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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-9, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538307

ABSTRACT

Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life between patients who have already undergone the TKA surgery and those who have not. Methodology: 118 patients [60 undergoing TKA (G1) and the remaining 58 awaiting the procedure (G2)] answered questions about QoL using the WOMAC and SF-36 protocols. The comparison was performed using the chi-square test and Student's t-test, with a significance level of 0.05. Results: with regard to clinical aspects, there was a higher level of pain in Group G2, as well as greater frequency in the use of medications, especially for pain relief. In the QoL evaluation, significant difference was observed in all the domains of the generic questionnaire SF-36 and in WOMAC, estando a capacidade functional do G2 reduzida e abaixo do nível observado nos pacientes do G1. Conclusion: patients with advanced knee arthrosis who underwent TKA, compared to those who did not undergo the procedure, had better quality of life in all domains assessed by both the general SF-36 questionnaire and the WOMAC questionnaire.


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade de vida entre pacientes que já se submeteram à cirurgia de ATJ e aqueles que ainda não passaram pelo procedimento. Metodologia: 118 pacientes [60 submetidos à ATJ (G1) e os 58 restantes aguardando o procedimento (G2)] responderam perguntas sobre QV usando os protocolos WOMAC e SF-36. A comparação foi realizada usando o teste qui-quadrado e o teste t de Student, com um nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: em relação aos aspectos clínicos, houve um maior nível de dor no Grupo G2, bem como maior frequência no uso de medicamentos, especialmente para alívio da dor. Na avaliação da QV, foi observada diferença significativa em todos os domínios do questionário genérico SF-36 e no WOMAC, estando a capacidade funcional do G2 reduzida e abaixo do nível observado nos pacientes do G1. Conclusão: pacientes com artrose avançada de joelho que se submeteram à ATJ, em comparação com aqueles que não passaram pelo procedimento, apresentaram melhor qualidade de vida em todos os domínios avaliados tanto pelo questionário geral SF-36 quanto pelo questionário WOMAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female
2.
São Paulo med. j ; 142(3): e2023121, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530517

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The High Activity Arthroplasty Score (HAAS) is a self-administered questionnaire, developed in British English, that reliably and validly measures the levels of sports activities in patients following hip and knee arthroplasty surgery. OBJECTIVE: To cross-culturally adapt the HAAS to Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a public university hospital in Brazil. METHODS: The Brazilian version of the HAAS was created through a six-step process: translation, synthesis, committee review, pretesting, back-translation, and submission to developers. The translation step was conducted by two independent bilingual translators, both native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese. The back-translation was performed by an independent translator, a native speaker of British English. To ensure the questionnaire's comprehensibility, 46 volunteers (51% men; average age 34-63) participated in the pre-testing step. RESULTS: The cross-cultural adaptation process necessitated modifications to certain terms and expressions to achieve cultural equivalence with the original HAAS. CONCLUSION: The HAAS has been translated from English into Brazilian Portuguese and culturally adapted for Brazil. The validation process for HAAS-Brazil is currently underway.

3.
Adv Rheumatol ; 64: 4, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533541

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Osteonecrosis is a major cause of morbidity for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although core decompression is an approved and trusted technique to prevent further joint deterioration, this surgical method seems to be less beneficial for SLE patients. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of core decompression in SLE patients with primary stages of femoral head osteonecrosis. Methods In this study, 23 patients (39 affected hip joints) with osteonecrosis of the femoral head with stage II of the disease, based on the Ficat-Arlet classification system, underwent core decompression. Also, patients demographic characteristics, clinical data, medication history, comorbidities, immunological findings, hip plain radiographs, history of total hip arthroplasty after core decompression, and patients satisfaction with joint function according to the Oxford hip score questionnaire were obtained. Results In the study, 53.8% of affected joints showed signs of radiographic deterioration in follow-up imaging. Sixty-one and a half percent (61.5%) of patients had unsatisfactory joint performance. A third (33.3%) of affected hip joints underwent total hip arthroplasty up to 5 years from core decompression. SLE patients with a history of receiving bisphosphonate were 83.2% less dissatisfied with their joint function than patients without a history of bisphospho-nate use (P < 0.02). Of the 23 studied cases, the mean cumulative dose of prednisolone before and after core decompression surgery was 46.41 mg and 14.74 mg respectively. Besides, one case (2.6%) that had a high anti-phospholipid antibodies level during follow-up did not have any radiographic deterioration, and 9 cases (23.1%) had some degrees of radiographic deterioration. Conclusions The patients group that used bis-phosphonate, had a higher level of satisfaction with joint function after core decompression. Patients with high-level anti-phospholipid antibodies are related to a poor prognosis after core decompression.

4.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(1): e266853, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1549995

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of drainage tube placement on postoperative pain, recovery, and opioid consumption within a 72-hour period following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Methods: Patients with medial knee osteoarthritis who underwent UKA from January 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups based on whether they received a drain postoperatively. Results: The drainage group had significantly lower VAS scores on day 1, day 2, and day 3, in addition to significantly smaller changes in the circumference of the knee joint within 3 days postoperatively (P <0.05). The ROM in the drainage group significantly increased at 3 days and 1 month post-surgery, with a statistically significant difference in morphine consumption between the two groups at 3 days (P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (5 cases) and wound bleeding (1 case) was lower in the drainage group compared to the non-drainage group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The placement of a drainage tube in UKA may reduce the swelling of knee joint and pain, which not only reduces the use of Opioid but also facilitates early functional activities of the knee joint. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective Comparative Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da implantação do tubo de drenagem na dor pós-operatória, na recuperação e no consumo de opioides em um período de 72 horas após a artroplastia unicompartimental do joelho (UKA). Métodos: Pacientes com osteoartrite medial do joelho submetidos à UKA de janeiro de 2019 a agosto de 2020 foram incluídos no estudo e divididos em dois grupos com base no fato de terem ou não recebido um dreno no pós-operatório. Resultados: O grupo de drenagem apresentou escores EVA significativamente menores no dia 1, no dia 2 e no dia 3, além de alterações significativamente menores na circunferência da articulação do joelho em 3 dias de pós-operatório (P <0,05). A ADM no grupo de drenagem aumentou significativamente em 3 dias e 1 mês após a cirurgia, com uma diferença estatisticamente significativa no consumo de morfina entre os dois grupos em 3 dias (P<0,05). A incidência de náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório(5 casos) e sangramento da ferida (1 caso) foi menor no grupo de drenagem em comparação com o grupo sem drenagem (P<0,05). Conclusão: A utilização de tubo de drenagem na UKA pode reduzir o edema articular do joelho e a dor, reduzindo o uso de opioides e facilitando as atividades funcionais iniciais da articulação do joelho. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Comparativo Retrospectivo.

5.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(1): e269506, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550002

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Demonstrate whether a multiprofessional Clinical Pathway Program in Total Knee Arthroplasty (CPPA) contributesto optimizing hospital care. Method: Retrospective study of medical data of care indicators in 310 patients divided into two groups: A- who underwent arthroplasty in the last biennium before the introduction of the CPPA (n=144) and group B- who underwent TKA in the biennium after the introduction of the CPPA (n=166). Results: Postoperative showed a significant difference in favor of group B over group A for hospitalization time in days 4.33 ± 2.79 and 5.4 ± 1.67 (p<0.001), time of prophylactic antibiotic in hours 28.13 ± 33.77 and 81.49 ± 40.91 (p<0.001), referral to the intensive care unit 40.9% and 73.4% (p<0.001), initiation of thromboprophylaxis within 24 hours 97.9% and 82.5% (p<0.001), use of elastic stockings and/or intermittent compression prescribed for thromboprophylaxis 89.5% and 31.2% (p<0.001), initiation of rehabilitation within 24 hours 90.1% and 66.1% (p<0.001), readmissions within 30 days 4.1% and 3% (p = 0.76), readmissions 90 days 2.7% and 6.6% (p = 0.183), transfusions 5.5% and 15.2% (p = 0.033). Conclusion: The implementation of a multiprofessional CPPA contributed to the implementation of care protocols, favoring greater patient safety. Level of Evidence III; Retrospective Comparative Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Demonstrar se um Programa de Cuidados Clínicos multiprofissional em Artroplastia Total de Joelho (PCCA) contribui para a otimização assistencial hospitalar. Método: Estudo retrospectivo em prontuários de indicadores assistenciais em 310 pacientes divididos em dois grupos: A- submetidos a artroplastia no último biênio antecessor a introdução do PCCA (n=144) e grupo B- submetidos a ATJ no biênio após a introdução do PCCA (n=166). Resultados: Indicadores pós-operatórios mostraram diferença significativa a favor do grupo B sobre o grupo A para tempo de hospitalização em dias 4,33 ± 2,79 e 5,4 ± 1,67 (p<0,001), tempo de antibiótico profilático em horas 28,13 ± 33,77 e 81,49 ± 40,91 (p<0,001), encaminhamento para unidade de terapia intensiva 40,9% e 73,4% (p<0,001), início da tromboprofilaxia dentro de 24h 97,9% e 82,5% (p<0,001), uso de meias elásticas e/ou compressão intermitente prescritos para tromboprofilaxia 89,5% e 31,2% (p<0,001), tempo para iniciação da reabilitação em 24h 90,1% e 66,1% (p<0,001), readmissões em 30 dias 4,1% e 3% (p = 0,76), readmissões 90 dias 2,7% e 6,6% (p = 0,183), transfusões 5,5% e 15,2% (p = 0,033). Conclusão: A implementação de um PCCA multiprofissional contribuiu para o cumprimento dos protocolos assistenciais favorecendo maior segurança para os pacientes. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo Retrospectivo Comparativo.

6.
Acta ortop. bras ; 32(spe1): e268054, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556719

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sliding osteotomy of the lateral epicondyle in correcting rigid valgus deformity in knee arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective study of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty with lateral epicondyle sliding osteotomy between 2006 and 2018. The main outcome was the incidence of complications and adverse events. Secondary outcomes were Visual Analog Scale for Pain, varus stress test, and varus knee thrust during gait. Results: 19 knees (19 participants) were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 4.2 years. There were no cases of infection or reoperation due to instability. Two participants (10.5%) had mild or moderate knee pain (VAS pain = 4.6 ± 1.9). Two arthroplasties (10.5%) had mild varus stress. No participant presented varus thrust. Conclusion: Sliding osteotomy of the lateral epicondyle allows fast and safe ligament balance of knee valgus deformities. Level of Evidence I, Case series.


RESUMO Avaliar a eficácia e a segurança da osteotomia de deslizamento do epicôndilo lateral na correção da deformidade em valgo rígida na artroplastia de joelho. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos à artroplastia total do joelho com osteotomia de deslizamento do epicôndilo lateral entre 2006 e 2018. O principal desfecho foi a incidência de complicações e eventos adversos. Os desfechos secundários foram escala visual analógica para dor, teste de estresse em varo e flambagem em varo do joelho durante a marcha. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 19 joelhos (19 participantes). O seguimento médio foi de 4,2 anos. Não houve nenhum caso de infecção ou reoperação devido à instabilidade. Dois participantes (10,5%) apresentaram algum tipo de dor leve ou moderada no joelho (EVA = 4,6 ± 1,9). Duas artroplastias (10,5%) apresentaram estresse em varo leve. Nenhum participante apresentou flambagem em varo. Conclusão: A osteotomia de deslizamento do epicôndilo lateral possibilitou o balanço ligamentar das deformidades em valgo do joelho de forma rápida e segura. Nível de Evidência IV, Série de Casos.

7.
Braz. j. anesth ; 74(2): 744461, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This trial aimed to identify the Minimum Effective Concentration (MEC90, defined as the concentration which can provide successful block in 90% of patients) of 30 mL ropivacaine for single-shot ultrasound-guided transmuscular Quadratus Lumborum Block (QLB) in patients undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Methods: A double-blind, randomized dose-finding study using the biased coin design up-and-down sequential method, where the concentration of local anesthetic administered to each patient depended on the response from the previous one. Block success was defined as a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) score during motion ≤ 3 at 6 hours after arrival in the ward. If the block was successful, the next subject received either a 0.025% smaller dose (probability of 0.11) or the same dose (probability of 0.89); otherwise, the next subject received a 0.025% higher ropivacaine concentration. MEC90, MEC95 and MEC99 were estimated by isotonic regression, and the corresponding 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CIs) were calculated by the bootstrapping method. Results: Based on the analysis of 52 patients, MEC90, MEC95, and MEC99 of ropivacaine for QLB were estimated to be 0.352% (95% CI 0.334-0.372%), 0.363% (95% CI 0.351-0.383%), and 0.373% (95% CI 0.363-0.386%). The concentration of ropivacaine at 0.352% in a volume of 30 ml can provide a successful block in 90% of patients. Conclusions: For ultrasound-guided transmuscular QLB in patients undergoing THA, 0.352% ropivacaine in a volume of 30 ml can provide a successful block in 90% of patients. Further dose-finding studies and large sample size are required to verify the concentration.

8.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 37: e37114, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Femur fractures and hip osteoarthritis affect the functional independence of older adults. Hip arthroplasty (HA) is a surgery to treat these conditions and physiotherapy can reduce functional dependence levels. Objective Compare pre- and postoperative functional dependence in older adults submitted to HA, assess the association between functional dependence and independence, and whether age is associated with greater functional dependence in these patients. Methods A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive comparative study with older adult volunteers submitted to HA evaluated before and after surgery using the Katz index and Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Comparative analysis was performed via Wilcoxon's matched pairs test and Spearman's correlation. Linear regression was applied to assess the influence of functional dependence on postoperative independence (p < 0.05). Results Forty-eight patients were evaluated in the pre- and postoperative stages using the Katz index, which demonstrated reduced functional dependence after HA. The FIM assessment indicated greater post-operative functional dependence, demonstrating the surgical procedure combined with early physiotherapy while patients were hospitalized promoted functional independence in older adults. Additionally, there was a directly proportional relationship between dependence level and age. Conclusion Functional dependence declined after HA, which improved independence in older adults. Functional dependence affected postoperative independence and age influenced functional dependence.


Resumo Introdução Fraturas de colo do fêmur e osteoartrose no quadril afetam a independência funcional de idosos. A artroplastia de quadril (AQ) é uma cirurgia para tratar essas condições e a fisioterapia pode reduzir o nível de dependência funcional. Objetivo Comparar o nível de dependência funcional pré e pós-operatório de idosos submetidos à AQ, avaliar a associação entre dependência funcional e independência funcional e verificar se a idade está associada à pior dependência funcional destes pacientes. Métodos Estudo transversal, descritivo, quantitativo e de associação, onde voluntários idosos submetidos à AQ foram avaliados no pré e pós-operatório usando o índice de Katz e a Medida de Independência Funcional (MIF). A análise comparativa foi realizada com os testes estatísticos Wilcoxon pareado e correlação de Spearman. Uma regressão linear examinou a influência da dependência funcional na independência pós-operatória (p < 0,05). Resultados Quarenta e oito pacientes foram avaliados tanto no pré quanto no pós-operatório por meio do índice Katz, observando-se uma redução da dependência funcional após o procedimento de AQ. A avaliação da MIF demonstrou que houve aumento da independência funcional no pós-operatório, demonstrando que o procedimento cirúrgico associado à fisioterapia precoce, enquanto o paciente ainda está hospitalizado, promoveu a independência funcional. Além disto, houve uma relação diretamente proporcional entre nível de dependência e idade. Conclusão A dependência funcional reduziu após a cirurgia de AQ e aumentou a independência em idosos. A dependência funcional impactou a independência após a cirurgia e a idade influenciou a dependência funcional.

9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 59(1): 68-75, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559598

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the function and muscle strength of the limb between patients undergoing knee arthroplasties using primary implants with posterior stabilization (control group) and patients with rotating hinge implants (Hinge group). Methods: Function assessment was performed using the Knee Society Score (KSS) and muscle strength using an isokinetic dynamometer using a speed of 60°/s. Results: 43 patients were analyzed, who underwent 51 surgeries, with the Hinge group comprising 25 surgeries and the control group comprising 26 primary surgeries. We did not observe significant differences between the Hinge and control groups in the values of functional KSS (p = 0.54), objective KSS (p = 0.91), peak flexor torque (p = 0.25) and peak extensor torque (p = 0.08). Patients in the Hinge group who underwent primary arthroplasties had a higher peak flexor torque (0.76 Nm/kg) than those who used the implant in revision after septic failure (0.33 Nm/kg) (p <0.05). The constrained implant was indicated in arthroplasty revision surgeries with severe ligament instability and in cases of complex primary arthroplasties with bone destruction or severe coronal deformity in the coronal plane. Conclusion: The use of constrained implants enables joint function and muscle strength comparable to patients who underwent primary arthroplasty using conventional implants with posterior stabilization. Patients undergoing septic revision with a rotating Hinge prosthesis exhibit lower flexor muscle strength compared to those undergoing primary arthroplasty with a constrained implant.


Resumo Objetivo: Comparar a função e a força muscular do membro entre pacientes submetidos a artroplastias do joelho que utilizaram implantes primários com estabilização posterior (grupo controle) e pacientes com implantes constritos rotatórios (grupo Hinge). Métodos: A avaliação da função foi feita por meio do Knee Society Score (KSS) e da força muscular por um dinamômetro isocinético utilizando a velocidade de 60°/s. Resultados: Foram analisados 43 pacientes, que realizaram 51 cirurgias, sendo o grupo Hinge composto por 25 cirurgias e o grupo controle por 26 cirurgias primárias. Não observamos diferenças significativas entre os grupos Hinge e controle nos valores do KSS funcional (p = 0,54), KSS objetivo (p = 0,91), pico de torque flexor (p = 0,25) e pico de torque extensor (p =0,08). Os pacientes do grupo Hinge que realizaram artro-plastias primárias apresentaram um pico de torque flexor maior (0,76 Nm/kg) que aqueles que utilizaram o implante em revisão após falha séptica (0,33 Nm/kg) (p < 0,05). O implante constrito foi indicado em cirurgias de revisão de artroplastia com instabilidade ligamentar grave e em casos de artroplastias primárias complexas com destruição óssea ou deformidade coronal grave no plano coronal. Conclusão: O uso de implantes bloqueados possibilita função articular e força muscular comparáveis a dos pacientes que realizaram artroplastia primária utilizando implantes convencionais com estabilização posterior. Pacientes submetidos à revisão séptica com prótese Hinge rotatória apresentam menor força da musculatura flexora em relação àqueles submetidos a artroplastia primária com implante constrito.

10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 59(1): 93-100, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559612

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of radiographic values on clinical and functional results in patients treated with reverse arthroplasty for rotator cuff arthropathy (RCA) using a lateralized design. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed. Patient demographics were recorded, as well as preoperative and postoperative range of motion. Function was calculated using the Constant-Murley score both before and after the procedure. Pre and postoperative anteroposterior and axial radiographs of the affected shoulder were analysed. In the preoperative images, the following was calculated: acromiohumeral distance (AHD) and lateral humeral offset (LHO). Postoperative measurements included: AHD, LHO, distalization shoulder angle (DSA) and lateralisation shoulder angle (LSA). Linear regression and quadratic regression analysis was performed to determine their degree of association with final functional outcomes. By applying a quadratic regression analysis and ROC curves, the cut-off values were determined with respect to the above-mentioned angles and the VPP was calculated. Results: The greater anterior elevation (AE) ranges were found with DSA between 40-45° and LSA among 80°- 90°, while better ABD was observed with LSA of 90-100°. Preoperative AHD was correlated to RE (rs:0.47; p:0.049). Postoperative AHD was found to be in a directly proportional relationship with AE (rs:0.49; p:0.03). Postoperative ABD showed an inverse linear regression with preoperative AHD (rs: -0.44, p:0.047). LSA and DSA were inversely related. Conclusion: We found that a DSA between 40-45° and a LSA of 80-100° could lead to better range of motion regarding AE and ABD in patients with rotator cuff arthropathy treated with RSA.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a influência dos valores radiográficos nos resultados clínicos e funcionais em pacientes tratados com artroplastia reversa para artropatia do manguito rotador utilizando um desenho lateralizado. Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva. Foram registradas as demografias dos pacientes, bem como o intervalo de movimento pré-operatório e pós-operatório. A função foi calculada usando a pontuação Constant-Murley tanto antes como depois do procedimento. Radiografias pré e pós-operatórias anteroposteriores e axiais do ombro afetado foram analisadas. Nas imagens pré-operatórias, foram calculados a distância acromioumeral (DAU)e offset lateral umeral (OLU). As medidas pós-operatórias incluídas foram DAU, OLU, ângulo de distalização do ombro (ADO) e ângulo de lateralização do ombro (ALO). Foi realizada uma análise de regressão linear e regressão quadrática para determinar seu grau de associação com os resultados funcionais finais. Aplicando uma análise de regressão quadrática e curvas ROC, os valores de corte foram determinados em relação aos ângulos acima mencionados e o valor preditivo positivo foi calculado. Resultados: As maiores faixas de elevação anterior (EA) foram encontradas com ADO entre 40 e 45° e ALO entre 80 e 90°, enquanto a melhor abdução (ABD) foi observada com ALO de 90 e 100°. A DAU pré-operatória foi correlacionada com a rotação externa (RE) (rs: 0,47; p: 0,049). A DAU pós-operatória apresentou uma relação diretamente proporcional com a EA (rs: 0,49; p: 0,03). A ABD pós-operatória mostrou uma regressão linear inversa com a DAU pré-operatória (rs: -0,44, p: 0,047). O ALO e o ADO estavam inversamente relacionados. Conclusão: Determinamos que um ADO entre 40 e 45° e um ALO de 80 e 100° poderia levar a uma melhor amplitude de movimento em relação à EA e ABD em pacientes com artropatia do manguito rotador tratados com artroplastia reversa de ombro.

11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 59(1): 21-28, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559616

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hip arthroplasties are surgical procedures widely performed all over the world, seeking to return functionality, relieve pain, and improve the quality of life of patients affected by osteoarthritis, femoral neck fractures, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, among other etiologies. Periprosthetic joint infections are one of the most feared complications due to the high associated morbidity and mortality, with a high number of pathogens that may be associated with its etiology. The aim of the present study was to analyze aspects correlated with the occurrence of infection, diagnosis and prevention of periprosthetic joint infections in the hip associated with Staphylococcus aureus after corrective surgery for hip fractures. This is a systematic review of the literature carried out in the databases indexed in the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE) carried out in accordance with the precepts established by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology. Twenty studies that addressed the diagnosis and prevention of periprosthetic joint infections after hip fractures were selected for analysis. It is observed that there is no consensus in the literature on preventive measures for the occurrence of such infectious processes. Among the risk factors for the occurrence and severity of infections by S. aureus after hip arthroplasties, obesity, longer surgical time, older age, immunosuppression, recent use of antibiotics, and multicomorbidities were mentioned. The use of biomarkers for early diagnosis, as well as screening, decolonization, and antibiotic prophylaxis processes are among the preventive procedures proposed in the literature.


Resumo As artroplastias de quadril são procedimentos cirúrgicos largamente realizados em todo o mundo buscando retorno da funcionalidade, alívio da dor e melhora da qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos por quadros de osteoartrite, fraturas de colo de fêmur e osteonecrose da cabeça femoral, dentre outras etiologias. As infecções articulares periprotéticas são uma das complicações mais temidas pela elevada morbimortalidade associada, com elevado número de patógenos que podem estar associados à sua etiologia. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar aspectos correlacionados à ocorrência da infecção, diagnóstico e prevenção de infecções articulares periprotéticas no quadril associadas a Staphylococcus aureus após cirurgia corretiva de fraturas de quadril. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de literatura realizada nas bases de dados indexadas na Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE, na sigla em inglês) realizada de acordo com os preceitos estabelecidos pela metodologia Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA, na sigla em inglês). Foram selecionados para análise 20 estudos que abordavam o diagnóstico e prevenção de infecções articulares periprotéticas após fraturas de quadril. Observa-se que não há consenso na literatura sobre medidas preventivas para ocorrência de tais processo infecciosos. Dentre os fatores de risco para ocorrência e gravidade das infecções por S. aureus após artroplastias de quadril foram citados obesidade, maior tempo cirúrgico, maior idade, quadros de imunossupressão, uso recente de antibióticos e multicomorbidades. O uso de bio-marcadores para diagnóstico precoce, bem como processos de triagem, descolonização e antibioticoprofilaxia estão entre os procedimentos preventivos propostos na literatura.

12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 86-91, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of total hip replacement (THA) in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to June 2022, 15 patients with secondary traumatic arthritis of acetabulum fracture were treated with THA. There were 8 males and 7 females, aged from 40 to 76 years old with an average of (59.20±9.46) years old. Prosthesis loosening, dislocation of hip joint, range of motion of hip joint, nerve injury and other conditions were recorded before and after surgery. Harris score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and imaging were used to evaluate hip joint function and surgical effect.@*RESULTS@#Follow-up time ranged 6 to 39 months with an average of (18.33±9.27) months. All the 15 patients successfully completed the operation, no nerve and blood vessel injury during the operation, postoperative wound healing was stageⅠ, no infection, one case of acetabular side prosthesis loosening at half a year after operation, and recovered well after revision surgery, one case of hip dislocation was cured after open reduction treatment, no adverse consequences. Harris score at the last postoperative follow-up was (88.60±4.01) points, compared with the preoperative (47.20±11.77) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), and VAS at the lateat postoperative follow-up was 1 (1) points, compared with the preoperative 8 (2) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the pain symptoms were relieved or disappeared, and the joint function was satisfactory. The imaging data of the latest follow-up showed joint was well pseudoradiated, no abnormal ossification occurred, and the prosthesis was not loose.@*CONCLUSION@#THA is effective in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture and can effectively improve the quality of life of patients. Preoperative comprehensive evaluation and bone defect evaluation of patients, and intraoperative management of acetabulum, femur, internal fixation and bone defect are key factors for the success of surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Prosthesis Failure , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Acetabulum/injuries , Hip Prosthesis , Hip Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 15-21, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of the combined anteversion angle technique in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for treating ankylosing spondylitis (AS) affecting the hip joint.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 73 patients with AS affecting the hip joint who underwent THA between August 2018 and August 2021. According to whether the combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA, the patients were divided into study group (37 cases, combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA) and control group (36 cases, traditional THA). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, preoperative Harris score, range of motion (ROM), acetabular anteversion angle, acetabular abduction angle, femoral anteversion angle, and combined anteversion angle between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, hospital stay, and complications of the two groups were recorded and compared. The Harris score and hip ROM were compared between the two groups before operation, at 1, 3, 6, 12 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, acetabular component abduction angle, and component combined anteversion angle were measured postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#The operation time in the study group was significantly shorter than that in the control group ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no intraoperative complication such as acetabular and proximal femoral fractures, neurovascular injuries in both groups, and the incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-3 years, with an average of 2.4 years; there was no significant difference in the follow-up time between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up period, there was no complication such as hip dislocation, wound infection, delayed wound healing, deep venous thrombosis, and hip dislocation in both groups. The hip Harris score and ROM of the two groups gradually increased with time after operation, and the differences were significant when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); the above two indicators of the study group were significantly better than those of the control group at each time point after operation ( P<0.05). Extensive bone ingrowth on the surface of the components could be observed in the anteroposterior X-ray films of the hip joint of the two groups at 12 months after operation, and the acetabular components was stable without femoral stem subsidence, osteolysis around the components, and heterotopic ossification. At last follow-up, the acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, and component combined anteversion angle in the study group were significantly superior to those in the control group ( P<0.05), except that there was no significant difference in the acetabular component abduction angle between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with AS affecting the hip joint, the use of the combined anteversion angle technique during THA effectively promotes the recovery of hip joint function and enhances the postoperative quality of life of patients when compared to traditional THA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 9-14, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) with compound betamethasone in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 102 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by TKA and met the selection criteria between May 2022 and March 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into control group and study group according to whether LIA preparation was added with compound betamethasone, with 51 cases in each group. There was no significant difference of baseline data, such as age, gender, body mass index, operative side, preoperative range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score (KSS), white blood cell (WBC), and hematocrit between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative total blood loss and hidden blood loss were recorded, and WBC was recorded on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation. Pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation and morphine intake milligrames equivalent within 48 hours after operation. Passive ROM, maximum extension and flexion angles of knee joint were measured on the 3rd day after operation; the early postoperative complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in total blood loss and hidden blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative pain levels in both groups were relatively mild, and there was no significant difference in VAS scores in the first 3 days after operation and in morphine intake milligrams equivalent within 48 hours after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The WBC in the first 3 days after operation was significantly improved in both groups ( P<0.05). The WBC in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group on the 1st and 2nd days after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups on the 3rd day after operation ( P>0.05). On the 3rd day after operation, the maximum extension angle of knee joint in the study group was smaller than that in the control group, while the maximum flexion angle and passive ROM of knee joint in the study group were larger than those in the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There were 6 cases of fever and 17 cases of deep venous thrombosis in the control group, and 1 case and 14 cases in the study group, respectively. There was no poor wound healing and periprosthetic joint infection in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of compound betamethasone in LIA during TKA is a safe and optimal strategy to promote the early postoperative rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Anesthesia, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Morphine
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(9): e20221231, set. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514732

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Pathology in any segment of the spine-pelvis-lower extremity may impair the global postural balance, leading to compensatory alterations in other parts. The aim of this study was to compare the pelvic movements of patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis with patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty and healthy controls. METHODS: This study was performed at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic of a Cankiri State Hospital between April 2021 and February 2022. This study included 84 participants. Of them, 31 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between 2018 and 2020 years were selected as the total knee arthroplasty group, while 28 patients with knee osteoarthritis were selected as the knee osteoarthritis group. In the control group, there were 25 healthy individuals. Exclusion criteria from the study included any kind of neurological disease, an inability to walk a distance of 100 m unassisted, or a history of surgery to the lower limb. Pelvic movements (i.e., tilt, rotation, and obliquity) and gait parameters (i.e., "gait velocity," "cadence," and "stride length") were assessed using a wireless tri-axial accelerometer. RESULTS: Total knee arthroplasty and control groups had decreased minimum anterior tilt of the pelvis, decreased maximum anterior tilt, and decreased oblique range of the pelvis compared with the knee osteoarthritis group. In comparison with the control group, gait velocity and length of stride during gait were remarkably lower in both knee osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty groups. CONCLUSION: In this study, total knee arthroplasty was found to affect pelvic movements. It was thought that total knee arthroplasty changed these variables, probably owing to the frontal and sagittal plane alignment correction through surgery.

16.
Radiol. bras ; 56(5): 255-262, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529317

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the association between osteolysis at the prosthesis interfaces, as determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with multiacquisition variable-resonance image combination selective (MAVRIC-SL) sequences, and clinical severity after knee or hip arthroplasty, as well as to assess interobserver and intraobserver agreement on periprosthetic bone resorption. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 47 patients (49 joints) under postoperative follow-up after knee or hip arthroplasty, with chronic pain, between March 2019 and August 2020. All of the patients completed the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire. The component interfaces were evaluated and ordered into two groups: osseointegrated and osteolytic. Nonparametric tests were used. Results: There were significant differences between the two groups in terms of the mean WOMAC scores: total (p = 0.010); stiffness domain (p = 0.047); and function (p = 0.011) domains. There was substantial interobserver and intraobserver agreement for most analyses of the components. Conclusion: Periprosthetic osteolysis appears to be associated with clinical complaints of pain in the post-arthroplasty scenario, and MAVRIC-SL provides reproducible assessments. It could prove to be an important tool for orthopedists to use in the evaluation of challenging cases of chronic pain after arthroplasty.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar associação entre osteólise nas interfaces protéticas por ressonância magnética com sequências MAVRIC-SL e a gravidade clínica dos pacientes submetidos a artroplastias de joelho ou quadril. Determinar concordância intraobservador e interobservador na reabsorção óssea peri-implante. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado estudo transversal entre março de 2019 e agosto de 2020, com 47 pacientes (49 articulações) em seguimento pós-operatório de artroplastias de joelho ou quadril, com dor crônica, que responderam ao questionário WOMAC. As interfaces dos componentes foram avaliadas e definiram dois grupos: osteointegrado e osteólise. Testes não paramétricos foram usados. Resultados: Houve diferença significativa na média do escore WOMAC entre os grupos (p = 0,010), assim como nos domínios rigidez (p = 0,047) e função (p = 0,011). Houve concordância substancial interobservador e intraobservador para a maioria dos componentes analisados. Conclusão: Osteólise periprótese parece estar associada com a queixa clínica de dor pós-artroplastia, com avaliação reprodutível pela MAVRIC-SL. Isto pode ser uma importante ferramenta para o ortopedista na avaliação de casos desafiadores de dor crônica pós-artroplastia.

17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 781-789, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529949

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the cure rate recovery time and Merle d'Aubigné-Postel functional (MAPF) score after single-stage surgery (C1T) or two-stage surgery (C2T) to treat prosthetic infections of the hip considering sociodemographic and clinical features of the patients. Materials and Methods The present retrospective study occurred in a single center from 2011 to 2014 with 37 studied cases including 26 treated with C1T and 11 with C2T. We compared the cure rate recovery time and MAPF score in the two groups as well as the sociodemographic and clinical features of the patients. We also considered surgical complications and the most common infectious agents. Results The C1T group had a faster functional recovery than the C2T group but there were no significant differences in the cure rate surgical complications or MAPF score. However C1T group patients were significantly younger which may have influenced the outcomes. Staphylococcus spp. was the most common infectious agent (62%). Conclusion Although C2T appears superior regarding infection cure C1T may be preferable for faster functional recovery. However it is critical to consider individual patient characteristics when choosing treatment. Further research with a larger sample size is required to confirm these results.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a taxa de cura, o tempo de recuperação e a pontuação na escala funcional de Merle d'Aubigné-Postel (EFMA) entre a cirurgia em tempo único (C1T) e a cirurgia em dois tempos (C2T) no tratamento de infecções protéticas do quadril, considerando as características sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes. Materiais e Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo num único centro, entre 2011 e 2014, com um total de 37 casos estudados, sendo 26 tratados com C1T e 11 com C2T. Foram comparadas a taxa de cura, o tempo de recuperação e a pontuação EFMA entre os dois grupos, bem como as características sociodemográficas e clínicas dos pacientes. Foram também consideradas as complicações cirúrgicas e o agente infeccioso mais comum. Resultados O grupo C1T teve uma recuperação funcional mais rápida do que o grupo C2T, mas não houve diferenças significativas na taxa de cura, nas complicações cirúrgicas ou na pontuação EFMA. No entanto, o grupo C1T era significativamente mais jovem, o que pode ter influenciado os resultados. Staphylococcus spp. foi o agente infeccioso mais comum (62%). Conclusão Embora a C2T pareça ser superior em termos de cura de infecção, a C1T pode ser preferível para uma recuperação funcional mais rápida. No entanto, as características individuais dos pacientes devem ser consideradas na escolha do tratamento. São necessárias mais pesquisas com um tamanho de amostra maior para confirmar estes resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reoperation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Infections
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 818-821, Sept.-Oct. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529941

ABSTRACT

Abstract It is not common to encounter arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) during total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the present case to draw attention to the possibility of an AVM during the direct anterior approach (DAA) for THA, which, if not borne in mind, may lead to the myriad of complications related to excessive bleeding. An 81-year-old female presented to the emergency department with a left femoral neck fracture. She elected to undergo a THA via the DAA. Abnormal appearing blood vessels were present near the ascending circumflex branches, which provided difficulty in achieving hemostasis. Excessive blood loss was noted, and the patient received one unit of packed red blood cells during the operation. Hemoglobin and hematocrit dropped in the days following surgery, requiring several additional transfusions of blood products. When the patient complained of progressive left leg swelling on postoperative day 3, a computed tomography revealed large hematomas within the left adductors and the left iliopsoas muscle. Active extravasation was identified arising from a branch of the left profunda femoral artery, as well as an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in this area. Bleeding was controlled by selective endovascular coil embolization. As of current knowledge, this is the first reported intraoperative discovery of congenital arteriovenous malformation (AVM) with subsequent development of postoperative arteriovenous fistula and associated symptomatic hematomas in the setting of THA using the DAA. Early recognition and intervention of vascular malformations is essential in preventing potential limb- or life-threatening surgical complication.


Resumo Não é comum encontrar malformações arteriovenosas (MAV) durante a artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ). Relatamos o presente caso para chamar a atenção para a possibilidade de uma MAV durante a abordagem anterior direta (AAD) para ATQ, que se não for considerada, pode levar a uma miríade de complicações relacionadas ao sangramento excessivo. Uma mulher de 81 anos foi apresentada ao pronto-socorro com fratura no pescoço do fêmur esquerdo. Ela optou por se submeter a uma artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) através da AAD. Vasos sanguíneos aparentemente anormais estavam presentes perto dos ramos circunflexos ascendentes, proporcionando dificuldade em alcançar hemostasia. A perda excessiva de sangue foi notada e a paciente recebeu uma unidade de glóbulos vermelhos embalados durante a operação. Hemoglobina e hematócrito caíram nos dias seguintes à cirurgia, exigindo várias transfusões adicionais de produtos sanguíneos. Quando a paciente reclamou de inchaço progressivo na perna esquerda no terceiro dia pós-operatório, a tomografia computadorizada revelou hematomas grandes dentro dos adutores esquerdos e do músculo iliopsoas esquerdo. A extravasão ativa foi identificada a partir de um ramo da artéria femoral esquerda, bem como de uma fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) nesta área. O sangramento foi controlado por embolização seletiva da bobina endovascular. A partir do conhecimento atual, esta é a primeira descoberta intraoperatória relatada de MAC congênita com desenvolvimento subsequente de FAV pós-operatória e hematomas sintomáticos associados no cenário de ATQ utilizando a AAD. O reconhecimento precoce e a intervenção de malformações vasculares são essenciais para prevenir possíveis complicações cirúrgicas de membros ou de risco de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Malformations , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 813-817, Sept.-Oct. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529952

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors present an atypical case of a left elbow complex fracture with extensive loss of bone and muscle tissue. The patient was submitted to several surgical procedures, which resulted in a total arthroplasty of the left elbow with triceps reconstruction using a semitendinosus muscle tendon graft.


Resumo Os autores apresentam um caso atípico de fratura complexa do cotovelo esquerdo com perda extensa de tecido ósseo e muscular. O paciente foi submetido a diversos procedimentos cirúrgicos, que resultaram em uma artroplastia total do cotovelo esquerdo associada à reconstrução do tríceps com enxerto do tendão do músculo semitendíneo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Arthroplasty, Replacement , Elbow Joint , Elbow Prosthesis , Elbow Fractures
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559937

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artroplastia de cadera se considera un tratamiento exitoso en ortopedia. El abordaje anterior directo, a través del intervalo de Hueter, evita la disección de inserciones musculares del hueso y disminuye la alteración de los tejidos blandos alrededor de la cadera. Objetivos: Presentar los resultados de artroplastias totales de cadera primarias, realizadas por abordaje anterior directo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-prospectivo, tipo serie de casos, con pacientes intervenidos por artroplastia total de cadera primaria no cementada a través de abordaje anterior directo. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo femenino y los grupos etarios de 45 y 60 años. El índice de masa corporal resultó bajo y hubo escaso riesgo anestésico. El tiempo quirúrgico superó las dos horas, con escaso sangrado operatorio. La correcta colocación del componente acetabular y el femoral permitió que la deambulación iniciara en menos de tres días. Las complicaciones fueron escasas y se resolvieron con el tratamiento adecuado. Conclusiones: El empleo de abordaje anterior directo para artroplastias totales de cadera primarias ofrece resultados muy satisfactorios.


Introduction: Hip arthroplasty is considered a successful treatment in Orthopedics. The direct anterior approach, through Hueter interval, avoids the dissection of muscular attachments to the bone and decreases the alteration of the soft tissues around the hip. Objectives: To report the results of primary total hip arthroplasties, performed by direct anterior approach. Methods: A descriptive-prospective case series study was carried out with patients who underwent primary uncemented total hip arthroplasty through a direct anterior approach. Results: The female sex and the age groups of 45 and 60 years predominated. The body mass index was low and there was little anesthetic risk. Surgical time exceeded two hours, with little operative bleeding. The correct placement of the acetabular and femoral components allowed ambulation to begin in less than three days. Complications were rare and resolved with appropriate treatment. Conclusions: The use of the direct anterior approach for primary total hip arthroplasties offers very satisfactory results.

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