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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746235

ABSTRACT

Diabetic macular ischemia (DMI) is one of the manifestation of diabetic retinopathy (DR).It could be associated with diabetic macular edema (DME),which may affect the vision of DR patients.FFA is the gold standard for the diagnosis of DMI,but with the advent of OCT angiography,a more convenient and diversified method for the evaluation of DMI has been developed,which makes more and more researchers start to study DMI.Intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF has become the preferred treatment for DME.When treating with DME patients,ophthalmologists usually avoid DMI patients.But if intravitreal anti-VEGF should be the contradiction of DME is still unclear.To provide references to the research,this article summarized the risk factors,assessment methods and influence of DMI.This article also analyzed the existing studies,aiming to offer evidences to a more reasonable and effective treatment decision for DME individual.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746208

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofintravitreal injection ofconbercept in the treatment of retinopathy of premature (ROP) and to analyze the factors related to the therapy.Methods A retrospective study.A total of 57 patients (57 eyes) with pre-threshold type 1 (30 patients,30 eyes),threshold ROP (21 patients,21 eyes) and acute aggressive posterior ROP (APROP,6 patients,6 eyes)) from premature infants by retinal screening in Henan Provincial People's Hospital during October 2017 and June 2018 were enrolled in this study.All children were received routinely intravitreal injected 10 mg/ml conbercept 0.025 ml (0.25 mg) within 24 hours after diagnosis.Fundus examination was performed 7 days after injection.The interval of examination was 1-3 weeks according to fundus conditions.The mean follow-up was 30.1 ± 4.6 weeks.For patients with relapse or no response to treatment,repeated intravitreal injection of conbercept or laser photocoagulation therapy was given.The retinal blood vessels of the affected eyes were observed.Logistic stepwise regression analysis was used for the correlation test of multiple factors.Results Among 57 eyes,49eyes and 8 eyes were treated with 1 or 2 times of intravitreal injection of conbercept.After 24 weeks of treatment,in 57 eyes,26 eyes were cured (45.6%),22 eyes improved (38.6%),8 eyes relapsed (14.0%),and 1 eye aggravated (1.8%).The recurrence time was 12.9± 4.5 weeks after the first injection,and the corrected gestational age was 49.0±6.7 weeks.There were significant differences in initial injection time,lesion range among the cure,improved and recurrence eyes (F=5.124,7.122;P<0.01,< 0.01).Parameters of ROP condition,including ROP diagnosis (pre-threshold type 1,threshold and APROP),zone (zone 1 and 2),stage (stage 2 and 3) and plus lesions,were significant different among the cure,improved and recurrence eyes (x2=l 1.784,14.100,6.896,9.935;P<0.01,<0.01,<0.05,<0.01).Logistic stepwise regression analysis showed that the recurrence rate was correlated with ROP zone,more likely recurrence at zone 1 than zone 2 (Wald=9.879,OR=27.333,P=0.002).No injection-related complications such as endophthalmitis,cataract and glaucoma were found during treatment and follow-up period.Conclusions Intravitreal injection ofconbercept is effective in the treatment of ROP without obvious adverse reactions.Lesion zoning is associated with recurrence after treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746207

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the macular visual function of patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization (MCNV) before and after intravitreal injection of conbercept.Methods A prospective,uncontrolled and non-randomized study.From April 2017 to April 2018,21 eyes of 21 patients diagnosed as MCNV in Shanxi Eye Hospital and treated with intravitreal injection of conbercept were included in this study.There were 9 males (9 eyes,42.86%) and 12 females (12 eyes,57.14%),with the mean age of 35.1 ± 13.2 years.The mean diopter was-11.30 ± 2.35 D and the mean axial length was 28.93 ± 5.68 mm.All patients were treated with intravitreal injection of conbercept 0.05 ml (1+PRN).Regular follow-up was performed before and after treatment,and BCVA and MAIA micro-field examination were performed at each follow-up.BCVA,macular integrity index (MI),mean sensitivity (MS) and fixation status changes before and after treatment were comparatively analyzed.The fixation status was divided into three types:stable fixation,relatively unstable fixation,and unstable fixation.The paired-sample t-test was used to compare BCVA,MI and MS before and after treatment.The x2 test was used to compare the fixation status before and after treatment.Results During the observation period,the average number of injections was 3.5.The logMAR BCVA of the eyes before treatment and at 1,3,and 6 months after treatment were 0.87±0.32,0.68±0.23,0.52±0.17,and 0.61 ±0.57,respectively;MI were 89.38 ± 21.34,88.87 ± 17.91,70.59 ± 30.02,and 86.76 ± 15.09,respectively;MS were 15.32 ± 7.19,21.35 ± 8.89,23.98 ± 11.12,22.32 ± 9.04 dB,respectively.Compared with before treatment,BCVA (t=15.32,18.65,17.38;P<0.01) and MS (t=4.08,3.50,4.26;P<0.01) were significantly increased in the eyes 1,3,and 6 months after treatment.There was no significant difference in the MI of the eyes before treatment and at 1,3,and 6 months after treatment (t=0.60,2.42,2.58;P>0.05).Before treatment and at 1,3,and 6 months after treatment,the proportion of stable fixation were 28.57%,38.10%,38.10%,33.33%;the proportion of relatively unstable fixation were 47.62%,47.62%,52.38%,57.14% and the proportion of unstable fixation were 23.81%,14.28%,9.52%,9.52%,respectively.The proportion of stable fixation and relatively unstable fixation at 1,3 and 6 months after treatment were higher than that before treatment,but the difference was not statistically significant (x2=1.82,1.24,1.69;P>0.05).Conclusion BCVA and MS are significantly increased in patients with MCNV after intravitreal injection of conbercept.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746206

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety ofintravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) compared with photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of Chinese patients with predominantly classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) lesions secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).Methods A randomized,double-blind,multi-center phase-3 clinical trial lasting for 52weeks (from December 2011 to August 2014).Subjects were randomized in a 3:1 ratio to either IAI group or PDT-to-IAI group.Subjects in the IAI group received 2 mg IAI at baseline and at week 4,8,16,24,32,40,48,with sham injection at week 28,36.Subjects in the PDT-to-IAI group were forced to receive PDT once at baseline and more time at week 12,24 if PDT retreatment conditions were met.Sham injections were given in PDT-to-IAI group at baseline and at week 4,8,16 and 24,followed by 2 mg IAI at week 28,32,36,40,48.The primary outcome of efficacy were the change in mean Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) from baseline to week 28,and that of week 52.Safety evaluation included the percentage of subjects who suffered treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs).Results Among the 304 subjects enrolled,there were 228 and 76 cases in IAI group and PDT-to-IAI group respectively.At week 28,the changes of mean BCVA in IAI group,PDT-to-IAI group compared to baseline were +14.0,+3.9 letters,respectively.At week 52,the changes of mean BCVA in two groups were + 15.2,+8.9 letters respectively with the difference of +6.2 letters (95%CI 2.6-9.9,P=0.000 9).At week 52,the mean foveal retinal thickness in the two groups decreased by-189.6,-170.0 μm,respectively.Subjects with the most BCVA increase in IAI group were those aged <65,and those with active CNV lesion area <50% of total lesion area.The most common TEAEs in IAI group and PDT-to-IAI group are macular fibrosis [11.8% (27/228),6.6% (5/76)] and BCVA decline [6.6% (15/228),21.1% (16/76)].There were 3 cases of arterial thromboembolic events defined in the antiplatelet experimental collaboration group,but all were considered unrelated to interventions.Conclusions The efficacy of aflibercept is superior to that of PDT in nAMD patients in China.The therapeutic effect of aflibercept persisted to week 52 in all subjects.The rate of adverse events was consistent with the safety data of aflibercept known before.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746201

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofconbercept combined with 577 nm subthreshold micropulse laser photocoagulation on diabetic macular edema (DME).Methods A prospective randomized controlled clinical study.From June 2016 to June 2017,68 eyes of 68 patients with DME diagnosed in Central Theater Command General Hospital were enrolled in the study.The patients were randomly assigned to two different treatment groups:36 eyes (36 patients) in the conbercept combined with 577 nm subthreshold micropulse lase group (combined treatment group) and 32 eyes (32 patients) in conbercept group (drug treatment group).All patients received three initial intravitreous injection of conbercept and re-treatment was performed according to the criteria which has been disigned before.BCVA was measured by ETDRS charts.The central macular thickness (CMT),total macular volume (TMV) were measured by Topcon 3D-OCT 2000.The BCVA,CMT and TMV in the combined treatment group and the drug treatment group were 57.9 ± 12.4 letters,427.8± 129.4 μm,10.14± 1.50 mm3 and 59.0± 16.0 letters,441.0 ±135.7 μm,10.43 ±2.10 mm3,respectively.There was no significant difference (t=0.321,0.410,0.641;P=0.749,0.683,0.524).The follow-up period was more than 12 months.The changes of BCVA,CMT and TMV were compared between the two groups.Comparison ofBCVA,CMT,TMV before and after treatment in and between groups using repeated measures analysis of variance.Results The average annual injection times was 5.8 ± 1.9 in the combined treatment group and 8.5± 2.4 in the drug treatment group.The difference was statistically significant (t=5.12,P=0.000).The BCVA in the 3rd,6th,9th and 12th month were 64.9± 11.1,65.6± 10.5,67.0± 10.8,66.6± 10.7 letters and 65.7± 15.8,66.9 ± 15.7,66.4 ± 13.0,67.3 ± 16.4 letters,respectively,and there were significant differences compared with BCVA before treatment (F=34.234,10.137;P=0.000,0.000).The CMT were 335.2± 105.9,352.6± 106.6,336.2± 120.8,305.9±97.0 μm and 323.9±92.8,325.5±90.2,327.6± 108.2,312.2± 106.8 μm,respectively.The TMV were 9.20± 1.08,9.26± 1.20,9.20± 1.63,9.05± 1.18 mm3 and 9.19± 1.21,9.35± 1.69,9.09± 1.20,8.92± 1.10 mm3,respectively.Compared with the CMT (F=12.152,12.917;P=0.000,0.000) and TMV (F=11.198,11.008;P=0.000,0.000) before treatment,the differences were statistically significant.Conclusion Conbercept combined with 577 nm subthreshold micropulse laser and conbercept can effectively reduce CMT,TMV and improve BCVA in patients with DME,but combination therapy can reduce the injection times of conbercept.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746185

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the features of OCT angiography (OCTA) between neovascular agerelated macular degeneration (nAMD) and myopic ehoroidal neovascularization (mCNV) patients before and after intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment.Methods A prospective cohort study.Twenty-nine patients (37 eyes) with nAMD (19 males and 10 females,aged 68.20±8.76) and 31 patients (34 eyes) with mCNV (9 males and 22 females,aged 43.10± 11.80,with the mean diopter of-9.71 ± 1.20 D) from Department of Ophthalmology,West China Hospital of Sichuan University during May and December 2017 were included in this study.Ranibizumab or Conbercept (0.5 mg/0.05 ml) was intravitreally injected in all eyes.The patients were follow-up for 3-6 months.The OCTA was conducted before treatment and 1 day,1 week,1 month and 3-6 months after treatment.In order to ensure that the scanning position was the same,the tracking mode was adopted for each scanning.According to the OCTA images,the lesion area,parafoveal superficial vessel density and perfusion area were measured and analyzed contrastively between nAMD and mCNV patients.Results The mean lesion area before and 1 month after treatment in nAMD patients were 0.38± 1.87 mum2 and 0.06±0.12 mm2,while in mCNV patients,those were 0.26± 1.06 mm2 and 0.03 ± 0.05 mm2,respectively.There were statistically significant differences (Z=4.181,4.475;P<0.001) in CNV lesion area before and 1 month after treatment between nAMD and mCNV patients.Compared with those before treatment,the absolute change (Z=1.853,P=0.064) and the percentage changes (t=2.685,P=0.010) of CNV lesion area l month after treatment in nAMD and mCNV patients show a statistical meaning.There were significantly decreases in both parafoveal superficial vessel density (F=8.997,P=0.003) and perfusion area (F=7.887,P=0.015) 3 months after treatment in nAMD patients,while decreases in parafoveal superficial vessel density (F=11.142,P=0.004) and perfusion area (F=7.662,P=0.013) could be detected 1 day after treatment in mCNV patients,before rising 1 month after treatment.Conclusions There are significantly differences in lesion area before and after the treatment of intravitreal anti-VEGF between nAMD and mCNV patients by OCTA examination.Moreover,the changes of both parafoveal superficial vessel density and perfusion area after anti-VEGF treatment are statistically different in two groups.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746184

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess changes of blood flow density of idiopathic choroidal neovascularization (ICNV) treated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF).Methods Retrospective case analysis.Sixteen eyes of 16 patients with ICNV diagnosed with FFA and OCT were included in this study.Among them,12 were female and 4 were male.The mean age was 33.94±9.83 years.The mean course of diseases was 5.13 ±4.44 weeks.The BCVA,indirect ophthalmoscope,OCT and OCT angiography (OCTA) were performed at the first diagnosis in all patients.The BCVA was converted to logMAR.The macular fovea retinal thickness (CMT) was measured by OCT,and the selected area of CNV (CSA) and flow area of CNV (CFA) were measured by OCTA.The mean logMAR BCVA,CMT,CSA and CFA were 0.336±0.163,268.500±57.927 μm,0.651 ±0.521 mm2,0.327±0.278 mm2,respectively.All patients were treated with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR,10 mg/ml,0.05 ml).Follow-up results including the BCVA,fundus color photography,OCT and OCTA were obtained 1 month after treatment.To compare the changes ofBCVA,CMT,CSA,CFA of ICNV treated with anti-VEGF.Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between logMAR BCVA and CMT,CSA and CFA before and after the treatment.Results One month after treatment,the average logMAR BCVA,CMT,CSA and CFA were 0.176±0.111,232.500± 18.910 μm,0.420±0.439 mm2,0.215 ± 0.274 mm2.The mean logMAR BCVA (t=5.471,P< 0.001),CMT (t=2.527,P=0.023),CSA (t=4.039,P=0.001),CFA (t=4.214,P=0.001) significantly decreased at 1 month after injection compared to baseline,and the difference had statistical significance.The results of correlation analysis showed that the post-logMAR BCVA was moderately positively correlated with pre-CSA and post-CSA (r=0.553,0.560;P=0.026,0.024),and strongly correlated with pre-CFA and post-CFA (r=0.669,0.606;P=0.005,0.013),but not correlated with preCMT and post-CMT (r=0.553,0.560;P=0.026,0.024).Conclusion The blood flow density of ICNV measured by OCTA were significantly decreased in the treatment of anti-VEGF drugs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711948

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the one year efficacy of intravitreal injection with ranibizumb for macular edema (ME) secondary to ischemic and non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).Methods A total of 88 patients (88 eyes) with ME secondary to CRVO were enrolled in this retrospective study.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was detected by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Chart.The optical coherence tomography was used to measure the foveal retinal thickness (CRT) and macular edema volume.The patients were divided into non-ischemic group and ischemic group,44 eyes of 44 patients in each group.There was no significant differences in age (t=0.650,P=0.517) and gender (x2=0.436,P=0.509) between the two groups.Compared with the ischemic group,the CRT was significantly decreased in the non-ischemic group (t=-2.291,P=0.024),and the edema volume in the macular area was significantly reduced (t=-2.342,P=0.022).All eyes were treated with continuous intravitreal injection of ranibizumab three times,and repeated injections were performed as needed.The patients without obvious ME regression after treatment were combined with triamcinolone acetonide injection.The patients with peripheral retinal non-perfusion area were combined with peripheral retinal laser photocoagulation.The follow-up was 1 year.The number of injections was counted.The changes of BCVA,CRT and edema volume in the macular area were compared between the two groups.Results During the 1-year follow-up period,88 eyes were injected 1 to 10 times,with the mean of 4.51 ±2.33.The number of injections in the ischemic group and non-ischemic group were 4.55± 1.59 and 4.48 ± 2.91,respectively.There was no significant difference in the average number of injections between the two groups (t=0.136,P=0.892).The number of acetonide injections and laser treatment in the ischemic group was significantly higher than that in the non-ischemic group (t=3.729,9.512;P<0.001).At the last follow-up,compared with the ischemic group,the BCVA was increased (t=8.128),the CRT was decreased (t=-7.029) and the edema volume in the macular area was decreased (t=-7.213) in the non-ischemic group (P< 0.001).Conclusion Compared with ME secondary to ischemic CRVO,intravitreal injection of ranibizumab for ME secondary to non-ischemic CRVO has the better outcome of vision improvement and edema regression as well as less fiequent of acetonide injections and laser treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711947

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors on clinical response to conbercept for diabetic maeular edema (DME).Methods A total of 51 patients (51 eyes) with DME who underwent intravitreal injection of conbercept were included in this retrospective study.The general information (age,sex,body mass index,smoking history,drinking history),blood glucose indicators (duration of diabetes,fasting blood glucose,HbA 1 c),blood pressure indicators (history of hypertension,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure),lipid indicators [total cholesterol (TC),high-density lipoprotein (HDL),apolipoprotein A (APOA)],biochemical indicators [neutrophil concentration,hemoglobin (HB),serum creatinine (Scr)] were collected.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and macular central macular thickness (CMT) before and after treatment were comparatively analyzed.CMT reduced not less than 20% and BCVA increased by 2 lines as effective standards.Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the factors affecting the efficacy ofintravitreal injection ofconbercept in patients with DME.Results Univariate analysis showed that diastolic blood pressure,HDL,serum neutrophil concentration,baseline CMT and baseline BCVA were associated with edema regression (P< 0.05);HbA 1 c was associated with vision improvement (P< 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a history of smoking (OR=0.122,95% CI 0.017-0.887),low diastolic blood pressure (OR=0.850,95%CI 0.748-0.966),low HDL (OR=0.007,95%CI 0.000 1-0.440),thin baseline CMT (OR=0.986,95%CI 0.977-0.995) were independent risk factors for failure outcome of edema regression (P<0.05);long duration of diabetes (OR=1.191,95%CI 1.011-1.404),high APOA (OR=l.007,95% CI 1.000-1.013) were independent risk factors for failure outcome of vision improvement.Age,fasting blood glucose,systolic blood pressure,TC,HB,Scr and other indicators had no effect on the efficacy of edema regression and vision improvement after treatment (P> 0.05).Conclusions Smoking history,long duration of diabetes,low diastolic blood pressure,low HDL level,high APOA level and thin baseline CMT are independent risk factors for the treatment of DME with intravitreal injection of conbercept.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508329

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the baseline characteristics and visual outcomes after two years follow-up of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients treated with ranibizumb. Methods Forty-four eyes of 44 patients with exudative AMD were enrolled into this retrospective study, 19 were men and 25 were women. The mean age was 78 years (range 64–92 years). All patients were underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study), fundus color photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The mean BCVA was (50.36±14.43) letters, the mean central foveal thickness (CFT) was (291.95± 82.19)μm, and the fluorescence leakage area of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) was (7.61±5.84) mm2. All patients received three initial intravitreous injection of ranibizumb (IVR) and were retreated with monthly IVR when needed. The mean follow up time was 25.6 months (range 24–29 months). On 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after treatment, BCVA and OCT were repeated. On 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after treatment, FFA and ICGA were repeated. The change of BCVA, CFT and fluorescence leakage area of CNV were observed. The association of baseline characteristics and two year visual outcomes were analyzed. Results On 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after treatment, the BCVA were improved significantly (t=?1.89,?3.51,?4.61,?4.04,?5.77,?4.69;P0.05). Conclusion Two year visual outcomes of exudative AMD patients treated with ranibizumb is negative correlated with baseline BCVA and fluorescence leakage area of CNV, but not correlated with baseline CFT.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515373

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the visual acuity change in patients with different patterns of optical coherence tomography (OCT) of diabetic macular edema (DME) after intravitreal ranibizumab injection and/or laser photocoagulation.Methods A retrospective observational case series.Seventy patients (99 eyes) with DME were enrolled.Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was evaluated using the international vision test chart,and then convert the result to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR).According to the morphological characteristics of OCT,the DME was divided into 3 patterns,including diffuse macular edema (DRT),cystoid macular edema (CME) and serous neuroepithelial layer detachment.The average follow-up was (80.43 ± 74.89) days.The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the different treatments,including intravitreal ranibizumab injection group (group A,21 patients,25 eyes),intravitreal ranibizumab injection and laser photocoagulation group (group B,23 patients,26 eyes),laser photocoagulation group (group C,26 patients,48 eyes).The changes of absolute BCVA (ABCVA) and improved visual acuity were compared between different treatment groups and different OCT patterns.ABCVA =logMAR BCVA before treatment-logMAR BCVA after treatment.Improvement more than 0.3 of logMAR value was considered as improved visual acuity.Results There was no significant difference in ABCVA between different treatment groups (F=0.050,P>0.05).The improved visual acuity in group A and B were great than group C (x2=5.645,6.301;P<0.05).In group A,B and C,there was no significant difference in ABCVA and improved visual acuity between different OCT patterns (P>0.05).Improved visual acuity of DRT and CME eyes were higher in group A&B (70.59% and 50.00%) than in group C (26.47% and 14.29%),the difference was statistically significant (x2=5.075,4.453;P<0.05).Conclusions There is no obvious change of visual acuity in patients with different OCT patterns of DME after the same treatment by intravitreal ranibizumab injection and/or laser photocoagulation.The improved visual acuity is not consistent in same OCT patterns after different treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515247

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and compare the clinical efficacy between intravitreal conbercept injection and (or) macular grid pattern photocoagulation in treating macular edema secondary to non-ischemic branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).Methods Ninety eyes of 90 patients diagnosed as macular edema secondary to non-ischemic BRVO were enrolled in this study.Forty-eight patients (48 eyes) were male and 42 patients (42 eyes) were female.The average age was (51.25 ± 12.24) years and the course was 5-17 days.All patients were given best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure,slit lamp with preset lens,fluorescence fundus angiography (FFA) and optic coherent tomography (OCT) examination.The patients were divided into conbercept and laser group (group Ⅰ),laser group (group Ⅱ) and conbercept group (group Ⅲ),with 30 eyes in each group.The BCVA and central macular thickness (CMT) in the three groups at baseline were statistically no difference (F=0.072,0.286;P=0.930,0.752).Patients in group Ⅰ received intravitreal injection of 0.05 ml of 10.00 mg/ml conbercept solution (conbercept 0.5 mg),and macular grid pattern photocoagulation 3 days later.Group Ⅱ patients were given macular grid pattern photocoagulation.Times of injection between group Ⅰ and Ⅲ,laser energy between group Ⅰ and Ⅱ,changes of BCVA and CMT among 3 groups at 1 week,1 month,3 months and 6 months after treatment were compared.Results Patients in group Ⅰ and Ⅲ had received conbercept injections (1.20 ± 0.41) and (2.23 ± 1.04) times respectively,and 6 eyes (group Ⅰ) and 22 eyes (group Ⅲ) received 2-4 times re-injections.The difference of injection times between two groups was significant (P<0.001).Patients in group Ⅱ had received photocoagulation (1.43 ±0.63) times,9 eyes had received twice photocoagulation and 2 eyes had received 3 times of photocoagulation.The average laser energy was (96.05 ±2.34) μV in group Ⅰ and (117.41 ±6.85) μV in group Ⅱ,the difference was statistical significant (P=0.003).BCVA improved in all three groups at last follow-up.However,the final visual acuity in group Ⅰ and group Ⅲ were better than in group Ⅱ (t=4.607,-4.603;P<0.001) and there is no statistical significant difference between group Ⅲ and group Ⅰ (t=-0.802,P=0.429).The mean CMT reduced in all three groups after treating for 1 week and 1 month,comparing that before treatment (t=-11.855,-10.620,-10.254;P<0.001).There was no statistical difference of CMT between group Ⅰ and Ⅲ at each follow up (t=0.404,1.723,-1.819,-1.755;P=0.689,0.096,0.079,0.900).CMT reduction in group Ⅰ was more than that in group Ⅱ at 1 week and 1 month after treatments (t=-4.621,-3.230;P<0.001,0.003).The CMT in group Ⅲ at 3 month after treatment had increased slightly comparing that at 1 month,but the difference was not statistically significant (t=1.995,P=0.056).All patients had no treatment-related complications,such as endophthalmitis,rubeosis iridis and retinal detachment.Conclusions Intravitreal conbercept injection combined with macular grid pattern photocoagulation is better than macular grid pattern photocoagulation alone in treating macular edema secondary to non-ischemic BRVO.Combined therapy also reduced injection times comparing to treatment using conbercept injection without laser photocoagulation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515246

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of repeated intravitreal conbercept injection in patients with macular edema (ME) of retinal vein occlusion (RVO),guided by optic coherence tomography (OCT).Methods It is a retrospective case study.Forty patients (40 eyes) diagnosed as ME secondary to RVO were enrolled in this study.There were 19 males (19 eyes) and 21 females (21 eyes),with the mean age of (53.58 ± 13.19) years and the mean course of 1.5 months.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),indirect ophthalmoscopy,fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) and OCT were performed.The mean baseline of BCVA,central macular thickness (CMT) were 0.25 ± 0.18 and (509.48 ± 170.13) μm respectively.All the patients were treated with 10.00 mg/ml conbercept 0.05 ml (including conbercept 0.5 mg).Follow-up of these patients was 1 to 6 months after treatments,the BCVA,fundus manifestations,OCT were retrospectively observed by every month,the FFA was retrospectively observed by every 3 months.When there was retinal edema or CMT ≥ 50 μm by OCT during follow-up,those patients were retreated with intravitreal conbercept injection.The changes of the BCVA,CMT were evaluated before and after treatment.Meanwhile,complications in eyes related to medicine and treatment methods were evaluated too.Results At the 6 months,the BCVA was improved (increase≥2 lines) in 25 eyes (62.50%),stabilized (± 1 line) in 13 eyes (32.50%) and decreased 2 lines in 2 eyes (5.00%).Retinal hemorrhage and exudates were absorbed in most patients.FFA showed no fluorescein leakage in 1 1 eyes (27.50%),minor fluorescein leakage in 26 eyes (65.00%),and retinal capillary non-perfusion in 3 eyes (7.50%).OCT showed absorption of the subretinal fluid.The mean CMT were (235.20± 100.44) μm at 6 months.Intravitreal injection of conbercept was applied for 4 times in 8 eyes (20.00%),3 times for 18 eyes (45.00%),and 2 times for 14 eyes (35.00%).The mean number of intravitreal injection was 2.85 times.There were no ocular or systemic adverse events observed in all patients.Conclusion Intravitreal conbercept injection is an efficacy and safe treatment for the patients with ME of RVO guided by OCT.It can stabilize and improve the visual acuity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515245

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) for different patterns of optical coherence tomography (OCT) of diabetic macular edema and the relationship between integrity of ellipsoidal zone and visual acuity outcomes.Methods Eighty-five IVR treated eyes were enrolled.The examination of BCVA was according to Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study,and the results were recorded as logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR).Frequency-domain OCT was used to measure the central foveal thickness (CFT) and the integrity of ellipsoidal zone.All eyes were classified as diffuse macular edema (DRT group,31 eyes),cystoid macular edema (CME group,29 eyes),and serous retinal detachment (SRD group,25 eyes).All the patients were treated with intravitreal injection of 0.05 ml (0.5 mg) ranibizumab.The mean follow-up time was (9.21+3.56) months after IVR treatment.The changes of BCVA and CFT in 3 groups were compared and analyzed after 3,6 and 12 months.According to visual acuity at different ranges,the relationship between integrity of ellipsoidal zone and BCVA was analyzed.Results Compared with the average logMAR BCVA before treatment,except for 12 months after treatment in group SRD (t=2.104,P=0.053),the average logMAR BCVA after IVR at 3 months,6 months and 12 months improved in DRT group (t=7.847,6.771,6.426;P=0.000,0.000,0.000),CME group (t=8.560,6.680,5.082;P=0.000,0.000,0.000) and SRD group (t=5.161,3.968,2.104;P=0.000,0.001,0.053).The average logMAR BCVA of the DRT group was lesser than that in CME and SRD group after 12 months treatment (t=-2.043,-3.434;P=0.030,0.001).The average CFT after IVR at 3 months,6 months and 12 months reduced significantly in DRT group (t=12.746,10.687,9.425;P=0.000,0.000,0.000),CME group (t=13.400,11.460,10.169;P=0.000,0.000,0.000),and SRD group (t=1 1.755,10.100,9.173;P=0.000,0.000,0.000).After 12 months of treatment,the average CFT of the SRD group was thicker than that in DRT group and CME group (t=-3.251,-1.227;P=0.003,0.025);there was significant difference in the integrity of ellipsoidal zone among 3 groups (x2=1.267,P=0.531).The results showed that there were significant differences in the integrity of ellipsoidal zone with different ranges of BCVA before and after 12 months treatment (x2=20.145,41.035;P=0.000,0.000).Conclusions IVR could significantly improve the visual acuity of different patterns of DME,reduced the CFT,and had the best efficacy in the DRT group.There was relationship between the integrity of ellipsoidal zone and the visual acuity outcomes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515244

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab and bevacizumab in the treatment of pathological myopia choroidal neovascularization (PM-CNV).Methods It is a retrospective case study.Seventy-nine patients (79 eyes) with PM-CNV were enrolled in this study.There were 26 males (26 eyes) and 53 females (53 eyes),with the mean age of (30.77 ± 5.53) years.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure,slit lamp microscope,fundus color photography,fundus fluorescein angiography,and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed.BCVA was recorded as logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR).The central retinal thickness (CMT) was measured by OCT (Cirrus HDOCT).The eyes were divided into bevacizumab treatment group (38 eyes) and ranibizumab treatment group (41 eyes).There was no difference of the mean logMAR BCVA,intraocular pressure and CMT between two groups (t=-0.467,-1.983,1.293;P=0.642,0.051,0.200).The eyes in bevacizumab treatment group were treated with bevacizumab 0.05 ml (1.25 mg),and the eyes in ranibizumab treatment group were treated with ranibizumab 0.05 ml (0.5 rag).Times of injection between two groups were compared.The changes of intraocular pressure were observed at 1,7 days and 1 month after treatment.The changes of logMAR BCVA and CMT at 1,3,6,12 and 24 months after treatment and systemic adverse reactions occur were compared.Results At the 1,3,6,12 and 24 months after treatment,the mean logMAR BCVA of the bevacizumab treatment group and the ranibizumab treatment group was significantly improved than that before treatment (F=132.374,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the mean logMAR BCVA at different time points between the two groups (F=0.095,P=0.759).The mean CMT of the two groups was lower than that before treatment (F=151.653,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the mean CMT between the two groups (F=0.332,P=0.566).No retinal detachment,endophthalmitis,cataract and persistent high intraocular pressure were associated with drug,injection-related eye and systemic adverse events during follow-up.Seven eyes had conjunctiva bleeding after treatment,11 patients (11 eyes) complained of shadow floaters after treatment.Conclusion Intravitreal injection ofbevacizumab or ranibizumab can equally effectively improve the visual acuity and reduce the CMT of PM-CNV patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515243

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of intravitreal injection of conbercept for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP).Methods It is a retrospective case study.Twenty-one patients (40 eyes) with AP-ROP were enrolled in this study.There were 9 males (18 eyes) and 12 females (22 eyes),with the mean gestational age of (28.30±1.79) weeks and the mean birth weight of (1 021.40±316.70) g.All the lesions of 40 eyes were located in posterior zone,with 24 eyes in zone Ⅰ and 16 eyes in zone Ⅱ.All the eyes were treated with intravitreal injection of conbercept 0.025 ml (0.25 mg).During follow-up,nonresponders or patients with deterioration were retreated with intravitreal injection of conbercept or photocoagulation;patients with progressive deterioration to stage 4 had received vitrectomy.At the 1,2,4,8,12,16,20,24 weeks after treatments,the disappearance or decrease of retinal vessel tortuosity and neovascularization,and the growth of the normal retinal vessels toward the peripheral retina were evaluated.Results Thirty-six eyes were cured for only one injection,the cured rate was 90.00%.However,2 eyes (5.00%) had progressed to stage 4 with contractive retinal detachment,which underwent vitrectomy.Two eyes (5.00%) had received twice injections,whose remaining avascular zone area treated by photocoagulation.No major systemic or ocular complications after injection appeared.All lens remained transparent and no iatrogenic retinal hole was occurred during the follow-up.Conclusion Intravitreal injection ofconbercept is effective in the treatment of AP-ROP.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668916

ABSTRACT

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs,including monoclonal antibodies (such as bevacizumab and ranibizumab) and fusion protein agents (such as aflibercept and conbercept) have been clinically proven to be effective to treat exudative age-related macular degeneration AMD).However,there are still some patients do not or poorly respond to the initial anti-VEGF agents,usually after several injections,ophthalmologists may switch to another anti-VEGF agent.In general,switching of anti-VEGF agent is considered for recurrent AMD,AMD resistance to anti-VEGF treatments.Current switching protocols include the replacement of monoclonal antibodies with fusion protein agents,the replacement of fusion protein agents with monoclonal antibodies,the substitution of one monoclonal antibody with another one,and the replacement of monoclonal antibodies with fusion protein agents and switching back with monoclonal antibodies.However,current researches on the switching of anti-VEGF drugs for exudative AMD are mostly retrospective and single-arm studies,and there are some differences in the results of different studies.Therefore,for patients with exudative AMD who do not respond to or respond poorly to anti-VEGF drugs,the efficacy of switching of anti-VEGF drugs is uncertain right now.Switching ofanti-VEGF agents may improve the retinal anatomical outcome of the affected eye but may not necessarily improve visual acuity.Thus it is an option in the clinical practice to treat AMD.To determine the benefits of above mentioned switching regimens,randomized controlled clinical trials with large sample number and long study period will be needed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497166

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic response of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) differs among individuals.According to the changes of central retinal thickness,intraretinal fluid,subretinal fluid,best corrected visual acuity and other morphological or functional manifestations after treatment,the performance of the treated eyes can be classified as optimal response,poor response and non-response.A variety of factors could account for poor or non-response to anti-VEGF,such as genomic polymorphism and specific genomic risk alleles,lesion characteristics,vitreous and macular structural abnormalities,resistance to anti-VEGF drug,and the role of pericytes and others.The common counter measures include increasing the dosage,shortening the injection interval and replacing with another alternative drug,inhibition of pericytes,relieving vitreomacular anatomical abnormalities.It is still worthy of further exploration that how to assess individual reasons for non-response,so that we can give proper treatment to reduce the excessive use of anti-VEGF drugs and improve the clinical management of ocular neovascularization diseases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497158

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term efficacy of conbercept and ranibizumab for macular edema in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)and explore the relationship between the integrity of ellipsoidal zone and visual acuity.Methods Forty-four eyes of 44 patients with macular edema in CRVO were enrolled into this retrospective and comparative study.There were 15 eyes of 15 males,29 eyes of 29 females;age ranged from 49-61 years old,with an average age of (54.65±3.10) years.All patients were examined with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure (IOP),slit lamp,fundus photograph,fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA),optical coherence tomography(OCT).BCVA were examined with interactional visual chart and recorded with logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution acuity.Twenty-three eyes were intravitreal injected with conbercept 0.5 mg (group A) and 21 eyes were intravitreal injected with ranibizumab 0.5 mg (group B).There was no statistical difference of age (t =-1.41),gender (x2 =0.55),the percentage of hypertension patients (x2 =0.27),average BCVA (t =-2.06),IOP (t=-2.52),central macular thickness (CMT) (t=-1.96),number of different integrity of ellipsoidal zone patients (x2 =1.00) and number of different types of macular edema patients (x2 =1.03)among the two groups (P>0.05).The change in BCV.A.and CMT at 3,6 months between the two groups were compared.The relationship between BCVA at 6 months and BCVA,CMT at baseline were explored.The relationship between three groups of ellipsoidal zone and BCVA at baseline were evaluated.The change of BCVA after treatment between the three groups of ellipsoidal zone were Compared.The number of intravitreal injections between two groups was compared.Results During the 3,6 months after treatment,the mean BCVA were all improved with statistically difference in group A 0=5.13,7.39;P<0.05) and group B (t=6.60,11.52;P<0.05).There was no significant difference of BCVA at 3,6 moths between group A and group B (t=-0.99,-0.40;P>0.05).During the 3,6 months after treatment,the mean CMT were all decreased with statistically difference in group A (t=11.58,i5.96;P<0.05) and group B (t=18.77,35.16;P<0.05).There was no significant difference of CMT at 3,6 months between group A and group B (t=-1.52,-1.63;P>0.05).In both groups,BCVA at 6 months was related to BCVA at baseline (r=0.44,0.62;P<0.05),but not related to CMT at baseline (r=0.19,0.01;P>0.05).In the two groups,BCVA at baseline was related to the integrity of ellipsoidal zone (r=0.97,0.70;P<0.05).There was statistical difference of the number of intravitreal injections in the two groups (t =-6.88,P<0.05).There was no systemic or ocular serious side effects during the follow up.Conclusions Comparing to ranibizumab,conbercept has the same effective to the treatment of macular edema in CRVO,but the number of intravitreal injections is less.The integrity of ellipsoidal zone is related to BCVA.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497153

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical efficacy of vitrectomy with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) at different injection time for proliferative diabeticretinopathy (PDR).Methods This was a prospective,comparative,and randomized study.Ninety-seven eyes of 97 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to three different treatment groups:30 eyes (30 patients) in the preoperative IVR group,32 eyes (32 patients) in the intraoperative IVR group and 35 eyes (35 patients) in the no IVR injection group.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (F=0.18) and the grading of vitreous hemorrhage (x2 =1.39) before surgery did not differ significantly among the 3 groups,respectively (P > 0.05).All eyes enrolled underwent conventional 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).The preoperative IVR group received intravitreal 0.5 mg/0.05 ml ranibizumab injection 3 to 7 days before PPV,intraoperative IVR group received intravitreal 0.5 mg/0.05 ml ranibizumab injection at the end of PPV and non-drug injection group received PPV only.Postoperative BCVA,fundus color photography,optical coherence tomography examination was performed in all eyes at 1 week and 1,3,6,9,12 months after surgery.Early RVH was defined as RVH occurred within 1 week to 1 month postoperatively;while late RVH was defined as RVH occurred 1 month later after the operation.Results The mean BCVA were all improved among the 3 groups compared with the preoperative vision at 1 month after operation.At the beginning of 3 months after surgery,the average BCVA of the preoperative injection group and the intraoperative injection group tended to stable;while 3 eyes in the non-drug injection group began to decreased.There was no significant difference in average BCVA at 1,3 and 12 months of follow-up periods among the 3 groups (F=1.42,1.17,0.26;P>0.05).The incidences of early RVH were 16.7%,9.4%,28.6% in the preoperative injection group,intraoperative injection group,and non-drug injection group,respectively (x2 =5.12,P<0.05).The incidence of early RVH in the intraoperative injection group reduced compared to preoperative injection group and non-drug injection group (x2 =4.04,4.93;P<0.05).The incidences of late RVH were 13.3%,9.4%,14.3% in preoperative injection group,intraoperative injection group,and non-drug injection group,respectively (x2 =0.47,P>0.05).The average centeral foveal thickness (CFT) decreased among the 3 groups in different degrees at 1 month when compared with that of 1 week after operation and the decreasing was statistically significant (F=59.50,P<0.05).A subgroup pairwise analysis showed no significant difference of decreasing CFT in preoperative injection group compared with that of intraoperative injection group (t=0.23,P>0.05).The average CFT of the 3 groups had different degrees of thickening at 3,6,9,12 months after surgery,and the increasingof CFT among the 3 groups were not differ significantly (F=2.92,2.86,3.07,3.12;P>0.05).Conclusions The adjunctive use of IVR can reduce the incidence of early postoperative RVH in vitrectomy for PDR,decrease in macular thickness and obtain favorable visual recovery.The effect of preoperative IVR injection was slightly better than that of the intraoperative IVR injection.

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