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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 487-515, jul. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538020

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis L., commonly known as true myrtle, is a medicinal plant native to the Mediterranean area. Since ancient times, the inhabitant s of this area have been using it for its cultural and medicinal properties. Because of the vast diversity of biomolecules in its aerial parts, it exhibits several biological properties, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties. This review retrospect the research on the source, biological activities with empirical evidence, chemical composition, applications, and cellular targets of extracts and essential oils obtained from M. communis leaves, which provides a perspective for further studies on the applications and formulations of extract and EO of M. communis leaves. The efficacy of constituents' individually, in association with other bioactive constituents, or in combination with available commercial drugs would provide insights in to the development of these bio - actives as future drugs and their evolving future potential applications in the pharmaceutical, food, and aroma industries.


Myrtus communis L., comúnmente conocido como arrayán verdadero, es una planta medicinal originaria de la zona mediterránea. Desde la antigüedad, los habitantes de esta zona lo utilizan por sus propiedades culturales y medicinales. Debido a la gran div ersidad de biomoléculas en sus partes aéreas, exhibe varias propiedades biológicas, incluidas propiedades antioxidantes, antimicrobianas y anticancerígenas. Esta revisión retrospectiva de la investigación sobre la fuente, las actividades biológicas con evi dencia empírica, la composición química, las aplicaciones y los objetivos celulares de los extractos y aceites esenciales obtenidos de las hojas de M. communis , lo que brinda una perspectiva para futuros estudios sobre las aplicaciones y formulaciones de l os extractos y EO de M. communis . La eficacia de los componentes individualmente, en asociación con otros componentes bioactivos o en combinación con medicamentos comerciales disponibles proporcionaría información sobre el desarrollo de estos bioactivos co mo medicamentos futuros y sus futuras aplicaciones potenciales en las industrias farmacéutica, alimentaria y aromática


Subject(s)
Myrtus communis/pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Oils, Volatile/metabolism , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antifungal Agents , Antioxidants
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(1): e20230720, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529352

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Antioxidants have been considered a rational curative strategy to prevent and cure liver diseases involving oxidative stress. An acute obstructive jaundice rat model was established to investigate the in vivo hepatoprotective efficacy of Rosa pimpinellifolia L. METHODS: The experimental jaundice model was performed by binding the main bile duct in 25 male Sprague-Dawley rats. All rats were randomly divided into five groups: first group: laparotomy-sham-only, second group: biliary tract binding (control), and third, fourth, and fifth groups: treatment groups with 250, 500, and 750 mg/kg fruit extracts daily, respectively. RESULTS: Considering dosage, although there was no significant therapeutic effect in the 250 mg/kg of Rosa pimpinellifolia L. group, the best results were found in the 500 mg/kg dose group, while results in the 750 mg/kg dose group showed consistent correlation with proinflammatory response. With regard to biochemical parameters, lipid hydroperoxide level in the rat serum and liver tissue was significantly decreased in all treatment groups. Amadori products, which are one of the early markers of glycol-oxidative stress, showed statistical significance in the treatment. CONCLUSION: It was revealed that the antioxidant effect of Rosa pimpinellifolia L. was more prominent in the early stages of hepatic injury secondary to oxidative stress.

3.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390124, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533360

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the effect of gallic acid or its combination with glibenclamide on some biochemical markers and histology of the cornea of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. Methods: Following induction of diabetes, 24 male albino rats were divided into four groups of six rats each. Groups 1 and 2 (control and diabetic) received rat pellets and distilled water; group 3 (gallic acid) received rat pellets and gallic acid (10 mg/kg, orally) dissolved in the distilled water; and group 4 (gallic acid + glibenclamide) received rat pellets, gallic acid (10 mg/kg, orally), and glibenclamide (5 mg/kg, orally) dissolved in the distilled water. The treatments were administered for three months after which the rats were sacrificed after an overnight fast. Blood and sera were collected for the determination of biochemical parameters, while their eyes were excised for histology. Results: STZ administration to the rats induced insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, microprotenuria, loss of weight, oxidative stress, inflammation, and alteration of their cornea histology, which was abolished following supplementation with gallic acid or its combination with glibenclamide. Conclusions: The study showed the potentials of gallic acid and glibenclamide in mitigating systemic complication and histological changes in the cornea of diabetic rats induced with STZ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Glyburide/administration & dosage , Streptozocin/administration & dosage , Cornea/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus , Gallic Acid/administration & dosage
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390524, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533358

ABSTRACT

Purpose: We aimed to reveal the effects of rosmarinic acid (RA), which has come to the forefront with its antitumor and antioxidant properties in many studies recently in the ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line, on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR) signaling pathway in the presence of doxorubicin (DOX). Methods: Ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line (OVCAR3) and human skin keratinocyte cell line human skin keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) were used as control. (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) test was applied to determine the effect of RA and DOX on the proliferation of OVCAR3 and HaCaT cells. Bcl2 expression and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and western blot analysis were performed to determine the expression levels of the markers. Results: It was determined that RA (IC50 = 437.6 µM) and DOX (IC50 = 0.08 µM) have the ability to inhibit the proliferation of OVCAR3 cells and induce apoptosis in a 72-hour time and dose-dependent manner. Western blot showed that the expression level of Bcl-2 and EGFR in OVCAR3 cells was down-regulated by RA and DOX. Conclusions: Apoptosis in OVCAR3 cells can potentially be induced by RA via the EGFR pathway, and RA may be a potent agent for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , ErbB Receptors
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390924, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533354

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease which is categorized via destruction of joint cartilage and it also affects the various joints, especially knees and hips. Sinomenine active phytoconstituents isolated from the stem of Sinomenium acutum and already proof anti-inflammatory effect against the arthritis model of rodent. In this experimental protocol, we scrutinized the anti-osteoarthritis effect of sinomenine against monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced OA in rats. Methods: MIA (3 mg/50 µL) was used for inducing the OA in the rats, and rats received the oral administration of sinomenine (2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight) up to the end of the experimental study (four weeks). The body and organs weight were estimated. Aggrecan, C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type II collagen (CTX-II), glycosaminoglycans (GCGs), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), antioxidant, inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory mediators and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) were analyzed. Results: Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) boosted the body weight and reduced the heart weight, but the weight of spleen and kidney remain unchanged. Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of nitric oxide, MCP-1 and improved the level of aggrecan, IFN-γ and GCGs. Sinomenine remarkably upregulated the level of glutathione, superoxide dismutase and suppressed the level of malonaldehyde. It effectually modulated the level of inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators and significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of MMPs, like MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 and 13. Conclusions: Sinomenine is a beneficial active agent for the treatment of OA disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteoarthritis , Iodoacetic Acid , Hip Injuries , Inflammation , Knee Injuries
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254234, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364499

ABSTRACT

Due to the severe side effects revealed by most of the currently used antidiabetic medicines, search for finding new and safe drugs to manage diabetes is continued. Naphthoquinones possessing strong antioxidant properties have been employed as candidates for diabetes therapy. Present study is aimed at finding the antioxidant and hypoglycaemic potential of some novel derivatives of 2-phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones (PAN) including chloro, nitro, methyl and bromo (5a-d) derivatives synthesized by single pot experiment. Product crystals were purified by TLC and characterized by FT-IR. The antioxidant potential of the compounds was assayed through DPPH radical scavenging and reducing power activities noted as UV-vis. absorbance. The DPPH assay has showed the powerful antioxidant activity of nitro and bromo derivatives, while the nitro derivative showed the significant reduction potential towards FRAP assay. Hypoglycaemic potential of the compounds was studied in rat animal model. All synthesized compounds revealed better hypoglycaemic activity; however, the chloro-derivative exhibited the more potent hypoglycaemic activity showing about 43% reduction in the mean blood glucose levels of the treated animals. As the bioreduction of naphthoquinones may be influenced by changing its redox properties, it has been noticed that the e-donating resonance effect (+R) of 'chloro' group has shown the significant effects on biological activity through stabalization of its imine form which limits the potential of generation of free radicals during bioreduction of quinones and thus has been proposed as the reason of its hypoglycaemic activity. Future studies employing the properties of e-donating groups of PAN may optimize the drug-receptor interaction for better drug designing and drug development strategies against diabetes and also for the clinical trials.


Em razão dos graves efeitos colaterais causados pela maioria dos medicamentos antidiabéticos atualmente utilizados, continua a busca por novos medicamentos seguros para o controle do diabetes. As naftoquinonas, que possuem fortes propriedades antioxidantes, têm sido empregadas como candidatas à terapia do diabetes. O presente estudo visa encontrar o potencial antioxidante e hipoglicemiante de alguns novos derivados de 2-fenilamino-1,4-naftoquinonas (PAN), incluindo derivados de cloro, nitro, metil e bromo (5a-d) sintetizados por experimento em pote único. Os cristais do produto foram purificados por TLC e caracterizados por FT-IR. O potencial antioxidante dos compostos foi testado por meio de atividades de sequestro de radicais DPPH e redução de energia observada como absorção no UV-vis. O ensaio DPPH mostrou a poderosa atividade antioxidante dos derivados nitro e bromo, enquanto o derivado nitro mostrou o potencial de redução significativo para o ensaio FRAP. O potencial hipoglicêmico dos compostos foi estudado em modelo animal de rato. Todos os compostos sintetizados revelaram melhor atividade hipoglicemiante; no entanto, o derivado cloro apresentou atividade hipoglicêmica mais potente, com redução de 43% nos níveis médios de glicose no sangue dos animais tratados. Como a biorredução de naftoquinonas pode ser influenciada pela alteração de suas propriedades redox, notou-se que o efeito da doação eletrônica por ressonância (+R) do grupo "cloro" tem sido significativo na atividade biológica por meio da estabilização de sua forma imina, que limita o potencial de geração de radicais livres durante a biorredução de quinonas, e, portanto, tem sido proposto como a razão de sua atividade hipoglicemiante. Estudos futuros empregando as propriedades de grupos de doação eletrônica de PAN podem otimizar a interação droga-receptor para melhor planejamento de medicamentos e estratégias de desenvolvimento de medicamentos contra o diabetes e também para os ensaios clínicos.


Subject(s)
Rats , Models, Animal , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Development , Hypoglycemic Agents , Antioxidants
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469393

ABSTRACT

Abstract Due to the severe side effects revealed by most of the currently used antidiabetic medicines, search for finding new and safe drugs to manage diabetes is continued. Naphthoquinones possessing strong antioxidant properties have been employed as candidates for diabetes therapy. Present study is aimed at finding the antioxidant and hypoglycaemic potential of some novel derivatives of 2-phenylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones (PAN) including chloro, nitro, methyl and bromo (5a-d) derivatives synthesized by single pot experiment. Product crystals were purified by TLC and characterized by FT-IR. The antioxidant potential of the compounds was assayed through DPPH radical scavenging and reducing power activities noted as UV-vis. absorbance. The DPPH assay has showed the powerful antioxidant activity of nitro and bromo derivatives, while the nitro derivative showed the significant reduction potential towards FRAP assay. Hypoglycaemic potential of the compounds was studied in rat animal model. All synthesized compounds revealed better hypoglycaemic activity; however, the chloro-derivative exhibited the more potent hypoglycaemic activity showing about 43% reduction in the mean blood glucose levels of the treated animals. As the bioreduction of naphthoquinones may be influenced by changing its redox properties, it has been noticed that the e-donating resonance effect (+R) of chloro group has shown the significant effects on biological activity through stabalization of its imine form which limits the potential of generation of free radicals during bioreduction of quinones and thus has been proposed as the reason of its hypoglycaemic activity. Future studies employing the properties of e-donating groups of PAN may optimize the drug-receptor interaction for better drug designing and drug development strategies against diabetes and also for the clinical trials.


Resumo Em razão dos graves efeitos colaterais causados pela maioria dos medicamentos antidiabéticos atualmente utilizados, continua a busca por novos medicamentos seguros para o controle do diabetes. As naftoquinonas, que possuem fortes propriedades antioxidantes, têm sido empregadas como candidatas à terapia do diabetes. O presente estudo visa encontrar o potencial antioxidante e hipoglicemiante de alguns novos derivados de 2-fenilamino-1,4-naftoquinonas (PAN), incluindo derivados de cloro, nitro, metil e bromo (5a-d) sintetizados por experimento em pote único. Os cristais do produto foram purificados por TLC e caracterizados por FT-IR. O potencial antioxidante dos compostos foi testado por meio de atividades de sequestro de radicais DPPH e redução de energia observada como absorção no UV-vis. O ensaio DPPH mostrou a poderosa atividade antioxidante dos derivados nitro e bromo, enquanto o derivado nitro mostrou o potencial de redução significativo para o ensaio FRAP. O potencial hipoglicêmico dos compostos foi estudado em modelo animal de rato. Todos os compostos sintetizados revelaram melhor atividade hipoglicemiante; no entanto, o derivado cloro apresentou atividade hipoglicêmica mais potente, com redução de 43% nos níveis médios de glicose no sangue dos animais tratados. Como a biorredução de naftoquinonas pode ser influenciada pela alteração de suas propriedades redox, notou-se que o efeito da doação eletrônica por ressonância (+R) do grupo cloro tem sido significativo na atividade biológica por meio da estabilização de sua forma imina, que limita o potencial de geração de radicais livres durante a biorredução de quinonas, e, portanto, tem sido proposto como a razão de sua atividade hipoglicemiante. Estudos futuros empregando as propriedades de grupos de doação eletrônica de PAN podem otimizar a interação droga-receptor para melhor planejamento de medicamentos e estratégias de desenvolvimento de medicamentos contra o diabetes e também para os ensaios clínicos.

8.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 50(6)dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550793

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the impact of COVID-19 on vitamin E concentrations and oxidative stress in patients affected by the disease. Method: We conducted a systematic review using observational studies published between 2020 and 2023, which addressed the impact of COVID-19 on vitamin E concentrations and oxidative stress in patients affected by the disease. Review articles, clinical trials, letters to the editor, as well as studies conducted with pregnant women, animals and/or in vitro tests, and in languages other than English were excluded from this search. Studies were selected through a literature search in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science, from October 2022 to May 2023. Results: Three articles were included in this review, consisting of patients with mild to severe symptoms, including those hospitalized in the intensive care unit. The reduction in vitamin E concentrations was in all studies accompanied by a reduction in enzymes involved in antioxidant action, such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase. In parallel to this, studies showed elevated concentrations of lipid peroxidation markers, such as malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase. Conclusion: Infection with the SARS-COV-2 alters the activity of antioxidant cells and free radical defense agents.


Objetivo: Determinar el impacto del COVID-19 sobre las concentraciones de vitamina E y el estrés oxidativo en pacientes afectados por la enfermedad. Método: Se trata de una Revisión Sistemática, realizada mediante una prospección de estudios observatorios publicados entre 2020 y 2023, que abordaron el impacto de la COVID-19 sobre las concentraciones de vitamina E y el estrés oxidativo en pacientes afectados por la enfermedad. Se excluyeron de esta búsqueda artículos de revisión, ensayos clínicos, cartas al editor, así como estudios realizados con mujeres embarazadas, animales y/o ensayos in vitro, y en idiomas distintos al inglés. Los estudios se seleccionaron mediante una búsqueda bibliográfica en las siguientes bases de datos electrónicas: PubMed, Science Direct y Web of Science, desde octubre de 2022 hasta mayo de 2023. Resultados: Se incluyeron tres artículos en esta revisión, que consistían en pacientes con síntomas de leves a graves, incluidos los hospitalizados en la unidad de terapia intensiva. La reducción de las concentraciones de vitamina E se acompañó en todos los estudios de una reducción de las enzimas implicadas en la acción antioxidante, como la superóxido dismutasa, la glutatión peroxidasa y la glutatión reductasa. Paralelamente, los estudios mostraron concentraciones elevadas de marcadores de peroxidación lipídica, como el malondialdehído y la mieloperoxidasa. Conclusiones: La infección por el virus del SARS-CoV-2 altera la actividad de las células antioxidantes y de los agentes de defensa contra los radicales libres.

9.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550876

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ejercicio físico puede generar especies reactivas de oxígeno que dañan componentes celulares esenciales, como la fatiga. Los flavonoides, debido a su baja toxicidad y actividad antioxidante, se han estudiado como potenciales suplementos alimenticios para mejorar el rendimiento deportivo. Objetivo: Describir la evidencia científica que se ha obtenido sobre la eficacia del uso de flavonoides como suplementos para mejorar el rendimiento físico deportivo. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sobre la eficacia del uso de flavonoides como suplementos para el rendimiento físico y deportivo en las bases de datos PubMed y Google Scholar. Se utilizaron las palabras clave: flavonoid, supplementation, sport, exercise, fatigue, muscle, fats, physical activity, y se tomaron en cuenta los artículos publicados entre los años 2018 y 2022, en idioma inglés que cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Resultados: Los flavonoides son capaces de disminuir la fatiga debido al esfuerzo físico en un contexto deportivo, principalmente debido a su capacidad de regular la actividad de agentes antioxidantes endógenos como las enzimas superóxido dismutasa, catalasa y glutatión peroxidasa, que se encargan de la neutralización de las especies reactivas de oxígeno. Además, son capaces de favorecer la neutralización de metabolitos tóxicos que se generan durante el ejercicio y de aumentar las reservas energéticas (glicógeno en el hígado y músculos) y la resistencia muscular. Conclusiones: Existe evidencia científica de que los flavonoides son capaces de mejorar el rendimiento físico deportivo principalmente al disminuir la fatiga e incrementar la resistencia muscular.


Introduction: Physical exercise can generate reactive oxygen species that damage essential cellular components, such as fatigue. Flavonoids, due to their low toxicity and antioxidant activity, have been studied as potential dietary supplements to improve sports performance. Objective: To describe the scientific evidence that has been obtained on the efficacy of the use of flavonoids as supplements to improve sports physical performance. Methods: A search was carried out, in PubMed and Google Scholar databases, on the efficacy of the use of flavonoids as supplements for physical and sports performance. The keywords were used flavonoid, supplementation, sport, exercise, fatigue, muscle, fats, physical activity. Articles published from 2018 to 2022, in English, that met the selection criteria were taken into account. Results: Flavonoids are capable of reducing fatigue due to physical exertion in a sports context, mainly due to their ability to regulate the activity of endogenous antioxidant agents such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes, which are responsible for the neutralization of reactive oxygen species. In addition, they are capable of favoring the neutralization of toxic metabolites that are generated during exercise and of increasing energy reserves (glycogen in the liver and muscles) and muscular resistance. Conclusions: There is scientific evidence that flavonoids are capable of improving sports physical performance, mainly by reducing fatigue and increasing muscular resistance.

10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 60(4)dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550855

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Periodontitis is a pandemic, with about 14 percent of people worldwide already suffering from severe periodontitis. Early intervention in the disease could probably reduce its progression and eliminate the need for the extraction of affected teeth. Quercetin is a probable candidate as it has exemplary anti-inflammatory properties. The presence of phenolic hydroxyl groups in them greatly contributes to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Objectives: The study introduces the formulation of Quercetin mouthwash and assesses its anti-inflammatory properties in comparison to Diclofenac sodium. Methods: Quercetin mouthwash was prepared using a commercially procured bioactive agent. One standard nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Diclofenac was used as a reference drug. The percentage inhibition of protein denaturation was calculated and its anti-inflammatory properties were evaluated through Bovine Serum Albumin Assay and Egg Albumin Assay. Results: Quercetin mouthwash showed parallel anti-inflammatory properties and showed a proportionate increase in anti-inflammatory properties with the increase in the concentration of the mouthwash. Comparable inhibition of protein denaturation at 10µl and 50µl concentrations with a proportionate variation of 1 percent (p>0.05) to the control in Egg Albumin Assay and 47 percent and 83 percent denaturation at 10µl and 50µl of Bovine Serum Albumin Assay were observed. Conclusion: Quercetin mouthwash has shown significant anti-inflammatory activity and hence is considered a potent anti-inflammatory agent comparable to Diclofenac sodium. It is found to be a suitable agent as an oral formulation for reducing the progression of inflammatory conditions(AU)


Introducción: La periodontitis es una pandemia, ya que alrededor del 14 por ciento de las personas en todo el mundo padecen periodontitis grave. Una intervención precoz en la enfermedad podría, probablemente, reducir su progresión y eliminar la necesidad de extraer los dientes afectados. La quercetina es un candidato probable, ya que tiene propiedades antiinflamatorias ejemplares. Su presencia de grupos hidroxilos fenólicos contribuye en gran medida a sus actividades antioxidantes y antiinflamatorias. Objetivos: El estudio presenta la formulación del colutorio de quercetina y evalúa sus propiedades antiinflamatorias en comparación con el diclofenaco sódico. Métodos: Se preparó un colutorio de quercetina, utilizando un agente bioactivo obtenido comercialmente. Se utilizó como fármaco de referencia un antiinflamatorio no esteroideo estándar, el diclofenaco. Se calculó el porcentaje de inhibición de la desnaturalización de proteínas y se evaluaron sus propiedades antiinflamatorias mediante ensayo con albúmina de suero bovino y con albúmina de huevo. Resultados: El colutorio de quercetina mostró propiedades antiinflamatorias paralelas y mostró un aumento proporcional de las propiedades antiinflamatorias con el aumento de la concentración del colutorio. Se observó una inhibición comparable de la desnaturalización de proteínas a concentraciones de 10µl y 50µl con una variación proporcional del 1 por ciento (p > 0,05), respecto al control en el ensayo de albúmina de huevo y una desnaturalización del 47 por ciento y 83 por ciento a 10µl y 50µl del ensayo de albúmina de suero bovino. Conclusiones: El enjuague bucal de quercetina ha mostrado una actividad antiinflamatoria significativa, por lo que se considera un potente agente antiinflamatorio comparable al diclofenaco sódico. Se considera un agente adecuado como formulación oral para reducir la progresión de las afecciones inflamatorias(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Oral Health , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Mouthwashes/administration & dosage
11.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(17)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515622

ABSTRACT

Desde la antigüedad se buscaba la "panacea de la juventud", la alquimia estuvo enfocada en ello y actualmente, estando en el ámbito educativo, se tiene la oportunidad de dar a conocer los productos alimenticios que tienen esa cualidad de ser antioxidantes y retardar el envejecimiento. Objetivo. Evaluar la oxidación celular y su relación con el consumo de alimentos antioxidantes en estudiantes universitarios de Pre grado de la Universidad Nacional de Educación Enrique Guzmán y Valle. Lima, Perú. Materiales y Métodos. La investigación fue de tipo descriptivo explicativo con nivel relacional. La población estuvo conformada por estudiantes de la Facultad de Educación, y por muestreo aleatorio fueron considerados a 36 estudiantes del IX Ciclo, asumiendo que tienen la formación y competencias adecuadas, para salir al mercado laboral después de un ciclo de estudios académicos. Resultados. Se obtuvo que el 94.4 % si sabe que es oxidación celular, el 83.3 % sabe que es un antioxidante y el 88.8 % conoce la importancia del consumo de antioxidantes naturales entre los cuales la naranja es la más conocida por el contenido de antioxidantes, seguido de espinaca, col morada, uva negra, vino tinto y maíz morado. Conclusiones. Los estudiantes universitarios, consumen a diario fruta fresca de la estación, seguido de verduras con carotenos (color naranja) y frutos con licopeno de color rojo.


Since ancient times the "panacea of youth" was sought, alchemy was focused on it and nowadays, being in the educational field, we have the opportunity to make known the food products that have the quality of being antioxidants and delay aging. Objective. To evaluate cellular oxidation and its relationship with the consumption of antioxidant foods in undergraduate university students of the Universidad Nacional de Educación Enrique Guzmán y Valle. Lima, Peru. Materials and Methods. The research was descriptive and explanatory with a relational level. The population consisted of students of the Faculty of Education, and by random sampling 36 students of the IX Cycle were considered, assuming that they have adequate training and competencies to enter the labor market after a cycle of academic studies. Results. It was obtained that 94.4 % know what cellular oxidation is, 83.3 % know what an antioxidant is and 88.8 % know the importance of the consumption of natural antioxidants among which orange is the most known for its antioxidant content, followed by spinach, purple cabbage, black grape, red wine and purple corn. Conclusions. University students consume fresh seasonal fruit daily, followed by vegetables with carotenes (orange color) and fruits with red lycopene.


Desde a antiguidade se buscava a "panaceia da juventude", a alquimia se debruçava sobre ela e hoje, estando no campo educacional, temos a oportunidade de dar a conhecer os produtos alimentícios que têm a qualidade de serem antioxidantes e retardarem o envelhecimento. Objetivo. Avaliar a oxidação celular e sua relação com o consumo de alimentos antioxidantes em estudantes universitários de graduação da Universidade Nacional de Educação Enrique Guzmán y Valle. Lima, Peru. Materiais e métodos. A pesquisa foi descritiva e explicativa com um nível relacional. A população foi formada por alunos da Faculdade de Educação e, por amostragem aleatória, foram considerados 36 alunos do IX Ciclo, supondo-se que eles tenham a formação e as competências adequadas para sair para o mercado de trabalho após um ciclo de estudos acadêmicos. Resultados. Obteve-se que 94,4 % sabem o que é oxidação celular, 83,3 % sabem o que é um antioxidante e 88,8 % sabem a importância do consumo de antioxidantes naturais, entre os quais a laranja é a mais conhecida por seu conteúdo antioxidante, seguida por espinafre, repolho roxo, uvas pretas, vinho tinto e milho roxo. Conclusões. Os estudantes universitários consomem diariamente frutas frescas da estação, seguidas de vegetais com caroteno (cor laranja) e frutas com licopeno vermelho.

12.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(17)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515634

ABSTRACT

El creciente aumento de daños visuales como, ha llevado a científicos y especialistas a realizar ensayos clínicos con pacientes vulnerables, usando alimentos con nutrientes específicos que aportan al cuidado de las estructuras del globo ocular, pues la nutrición de este órgano se obtiene directamente de la sangre. Objetivo. Analizar los ensayos clínicos con vigencia de 9 años sobre antioxidantes, betacarotenos y otras vitaminas para la prevención de enfermedades oculares. Metodología. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica bajo con un análisis de 40 artículos, tesis y libros sobres la relación entre la nutrición y el cuidado primario de las estructuras oculares, esto se realizó en tres momentos, búsqueda, clasificación y sistematización de las fuentes. Conclusión. Se confirmó que del 50% de los pacientes que ingirieron placebo no mejoraban su condición anatomo fisiológica en relación aquellos pacientes que sí ingirieron nutrientes y vitaminas específicas, los mismos, mejoraron en un 30% el nivel de agudeza visual. La promoción y prevención como cuidado primario en salud visual es importante y se demuestran los altos porcentajes de buena salud visual en aquellos pacientes que durante su vida tuvieron hábitos alimenticios correctos y nutrición equilibrada, además de ser menormente propensos a adquirir problemas degenerativos visuales, aun teniendo antecedentes hereditarios.


The increasing increase in visual damage has led scientists and specialists to conduct clinical trials with vulnerable patients, using foods with specific nutrients that contribute to the care of the structures of the eyeball, since the nutrition of this organ is obtained directly from the blood. Objective. To analyze 9 years of clinical trials on antioxidants, beta-carotene and other vitamins for the prevention of ocular diseases. Methodology. A bibliographic review was carried out with an analysis of 40 articles, theses and books on the relationship between nutrition and primary care of the ocular structures, this was done in three moments, search, classification and systematization of the sources. Conclusion. It was confirmed that 50% of the patients who ingested placebo did not improve their anatomo-physiological condition in relation to those patients who ingested specific nutrients and vitamins, they improved their visual acuity level by 30%. The promotion and prevention as primary care in visual health is important and the high percentages of good visual health are demonstrated in those patients who during their life had correct eating habits and balanced nutrition, besides being less prone to acquire visual degenerative problems, even if they have hereditary antecedents.


O crescente aumento dos danos visuais tem levado cientistas e especialistas a realizarem ensaios clínicos com pacientes vulneráveis, utilizando alimentos com nutrientes específicos que contribuem para o cuidado das estruturas do globo ocular, uma vez que a nutrição desse órgão é obtida diretamente do sangue. Objetivo. Analisar 9 anos de ensaios clínicos sobre antioxidantes, betacaroteno e outras vitaminas para a prevenção de doenças oculares. Metodologia. Foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica com análise de 40 artigos, teses e livros sobre a relação entre nutrição e cuidados primários das estruturas oculares, em três etapas: busca, classificação e sistematização das fontes. Conclusões. Confirmou-se que 50% dos pacientes que ingeriram placebo não melhoraram sua condição anátomo-fisiológica em relação aos pacientes que ingeriram nutrientes e vitaminas específicas, os mesmos pacientes melhoraram seu nível de acuidade visual em 30%. A promoção e a prevenção como cuidados primários na saúde visual são importantes e as altas porcentagens de boa saúde visual são demonstradas naqueles pacientes que, durante sua vida, tiveram hábitos alimentares corretos e nutrição balanceada, além de serem menos propensos a adquirir problemas degenerativos visuais, mesmo que tenham antecedentes hereditários.

13.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(4): 62-71, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1520328

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effect of antioxidant solutions on fracture strength and bonding performance in non-vital and bleached (38% hydrogen peroxide) teeth. One hundred and eighty dentin specimens were obtained, 60 for each test: fracture strength, hybrid layer thickness, and bond strength. The groups (n=10) were randomly composed according to post-bleaching protocol: REST - restoration, without bleaching; BL - bleaching + restoration; SA - bleaching, 10% sodium ascorbate solution, and restoration; AT - bleaching, 10% α-tocopherol solution, and restoration; CRAN - bleaching, 5% cranberry solution, and restoration; CAP - bleaching, 0.0025% capsaicin solution, and restoration. Data were analyzed with ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn, and Qui-Square tests (α=0.05). The highest fracture strength values were observed in REST (1508.96 ±148.15 N), without significant difference for the bleached groups (p>0.05), regardless of the antioxidant use. The hybrid layer thickness in the group that was not subjected to bleaching (REST) was significantly higher than in any other group. The bond strength in the bleached and antioxidants-treated groups (SA, AT, CRAN, CAP) has no differences with the bleached group without antioxidants (BL). Adhesive failures were predominant in the groups that did not receive the antioxidant application. In conclusion, the evaluated antioxidants did not show an effect on the fracture strength, hybrid layer thickness, or bond strength of dentin bleached after endodontic treatment. The application of 10% sodium ascorbate, 10% alpha-tocopherol, 5% cranberry, or 0.0025% capsaicin solutions is not an effective step and should not be considered for the restorative protocols after non-vital bleaching.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de soluções antioxidantes na resistência à fratura e resistência de união em dentes tratados endodonticamente e clareados (38% de peróxido de hidrogênio). Cento e oitenta espécimes de dentina foram obtidos, 60 para cada teste: resistência à fratura, espessura da camada híbrida e resistência de união. Os grupos (n=10) foram compostos aleatoriamente de acordo com o protocolo pós-clareamento: REST - restauração, sem clareamento; BL - clareamento + restauração; SA - clareamento, solução de ascorbato de sódio a 10% e restauração; AT - clareamento, solução de α-tocoferol a 10% e restauração; CRAN - clareamento, solução de cranberry a 5% e restauração; CAP - clareamento, solução de capsaicina 0,0025% e restauração. Os dados foram analisados ​​com os testes ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn e Qui-Quadrado (α=0,05). Os maiores valores de resistência à fratura foram observados em REST (1508,96 ±148,15 N), sem diferença significativa para os grupos clareados (p>0,05), independente do uso de antioxidantes. A espessura da camada híbrida no grupo que não foi submetido ao clareamento (REST) foi significativamente maior do que em qualquer outro grupo. A resistência de união nos grupos clareado e tratado com antioxidantes (SA, AT, CRAN, CAP) não apresentou diferenças com o grupo branqueado sem antioxidantes (BL). As falhas adesivas foram predominantes nos grupos que não receberam a aplicação do antioxidante. Em conclusão, os antioxidantes avaliados não mostraram efeito sobre a resistência à fratura, espessura da camada híbrida ou resistência de união à dentina clareada após tratamento endodôntico. A aplicação de soluções de ascorbato de sódio 10%, alfa-tocoferol 10%, cranberry 5% ou capsaicina 0,0025% não é uma etapa eficaz e não deve ser considerada para os protocolos restauradores após clareamento não vital.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219459

ABSTRACT

Aim: This experiment was designed to study the effects of using garlic-composite leaf meals produced from four (4) different leaves and garlic: bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina), scent leaf (Ocimum gatissimum), Neem leaf (Azadirachta indica), Moringa leaf (Moringa oleifera) and Garlic (Allium sativum) as a premix in the diets of growing pigs. The leaves and garlic were air dried, milled and sieved separately. Thereafter the leaves and garlic were mixed in the ratio of 4 (Vernonia amygdalina): 3 (Moringa oleifera): 1 (Ocimum gatissimum): 1 (Azadirachta indica) and 1 (Allium sativum) to produce the garlic-composite tropical leaf meals. Individual leaves and their composite mix were analyzed for proximate, mineral, antioxidant and the phytochemical components of the leaves were determined using GCMS and other standard methods. Methodology: Eighteen large white weaner-pigs of eight weeks were allocated in a completely randomized design for this experiment comprising three treatments and three replicates with two pigs per replicate. The average weight of the pigs were 13 kg. Basal diet were formulated and subdivided into three portions in which garlic-composite leaf meals were fed at 0g/kg, 10g/kg, and 20g/kg were used as an additives to the diets of weaner pigs and the diets were designated as I, II and III respectively. The pigs were then assigned to these 3 dietary treatments which were fed to the pigs at 5% of their body weight for 12 weeks experimental period. Water was supplied ad libitum throughout the experimental period. All data were subjected to analysis of variance. Results: Dietary inclusion of GCLM on haematology, serum biochemistry indices and antioxidants significantly (P<0.05) affected the Packed Cell Volume (%), Mean Corpuscular Volume (fl) Lymphocytes (%), Granulocytes (%), Alanine aminotransferase (IU/L), Aspartate aminotransferase (IU/L), Total Protein (g/l) and catalase (Ku) of the experimental pigs. Conclusions: It could be concluded within the limit of this study, that garlic-composite leaf meals had high nutrient potentials for pigs and could completely help growing pigs to improve in body weight as the composite leaf meals increases in pig diets.

15.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551107

ABSTRACT

The industrialization of papaya generates a large amount of organic waste, which is rich in antioxidant compounds, especially carotenoids. The purpose of the present article was to study the influence of carotenoid pigments extracted from the papaya epicarp as a partial substitute for nitrites in Frankfurt sausages. Four concentrations of lipid extract of papaya epicarp were analyzed in said sausages. While the control sample had 0 % substitution, 25 %, 50 % and 75 % substitution of nitrite was added to the other samples. The sausages were kept at 6 ± 2 °C for 30 days. The chemical composition, pH, water holding capacity, water activity, emulsion stability, color coordinates, texture profile and sensory appearance were analyzed, and for the sausage that presented the best physicochemical parameters, the stability in the time at 0, 10, 20 and 30 days of storage. It was obtained that adding the papaya epicarp extract to a concentration of 25 % did not affect the physicochemical parameters. In addition, the texture and color characteristics, as well as the sensory evaluation showed the best results for said concentration, guaranteeing stability up to a period of 30 days of storage under vacuum packing conditions and under refrigeration (6 ± 2 °C). A new alternative is proposed to minimize the negative action of nitrites in analyzed Frankfurt sausages, replacing them with antioxidant compounds obtained from a raw material of vegetable origin.


La industrialización de la papaya genera residuos orgánicos, ricos en compuestos antioxidantes, especialmente, en carotenoides. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue estudiar la influencia de los pigmentos carotenoides extraídos de epicarpio de la papaya, como sustituto parcial de los nitritos en salchichas Frankfurt. En dichos embutidos, se analizaron cuatro concentraciones de extracto lipídico de epicarpio de papaya; mientras que la mezcla control tenía 0 % de sustitución, se añadió 25, 50 y 75 % de reemplazo de nitrito a las otras muestras. Las salchichas se mantuvieron a 6 ± 2 °C durante 30 días. Se analizó la composición química, el pH, la capacidad de retención de humedad, la actividad de agua, la estabilidad de la emulsión, las coordenadas de color, el perfil de textura y la apariencia sensorial y para el embutido que presentó los mejores parámetros fisicoquímicos, la estabilidad en el tiempo a 0, 10, 20 y 30 días de almacenamiento. Se obtuvo que la adición del extracto de epicarpio de papaya a una concentración del 25 % no afectó los parámetros fisicoquímicos. Además, las características de textura y color, así como la evaluación sensorial, mostraron los mejores resultados para dicha concentración, garantizando la estabilidad, hasta un periodo de 30 días de almacenamiento, en condiciones de envasado al vacío y en refrigeración (6 ± 2°C). Se propone una nueva alternativa para minimizar la acción negativa de los nitritos en las salchichas Frankfurt, sustituyéndolos por compuestos antioxidantes, obtenidos a partir de una materia prima de origen vegetal.

16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551109

ABSTRACT

Los carotenoides son pigmentos orgánicos que el organismo no puede sintetizar y deben ser suministrados en la dieta humana. Este artículo de revisión tiene por objetivo abordar la ruta carotenogénica y los pigmentos predominantes en la pulpa de cucurbitáceas, siendo una de las hortalizas con mayor contenido de carotenoides, de tonalidades amarillo y naranja. Se recopiló literatura relevante sobre la temática proveniente de libros y de artículos científicos, identificando que el género Cucurbita, por ser de naturaleza alógama, expresa alta variabilidad fenotípica y genotípica, que es afectada por el ambiente y, ello, supone alta variabilidad en la composición de carotenoides del fruto, tanto cuantitativa como cualitativamente. Los carotenoides son los responsables de dar color característico a las flores y a los frutos; los apocarotenoides son conocidos por dar aromas, fragancias y sabores. El almacenamiento y la biosíntesis de los carotenoides se genera en los plastidios, estos pigmentos se pueden sintetizar por la ruta del metileritritol difosfato (MEP) hasta licopeno, donde se bifurca a α-caroteno y ß-caroteno y, posteriormente, mediante hidroxilaciones, se generan las xantofilas. Su importancia en la acumulación de carotenoides en frutos radica en las múltiples funciones y beneficios en plantas, animales y humanos, como fotoreceptores y fotoprotectores de luz, colorantes agroindustriales, antioxidantes, reducción de enfermedades crónicas, precursores de vitamina A, entre otros beneficios, cabe destacar el alto contenido de carotenos totales en cucurbitáceas encontrándose en Cucurbita moschata más de 600 µg/g en genotipos mejorados.


Carotenoids are organic pigments that the body cannot synthesize and must be supplied in the human diet. This review article aims to approach the carotenogenic route and the predominant pigments in the fruits of Cucurbits, as this is one of the vegetables with the highest content of carotenoids of yellow and orange tones. Relevant literature on the subject was collected from scientific books and articles, identifying that the genus Cucurbita, being cross-pollinated in nature, expresses high phenotypic and genotypic variability, which is affected by the environment and, this implies high variability in the carotenoid composition of the fruit, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Carotenoids are responsible for giving characteristic color to flowers and fruits, apocarotenoids are known to give aromas, fragrances, and flavors. The biosynthesis and storage of carotenoids are generated in the plastids, the pathway of methylerythritol diphosphate (MEP) to lycopene can synthesize these pigments where it bifurcates to α-carotene and ß-carotene and later, by hydroxylations, xanthophylls are generated. Its importance in the accumulation of carotenoids in fruits lies in the multiple functions and benefits in plants, animals, and humans as photoreceptors and photoprotectors of light, agroindustrial colorants, antioxidants, reduction of chronic diseases, precursors of vitamin A, among other benefits. Highlighting the high content of total carotenes in Cucurbits, with more than 600 µg / g in Cucurbita moschata found in improved genotypes.

17.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 915-925, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514287

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Magnolia bark extract supplementation has an anti-oxidative role in mammalians. However, its role in physiological aged-associated heart insufficiency is not known yet. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a magnolia bark complex, including magnolol and honokiol components (MAHOC), in elderly rat hearts (24-month-old aged group). One group of aged rats was supplemented with MAHOC (400 mg/kg/d, for 12 weeks) besides the standard rat diet while the second group of elderly rats and adult rats (to 6-month- old adult-group) were only fed with the standard rat diet. The morphological analysis using light microscopy has shown marked myofibrillar losses, densely localized fibroblasts, vacuolizations, infiltrated cell accumulations, and collagen fibers in the myocardium of the elderly rats compared to the adults. We also detected a markedly increased amount of degenerated cardiomyocytes including the euchromatic nucleus. The MAHOC supplementation of the elderly rats provided marked ameliorations in these abnormal morphological changes in the heart tissue. Furthermore, electrophysiological analysis of electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the supplemented group showed significant attenuations in the prolonged durations of P-waves, QRS-complexes, QT-intervals, and low heart rates compared to the unsupplemented elderly group. The biochemical analysis also showed significant attenuations in the activity of arylesterase and total antioxidant status in the myocardium of the supplemented group. We further determined significant attenuations in the activity of a mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase, known as a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the decreased level of ATP/ADP in the heart homogenates of the supplemented group. Moreover, under in vitro conditions by using an aging-mimicked cardiac cell line induced by D-galactose, we demonstrated that MAHOC treatment could provide prevention of depolarization in mitochondria membrane potential and high-level ROS production. Overall, our data presented significant myocardial ameliorations in physiological aging-associated morphological alterations parallel to the function and biochemical attenuations with MAHOC supplementation, at most, through recoveries in mitochondria.


La suplementación con extracto de corteza de magnolia tiene un papel antioxidante en los mamíferos, sin embargo, su rol en la insuficiencia cardíaca asociada al envejecimiento fisiológico aún no se conoce. Por lo anterior, investigamos los efectos de un complejo de corteza de magnolia, incluidos los componentes magnolol y honokiol (MAHOC), en corazones de ratas seniles (grupo de edad de 24 meses). La alimentación de grupo de ratas seniles se complementó con MAHOC (400 mg/kg/d, durante 12 semanas) además de la dieta estándar, mientras que el segundo grupo de ratas seniles y ratas adultas (hasta el grupo de adultos de 6 meses) solo recibió la dieta estándar para ratas. El análisis morfológico mediante microscopía óptica ha mostrado marcadas pérdidas miofibrilares, fibroblastos densamente localizados, vacuolizaciones, acumulaciones de células infiltradas y fibras de colágeno en el miocardio de las ratas seniles en comparación con las adultas. También detectamos una cantidad notablemente mayor de cardiomiocitos degradados, incluido el núcleo eucromático. La suplementación con MAHOC de las ratas seniles proporcionó mejoras marcadas en estos cambios morfológicos anormales en el tejido cardiaco. Por otra parte, el análisis de los electrocardiogramas (ECG) en el grupo suplementado mostró atenuaciones significativas en las duraciones prolongadas de las ondas P, los complejos QRS, los intervalos QT y las frecuencias cardíacas bajas, en comparación con el grupo de ratas seniles sin suplementación alimenticia. El análisis bioquímico también mostró atenuaciones significativas en la actividad de la arilesterasa y el estado antioxidante total en el miocardio del grupo suplementado. Determinamos además atenuaciones significativas en la actividad de la enzima mitocondrial succinato deshidrogenasa, conocida como fuente de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS), y la disminución del nivel de ATP/ADP en los homogeneizados de corazón del grupo suplementado. Además, en condiciones in vitro mediante el uso de una línea de células cardíacas, imitando el envejecimiento inducido por D- galactosa, demostramos que el tratamiento con MAHOC podría prevenir la despolarización en el potencial de membrana de las mitocondrias y la producción de ROS de alto nivel. En general, nuestros datos presentaron mejoras miocárdicas significativas en alteraciones morfológicas asociadas con el envejecimiento fisiológico paralelas a la función y atenuaciones bioquímicas con la suplementación con MAHOC, como máximo, a través de recuperaciones en las mitocondrias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Biphenyl Compounds/administration & dosage , Aging , Magnolia , Heart/drug effects , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Plant Extracts , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Lignans/administration & dosage , Heart/physiology
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(3): 50-56, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1447601

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporosis can affect a significant part of the population and fractures are the most common complications associated with this disease, leading to high public health costs. Thus, the prevention of fractures is relevant to individuals with signs and symptoms as well as to the health system. Postmenopausal osteoporosis has been associated with oxidative stress, emphasizing the importance of an efficient defense system to maintain bone health. Lycopene is a carotenoid with antioxidant properties that may stimulate osteoblastogenesis and inhibit osteoclastogenesis. The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the influence of lycopene in the bone neoformation of calvaria defects in ovariectomized rats utilizing the concentration of 45 mg/kg. Wistar Hannover female rats were divided into ovariectomized and sham groups. The ovariectomized animals received 45 mg/kg lycopene (OvxL) or water (Ovx) by daily gavage the day after ovariectomy/sham surgery for 16 weeks. Twelve weeks after ovariectomy, there were performed 5-mm calvaria defects followed by euthanasia after 4 weeks. Samples of bone tissue were collected to perform morphological and morphometrical analysis of the neoformed bone area, and percentage with Software Image J. Morphological evaluation showed mature bone with more osteocytes in the group OVxL when compared to the other groups. The morphometrical analysis demonstrated a significant increase of bone neoformation in the group OvxL (p<0.05). The data obtained suggest that lycopene benefits bone repair in the absence of estrogenic hormones.


Resumo A osteoporose afeta grande parte da população e as fraturas são as complicações mais importantes relacionadas a essa doença, gerando altos gastos para o poder público. Dessa forma, a prevenção de fraturas decorrentes da osteoporose torna-se relevante tendo em vista que gera benefícios tanto para o indivíduo acometido pela doença quanto para o sistema de saúde. A osteoporose pós menoupasa tem sido associada ao estresse oxidativo, portanto, um eficiente sistema de defesa antioxidante é primordial para a manutenção da saúde óssea. O licopeno é um carotenoide antioxidante que aparentemente estimula a osteoblastogênese e inibe a osteoclastogênese. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência do licopeno na neoformação óssea em defeitos de calvária em ratas ovariectomizadas utilizando a concentração de 45 mg/kg. Foram utilizados 15 ratas Wistar Hannover pesando aproximadamente 200g, sendo que 10 animais foram submetidos à ovariectomia bilateral e 5 (Grupo Sham) foram submetidos à simulação da cirurgia de ovariectomia bilateral. Os animais ovariectomizados foram divididos aleatoriamente em 2 grupos: Ovariectomizado (Ovx) e Ovariectomizado Licopeno (OvxL) que receberam água e licopeno respectivamente, por sonda gástrica, diariamente. As administrações iniciaram-se no dia seguinte à cirurgia de ovariectomia e/ou da exposição dos ovários e foram mantidas por 120 dias, data de realização da eutanásia. O grupo Sham recebeu água diariamente. Noventa dias após a ovariectomia bilateral foram confecionados defeitos ósseos nas calvárias de todos os animais e após trinta dias as ratas foram eutanasiadas. As amostras de tecido ósseo foram coletadas e foi realizado o processamento para a obtenção das lâminas histológicas. Foram realizadas as análises morfológicas e morfométrica, onde foi estimada a área (mm2) e porcentagem (%) relativa de osso neoformado utilizando o Software Image J. A avaliação morfológica evidenciou a ação benéfica do licopeno pois os animais que receberam esse antioxidante apresentaram um tecido ósseo mais maduro, com maior presença de osteócitos quando comparados aos demais grupos. Por meio das análises morfométricas verificou-se maior neoformação óssea para os animais que receberam o licopeno (p<0,05). Diante dos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que o licopeno na concentração de 45 mg/Kg teve efeito benéfico no processo de reparação, promovendo significante formação óssea frente à ausência de hormônios estrogênicos.

19.
European J Med Plants ; 2023 May; 34(5): 29-39
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219553

ABSTRACT

This research investigated the effect of Andrographis paniculata (AP) on oxidative stress following indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats. A total of 20 male albino Wistar rats (150-180g) used for this study were grouped into four (n=5): 1, Negative Control; 2, Positive Control and 3, test group treated with normal chow, 20mg/kg indomethacin, 20 mg/kg indomethacin plus omeprazole at 20mg/kg and 20mg/kg indomethacin plus AP at 16.7 mg/kg respectively. After treatment period, estimation of oxidative stress parameters was carried out on the animals. The LD50 of aqueous extract of AP was 50mg/kg bw. Body weight change was significantly reduced in omeprazole treated group compared to all other groups while extract treated group had significantly increased body weight change. There was a significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) level of ulcer untreated group compared to other groups. The two treated groups had significantly reduced MDA compared to ulcer untreated group. There was a significant decrease in the levels of GPx and SOD of ulcer untreated group compared to control. Meanwhile, these were significantly increased in extract and omeprazole treated groups compared to ulcer untreated group. Catalase was significantly increased in all three groups when compared to control but its level was significantly increased in extract treated group compared to ulcer untreated and omeprazole treated groups. From this study, AP has proved to protect against oxidative stress implicated in the pathogenesis of ulcer. If this result is applicable to humans, further research and use of AP in ameliorating debilitating consequences of peptic ulcer should be encouraged.

20.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2023 Apr; 75(1): 9-11
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222873

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional deficiency among pregnant women in India. Iron can be supplemented orally or intravenously to treat IDA. Intravenous supplementation of iron can be risky as there is more possibility for the production of free iron in circulation. The role of free iron in the generation of free radicals and thereby oxidative stress is well known. The present study tends to evaluate oxidative stress and antioxidant status of intravenous iron sucrose treated pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted in ACS Medical College and Hospital, Chennai. Twenty pregnant women with moderate IDA (Hb: 7–9.9 g/dl) were included in the present study. Blood samples were collected before and after the treatment with intravenous iron sucrose to measure antioxidants such as reduced glutathione, catalase and superoxide dismutase, and lipid peroxidation marker such as malondialdehyde. Results: In the present study, plasma malondialdehyde levels were increased significantly after the treatment with intravenous iron sucrose. No significant alterations were observed in the levels of reduced glutathione and activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase. Conclusion: In the present study, intravenous iron sucrose infusion was associated with oxidative stress as evidenced by increased lipid peroxidation in antenatal women with IDA. Hence, treatment with antioxidants during iron infusions can be considered

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