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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Anmeidan (AMD) on the learning and memory levels of sleep deprived rats through mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway. Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low, medium, high-dose AMD groups (4.86, 9.72, 19.44 g·kg-1·d-1) and estazolam group (0.1 mg·kg-1·d-1). Insomnia model was prepared by self-made sleep deprivation box for 14 days. Morris water maze was used to detect learning and memory levels, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expressions of cytochrome C (Cyt-C), cysteine aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in hippocampus. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the morphological structure of mitochondria in hippocampus. Protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax were detected by immunofluorescence (IF) and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) respectively. Result:In the model group, the incubation period of the platform and the total distance of swimming and the time of first arriving platform were prolonged, the number of platform crossing and the time of target quadrant movement were reduced, protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2 dropped, protein and mRNA expressions of Bax increased (P<0.01), and mitochondrial structure was abnormal with crista fracture, swelling and deformation. And protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.01). Low, medium and high-dose AMD groups could improve levels of space exploration and navigation of SD rats (P<0.01), increase protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2, decrease protein and mRNA expressions of Bax, improve the damage of mitochondria, and decrease the protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 (P<0.01). Conclusion:AMD can improve the learning and memory levels of SD rats, the effect is related to the mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway and decrease of Cyt-C and Caspase-3 expressions.

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