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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(1): 27-32, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403483

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between subfoveal choroidal thickness and plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine level and the severity of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: A total of 68 cases, including 15 patients without diabetic retinopathy, 17 patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, 16 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and 20 healthy patients (control group), were enrolled in this study. Subfoveal choroidal thickness was measured manually using the enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography scanning program, and plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine level was measured using a commercial micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Results: The subfoveal choroidal thickness values and plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine levels were significantly different between the four groups (p<0.001 and p<0.001). The subfoveal choroidal thickness values were significantly lower in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy group than in the other three groups (no diabetic retinopathy, nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, and control groups; p<0.001, p=0.045, and p<0.001, respectively). The plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine levels were significantly higher in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy group than in the other three groups (p<0.001, p<0.04, and p<0.001, respectively). In addition, a significant negative correlation was also found between plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine level and subfoveal choroidal thickness (p<0.001, r=-0.479). Conclusion: Asymmetrical dimethylarginine is an important marker of endothelial dysfunction and endogenous endothelial nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. The severity of diabetic retinopathy was related to increased plasma asymmetrical dimethylarginine level and reduced subfoveal choroidal thickness in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic retinopathy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a relação da espessura subfoveal da coroide e dos níveis plasmáticos de dimetil-arginina assimétrica com a gravidade da retinopatia diabética em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Foram incluídos 68 casos, compreendendo 15 pacientes sem retinopatia diabética, 17 pacientes com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa, 16 pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa, e 20 casos saudáveis (grupo de controle). A espessura subfoveal da coroide foi medida manualmente, usando o programa de varredura com tomografia computadorizada óptica com imagem profunda aprimorada, e os níveis plasmáticos de dimetil-arginina assimétrica foram medidos usando um kit microELISA comercial. Resultados: Os valores da espessura subfoveal da coroide e os níveis plasmáticos de dimetil-arginina assimétrica foram significativamente diferentes nos quatro grupos (p<0,001 para ambos os parâmetros). Os valores da espessura subfoveal da coroide foram significativamente menores no grupo com retinopatia diabética proliferativa do que nos outros três grupos (sem retinopatia diabética, retinopatia diabética não proliferativa e grupo de controle, com p<0,001, p=0,045 e p<0,001, respectivamente). Já os níveis plasmáticos de dimetil-arginina assimétrica foram significativamente maiores no grupo com retinopatia diabética proliferativa do que nos outros três grupos (p<0,001, p=0,04 e p<0,001, respectivamente). Além disso, também foi encontrada uma correlação negativa significativa entre os níveis plasmáticos de dimetil-arginina assimétrica e a espessura subfoveal da coroide (p<0,001, r=-0,479). Conclusão: A dimetil-arginina assimétrica é um importante marcador de disfunção endotelial e um inibidor endógeno da óxido nítrico sintase. Foi encontrada uma relação da gravidade da retinopatia diabética e de níveis elevados de dimetil-arginina assimétrica no plasma com a redução da espessura subfoveal da coroide em pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 com retinopatia diabética.

2.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(1)maio 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410539

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective of this study was to review data from randomized controlled trials to assess whether or not the supplementation of L-Arginine (L-Arg) is effective in reducing the incidence of preeclampsia (PE) in pregnancies at risk of developing the disorder. Methods: We aimed to systematic review randomized controlled trials, including those which compared L-Arg supplementation with placebo in pregnant women at high risk of PE development, analyzing PE incidence as the main outcome. Data were collected from MEDLINE/ Pubmed, EMBASE/ Elsevier, LILACS/ BVS and Cochrane. Results: A total of 46 papers were identified in the primary search. After analysis of eligibility, inclusion and exclusion criteria, two articles (which respected in detail all the stages of evaluation) were included in the present review. A risk of bias assessment was performed. Data analysis revealed that the incidence of PE was significantly lower in both studies, and no major adverse effects were reported. The limitations of this study were the lack of standardization between the trials analyzed and the relative low number of studies included. Conclusions: The supplementation with L-Arg appears to reduce the incidence of PE in pregnant women with high risk for its developmen (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar dados de ensaios clínicos randomizados para avaliar se a suplementação de L-Arginina é efetiva para reduzir a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia em gestantes com alto risco de desenvolver a doença. Métodos: Realizamos uma revisão sistemática de ensaios clínicos randomizados, incluindo aqueles que compararam a suplementação de L-Arginina com placebo em gestantes de alto risco de desenvolvimento de pré-eclâmpsia, analisando a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia como desfecho principal. Os estudos foram selecionados do MEDLINE/ Pubmed, EMBASE/ Elsevier, LILACS/ BVS e Cochrane. Resultados: Um total de 46 estudos foram identificados na busca primária. Após análise da elegibilidade, dos critérios de inclusão e de exclusão, dois artigos (que respeitaram em detalhes todas etapas de avaliação) foram incluídos na presente revisão. Foi realizada uma avaliação de risco de viés. A análise dos dados revelou que a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia foi significativamente menor em ambos os estudos, e nenhum efeito adverso importante foi relatado. As limitações deste estudo foram a falta de padronização entre os ensaios clínicos analisados e o número relativamente baixo de estudos incluídos. Conclusão: A suplementação com L-Arginina parece reduzir a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia em gestantes de alto risco para seu desenvolvimento (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Arginine/therapeutic use , Pre-Eclampsia/prevention & control , Dietary Supplements , Nitric Oxide/therapeutic use
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e39-e42, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353777

ABSTRACT

Las nuevas metodologías de secuenciación masiva han permitido caracterizar e identificar variantes genéticas asociadas a diferentes patologías. En este trabajo se presenta el caso de una paciente con una mutación del gen RARS2 que codifica la enzima arginino-ARNt ligasa para la codificación de proteínas. Esta alteración genética se manifiesta en hipoplasia pontocerebelosa tipo 6, con una prevalencia de <1/1 000 0000, caracterizada por un cerebelo y un puente de menor tamaño asociados a un retraso grave en el neurodesarrollo. El análisis de caso permite un mejor conocimiento de enfermedades de origen genético, específicamente, de aquellas con patrones de herencia autosómicos recesivos de padres no consanguíneos. Su estudio sobre todo en lo relacionado con el ámbito familiar y socioeconómico, y su base genética, ayuda a una mejor calidad de vida de los pacientes y su familia.


The latest method of next-generation sequencing has allowed the characterization and identification of genetic variants associated to diverse pathologies. In this article, we present the case of female patient with a mutation of the RARS2 gene that encodes the enzyme for arginyl tRNA synthetase for coding of proteins. This genetic alteration manifests in pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6, with a prevalence of <1/1,000,0000, characterized by a cerebellum and pons that are smaller in size and are associated with severe neurodevelopmental delay. The analysis of the case of this patient provides better knowledge of diseases of genetic origin; specifically, regarding genetic diseases of autosomal recessive patterns of inheritance from non-consanguineous parents. The impact of these studies; specially within the family, social, economic and genetic aspects helps provide a better quality of life for these patients and their family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Arginine-tRNA Ligase/genetics , Quality of Life , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sequence Analysis , Colombia , Mutation
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368946

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objectives: The objective of this study was to review data from randomized controlled trials to assess whether or not the supplementation of L-Arginine (L-Arg) is effective in reducing the incidence of preeclampsia (PE) in pregnancies at risk of developing the disorder. Methods: We aimed to systematic review randomized controlled trials, including those which compared L-Arg supplementation with placebo in pregnant women at high risk of PE development, analyzing PE incidence as the main outcome. Data were collected from MEDLINE/ Pubmed, EMBASE/ Elsevier, LILACS/ BVS and Cochrane. Results: A total of 46 papers were identified in the primary search. After analysis of eligibility, inclusion and exclusion criteria, two articles (which respected in detail all the stages of evaluation) were included in the present review. A risk of bias assessment was performed. Data analysis revealed that the incidence of PE was significantly lower in both studies, and no major adverse effects were reported. The limitations of this study were the lack of standardization between the trials analyzed and the relative low number of studies included. Conclusions: The supplementation with L-Arg appears to reduce the incidence of PE in pregnant women with high risk for its development. (AU)


RESUMO: Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar dados de ensaios clínicos randomizados para avaliar se a suplementação de L-Arginina é efetiva para reduzir a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia em gestantes com alto risco de desenvolver a doença. Métodos: Realizamos uma revisão sistemática de ensaios clínicos randomizados, incluindo aqueles que compararam a suplementação de L-Arginina com placebo em gestantes de alto risco de desenvolvimento de pré-eclâmpsia, analisando a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia como desfecho principal. Os estudos foram selecionados do MEDLINE/ Pubmed, EMBASE/ Elsevier, LILACS/ BVS e Cochrane. Resultados: Um total de 46 estudos foram identificados na busca primária. Após análise da elegibilidade, dos critérios de inclusão e de exclusão, dois artigos (que respeitaram em detalhes todas etapas de avaliação) foram incluídos na presente revisão. Foi realizada uma avaliação de risco de viés. A análise dos dados revelou que a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia foi significativamente menor em ambos os estudos, e nenhum efeito adverso importante foi relatado. As limitações deste estudo foram a falta de padronização entre os ensaios clínicos analisados e o número relativamente baixo de estudos incluídos. Conclusão: A suplementação com L-Arginina parece reduzir a incidência de pré-eclâmpsia em gestantes de alto risco para seu desenvolvimento. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Arginine/therapeutic use , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Nitric Oxide/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 55: e0122, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Behavioral changes in Rattus norvegicus infected with two strains of Toxoplasma gondii (ME49 and VEG) were investigated. Methods: Rats were evaluated for motor activity and aversion or attraction to cat urine 60 days after infection. After euthanasia, arginine-vasopressin gene methylation in the central nervous system was evaluated. Results: A significant difference was observed in the methylation of the arginine-vasopressin promoter gene between rats infected with the ME49 and VEG strains. Conclusions: Although differences were not observed in many parameters, significant differences were observed in the methylation of the arginine-vasopressin promoter gene in rats infected with the two studied strains.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2378-2387, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937030

ABSTRACT

Rhein is an anthraquinone compound extracted from rhubarb, aloe vera, Polygonum multiflorum. In this study, we screened the potential targets of rhein through protein chip technology and investigated the underlying mechanism of its inhibition of colorectal cancer. Colony formation assay and scratch assay were used to examine the effect of rhein on the proliferation and migration abilities of HCT116 cell; KEGG and protein interaction analyses of rhein specific binding proteins by screening rhein binding proteins using protein chip; qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to determine the effect of rhein on the expression levels of BCL-2-associated X protein (BAX), B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1) in HCT116 cell. The antitumor effect of rhein was verified by azoxymethane combined with dextran sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) induced colorectal cancer model. Experimental animal procedures were performed in accordance with animal welfare and the standards of the Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of South China Agricultural University, with approval from the ethics committee. In vivo and in vitro results indicate that rhein specific binding proteins are mainly involved in amino acid anabolism, especially the arginine anabolic signaling pathway. Rhein inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cell in a concentration-dependent manner. Treated with rhein for 24 h significantly enhanced the expression of BAX and ASS1 in HCT116 cells, as well as the level of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. In a mouse model of colorectal cancer, rhein significantly alleviated AOM/DSS induced weight loss and reduced fecal occult blood score. Meanwhile, rhein enhanced BAX and ASS1 expression in colon tumor tissue, as well as increased arginine and NO in serum. IHC and HE stain indicated that rhein alleviated Ki67 expression and macrophage infiltration in the colonic tissue of mice with AOM/DSS and delayed tumor formation. In conclusion, rhein can exert antitumor activity by regulating arginine and NO metabolism through ASS1.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923492

ABSTRACT

@#Carboxymethylcysteine (CMC) is a common drug for the clinical treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, yet its long-term use can cause severe irritation to the gastrointestinal tract.As the substrate of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS), L-arginine can be converted in the body into NO beneficial to the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract and so on.As a basic amino acid, L-arginine can be salified with some compounds containing acidic groups to improve the water solubility of the parent drug and may enhance the activity and alleviate side effects due to NO release.In this study, we designed and synthesized carboxymethylcysteine L-arginate (CMCA), and tested its physico-chemical properties, and the abilities to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibit apoptosis and release NO in cigarette smoke-induced injury model of human bronchial epithelial cells.The results revealed that CMCA is superior to CMC or L-arginine in that it could capture ROS, release NO and suppress apoptosis, suggesting that CMCA is worthy of further research and development.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 500-506, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922917

ABSTRACT

The water-soluble polypeptide drug oxytocin was encapsulated in liposomes by reverse-phase evaporation vesicle method to obtain oxytocin loaded liposomes (OT@LPs) which was further modified with cationic cell penetrating peptide—arginine octamer (R8) to get R8 modified oxytocin loaded liposomes (OT@LPs-R8) which showed enhanced mucoadhesive. The brain targeting efficiency was evaluated preliminarily after nasal administration. OT@LPs-R8 showed a round shape with a particle size distribution of 110.2 ± 7.3 nm, a surface potential as high as +18 mV, a drug loading (62.17 ± 1.88) %, an encapsulation rate (5.85 ± 0.72) %, and stood stable in nasal mucus. After nasal administration, it could significantly prolong the retention and enhance the distribution in the brain with no irritation to the nasal mucosa. The animal experiment in line with the regulations of the Department of Laboratory Animal Science of Fudan University on the ethics of animal experiments had been carried out after passing the review of the Animal Ethics Committee of Fudan University. The results showed nasal administration of OT@LPs-R8 could promote oxytocin directly into the brain from the nose which expected to become a new carrier for delivery of oxytocin to the brain.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935057

ABSTRACT

@#Glass ionomer cement (GIC) is widely used as a common filling material in dentistry but still exhibits problems with secondary caries and fractures. Thus, the antibacterial and anti-caries performance of GIC needs to be further improved. In recent years, natural antimicrobial components have become more desirable due to their good biological properties and low drug resistance. In this review, the natural antimicrobial ingredients in GIC modification are classified, reviewed and summarized according to the different sources of antimicrobial ingredients. In terms of animal origin, chitosan and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate exhibit antimicrobial properties without affecting the mechanical properties of materials; propolis and bioactive enzymes have good biocompatibility; in terms of plant origin, polyphenols help improve the antimicrobial and mechanical properties of the material; arginine has a good remineralization effect; and plant essential oils have a certain ion release effect. In terms of microbial origin, antibiotics greatly improve the antibacterial properties of materials; in addition, the combined application of natural antimicrobial ingredients also exhibited excellent performance. Despite these advantages, the optimal addition concentration and biocompatibility in vivo are questions that need to be further explored before clinical applications can be achieved.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic mechanism of Mongolian medicine Sendeng-4 decoction for rheumatoid arthritis by 99Tc m-hydrazinonicotinamide-(polyethylene glycol) 4-E[(polyethylene glycol) 4-c((Arg-Gly-Asp)fk)] 2 (3PRGD 2) imaging. Methods:A total of 200 female SD rats (age: 6-7 weeks) were divided into collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) group ( n=176) and blank control group ( n=24). Rats in the CIA group were divided into Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group ( n=24), etanercept treatment group ( n=24), and negative control group ( n=24) by simple random sampling method. 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 SPECT/CT imaging was performed before and after modeling and treatment. The differences of target/non-target (T/NT) ratio and serological, pathological, and immunohistochemical results among groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. The correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation or Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There were 95 (95/176) CIA models successfully established. The T/NT ratios of Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group and etanercept treatment group were lower than that of negative control group (0.260± 0.094, 0.238±0.099, 0.766±0.144 ; F=163.00, P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the two drug treatment groups ( P>0.05). After drug treatment, serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and α vβ 3 were significantly lower than those of negative control group ( F values: 49.43-92.36, all P<0.001), pathological score was also lower than that of negative control group ( H=34.25, P<0.001), and levels of immunohistochemical makers (VEGF, TNF-α, α vβ 3, CD31, CD34) were also lower than those of negative control group ( H values: 13.51-26.84, all P<0.001), while there were no significant differences between the two drug treatment groups (all P>0.05). The T/NT ratios were positively correlated with above indictors in Sendeng-4 decoction treatment group ( r values: 0.56-0.59, rs values: 0.49-0.69), etanercept treatment group ( r values: 0.50-0.55, rs values: 0.46-0.70) and negative control group ( r values: 0.55-0.80, rs values: 0.58-0.86, P<0.001 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Verified by 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 SPECT/CT imaging and molecular pathology, Mongolian medicine Sendeng-4 decoction can inhibit neovascularization by down-regulating vascular factors such as VEGF, resulting in delaying the progression of the disease and improving clinical symptoms.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 99Tc m-hydrazinonicotinamide-(poly-(ethylene glycol)) 4-E((poly-(ethylene glycol)) 4-c((Arg-Gly-Asp)fK)) 2 (3PRGD 2) imaging on predicting pathological complete response (pCR) outcomes to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with breast cancer and to compare it with 18F-FDG imaging. Methods:From October 2017 to October 2019, 41 patients (age: (61.5±7.8) years) who were diagnosed with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ breast cancer and planned to receive preoperative NAC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and Xiehe Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent both 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 and 18F-FDG imaging before NAC (baseline), and after the first and the fourth NAC cycle. The tumor/background ratio (T/B; 99Tc m-3PRGD 2) and SUV max ( 18F-FDG) in breast tumors and axillary lymph node (ALN) metastases were separately calculated. The relative T/B changes (ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2) and SUV max changes (ΔSUV max1, ΔSUV max2) after the first and the fourth NAC cycle compared to baseline were obtained. Patients underwent surgery after NAC and the pathology was used as the gold standard to determine whether patient achieved pCR. The predictive performance of ΔT/B and ΔSUV max regarding the identification of pCR or non-pCR was evaluated by using ROC analysis and the AUCs were compared by Delong test. Results:Of 41 patients, 13 (31.7%) were achieved pCR after NAC. For breast tumors, the AUCs of ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2, ΔSUV max1 and ΔSUV max2 were 0.827 ( P=0.001), 0.687 ( P=0.057), 0.859 ( P<0.001) and 0.713 ( P=0.030) respectively, and the AUCs of ΔT/B 1 and ΔSUV max1 had no significant difference ( z=0.33, P=0.740). For ALN metastases, the AUCs of ΔT/B 1, ΔT/B 2, ΔSUV max1 and ΔSUV max2 were 0.859 ( P=0.002), 0.778 ( P=0.014), 0.572 ( P=0.523) and 0.802 ( P=0.007) respectively, and the AUC of ΔT/B 1 was significantly higher than that of ΔSUV max1 ( z=2.10, P=0.035). Conclusion:The early relative changes of breast tumors and ALN metastases in 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 imaging during NAC can offer predictive information for pCR to NAC in patients with breast cancer, and early relative changes of ALN metastases in 99Tc m-3PRGD 2 imaging may have a higher predictive value for pCR than 18F-FDG imaging.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928159

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of emodin on the serum metabolite profiles in the chronic constriction injury(CCI) model by non-target metabolomics and explored its analgesic mechanism. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into a sham group(S), a CCI group(C), and an emodin group(E). The rats in the emodin group were taken emodin via gavage once a day for fifteen days(50 mg·kg~(-1)) on the first day after the CCI surgery. Mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT) and thermal withdrawal threshold(TWL) in each group were performed before the CCI surgery and 3,7, 11, and 15 days after surgery. After 15 days, blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta. The differential metabolites were screened out by non-target metabolomics and analyzed with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) and ingenuity pathway analysis(IPA). From the third day after CCI surgery, the MWT and TWL values were reduced significantly in both CCI group and emodin group, compared with the sham group(P<0.01). At 15 days post-surgery, the MWT and TWL values in emodin group increased significantly compared with the CCI group(P<0.05). As revealed by non-target metabolomics, 72 differential serum metabolites were screened out from the C-S comparison, including 41 up-regulated and 31 down-regulated ones, while 26 differential serum metabolites from E-C comparison, including 10 up-regulated and 16 down-regulated ones. KEGG analysis showed that the differential metabolites in E-C comparison were enriched in the signaling pathways, such as sphingolipid metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. IPA showed that the differential metabolites were mainly involved in the lipid metabolism-molecular transport-small molecule biochemistry network. In conclusion, emodin can exert an analgesic role via regulating sphingolipid metabolism and arginine biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/pharmacology , Animals , Arginine , Emodin/pharmacology , Neuralgia/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sphingolipids
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927958

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the correlations between curcumin(Cur), nuclear factor E2 related factor 2(NRF2)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase(DDAH)-asymmetric dimethylarginine(ADMA)-nitric oxide(NO) pathway, and endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndMT) based on SD rats with cardiac fibrosis, and explored the effect and mechanism of Cur in resisting cardiac fibrosis to provide an in-depth theoretical basis for its clinical application in the treatment of heart failure. The cardiac fibrosis model was induced by subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline(Iso) in rats. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Cur group(100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and a high-dose Cur group(200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with eight in each group. After 21 days of treatment, cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, degree of cardiac fibrosis by Masson staining, expression of CD31 and α-SMA by pathological staining, expression of VE-cadherin, vimentin, NRF2, and DDAH by Western blot, and ADMA level by HPLC. Compared with the model group, the Cur groups showed alleviated cardiac fibrosis, accompanied by increased CD31 and VE-cadherin expression and decreased α-SMA and vimentin expression, indicating relieved EndMT. Additionally, DDAH and NRF2 levels were elevated and ADMA and NO expression declined. Cur improves cardiac fibrosis by inhibiting EndMT presumedly through the NRF2-DDAH-ADMA-NO pathway.


Subject(s)
Amidohydrolases/metabolism , Animals , Curcumin , Fibrosis , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19745, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383961

ABSTRACT

Abstract Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) represents an organic chemical that causes reactive oxygen species derived organ disturbances including male infertility. Melatonin (MLT) is a neurohormone with strong antioxidant capacity, involved in numerous physiological processes. In this study we evaluated the capability of MLT, administered in a single dose of 50 mg/kg, to preserve the testicular tissue function after an acute administration of CCl4 to rats. The disturbance in testicular tissue and the effects of MLT after CCl4 exposure were estimated using biochemical parameters that enabled us to determine the tissue (anti)oxidant status and the intensity of arginine/nitric oxide metabolism. Also, the serum levels of testosterone and the histopathological analysis of tissue gave us a better insight into the occurring changes. A significant diminution in tissue antioxidant defences, arginase activity and serum testosterone levels, followed by the increased production of nitric oxide and extensive lipid and protein oxidative damage, was observed in the CCl4-treated group. The application of MLT after the CCl4 caused changes, clearly visible at both biochemical and histological level, which could be interpreted mainly as a consequence of general antioxidant system stimulation and a radical scavenger. On the other hand, the application of MLT exerted a limited action on the nitric oxide signalling pathway.

15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 27(3): e2220322, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of toothpaste containing 8% arginine on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in dental plaque around orthodontic brackets, and to draw a comparison with a regular fluoride toothpaste. Trial design: A single-center, parallel-arm, triple-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Methods: The clinical trial was conducted at the Orthodontic Clinic, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Seventy-two patients (age range: 15-30 years) who required fixed orthodontic treatment were recruited and randomly assigned to arginine and fluoride groups. Randomization was performed using RANDOM.ORG online software, and the participants were divided into two parallel groups, with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Patients were requested to brush their teeth twice daily for 30 days with an experimental toothpaste. Plaque sampling was performed at two intervals, namely at the beginning of the study (T0) and 30 days later (T1). Real-time PCR was used to assess plaque samples in terms of the number of S. mutans surrounding stainless steel brackets in orthodontic patients. A triple-blind design was employed. Results: The baseline characteristics (age, sex, and the relative number of S. mutans) between the groups were similar (p>0.05). Only the arginine group showed a significant decrease in the relative number of bacteria between T0 and T1 (p=0.02). Conclusion: Arginine is an important prebiotic agent in maintaining healthy oral biofilms, and prevent dental caries during fixed orthodontic treatments. Trial registration: The trial was registered at the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT20181121041713N2), https://en.irct.ir/user/trial/42409/view.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de um dentifrício contendo arginina a 8% no Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) da placa bacteriana ao redor de braquetes ortodônticos, e compará-lo a um dentifrício fluoretado convencional. Desenho do estudo: Foi conduzido um estudo unicêntrico, com braços paralelos, triplo-cego, controlado e randomizado. Métodos: O ensaio clínico foi conduzido na Clínica de Ortodontia da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Shiraz, no Irã. Setenta e dois pacientes (com idades variando de 15 a 30 anos) que necessitavam de tratamento ortodôntico com aparelho fixo foram recrutados e alocados aleatoriamente nos grupos arginina ou flúor. A randomização foi feita usando o programa on-line RANDOM.ORG, e os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos paralelos, com proporção de alocação de 1:1. Solicitou-se aos pacientes que escovassem os dentes duas vezes ao dia com a pasta experimental, durante 30 dias. Amostras da placa bacteriana foram coletadas em dois intervalos: ao começo do estudo (T0) e após 30 dias (T1). Um PCR em tempo real foi usado para avaliar as amostras de placa, em termos de números de S. mutans ao redor dos braquetes de aço inoxidável nos pacientes ortodônticos. Um desenho de estudo triplo-cego foi usado. Resultados: As características iniciais (idade, sexo e quantidade relativa de S. mutans) foram semelhantes entre os grupos (p>0,05). Apenas o grupo arginina mostrou uma redução significativa na quantidade de bactérias entre T0 e T1 (p=0,02). Conclusão: A arginina é um agente prebiótico importante na manutenção de biofilmes bucais saudáveis, e previne as cáries dentárias durante o tratamento ortodôntico com aparelho fixo. Registro do ensaio: O ensaio foi registrado no Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT20181121041713N2), https://en.irct.ir/user/trial/42409/view.

16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385852

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Se evaluó el efecto de un gel con arginina sobre el pH y flujo salival después de un uso de catorce días en mujeres con desmineralización dental leve. Se estableció un piloto de ensayo clínico controladoen el cual fueron incluidas 20 mujeres de 18 -23 años, sistémicamente sanas y con al menos un órgano dental con desmineralización ICDAS 3, dos grupos: Grupo A / sin arginina (N=10) y Grupo B/ con arginina (N=10). Se realizó una evaluación clínica y toma de una muestra de saliva no estimulada para la determinación del pH, y la medición del flujo salival al inicio y 15 días posterior a la utilización del gel. Se realizó el análisis estadístico con el programa GraphPadPrism versión 8. Una p<0,05 fue considerado como estadísticamente significativo. En ambos grupos se mantuvo el pH salival cercano a la neutralidad sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas y el flujo salival permaneció en valores normales tras la utilización del gel durante 14 días, aunque se observaron diferencias estadísticas significativas en la comparación inter-grupo. La utilización de un gel con arginina durante 14 días mantuvo el pH neutro y el flujo salival en niveles normales sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas con el grupo control.


ABSTRACT: The effect of an arginine gel on pH and salivary flow was evaluated after fourteen days of use in women with mild demineralization. A controlled pilot clinical trial was established in which 20 women aged 18-23 years, systemically healthy and with at least one dental organ with demineralization ICDAS 3 were included, two groups: Group A / without arginine (N = 10) and Group B / with arginine (N = 10). A clinical evaluation was carried out, and a sample of unstimulated saliva was taken to determine the pH and the measurement of salivary flow at the beginning and 15 days after using the gel. Statistical analysis was performed with the GraphPad Prism version 8 program. A p <0.05 was considered statistically significant. In both groups, salivary pH was maintained close to neutrality without statistically significant differences, and salivary flow remained at normal values after using the hydrogel for 14 days, although statistically significant differences were observed in the intergroup comparison. Using a gel with arginine for 14 days kept the neutral pH and salivary flow at normal levels without statistically significant differences from the control group.

17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 747-752, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286764

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe the otorhinolaryngological adverse effects of the main drugs used in urological practice. Materials and Methods: A review of the scientific literature was performed using a combination of specific descriptors (side effect, adverse effect, scopolamine, sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil, oxybutynin, tolterodine, spironolactone, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, doxazosin, alfuzosin, terazosin, prazosin, tamsulosin, desmopressin) contained in publications until April 2020. Manuscripts written in English, Portuguese, and Spanish were manually selected from the title and abstract. The main drugs used in Urology were divided into five groups to describe their possible adverse effects: alpha-blockers, anticholinergics, diuretics, hormones, and phosphodiesterase inhibitors. Results: The main drugs used in Urology may cause several otorhinolaryngological adverse effects. Dizziness was most common, but dry mouth, rhinitis, nasal congestion, epistaxis, hearing loss, tinnitus, and rhinorrhea were also reported and varies among drug classes. Conclusions: Most of the drugs used in urological practice have otorhinolaryngological adverse effects. Dizziness was most common, but dry mouth, rhinitis, nasal congestion, epistaxis, hearing loss, tinnitus, and rhinorrhea were also reported. Therefore, doctors must be aware of these adverse effects to improve adherence to the treatment and to minimize damage to the health of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Prazosin , Doxazosin , Adrenergic alpha-Agonists , Tadalafil , Tamsulosin
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1)feb. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385283

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Acute pancreatitis is a frequent life-threatening inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by severe abdominal pain that lasts for days to weeks. We sought to determine whether the antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory drug, metformin can substantially protect against acute pancreatitis in an animal model of L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, and whether this is associated with the augmentation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) and inhibition of the enzyme that promotes tissue damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO). Rats were either injected with two doses of the amino acid L-arginine (2.5 gm/kg; i.p., at one-hour intervals) before being sacrificed after 48 hours (model group) or were pretreated with metformin (50 mg/kg) daily for two weeks prior to L- arginine injections and continued receiving metformin until the end of the experiment (protective group). Using microscopic examination of the pancreas and blood chemistry, we observed that L-arginine induced acute pancreatic injury. This is demonstrated by an enlarged pancreas with patchy areas of haemorrhage, vacuolated cytoplasm and pyknotic nuclei in the acini, disorganized lobular architecture with infiltration of inflammatory cells within the interlobular connective tissue (CT) septa, and the presence of congested blood vessels that were substantially ameliorated by metformin. Metformin also significantly (p<0.05) inhibited L-arginine-induced MPO, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the inflammatory biomarker tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Whereas, metformin significantly (p<0.05) increased IL-10 levels that were inhibited by pancreatitis induction. We further demonstrated a significant (p<0.001) correlation between the scoring of the degree of pancreatic lobules damage tissue damage and the blood levels of TNF-α, IL-10, LDH, and MPO. Thus, metformin effectively protects against L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, which is associated with the inhibition of MPO and augmentation of IL-10.


RESUMEN: La pancreatitis aguda es una enfermedad inflamatoria del páncreas que amenaza la vida y se caracteriza por un dolor abdominal intenso que dura de días a semanas. Buscamos determinar si la metformina, fármaco antidiabético y antiinflamatorio, puede proteger contra la pancreatitis aguda en un modelo animal de pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina. Además se estudió la asociación con el aumento de la citocina antiinflamatoria interleucina-10. (IL-10) e inhibición de la enzima que promueve el daño tisular, mieloperoxidasa (MPO). Las ratas se inyectaron con dos dosis del aminoácido L-arginina (2,5 g / kg; ip, a intervalos de una hora) antes de ser sacrificadas des- pués de 48 horas (grupo modelo) o se pre trataron con metformina (50 mg / kg) durante dos semanas antes del tratamiento de L- arginina y continuaron recibiendo metformina hasta el final del experimento (grupo protector). Mediante el examen microscópico del páncreas y la química sanguínea, se observó que la L- arginina inducía una lesión pancreática aguda. Se observó un aumento significativo de tamaño del páncreas con áreas hemorrágicas, citoplasma vacuolado y núcleos picnóticos en los acinos, arquitectura desorganizada con infiltración de células inflamatorias dentro de los tabiques del tejido conjuntivo interlobulillar (TC) y la presencia de vasos sanguíneos congestionados mejorados por metformina. Se observó que la metformina inhibió significativamente (p <0,05) la MPO inducida por L- arginina, la lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH) y el factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α). Además, demostramos una correlación significativa (p <0,001) entre la puntuación del grado de daño tisular de los lóbulos pancreáticos y los niveles sanguíneos de TNF-α, IL-10, LDH y MPO. Por tanto, la metformina protege eficazmente contra la pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina, que se asocia con la inhibición de MPO y el aumento de IL-10.

19.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20190449, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1149943

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the effects of the ice popsicle on vasopressin, osmolality, thirst intensity, and thirst discomfort. Method: This is a quasi-experimental, pre- and post-test study conducted in a laboratory. The sample consisted of nine healthy male volunteers, who received 2% hypertonic saline solution. Results: Popsicle intake did not result in a statistically significant reduction in vasopressin levels (F=0.876 and p=0.428). However, there was a reduction in the hormonal physiological profile of vasopressin from 7.1 pg/ml to 5.8 pg/ml after the first two interventions. Osmolality concentration changed from 270.65 to 286.51 mOsm/kg, with no statistical difference (F=2.207; p=0.09). Ice popsicles significantly reduced thirst intensity (F=10.00; p=0.001) and thirst discomfort (F=10.528; p <0.001). Conclusion: There was a reduction in thirst intensity and discomfort after the use of the 20 ml ice popsicle. There was no statistical difference for vasopressin and osmolality. However, there was a reduction in the hormonal physiological profile of vasopressin during 30 minutes of intervention.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos del picolé de hielo sobre el perfil hormonal de la vasopresina, la osmolaridad, y la intensidad y el malestar de la sed. Método: Estudio casi-experimental pre- y pos-test, realizado en laboratorio. Nueve varones voluntarios sanos recibieron solución salina endovenosa al 2% y un picolé de hielo de 20 ml cada 15 minutos. Resultados: Ingerir el picolé no derivó en una caída estadísticamente significativa del nivel de vasopresina (F=0,876 y p=0,428). Entretanto, se registró una reducción en el perfil hormonal de la vasopresina de 7,1 pg/ml a 5,8 pg/ml después de las dos intervenciones. La osmolaridad plasmática se modificó de 270,65 a 286,51 mOsm/kg sin diferencia estadística (F=2,207; p=0,09). Se registraron reducciones en la intensidad (F=10,00 y p= 0,001) y en el malestar de la sed (F= 10,528; p<0,001). Conclusión: Se registraron reducciones en la intensidad y el malestar de la sed después de la intervención. No hubo diferencia estadística para la vasopresina y la osmolaridad. De esta manera, se observa la reducción en el perfil fisiológico de la vasopresina durante los 30 minutos de la intervención.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar efeitos do picolé de gelo sobre perfil hormonal de vasopressina, osmolaridade, intensidade e desconforto da sede. Método: Quase-experimental, pré e pós-teste, realizado em laboratório. Nove voluntários saudáveis receberam solução salina endovenosa 2% e um picolé de gelo 20 ml a cada 15 minutos. As variáveis foram coletadas em cinco momentos. Resultados: Ingestão do picolé não resultou queda estatisticamente significativa da vasopressina (F = 0,876 e p = 0,428). Houve redução no perfil hormonal da vasopressina de 7,1 pg/ml para 5,8 pg/ml após duas intervenções. Osmolaridade plasmática alterou de 270,65 para 286,51 mOsm/kg, sem diferença estatística (F=2,207; p= 0,09). Houve redução da intensidade (F=10,00 e p= 0,001) e desconforto da sede (F=10,528; p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve redução na intensidade e desconforto da sede. Não houve diferença estatística para vasopressina e osmolaridade. Observou-se redução no perfil fisiológico da vasopressina durante 30 minutos de intervenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Osmolar Concentration , Thirst , Vasopressins , Ice-cold Foods , Perioperative Nursing
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical performance of anti-peptidylarginine deiminase 2 (PAD2) and anti-PAD4 antibodies combined testing in a Chinese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cohort.Methods:A total of 148 RA inpatients and 35 patients with non-RA arthritis as controls (DC) were recruited from November, 2018 to November, 2019 in Peking University People′s Hospital. In addition, a total of 44 healthy controls (HC) who went to Peking University People′s Hospital for annual physical examination were collected from June 2019 to July 2019. The α-PAD2 and α-PAD4 level in clinical specimens were determined by ELISA. Statistical analysis was performed by the Mann-Whitney U test, the Kruskal-Wallis (KW) test, the χ 2 test or the Fisher′s Exact Test, as necessary. Correlation analysis were performed by logistic regression. Results:α-PAD2 and α-PAD4 were present in 26.4% (39/148) and 20.9% (31/148) patients with RA, 5.7% (2/35) and 5.7% DC (2/35) and 4.5% (2/44) and 2.3% HC (2/44), respectively. α-PAD4-positive RA patients displayed significantly longer disease duration compared to α-PAD4-negative RA patients (17.3±13.2 years vs 8.6±10.2 years, P<0.001). α-PAD4-positive RA patients showed a significantly higher incidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) compared to those without α-PAD4 (54.8% vs 25.6%, P=0.002). No associations between α-PAD2 and ILD were found ( OR: 0.797, P=0.579). In contrast, significant associations between α-PAD4 and ILD were found ( OR: 3.521, P=0.002). In seropositive RA, α-PAD4 displayed a weak correlation with ILD ( OR: 2.324, P=0.046), but this association was greatly enhanced when combined with α-PAD2 [anti-PAD2 (-)] ( OR: 4.059, P=0.007). Conclusions:The findings delineate the clinical relevance of α-PAD2 and α-PAD4 in RA and suggest that the combined testing for α-PAD2 and α-PAD4 may provide additional diagnostic value to the current clinically available assays in RA, in particular in identifying patients at risk of RA-ILD.

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