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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e251336, 2024. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bulbine natalensis and Chorophytum comosum are potential medicinal source for the treatment of cancers. Chronic myeloid leukaemia is a hematopoietic stem cells disorder treated by tyrosine kinase inhibitors but often cause recurrence of the leukaemia after cessation of therapy, hence require alternative treatment. This study determines the anti-cancer effect of leaf, root and bulb methanolic and aqueous extracts of B. natalensis and C. comosum in chronic human myelogenous leukaemia (K562) cell line by MTT, Hoechst bis-benzimide nuclear and annexin V stain assays. The root methanolic extract of B. natalensis and C. comosum showed a high cytotoxicity of 8.6% and 16.7% respectively on the K562 cell line at 1,000 μg/ml concentration. Morphological loss of cell membrane integrity causing degradation of the cell and fragmentation were observed in the root methanolic extract of both plants. A high apoptosis (p < 0.0001) was induced in the K562 cells by both leaf and root extracts of the C. comosum compared to the B. natalensis. This study shows both plants possess apoptotic effect against in vitro myelogenous leukaemia which contributes to the overall anti-cancer properties of B. natalensis and C. comosum to justify future therapeutic applications against chronic myelogenous leukaemia blood cancer.


Resumo Bulbine natalensis Baker e Chorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques são potenciais fontes medicinais para o tratamento de cânceres. A Leucemia Mieloide Crônica (LMC) é um distúrbio das células-tronco hematopoiéticas que é tratado com inibidores da tirosina quinase, mas frequentemente, causa recorrência da leucemia após a interrupção da terapia, portanto, requer um tratamento alternativo. Este estudo determinou o efeito anticancerígeno de extratos metanólicos e aquosos de folha, raiz e bulbo de B. natalensis e C. comosum na linhagem celular de leucemia mieloide humana crônica (K562) por ensaios de MTT, Hoechst bis-benzimida nuclear e anexina V. O extrato metanólico da raiz de B. natalensis e C. comosum apresentou alta citotoxidade de 8,6% e 16,7% respectivamente, na linhagem celular K562 com a concentração de 1,000 μg / ml. Perda morfológica da integridade da membrana celular causando degradação dos núcleos, citoplasma e encolhimento celular foi observada no extrato metanólico da raiz de ambas as plantas. Uma alta apoptose (p <0,0001) foi induzida nas células K562 por extratos de folhas e raízes de C. comosum em comparação com B. natalensis. Este estudo mostrou que ambas as plantas possuem efeito apoptótico contra leucemia mieloide in vitro que contribui para as propriedades anticâncer gerais de B. natalensis e C. comosum para justificar futuras aplicações terapêuticas contra câncer de sangue de LMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Xanthorrhoeaceae , Apoptosis , K562 Cells
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248746, 2023. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers leading to comorbidities and mortalities globally. The rational of current study was to evaluate the combined epigallocatechin gallate and quercetin as a potent antitumor agent as commentary agent for therapeutic protocol. The present study investigated the effect of epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) (150mg) and quercetin (200mg) at different proportions on proliferation and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (HCT-116). Cell growth, colonogenic, Annexin V in addition cell cycle were detected in response to phytomolecules. Data obtained showed that, the colony formation was inhibited significantly in CRC starting from the lowest concentration tested of 10 µg/mL resulting in no colonies as visualized by a phase-contrast microscope. Data showed a significant elevation in the annexin V at 100 µg/mL EGCG(25.85%) and 150 µg/mL quercetin (48.35%). Moreover, cell cycle analysis showed that this combination caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase at concentration of 100 µg/mL (72.7%) and 150 µg/mL (75.25%). The combined effect of epigallocatechin Gallate and quercetin exert antiproliferative activity against CRC, it is promising in alternative conventional chemotherapeutic agent.


Resumo O câncer colorretal (CCR) é um dos cânceres mais comuns, levando a comorbidades e mortalidade em todo o mundo. O racional do presente estudo foi avaliar a combinação de galato de epigalocatequina e quercetina como um agente antitumoral potente como agente de comentário para protocolo terapêutico. O presente estudo investigou o efeito de galato de epigalocatequina (EGCG) (150 mg) e quercetina (200 mg) em diferentes proporções na proliferação e indução de apoptose em células de câncer de cólon humano (HCT-116). O crescimento celular, colonogênico, anexina V, além do ciclo celular foram detectados em resposta a fitomoléculas. Os dados obtidos mostraram que a formação de colônias foi inibida significativamente no CRC a partir da concentração mais baixa testada de 10 µg/mL, resultando em nenhuma colônia conforme visualizado por um microscópio de contraste de fase. Os dados mostraram uma elevação significativa na anexina V a 100 µg/mL de EGCG (25,85%) e 150 µg/mL de quercetina (48,35%). Além disso, a análise do ciclo celular mostrou que essa combinação causou parada do ciclo celular na fase G1 na concentração de 100 µg/mL (72,7%) e 150 µg/mL (75,25%). O efeito combinado da epigalocatequina galato e quercetina exerce atividade antiproliferativa contra o CCR, é promissor como agente quimioterápico alternativo convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Catechin/pharmacology , Quercetin/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Annexin A5 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
3.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 161-167, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364369

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative autoimmune chronic neurological disease. Currently, there are no effective serum biomarkers to verify MS diagnosis, to assess disease prognosis, and evaluate response to MS treatment. Objective: The present study is a preliminary assessment of irisin and nesfatin-1 serum levels in patients with relapsing- remitting MS (RRMS). Methods: A total of 86 participants, 42 patients with RRMS diagnosis and 44 healthy controls were included in the study. The serum irisin and nesfatin-1 parameters of the patients and control group members were analyzed. Results: Irisin and nesfatin-1 levels of the RRMS patients were significantly lower than the controls (z: -3.82, p<0.001; z: -4.79, p<0.001, respectively) The cut-off level of irisin is 10.390 (ng/mL) (sensitivity: 84.1%, specificity: 71.4%, AUC: 0.800), and the cut-off level of nestatin-1 is 7.155 (ng/mL) (sensitivity: 68.2%, specificity: 64.3%, AUC: 0.739) in the ROC analysis. For these cut-off levels in the case-control groups, the lower irisin and nesfatin-1 levels are the independent variables for MS patients (OR 9.723, 95%CI 2.884-32.785, p<0.001; OR 3.992, 95%CI 1.336-11.928, p<0.001) respectively. Conclusion: The present study revealed lower irisin and nesfatin-1 levels in patients with RRMS. These findings suggest that the decreased levels of irisin and nesfatin-1 peptides may contribute to MS pathogenesis such as inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in MS, leading to demyelination, axonal damage with neuronal loss, and gliosis.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A esclerose múltipla (EM) é uma doença neurológica crônica autoimune inflamatória e neurodegenerativa. Atualmente, não há biomarcadores séricos eficazes para verificar o diagnóstico de EM, para avaliar o prognóstico da doença e avaliar a resposta ao tratamento de EM. Objetivo: O presente estudo é uma avaliação preliminar dos níveis séricos de irisina e nesfatina-1 em pacientes com EM recorrente-remitente (EMRR). Métodos: Um total de 86 participantes, 42 pacientes com diagnóstico de EMRR e 44 controles saudáveis, foram incluídos no estudo. Os parâmetros séricos de irisina e nesfatina-1 dos pacientes e membros do grupo controle foram analisados. Resultados: Os níveis de irisina e nesfatina-1 dos pacientes com EMRR foram significativamente mais baixos do que os dos controles (z: -3,82, p <0,001; z: -4,79, p <0,001, respectivamente). O nível de corte de irisina é 10,390 (ng/mL) (sensibilidade: 84,1%, especificidade: 71,4%, AUC: 0,800), e o nível de corte de nestatina-1 é 7,155 (ng/mL) (sensibilidade: 68,2%, especificidade: 64,3%, AUC: 0,739) na análise ROC. Para esses níveis de corte nos grupos de caso-controle, os níveis mais baixos de irisina e nesfatina-1 são as variáveis independentes para pacientes com EM (OR 9,723, IC95% 2,884-32,785, p <0,001; OR 3,992, IC95% 1,336-11,928, p <0,001) respectivamente. Conclusão: O presente estudo revelou níveis mais baixos de irisina e nesfatina-1 em pacientes com EMRR. Esses achados sugerem que os níveis diminuídos de peptídeos irisina e nesfatina-1 podem contribuir para a patogênese da EM, como inflamação, estresse oxidativo e apoptose na EM, levando à desmielinização, dano axonal com perda neuronal e gliose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting , Multiple Sclerosis , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies
4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 277-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920861

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria is one of the important organelles, which is composed of outer mitochondrial membrane and inner mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondrial structure and function are regulated by mitochondrial dynamics. Mitochondrial fusion- and fission-related proteins may participate in the process of mitochondrial fusion and fission, mediate mitochondrial dynamics, thereby regulating cell structure, function and energy metabolism. Mitofusin (MFN) 2, a protein located on the outer mitochondrial membrane of mammalian, has guanosine triphosphatase activity, which may mediate mitochondrial fusion, participate in mitophagy, formation of mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane and apoptosis, and significantly affect the incidence and development of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In this article, the structure, regulation, function of MFN2 and its role in IRI were reviewed, and the relationship between MFN2 and IRI and underlying mechanism were investigated, aiming to provide novel targets and ideas for the prevention and treatment of IRI.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 542-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of acteoside on hypoxia/reoxygena tion(H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte damage by regulating Rho family GTPase 3(Rnd3)/nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)pathway. METHODS The H 9c2 cardiomyocyte were divided into control group (no administration ,no modeling ),H/R group (only modeling ),H/R+AS-L group ,H/R+AS-M group , H/R+AS-H group (10,30,90 μmol/L acteoside for above 3 groups firstly ,and then modeling ),H/R+pcDNA group [transfecting pcDNA (empty vector ) firstly,and then modeling] ,H/R + pcDNA-Rnd 3 group [overexpression of Rnd 3 by transfecting pcDNA-Rnd3(Rnd3 overexpression vector )firstly,and then modeling] ,H/R+AS-H+si-NC group [transfecting si-NC (negative control)firstly,and then giving 90 μmol/L acteoside and modeling],H/R+AS-H+si-Rnd3 group [inhibiting overexpression of Rnd 3 by transfecting si-Rnd 3 (Rnd3 small interfering RNA ) firstly,and then giving 90 μ mol/L acteoside and modeling]. After corresponding treatment ,the apoptotic rate ,release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),malondialdehyde(MDA)level,the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD),the level of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin 1β(IL-1β)and interleukin- 6(IL-6), mRNA and protein expression of Rnd 3 and NF-κB subunit p65(NF-κB p65),the expression of aspartate proteolytic enzyme 3 (Cleaved Caspase- 3)protein and Cleaved Caspase- 9 protein were detected. RESULTS Different concentrations of acteoside could reduce the apoptotic rate of H/R-induced H 9c2 cardiomyocyte,the protein expressions of Cleaved Caspase- 3 and Cleaved Caspase-9,mRNA and protein expressions of NF-κB p65,the levels of LDH release and MDA ,TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6,while increase the activity of SOD and mRNA and protein expressions of Rnd 3(P<0.05),in a dose-dependent manner. Overexpression of Rnd 3 could decrease the apoptotic rate of H 9c2 cardiomyocyte,protein expressions of NF-κB p65,Cleaved Caspase- 3 and Cleaved Caspase- 9, the levels of LDH release , MDA, TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6,while increase the protein expression of Rnd 3 and the activity of SOD (P<0.05). The inhibition overexpression of Rnd 3 could weaken the inhibitory effects of acteoside on H/R-induced apoptosis of H 9c2 cardiomyocyte, oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Acteoside could regulate Rnd 3/NF-κ B pathway by promoting the expression of Rnd 3 and inhibiting the expression of NF-κB p65,inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis ,oxidative stress and inflammation reaction so as to relieve the H/R-induced cardiomyocyte damage.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920656

ABSTRACT

@#Eubhorbia neriifolia L. is a plant of Euphorbia family.Five known lignans were isolated from the aerial parts of E. neriifolia L. by silica gel for column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Their potential antitumor activities were evaluated in vitro.Compound 2 exhibited proliferation inhibition and cytotoxicity against esophageal squamous cancer cells, especially KYSE-410 and KYSE-450 cells.Further analyses showed that compound 2 could significantly induce apoptosis through the activation of caspase 3/9 and down-regulation of the Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio.These results suggested that compound 2 had a significant inhibitory effect on the esophageal squamous cancer cells, especially KYSE-410, which deserves further research as a potential antitumor agent.

7.
Article in Tagalog | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920649

ABSTRACT

@#In this study, the conjugate of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) was synthesized and the anti-hepatoma activities in vitro were evaluated.The hyaluronic acid-eicosapentaenoic acid (HA-EPA)nanoparticle was synthesized by linking eicosapentaenoic acid with hyaluronic acid with cystamine.The structure of HA-EPA was characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).Laser particle sizer and Zeta potential analyzer were used to detect the size and potential of HA-EPA.MTT assay was used to detect the anti-proliferative effect of HA-EPA on HepG2, Huh-7 and LX-2 cells in vitro.The effects of HA-EPA nanoparticles on the proliferation and apoptosis of HepG2 cells in vitro were investigated by EdU staining and TUNEL staining. The apoptosis was further confirmed by flow cytometry.The effect of HA-EPA nanoparticles on the migration and invasion of HepG2 cells was demonstrated by transwell and invasion experiments.The results of 1H NMR showed that HA-EPA was successfully synthesized, and the grafting rate of EPA on HA was (40 ± 5) %. The structure of HA-EPA was further confirmed by FT-IR.The particle size was (162.5 ± 10.2) nm, and the potential was -(4.47 ± 0.31) mV.MTT results showed that, with the prolongation of drug treatment time, HA-EPA showed a better inhibitory effect on the activity of HepG2 and Huh-7 cells than EPA under the same EPA content.After treated for 48 hours, the toxicity of HA-EPA to LX-2 cells was less than that of EPA.The results of 24-hour proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of HepG2 showed that, the graft of hyaluronic acid improved the ability of EPA to inhibit proliferation, promote apoptosis, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells (P < 0.001), indicating that grafting of HA can significantly enhance the inhibitory effect of EPA on liver cancer with some role in reducing toxicity.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 378-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920403

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the effect of dapagliflozin on the apoptosis and oxidative stress of high glucose-induced human retinal vascular endothelial cells and its regulatory effect on forkhead FOXO4. <p>METHODS: High glucose-induced human retinal vascular endothelial cells(HRVECs)were used to establish a cell injury model(high glucose group). Experimental groups include high glucose+dapagliflozin low-dose group(1ng/L dapagliflozin), high glucose+dapagliflozin medium-dose group(5ng/L dapagliflozin), high glucose+dapagliflozin high-dose group(10ng/L dapagliflozin), high glucose+dapagliflozin high-dose+pcDNA group, high glucose+dapagliflozin high-dose+pcDNA-FOXO4 group, and normal sugar group(5.5mmol/L D-glucose). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate. The levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD)and malondialdehyde(MDA)were tested with corresponding kits. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein level of FOXO4. <p>RESULTS: Compared with the normal sugar group, the apoptosis rate(<i>P</i><0.05), the level of MDA(<i>P</i><0.05)and FOXO4(<i>P</i><0.05)were increased, but the level of SOD was decreased(<i>P</i><0.05)in high-glucose group. Compared with the high glucose group, cell apoptosis rate(<i>P</i><0.05), the level of MDA(<i>P</i><0.05)and the protein level of FOXO4 were decreased(<i>P</i><0.05), but the level of SOD was increased(<i>P</i><0.05)in high glucose+medium-dose dapagliflozin group and high glucose+high-dose dapagliflozin group. Compared with high glucose+dapagliflozin high-dose+pcDNA group, the apoptosis rate(<i>P</i><0.05)and the level of MDA(<i>P</i><0.05)were increased, but the level of SOD was decreased(<i>P</i><0.05)in high glucose+dapagliflozin high-dose+pcDNA-FOXO4 group(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Dapagliflozin could inhibit oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in high glucose-induced HRVECs by down-regulating FOXO4, thereby reducing cell damage.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 244-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913031

ABSTRACT

@#Age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)is a main cause of irreversible visual impairment in the elderly. The major pathological features are drusen formation, macular pigment disorder, geographic atrophy and abnormal neovascularization. Retinal pigment epithelium(RPE)function is impaired in ARMD. Endoplasmic reticulum(ER)is an organelle in eukaryotes responsible for protein synthesis, modification, integration and quality control. ER also participates in the maintenance of calcium homeostasis and lipid biosynthesis. Stimuli from the external and internal environment may trigger ER stress and therefore activate the intracellular signal transduction pathway-the unfolded protein response(UPR), to restore cell homeostasis. However, prolonged ER stress may lead to apoptosis. The pathogenesis of ARMD has not been fully elucidated, nevertheless, compelling evidence demonstrates that ER stress is involved. In this article, we summarize recent advances in UPR pathways, as well as the role of ER stress in the physiological function of RPE and in the pathogenesis of ARMD.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 194-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913021

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the potential toxic effects of paclitaxel(PTX)on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, morphology, and blood-retinal barrier(BRB)of human retinal pigment epithelial cells(ARPE-19). <p>METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were cultured <i>in vitro</i> and divided into two groups: Control group(Control)and drug plus group(PTX). ARPE-19 cells were treated with different concentrations of PTX(0.005, 0.05, 0.5, 5mg/L)for a certain period of time(12, 24, 36, 48, 72h), and CCK8 assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of drug on proliferation and apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells at different concentrations and time points. The same time, the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Morphological changes of cells were observed by immunofluorescence. Expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and barrier function-related proteins were detected by Western blot. The effect of the drug on the cell barrier was measured by measuring the transepithelial resistance of the cells. <p>RESULTS: PTX reduced the proliferation ability of ARPE-19 cells. After 36h of treatment with low concentration of 0.005mg/L paclitaxel, cell proliferation began to be affected. At the same time, PTX accelerated cell apoptosis was dependent on drug concentration and time. Flow cytometry showed that the cells were arrested in the G2-M phase. In addition, PTX causes significant morphological changes in cells, with normal cells fusiform or irregular. In the PTX group, the number of cells decreased and the cell shape tended to be round. PTX affected retinal barrier function, and the transepithelial resistance of cells was significantly decreased after treatment, and the expression of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin were significantly decreased compared with the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The expression levels of Cleaved-caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased compared with the control group, while the expression levels of Bcl-2 were significantly decreased(<i>P</i><0.05)and was dependent on drug concentration and time. <p>CONCLUSION: PTX can affect the proliferation and apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells, and it depends on time and concentration. In addition, PTX affected the cell cycle and morphology of ARPE-19 cell. At the same time PTX can destroy the barrier function of the retina,suggesting that anti-tumor drugs have a potential toxic effect on the retina.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913000

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the effects of telmisartan on the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer A549 and the mechanism of regulating Wnt signaling pathway. Methods    Non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549 was cultured in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the effect of telmisartan at different concentrations on the proliferative activity of A549 cells. The survival fraction of A549 treated with different concentrations of telmisartan was determined by colony-formation assay. The effect of telmisartan at different concentrations on the migration ability of A549 cells was examined in the wounding healing assay. Hoechst staining was used to detect the effects of telmisartan at different concentrations on the apoptosis of A549. Western bloting was used to detect the expressions of β-actin, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Bax, Bcl-2, Wnt-3a, Beta-catenin (β-catenin), serine protein kinase 3β (p-GSK-3β), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) and c-myc. Results    Different concentrations of telmisartan treatment inhibited the proliferation activity, colony-formation rate and migration of A549 cells, and reduced the expression of PCNA in a concentration-dependent manner. Telmisartan treatment promoted the apoptosis of A549 cells, significantly increased the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax and decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. The expression levels of Wnt-3a, β-catenin, p-GSK-3β, and c-myc in A549 cells increased after treatment with telmisartan, while the expression levels of GSK-3β decreased. Conclusion    Telmisartan may play a role in the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells, and  inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway may be one of the mechanisms.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907047

ABSTRACT

@#Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck. In recent years, the incidence rate has been increasing. Mitochondria are dynamic organelles involved in various cell behaviors in eukaryotic cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction is closely related to tumor development. As a switch that determines cancer cell death, targeting mitochondria has become the focus of OSCC treatment. This article reviews the relationship between mitochondria and tumorigenesis and development, OSCC treatment, and cisplatin resistant OSCC. Current studies have found that mitochondrial dysfunction promotes cell carcinogenesis, and the mitochondrial morphology and function of cancer cells are significantly changed. The increase of mitochondrial fission improves the invasiveness of cancer cells, and mitophagy dysfunction can induce cancer cell apoptosis. The emergence of drugs and the development of nanotechnology in targeted drug delivery systems have opened up new methods for targeting mitochondria to treat OSCC, reducing the side effects of systemic medication. The cisplatin resistance of OSCC is generated through the mitochondrial pathway, and the mitochondrial function and mutation mechanism of mitochondrial DNA are clarified in order to provide new ideas for targeting mitochondria to treat cisplatin resistant OSCC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904710

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of apoptotic bodies (ABs) derived from dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) on macrophage polarization and inflammation response in vivo. @*Methods @#Human DPSCs were extracted, cultured and identified. Staurosporine was used to apoptosis induction and differential methods were performed for ABs identification. The in vitro cultured macrophages were divided into 3 groups: solvent control, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the LPS+ABs. The macrophages were stimulated with LPS to induce inflammation followed by ABs treatment. In the untreated group, macrophages were added with an equal amount of solvent. The specific uptake of ABs by macrophages, the expression level of CD206 and the levels of inflammatory cytokines were analyzed. The mouse models of cutaneous wounds and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis were established, and the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: the PBS-treated group, the DPSCs-treated group, and the ABs-treated group. The mice were injected with the same volume of PBS, DPSCs and ABs, respectively. The body weight, histological pathology, the expression levels of CD206 and cytokines, and the extent of tissue regeneration were measured.@* Results @#DPSCs and ABs derived from DPSCs were successfully isolated and characterized. ABs could be taken up by macrophage. While lipopolysaccharide(LPS) induced production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), ABs significantly reduced the levels of these pro-inflammatory cytokines and increased the expression of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and CD206 (P < 0.01). In the cutaneous inflammatory wound model, the wound closure rate in mice intravenously injected with ABs was significantly accelerated (P < 0.05). The administration of ABs markedly reduced the pro-inflammatory factors levels and increased the CD206+ cell number. In the colitis model, treatment with ABs markedly reduced the loss in bodyweight (P < 0.05), recovered the colon length (P < 0.01), and significantly increased the CD206+ cell number.@* Conclusion@# DPSCs-derived ABs could enhance macrophage M2 polarization and attenuate inflammation. Therefore, ABs could be used as a promising cell replacement for inflammatory regulation and tissue regeneration.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The chemo-preventative and therapeutic properties of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have been documented over recent decades and suggest the potential uses of SeNPs in medicine. Biogenic SeNPs have higher biocompatibility and stability than chemically synthesized nanoparticles, which enhances their medical applications, especially in the field of cancer therapy. This study evaluated the potential of green-synthetized SeNPs by using berberine (Ber) as an antitumor agent and elucidated the mechanism by which these molecules combat Ehrlich solid tumors (ESTs).@*METHODS@#SeNPs containing Ber (SeNPs-Ber) were synthesized using Ber and Na@*RESULTS@#Treatment with SeNPs-Ber significantly improved the survival rate and decreased the body weight and tumor size, compared to the EST group. SeNPs-Ber reduced oxidative stress in tumor tissue, as indicated by a decrease in the lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide levels and an increase in the glutathione levels. Moreover, SeNPs-Ber activated an apoptotic cascade in the tumor cells by downregulating the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression rate and upregulating the Bcl-2-associated X protein and caspase-3 expression rates. SeNPs-Ber also considerably improved the histopathological alterations in the developed tumor tissue, compared to the EST group.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides a new insight into the potential role of green-synthesized SeNPs by using Ber as a promising anticancer agent, these molecules could be used alone or as supplementary medication during chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Antioxidants , Berberine , Male , Mice , Nanoparticles , Selenium
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22210166, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364436

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) encompasses degeneration of articular cartilage, subchondral bone erosions and sclerosis. Chondrocyte apoptosis and an oxygen-deprived microenvironment are essential factors in OA pathogenesis. PAR-4 (Prostate apoptosis response-4) is a pro-apoptotic protein implicated in many pathologies as well as in chondrocyte cell death mechanism. Vitamin D supplementation has been identified as a therapeutic tool for a variety of inflammatory pathologies. In the present manuscript, we investigated whether first, PAR-4 expression is influenced by chondrocytes in a model of OA, in vitro, and second, whether vitamin D modulates PAR-4 expression in the same model. To test our hypothesis, we used the primary culture of murine chondrocytes isolated from the femoral and tibial condyles of wistar rats. The expression of the pro-inflammatory effect interleukin IL-1β was evaluated in the presence and absence of vitamin D. Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis confirmed protein expression. In the normoxia condition, the chondrocytes expressed PAR-4 in the cell nucleus, and in the hypoxic condition, PAR-4 was expressed in the cell cytoplasm. We disclosed that the treatment with Vitamin D decreased PAR-4 (p= 0.0137) and caspase-3 (p= 0.0007) expression. Thus, the results suggested that PAR-4 and caspase-3 proteins could be potential targets for OA.However, we believe that research is needed to identify the mechanisms implicated in the regulation of PAR-4 in OA.

16.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22210065, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364471

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria are medicinal and aromatic herbs with a long history in medicine and food industry. In this study, we have investigated anti-cancer activity of Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria extracts on various cell lines of lung (A549), breast (MCF-7), colon (HT-29), and cervix (HeLa) origin. Also, cytotoxicity was tested on human healthy bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells. In vitro experiments showed that plant extracts suppressed cell growth and proliferation at low concentrations by reducing cell viability on cancer cells in a time and concentration-dependent manner. It was observed that Angelica sylvestris was more effective in HT-29 and HeLa cells and Delphinium staphisagria in A549 and MCF-7 cells by suppressing cell proliferation and increasing cell death. Cell death mode (apoptosis/necrosis) was investigated via fluorescent imaging, caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18, activated caspase-3, and cleaved-PARP (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase). In order to evaluate the cell death mode by plant extracts apoptotic markers were investigated by fluorescence staining. Delphinium staphisagria extract (50-200 µg/mL) caused a decrease in cell density in A549 and MCF-7 cells compared to untreated controls. A similar situation was observed in HT-29 and HeLa cell lines when treated with ASE. As a result, Delphinium staphisagria extracts induced apoptosis in A549 and MCF-7, while Angelica sylvestris extracts induced apoptosis in HT-29 and HeLa cancer cells.

17.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(4): 1133-1143, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153449

ABSTRACT

Abstract Apoptosis is a sequential order of cell death occurring regularly to ensure a homeostatic balance between the rate of cell formation and cell death. However, a misplaced of this balancing function can contribute to an abnormal cell growth / proliferation or autoimmune disorders etc. Apoptosis is therefore said to be crucial from the point of development of an embryo throughout the growth of an organism contributing to the renewal of tissues and also the getting rid of inflammatory cells. This review seeks to elaborate on the recent overview of the mechanism involved in apoptosis, some element and signal contributing to its function and inhibition together with how their malfunction contribute to a number of cancer related cases.


Resumo A apoptose é uma ordem sequencial de morte celular que ocorre regularmente para garantir um equilíbrio homeostático entre a taxa de formação e a morte celular. No entanto, um desequilíbrio dessa função pode contribuir para um crescimento/proliferação celular anormal ou distúrbios autoimunes. A apoptose é, portanto, considerada crucial do ponto de desenvolvimento de um embrião ao longo do crescimento de um organismo que contribui para a renovação dos tecidos e também a eliminação de células inflamatórias. Esta revisão procura elaborar a recente visão geral do mecanismo envolvido na apoptose, alguns elementos e sinais que contribuem para sua função e inibição, além de como o mau funcionamento deles contribui para vários casos relacionados ao câncer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 531-541, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339195

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A estratificação de risco continua sendo clinicamente desafiadora em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) de etiologia não isquêmica. A galectina-3 é um marcador sérico de fibrose que pode ajudar no prognóstico. Objetivo: Determinar o papel da galectina-3 como preditora de eventos arrítmicos graves e mortalidade total. Métodos: Este é um estudo de coorte prospectivo que incluiu 148 pacientes com IC não isquêmica. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a uma avaliação clínica e laboratorial abrangente para coleta de dados de referência, incluindo níveis de galectina-3 sérica. O desfecho primário foi a ocorrência de síncope arrítmica, intervenções apropriadas do cardioversor desfibrilador implantável, taquicardia ventricular sustentada ou morte súbita cardíaca. O desfecho secundário foi a morte por todas as causas. Para todos os testes estatísticos, considerou-se significativo o valor p<0,05 (bicaudal). Resultados: Em seguimento mediano de 941 dias, os desfechos primário e secundário ocorreram em 26 (17,5%) e 30 (20%) pacientes, respectivamente. A galectina-3 sérica>22,5 ng/mL (quartil mais alto) não foi preditora de eventos arrítmicos graves (HR: 1,98; p=0,152). Os preditores independentes do desfecho primário foram diâmetro diastólico final do ventrículo esquerdo (DDFVE)>73 mm (HR: 3,70; p=0,001), ventilação periódica durante o exercício (VPE) no teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (HR: 2,67; p=0,01) e taquicardia ventricular não sustentada (TVNS)>8 batimentos na monitorização por Holter (HR: 3,47; p=0,027). Os preditores de morte por todas as causas foram: galectina-3>22,5 ng/mL (HR: 3,69; p=0,001), DDFVE>73 mm (HR: 3,35; p=0,003), VPE (HR: 3,06; p=0,006) e TVNS>8 batimentos (HR: 3,95; p=0,007). A ausência de todos os preditores de risco foi associada a um valor preditivo negativo de 91,1% para o desfecho primário e 96,6% para a mortalidade total. Conclusões: Em pacientes com IC não isquêmica, níveis elevados de galectina-3 não foram preditores de eventos arrítmicos graves, mas foram associados à mortalidade total. A ausência de preditores de risco revelou um subgrupo prevalente de pacientes com IC com excelente prognóstico.


Abstract Background: Risk stratification remains clinically challenging in patients with heart failure (HF) of non-ischemic etiology. Galectin-3 is a serum marker of fibrosis that might help in prognostication. Objective: To determine the role of galectin-3 as a predictor of major arrhythmic events and overall mortality. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study that enrolled 148 non-ischemic HF patients. All patients underwent a comprehensive baseline clinical and laboratory assessment, including levels of serum galectin-3. The primary outcome was the occurrence of arrhythmic syncope, appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy, sustained ventricular tachycardia, or sudden cardiac death. The secondary outcome was all-cause death. For all statistical tests, a two-tailed p-value<0.05 was considered significant. Results: In a median follow-up of 941 days, the primary and secondary outcomes occurred in 26 (17.5%) and 30 (20%) patients, respectively. Serum galectin-3>22.5 ng/mL (highest quartile) did not predict serious arrhythmic events (HR: 1.98, p=0.152). Independent predictors of the primary outcome were left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD)>73mm (HR: 3.70, p=0.001), exercise periodic breathing (EPB) on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (HR: 2.67, p=0.01), and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT)>8 beats on Holter monitoring (HR: 3.47, p=0.027). Predictors of all-cause death were galectin-3>22.5 ng/mL (HR: 3.69, p=0.001), LVEDD>73mm (HR: 3.35, p=0.003), EPB (HR: 3.06, p=0.006), and NSVT>8 beats (HR: 3.95, p=0.007). The absence of all risk predictors was associated with a 91.1% negative predictive value for the primary outcome and 96.6% for total mortality. Conclusions: In non-ischemic HF patients, elevated galectin-3 levels did not predict major arrhythmic events but were associated with total mortality. Absence of risk predictors revealed a prevalent subgroup of HF patients with an excellent prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Defibrillators, Implantable , Galectin 3/blood , Heart Failure , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Death, Sudden, Cardiac
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 76-84, July. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Butyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that induces apoptosis and inhibits cell proliferation of colorectal cancer cells. To improve its anticancer activity, butyrate has been evaluated mixed with drugs and different molecules. Plant antimicrobial peptides are attractive anticancer alternative molecules because they show selective cytotoxic activity against different cancer cell lines. In this work, we explore if the plant defensin c-thionin (Capsicum chinense) can improve butyrate activity on Caco-2 cell line and we also determined the mechanism of death activated. RESULTS: The combined treatment of c-thionin (3.5 mM) and butyrate (50 mM) showed higher cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells with respect to single treatments. Also, the combined treatment reduced cell proliferation and exhibited a higher rate of apoptosis than single treatments. Combined treatment induced caspases 8 and 9 activation to an extent comparable with that of butyrate while c-thionin did not activate caspases. Additionally, reactive oxygen species generation preceded the onset of apoptosis, and superoxide anion production was higher in cells treated with the combined treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The c-thionin from Habanero chili pepper improved the butyrate cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells. This effect occurred through apoptosis induction associated with reactive oxygen species production. Therefore, the combination of butyrate with cytotoxic antimicrobial peptides could be an attractive strategy for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Butyrates , Capsicum/chemistry , Adenocarcinoma , Colonic Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Defensins , Thionins
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 21-29, July. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283484

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) contain a chemotherapeutic drug and are regarded as a promising technique for improving targeted delivery into cancer cells. RESULTS: In this study, the fabrication of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was investigated with loaded Dextran (DEXSPION) using the co-precipitation technique and conjugated by folate (FA). These nanoparticles (NPs) were employed as carriers and anticancer compounds against liver cancer cells in vitro. Structural, magnetic, morphological characterization, size, and drug loading activities of the obtained FA-DEX-5-FUSPION NPs were checked using FTIR, VSM, FESEM, TEM, DLS, and zeta potential techniques. The cellular toxicity effect of FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION NPs was evaluated using the MTT test on liver cancer (SNU-423) and healthy cells (LO2). Furthermore, the apoptosis measurement and the expression levels of NF-1, Her-2/neu, c-Raf-1, and Wnt-1 genes were evaluated post-treatment using flow cytometry and RT-PCR, respectively. The obtained NPs were spherical with a suitable dispersity without noticeable aggregation. The size of the NPs, polydispersity, and zeta were 74 ± 13 nm, 0.080 and 45 mV, respectively. The results of the encapsulation efficiency of the nano-compound showed highly colloidal stability and proper drug maintenance. The results indicated that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION demonstrated a sustained release profile of 5-FU in both phosphate and citrate buffer solutions separately, with higher cytotoxicity against SNU-423 cells than against other cells types. These findings suggest that FA-DEX-SPION NPs exert synergistic effects for targeting intracellular delivery of 5-FU, apoptosis induction, and gene expression stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings proved that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION presented remarkable antitumor properties; no adverse subsequences were revealed against normal cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Polymers , Gene Expression/drug effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Apoptosis/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Delayed-Action Preparations , Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Flow Cytometry
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