Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 140
Filter
1.
Rev. latinoam. bioét ; 21(2): 107-125, jul.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361039

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Investigaram-se as relações de poder entre humanos e animais na experimentação científica testando a hipótese de que certos conceitos, como disciplina, biopolítica e dispositivo, podem ser úteis para pensar a realidade de animais e humanos no contexto do laboratório. Partiu-se da premissa de que os poderes são mais sutis do que explicitamente violentos. Por um lado, validou-se a hipótese por meio da análise de grupo focal online da fala de docentes, pós-graduandos e bioteristas. Por outro, a presente pesquisa evidenciou também a importância dos afetos, da noção de responsabilidade e do cuidado. Delineia-se, portanto, uma relação humano-animal constituída pela ambivalência: saberes e práticas instrumentais, de um lado, cuidado, afeto e emoções, de outro. Assim, os animais são seres de ontologia dupla, pois são objetos (devem ser estudados) e sujeitos (devem ser respeitados). A partir dessa ambivalência, discute-se o dispositivo cobaia, um conjunto de discursos e práticas que envolvem tanto instrumentalidade quanto afetividade, e que, através de suas técnicas, transforma os animais em "cobaias". Defende-se que essa ambivalência, por mais que seja importante para manter o animal no lugar subalterno de cobaia, também apresenta um potencial de criar outros modos de relação, outros modos de experimentar que fogem do dispositivo, isto é, que fogem da lógica sacrificial de produzir vidas dóceis e matáveis.


Abstract: Power relations between humans and animals in scientific experimentation have been investigated to test the hypothesis that certain concepts, such as discipline, biopolitics, and device, may help think about the reality of animals and humans in the laboratory context. It starts from the premise that powers are subtle rather than explicitly violent. First, we validated the hypothesis through an online focus group analysis of the discourse of lecturers, graduates, and bioethicists. Second, we noted the importance of affections, the notion of responsibility, and care. There is a human-animal relationship characterized by ambivalence: instrumental knowledge and practices, on the one hand, care, affection, and emotions, on the other. Therefore, animals have a double ontology since they are objects (they must be studied) and subjects (they must be respected). From this ambivalence, we discuss the guinea pig device, a set of discourses and practices that involve instrumentality and affectivity and transform animals into guinea pigs through its techniques. It is argued that this ambivalence, as vital as it is to keep the animal in the subaltern place of the guinea pig, also has the potential to create other forms of relationship, other forms of experimenting that escape the device, that is, the logic of sacrifice to produce docile and killable lives.


Resumen: Se han investigado las relaciones de poder entre humanos y animales en el experimento científico para probar la hipótesis de que ciertos conceptos, como disciplina, biopolítica y dispositivo, pueden ser útiles para pensar la realidad de animales y humanos en el contexto del laboratorio. Se parte de la premisa de que los poderes son más sutiles que explícitamente violentos. Por un lado, se validó la hipótesis por medio del análisis de grupo focal online del discurso de docentes, posgraduados y bioteristas. Por otro, la presente investigación evidenció también la importancia de los afectos, la noción de responsabilidad y el cuidado. Se presenta, por lo tanto, una relación humano-animal constituida por la ambivalencia: saberes y prácticas instrumentales, de una parte, cuidado, afecto y emociones, de otra. Así, los animales son seres de ontología doble, pues son objetos (deben estudiarse) y sujetos (deben respetarse). Desde esta ambivalencia, se discute el dispositivo cobaya, un conjunto de discursos y prácticas que implican tanto instrumentalidad como afectividad, y que, mediante sus técnicas, transforma los animales en cobayas. Se defiende que esta ambivalencia, por más que sea importante para mantener el animal en el lugar subalterno de cobaya, también presenta un potencial de crear otros modos de relación, otros modos de experimentar que se escapan del dispositivo, es decir, que escapan de la lógica del sacrificio de producir vidas dóciles y matables.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of targeting mitochondria on spinal cord injury animal models, and provide experimental evidence. Methods:Literatures about animal experiments of targeting mitochondria treatment for spinal cord injury were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Web of Knowledge, CNKI and Wanfang database from establishment to February, 2021. Three researchers independently screened the literatures and extracted the data, and they were summarized by qualitative analysis. Results:Eleven animal experimental studies were enrolled, including 548 animals with spinal cord injury. Six studies selected male or female Sprague-Dawley rats, and the rats in eight studies weighed 150~275 g. The animal models of spinal cord injury in all studies focused on T9~T11 contusive spinal cord injury, but there were differences in the use of spinal cord strikers and striking strength. The type, time, frequency, concentration and dosage of intervention drugs were all different. Due to the large heterogeneity of the included studies in animal species, animal models and outcome measures, qualitative analysis was conducted. Conclusion:Targeting mitochondria for spinal cord injury in animals could promote the recovery of motor function, reduce the damaged spinal cord tissue and increase the remaining tissue, enhance the ability of anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis, and enhance mitochondrial biogenesis. Limited by the number and quality of included studies, the above conclusions need to be verified by more high-quality studies.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904725

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility of using magnetic beads to locate small pulmonary nodules. Methods    Twelve rabbits were randomly divided into two groups, 6 in each group. One group underwent thoracotomy after anesthesia and the other group underwent percutaneous puncture under the guidance of X-ray. One and two cylindrical tracer magnets (magnetic beads) with a diameter of 1 mm and a height of 3 mm were injected adjacent to the imaginary pulmonary nodules in left lung in each group. The magnetic beads beside the imaginary nodules were attracted by a pursuit magnet with a diameter of 9 mm and a height of 19 mm. The effectiveness of localization by magnetic beads were determined by attraction between tracer and pursuit magnets. Results    All processes were uneven in 12 rabbits. There was micro hemorrhage and no hematoma in the lung tissue at the injection site of the magnetic beads. When tracked with the pursuit magnets, there was one bead divorce in cases that one bead was injected, but no migration or divorce of the magnetic beads in cases that two magnetic beads were simultaneously injected to localize the small pulmonary nodules. Conclusion    The feasibility of using magnetic beads to locate small pulmonary nodules has been  preliminarily verified.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 53-56, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837715

ABSTRACT

@#Neuromyelitis optica(NMO)is an inflammatory central nervous system(CNS)astrocytic disease with high incidence, neuro-ophthalmic intercross, and humoral immune-dominated in Asian population. It has attracted much attention due to its high pathogenicity, high risk of recurrence, and poor prognosis. It is difficult for patients with NMO-associated optic neuritis(NMO-ON)to benefit from routine treatment, and they are often left with different degrees of optic nerve atrophy. One limitation of the study of NMO-ON is the deficiency of the experimental model. Therefore, the progress and application of NMO and NMO-ON experimental model are reviewed in this paper, aiming to explore the pathological mechanism and possible treatment of NMO visual impairment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876367

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) on the repair of oral mucosal defects and to provide the basis for soft tissue growth in oral implant operations.@*Methods@#Thirty-six healthy male Japanese big ear rabbits were randomly divided into the PRF group, ADM group, Autograft group (autologous connective tissue transplantation group) and Control group (blank control group); each group contained nine rabbits. Between the midline and the hard palate maxillary incisors, in an 8-mm location preparation and a 10-mm standard mucosa defect, the ADM group, PRF and Autograft group were implanted with ADM, autologous PRF and autologous cornification mucosa, respectively, whereas the control group had wound gauze compression processing at 7, 14, and 21 days to determine the wound healing rate in the area selected by HE staining. The inflammatory grade and average epithelial thickness were observed, and the results were statistically analyzed.@*Results @#Compared with the control group, the PRF, ADM and Autograft groups had significantly advanced wound healing (P < 0.05). The wound healing degree in the PRF group was similar to that of the ADM group at all time points (P > 0.05). The wound healing degree in the PRF and ADM groups was lower than that of the Autograft group at each time point (P < 0.05). HE staining results showed that compared with the control group, the levels of inflammation in the PRF group, ADM group and Autograft group were reduced, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Nevertheless, there was no significant difference between the PRF, ADM and Autograft groups (P > 0.05). The epithelial thickness in the ADM group was similar to that in the Autograft group (P > 0.05). The epithelial thickness in the ADM group was higher than that in the PRF group at 7 d and 14 d (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference at 21 d (P > 0.05).@*Conclusion @#PRF and ADM have similar healing effects in repairing oral mucosa defects, and they can be used as soft tissue augmentation materials instead of connective tissue transplantation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886862

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the therapeutic effect and safety of irreversible electroporation (IRE) ablation technique on esophageal cancer. Methods    An ECM830 electroporator was used for IRE treatment on esophageal cancer cells EC109 and KYSE30. According to the different electric field intensity, five groups were assigned: a control group, a 500 V/cm group, a 1 000 V/cm group, a 1 500 V/cm group, and a 2 000 V/cm group. After 24 h, methyl thiazolyltetrazolium (MTT) was used to detect the cell proliferation of each group. Western blotting was performed to evaluate the expression of apoptosis proteins in cells before or after IRE treatment. Eight healthy BALB/c nude mice were equally divided into two groups: a control group (n=4) and an IRE group (n=4). EC109 was used to establish subcutaneous transplantation tumors and subsequently the mice in the IRE group were treated with flat electrode. The weight and volume of tumors were measured after 14 days. Ten healthy New Zealand white rabbits were equally divided into two groups: a control group (n=5) and an IRE group (n=5). After exposing the abdominal cavity, the abdominal esophagus of the IRE group was treated with flat electrode. Seven days later, the esophagus was extracted for HE and Masson staining. Results    When the electric field intensity was low (500 V/cm), there was no change in esophageal cancer cells proliferation after IRE treatment compared to the control group (EC109: P=0.385, KYSE30: P=0.600). With the increase of electric field intensity, the influence of IRE on the proliferation of esophageal cancer cell gradually increased. When it reached 2 000 V/cm, there was basically no cell viability after IRE treatment (P<0.001). The results of Western blotting showed that the expression of cleaved caspase-3 increased after IRE treatment (P<0.01). Animal experiments indicated that the weight and volume of tumors in nude mice reduced (P<0.05) and the growth of tumors was slowed down after IRE treatment. In addition, the parenchymal cells of rabbit esophagus were largely damaged, while interstitial tissues such as fibers were well preserved. Conclusion    IRE ablation has the potential to inhibit the proliferation of esophageal cancer cell and slow down the tumor growth.What’s more, it is safe for the esophagus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886861

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To verify the feasibility of a self-designed magnetic anchoring and traction device (MATD) for assisting two-port video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy. Methods    Three Beagle dogs were selected as animal models with age ranging from 1-6 years and weight ranging from 8-12 kg, and they underwent two-port video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy after general anesthesia. We used the MATD to retract the esophagus to different directions, which assisted mobilizing esophagus, detecting the nerves along esophagus and dissecting paraesophagus lymph nodes. The operation time, blood loss and feasibility of the MATD were recorded. Results    With the aid of the MATD, we successfully retracted and mobilized the esophagus, detected the nerves and dissected the lymph nodes in three Beagle dog models. During the operation, the MATD provided sufficient and steady traction of esophagus to achieve a good exposure of the operative field, effectively decreasing the interference between working instruments. The MATD worked well. The mean operation time was 30 min, and the mean intraoperative blood loss was about 10 mL. Conclusion    It is effective to use the MATD to assist retracting esophagus during video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy. The magnetic anchoring and traction technique can assist to expose the surgical field, decrease the interference between the working instruments and have the potential clinical application.

8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 276-279
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213813

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To study the arterial distribution of embosphere microsphere (EM) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles in rabbit mesenteric artery using in vivo microscopy.To study the arterial distribution of embosphere microsphere (EM) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles in rabbit mesenteric artery using in vivo microscopy. Methods: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits were divided into four groups, namely large PVA (560–710 μm), small PVA (150–350 μm), large EM (500–700 μm), and small EM (100–300 μm). The mesenteric arteries of the experimental animals were embolized under fluoroscopic guidance and visualized using in vivo microscopy. The embolized vessel diameter and arterial distribution of embolic agents were compared. Results: The diameters of occluded vessels in large PVA, small PVA, large EM, and small EM groups were 430.60 ± 67.30, 200.95 ± 70.54, 387.79 ± 92.51, and 143.81 ± 39.65 μm, respectively. PVA occluded significantly larger vessels than EM when the particle size was similar (P < 0.001). The proportion of EM at the bifurcation of the artery was significantly higher than that of PVA particles (large PVA < large EM, χ2 = 4.325, P < 0.038; small PVA < small EM, χ2 = 6.68, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Both PVA and EM could occlude vessels smaller than the particle size, and EM resulted in deeper penetration. The location of embolic particles in the artery is mainly related to the shape of particles

9.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 751-761, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effects of moxibustion on serum cytokines in experimental animals with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, and CBM were searched for animal experiments on moxibustion intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. Related data were extracted, and RevMan 5.3 was used to perform a meta-analysis of outcome measures, including serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and degree of swelling of diseased joint. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies were included. The detection methods included radioimmunoassay and ELISA and the experimental animal species included rats and rabbits. The studies on serum TNF-α and degree of swelling of diseased joint had publication bias. Meta-analysis showed that the moxibustion group had significant reductions in the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, VEGF, IL-17, and RANKL, significant increases in the serum levels of TGF-β and IFN-γ, and a significant reduction in the degree of swelling of diseased joints in model animals. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can effectively regulate levels of the serum cytokines in experimental animals of rheumatoid arthritis and thus reduce inflammatory response and alleviate the swelling of diseased joints.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878771

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) based on network pharmacology. The active components and corresponding targets of Sijunzi Decoction were extracted with Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets were standardized with the help of Uniprot database. The related targets of UC were obtained through GeneCards database and Disgenet database, and the intersection targets of drugs and diseases were screened by R language. The visual regulation network of "active ingredient-disease target" of Sijunzi Decoction was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database. The functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway were carried out on Bioconductor platform, and some of the targets were verified by animal experiments. Through database analysis, a total of 135 active components of Sijunzi Decoction, 114 predicted targets and 80 common targets with UC were obtained. The core target proteins included interleukin 6(IL-6), caspase-3(CASP3), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis involved 102 items, which mainly affected transcription factor activity, enzyme activity, receptor activity and biochemical process regulation. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 120 items were involved in human cytomegalovirus infection, cancer, apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways. Mouse experiments showed that Sijunzi Decoction could down-regulate the expression of target proteins IL-6 and caspase-3 and inhibit intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. The treatment of UC with Sijunzi Decoction is the result of the interaction among multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways. It is proved by experiments that Sijunzi Decoction may play an effective role by regulating the expression of IL-6 and caspase-3, and getting involved in apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872024

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper analyzes the situation and problems of animal experiments in hospitals,which including the ethical review,regulatory compliance of animal welfare and animal experimental use,proposing possible measurements for reference.Methods We retrospectively searched Wanfang database,used specific search terms and classification methods to analyze the current situation and problems of ethical review in conducting animal experiment in hospitals.Results In all papers,71 mentioned that the experiment got ethical review approval,accounting for 9.2%;411 mentioned about content of animal welfare,accounting for 53.3%;and 75 referred to the laws and regulations of animal experiments,taking up 9.7%.70 (9.6%) papers focused on both feeding conditions and euthanasia.However,339 (46.4%) papers did not mention any of them.In reference to the approval of animal welfarecommittee,there was a significant difference between funded papers and non-funded papers.In animal welfare,there was no significant difference between papers with funds or not.In the laws and regulations of animal experiment,there were significant differences between state-funded papers and non-state-funded papers.Conclusions So far,when carrying out animal experiments in hospitals,little attention has been paid to the ethical review,so was to the regulatory compliance of animal welfare and animal experimental use.Researchers should constantly strengthen their awareness of animal protection,make sure compliance with the welfare principles of experimental animals,animal protection laws and regulations,and further standardize animal research.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinically, children with metaphyseal and periepiphyseal fractures are more common. Internal fixation of the tarsal plate has a more important role in stabilizing the fracture. However, after a certain period of internal fixation, the fixator was taken out. After a certain period of observation, the recovery of the epiphyseal plate was rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To design an animal model of epiphyseal plate fracture and observe the growth and inhibition of epiphyseal plate after removal of the transepiphyseal steel plate implanted with locking plate for a period of time. METHODS: The 5 mm fracture models of the distal epiphyseal plate of the right femur in 32 young rabbits were established. They were randomly divided into four groups with eight rats in each group. The same type of steel plate and screw was used. Internal fixation of transepiphyseal plate was conducted at periplate fracture line. The internal fixator was removed 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after operation. The rabbits were sacrificed after 2 weeks of observation. The femoral specimens were obtained, and the femoral length was measured. The thickness of epiphyseal plate and the number of mast cells were measured by pathological section. Morphological changes of mast cells and epiphyseal plate thickness were observed. The fracture model was used as the experimental group and the distal epiphyseal plate of the left femur was used as the control group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) After 2 weeks of internal fixation, the steel plate was removed in the experimental group and the observation was continued for 2 weeks. There was no significant difference in femoral length, epiphyseal thickness and mast cell count between the experimental group and the control group. (2) In the experimental group, the internal fixator was removed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks and the plate was observed for 2 weeks. Compared with the control group, the femoral length, epiphyseal thickness and mast cell count in the experimental group were not completely restored to normal, and the difference was significant (P < 0.05). (3) On the premise that the internal fixator did not injure the epiphyseal plate, the transepiphyseal plate was taken out at the initial stage of internal fixation (≤ 2 weeks), and the plate was observed for 2 additional weeks. The growth and development of the epiphyseal plate were not significantly affected by appropriate pressure. (4) If the pressure limitation lasts for too long (≥ 4 weeks), the time of internal fixation for epiphyseal plate pressure limitation is too long. Although the plate is removed in time, the indexes such as limb length, epiphyseal plate thickness and mast cell count cannot be completely restored to normal, which can lead to partial or complete blockade of epiphyseal plate growth, resulting in limb deformity and stagnation of epiphyseal plate development.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847727

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dentin particles, tricalcium phosphate/collagen protein composites and Bio-oss particles can repair jaw defects, but the excellent osteogenic effect is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To compare osteogenic effects of three different bone graft materials on mandibular defects in beagle dogs. METHODS: Eight 1-year-old beagles were selected. A boxed bone defect area of 10 mm × 8 mm × 2 mm was prepared at the bilateral mandibular external oblique line and randomly divided into four groups with four bone defect models in each group. Undemineralized dentin particles were implanted in group A; tricalcium phosphate/ collagen protein composite materials were implanted in group B; Bio-oss particles were implanted in group C; and group D was used as blank control. Three months after transplantation, the samples were taken for histological observation. The experimental animals were approved by the Ethics Committee of the Experimental Animal Center of Dalian Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) In group A, dentin particles were slightly absorbed, surrounded by new bone tissue; new bone trabeculae and capillaries could be seen, and a large number of fibrous connective tissue surrounded dentin particles in the central area of bone graft. In group B, a small number of new bone trabeculae and osteoblasts could be seen; a large number of powdered β-tricalcium phosphate particles and a small amount of inflammatory cells could be seen in the fibrous connective tissue; and some β-tricalcium phosphate particles were surrounded by new bone tissue. Bone marrow cavity could be seen in the new bone. In group C, some Bio-oss particles were surrounded by new bone tissue; some Bio-oss particles were wrapped by surrounding fibrous connective tissue, and fibers, particles and new bone were intertwined. There was no new bone formation in group D, and many capillaries could be seen in a large number of fibrous connective tissue. (2) The rate of new bone formation in groups A, B and C was higher than that in group D (P < 0.05); the rate in groups A and C was higher than that in group B (P < 0.05). (3) The results show that all the three kinds of bone graft materials can promote the formation of new bone. The short-term osteogenic effects of undecalcified xenogeneic dentin particles and Bio-oss particles are better than tricalcium phosphate/collagen protein composites, but the long-term effects need to be further observed.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847429

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spinal surgical robots are mainly imported from countries outside China. The overall level of automation is still low. Domestic robot’s core technology still has some difficulties to conquer. Domestic robots are in the ascendant. The cost of spinal surgical robots is too expensive to apply in clinic practice. Our research group has developed Orthobot spinal surgical robot system for spine surgery with Shenzhen Xinjunte Company, which may be of great significance to the development of domestic surgical robots. OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety and effectiveness of the application of Orthobot semi-automatic spine surgery robot system in spine surgery in swine lumbar experimental model by analyzing its feasibility so as to optimize surgical procedures. METHODS: Totally 12 swine lumbar samples (L1-L6) were randomly divided into 2 groups. In the experimental group (6 cases), pedicle screw path was planned under the three-dimensional CT data after matching the pre-operative CT images and intra-operative C-arm film. Orthobot spinal surgical robot system was used to locate the pedicle start point automatically and to drill a hole with Kirschner wire into the pedicle. Pedicle screw path was prepared through the Kirschner wire. In the control group (6 cases), X-ray perspective data of C-arm machine during operation were directly used, and the screw path was planned under the two-dimensional X-ray data. The surgical planning time, Kirschner wire implantation time, X-ray exposure time, and total operation time were recorded for further analysis. The accuracy and the excellent and good rate of pedicle screw implantation were evaluated by CT scan according to Abul-Kasimhierarchy grading system. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The planning time and the total operation time of single pedicle screw path preparation were lower in the experimental group than in the control group (P 0.05). (2) Post-operation CT evaluation showed that the excellent and good rate of pedicle screw path preparation was significantly better in the experimental group 96.7% (58/60) than in the control group 85.0% (51/60) (P < 0.05). (3) Results suggested that compared with intraoperative C-arm, the application of Orthobot semi-automatic spine surgery robot system combined with preoperative CT and intraoperative C-arm has high accuracy, safeness and effectiveness. However, the registration and matching time of the system is increased and the total operation time is long.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847337

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the in-depth investigation of stem cells and better understanding of kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury, stem cell therapy for renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in animal experiments have been developed extensively, and have achieved certain advance. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a systematic evaluation to explore the specific efficacy of stem cell therapy for renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effects of stem cells on the function and structure of the kidney and the immune function of the body and the feasibility of transformation into clinical practice based on the animal experiments. METHODS: Databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, VIP and WanFang were searched by computer, and the search time was limited before May 2019. The literature was screened independently by two researchers, and the data were extracted. SYRCLE animal experiment bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the study, and the evidence quality was evaluated using CERQual tool.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773689

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to systematically evaluate the toxicity-reducing effect of Tripterygium-licorice in animal experiments,and also to provide evidence for basic research on the toxicity reduction of Tripterygium wilfordii. The PubMed,EMbase,Web of Science,CBM,CNKI and Wan Fang Databases from their establishment to August 31 th,2018 were searched. Two independent reviewers screened the papers,extracted the data,assessed the risk of bias using SYRCLE assessment tool and conducted Meta-analysis with Rev Man 5. 3 software. A total of 10 papers involving 31 studies were finally included,15 studies of which were used for Meta-analysis. Four studies were included for chronic hepatotoxicity animal model. In experimental group( 34 animals),Tripterygium was administered at dose of 0. 09-0. 1 mg·kg-1·d-1,and glycyrrhizic acid was administered at dose of 90-100 mg·kg-1,both for 2 weeks; in control group( 34 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was replaced with equal volume of normal saline. Eleven studies were included for acute hepatotoxicity animal model. In experimental group( 66 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was administered at dose of 75-480 mg·kg-1 for 7 days,then glycyrrhizic acid was stopped,and Tripterygium began to be administered at dose of 0. 6-1. 0 mg·kg-1 per 24 h or 48 h for a total of 1-2 times; in control group( 66 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was replaced with equal volume of normal saline or corresponding solvent. The results of Meta-analysis showed that in both chronic hepatotoxicity animal model and acute hepatotoxicity animal model,the transaminase levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group( P < 0. 05). Subgroup analysis of acute hepatotoxicity animal model showed that the transaminase levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group for every subgroup except " glycyrrhizic acid 75 mg·kg-1" subgroup. However,in terms of the mean difference( MD) and confidence interval( CI),there was no significant difference in transaminase decline between each subgroup. Low dose of glycyrrhizic acid( 90-100 mg·kg-1) has a toxicity-reduction effect on chronic hepatotoxicity induced by tripterygium( 0. 09-0. 10 mg·kg-1). Middle and high doses of glycyrrhizic acid( 120-480 mg·kg-1) have a toxicity-reduction effect on acute hepatotoxicity induced by tripterygium( 0. 6-1. 0 mg·kg-1),but with no significant dose-effect relationship.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Glycyrrhiza , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Toxicity
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746327

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of divided injection of fat grafting and to provide a new sight for the strategy of clinical particle fat transplantation.Methods Adipose tissue was aspirated from the healthy female abdomen by liposuction.In the control group,0.5 ml of adipose tissue was subcutaneously injected into the nude mice.The experimental group was injected with 0.25 ml first,followed by 0.25 ml injection of adipose tissue on the 7th,14th and 30th days.To assess graft retention rate and effectiveness we measured the wet weight and observed the pathological sections with HE or perilipin immunofluorescence.Results The wet weight of the tissue between the experimental group and the control group had no statistical difference,the experimental group had less necrosis and empty tissue than the control group.The proportion of perilipin positive staining tissue in 7 day group had statistical difference from that of the control group.Conclusions The strategy of preinjection of part of the adipose tissue and then supplement of the residual tissue after 7 days may increase the proportion of active adipose tissue in the graft.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 112-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744679

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the secondary pathological changes in lung of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Methods Twenty-five healthy adult clean New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n =5) and experimental group (n =20) according to the random number table method.The experimental group was subdivided into two subgroups according to the observation time:24 hours and 48 hours,with 10 rabbits in each subgroup.A high pressure liquid animal model of abdominal cavity was reproduced by water bag superposition pressurization.In the control group,the pressurized water bag did not inject liquid,and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was maintained at 0;while in the experimental group,pressurized water infusion was performed,and IAP was maintained at 25 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa).The rabbits in the control group were sacrificed at 48 hours,those in the experimental group were sacrificed at 24 hours and 48 hours respectively,and the lungs were harvested completely.The pathological changes were observed under light microscope after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining.Results In the control group,the activity of the rabbits was decreased,the food intake was decreased,and all the 5 animals survived;in the experimental group,the activity was decreased significantly,little food intake or not,the urine output was decreased significantly,and 1 rabbit died at 22,27 and 37 hours respectively,and 17 survived.Light microscopy showed that there were terminal bronchioles and a large number of alveoli in the lung tissue of the control group,and small vessels dilated in the interstitium.In the experimental group,alveolar epithelial hyperplasia,alveolar sěptum of different sizes,alveolar fusion,alveolar septal bleeding,interstitial heart failure cells with phagocytosis of hemosiderin,bronchiolectasis,a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration near the bronchi,thrombosis in the blood vessels were found at 24 hours.A large number of erythrocyte and cellulose-like exudates were seen in the lumen of terminal bronchioles,alveolar dilatation and fusion were aggravated,and old hemorrhage in the lumen of the alveoli was observed,hemosiderosis containing bemosiderin was observed at 48 hours.Conclusion ACS could cause severe lung injury and aggravate as time goes on.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 586-591, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731870

ABSTRACT

@#Age related macular degeneration(ARMD)is the leading cause of blindness in people over 65 years of age. The need for research on effective treatments of ARMD has led to the development of multiple animal models. ARMD is a complex process involving interaction of age, genetic and environmental factors. Animal models have reconstructed many of the histological features in ARMD, making it possible to better understand the underlying pathogenesis of the disease. Although no model can replicate all the phenotypes of human ARMD, it can express different characteristics of ARMD, revealing the roles of chronic oxidative damage, inflammation, immune dysregulation and lipid metabolism in the development of ARMD. This article will review the various ARMD animal models that have been reported. By analyzing the advantages and limitations of each model, it will provide some help for the selection of appropriate animal models for ARMD research and provide new modeling ideas.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751984

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pathological changes of lung,pancreas and kidney in abdominal compartment syndrome by making an animal model of abdominal hypertension.Methods 20 New Zealand rabbits were divided into 3 groups,4 in the control group,8 in the experiment group 1,and 8 in group 2.The control group were not injected with pressure water capsule,the pressure was 0 mmHg(0 Kpa),and the time limit was 48 hours.The pressure and increased volume of abdominal pressure was recorded each time of injection of 50 ml saline in group 1 and group 2.The abdominal pressure-volume curve was plotted.Then the pressure of the experimental group was adjusted to 22 mmHg(2.96 Kpa),and the time limit of experimental group 1 was 24 hours,the group 2 was 48 hours.The experimental animals were killed at the time of observation,the whole lung,pancreas and kidney were completed and fixed with 10% Formaldehyde solution for 24 hours,and the routine paraffin was embedded,sliced,stained with HE,and observed under the biological optical microscope.Results During the experiment,4 of the control group survived,1 died in the experimental group 1,and 2 died in group 2.There was a positive correlation between abdominal pressure and increasing volume of abdominal cavity in the experimental group of abdominal high pressure liquid animal model.The function equation:Y=0.1486X-119.0000 (R2=0.827 4,P=0.004 5).Pathological changes of lungs in three groups of experimental animals:control group:terminal bronchioles and a large number of alveoli in normal lungs,interstitial small vessel dilatation.The group 1:alveolar epithelial hyperplasia,alveolar septum size,alveolar lumen fusion,alveolar interstitial bleeding,dark brown matter deposition,intravascular thrombus,and computerized recanalization.In the group 2,the alveoli were dilated obviously,some alveolar cavities were fused,the alveolar septum was not one,and a large number of red cells and cellulosic exudates were found in the terminal fine bronchioles,including dark brown matter deposition.Pathological changes of pancreas in the three groups:control group:acinus:acinar cell consists of a layer of vertebral acinar cells,the nucleus was round,close to the base of the cell,and the nucleolus was obvious;the basal cytoplasm was basophilic because of the rich in rough endoplasmic reticulum and ribosome.The group 1:pancreatic acinar degeneration,large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating in the pancreatic tissue,lymphatic sinus dilation,lymph nodes filled with lymph,lymphatic edema,paranantral lymph nodes,lymphatic sinus dilatation,sinus endothelial cell proliferation and lymphoid hyperplasia.In the group 2,the pancreatic acini were markedly degenerated,blood vessels were dilated and congested in the interstitium,and the lymphatic vessels in the pancreatic tissue expanded and contained large amounts of lymph.Pathological changes of kidney in three groups of experimental animals:control group:glomeruli and blood vessels were basically normal,and renal tubules were slightly dilated.The group 1:mild segmental hyperplasia of glomerular mesangial cells,mild enlargement of mesangial matrix,dilatation of renal tubules,internal protein tube type,granulosa like degeneration of renal tubular epithelial cells and dilatation and congestion of endoplasmic blood vessels.Experimental group 2:glomerular segmental hyperplasia,renal tubular epithelial cell edema,renal tubule dilatation,canalicular type in the lumen,small vessels of the renal interstitium dilated and hyperemia.Conclusion Lung,pancreas and kidney have obvious secondary damage at the development of abdominal compartment syndrome and aggravates with the extension of time.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL