hypertension and that rate was lower than the one found in the literature. In addition, bicuspid aorta was not observed in both groups. Connective tissue disease was not detected in any group. Conclusion: Surgical treatment of aorta is beneficial for TA-IMH. Our aortic surgical indications comply with the European aortic surgical guidelines. Hypertension control should be provided aggressively.

4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6724, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364793

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Despite the development of endovascular procedures, open repair remains the gold standard for the treatment of aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms and some type B dissections, with well-established good outcomes and long-term durability at high-volume centers. The present study described and analyzed public data from patients treated in the public system in a 12-year interval, in a city where more than 5 million inhabitants depend on the Public Health System. Methods Public data from procedures performed between 2008 and 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques. The variables available in the database include sex, age, elective or emergency hospital admission, number of surgeries, in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and information on reimbursement values. Results A total of 556 procedures were analyzed. Of these, 60.79% patients were men, and 41.18% were 65 years of age or older. Approximately 60% had a residential address registered in the municipality. Of all surgeries, 65.83% were elective cases. There were 178 in-hospital deaths (mortality of 32%). In the elective context, there were 98 deaths 26.78% versus 80 deaths (42.10%) in the emergency context (p=0.174). Mortality was lower in the hospitals that performed more surgeries. A total of USD 3,038,753.92 was paid, an average of USD 5,406.95 for elective surgery and USD 5,074.76 for emergency surgery (p=0.536). Conclusion Mortality was no different between groups, and hospitals with higher volume presented more favorable outcomes. Specialized referral centers should be considered by health policy makers.

5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6484, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We describe the case of a female patient with calcification in renal topography, initially diagnosed as lithiasis in the left kidney, and later attributed to calcification of intrarenal vascular aneurysm. Next, we discuss the relevance of considering such an entity in the differential diagnoses of intrarenal calcifications before choosing any form of specific interventional treatment.

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 448-460, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364325

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos Uma metodologia para identificação de pacientes portadores de aneurisma de aorta ascendente (AAAs) sob alto risco de remodelamento aórtico não está completamente definida. Objetivo Esta pesquisa objetiva caracterizar numericamente o fluxo sanguíneo aórtico, relacionando a distribuição do estresse mecânico resultante com o crescimento de AAAs. Métodos Estudo analítico, observacional, unicêntrico, em que um protocolo de fluidodinâmica computacional (CFD - Computacional Fluid Dynamics) foi aplicado a imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada (ATC) de aorta de pacientes portadores de AAAs. Duas ATC de aorta com pelo menos um ano de intervalo foram obtidas. Dados clínicos dos pacientes foram registrados e, a partir das imagens de ATC, foram gerados modelos tridimensionais. Foram realizados estudos do campo de velocidade e estruturas coerentes (vórtices) com o objetivo de relacioná-los ao crescimento ou não do aneurisma e, posteriormente, compará-los com os dados clínicos dos pacientes. O teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov foi utilizado para avaliar a normalidade da amostra e o teste não-paramétrico Wilcoxon signed-rank foi aplicado para comparações de dados pareados entre os ângulos aórticos. A significância estatística foi fixada em 5%. Resultados Para o grupo que apresentou crescimento do aneurisma, a incidência do jato na parede aórtica gerou áreas de recirculação posterior ao jato, induzindo à formação de vórtices complexos, ocasionando um incremento na pressão média no endotélio aórtico. O grupo sem crescimento do aneurisma apresentou diminuição na pressão média. Conclusão Este estudo piloto mostrou que a CFD baseada em ATC pode, em um futuro próximo, ser uma ferramenta auxiliar na identificação dos padrões de fluxo associados ao processo de remodelamento de AAAs.


Abstract Background A methodology to identify patients with ascending aortic aneurysm (AsAA) under high risk for aortic growth is not completely defined Objetive This research seeks to numerically characterize the aortic blood flow by relating the resulting mechanical stress distribution with AsAA growth. Methods Analytical, observational, single-center study in which a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) protocol was applied to aortic computed tomography angiogram (CTA) images of patients with AsAA. Two CTA exams taken at a minimum interval of one year were obtained. From the CTA-gathered images, three-dimensional models were built, and clinical data were registered. Study of velocity field and coherent structures (vortices) was performed aiming to relate them to the presence or absence of aneurysm growth, as well as comparing them to the patients' clinical data. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate the normality of the distribution, and the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test, for non-normal distribution, was used to compare the paired data of the aortic angles. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results The incident jet in the aortic wall generated recirculation areas in the posterior region of the jet, inducing complex vortices formation in the group with aneurysm growth, leading to an average pressure increase in the ascending aortic wall between exams. In the group without aneurysm growth, the average pressure decreased. Conclusion This pilot study showed that CFD based on CTA may in the near future be a tool to help identify flow patterns associated with AsAA remodeling process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Hydrodynamics , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Hemodynamics/physiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913006

ABSTRACT

@#Patients with bicuspid aortic valve are often complicated with aortic dilatation. If the aortic valve is of good quality, aortic root replacement with aortic valve preservation is feasible. A 35-year-old male patient with bicuspid aortic regurgitation complicated with ascending aortic aneurysm underwent Remodeling+Ring (modified Yacoub) operation. Echocardiography showed that there was no aortic regurgitation on the 3rd day after operation, and the patient was discharged satisfactorily on the 6th day after operation. Remodeling+Ring surgery ensures the physiological movement of the aortic valve, solves the enlarged annulus, avoids the problems caused by valve replacement, and significantly improves the quality of life of patients, which is worth popularizing.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912998

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the clinical value of in vitro fenestration and branch stent repair in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in visceral artery area assisted by 3D printing. Methods    The clinical data of 7 patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm involving visceral artery at the Department of Vascular Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from March 2016 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 5 males and 2 females with an average age of 70.2±3.9 years. Among them 4 patients had near-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm, 3 had thoracic aortic aneurysm, 4 had asymptomatic aneurysm, 2 had acute symptomatic aneurysm and 1 had threatened rupture of aneurysm. According to the preoperative CT measurement and 3D printing model, fenestration technique was used with Cook Zenith thoracic aortic stents, and branch stents were sewed on the main stents in vitro, and then the stents were modified by beam diameter technique for intracavitary treatment. Results    All the 7 patients completed the operation successfully, and a total of 18 branch arteries were reconstructed. The success rate of surgical instrument release was 100.0%. The average operation time was 267.0±38.5 min, the average intraoperative blood loss was 361.0±87.4 mL and the average hospital stay was 16.0±4.2 d. Immediate intraoperative angiography showed that the aneurysms were isolated, and the visceral arteries were unobstructed. Till May 2019, there was no death, stent displacement, stent occlusion, ruptured aneurysm or loss of visceral artery branches. Conclusion    3D printing technology can completely copy the shape of human artery, intuitively present the anatomical structure and position of each branch of the artery, so that the fenestration technique is more accurate and the treatment scheme is more optimized.

10.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 374-379, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362107

ABSTRACT

Objective To report three cases of vein of Galen aneurysmalmalformation (VGAM) in pediatric patients treated at the hemodynamics lab of Hospital Santa Isabel (HSI) in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from 2006 to 2020. Clinical presentation, endovascular treatment, and postprocedure evolution to date are included. Case description Three children aged 5 to 12 months with cardiac, respiratory, or neurological damage in the neonatal stage, were referred to the neurosurgery service and diagnosed with VGAM. The three patients underwent endovascular embolization of themalformation, with different clinical evolution throughout outpatient follow-up. Conclusion Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are uncommon vascular abnormalities that, until the advent of endovascular embolization, were associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Its prognosis is linked with initial clinic, early diagnosis, and timely surgical correction.

11.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 487-491, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356960

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pseudoaneurismas de la arteria humeral son infrecuentes, pero pueden asociarse a complicaciones de alta morbilidad como la isquemia de miembro superior. Comunicamos un caso de pseudoaneurisma humeral en el pliegue del codo, que se presentó como tumor pulsátil con leve disminución de la temperatura y parestesias en la mano homolateral de un año de evolución, debido a una punción arterial inadvertida durante la venopunción para extracción de sangre. Se trató con éxito mediante resección quirúrgica más reconstrucción vascular con bypass húmero-cubital y bypass húmero-radial ambos con vena safena. Se discuten las diversas opciones terapéuticas disponibles para los pseudoaneurismas humerales considerando las características anatómicas y la sintomatología del paciente.


ABSTRACT Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are rare but can be associated with severe complications as ischemia of the upper extremity. We report a case of a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm in the crease of the elbow presenting as a pulsating mass with progressive growth over the past year. The ipsilateral hand was sightly cold and presented paresthesia. The lesion was due to inadvertent arterial puncture during venipuncture. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction with a brachial to ulnar artery bypass and brachial to radial artery bypass with saphenous vein graft. The different therapeutic options available for brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are discussed, considering the anatomic characteristics and patients' symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Ischemia , Paresthesia , Saphenous Vein , Therapeutics , Brachial Artery , Ulnar Artery , Phlebotomy , Upper Extremity , Iatrogenic Disease
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367772

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) es una vasculitis aguda y autolimitada frecuente en menores de cinco años; sin embargo, su diagnóstico es un reto en menores de seis meses. Reporte de caso: Reportamos un lactante de tres meses con fiebre y tumoración cervical dolorosa de tres días de enfermedad. Fue diagnosticado como tumoración cervical abscedada y recibió tratamiento con antibióticos por 10 días. En hospitalización presentó lesiones eritematosas maculares en todo el cuerpo, persistencia de fiebre y elevación de marcadores inflamatorios. Se realizó una ecocardiografía encontrándose dilatación de las arterias coronarias siendo diagnosticado de EK incompleto. Recibió inmunoglobulina humana endovenosa y ácido acetil salicílico. Actualmente está en controles por cardiología con ácido acetil salicílico por persistencia de dilatación de las arterias coronarias. Conclusiones: La adenitis cervical puede imitar a otras infecciones cutáneas como el absceso cervical ocasionado retraso en el diagnóstico de EK produciendo complicaciones como el aneurisma coronario.


Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute and self-limited vasculitis common in children under five years. The diagnosis is a challenge in children under six months of age. Report case: We report a three-month-old infant with fever and a painful neck tumor of three days of disease. He was diagnosed with an abscessed cervical mass and received antibiotic treatment for ten days. During hospitalization, macular erythematous lesions developed throughout the body, persistence of fever, and elevated inflammatory markers. Echocardiography was performed, finding dilatation of the coronary arteries, being diagnosed with incomplete KD. He received intravenous human immunoglobulin and acetylsalicylic acid. He is currently undergoing cardiology controls with acetylsalicylic acid due to persistent dilatation of the coronary arteries. Conclusions: Cervical adenitis can mimic other skin infections such as cervical abscesses. It can cause a delay in the diagnosis of KD, producing complications such as a coronary aneurysm.

13.
Pediátr. Panamá ; 50(3): 21-25, 30 diciembre 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352579

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Kawasaki es una vasculitis que afecta arterias de mediano calibre que ocurre predominantemente en la población pediátrica, de etiología desconocida. Si no es tratada tempranamente existe riesgo de desarrollo de complicaciones tan severas como el desarrollo de aneurismas de arterias coronarias, las cuales pueden estar relacionadas con el desarrollo de trombosis coronaria y riesgo de infarto de miocardio. Se han asociado diversos factores de riesgo de desarrollo de aneurismas coronarios como el tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad o la edad del paciente, la importancia de la identificación de estos factores radica en la posibilidad de la pronta acción sobre aquellos que sean modificables en un intento de limitar el desarrollo de dichas complicaciones coronarias. El tratamiento a largo plazo para esta condición incluye terapia antiagregante y anticoagulante, ambas pueden representar un riesgo en sí mismas para el paciente además de ser limitantes para un paciente pediátrico por el riesgo de sangrado asociado a traumas (propios de la edad pediátrica).


Kawasaki disease is a vasculitis that affects medium-caliber arteries that occurs predominantly in the pediatric population, of unknown etiology. If it is not treated early, there is a risk of developing complications as severe as the development of coronary artery aneurysms, which may be related to the development of coronary thrombosis and the risk of myocardial infarction. Various risk factors have been associated with the development of coronary aneurysms such as the time of evolution of the disease or the age of the patient, the importance of identifying these factors lies in the possibility of prompt action on those that are modifiable in an attempt to limit the development of coronary complications. Long-term treatment for this condition includes antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy, both may represent a risk in themselves for the patient as well as being limiting for a pediatric patient due to the risk of bleeding associated with trauma (typical of pediatric age).

14.
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 84-87, 13 oct. 2021. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342239

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso de un paciente de 70 años que consultó por cefalea súbita, tipo trueno, sin alteración del estado de consciencia, acompañada de dolor torácico de una hora de evolución y de baja intensidad. A su ingreso fue enfocado como cefalea en trueno, que es clasificada, en cuanto a la atención, como bandera roja. La medición de troponina fue negativa y una tomografía de cráneo fue leída como normal. Desde el ingreso presentaba signos vitales normales, cuando iba a ser dado de alta se torna hipotenso (completamente asintomático) y por su síntoma cardinal (cefalea), que se asoció a dolor torácico leve y no anginoso, se solicitó angiotomografía toracoabdominal, con la que se demostró aneurisma disecante de la aorta. Con la presentación de este caso, se busca resaltar la importancia en el servicio de urgencias de la asociación de la cefalea tipo trueno, con condiciones vasculares como la disección aórtica.


We describe the case of a 70-year-old patient, who seeks medical advice due to sudden, thunder headache, without alteration of the state of consciousness, accompanied by chest pain of 1 hour of evolution and of low intensity. Upon his admission, the patient was treated as a thunderclap headache, which is considered a red flag. His troponin was negative, and his head tomography was interpreted as normal. From admission he had normal vital signs, but when he was going to be discharged, he became hypotensive (completely asymptomatic) and due to his cardinal symptom (headache) that was asso-ciated with mild non-anginal chest pain, a thoracoabdominal angioCT was requested, with which dissecting aneurysm of the aorta was evidenced. With the presentation of this case, we seek to highlight the importance of the association of thunder-type headache with possible vascular conditions such as aortic dissection in the emergency department.


Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 70 anos que consultou por quadro de cefaleia súbita, tipo trovão, sem alteração do estado de consciência, acompanhada de dor torácica de uma hora de evolução e de baixa intensidade. Na admissão, foi tratado como cefaleia em trovoada, que é classificada, em termos de atenção, como bandeira vermelha. A me-dição da troponina foi negativa e uma tomografia de crânio foi lida como normal. Desde a admissão apresentava sinais vitais normais, quando ia receber alta ficou hipotenso (totalmente assintomático) e devido ao seu sintoma cardinal (cefaleia), que se associou a dores torácicas ligeiras e não anginosas, foi solicitada angiografia toracoabdominal, com cujo aneurisma dissecante da aorta foi demonstrado. Com a apresentação deste caso, o objetivo é destacar a importância no pronto-socorro da associação da cefaleia do tipo trovão com afecções vasculares como a dissecção da aorta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Aorta , Chest Pain , Angiography , Headache
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(3): 207-209, 15/09/2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362098

ABSTRACT

Objective Terson syndrome (TS), also known as vitreous hemorrhage, is reported in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by a ruptured aneurysm. This study aims to evaluate the presence of ocular hemorrhage in such patients, trying to identify those who could benefit from the specific treatment for visual deficit recovery. Methods Prospective study of 53 patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SSAH) due to ruptured aneurysm. The patients were evaluated for vitreous hemorrhage through indirect fundoscopy with 6 to 12 months of follow-up. Results The ages of the patients ranged from 17 to 79 years-old (mean age, 45.9 11.7); 39 patients were female (73%) and 14 were male (27%). Six patients (11%) presented TS, and 83.3% had a transient loss of consciousness during ictus. Conclusions An ophthalmologic evaluation must be routinely performed in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients, especially in those with worse neurological grade. Moreover, prognosis was bad in TS patients.

16.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(3): 288-293, 15/09/2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362169

ABSTRACT

Virtual reality (VR) has increasingly been implemented in neurosurgical practice. A patient with an unruptured anterior communicating artery (AcoA) aneurysm was referred to our institution. Imaging data from computed tomography angiography (CTA) was used to create a patient specific 3D model of vascular and skull base anatomy, and then processed to a VR compatible environment. Minimally invasive approaches (mini-pterional, supraorbital and mini-orbitozygomatic) were simulated and assessed for adequate vascular exposure in VR. Using an eyebrow approach, aminiorbitozygomatic approach was performed, with clip exclusion of the aneurysm from the circulation. The step-by-step process of VR planning is outlined, and the advantages and disadvantages for the neurosurgeon of this technology are reviewed.

17.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289365

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aneurismas aórticos abdominales constituyen un problema de salud por la alta mortalidad que provocan. Su seguimiento y tratamiento son fundamentales para evitar las complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Objetivo: Caracterizar las principales complicaciones posquirúrgicas de los pacientes con aneurisma de la aorta abdominal operados electivamente. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 94 pacientes operados de forma electiva en el Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular por presentar un diagnóstico de aneurisma de la aorta abdominal. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, color de la piel, enfermedades asociadas, diámetro del aneurisma, profilaxis antibiótica, tiempo quirúrgico, tipo de prótesis vascular, tipo de complicación posoperatoria, tiempo de aparición de las complicaciones, estadía hospitalaria posoperatoria y estado al egreso. Se determinaron las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: El 56,4 por ciento de los pacientes operados presentó algún tipo de complicación, las cuales fueron más frecuentes en el sexo masculino por encima de los 60 años. Las más predominantes resultaron la bronconeumonía (24,5 por ciento) y las arritmias cardíacas (20,8 por ciento). La proporción de complicaciones se mostró mayor en los pacientes con injertos bifurcados, así como en aquellos sin profilaxis y con un tiempo quirúrgico prolongado. Hubo mayor frecuencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares entre los fallecidos. Conclusiones: En los pacientes operados de forma electiva de aneurisma de la aorta abdominal predominaron las complicaciones respiratorias y cardiovasculares, estas últimas provocaron un aumento en la mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a health problem because of the high mortality they cause. Their follow-up and treatment are essential to avoid post-surgical complications. Objective: Characterize the main post-surgical complications of patients with electively operated abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: An observational and descriptive study was conducted in 94 electively operated patients at the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery after having a diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The study variables were: age, sex, skin color, associated diseases, aneurysm diameter, antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical time, type of vascular prosthesis, type of postoperative complication, time of onset of complications, postoperative hospital stay, and state at discharge moment. Absolute and relative frequencies were determined. Results: 56.4 percent of operated patients had some form of complication, which were more common in the males over 60 years. The most predominant complications were bronchopneumonie (24.5 percent) and cardiac arrhythmias (20.8 percent). The proportion of complications was shown to be higher in patients with forked grafts, as well as in those without prophylaxis and with prolonged surgical time. There was a higher frequency of cardiovascular diseases among the deceased patients. Conclusions: In patients electively operated of abdominal aortic aneurysm, there was a predominance of respiratory and cardiovascular complications, and the latter caused an increase in mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Postoperative Complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
18.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(4): 374-377, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1351935

ABSTRACT

Resumen La coagulación intravascular diseminada es un proceso sistémico caracterizado por la activación generalizada de la coagulación, que tiene el potencial de causar trombosis vascular, hemorragia y falla orgánica. En raras ocasiones, las anomalías vasculares, como el aneurisma aórtico abdominal, pueden desencadenar coagulación intravascular diseminada crónica. Los aneurismas aórticos grandes, su disección y su expansión son factores de riesgo. En estos casos predominan los síntomas subclínicos y la coagulopatía solo se identifica mediante pruebas de laboratorio. Existe evidencia limitada basada en la experiencia de series de casos de coagulación intravascular diseminada crónica como complicación en pacientes con aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Además, la duración y la respuesta terapéutica a la heparina no se conocen bien, principalmente en los pacientes con manejo conservador. Se considera un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico debido a la baja frecuencia de presentación. A continuación, se describen las características clínicas y paraclínicas, así como el tratamiento, de un paciente con aneurisma aórtico abdominal asociado con coagulación intravascular diseminada crónica.


Abstract Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a systemic process characterized by the widespread activation of coagulation with the potential for causing vascular thrombosis, hemorrhage and organ failure. Rarely, vascular anomalies like abdominal aortic aneurysm can trigger chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation. Large aortic aneurysms, dissection and expansion are risk factors. In these cases, subclinical symptoms predominate and coagulopathy is only identified by laboratory tests. Nowadays there is limited evidence based on experience from case series of chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation as complication in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. Furthermore, duration and therapeutic response with heparin therapy are not well known, mainly in those patients with conservative management. It is considered a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge due to the low presentation frequency. The clinical characteristics, laboratory and treatment of a patient with abdominal aortic aneurysm associated with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation are described below.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Blood Coagulation , Risk Factors , Conservative Treatment
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 301-307, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288232

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The treatment of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has changed in the last three decades. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the primary treatment option in anatomically suitable patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms. However, there is no serum biomarker to be used in EVAR follow-up. Methods: This is a prospective single-centre study of 30 consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) who underwent EVAR. Serum dosages of micro ribonucleic acid 1281 (miRNA-1281), creatinine, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were evaluated and angiotomographic evaluations were performed preoperatively and six months after the intervention. Results: There was a hyperexpression of miRNA-1281 in patients with AAA and a significant reduction of it after EVAR, from 1.66-fold before EVAR to 0.27 after the procedure (P<0.0001). MiRNA-1281 expression was not influenced by renal function (creatinine: 1.14±0.29, P=0.68), total cholesterol (179.9±59.9, P=0.22), or CRP (1.17±3.5; P=0.48). There is correlation between AAA size and CRP serum levels, however there was no statically significant reduction of CRP after EVAR. Discussion: MiRNA-1281 expression may be influenced by cholesterol, triglycerides levels, and renal function. We found no difference in these markers before and six months after EVAR. However, miRNA-1281 presents a significant reduction in patients with no follow-up complications. We hypothesize that miRNA-1281 expression may be related to aortic wall stress or flow changes. Conclusion: MiRNA-1281 may contribute as a possible marker of EVAR follow-up.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 346-353, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is one of the uncommon cardiovascular disorders and its prognosis is still debated. Objective: We aimed to review long-term follow-up data in patients with CAE and to evaluate the prognosis of CAE patients with coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). Methods: This study had a prospective design and 143 patients with CAE were included. The angiographic and demographic characteristics were reviewed in detail. The patients were categorized, based on concomitant coronary artery stenosis detected by angiography, as CCAE group (n=87, ≥30% luminal stenosis) and ICAE group (n=56, <30% luminal stenosis) and also categorized by the coronary flow as CSFP group (n=51) and normal flow coronary ectasia - NCEA group (n=92). All patients were re-evaluated at 6-month intervals. Follow-up data, cardiovascular (CV) mortality, hospitalization and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were collected. The level of statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: Patients were followed up for an average of 56.9±7.4 months. During the follow-up, statistically significant differences were found in hospitalization, CV mortality and MACE between the CCAE and ICAE groups (P=0.038, P=0.003, P=0.001, respectively). The CSFP and NCEA groups were also compared. There was a statistical difference with respect to hospitalization between the CFSP and NCEA groups (P=0.001), but no difference was observed in terms of MACE and CV mortality (P=0.793 and P=0.279). Conclusion: CSFP accompanying CAE may be a predictor of hospitalization. Significant atherosclerotic plaques coexisting with CAE may be predictive for MACE.

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