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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 511-520, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388018

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to compare functional results after Cemented Calcar replacement vis-a-vis Long stem Cemented hemiarthroplasty in patients aged more than 80 years with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Methods The present prospective, randomized trial included 140 patients with AO/OTA type 31-A2, A3 intertrochanteric femur fracture, randomized into 2 treatment groups and followed-up for a minimum of 2 years. Sixty-seven patients in group A were treated with a cemented calcar replacing prosthesis, and 65 patients in group B were treated with a cemented long stem femoral stem prosthesis. The primary end points were hip functions at 2 years. The secondary end points were the complications encountered, mortality, surgical time, reoperation, blood loss, and activities of daily living. Results There were no major differences between the groups in terms of hip function, quality of life (health related), reoperation, mortality, and blood loss. However, the function in hip joint and activities of daily living deteriorated in both groups in comparison with prefracture levels. Conclusion In octogenarians with an unstable intertrochanteric fracture, cemented calcar replacing prosthesis has similar clinical results in comparison with long stem cemented hemiarthroplasty. Hemiarthroplasty with either implant is a good option in this subset of patients. Level of evidence: I


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar os resultados funcionais após a substituição do Calcar cimentado em comparação com a hemiartroplastia cimentada de haste longa em pacientes com mais de 80 anos com fratura intertrocantérica instável. Métodos O presente estudo prospectivo e randomizado incluiu 140 pacientes com fratura de fêmur intertrocantérica, conforme classificação AO/OTA tipo 31-A2, A3, randomizados em 2 grupos de tratamento e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 2 anos. Sessenta e sete pacientes do grupo A foram tratados com uma prótese de substituição do calcar cimentada e 65 pacientes do grupo B foram tratados com uma prótese femoral de haste longa cimentada. Os desfechos primários foram as funções do quadril em 2 anos. Os eventos secundários foram as complicações encontradas, a mortalidade, o tempo cirúrgico, segunda cirurgia, perda de sangue e as atividades do cotidiano. Resultados Não houve grandes diferenças entre os grupos em termos de função do quadril, qualidade de vida (relacionada à saúde), segunda cirurgia, mortalidade e perda de sangue. No entanto, a função da articulação do quadril e as atividades da vida diária se deterioraram em ambos os grupos em comparação com os níveis pré-fratura. Conclusão Nos octogenários com fratura intertrocantérica instável, a prótese de substituição do calcar cimentada apresentou resultados clínicos semelhantes em comparação com a hemiartroplastia de haste longa cimentada. A hemiartroplastia comqualquer umdos implantes é uma boa opção nesse subgrupo de pacientes. Nível de evidência: I


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hemiarthroplasty , Hip Fractures/therapy , Hip Prosthesis
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 144-149, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365753

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the treatment of hip wave lesion using reverse microfracture, which is a simple and cheap surgical procedure. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 19 patients with acetabular wave lesion treated with reverse microfracture. The patients were assessed by magnetic nuclear resonance imaging (MRI) at the time of diagnosis and 6 months after the surgery and functionally evaluated using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain in the preoperative period, and 3 and 6 months after the surgery. Results The statistical data showed a significant improvement in HHS and VAS 6 months after the surgery. Six months after the surgery, the MRI revealed that the area subjected to reverse microfracture presented cartilage with the same visual characteristics observed in areas with no chondral injury. Conclusion We conclude that the reverse microfracture proved to be an effective, reproducible method for the treatment of wave lesion.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o tratamento desta lesão, através da microfratura reversa, que é um procedimento simples e sem aumento de insumos na cirurgia. Métodos Foram analisados retrospectivamente 19 pacientes submetidos a tratamento da lesão em onda no acetábulo, através da microfratura reversa. Utilizamos a ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) no momento do diagnóstico e 6 meses após a cirurgia, avaliação funcional pelo Harris Hip Score (HHS) e escala visual e analógica (EVA) da dor no pré-operatório, e 3 e 6 meses após a cirurgia. Resultadoos dados estatísticos mostraram melhora significativa do HHS e EVA da dor após 6 meses da cirurgia. A RNM após 6 meses da cirurgia mostrou que na área que foi submetida à microfratura reversa, a cartilagem se apresentou com as mesmas características visuais que nas áreas sem lesão condral. Conclusão Concluímos que a microfratura reversa se mostrou eficaz e reprodutível no tratamento da lesão em onda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Stress , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoracetabular Impingement
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the anteversion angle of acetabular prosthesis can be evaluated on the anteroposterior X-ray film of common double hip joint.@*METHODS@#Total 32 patients(41 hips) after total hip arthroplasty were selected, including 18 males and 14 females, aged(66.2±4.1) years. All patients completed the positive X-ray film of both hips and plain CT scan of pelvis after operation. Acetabular anteversion was measured by plain CT scan of pelvis, and measured by Saka and other measurement formulas on X-ray film.@*RESULTS@#The acetabular anteversion measured by X-ray film was(16.2±5.0)° and that measured by CT was (31.8±9.7)°(P=0.00). In addition, there was a significant linear correlation between X-ray film and CT(Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.84, P=0.00).@*CONCLUSION@#CT can accurately measure the acetabular anteversion, but it has obvious disadvantages, such as large radiation, high cost, phantom CT artifact and so on. Although Saka measurement formula can not directly obtain the accurate acetabular anteversion as CT measurement, it has a high correlation with the acetabular anteversion measured by CT. Therefore, the method proposed in this study can also preliminarily evaluate the acetabular anteversion.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Female , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Pelvis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928274

ABSTRACT

The choice of friction interface has always been a controversial topic in hip arthroplasty. Although the metal-on-metal (MoM) interface has gradually faded out of our vision, its revision is a clinical difficulty. Adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) is the most common indication for MoM hip arthroplasty revision, and the clinical results of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD are not satisfactory. At present, the indications and suggestions for revision of ARMD are not uniform. In this article, the clinical diagnosis, indications of revision, risk factors of prognosis, intraoperative suggestions and reasons for revision of ARMD were summarized. This article briefly introduces the diagnosis and treatment strategies and precautions of hip arthroplasty due to ARMD, in order to provide reference for such patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects , Humans , Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses/adverse effects , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of porous tantalum Jumbo cup on acetabular reconstruction in revision of total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to December 2017, 18 patients(18 hips) with acetabular defect were reconstructed by porous tantalum Jumbo cup technology, including 6 males and 12 females;the age ranged from 54 to 76 years old with an average of(63.8±15.3) years. There were 6 cases of paprosky typeⅡA, 8 cases of typeⅡB, 2 cases of typeⅡC and 2 cases of type Ⅲ a. Harris score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were performed before and after operation. Imaging examination was performed to evaluate the position of hip rotation center and prosthesis, and to judge whether acetabular loosening, displacement and complications existed.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 13 to 49 months, with an average of 20.6 months. Harris score increased from 54.6±4.7 to 86.5±3.2 one year after operation(P<0.01), and VAS score decreased from 6.8±0.7 to 0.8±0.6 one year after operation (P<0.01). The transverse coordinate of hip rotation center was (3.52±0.72) cm before operation and (3.47±0.54) cm after operation (P>0.05). The longitudinal coordinate of hip rotation center was improved from (3.02±0.84) cm before operation to (2.35±0.53) cm after operation (P<0.01). During the follow-up period, the Jumbo cup was well fixed without loosening and displacement, the acetabular cup had bone ingrowth in varying degrees, and no light transmission line and osteolysis around the acetabular cup were found. No complications such as infection and nerve injury occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The method of reconstructing acetabular bone defect with porous tantalum Jumbo cup is simple and easy, the early stability of acetabulum is good, and the short-term follow-up effect is good.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Porosity , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Tantalum , Treatment Outcome
7.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(spe1): e242758, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383442

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The leg length (LL) and femoral offset (FO) discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty (THA) are important factors for postoperative outcomes and restoring native hip biomechanics is essential for THA. Hip capsular ligament contributes to joint stability; however, there are few studies about the influence of ligament preservation on LLD and FO following THA. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study involving 60 patients who underwent primary THA using a short stem through the anterolateral approach between June 2016 and August 2018. From August 2017, we preserved the vertical band of iliofemoral ligament and the pubofemoral ligament in THA, and the compared pre- and postoperative radiographic LLD and FO difference between the ligament preservation (n = 30) and ligament excision (n = 30) groups. Results: Postoperative LLD was significantly smaller in the ligament preservation than in the ligament excision group. The ratio of excessive LLD and FO difference was lower in the ligament preservation group than the ligament excision one. Conclusion: The preservation of the hip capsular ligament suppressed the increased LLD and FO difference. Level of Evidence II; Prognostic Study - Investigation of the Effect of a Patient Characteristic on the Outcome of a Disease .


RESUMO Objetivos: A discrepância do comprimento da perna (CP) e do offset femoral (OF) após a artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) são fatores importantes para os resultados pós-operatórios, e a restauração da biomecânica original do quadril é essencial para a ATQ. O ligamento capsular do quadril contribui para a estabilidade articular; entretanto, existem poucos estudos sobre a influência da preservação ligamentar no LLD e FO após ATQ. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo retrospectivo envolvendo 60 pacientes submetidos à ATQ primária com haste curta por via anterolateral entre junho de 2016 e agosto de 2018. A partir de agosto de 2017, a banda vertical do ligamento iliofemoral e do ligamento pubofemoral na ATQ foram preservadas e compararadas à diferença de LLD e FO radiográficas pré- e pós-operatórias entre os grupos de preservação ligamentar (n = 30) e excisão ligamentar (n = 30). Resultados: O LLD pós-operatório foi significativamente menor no grupo de preservação do ligamento que no grupo de excisão do ligamento. A razão de diferença de LLD e FO excessivas foi menor no grupo de preservação do ligamento do que no grupo de excisão do ligamento. Conclusão: A preservação do ligamento capsular do quadril suprimiu o aumento da diferença de LLD e FO. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Prognóstico - iIvestigação do Efeito da Característica de um Paciente no Desfecho da Doença.

8.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(3): e243763, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374151

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To correlate vertical (VFO) and horizontal (HFO) femoral offset with hip range of motion (ROM), peak muscle torque (PT), functional, capacity, and lower limb length in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: A cross-sectional case control study, in which 22 individuals (10 men and 12 women) - aged 61 (41-72), and within 23 (10-40) postoperative days - were evaluated for active hip ROM (fleximetry); Isometric PT (portable dynamometer); functional capacity (Timed up and Go test (TUG) and Harris Hip Score questionnaire); lower limb length (measuring tape); and VFO and HFO (radiographs). Results: The operated limb showed a reduction in length (p = 0.006), ROM for abduction (p = 0.001), flexion (p = 0.003), and external rotation (p = 0.003), as well as in all PT (p < 0.05) when compared with the contralateral limb. Moderate correlations were observed between VFO and external rotators (r = 0.487; p = 0.021); HFO and external rotators PT (r = −0.508; p = 0.016); and the difference between the VFO (operated and non-operated limb) and the TUG (r = −0.570; p = 0.006). Conclusion: Changes to the femoral offset seem to influence functional capacity, as well as the movement and external rotators PT of the hips in patients with THA, considering the postoperative period evaluated. Level of Evidence III, Case Control Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Correlacionar achados do offset femoral vertical (OFV) e horizontal (OFH) aos da amplitude de movimento do quadril (ADM), pico de torque muscular (PT), capacidade funcional (CF) e comprimento dos membros inferiores (CM) em pacientes com artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ). Métodos: Estudo transversal, caso controle (nível de evidência III), foram avaliados 22 indivíduos (10 homens e 12 mulheres) com idade de 61 (41-72) anos e 23 (10-40) dias de pós-operatório, quanto à: ADM ativa do quadril (fleximetria); PT isométrico (dinamômetro portátil); CF - teste Timed up and Go (TUG) e questionário Harris Hip Score (HHS); CM (fita métrica); e OFV e OFH a partir de radiografias. Resultados: O membro operado apresentou redução no CM (p = 0,006), ADM de abdução (p = 0,001), flexão (p = 0,003) e RE (p = 0,003), e em todos os PT (p < 0,05) em comparação ao membro contralateral. Correlações moderadas encontradas entre: OFV e RE (r = 0,487; p = 0,021); OFH e PT dos RE (r = −0,508; p = 0,016); e a diferença do OFV (membro operado e não operado) e o TUG (r = −0,570; p = 0,006). Conclusão: Alterações no OF parecem influenciar a CF, bem como o movimento e o PT dos RE do quadril em pacientes com ATQ para o período pós-operatório avaliado. Nível de Evidência III, Estudo de Caso-Controle.

9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 513-516, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341169

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present work was to compare the measurement of acetabular component version on anteroposterior (AP) and on cross-table radiographs after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods Radiographs of 60 hips with a primary THA were selected. Version was calculated on the AP radiograph using the Lewinnek method and, on the cross-table, using the Woo and Morrey direct method. Results Mean and standard deviation (SD) were different on both radiographs, being 9.7° ± 5.5° on the AP, whereas in the cross-table the measurements were 20.6° ± 8.4° (p < 0.001). Minding our aim of 10°, the cross-table measurements were statistically different from it (p < 0.001), while the AP measurement did not differ (p = 0.716). Conclusion The present study showed that the best way to correctly evaluate the acetabular component positioning following a THA is by measuring anteversion and abduction on an AP radiograph after confirming, in a cross-table radiograph, that the component is not retroverted.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente trabalho foi comparar a medição da versão do componente acetabular em radiografias em incidência anteroposterior (AP) e crosstable após artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ). Métodos Foram selecionadas radiografias de 60 quadris com ATQ primário. A versão foi calculada na radiografia AP usando o método de Lewinnek e, na cross-table, usando o método direto do Woo e Morrey. Resultados A média e o desvio padrão (DP) foram diferentes em ambas as radiografias, sendo 9,7° ± 5,5° no AP, enquanto na cross-table foram 20,6° ± 8,4° (p < 0,001). Considerando nosso objetivo de 10°, as medidas da cross-table foram estatisticamente diferentes dele (p < 0,001), enquanto a medição AP não diferiu (p = 0,716). Conclusão O presente estudo mostrou que a melhor maneira de avaliar corretamente o posicionamento do componente acetabular após uma ATQ é medindo a anteversão e a abdução em uma radiografia AP após confirmar, em uma radiografia cross-table, que o componente não é retrovertido.


Subject(s)
Radiography , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Acetabulum
10.
BrJP ; 4(1): 91-93, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249127

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total hip replacement surgeries may result in intense postoperative pain. There are many analgesia techniques available in clinical practice and lumbar erector spine plane (LESP) block may be an option of an effective technique with milder adverse effects and easier execution. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 23-year-old, allergic to morphine and tramadol, underwent a total left hip arthroplasty under mild sedation, no opioid spinal anesthesia and ultrasound guided LESP. After the surgery the patient's pain was under control, and methadone rescue analgesia was not used. CONCLUSION: LESP block is easy to perform and may be effective for postoperative analgesia in hip surgeries, with fewer adverse effects than other techniques.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Artroplastia total de quadril pode evoluir com dor pós-operatória intensa. Há várias técnicas disponíveis na prática clínica para analgesia. O bloqueio do plano eretor da espinha lombar (LESP block) pode ser uma opção efetiva, de fácil execução e efeitos adversos mais leves. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo feminino, 23 anos, alérgica a morfina e tramadol, submetida à artroplastia total de quadril sob sedação leve, anestesia subaracnóidea sem opioides e LESP block guiado por ultrassonografia. Evoluiu com controle de dor efetivo, sem uso de metadona de resgate. CONCLUSÃO: LESP block é fácil de ser executado, pode ser efetivo para analgesia pós-operatória de cirurgias de quadril e apresenta menos efeitos adversos que outras técnicas.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with conventional instrument OCM approach and posterolateral approach in supine position.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to January 2019, 67 patients underwent hip arthroplasty due to hip diseases, including 21 patients in the minimally invasive group, 12 males and 9 females;there were 10 cases of femoral neck fracture, 5 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 6 cases of hip osteoarthritis. In the traditional group, 46 cases were treated by traditional posterolateral approach, including 28 males and 18 females;there were 24 cases of femoral neck fracture, 12 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 10 cases of hip osteoarthritis. All patientsused biological ceramic artificial joint prosthesis. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, incision length, preoperative and postoperative creatine kinase (CK-NAC), underground activity time, hospital stay, abduction angle and anteversion angle of prosthesis were observed and compared between two groups. Harris scores before operation and 12 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 14 to 26(18.4±3.6) months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative anteversion and abduction angle between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two approaches of total hip arthroplasty can obtain satisfactory results.OCM approach has less damage and rapid postoperative recovery. It is a reliable surgical approach and can be popularized and used.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of femoral head replacement and internal fixation in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 70 cases of unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated from January 2016 to January 2019 and meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 39 cases were fixed with closed reduction and new proximal femoral intramedullary nail(InterTAN), and 31 cases were treated with open trochanter reconstruction and artificial femoral head replacement. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay, weight bearing time, postoperative complication rate and hip function recovery (Harris score) were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 12 to 24 months. There were no significant differences in intraoperative bleeding and hospital stay between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#InterTAN and femoral head replacement can treat unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly, but femoral head replacement can move down early, improve the quality of life at the end of life, reduce postoperative complications and facilitate the treatment of coexisting diseases in internal medicine.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of regional oxygen saturation (rSO 2)-guided low-dose norepinephrine on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing hip replacement under general anesthesia. Methods:One hundred and twenty patients of both sexes, aged 65-80 yr, with body mass index of 18-24 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ-Ⅲ, scheduled for hip replacement under general anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups ( n=60 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C) and low-dose norepinephrine guided by rSO 2 group (group RN). The patients in both groups received superior inguinal fascial space block combined with general anesthesia under laryngeal mask placement.In group C, the fluctuation range of mean arterial pressure (MAP) was not more than 20% of the baseline, vasoactive agents were administered according to the changes in blood pressure, rSO 2 was monitored continuously, but the change rate of rSO 2 was not used as the regulating index.In group RN, norepinephrine was infused continuously via the central vein at 0.01-0.10 μg·kg -1·min -1 after anesthesia induction, the dose was adjusted according to rSO 2, the rSO 2 change rate was maintained≤10%, the fluctuation range of mean arterial pressure was not more than 20% of the baseline, and vasoactive agents were administered when necessary.MAP, end-tidal pressure of carbon dioxide (P ETCO 2) and rSO 2 were recorded after inhalation of oxygen (T 0), at 5 min after anesthesia induction (T 1), at 30 min after skin incision (T 2), at the end of surgery (T 3) and after recovery and extubation (T 4), and the change rate of rSO 2 was calculated.The occurrence of adverse events and amount of vasoactive drugs used were recorded.The cognitive function was assessed using Montreal Scale at 1 day before surgery and 7 days after surgery, and the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) was calculated using Z score.The postoperative hospital stay time was recorded. Results:Compared with group C, MAP and rSO 2 were significantly increased, and the change rate of rSO 2 was decreased at T 1, 2 in group RN ( P<0.05). Compared with group C, the requirement for intraoperative vasoactive drugs was significantly decreased, the consumption of norepinephrine was increased, MoCA total score, attention and delayed recall sub-score were increased at 7 days after surgery, the incidence of POCD was decreased, and the postoperative hospital stay time was shortened in group RN ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Low-dose norepinephrine guided by rSO 2 can decrease the development of POCD in elderly patients undergoing hip replacement under general anesthesia.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of pericapsular nerve group (PENG) block combined with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) block versus fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) in elderly patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty under general anesthesia.Methods:Fifty-eight patients of both sexes, aged 65-85 yr, with body mass index of 18-30 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, scheduled for elective direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty, were divided into 2 groups ( n=29 each) using a random number table method: PENG block plus LFCN block group (PL group) and FICB group (F group). In group PL, the mixture (20 ml) of 0.375% ropivacaine hydrochloride and dexamethasone 3.3 mg was injected around the nerve innervating the hip joint capsule under ultrasound guidance.In group F, the mixture (30 ml) of 0.375% ropivacaine hydrochloride and dexamethasone 5 mg was injected around the nerve innervating the fascia iliaca compartment under ultrasound guidance.All the patients received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with oxycodone after surgery.When visual analogue scale scores≥4 points, oxycodone 1 mg was intravenously injected as rescue analgesic.The intraoperative consumption of remifentanil was recorded.First time to ambulation, discharge destination, length of hospital stay, and effective pressing times of analgesic pump, requirement for rescue analgesia and the incidence of quadriceps weakness, nausea and vomiting and nerve block related complications within 48 h after surgery were recorded. Results:Compared with F group, intraoperative consumption of remifentanil was significantly decreased, effective pressing times of analgesic pump and incidence of quadriceps weakness were decreased, first time to ambulation and length of hospital stay were shortened, and first discharge destination was prolonged ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the requirement for rescue analgesia and the incidence of nausea ( P>0.05) in group PL. Conclusion:PENG block combined with LFCN block can reduce intraoperative consumption of opioids, be helpful for inhibiting postoperative pain sensitivity, and improve early recovery than FICB when used for total hip arthroplasty under general anesthesia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1396-1400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early efficacy of direct anterior approach versus posterolateral approach for total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients.Methods:The 48 elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty from September 2017 to September 2019 were divided into two groups: DAA group(n=23, 30 hips)receiving direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty, and PLA group(n=25, 33 hips)receiving posterolateral approach for total hip arthroplasty in this retrospective study.The operation time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, acetabular abduction angle, anteversion angle, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups.The hip function was compared with Visual Analogue Scale(VAS)and Harris Hip Score(HHS).Results:All the 48 patients were followed up for 7-31 months, with an average of 22.8 months in DAA group, and 24 months in PLA group.The operation time was less in PLA group than in DAA group[(49.3±5.7)min vs.(70.3±6.2)min, t=12.22, P=0.00], while the hospital stay was longer in PLA group than in DAA group, with a statistically significant difference[(7.8±1.5)d vs.(5.6±1.3)d, t=-5.40, P=0.00]. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the two groups[(173.1±47.9)ml vs.(189.6±48.7)ml, t=1.18, P=0.24]. The VAS and HHS scores were better at 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up than before operation in both DAA and PLA group(all P<0.05). The VAS and HHS scores were better in DAA than in PLA groups( P<0.05)at 1 month after surgery.However, at the last follow-up, there was no significant difference in VAS and HHS scores between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:The early results of direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty are satisfactory in patients aged 85 years and older.It has the advantages of less trauma, faster postoperative recovery and shorter hospital stay.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1050-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the accuracy of two methods in reducing leg length discrepancy(LLD)during hip hemiarthroplasty.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 89 patients of hip hemiarthroplasty who suffered from femoral neck fracture.There were 47 patients in the new method group(NM), and 42 patients in the traditional method group(traditional method, TM)which comparing the position of the greater trochanter tip and the center of the femoral head.In the NM group, the distance from the center of femoral head to the lesser trochanter(L)and the diameter of femoral head(D)of the healthy side hip were measured on preoperative anteroposterior pelvic X-ray film, and the ratio(R)of D to L was calculated.During operation, the diameter of the femoral head(d)was measured with a caliper, and the distance should be obtained from the center of the femoral head prosthesis to the lesser trochanter according to the ratio R of the healthy side.The difference of postoperative LLD between the two groups and the incidences of |LLD| in each range were compared.Results:In the NM group, the maximum LLD was 11.10 mm and the minimum LLD was -4.0 mm, with an average of(4.4±3.2)mm, 80.9%(38/47)| LLD | < 6 mm, 93.6%(44/47)| LLD | < 10 mm, 6.4%(3/47)| LLD | ≥ 10 mm.In the TM group, the maximum LLD was 13.2 mm and the minimum LLD was -8.3 mm, with an average of (6.2±5.1)mm, 42.9%(18/42)|LLD|<6 mm, 69.0%(29/42)|LLD| <10 mm, 31.0%(13/42)|LLD|≥10mm.The differences of patients of the mean postoperative LLD and the incidences of |LLD| in each range between two the groups were statistically significant( t=-2.036、 χ2=14.629, P=0.046、0.001). Conclusions:The new method is simple, convenient, more accurate and can obtain a more satisfactory LLD compared with the traditional method which refers to the relative position of the great trochanter tip and the center of the femoral head.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantage of three-phase bone scintigraphy combined with SPECT/CT over three-phase bone scintigraphy in the differential diagnosis of periprosthetic infection from prosthesis loosening in patients after prosthesis replacement.Methods:Seventy patients (27 males, 43 females, age (69.5±10.5) years) who were suspected with prosthesis loosening or periprosthetic infection underwent 99Tc m-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) three-phase bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT from October 2008 to November 2019 in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had pathological diagnoses based on surgical resection or lesion biopsy. The diagnostic efficiency of three-phase bone scintigraphy images and three-phase bone scintigraphy combined with SPECT/CT were evaluated. χ2 test was used for data analysis. Results:Among 70 patients, 34(48.6%, 34/70) were diagnosed as periprosthetic infection and 36(51.4%, 36/70) were diagnosed as prosthesis loosening. Using three-phase bone scintigraphy for the differential diagnosis of bone lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 94.1%(32/34), 77.8%(28/36), 85.7%(60/70), 80.0%(32/40) and 93.3%(28/30), when combined with SPECT/CT, the corresponding results were 94.1%(32/34), 94.4%(34/36), 94.3%(66/70), 94.1%(32/34), 94.4%(34/36), respectively. The specificity and accuracy were increased ( χ2 values: 4.167, 4.167, both P=0.031). Conclusion:Combination of three-phase bone scintigraphy with SPECT/CT can provide added value over three-phase bone scintigraphy for differential diagnosis in patients with periprosthetic loosening or periprosthetic infection.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical properties of traditional surface hip prosthesis and bionic surface hip prosthesis.Methods:The Sawbone digital model (#3908, Left, Medium) was selected as the research object. Mimics 21.0 software was used to reconstruct the physical model of femur. Solidworks 16.0 software was used to build the model of prostheses, including the traditional and bionic (type 1-4) protheses and their assembly. The distances from the screw cross position to the top of pressure screw of type 1 to type 4 protheses were 20.22 mm, 30.12 mm, 32.17 mm and 37.76 mm, respectively. The mechanical distribution characteristics of the whole model were measured and the stress distribution cloud map was obtained.Results:The peak stresses at bone-stem junction of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 32.18 MPa, 13.80 MPa, 15.01 MPa, 23.46 MPa and 34.51 MPa, respectively. With the fulcrums away from the top of the femur, the peak stresses at the fulcrums of type 1-4 hip protheses were 37.98 MPa, 48.60 MPa, 54.80 MPa, and 53.87 MPa, respectively. The maximum stress above femoral neck of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 8.00 MPa, 7.80 MPa, 7.04 MPa, 7.03 MPa and 7.51 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses under femoral neck was 15.38 MPa, 14.20 MPa, 11.11 MPa, 13.10 MPa and 12.18 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses in the greater trochanter region of femur were 13.08 MPa, 11.61 MPa, 13.09 MPa, 11.02 MPa and 39.51 MPa, respectively.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional surface hip prosthesis, the type I bionic surface hip prosthesis is designed based on the lever balance reconstruction theory. With the bionic reconstruction of the tension trabeculae and compression trabeculae through reasonable screw placement angles and the inward movement of the fulcrum closer to the center of the femoral head, the new type prothesis make up for the design defects of the traditional surface hip prosthesis, optimize the stress distribution in the proximal femur, and improve the stability of the prosthesis after replacement, which help reduce the risk of femoral neck fracture and prosthesis loosening, and extend the service life of the prosthesis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 911-919, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prospectively analyze the early clinical effects of 3D-printed porous metal cup with hip dual-mobility revision (HDR) system in treating severe acetabular bone defects.Methods:A total of 17 patients with severe acetabular defects (15 patients in Allan-Gross type 4 and 2 patients in type 5; 2 patients in Paprosky type 2B, 4 patients in type 3A and 11 patients in type 3B) who underwent revision hip arthroplasty between July 2019 and May 2020 were analyzed. There were 7 males and 10 females (mean age 67.3±9.3 years; range 42-80 years). The average body mass index was 22.2±3.8 kg/m 2 (range 17.7-33.3 kg/m 2). The preoperative mean leg length discrepancy (LLD) was 42.9±31.1 mm (range 10-160 mm) . One patient presented positive Trendelenburg sign. The follow-up duration was 12.1±3.0 months (range 6-16 months). The clinical and radiographic hip scores in all patients were evaluated. Results:The mean Harris Hip Score (HHS) was 31.2±11.3 points at preoperatively, 63.5±10.0, 68.7±10.4 and 70.2±10.1 points at 3 days, 7 days and 1 month postoperatively. At the latest follow-up, HHS was increased to 81.6±7.0 points. The outer cup mean abduction angle was 48.1°±10.6° and the mean inclination angle was 10.8°±6.0° postoperatively. The inner cup mean abduction angle was 45.0°±6.2° and the mean inclination angle was 10.8°±3.7°. The mean LLD decreased to 11.1±3.8 mm (range: 0-15 mm) after surgery. At the latest follow-up, all acetabular components were radiologically stable without displacement. No osteolysis or absorption was observed. There was no infection, loosening or nerve injury in all cases.Conclusion:During short-term follow-up, the 3D-printed porous metal HDR system can effectively enhance the stability of implants with satisfied quality of life. It can provide a good result for the revision of total hip arthroplasty with severe acetabular defects.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of different proximal femoral shapes on leg length discrepancy(LLD) after total hip arthroplasty(THA).@*METHODS@#Total 131 patients with osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis received unilateral biological total hip arthroplasty from June 2013 to June 2019. All patients' age, sex, side and pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography were retraspectively analyzed. There were 69 males and 62 females, 57 cases of left hip and 74 cases of right hip. The age ranges from 25 to 89 with an average age of 62 years. There were 48 cases of osteoarthritis and 83 cases of osteonecrosis. In this study, femoral cortical index (FCI) was used as the classification of proximal femoral shape, and bilateral lower limb length differences were measured by preoperative and postoperative pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography. Grouping according to FCI:> 0.6 was Dorr A group, 0.5 to 0.6 was Dorr B group, 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 6.30 mm (IQR 1.00 to 10.95 mm). When FCI was 0.5 to 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 5.85 mm(IQR-0.55 to 8.90 mm). FCI<0.5, the postoperative LLD was 1.95 mm(IQR -2.50 to 6.68 mm). LLD comparison of different proximal femoral shape was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High FCI increases the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affectedside, while low FCI reduces the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affected side. The surgeon can assess the shape of the proximal femur of the patient preoperatively and inform the patient in advance of possible changes in leg length of both lower extremities after total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Leg , Leg Length Inequality/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
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