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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e257990, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bauhinia variegata plant is a very popular and traditionally potent ethnomedicine. Therefore, it is need of hour to study ameliorative characteristics of B. variegata for novel secondary metabolites. The current study was designed to explore antiproliferative potential of B. variegata due to scant reports on this aspect. Extracts of various parts (flowers, leaves, bark, stem, and roots) were prepared by successive maceration using organic solvents in increasing order of polarity (n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water). The determination of polyphenolic contents was done by using colorimetric methods while antioxidant potential was measured using reducing power assay. Brine shrimp lethality assay was performed for determining preliminary cytotoxicity and antiproliferative activity against breast cancer MCF-7 cell line using MTT protocols. Moreover, antimicrobial activities were detected by using disc diffusion assay. The alpha-amylase assay was performed to monitor the antidiabetic potential of the plant. In case of phytochemical analysis methanolic extract of leaves and bark showed highest phenolic and flavonoids contents. n-Hexane and ethyl acetate extracts of stem and roots exhibited more than 90% mortality with LD50 ranges between 1-25 µg/mL when studied by brine shrimp lethality assay. n-Hexane and ethyl acetate extracts of roots and stem also showed antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer MCF-7 cell line with IC50 values ranges between 12.10-14.20 µg/mL. Most of the extracts displayed moderately high antibacterial and antifungal activities. The n-hexane extract of roots showed antidiabetic activity with 60.80 ± 0.20% inhibition of alpha-amylase. In sum, these preliminary results will be useful for further compound isolation from selected plant parts for the discovery of antibacterial, antidiabetic, and anticancer lead candidates.


Resumo A planta Bauhinia variegata é uma etnomedicina muito popular e tradicionalmente potente. Portanto, as características de melhoria de B. variegata foram estudadas. Foi avaliada a determinação dos teores antioxidantes e polifenólicos. O ensaio de letalidade do camarão de salmoura foi realizado para determinar a citotoxicidade preliminar e a atividade antiproliferativa contra linhas de células de câncer de mama MCF-7 usando protocolos de MTT. Além disso, foram detectadas atividades antimicrobianas. O ensaio da alfa-amilase foi realizado para monitorar o potencial antidiabético da planta. Dentre vinte amostras diferentes, o extrato metanólico (EM) da casca apresentou os maiores teores fenólicos totais. A EM das folhas apresentou excelente conteúdo de flavonoides, atividade antioxidante significativa foi exibida pelo extrato hexânico do caule. O extrato do caule de hexano exibe 77,40% como citotóxico em DL50 10,50 µg/mL quando avaliado através do ensaio de letalidade de artêmia. Extratos de hexano e acetato de etila de raiz e caule mostraram atividade antiproliferativa contra a linhagem celular MCF7 de câncer de mama humano (IC50 12,10-14,20 µg/mL). Para potencial antimicrobiano importante, vários extratos exibiram excelentes atividades antibacteriana e antifúngica, enquanto o extrato de n-hexano da raiz mostrou atividade antidiabética (60,80 ± 0,20% na concentração de 200 µg/mL). Em suma, estes resultados preliminares serão úteis para isolamento adicional de compostos a partir de partes de plantas selecionadas para a descoberta de candidatos a antibacterianos, antidiabéticos e anticâncer.

2.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 51(7): e20200821, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are long-chain polysaccharides that are divided into sulphates and non-sulphates, these being chondroitin sulphate, heparan sulphate, dermatan sulphate, heparin sulphate and the only non-sulphate in the group is hyaluronic acid. GAGs are obtained from animal tissue and by an expensive low-yield extraction process; however, they are highly commercially valued polysaccharides and exploited in the biomedical market. Their disaccharidic composition, chain length and sulfation pattern present great variability depending on the species and extraction factors. GAGs possess immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antiproliferative and anticoagulant properties, functioning as therapeutic agents modulating an array of biological processes. This report presents the general aspects of each GAG, source and extraction process, in addition to the characteristics that give them the most varied therapeutic properties and pharmacological applications.


RESUMO: Os glicosaminoglicanos (GAGs) são polissacarídeos de cadeias longas que se dividem em sulfatados e não sulfatados, sendo estes, sulfato de condroitina, sulfato de heparana, sulfato de dermatana, sulfato de heparina e o único não sulfatado do grupo que é o ácido hialurônico. Os GAGs são encontrados em todo tecido animal, são extraídos por um processo de alto custo e baixo rendimento, no entanto, o material obtido é valorizado comercialmente e amplamente explorado no mercado biomédico. Sua composição dissacarídica, comprimento da cadeia e padrão de sulfatação apresentam grande variabilidade dependendo das espécies e fatores de extração. Os GAGs possuem propriedades imunomoduladoras, antioxidantes, antivirais, anti-inflamatórias, neuroprotetoras, antiproliferativas e anticoagulantes, além de farmacológicas, funcionando como agentes terapêuticos moduladores de uma série de processos biológicos. Este relatório apresenta os aspectos gerais de cada GAG, fonte e processo de extração, além das características que lhes conferem as mais variadas propriedades terapêuticas e aplicações farmacológicas.

3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18954, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345456

ABSTRACT

The ethanolic extract of resinous sediment (EERS) of Etlingera elatior young inflorescence was examined for its anticancer effect and potential antioxidant activity. The anticancer effect of the EERS was evaluated on four human cancer cell lines, HCT 116, HT-29, Hela, and MCF-7, using the MTT assay. GC-MS analysis showed that the main components found in the EERS were nonyl cyclopropane (4.44%), 1-tetradecane (3.66%), cyclotetradecane (2.41%), cyclododecane (1.92%), and 1-decene (1.72%). The antioxidant activity was determined through different methods. High amounts of TPC and TFC in the EERS were found. Moderate antioxidant capacity of the EERS was detected by DPPH and ABTS assays, with EC50 values of 44.19 and 56.61 µg/mL and a high FRAP value of 281.79 nmol Fe+2 equivalent/mg extract. In the MTT assay, the EERS showed potent anticancer activity, with IC50 values of 19.82, 37.001, 50.49, and 53.29 µg/mL against HT-29, HCT 116, Hela, and MCF-7 tumour cell lines, respectively. Moreover, the results were comparable to or less potent than the standard reference drug, 5-fluorouracil. The results showed that the EERS of Etlingera elatior inflorescence contained a high amount of polyphenols and flavonoids, which may to the selective antiproliferative effects towards colon cancer in vitro


Subject(s)
Zingiberaceae/classification , Inflorescence/anatomy & histology , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Neoplasms , Antioxidants/analysis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anticarcinogenic Agents/adverse effects , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880508

ABSTRACT

Salidroside is a phenolic secondary metabolite present in plants of the genus Rhodiola, and studies investigating its extensive pharmacological activities and mechanisms have recently attracted increasing attention. This review summarizes the progress of recent research on the antiproliferative activities of salidroside and its effects on breast, ovarian, cervical, colorectal, lung, liver, gastric, bladder, renal, and skin cancer as well as gliomas and fibrosarcomas. Thus, it provides a reference for the further development and utilization of salidroside.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210658

ABSTRACT

A new series of triazolopyrimidine derivatives was produced via three-component reactions of suitable aromatic orheteroaromatic carboxaldehyde, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, and 3-indolyl-3-oxopropanenitrile in triethylamine as a catalyst.The new compounds have been interpreted using elemental analysis, infrared, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magneticresonance spectroscopy. Antiproliferative effects of the new compounds have been screened on four human cancer types andone human noncancerous type (retinal pigment ephitilial-1) via the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-DiphenyltetrazoliumBromide assay. Compounds 4a and 4h have moderate activity against the human colon cancer; most of the compoundswere active toward human lung cancer; compounds 4i, 4h, and 4g were highly active on hormone-dependent human breastcancer, while compounds 4c, 4b, 4h, and 4e were the most active on the hormone-independent human breast. The resultsof this study offer a source for further investigation of selected triazolopyrimidine derivatives as antiproliferative agents.

6.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(2): 290-294, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132385

ABSTRACT

Abstract Essential oils, which may be extracted from several parts of plants, have different biological activities. The Brazilian Cerrado has a large variety of plants that yield essential oils, even though many have not been studied yet. Taking into account the biodiversity of this biome, this study aimed at evaluating the antiproliferative activity of essential oils extracted from three species of plants of the Cerrado in Goiás state: Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg, Protium ovatum (Engl. in Mart.) and Cardiopetalum calophyllum (Schltdl.). Essential oils were extracted from both C. adamantium and C. calophyllum leaves and from P. ovatum leaves and green fruits by hydrodistillation carried out by a Clevenger-type apparatus. The chemical composition of the essential oils was determined by Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The following major chemical constituents were identified in the essential oils under investigation: β-myrcene (62.00%), spathulenol (28.78%), germacrene-B (18.27%), β-caryophyllene oxide (16.40%), β-caryophyllene (14.00%), α-pinene (11.30%), viridiflorol (9.99%), limonene (7.30%) and (Z,E)-pharnesol (6.51%). The antiproliferative activity was evaluated in different human tumor cell lines: breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) and glioblastoma (M059J). A normal human cell line was included (GM07492A, lung fibroblasts). Results showed that essential oils from C. adamantium leaves got the lowest values of IC50 in all strains of tumor cells under evaluation. They were significantly lower than the ones of the normal cell line, an evidence of selectivity. It is worth mentioning that this is the first report of the antiproliferative activity of essential oils from C. adamantium , P. ovatum and C. calophyllum against human tumor cells.


Resumo Os óleos essenciais podem ser extraídos de várias partes das plantas e apresentam diversas atividades biológicas. O Cerrado brasileiro possui uma grande variedade de plantas produtoras de óleos essenciais muitas delas ainda não estudadas. Levando-se em consideração a biodiversidade desse bioma, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade antiproliferativa dos óleos essenciais extraídos de três espécies de plantas ocorrentes no Cerrado do estado de Goiás: Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg, Protium ovatum (Engl. in Mart.) e Cardiopetalum calophyllum (Schltdl.). Os óleos essenciais foram obtidos das folhas de C. adamantium e C. calophyllum e das folhas e frutos verdes de P. ovatum por hidrodestilação, usando o aparelho do tipo Clevenger. A composição química dos óleos essenciais foi determinada pelo método de Cromatografia Gasosa acoplada à Espectrometria de Massas (CG-EM). Os constituintes químicos majoritários identificados nos óleos essenciais estudados foram: β-mirceno (62,00%), espatulenol (28,78%), germacreno-B (18,27%), óxido de β-cariofileno (16,40%), β-cariofileno (14,00%), α-pineno (11,30%), viridiflorol (9,99%), limoneno (7,30%) e (Z,E)-farnesol (6,51%). A atividade antiproliferativa foi avaliada em diferentes linhagens de células tumorais humanas: adenocarcinoma de mama (MCF-7), adenocarcinoma cervical (HeLa) e gliobastoma (M059J), além de, uma linhagem celular humana normal (GM07492A, fibroblastos pulmonares). O óleo essencial das folhas de C. adamantium exibiu menores valores de CI50 em todas as linhagens celulares tumorais avaliadas, sendo menores que aquele obtido na linhagem celular normal, indicando seletividade. Este é o primeiro relato da atividade antiproliferativa dos óleos essenciais de C. adamantium , P. ovatum e C. calophyllum contra células tumorais humanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oils, Volatile , Annonaceae , Burseraceae , Myrtaceae , Calophyllum , Brazil , Plant Leaves , Hydrogen
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(2): 393-404, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132371

ABSTRACT

Abstract This paper reports the in vitro antiproliferative effects, antiprotozoal, anti-herpes and antimicrobial activities of 32 organic extracts of 14 marine sponges and 14 corals collected in northeast Brazilian coast. The ethanolic extracts of the sponges Amphimedon compressa and Tedania ignis, and the acetone extract of Dysidea sp. showed relevant results concerning the antiproliferative effects against A549, HCT-8, and PC-3 cell lines by sulforhodamine B assay, but also low specificity. Concerning the antiprotozoal screening, the ethanolic extract of Amphimedon compressa and the acetone and ethanolic extracts of Dysidea sp. were the most active against Leishmania amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi expressing β-galactosidase in THP-1 cells. In the preliminary anti-HSV-1 (KOS strain) screening, the ethanolic extracts of the sponges Amphimedon compressa, Haliclona sp. and Chondrosia collectrix inhibited viral replication by more than 50%. The most promising anti-herpes results were observed for the ethanolic extract of Haliclona sp. showing high selective indices against HSV-1, KOS and 29R strains (SI> 50 and >79, respectively), and HSV-2, 333 strain (IS>108). The results of the antibacterial screening indicated that only the ethanolic extract of Amphimedon compressa exhibited a weak activity against Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli by the disk diffusion method. In view of these results, the extracts of Amphimedon compressa, Tedania ignis and Dysidea sp. were selected for further studies aiming the isolation and identification of the bioactive compounds with antiproliferative and/or antiprotozoal activities. The relevant anti-herpes activity of the ethanolic extract of Haliclona sp. also deserves special attention, and will be further investigated.


Resumo Este artigo reporta as atividades in vitro antiproliferativa, atiprotozoárica, anti-herpética e antimicrobiana de 32 extratos orgânicos provenientes de 14 esponjas marinhas e 14 corais coletados no litoral nordestino brasileiro. Os extratos etanólicos das esponjas Amphimedon compressa e Tedania ignis, e o extrato acetônico de Dysidea sp. demonstraram resultados promissores em relação aos efeitos antiproliferativos frente as linhagens celulares A549, HCT-8, PC-3 pelo método da sulforrodamina B, mas sem especificidade. Em relação à atividade antiprotozárica, os extratos etanólico de Amphimedon compressa e acetônico e etanólico de Dysidea sp. apresentaram atividade contra Leishmania amazonensis e Trypanosoma cruzi através do método de expressão de β-galactosidase em células THP-1. Na investigação preliminar de atividade antiviral frente ao vírus Herpes simplex tipo 1 (cepa KOS), os extratos etanólicos das esponjas Amphimedon compressa, Haliclona sp. e Chondrosia collectrix inibiram mais de 50% da replicação viral. O extrato etanólico da esponja Haliclona sp. demonstrou resultados promissores para atividade anti-herpética com altos índices de seletividade para as cepas KOS (IS >50) e 29R (IS>79) frente ao VHS-1 e cepa 333 (IS>108) frente ao VHS-2. O extrato etanólico da esponja Amphimedon compressa exibiu uma pequena atividade contra Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli pelo método de difusão em disco. De acordo com os resultados apresentados, os extratos das esponjas Amphimedon compressa, Tedania ignis e Dysidea sp. serão selecionados para futuros estudos de isolamento e identificação dos compostos bioativos para as atividades antiproliferativa e antiprozoárica. O extrato etanólico de Haliclona sp. será investigado por possuir atividade relevante anti-herpética.


Subject(s)
Animals , Porifera , Brazil , Plant Extracts , Enterococcus faecalis , Anti-Bacterial Agents
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 38-45, May 15, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Taraxacum species (commonly known as dandelion) used as herbal medicine have been reported to exhibit an antiproliferative effect on hepatoma cells and antitumor activity in non-small-cell lung cancer cells. Although several investigations have demonstrated the safety of Taraxacum officinale, the safety of tissue-cultured plants of T. formosanum has not been assessed so far. Therefore, the present study examines the safety of the water extract of the entire plant of tissue cultured T. formosanum based on acute and subacute toxicity tests in rats, as well as the Ames tests. RESULTS: No death or toxicity symptoms were observed in the acute and subacute tests. The results of the acute test revealed that the LD50 (50% of lethal dose) value of the T. formosanum water extract for rats exceeded 5 g/kg bw. No abnormal changes in the body weight, weekly food consumption, organ weight, or hematological, biochemical, and morphological parameters were observed in the subacute toxicity test. Thus, the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of T. formosanum water extract was estimated to be higher than 2.0 g/kg. Finally, the results of the Ames test revealed that T. formosanum water extract was not genotoxic at any tested concentration to any of five Salmonella strains. CONCLUSIONS: The water extract of tissue-cultured T. formosanum was non-toxic to rats in acute and subacute tests and exhibited no genotoxicity to five Salmonella strains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Taraxacum/toxicity , Tissue Culture Techniques/methods , Safety , Flavonoids/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Urinalysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phenol/analysis , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Herbal Medicine , Taraxacum/chemistry , Serum , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Toxicity Tests, Subacute , Mutagenicity Tests
9.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(2): 236-246, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104216

ABSTRACT

Chloroform extract (CE) and fractions obtained from Aldama arenaria roots were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against 10 human tumor cell lines [leukemia (K-562), breast (MCF-7), ovary expressing a multidrug-resistant phenotype (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovary (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251), and kidney (786-0)]. CE presented weak to moderate antiproliferative activity (mean log GI50 1.07), whereas fractions 3 and 4, enriched with pimaranetype diterpenes [ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid and ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presented moderate to potent activity for most cell lines, with mean log GI50 of 0.62 and 0.59, respectively. The results showed promising in vitro antiproliferative action of the samples obtained from A. arenaria, with the best results for NCI/ADR-RES, HT29, and OVCAR-3, and TGI values ranging from 5.95 to 28.71 µg.ml -1, demonstrating that compounds of this class may be potential prototypes for the discovery of new therapeutic agents.


El extracto de cloroformo (CE) y las fracciones obtenidas de las raíces de Aldama arenaria fueron evaluadas por su actividad antiproliferativa in vitro contra 10 líneas celulares tumorales humanas [leucemia (K-562), mama (MCF-7), ovario que expresa un fenotipo resistente a múltiples fármacos (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), pulmón (NCI-H460), próstata (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovario (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251) y riñón (786-0)]. CE presentó actividad antiproliferativa débil a moderada (log GI50 promedio de 1.07), mientras que las fracciones 3 y 4, enriquecidas con diterpenos de tipo pimarane [ent-pimara-8 (14), ácido 15-dien-19-oico y ent-8 (14), 15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presentaron actividad moderada a potente para la mayoría de las líneas celulares, con un log GI50 promedio de 0.62 y 0.59, respectivamente. Los resultados mostraron una prometedora acción antiproliferativa in vitro de las muestras obtenidas de A. arenaria, con los mejores resultados para NCI/ADR-RES, HT29 y OVCAR-3, y valores de TGI que van desde 5.95 a 28.71 µg.ml -1, lo que demuestra que los compuestos de esta clase pueden ser prototipos potenciales para el descubrimiento de nuevos agentes terapéuticos.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chloroform , Plectranthus/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Ethnobotany , Cuba , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Diterpenes/chemistry
10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210678

ABSTRACT

Hyptolide was isolated from the leaves of Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit and was studied in order to discover and develop ananticancer drug. Hyptolide was obtained as a crystal of 87°C–88°C melting point. Spectroscopic identification resultsshow a wave number at 1,735 cm−1 indicating the presence of α,β-unsaturated δ-lactone. Gas chromatography-massspectrometry (GC-MS) analysis provides a single peak in the retention time of 11.701 by m/z value at 239, whichindicates explicitly hyptolide. The objective of this research was to evaluate the hyptolide’s mechanism of cytotoxicon MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in positive estrogen receptor. The assay test to 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-dphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) showed that hyptolide exhibited cytotoxic effects on MCF-7 and T47D breastcancer cells with an IC50 value of 76.76 and 181.55 µg/ml, respectively. Interestingly, the treatment of hyptolide for 24,48, and 72 hours decreased cell viability on MCF-7 with dose- and time-dependent manner compared to untreated cells.Results of acridine orange-ethidium bromide multiple staining assay revealed that hyptolide induced apoptosis in a dosedependent manner. It can be concluded that hyptolide possesses antiproliferative effects through apoptosis induction

11.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 26(3): 135-147, 2020. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1103784

ABSTRACT

Background:Vaccinium meridionale produces fruits with a high content of anthocyanins and polyphenols with great antioxidant capacity. Objective: produce vinegar from V. meridionale alcoholic beverages and to determine the content of bioactive antioxidant compounds, antioxidant capacity, and cytotoxic activity on colorectal cancer cells. Methods: Wine and vinegar samples were obtained by fermentation of V. meridionale berries juice, using three extractive processes: mechanical maceration (MAC), preheating to 80°C (CAL) and a combination of both (MIX). During acetic fermentation, titratable acidity and acetic acid content were evaluated. Fermentation progress was recorded and compared by measuring the antioxidant potential by DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC. Polyphenols, anthocyanins and hydroxycinnamic acids were quantified. Finally, the antiproliferative activity of vinegar was evaluated in SW480 colon cancer cells. Results: In acetic fermentation, yield and productivity were independent of extraction, indicating that they do not affect the biotransformation of alcohol into vinegar. The alcoholic beverages showed the highest antioxidant activity; after acetic fermentation, a decrease in antioxidant potential was observed in all three extractive processes evaluated. The different vinegar obtained by CAL and MIX, showed the highest values of antioxidant activity, polyphenols, and anthocyanins. The inhibition of the antiproliferative activity of vinegar was dose-dependent and showed an IC50 of 536 µg/mL. Conclusions: The vinegar prepared from V. meridionale berries presented an outstanding antioxidant and antiproliferative activity. The reason is the contents of bioactive compounds and their antioxidant power, which may contribute to chemoprevention in secondary cancer prevention.


Antecedentes: Vaccinium meridionale produce frutos con alto contenido en antocianinas y polifenoles con elevada capacidad antioxidante. Objetivo: Producir vinagre a partir de bebidas alcohólicas de V. meridionale y determinar el contenido de compuestos bioactivos antioxidantes, capacidad antioxidante y actividad citotóxica sobre células de cáncer colorrectal. Métodos: Muestras de Vino y vinagre fueron obtenidas mediante fermentación del jugo de V. meridionale, usando tres procesos extractivos: maceración mecánica (MAC), precalentamiento a 80 °C (CAL) y una combinación de ambos (MIX). En la fermentación acética fueron evaluadas la acidez titulable y el contenido de ácido acético. Se registró y comparó la evolución de la fermentación midiendo el potencial antioxidante por DPPH, FRAP y ORAC. Se cuantificaron los polifenoles, antocianinas y ácidos hidroxicinámicos. Finalmente, la actividad antiproliferativa del vinagre fue evaluada en células de cáncer de colon SW480. Resultados: En la fermentación acética, el rendimiento y la productividad fueron independientes de la extracción indicando que no afectan la biotransformación del alcohol en vinagre. Las bebidas alcohólicas mostraron la mayor actividad antioxidante, después de la fermentación acética se observó una disminución del potencial antioxidante en los tres procesos extractivos evaluados. Los vinagres obtenidos por CAL y MIX, presentaron los mayores valores de actividad antioxidante, polifenoles y antocianinas. La inhibición de la actividad antiproliferativa del vinagre fue dosis dependiente y mostró un IC50 de 536 µg/mL. Conclusiones: El vinagre preparado a partir de bayas de V. meridionale presentó una excelente actividad antioxidante y antiproliferativa debido al contenido de compuestos bioactivos y poder antioxidante que puede contribuir a la quimioprevención en la prevención secundaria del cáncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetic Acid , Fruit , Vaccinium , Polyphenols , Anthocyanins
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e17158, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089170

ABSTRACT

Vitis vinifera (black raisin) is commonly used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments. In the present study, anti-oxidative and anti-cancer efficacy of oleanolic acid from ethyl acetate fraction of black raisins was evaluated and oleanolic acid was isolated without using of any chromatographic techniques and subjected to spectral assessment using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS and FT-IR for structural confirmation. Antiproliferative efficacy of oleanolic acid against human colon adenocarcinoma HCT-116 cells was assessed using cell viability assay. The minimum inhibitory concentration (IC50) was determined and found to be 40 µg/mL at 48h incubation. Furthermore, antioxidant property of oleanolic acid was analyzed using DPPH method (IC50 is 61.5µg/mL) by compared to standard antioxidants ascorbic acid, gallic acid, pyrogallol and butylated hydroxytoluene. Hence, the present study aims to establish the use of oleanolic acid as a potential therapeutic agent against human colon cancer.

13.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 29(6): 763-772, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057860

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT At present, there is a rapidly growing interest in studying the cytotoxic effects of Artemisia herba alba Asso, Asteraceae, in various cancer cell lines. However, its antitumor effectiveness has not been investigated. Therefore, the current study was conducted to study the effect of A. herba alba extract on the proliferation and growth of solid tumor cells in Ehrlich Solid Carcinoma bearing mice. Oral administration of A. herba alba extract resulted in significant reductions in tumor size, tumor weight and mice body weight, as well as caused concurrent significant increases in the DNA breakages and apoptotic DNA damage induction in a time-dependent manner. A. herba alba extract also raised the expression level of p53 gene and reduced of K-ras expression in a time-dependent manner. Minor histological lesions were observed in the liver and kidney tissues sections of mice administered A. herba alba extract compared with the high histological lesions observed in the liver and kidney tissues of artesunate and cisplatin treated groups. Thus, we concluded that A. herba alba extract exhibited promising potential antitumor efficacy with greater safety than artesunate and the commercially used anticancer drug cisplatin in mice.

14.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(4): 697-702, Nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001477

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the antibacterial and antiproliferative activities of the essential oil of Psidium guajava leaves (PG-EO), traditionally used in folk medicine. The essential oil was obtained from fresh leaves by hydrodistillation, using a modified Clevenger apparatus. The major PG-EO chemical constituents were identified by GC-MS and GC-FID as being β-caryophyllene (16.1%), α-humulene (11.9%), aromadendrene oxide (14.7%), δ-selinene (13.6%), and selin-11-en-4α-ol (12.5%). The antibacterial activity of the essential oil of P. guajava leaves was determined in terms of its minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) using the broth microdilution method in 96-well microplates. PG-EO had moderate activity against Streptococcus mutans (MIC = 200 µg/mL), S. mitis (MIC = 200 µg/mL), S. sanguinis (MIC = 400 µg/mL), S. sobrinus (MIC = 100 µg/mL), and S. salivarius (MIC = 200 µg/mL). The antiproliferative activity was evaluated against different tumor cell lines: breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), and human gliobastoma (M059J). A normal human cell line (GM07492A, lung fibroblasts) was included. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated using the XTT assay and the results were expressed as IC50. The essential oil showed significantly lower IC50 values against MCF-7 and M059J lines than that obtained for the normal line, showing selectivity. Our results suggest that the essential oil of Psidium guajava L. has promising biological activities and can be considered a new source of bioactive compounds.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou as atividades antibacteriana e antiproliferativa do óleo essencial das folhas frescas de Psidium guajava (PG-OE), tradicionalmente utilizadas na medicina popular. O óleo essencial foi obtido por hidrodestilação das folhas frescas, utilizando aparelho do tipo Clevenger. Os principais constituintes químicos de PG-OE identificados por CG-EM e CG-DIC foram: β-cariofileno (16,1%), α-humuleno (11,9%), óxido de aromadendreno (14,7%), δ-selineno (13,6%) e selin-11-en-4α-ol (12,5%). A atividade antibacteriana do óleo essencial das folhas de P. guajava foi determinada em termo de sua concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) utilizando o método de microdiluição de caldo em microplacas de 96 poços. PG-OE apresentou moderada atividade contra Streptococcus mutans (CIM = 200 μg/mL), S. mitis (CIM = 200 μg/mL), S. sanguinis (CIM = 400 μg/mL), S. sobrinus (CIM = 100 μg/mL) e S. salivarius (CIM = 200 μg/mL). A atividade antiproliferativa foi avaliada frente a diferentes linhagens de células tumorais como: adenocarcinoma de mama (MCF-7), adenocarcinoma cervical humano (HeLa) e gliobastoma humano (M059J). Foi incluída uma linhagem celular humana normal (GM07492A, fibroblastos pulmonares). A atividade antiproliferativa foi avaliada utilizando o ensaio XTT e os resultados foram expressos como CI50. As linhagens MCF-7 e M059J mostraram valores significativamente mais baixos de CI50 do que os obtidos para a linhagem normal, mostrando seletividade. Nossos resultados sugerem que o óleo essencial das folhas frescas de Psidium guajava L. possui atividades biológicas promissoras e pode ser considerado como uma nova fonte de compostos bioativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Leaves , Psidium , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Azulenes/pharmacology , Monocyclic Sesquiterpenes , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206282

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antiproliferative activity of crude extracts from leaves of Bauhinia variegata and Leptadenia reticulata using fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a model. The crude extracts of both plants were prepared by three experimental conditions (25°C, elevated temperature and ultrasound waves) and four solvent systems [Water, Methanol, Water: Methanol (1:1) and Chloroform: Methanol (1:1)]. MTT assay was performed for estimating the cell viability and the results were expressed as % growth inhibition. Overall based on the MTT assay performed on yeast cells, Water: Methanol, Methanol and Water extracts showed higher antiproliferative activity than the positive control (Paclitaxel) in a dose-dependent manner. For Bauhinia variegata and Leptadenia reticulata, methanol extract (25°C temperature & elevated temperature, respectively) exhibited highest inhibition which was approximately 80%. In conclusion, this study has indicated that Bauhinia variegata and Leptadenia reticulata extracts possess strong antiproliferative activity. Furthermore, it could act as a potential source for identifying new molecules with chemotherapeutic potential against cancer.

16.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 480-491, sept. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008273

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative activity of essential oil from leaves of Melissa officinalis L. grown in Southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. In vitro evaluation of antiproliferative activity of the M. officinalis essential oil was carried out on three human tumor cell lines: MCF-7, NCI-H460 and MOLT-4 by MTT assay. M. officinalis essential oil was characterized by high percentage of monoterpenes (77,5%), followed by the sesquiterpene fraction (14,5%) and aliphatic compounds (2,2%). The main constituents of the essential oil of M. officinalis are citral (47,2%), caryophyllene oxide (10,2%), citronellal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), geranyl acetate (4,1%) and ß- caryophyllene (3,8%). The essential oil showed significant antiproliferative activity against three cancer cell lines, MOLT-4, MCF-7, and NCI-H460 cells, with GI50 values of <5, 6±2 and 31±17 µg/mL, respectively. The results revealed that M. officinalis L. essential oil has a potential as anticancer therapeutic agent.


En el presente estudio, investigamos la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de las hojas de Melissa officinalis L. cultivadas en el sur de Bosnia y Herzegovina. La evaluación in vitro de la actividad antiproliferativa del aceite esencial de M. officinalis se llevó a cabo en tres líneas celulares de tumores humanos: MCF-7, NCI-H460 y MOLT-4 utilizando el ensayo de MTT. El aceite esencial de M. officinalis se caracterizó por un alto porcentaje de monoterpenos (77,5%), seguido de la fracción sesquiterpénica (14,5%) y compuestos alifáticos (2,2%). Los principales constituyentes del aceite esencial de M. officinalis fueron citral (47,2%), óxido de cariofileno (10,2%), citronelal (5,4%), geraniol (6,6%), acetato de geranilo (4, 1%), y ß-cariofileno (3,8%). El aceite esencial mostró una actividad antiproliferativa significativa contra las líneas celulares de cáncer MOLT-4, MCF-7 y NCI-H460, con valores GI50 de <5, 6±2 y 31±17 µg/mL, respectivamente. Los resultados revelaron que el aceite esencial de M. officinalis L. tiene potencial como agente terapéutico contra el cáncer.


Subject(s)
Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Melissa , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/analysis , In Vitro Techniques , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Plant Leaves , Monoterpenes/analysis , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 40-44, July. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053231

ABSTRACT

Background: The study of plant-associated microorganisms is very important in the discovery and development of bioactive compounds. Pseudomonas is a diverse genus of Gammaproteobacteria comprising more than 60 species capable of establishing themselves in many habitats, which include leaves and stems of many plants. There are reports of metabolites with diverse biological activity obtained from bacteria of this genus, and some of the metabolites have shown cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines. Because of the high incidence of cancer, research in recent years has focused on obtaining new sources of active compounds that exhibit interesting pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties that lead to the development of new therapeutic agents. Results: A bacterial strain was isolated from tumors located in the stem of Pinus patula, and it was identified as Pseudomonas cedrina. Extracts from biomass and broth of P. cedrina were obtained with chloroform:methanol (1:1). Only biomass extracts exhibited antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines of cervix (HeLa), lung (A-549), and breast (HBL-100). In addition, a biomass extract from P. cedrina was fractioned by silica gel column chromatography and two diketopiperazines were isolated: cyclo-(L-Prolyl-L-Valine) and cyclo-(L-Leucyl-L-Proline). Conclusions: This is the first report on the association of P. cedrina with the stems of P. patula in Mexico and the antiproliferative activity of extracts from this species of bacteria against human solid tumor cell lines.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas/chemistry , Pinus/microbiology , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Plants/microbiology , Symbiosis , Biomass , Gammaproteobacteria/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects
18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210591

ABSTRACT

Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) belongs to Sapindaceae family. We examined the antiproliferative activity oflongan leaf extracts against cancer-derived cell cell lines in vitro. The tested samples were water extract, ethanolextract, n-hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and water fraction of longan leaf. Cytotoxicity test is against brineshrimps that was screened using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test. Antiproliferative activity assay on WEHI-164 cells(mouse fibrosarcoma cancer cell), THP-1 cells (human peripheral blood acute monocyte cell), and vero cells (noncancer or normal cell) that was conducted using hemocytometer with Trypan Blue Dye exclusion. The 50% lethalityconcentration (LC50) value of water extract, ethanol extract, n-hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and waterfraction were 854.64, 305.81, 446.55, 1313.44, and 1621.8 µg/ml. Ethanol extract exhibited significant cytotoxicdue to the lowest LC50 value. Ethanol extract was then used for further examination. The highest antiproliferativeactivity was achieved 44.93% by 600 µg/ml ethanol extract on WEHI-164 and 57.45% by 500 µg/ml ethanol extracton THP-1. It was significantly equal to doxorubicin antiproliferative activity. Ethanol extract dose had low effect tovero cells. This present study confirmed that the longan leaf ethanol extract possess marked antiproliferative activityon cancer-derived cell lines.

19.
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2019 Apr; 11(4): 1-7
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205866

ABSTRACT

Objective: To design, synthesize, in vitro Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor (VEGFR-2) assay, antiproliferative activity an Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion and Toxicity (ADMET) studies of some novel bromoisatin incorporated isoxazole derivatives. Methods: Designed compounds were synthesized by the condensation of different 3-aryl-5-methylisoxazole-4-carbohydrazides (5a-h) with 5-bromoisatin to give the target molecules. To predict the affinity and activity of the ligand molecule the docking program GOLD 3.1 was employed to generate different bioactive binding poses of designing molecules at the active site of protein VEGFR-2. All the synthesized compounds were characterized based on the spectral and elemental analysis data. Antiproliferative activity performed against Human Umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC cell line). Results: All the synthesized compounds showed the characteristic peaks in FTIR,1H, C[13]NMR and Mass spectral analysis. In molecular docking, all the synthesized compounds (6a-j) exhibited high fitness scores with minimum three bonding interaction with the active site VEGFR-2 kinase. In in-vitro, VEGFR-2 kinase assay, compounds 6a, 6b, 6d and 6e exhibited more than 70% inhibition at a single dose concentration of 5μM. In antiproliferative assay against HUVEC cell lines, compounds 6d and 6e exhibited potent activity with IC50 values in nanomolar concentrations. ADMET results of 6a, 6b, 6d and 6e are quite promising with least hepatotoxicity and good bioavailability. Conclusion: The derivatives were synthesized in quantitative yields. New derivatives posses antiproliferative activity, least hepatotoxicity and good bioavailability.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209788

ABSTRACT

The antiproliferative of the brown algae Padina australis extracts against cell MCM-B2 (canine benign mammarygland mixed tumor) and cell K562 (human chronic myelogenous leukemia) in vitro was examined. The tested sampleswere water extract (n-hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and ethanol fraction) and ethanol extract (n-hexanefraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and ethanol fraction). Cytotoxicity was screened using brine shrimp lethality test.The antioxidant activity was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl. The antiproliferative activity test wasconducted using trypan blue dye method and cells were counted using hemocytometer. The results showed thatethyl acetate fraction from water extract exhibited significant cytotoxicity with lethal concentration 50 value of200.53 ppm. The ethyl acetate fraction from water extract was then considered for further examination. Results ofantioxidant activity test showed that concentration for inhibitory activity of 50% of the ethyl acetate fraction reached113.37 ppm. This fraction at concentration of 400 ppm could inhibit the growth of MCM-B2 and K562 cancer celllines in vitro reaching 56.90% and 61.54%, respectively. Therefore, the present study suggested that ethyl acetatefraction of P. australis extract demonstrated a potential natural anticancer activity.

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