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1.
Estima (Online) ; 22: e1468, JAN - DEZ 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556446

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Avaliar a relação entre a intensidade do prurido e os escores de ansiedade, depressão, estresse pós-traumático e a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pacientes vítimas de queimaduras. Método: Estudo transversal, realizado em dois ambulatórios de hospitais de queimados localizados em municípios do interior paulista. A amostra foi constituída por 60 pacientes que responderam aos instrumentos de caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica, Escala Visual Numérica para avaliação da intensidade do prurido, Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão, Escala de Impacto de Eventos para avaliação do estresse pós-traumático e a versão brasileira da Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound. Resultados: A amostra caracterizou-se pelo predomínio do sexo masculino (73%). Correlações positivas significativas foram encontradas entre a intensidade de prurido e ansiedade (r=0,33), depressão (r=0,53), estresse pós-traumático (r=0,43) e escore total da Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound (r=0,63). Conclusão: Esses achados reforçam a importância da avaliação do prurido na atenção integral à vítima de queimadura visando à redução do impacto psicológico e melhora na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. (AU)


Objective: To assess the relationship between pruritus intensity and anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and health-related quality of life scores in burn victims. Methods: A cross-sectional study, carried out in two outpatient clinics of burn hospitals located in municipalities in the countryside of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 60 patients who answered sociodemographic and clinical characterization instruments: the Visual Numerical Scale, to assess pruritus intensity, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Impact of Events Scale, to assess post-traumatic stress, and the Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound Module to Brazilian Portuguese. Results: The sample was characterized by a predominance of males (73%). Significant positive correlations were found between pruritus intensity and anxiety (r=0.33), depression (r=0.53), post-traumatic stress (r=0.43), and total Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound score (r=0.63). Conclusions: These findings reinforce the importance of assessing pruritus in comprehensive care for burn victims, aiming to reduce the psychological impact and improve health-related quality of life. (AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la relación entre la intensidad del prurito y las puntuaciones de ansiedad, depresión, estrés postraumático y la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud en pacientes víctimas de quemaduras. Método: Estudio transversal, realizado en dos ambulatorios de hospitales de quemados ubicados en municipios del interior de São Paulo. La muestra se constituyó por 60 pacientes que respondieron a los instrumentos de caracterización sociodemográfica y clínica, Escala Visual Numérica para evaluación de la intensidad del prurito, Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión, Escala de Impacto de Eventos para evaluación del estrés postraumático y la versión brasileña de la Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound. Resultados: La muestra se caracterizó por el sexo masculino (el 73%). Correlaciones positivas significativas se encontraron entre la intensidad de prurito y ansiedad (r=0,33), depresión (r=0,53), estrés postraumático (r=0,43) y puntuación total de la Freiburg Life Quality Assessment Wound(r=0,63). Conclusión: Esos hallazgos refuerzan la importancia de la evaluación del prurito en la atención integral a víctimas de quemadura, buscando la reducción del impacto psicológico y la mejora en la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Burns/psychology , Depression
2.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 16(2)May-Aug. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559134

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la salud mental es crucial para el bienestar y el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes universitarios. Los estudiantes de Kinesiología y Fisioterapia enfrentan desafíos únicos que pueden afectar su salud mental. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de trastornos mentales comunes en estudiantes de kinesiología y fisioterapia de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Metodología: se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. La muestra no probabilística estuvo compuesta por 150 estudiantes de Kinesiología y Fisioterapia de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, académicos, ocupacionales, de estilo de vida y psicopatológicos mediante la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés - 21 (DASS-21). El análisis se realizó mediante Jamovi con regresión logística binomial multivariada. Resultados: la frecuencia de depresión, ansiedad y estrés fue del 61,3 %, 72 % y 54,7 %, respectivamente. Los factores importantes para la depresión incluyeron ser un estudiante irregular, trabajar y no realizar actividad física. Para la ansiedad, fueron significativos ser estudiante irregular y ser mujer. Respecto al estrés, se encontraron relevantes ser estudiante irregular, trabajar y no realizar actividad física. Los modelos resultantes tuvieron clasificaciones correctas del 90,2 %, 88 % y 72 % para depresión, ansiedad y estrés, respectivamente. Conclusión: Este estudio reveló una alta frecuencia de depresión, ansiedad y estrés entre estudiantes de kinesiología y fisioterapia, lo que se asoció significativamente con irregularidad académica, empleo y falta de actividad física. Estos hallazgos subrayan la necesidad de implementar estrategias de intervención y programas de apoyo que aborden estos factores de riesgo para promover la salud mental y el bienestar de los futuros profesionales de la salud.


Introduction: mental health is crucial for university students' well-being and academic performance. Kinesiology and Physical Therapy students face unique challenges that can affect their mental health. Objective: to determine the frequency of common mental disorders in kinesiology and physical therapy students at the Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Methodology: this was an observational and descriptive cross-sectional study. The nonprobabilistic sample included 150 Kinesiology and Physiotherapy students from the Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Sociodemographic, academic, occupational, lifestyle, and psychopathological data were collected using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale - 21 (DASS-21). The analysis was performed using Jamovi with multivariate binomial logistic regression. Results: the frequency of depression, anxiety, and stress was 61.3 %, 72 %, and 54.7 %, respectively. The significant factors for depression included being an irregular student, working, and not engaging in physical activity. For anxiety, being an irregular student and being a woman were significant. Regarding stress, being an irregular student, working, and not engaging in physical activity were found to be relevant. The resulting models had correct classifications of 90.2 %, 88 %, and 72 % for depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. Conclusion: this study revealed a high frequency of depression, anxiety, and stress among kinesiology and physical therapy students, which was significantly associated with academic irregularity, employment, and a lack of physical activity. These findings underscore the need to implement intervention strategies and support programs that address these risk factors in order to promote the mental health and well-being of future health professionals.

3.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 260-282, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560625

ABSTRACT

El aislamiento social y el confinamiento forzado debido a la pandemia tuvo graves efectos en la salud mental de los estudiantes, que se manifestó cómo ansiedad y estrés. Objetivo. La investigación tuvo como propósito analizar los niveles de ansiedad en estudiantes de secundaria. Metodología. La búsqueda de información se realizó en las bases de datos Scopus y Ebsco, utilizando las ecuaciones: "Anxiety AND High school students", "Trait Anxiety AND High school students", "State anxiety AND High school students"; la información recabada se almacenó en la bandeja de Mendeley; dicha información fue analizada por títulos, resumen, palabras clave, resultados y conclusiones. El análisis de la información encriptada en Mendeley contó con 35 artículos, de los cuales 30 fueron cuantitativos y 5 cualitativos; además, el análisis por países demostró que las investigaciones sobre este tópico se realizaron con mayor énfasis en Brasil (6), en España (4) y en EE.UU. (4). El análisis de los aportes evidenció que la carencia de aparatos tecnológicos y el cambio de una educación presencial a otra virtual tuvo consecuencias inusuales de estrés y ansiedad en estudiantes y docentes. Además, se observó incremento en la agresividad, problemas en la salud mental, insomnio, pérdida del apetito entre otros. Conclusión. El confinamiento social y los cambios abruptos en la educación generaron en los agentes educativos trastornos en la salud mental y emocional.


Social isolation and forced confinement due to the pandemic had serious effects on students' mental health, which manifested as anxiety and stress. Objective. The purpose of the research was to analyze the levels of anxiety in high school students. Methodology: The information search was carried out in the Scopus and Ebsco databases, using the equations: "Anxiety AND High School Students", "Trait Anxiety AND High School Students", "State Anxiety AND High School Students"; the information collected was stored in the Mendeley tray; Said information was analyzed by titles, abstract, keywords, results and conclusions. The analysis of the encrypted information in Mendeley included 35 articles, of which 30 were quantitative and 5 qualitative; In addition, the analysis by countries disappeared because the research on this topic was carried out with greater emphasis in Brazil (6), in Spain (4) and in the US (4). The analysis of the contributions shows that the lack of technological devices and the change from face-to-face education to a virtual one had unusual consequences of stress and anxiety in students and teachers. In addition, an increase in aggressiveness, mental health problems, insomnia, loss of appetite, among others, was demonstrated. Conclusion: Social confinement and abrupt changes in education generate mental and emotional health disorders in educational agents.


O isolamento social e o confinamento forçado devido à pandemia tiveram efeitos graves na saúde mental dos estudantes, que se manifestaram sob a forma de ansiedade e stress. Objetivo: O objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar os níveis de ansiedade em estudantes do ensino médio. Metodologia. A busca de informações foi realizada nas bases de dados Scopus e Ebsco, utilizando as equações: "Ansiedade AND Estudantes do Ensino Médio", "Ansiedade Traço AND Estudantes do Ensino Médio", "Ansiedade Estado AND Estudantes do Ensino Médio"; as informações coletadas foram armazenadas na bandeja do Mendeley; Essas informações foram analisadas por títulos, resumo, palavras-chave, resultados e conclusões. A análise das informações criptografadas no Mendeley teve 35 artigos, sendo 30 quantitativos e 5 qualitativos; Além disso, a análise por país mostrou que as pesquisas sobre o tema foram realizadas com maior ênfase no Brasil (6), na Espanha (4) e nos Estados Unidos (4). A análise das contribuições mostrou que a falta de aparatos tecnológicos e a mudança do ensino presencial para o virtual tiveram consequências inusitadas de estresse e ansiedade em alunos e professores. Além disso, foi observado aumento da agressividade, problemas de saúde mental, insônia, perda de apetite, entre outros. Conclusão. O confinamento social e as mudanças bruscas na educação geraram transtornos de saúde mental e emocional nos agentes educacionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Review
4.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 154-163, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560624

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de burnout, también conocido como síndrome del desgaste o agotamiento físico y mental, constituye un problema de gran repercusión social en nuestros días. Objetivo. Identificar las dimensiones del síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes universitarios de la Carrera de Contaduría y Finanzas. Materiales y Método. Se desarrolló bajo un diseño observacional de corte transversal. En este sentido, un total de 161 estudiantes participaron en la investigación. Se utilizó el Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators. Resultados. Los participantes al ser clasificados en las diferentes dimensiones del síndrome burnout mostraron como regularidad diferencias significativas (p<1.056e-06), (p<1.199e-10), (p<1.309e-13) con 74 (46%) y 57 (35%), 85 (53%) y 47 (29%) y 91 (56%) y 39 (24%) para los niveles bajo y alto de las dimensiones agotamiento emocional, cinismo e ineficacia profesional, respectivamente. No se encontraron asociaciones estadísticas entre las dimensiones del síndrome y las variables edad, género y estado civil de los participantes. Conclusión. Existen diferencias significativas entre los valores de las dimensiones del síndrome de burnout en estudiantes de la Carrera de Contaduría y Finanzas; la mayor cantidad de participantes clasifican en los niveles bajo y alto de las tres dimensiones. Por otro lado, no se observaron asociaciones estadísticas al clasificar a los participantes según edad, género y estado civil. Estos hallazgos brindan información relevante sobre la prevalencia de las dimensiones del síndrome de burnout en estudiantes, lo que puede ser útil para el desarrollo de estrategias de prevención y apoyo.


Burnout syndrome, also known as burnout syndrome or physical and mental exhaustion, is a problem of great social repercussion nowadays. Objective. To identify the dimensions of burnout syndrome in university students of Accounting and Finance. Materials and Method. The study was developed under a cross-sectional observational design. In this sense, a total of 161 students participated in the research. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was used. Results. The participants when classified in the different dimensions of burnout syndrome showed as regularity significant differences (p<1.056e-06), (p<1.199e-10), (p<1.309e-13) with 74 (46%) and 57 (35%), 85 (53%) and 47 (29%) and 91 (56%) and 39 (24%) for the low and high levels of the dimensions emotional exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy, respectively. No statistical associations were found between the dimensions of the syndrome and the variables age, gender and marital status of the participants. Conclusion. There are significant differences between the values of the dimensions of burnout syndrome in Accounting and Finance students; most participants are classified in the low and high levels of the three dimensions. On the other hand, no statistical associations were observed when classifying participants according to age, gender and marital status. These findings provide relevant information on the prevalence of the dimensions of burnout syndrome in students, which may be useful for the development of prevention and support strategies.


A síndrome de burnout, também conhecida como síndrome de esgotamento ou exaustão física e mental, é um problema com grandes repercussões sociais nos dias de hoje. Objetivos. Identificar as dimensões da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes universitários de Contabilidade e Finanças. Material e Método. O estudo foi realizado através de um desenho observacional transversal. Participaram da pesquisa 161 estudantes. Foi utilizado o Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators. Resultados. Os participantes quando classificados nas diferentes dimensões da síndrome de burnout apresentaram regularmente diferenças significativas (p<1,056e-06), (p<1,199e-10), (p<1,309e-13) com 74 (46%) e 57 (35%), 85 (53%) e 47 (29%) e 91 (56%) e 39 (24%) para os níveis baixo e alto das dimensões exaustão emocional, cinismo e ineficácia profissional, respetivamente. Não foram encontradas associações estatísticas entre as dimensões da síndrome e as variáveis idade, género e estado civil dos participantes. Conclusões. Existem diferenças significativas entre os valores das dimensões da síndrome de burnout em estudantes de Contabilidade e Finanças; a maioria dos participantes está classificada nos níveis baixo e alto das três dimensões. Por outro lado, não foram observadas associações estatísticas ao classificar os participantes de acordo com a idade, o género e o estado civil. Estes resultados fornecem informações relevantes sobre a prevalência das dimensões da síndrome de burnout em estudantes, o que pode ser útil para o desenvolvimento de estratégias de prevenção e apoio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Psychological
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(4): e20230590, abr.2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557052

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável (CDI) pode causar níveis elevados de ansiedade e depressão, resultando em efeitos negativos na qualidade de vida. Objetivos Avaliar a qualidade de vida, a ansiedade e a aceitação do CDI por meio de instrumentos de medida padronizados e identificar preditores de melhores respostas para cada um dos desfechos estudados. Método Coorte prospectiva com pacientes submetidos a implante inicial de CDI ou reoperação para a manutenção do dispositivo. Os desfechos do estudo incluíram: qualidade de vida, ansiedade e aceitação do CDI. A mudança nos escores (30 e 180 dias) foi avaliada por meio da diferença mínima importante (DMI). Foi utilizada a análise univariada e o modelo de regressão logística multivariada para a identificação de preditores de melhores respostas, adotando-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados De janeiro/2020 a junho/2021 foram incluídos 147 pacientes, com idade média de 55,3 ± 13,4 anos e predomínio do sexo masculino (72,1%). A DMI para qualidade de vida, a ansiedade e a aceitação do CDI foram observadas em 33 (22,4%), 36 (24,5%) e 43 (29,3%) pacientes, respectivamente. Idade igual ou maior que 60 anos (OR=2,5; IC 95%=1,14-5,53; p=0,022), ausência de fibrilação atrial (OR=3,8; IC 95%=1,26-11,63; p=0,017) e sexo feminino (OR=2,2; IC 95%=1,02-4,97; p=0,045) foram preditores independentes de melhores respostas para qualidade de vida, ansiedade e aceitação do CDI, respectivamente. Conclusão A identificação de preditores para melhores escores de qualidade de vida, ansiedade e aceitação do dispositivo pode subsidiar a implementação de cuidados específicos para os pacientes com maiores chances de apresentar resultados desfavoráveis.


Abstract Background An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) can cause high levels of anxiety and depression, resulting in negative effects on quality of life. Objectives To evaluate the quality of life, anxiety, and acceptance of the ICD using standardized measurement instruments and identify predictors of better responses for each of the outcomes studied. Method This is a prospective cohort study with patients undergoing initial ICD implantation or reoperation to maintain the device. The study outcomes included quality of life, anxiety, and acceptance of the ICD. The change in scores (30 and 180 days) was assessed using the minimal important difference (MID). Univariate analysis and the multivariate logistic regression model were used to identify predictors of better responses, adopting a significance level of 5%. Results A total of 147 patients were included between January/2020 to June/2021, with a mean age of 55.3 ± 13.4 years and a predominance of males (72.1%). The MID for quality of life, anxiety, and ICD acceptance were observed in 33 (22.4%), 36 (24.5%) and 43 (29.3%) patients, respectively. Age equal to or greater than 60 years (OR=2.5; 95%CI=1.14-5.53; p=0.022), absence of atrial fibrillation (OR=3.8; 95%CI=1.26-11.63; p=0.017) and female gender (OR=2.2; 95%CI=1.02-4.97; p=0.045) were independent predictors of better responses to quality of life, anxiety and acceptance of the ICD, respectively. Conclusion The identification of predictors for better quality of life scores, anxiety, and acceptance of the device can support the implementation of specific care for patients with a greater chance of presenting unfavorable results.

6.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 299-307, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560635

ABSTRACT

Muchos universitarios no logran completar sus tareas escolares en el tiempo designado y optan por aplazar su realización. Esta conducta puede producir ansiedad e influir en su desempeño y responsabilidad académica. Objetivo: Determinar si existe relación entre la procrastinación y la ansiedad rasgo en estudiantes de primer año de la carrera de psicología de la Universidad Privada Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, en Perú. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación se desarrolló bajo un enfoque cuantitativo, de tipo no experimental, transeccional y correlacional. La muestra estuvo conformada por los 47 educandos inscritos en este año académico de esta carrera. Se recolectó la información mediante el cuestionario sobre la escala de procrastinación académica de Solomon y Rothblum; así como el de Inventario de la Ansiedad Rasgo-Estado propuesto por Spielberger y Díaz. Resultados: El 63.8 % y el 48.9 % de los alumnos tienen nivel medio de procrastinación y ansiedad rasgo respectivamente. Además, se determinó una correlación positiva débil (r=,111) donde (p>0,05), lo cual no es estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: No existe relación entre la procrastinación y ansiedad rasgo en este grupo de alumnos.


Many university students are unable to complete their schoolwork in the designated time and choose to postpone doing it. This behavior can cause anxiety and influence their academic performance and responsibility. Objective: Determine if there is a relationship between procrastination and trait anxiety in first-year psychology students at the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega Private University, in Peru. Materials and Methods: The research was developed under a quantitative, non-experimental, transectional and correlational approach. The sample was made up of the 47 students enrolled in this academic year of this career. The information was collected using the Solomon and Rothblum academic procrastination scale questionnaire; as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory proposed by Spielberger and Díaz. Results: 63.8% and 48.9% of the students have a medium level of procrastination and trait anxiety respectively. Furthermore, a weak positive correlation was determined (r=.111) where (p>0.05), which is not statistically significant. Conclusions: There is no relationship between procrastination and trait anxiety in this group of students.


Muitos estudantes universitários não conseguem concluir os trabalhos escolares no prazo designado e optam por adiá-los. Esse comportamento pode causar ansiedade e influenciar seu desempenho e responsabilidade acadêmica. Objetivo: Determinar se existe relação entre procrastinação e ansiedade-traço em estudantes do primeiro ano de psicologia da Universidade Privada Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, no Peru. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa foi desenvolvida sob abordagem quantitativa, não experimental, transecional e correlacional. A amostra foi constituída pelos 47 alunos matriculados neste ano letivo desta carreira. As informações foram coletadas por meio do questionário da escala de procrastinação acadêmica de Solomon e Rothblum; bem como o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado proposto por Spielberger e Díaz. Resultados: 63,8% e 48,9% dos estudantes apresentam nível médio de procrastinação e ansiedade-traço respectivamente. Além disso, foi determinada uma correlação positiva fraca (r=0,111) onde (p>0,05), o que não é estatisticamente significativo. Conclusões: Não existe relação entre procrastinação e ansiedade-traço neste grupo de estudantes.


Subject(s)
Humans
7.
Med. clín. soc ; 8(1)abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550537

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4) es una medida de autoinforme ultrabreve de síntomas depresivos y ansiosos. El PHQ-4 no ha sido adaptado ni validado en la población quechua hablante. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo adaptar y validar el PHQ-4 en una muestra de población peruana quechua hablante en su variante Collao de Puno-Perú. Metodología: Participaron 221 personas hablantes de quechua variante collao (promedio de edad de 31,2 años, SD = 11,7, 47,1 % hombres y 52,9 % mujeres). Se evaluó la evidencia de validez basada en la estructura interna, mediante el análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFA), la fiabilidad con el método de consistencia interna y las características de dificultad y discriminación de los ítems en base a la Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem (IRT). Resultados: Los resultados indicaron que todos los ítems del PHQ-4 son relevantes, coherentes y claros para representar adecuadamente los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. El resultado del AFC apoyó un modelo unifactorial, donde los ítems de ansiedad y depresión conforman una sola variable latente con una fiabilidad alta. Todos los ítems del PHQ-4 presentas buenos parámetros de discriminación y los parámetros de dificultad indican que los ítems son comparativamente difíciles. Por lo tanto, se necesita una mayor presencia del rasgo latente (ansiedad y depresión) para responder las categorías de respuesta más altas. Discusión: En conclusión, la PHQ-4 presentó buenas propiedades psicométricas como una medida de detección primaria rápida, confiable y válida para personas quechuahablantes que necesitan una evaluación profunda, monitoreo de los síntomas para diagnóstico y tratamiento para la ansiedad o depresión.


Introduction: The Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4) is an ultra-brief self-report measure of depression and anxiety symptoms. The PHQ-4 has not been adapted or validated in the Quechua-speaking population. Objective: This study aimed to adapt and validate the PHQ-4 in a sample of the Peruvian Quechua-speaking population with its Collao variant from Puno-Peru. Methods: A total of 221 Quechua speakers of the Collao variant (mean age 31.2 years, SD = 11.7, 47.1% male and 52.9% female) participated. Evidence of validity based on internal structure was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), reliability using the internal consistency method, and item difficulty and discrimination characteristics based on Item Response Theory (IRT). Results: The results indicated that all items of the PHQ-4 were relevant, consistent, and clear enough to adequately represent anxiety and depressive symptoms. The CFA results supported a one-factorial model, in which anxiety and depression items form a single latent variable with high reliability. All items of the PHQ-4 had good discrimination parameters, and the difficulty parameters indicated that the items were comparatively difficult. Therefore, a higher presence of the latent trait (anxiety and depression) is needed to answer higher response categories. Discussion: In conclusion, the PHQ-4 presented good psychometric properties as a rapid, reliable, and valid primary screening measure for Quechua speakers in need of in-depth assessment and symptom monitoring for the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety and depression.

8.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 13(1): 390, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1554958

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar los trastornos mentales de los pacientes consultantes del Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Universitario de Caracas enero 2020 ­enero 2021, que acudieron por primera vez y habían presentado infección por COVID-19 3 a 6 meses antes de consultar. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal en pacientes que acudieron al Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Universitario de Caracas para emergencia (por primera vez y sucesivas) por presentar patologías mentales durante y posterior a infección por COVID-19 durante el periodo enero 2020-enero 2021. Resultados: De 718 pacientes, 53 que acudieron con patologías mentales habían presentado infección previa por COVID-19 representando el 7,38%. Edad promedio 27-29 años (66,03 %). La mayoría del sexo femenino (71,69 %). El 77,35 % provenían del Distrito Capital; el 18,86 % del estado Miranda, siendo el estado civil predominante la soltería con 73,58 %; el 56,60 % estaban desempleados y el 79,24 % no poseían nivel de instrucción. En relación a los diagnósticos: trastorno depresivo mayor con síntomas ansiosos (30,18 %), trastorno depresivo (18,86 %), episodio maniforme (1,88 %) episodio psicótico agudo (18,86 %), trastorno de ansiedad generalizada (7,54 %), entre otros. Conclusión: Los síntomas psiquiátricos originados por infección por COVID-19 aparecen de forma más tardía y persisten después de la infección. Las mujeres manifestaron mayor riesgo de presentar síntomas relacionados con la salud mental; se asocia a alto nivel de vulnerabilidad a causa de la influencia de los roles sociales, ciclo reproductivo y mayor morbilidad psiquiátrica(AU)


Objective: To characterize the mental disorders of the consulting patients of the Psychiatry Service of the University Hospital of Caracas January 2020 -January 2021, who came for the first time and hapresented COVID-19 infection 3 to 6 monthsbefore consulting. Methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in patients who attended the Psychiatry Service of the University Hospital of Caracas for emergencies (for the first time and successive ones) due to presenting mental pathologies during and after COVID-19 during the period January 2020-January 2021. Results: Of 718 patients, 53 who came with mental pathologies had previous COVID-19 infection, representing 7.38%. Average age 27-29 years(66.03%). The majority were female (71.69%). 77.35% came from the Capital District; 18.86% from the state of Miranda, with the predominant marital status being single with 73.58%; 56.60% were unemployed and 79.24% had no educational level. In relation to the diagnoses: major depressive disorder with anxious symptoms (30.18%), depressive disorder (18.86%), maniform episode (1.88%), acute psychotic episode (18.86%), generalized anxiety disorder (7.54%), among others. Conclusion: Psychiatric symptoms caused by COVID-19 infection appear later and persist after infection. Women expressed a greater risk of presenting symptoms related to mental health; It is associated with a high level of vulnerability due to the influence of social roles, reproductive cycle and greater psychiatric morbidit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , COVID-19 , Stress, Psychological
9.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 57(1): 37-44, 20240401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553551

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Como ocurrió en todos los hospitales, los profesionales del Hospital de Clínicas sufrieron elevada presión física y psicológica. Estudios previos, sobre todo realizados en China, ya sugerían que los profesionales sanitarios eran especialmente vulnerables al malestar psicológico derivado de la pandemia. Objetivos: Determinar el nivel de ansiedad y miedo al COVID 19 en los médicos del área de Contingencia respiratoria del Hospital de Clínicas. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transverso, de muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia, en individuos de ambos sexos, mayores de 18 años, en médicos del área de Contingencia respiratoria del Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo durante la pandemia por el SARS-COV2. Resultados: Fueron encuestados 68 médicos, de los cuales el 63% fueron del sexo femenino, la edad promedio de los participantes fue de 31 años (±4,48). La mayoría de los encuestados fueron residentes. El 75% pertenecen a la especialidad de Medicina Interna. El 30.8% cuenta con 4 dosis de vacuna contra el SARSCOV 2. Presentaron síntomas de miedo al COVID-19 el 44,1%, de los cuales, los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: miedo a infectarse con el COVID-19 48,5%; incomodidad al pensar en el COVID19 39,7%; perder la vida a causa del COVID-19 el 30,8%. El 66,1% tiene criterios de Trastorno de Ansiedad Generalizada, de los cuales la mayoría sufre de Ansiedad Leve. Conclusión: Se observa una alta prevalencia de síntomas de Ansiedad y Miedo al COVID-19 en médicos de la Contingencia Respiratoria del Hospital de Clínicas.


Introduction: As happened in all hospitals, the professionals at the Hospital de Clínicas suffered high physical and psychological pressure. Previous studies, especially carried out in China, already suggested that health professionals were especially vulnerable to psychological distress derived from the pandemic. Objectives: Determine the level of anxiety and fear of COVID 19 in doctors of the Respiratory Contingency area of the Hospital de Clínicas. Materials and methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, non-probabilistic convenience sampling study was carried out in individuals of both sexes, over 18 years of age, in doctors from the Respiratory Contingency area of the Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo during the SARS-COV2 pandemic. Results: 68 doctors were surveyed, of which 63% were female; the average age of the participants was 31 years (±4.48). The majority of respondents were residents. 75% belong to the specialty of Internal Medicine. 30.8% have 4 doses of vaccine against SARSCOV 2. 44.1% presented symptoms of fear of COVID-19, of which the most frequent symptoms were: fear of becoming infected with COVID-19 48. 5%; discomfort when thinking about COVID19 39.7%; 30.8% lose their lives due to COVID-19. 66.1% have criteria for Generalized Anxiety Disorder, of which the majority suffer from Mild Anxiety. Conclusion: A high prevalence of symptoms of Anxiety and Fear of COVID-19 is observed in Respiratory Contingency doctors at the Hospital de Clínicas.

10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 57(1): 103-104, 20240401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555126

ABSTRACT

Experimentar ansiedad frente a exámenes desencadena una respuesta emocional acompañada de cambios fisiológicos que el estudiante siente ante una situación percibida como amenazante, específicamente ante una evaluación, examen escrito u oral; actualmente, se la cataloga dentro de las fobias específicas. El individuo que busca evitar o eludir dicho escenario cae en la conducta de procrastinación. Esto afecta su rendimiento académico y acarrea consecuencias graves de salud mental, el estudiante comienza a percibirse afectado en su autovalia, autoestima y en su ambiente social, que muchas veces lo lleva a contraer trastorno depresivo e ideación suicida. El presente artículo es un estudio de revisión bibliográfica y su objetivo fue describir la experiencia de la. ansiedad frente a exámenes como fobia específica situacional, las consecuencias de dicho padecimiento, su comorbilidad con otros trastornos psicológicos y los tratamientos disponibles. Fueron analizados y comparados unos 26 artículos científicos, basados en ensayos controlados de manera aleatoria, otros son estudios controlados de caso único, publicados en importantes revistas electrónicas de impacto. La búsqueda se realizó utilizando las palabras clave. Como conclusión, se destacó la importancia del conocimiento de esta patología, a fin de realizar un diagnóstico precoz y prevención en psicoterapia, evitando así un mayor deterioro en la salud mental de los estudiantes. No obstante, es necesaria la realización de más investigación controlada al respecto.


Experiencing test anxiety triggers an emotional response accompanied by physiological changes that the student feels in a situation perceived as threatening, specifically in the face of an evaluation, written or oral exam; Currently, it is classified as a specific phobia. The individual who seeks to avoid or avoid this scenario falls into procrastination behavior. This affects their academic performance and has serious mental health consequences. The student begins to feel affected in his or her self-worth, self-esteem, and social environment, which often leads him or her to contract a depressive disorder and suicidal ideation. This article is a bibliographic review study regarding experiencing test anxiety as a situational specific phobia, the consequences of said condition, its comorbidity with other psychological disorders and the available treatments. Some 26 scientific articles were analyzed and compared, based on randomized controlled trials, others are controlled single case studies, published in important impact electronic journals. The search was carried out using keywords. In conclusion, the importance of knowledge of this pathology was highlighted, in order to make an early diagnosis and prevention in psychotherapy, thus avoiding further deterioration in the mental health of students. However, more controlled research is needed in this regard.


Subject(s)
Test Anxiety/psychology , Students
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 31509, 2024 abr. 30. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553363

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Na pandemia desencadeada pela COVID-19, o desenvolvimento progressivo de sintomas de ansiedade e a má qualidade do sono devem ser investigados em profissionais e estudantes da área da saúde para o adequado manejo. Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência de problemas de sono e sintomas ansiosos em profissionais e estudantes da saúde, e analisar o efeito de variáveis sociodemográficas-clínicas na ansiedade e sono dessa população.Metodologia: Neste estudo transversal de caráter quantitativo aplicou-se um formulário online a 3.337 profissionais e estudantes da saúde do Brasil participantes de um congresso virtual, contendo 51 perguntas subdivididas em três categorias: Perfil sociodemográfico-clínico, Escala de Sono de Jenkins e Inventário de Ansiedade de BECK.Resultados: Dentre os participantes, 81,4% eram estudantes da área da saúde e 12,8% profissionais de saúde. Os achados obtidos indicam que 41% dos participantes apresentaram problemas de sono muito frequentes e 46,6% sinais de ansiedade moderada a grave. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre as variáveis sociodemográficas-clínicas e os questionários validados de sono e ansiedade. Conclusão: Essa pesquisa identificou importante prevalência de problemasde sono e sintomas ansiosos em profissionais e estudantes da saúde, sendo primordial a identificação precoce dessas alterações para um manejo efetivo (AU).


Introduction: In the pandemic triggered by COVID-19, the progressive development of anxiety symptoms and poor sleep quality should be investigated in healthcare professionals and students for proper management.Objective: To identify the prevalence of sleep problems and anxious symptoms in healthcare professionals and students, and to analyze the effect of sociodemographic-clinical variables on anxiety and sleep in this population. Methodology: In this cross-sectional quantitative study, an online form was applied to 3,337 healthcare professionals and students from Brazil participating in a virtual congress, containing 51 questions subdivided into three categories: Sociodemographic-clinical profile, Jenkins Sleep Scale and BECK Anxiety Inventory.Results: Among the participants, 81.4% were healthcare students and 12.8% were healthcare professionals. The findings indicate that 41% of the participants had very frequent sleep problems and 46.6% showed signs of moderate to severe anxiety. There was a statistically significant association between the sociodemographic-clinical variables and the validated sleep and anxiety questionnaires. Conclusion:This study identified a high prevalence of sleep problems and anxiety symptoms among healthcare professionals and students, and early identification of these alterations is essential for effective management (AU).


Introducción: En la pandemia desencadenada por el COVID-19, el desarrollo progresivo de síntomas de ansiedad y la mala calidad del sueño deben ser investigados en profesionales y estudiantes de la salud para su adecuado manejo. Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de problemas de sueño y síntomas ansiosos en profesionales y estudiantes de la salud, y analizar el efecto de las variables sociodemográficas-clínicas sobre la ansiedad y el sueño en esta población. Metodología:En este estudio transversal y cuantitativo, se aplicó un formulario línea 3.337 profesionales y estudiantes de la salud de Brasil que participaron en un congreso virtual, conteniendo 51 preguntas subdivididas en tres categorías: perfil sociodemográfico-clínico, Escala de Sueño de Jenkins e Inventario de Ansiedad de BECK. Resultados: Entre los participantes, 81,4% eran estudiantes de salud y 12,8% profesionales de la salud. Los resultados indican que el 41% de los participantes tenía problemas de sueño muy frecuentes y el 46,6% mostraba signos de ansiedad de moderada a grave. Hubo una asociación estadísticamentesignificativa entre las variables sociodemográficas-clínicas y los cuestionarios validados de sueño y ansiedad. Conclusión:Este estudio identificó una alta prevalencia de problemas de sueño y síntomas de ansiedad en profesionales de la salud y estudiantes, y la identificación precoz de estas alteraciones es esencial para un manejo eficaz (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety/psychology , Students, Health Occupations , Health Personnel , COVID-19/transmission , Sleep Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Affective Disorders, Psychotic , Social Determinants of Health
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 34483, 2024 abr. 30. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar a correlação entre a ansiedade com qualidade do sono e sonolência diurna dos estudantes universitários em curso de graduação em enfermagem, assim como caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico dos estudantes. Metodologia:Estudodescritivo transversalcom abordagem quantitativa envolvendo 255 acadêmicos do curso de Enfermagem de uma instituição privada. A coleta dos dados ocorreu em Outubro de 2022 em salas de aula. Os instrumentos utilizados na coleta dos dados foram o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck,Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh, Escala de Sonolência de Epwort-th e um questionário sociodemográfico. Utilizou-se o software estatístico R versão 4.0.2 e foram feitas suas correlações. Resultados: Foram encontrados padrões de ansiedade grave, com níveis de sonolência diurna anormal. A correlação entre o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beckcom a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e o Índice de Qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh, que embora tenha sido considerada fraca a moderada, por sua vez mostrou-se significativa (r=0,29; p=0,01). Ademais, temos que, a relação entre oinventário de Becke o Índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh mostrou-se também com valor de significância (r=0,35; p=0,01). Conclusões:Foi possível compreender que a ansiedade pode interferir na qualidade do sono e sonolência diurna do público de estudantes de Enfermagem (AU).


Objective: To evaluate the correlation between anxiety and sleep quality and daytime sleepiness among undergraduate nursing students, as well as to characterize the students' sociodemographic profile. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach involving 255 nursing students from a private institution. Data collection took place in October 2022 in classrooms. The instruments used to collect the data were the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epwort-Th Sleepiness Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Statistical software R version 4.0.2 was used and correlations were made. Results:Patterns of severe anxiety were found, with abnormal levels of daytime sleepiness. The correlation between the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, although considered weak to moderate, was significant (r=0.29; p=0.01). Furthermore, the relationship between the Beck Inventory and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was also found to be significant (r=0.35; p=0.01). Conclusions:It was possible to understand that anxiety can interfere with the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness among nursing students (AU).


Objetivo:Evaluar la correlación entre la ansiedad y la calidad del sueño y la somnolencia diurna en estudiantes universitarios de enfermería, así como caracterizar el perfil sociodemográfico de los estudiantes. Metodología:Estudio descriptivo transversal con enfoque cuantitativo en el que participaron 255 estudiantes universitarios de enfermería de una institución privada. La recogida de datos tuvo lugar en octubre de 2022 en las aulas. Los instrumentos utilizados para la recogida de datos fueron el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck, el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, la Escala de Somnolencia de Epwort-Th y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se utilizó el software estadístico R versión 4.0.2 y se realizaron correlaciones. Resultados:Se encontraron patrones de ansiedad severa, con niveles anormales de somnolencia diurna. La correlación entre el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck con la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh, aunque se consideró de débil a moderada, fue significativa (r=0,29; p=0,01). Además, la relación entre el Inventario de Beck y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh también resultó significativa (r=0,35; p=0,01). Conclusiones: Se pudo comprender que la ansiedad puede interferir en la calidad del sueño y en la somnolencia diurna de los estudiantes de enfermería (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Students, Nursing , Sleep Quality , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence/psychology , Sleep Wake Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Social Determinants of Health , Sociodemographic Factors
13.
aSEPHallus ; 19(37): 37-55, nov.- abr.2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1561181

ABSTRACT

O conceito de fantasma possui uma importância crucial para o enquadramento da experiência em psicanálise. Este artigo pretende situar o lugar e a função do fantasma neurótico na experiência analítica partindo da função da fala, tal como proposto por Lacan. Para tanto, selecionamos alguns textos e seminários de Lacan situados entre os anos de 1953 a 1964. Nossa hipótese de trabalho consiste na suposição de que, ao enquadrar uma realidade constituída inconscientemente enquanto resposta ao desejo do Outro, o fantasma serve para perpetuar ao neurótico um senso de ser idêntico a si mesmo à medida em que tende a promover um apagamento de contradições provenientes da posição que, como sujeito, ocupa em relação a este desejo. Ao ser concebida como irrupção de um objeto com valor de não-eu no enquadre fantasmático, a angústia produz um efeito reverso, constituindo, por conseguinte, tanto uma contraprova quanto um apoio na demonstração dessa hipótese.


Le concept de fantôme revêt une importance cruciale pour encadrer l'expérience en psychanalyse. Cet article veut situer la place et la fonction du fantasme névrotique dans l'expérience analytique à partir de la fonction de la parole, comme le propose Lacan. Pour cela, nous avons sélectionné quelques textes et séminaires de Lacan situés entre les années 1953 et 1964. Notre hypothèse de travail est qu'en encadrant une réalité inconsciemment constituée en réponse au désir de l'Autre, le fantôme sert à perpétuer chez le névrosé un sentiment d'être identique à lui-même dans la mesure où il tend à favoriser un effacement des contradictions nées de la position qu'il occupe, en tant que sujet, par rapport à ce désir. Conçue comme l'irruption d'un objet ayant valeur de non-moi dans le cadre fantasmatique, l'angoisse produit un effet inverse, constituant donc à la fois une contre-preuve et un support à la démonstration de cette hypothèse.


The concept of the phantasm holds a crucial importance for framing the experience in psychoanalysis. This article aims to situate the place and function of the neurotic phantasm in the analytical experience, starting from the function of speech as proposed by Lacan. To do so, we have selected some texts and seminars by Lacan between the years of 1953 to 1964. Our working hypothesis is that by framing an unconsciously constituted reality as a response to the Other's desire, the phantasm serves to perpetuate in the neurotic subject a sense of being identical to themselves as it tends to promote an erasure of contradictions arising from the subject's position in relation to this desire. When conceived as the irruption of an object with a non-ego value in the phantasmatic frame, anxiety produces a reverse effect, thereby constituting both a counterproof and a support in demonstrating this hypothesis.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Psychoanalysis , Unconscious, Psychology
14.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558177

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the vital signs related with different dental treatments, and correlate with demographic data and participants' anxiety level. This is a prospective clinical study with 60 participants, divided into 3 groups of dental procedures: (1) restorative treatment, (2) extractions and biopsies, and (3) gingival treatment. A level of anxiety questionnaire before dental procedure proposed by Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale was collected. Respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic pressure, temperature and oxygenation were measured before, during and after the procedures. 31 (51.7 %) women and 29 (48.3 %) men were included, with mean age of 41.75 years old. Most participants (50 %) were classified as very little anxious. Diastolic pressure before the procedure was higher for slightly anxious patients when compar ed with very little anxious patients (p=0.028). Systolic pressure before, during and after the procedure was higher for participan ts above 40 years old (p=0,001). Heart rate (p=0,050) and temperature (p=0,041) was higher before the restorative treatment. Anxiety can promote changes in vital signs in the dental environment. Vital signs, sex, age and level of anxiety do influence the blood pressure at different clinical moments. Dental procedures have association with variations in temperature, heart and respiratory rate.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los signos vitales relacionados con diferentes tratamientos dentales y correlacionarlos con datos demográficos y el nivel de ansiedad de los participantes. Este es un estudio clínico prospectivo con 60 participantes, divididos en 3 grupos de procedimientos dentales: (1) tratamiento restaurador, (2) extracciones y biopsias, y (3) tratamiento gingival. Se recogió un cuestionario de nivel de ansiedad antes del procedimiento odontológico propuesto por la Escala de Ansiedad Dental de Corah. Se midieron la frecuencia respiratoria, la presión sistólica y diastólica, la temperatura y la oxigenación antes, durante y después de los procedimientos. Se incluyeron 31 (51,7 %) mujeres y 29 (48,3 %) hombres, con edad media de 41,75 años. La mayoría de los participantes (50 %) fueron clasificados como muy poco ansiosos. La presión diastólica antes del procedimiento fue mayor en los pacientes ligeramente ansiosos en comparación con los pacientes muy poco ansiosos(p=0,028). La presión sistólica antes, durante y después del procedimiento fue mayor para los participantes mayores de 40 años (p=0,001). La frecuencia cardíaca (p=0,050) y la temperatura (p=0,041) fueron mayores antes del tratamiento restaurativo. La ansiedad puede promover cambios en los signos vitales en el entorno dental. Los signos vitales, el sexo, la edad y el nivel de ansiedad sí influyen en la presión arterial en los diferentes momentos clínicos. Los procedimientos dentales tienen asociación con variaciones de temperatura, frecuencia cardíaca y respiratoria.

15.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 14Mar.2024. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552594

ABSTRACT

Diante dos desafios que concernem a adaptação acadêmica, a ansiedade que se dá em meio às múltiplas dificuldades inerentes a este contexto é um aspecto considerável. Considerando diferentes potenciais fontes de ansiedade na experiência universitária, foram elaboradas duas oficinas em formato online, cada uma composta por cinco sessões, com o intuito de auxiliar estudantes universitários a lidar com a ansiedade em meio acadêmico. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a efetividade dessas oficinas. Participaram17 estudantes, dos quais, de acordo com o método de análise estatística utilizado, pautado no índice de mudança confiável, 14 apresentaram melhoras em seus quadros de ansiedade e, destes, dois apresentaram mudanças particularmente notáveis em termos estatísticos. Com os resultados apresentados, pode-se perceber que o desenvolvimento de intervenções com estudantes universitários em diferentes formatos pode ser de grande valia para essa população no que tange suas dificuldades de adaptação à universidade(AU).


Faced with the challenges related to academic adaptation, the anxiety that occurs amid the multiple difficulties inherent in this context is a considerable aspect. Considering different sources of anxiety in the university experience, two online workshops were developed, each consisting of five sessions, in order to help university students deal with anxiety in academia. The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention. Participated in the workshops 17 students, of which, according to the statistical analysis method used, based on the index of reliable change, 14 showed improvements in their anxiety of these, two showed particularly remarkable changes in statistical terms. With the results presented, it is possible to see that the developmentof interventions with university students in different formats can be of great value to this population regarding their difficulties of adaptation to the university (AU).


Frente a los desafíos que afectan a la adaptación académica, la ansiedad que se da en medio de las múltiples dificultades inherentes a este contexto es un aspecto considerable. Considerando diferentes fuentes de ansiedad en la universidad, se elaboraron dos talleres en formato online, compuestos por cinco sesiones, con el fin de ayudar a estudiantes a lidiar con la ansiedad en medio académico. El estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la efectividad de la intervención. Participaron 17 estudiantes, de los cuales, de acuerdo con el método de análisis estadístico utilizado, pautado en el índice de cambio confiable, 14 presentaron mejoras en sus cuadros de ansiedad y, de ellos, dos presentaron cambios particularmente notables en términos estadísticos. Con los resultados presentados, se puede percibir que el desarrollo de intervenciones con estudiantes universitarios en diferentes formatos puede ser de gran valor para esa población en lo que respecta a sus dificultades de adaptación universitaria (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Work
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13344, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557312

ABSTRACT

Reminiscence therapy (RT) attenuates psychological disorders in cancer patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of RT on anxiety, depression, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer. A total of 222 elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer were randomized into RT group (RT plus usual care, n=112) or control group (usual care, n=110) with a 6-month intervention. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for Anxiety (HADS-A) and Depression (HADS-D), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp), and Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) were evaluated at month (M)0, M1, M3, and M6. Concerning the primary outcome, HADS-A score at M6 decreased in the RT group compared to the control group (P=0.005). As to secondary outcomes, the RT group showed decreased HADS-A scores at M3, anxiety rate at M3, HADS-D scores at M3 and M6, depression rate at M6, as well as greater FACIT-Sp scores at M1, M3, and M6 vs the control group (all P<0.050). Additionally, QLQ-C30 global health score was elevated at M1 (P=0.046) and M6 (P=0.005), functions score was greater at M6 (P=0.038), and symptoms score was lower at M3 (P=0.019) in the RT group than in the control group. Subgroup analysis revealed that the addition of RT was more effective for patients with anxiety or depression at baseline. In summary, RT alleviated anxiety and depression, and improved the spiritual well-being and quality of life within 6 months in elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer.

17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13389, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557320

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 outbreak, there was a sharp increase in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Acupuncture therapy has the advantages of accurate clinical efficacy, safety and reliability, few adverse reactions, and no dependence, and is gradually becoming one of the emerging therapies for treating GAD. We present a study protocol for a randomized clinical trial with the aim of exploring the mechanism of brain plasticity in patients with GAD and evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of acupuncture treatment. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) will be used to assess cortical excitability in GAD patients and healthy people. Sixty-six GAD patients meeting the inclusion criteria will be randomly divided into two groups: TA group, (treatment with acupuncture and basic western medicine treatment) and SA group (sham acupuncture and basic western medicine treatment). Twenty healthy people will be recruited as the control group (HC). The parameters that will be evaluated are amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs), cortical resting period (CSP), resting motor threshold (RMT), and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score. Secondary results will include blood analysis of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate (Glu), glutamine (Gln), serotonin (5-HT), and brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF). Outcomes will be assessed at baseline and after the intervention (week 8). This study protocol is the first clinical trial designed to detect differences in cerebral cortical excitability between healthy subjects and patients with GAD, and the comparison of clinical efficacy and reliability before and after acupuncture intervention is also one of the main contents of the protocol. We hope to find a suitable non-pharmacological alternative treatment for patients with GAD.

18.
Salud ment ; 47(1): 3-12, Jan.-Feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560490

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Anxiety, mood- and stress-related behaviors are regulated by sex hormones in pregnant and non-pregnant women. Very scarce information exists about the role of sex steroids in pregnant women displaying high levels of anxiety. Objective To determine sex hormones serum levels in pregnant women exhibiting high levels of anxiety symptoms. Method The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS/ HAM-A) was used to assess the intensity of anxiety symptoms in third-trimester pregnant women. Two groups were included in the study, pregnant women exhibiting severe anxiety (ANX; HARS scores ≥ 25; n = 101) and healthy control subjects (CTRL; n = 40) displaying lower scores for anxiety (HARS scores ≤ 7). Estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), and testosterone (T) serum levels were measured using a standard chemiluminescent immunoassay. Bivariate and partial correlations were performed to detect significant associations between groups, clinical measures, biochemical data, and HARS scores. Results The anxiety group (ANX) showed an increase in E2 and T serum levels (p < .001) compared to CTRL. Conversely, significantly lower P4 levels were found in the symptomatic group (p < .001) as compared to the CTRL hormone values. The P4:E2 index was significantly reduced in pregnant women with high levels of anxiety (p < .001). Negative correlations between anxiety (HARS) scores, P4 serum levels (p = .02), and P4:E2 ratio (p = .04) were found in the symptomatic group. Conversely, T serum levels displayed a positive association (p = .001) with high levels of anxiety symptoms in the same group, after adjusting our data by clinical confounders. Discussion and conclusion Serum levels of sex-steroid hormones are altered in pregnant women exhibiting severe anxiety.


Resumen Introducción La ansiedad, el estado de ánimo y el estrés están regulados por diversos esteroides sexuales. Existe poca información sobre el papel que juegan estos esteroides en mujeres embarazadas con niveles elevados de ansiedad. Objetivo Determinar los niveles séricos de hormonas sexuales en mujeres embarazadas con altos índices de síntomas de ansiedad con respecto a mujeres gestantes sanas. Método Determinación de la intensidad de síntomas ansiosos empleando la escala de Hamilton de Ansiedad (HAM-A) en 141 mujeres embarazadas en el tercer trimestre de gestación. Cuantificación de los niveles séricos de estradiol (E2), progesterona (P4) y testosterona (T) por inmunoensayo estándar. Aplicación de las correlaciones de Pearson para detectar asociaciones entre parámetros clínicos y valores hormonales entre los grupos de estudio. Resultados Las mujeres con ansiedad severa (ANX; n = 101; HAM-A ≥ 25) mostraron niveles séricos más altos de E2 y T (p < .001), así como niveles más bajos de P4 (p < .001) en relación con el grupo control (CTRL, n = 40, HAM-A < 7). Se detectó una disminución significativa en el índice P4:E2 en el grupo de ANX (p < .001) y se observaron correlaciones negativas y positivas entre los puntajes elevados de ansiedad con los niveles circulantes de P4 (p = .02), en la taza P4:E2 (p = .04) y en los niveles séricos de T (p = .001) respectivamente, al ajustar nuestros datos con variables confusoras. Discusión y conclusión Los niveles circulantes de los esteroides sexuales se encontraron alterados en mujeres con ansiedad severa.

19.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-10, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554316

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar fatores associados à ansiedade e depressão em profissionais de saúde que prestam assistência a pacientes com COVID-19 em um hospital público de Recife. Método: estudo transversal, com aplicação de questionário online contendo variáveis sociodemográficas e relacionadas ao trabalho e instrumento escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse. Realizadas análises descritivas das variáveis independentes e análise bivariada usando regressão linear da relação entre a variável dependente e das variáveis independentes. Resultados: 77 profissionais responderam ao questionário. A fisioterapia foi a categoria profissional associada à ansiedade, e o setor de atuação no COVID- 19 e o tempo de exercício foram associados à depressão. Conclusão: são imprescindíveis as ações de promoção da saúde mental desses profissionais, considerando, principalmente, os impactos da pandemia de COVID-19.


Aim: This article aimed to analyze factors associated with anxiety and depression in health professionals who provide care to patients with COVID-19 in Recife public hospital. Method: cross-sectional study, with the application of an online questionnaire containing sociodemographic and work-related variables and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale instrument. Descriptive analyses of the independent variables and bivariate analysis were performed using linear regression of the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. Results: 77 professionals answered the questionnaire. Physiotherapy was the professional category associated with anxiety, and the sector of activity in COVID-19 and exercise time were associated with depression. Conclusion: actions to promote the mental health of these professionals are essential, mainly considering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Stress, Psychological , Depression , Health Promotion
20.
Horiz. med. (Impresa) ; 24(1): e2501, ene.-mar. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557941

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre factores psicosociales laborales y la presencia de sintomatología de ansiedad o depresión en el personal de salud de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) del Hospital Regional Eleazar Guzmán Barrón de Nuevo Chimbote. Materiales y métodos: El método fue cuantitativo, observacional, no experimental, de corte transversal y descriptivo-correlacional. La población estuvo conformada por los 70 trabajadores de la UCI del hospital; la muestra fue censal. La técnica empleada fue la aplicación de la encuesta. Los instrumentos fueron el Cuestionario de factores psicosociales en el trabajo aplicados a trabajadores peruanos, validado con un alfa de Cronbach de 0,9; la escala de ansiedad de Lima (EAL-20), validada con un alfa de Cronbach de 0,89, y la escala de psicopatología depresiva (EPD-6), validada con un alfa de Cronbach de 0,7359. Para la recopilación, procesamiento y análisis de datos se utilizó el programa SPSS, versión 26, y se aplicó estadística descriptiva, mientras que para la asociación de variables se empleó la prueba ji al cuadrado. Resultados: El factor psicosocial laboral más bajo fue el papel laboral y desarrollo de la carrera (57,10 %), donde el personal de enfermería fue el más afectado (27,10 %). El factor psicosocial laboral más alto fue la remuneración del rendimiento (40,00 %), donde el personal técnico de enfermería fue el más afectado (30,00 %). Conclusiones: Las condiciones laborales, la carga de trabajo, las exigencias laborales, el contenido y las características de la tarea fueron las dimensiones laborales que se asociaron a la aparición de la sintomatología de ansiedad; asimismo, el contenido y las características de la tarea, las exigencias y el papel laboral y desarrollo de la tarea fueron las dimensiones que se asociaron a la aparición de síntomas de depresión.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association between psychosocial work factors and anxiety or depression symptoms among health workers of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at Hospital Regional Eleazar Guzmán Barrón in Nuevo Chimbote. Materials and methods: The study used a quantitative, observational, non-experimental, cross-sectional and descriptivecorrelational research design. The population consisted of 70 workers of the hospital's ICU. A census sampling and survey technique were employed. The instruments were the following: Questionnaire on Psychosocial Work Factors Administered to Peruvian Workers, validated with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.9; Lima Anxiety Scale (EAL-20), validated with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.89; and Psychopathology Scale for Depressive Disorders (EPD-6), validated with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.7359. By applying descriptive statistics, IBM SPSS Statistics V26 was used for data collection, processing and analysis, and the chi-square test for the association of variables. Results: The lowest psychosocial work factor was work role and career development (57.10 %), with the nursing staff being the most affected one (27.10 %). The highest psychosocial work factor was performance-based remuneration (40.00 %), with the technical nursing staff being the most affected one (30.00 %). Conclusions: Working conditions, workload, work demands and content and characteristics of the task were the work dimensions associated with the occurrence of anxiety symptoms; likewise, content and characteristics of the task, work demands, and work role and career development were the dimensions associated with the occurrence of depression symptoms.

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